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Apocalypse of Pseudo-Methodius

Written in Syriac in the late seventh century, the Apocalypse of Pseudo-Methodius shaped and influenced Christian eschatological thinking in the Middle Ages. Falsely attributed to Methodius of Olympus, a fourth century Church Father, the work attempts to make sense of the Islamic conquest of the Near East; the Apocalypse is noted for incorporating numerous aspects of Christian eschatology such as the invasion of Gog and Magog, the rise of the Antichrist, the tribulations that precede the end of the world. The Apocalypse, adds a new element to Christian eschatology: the rise of a messianic Roman emperor; this element would remain in Christian apocalyptic literature until the end of the medieval period. Translations into Greek, Slavonic and other languages from the early eighth century onwards would facilitate the Apocalypse’s influence; the Apocalypse is attributed to Methodius of Olympus in the Syriac text, of Patara in the Greek, both of whom lived in the fourth century. In all likelihood, the text was written in the seventh century by an unnamed Christian cleric, hence the moniker of Pseudo-Methodius, most of the Jacobite, Chalcedonian, or Melkite branch of Christianity.

Scholars have argued that the work was written as a contemporary to the Arab Conquests in response to the hardships faced by Christians and widespread apostasy to avoid taxations. As well, the author sees the invasion occurring as punishment from God; the text, employs historiography and apocalyptic prophecy. The text was written in Syriac in Northern Syria. Early scholarship, lacked the original Syrian text, so relied on Greek and Slavonic texts for study. In 1897, the scholar V. Istrin relied on the Greek text and at the same time, independently, Sackur studied the oldest Latin translations. Both of these studies ushered in the scholarly study of the Apocalypse, but it was not until 1931 that the original Syriac manuscript was discovered. With this find, Michael Kmosko was able to ascertain that original Apocalypse of Pseudo-Methodius to have been written in the Syriac language; the manuscript begins with a history of the world, starting with Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden, through to the Muslim conquests, into the end-times.

One notable feature about the work is the presence of sexuality with regards to Christian behavior in the end days—specifically discussing swinging and cross-dressing as indicators of a sinful society. It is only that the text says the “sons of Ishmael”, Muslims, will emerge from the desert of Ethribus to inflict God’s punishment upon the Christians who “slipped into depravity”; the Apocalypse recounts the events that took place at the hands of Muslims in the previous decades. In invoking figures in other Christian eschatological literature, such as Gog and Magog, Pseudo-Methodius attempts to legitimize his place as a fourth century Church Father; the manuscript notes the rise of an Emperor-Saviour figure, echoing the fourth century AD prophecy contributed to the legendary Tiburtine Sibyl. This Roman emperor will save the Christian lands from “the sons of Ishmael”, place his crown upon the cross “for the sake of the common salvation of all” thereby saving Christendom as a whole; the work is notable for its vivid brutality.

Descriptions of drinking the blood of cattle, stabbing pregnant women, feeding babies to animals permeate throughout the author’s work. Ballard notes, that Pseudo-Methodius deviates from previous eschatological literature, such as Revelation, in that the Apocalypse utilizes Roman emperors as agents of change. For this reason, Griffith notes, the Apocalypse marks the end of the antique era and the dawn of the Middle Ages. Guenther notes that Pseudo-Methodius was influenced by the books Revelation and Daniel, maintaining the lineage of Christian literature; this is an important feature as it shows the author was most a Christian cleric and was familiar with past Christian writings. By introducing new features into Christian literature while keeping core Christian beliefs and teachings intact helped to make the Apocalypse accessible to the laity, as well. Part of the Apocalypse’s influence is attributed to its ability to reflect the beliefs of Eastern Roman citizens. This, helped to endear the piece to a widespread Byzantine audience.

Rome and Sassanid Persia had been at war with one another for much of the first quarter of the seventh century. With both empires still feeling the effects of such a long series of battles, an Arab threat took advantage of the weakening empires; the Persians faced defeat west of the Euphrates in Qadisiyya in what Griffith calls “the beginning of the demise of both Roman and Persian rule for good”. This demise would continue throughout the 630s and 640s, as the Arabs conquered much of the Middle East and the Mediterranean world. In 635, Damascus fell and Antioch followed in 637, Edessa in 640, Alexandria in 642, Seleucia/Ctesiphon in 645. Three out of the five patriarchates of Roman Christendom were under Arab Muslim rule. In 674, the Ummayad Caliph Muawiyah launched a sea assault on Constantinople. Within three years he was defeated and turned his attention on the rest of the surviving Roman Empire, namely the Middle East and the Balkans; as Ballard notes, Constantinople was “reduced to a small Christian enclave within an ocean of Islam.”A campaign by the new Muslim rulers was set in place in order to remove any public display of Christian symbolism through building Islamic-styled buildings and issuing coins declaring an Islamic triumph.

