Decene

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1-Decene
1-decene.svg
Dec-1-ene.svg
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
Dec-1-ene
Other names
Alpha Olefin C10; Decylene; α-Decene
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.011.654
EC Number 212-819-2
RTECS number HE2071401
UNII
UN number 3295, 1993
Properties
C10H20
Molar mass 140.27 g·mol−1
Density 0.74 g/cm3[1]
Melting point −66.3 °C (−87.3 °F; 206.8 K)[1]
Boiling point 172 °C (342 °F; 445 K)[1]
Hazards
GHS pictograms The flame pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)The health hazard pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)The environment pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)
GHS signal word Danger
H226, H304, H400, H410
P210, P233, P240, P241, P242, P243, P273, P280, P301+310, P303+361+353, P331, P370+378, P391, P403+235, P405, P501
Related compounds
Related Alkenes
Octene
Nonene
Undecene
Dodecene
Related compounds
Decane
Decanol
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Decene /dɛkn/ is an alkene with the formula C
10
H
20
. Decene contains a chain of ten carbon atoms with one double bond. There are many isomers of decene depending on the position and geometry of the double bond. 1-Decene is the only isomer of industrial importance. As an alpha olefin, it is used as a monomer in copolymers and is an intermediate in the production of epoxides, amines, oxo alcohols, synthetic lubricants, synthetic fatty acids, and alkylated aromatics.[2]

The industrial processes used in the production of 1-decene are oligomerization of ethylene by the Ziegler Process or by the cracking of petrochemical waxes.[3]

1-Decene has been isolated from the leaves and rhizome of the plant Farfugium japonicum and has been detected as the initial product in the microbial degradation of n-decane.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Record in the GESTIS Substance Database of the Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
  2. ^ 1-Decene (Alpha Olefin C10), ineosoligomers.com
  3. ^ Alfa Olefins, SIDS Initial Assessment Report

External links[edit]

  • Entry C872059 in Linstrom, Peter J.; Mallard, William G. (eds.); NIST Chemistry WebBook, NIST Standard Reference Database Number 69, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg (MD), http://webbook.nist.gov