The m

Spank! The Fifty Shades Parody

Spank! The Fifty Shades Parody is an unauthorized musical satire of E. L. James' Fifty Shades of Grey created by Mills Entertainment; the show is touring Canada, United States, Australia. The production was directed by Jim Millan and stars three different casts consisting of three actors per cast; the story follows an author, EBJ, as she writes a sex fantasy about a younger version of herself named Natasha Woode and a handsome billionaire, Hugh Hansen. With a weekend free from her husband and children, fledgling writer, E. B. Janet, decides to write a sex fantasy, her story centers around a younger version of Natasha Woode. Woode, a 22-year-old virgin, finds herself the object of an affection for a young billionaire Hugh Hansen, who introduces her to BDSM and erotic spanking. Spank! The Fifty Shades Parody opened in Springfield, Massachusetts in October 2012. A national US tour began touring in January 2013, with an Australian tour beginning in March 2013; the Australian production stars Stephen Mahy and Caitlin Berry.

Spank! official website Spank! on Facebook

Luther Head

Luther Dale Head is an American professional basketball shooting guard playing for the Cape Breton Highlanders, in the NBL Canada. Head attended Chicago's Manley Academy where he averaged over 20 points, eight assists and seven rebounds per game as a junior; those numbers earned him All-City honors and he was selected MVP of the Blue Division of the Chicago Public League. Led by Head and head coach Bo Delaney, Manley had a perfect 12–0 record and won the conference championship in the Blue-West Division. Manley finished 26–7 overall, losing to state runner-up Chicago Westinghouse in the Public League quarterfinals. During the season, Head posted 10 triple-doubles. In a game against Chicago Wells, Head broke the city record and recorded the second-highest number of assists in a game with 25, earning Prep Player of the Week honors from the Chicago Tribune; that game earned him Gatorade Prep Player of the Week honors. During the IHSA State Playoffs, Head scored 26 points and contributed 15 assists against Marshall in a first-round playoff victory.

He would post a triple-double in a second-round win over Steinmetz. During the summer, Head attended the Adidas ABCD Camp in New Jersey; as a senior, Head averaged 22 points, eight rebounds, six assists and five steals in the rugged Red-West Division of the Chicago Public League. He would earn First-Team All-State honors in 2001 from the Chicago Tribune, Chicago Sun-Times, Champaign-Urbana News-Gazette, Associated Press and Illinois Basketball Coaches Association. Head was selected to play in the Wendy's All-Star Classic as a senior, he played point guard in high school but played shooting guard to complement his abilities. Head finished sixth in the voting for Mr. Basketball in the state of Illinois following his senior year. However, to many college scouts, Head's senior year was seen as a disappointment as a few of his statistics dropped since junior year, he would sign his letter of intent to play college basketball for the University of Illinois where he became the first Illinois recruit from the Chicago Public League since 1994.

As a freshman at the University of Illinois, Head saw limited playing time. Coach Bill Self had a veteran team which included Brian Cook and Frankie Williams, so he had little need to play a freshman, his playing time increased as the season progressed and he started 13 games, including 11 of the last 12. Head averaged 4.5 points in 16.6 minutes per game for the season while shooting 51 percent from the field. His first season showed Head's individual talent for shooting and defense as he was second on the team with 34 steals, he showed his potential to become an eventual offensive force when he scored a season-high 19 points in an NCAA Tournament first-round win over San Diego State, hitting 8-of-11 shots, including three three-pointers. In that same game, he tallied three steals against the Aztecs, his season-high for assists was six against Kansas in the Regional Semifinal game which proved that he could perform on the national stage against the best teams in the nation. A pelvic injury slowed Head during the season and caused him to miss seven games, but he still started eight games and played more than 20 minutes per contest.

The arrival of two freshmen point guards, Dee Brown and Deron Williams, prevented Head from becoming a consistent starter and pushed him to the shooting guard and small forward positions. He improved as his injury healed and shot 58.5 percent from the floor in his last 10 games while hitting 48 percent of his shots from behind the three-point line in his last 11 games. Head improved to become the fourth leading scorer on the team averaging 7.9 points per game. His shooting improved as he shot 42.4 percent from three-point range and 51.9 percent overall. He proved that he could be a capable scorer if given consistent minutes as he scored in double figures nine times, including five times during Big Ten play, he scored. In that game, Head hit 5-of-6 shots including two three-pointers against the Hoosiers. Head averaged 9.7 points in Illinois' three Big Ten Tournament victories while hitting a remarkable 69.2 percent of his shots. In those three games he scored 15 points against Purdue, hitting 5-of-9 shots and three 3-pointers, his three 3-pointers at Michigan State, had 11 points along with a season-high seven rebounds against Ohio State.

In a game against Eastern Illinois, Head posted. Head hit all five of his shots in a game against Western Illinois, scoring 11 points; the junior year was marked by many changes. Head coach Bill Self left Illinois to take the vacant job at Kansas and Southern Illinois head coach Bruce Weber took over as coach of the Illini. Weber made Head a full-time starter. Head ranked fourth on the team in scoring with 11.0 points per game. He scored at least nine points including double figures in 14 games, he erupted for a career-high 29 points on 9-of-14 shooting with four 3-pointers in a Big Ten Tournament quarterfinal victory over Indiana. He scored 19 points and handed out eight assists in Big Ten-clinching win at Purdue; that game saw Head make a dramatic game-winning play when he threw a half-court pass to Roger Powell and followed Powell's blocked shot by putting in a rebound basket with nine-tenths of a second remaining. Head recorded his first double-double with 16 points and a career-high 10 rebounds in win at Iowa.

Head showed the ability to rebound as he led the Illini in rebounding with eight in win over Northwestern. He led all scorers with 18 points in a wi

Brave Brothers

Kang Dong-chul known by stage name Brave Brothers, is a South Korean rapper, record producer and songwriter of Brave Entertainment. He was a producer and composer for YG Entertainment from 2004 to 2008. In 2008, he started, he has produced hit songs for After School, Sistar, 4minute, T-ara, Son Dam Bi, Big Bang, Brown Eyed Girls, AOA, Hello Venus and U-KISS. In 2009, he made his music debut with Attitude and released Passionate on December 8, he has three groups under his record label: Brave Girls, Electroboyz and BIGSTAR. Kang is appearing on JTBC‘s Made In U program as a panel judge. On October 21, representatives of RaNia revealed that Brave Brothers would be producing their album Time To Rock Da Show, he was awarded the Hallyu Composer Award at the 19th Korean Culture Entertainment Daesang Awards on December 15, 2011. He stated, "Thank you so much for honoring me with such a great award. I will return the favor with more great new songs. I would like to return this honor to the artists that express my songs and to the Brave Sound family.

On October 25, 2011, he opened. On KBS's Win Win, he revealed he had a troubled past with 12 violence-related crimes and owned a room salon business, he stated that everything changed when he developed a love for Cypress Hill music and ended relations with organized crime. Park Jin-young Yang Hyun-suk Lee Soo-man Brave Sound Brave Brothers on Twitter Brave Brothers on Cyworld

God in the Dock

God in the Dock is a collection of unpublished essays and speeches from C. S. Lewis, collected from many sources after his death, its title implies "God on Trial" and the title is based on an analogy made by Lewis suggesting that modern human beings, rather than seeing themselves as standing before God in judgement, prefer to place God on trial while acting as his judge. This book was published in the United Kingdom as Undeceptions: Essays on Theology and Ethics, while a shorter book, published by Fontana in 1979 and entitled God in the Dock: Essays on Theology, does not include many of the essays in this larger collection; the editor states that the collection is a "very mixed bag". They are divided by the editor into Part I - "clearly theological", Part II - "semi-theological", Part III - "basic theme is'ethics', Part IV - letter arranged in the chronological order in which they were published". Thus, the following appears to be a misunderstanding of the book as it is presented to the reader.

The collection covers a wide range of topics but focuses on Lewis' view of Christianity. The book is split into three sections, the first of which contains essays such as "Myth Became Fact", "The Grand Miracle", "Is Theism Important?". These articles lay the groundwork for Lewis' apologetics establishing a starting point at which the true discrepancies between Christians and non-Christians become clear; the second section of God in the Dock builds on that starting point and presents a persuasive argument for Christianity. In articles including "Revival or Decay?" and "Modern Translations of the Bible", Lewis defends authentic Christianity and draws a distinct line between Truth and Religion. Lewis had noted a distinct split between the religious and secular observance of Christmas. In Xmas and Christmas: A Lost Chapter from Herodotus, Lewis relates as satire the observance of two simultaneous holidays in "Niatirb" from the supposed view of the Greek historian and traveller. One, "Exmas", is observed by a flurry of compulsory commercial activity and expensive indulgence in alcoholic beverages.

The other, "Crissmas," is observed in Niatirb's temples. Lewis's narrator asks a priest "why they kept Crissmas on the same day as Exmas?" He receives the reply: "It is not lawful, O Stranger, for us to change the date of Crissmas, but would that Zeus would put it into the minds of the Niatirbians to keep Exmas at some other time or not to keep it at all. For Exmas and the Rush distract the minds of the few from sacred things, and we indeed are glad. And when I asked him why they endured the Rush, he replied, "It is, O Stranger, a racket... "In the chapter "Evil and God," Lewis refers to the worship of the future. He considers this to be unproductive IF the future is where the world is going, that is, a random walk, he believes that the world can hardly congratulate itself for having "arrived" at a future, a place it has got to, if, all that it is - Lewis in fact argues that there is more purpose than that, but that some choose to worship that alone. Lewis address those skeptical of the Resurrection of Jesus.

If one interprets the crucifixion of Jesus as a historical event, this doesn't preclude its subsequent mythologization. But neither does it negate its historicity; the claim of the Gospel writers is. The heart of Christianity is a myth, a fact; the old myth of the Dying God, without ceasing to be myth, comes down from the heaven of legend and imagination to the earth of history. It happens — at a particular date, in a particular place, followed by definable historical consequences. We pass from a Balder or an Osiris, dying nobody knows when or where, to a historical Person crucified under Pontius Pilate. By becoming fact it does not cease to be myth:, the miracle; the final section of the book focuses on specifics. It addresses the logical fallacy Lewis named "Bulverism" as well as issues concerning religious observances such as Christmas, it answers. These essays are not logically connected; some essays may have fit into other sections, but are organised by the collector of the essays as they are - posthumously