Robin McLaurin Williams was an American actor and comedian. Born in Chicago, Williams began performing stand-up comedy in San Francisco and Los Angeles during the mid-1970s, is credited with leading San Francisco's comedy renaissance. After rising to fame playing the alien Mork in the sitcom Mork & Mindy, Williams established a career in both stand-up comedy and feature film acting, he was known for his improvisation skills and the wide variety of memorable character voices he created. Williams has been called the funniest person of all time. After his first starring film role in Popeye, Williams starred in numerous films that achieved critical and commercial success, including The World According to Garp, Moscow on the Hudson, Good Morning, Dead Poets Society, Aladdin, The Fisher King, One Hour Photo and World's Greatest Dad, as well as box office hits, such as Hook, Mrs. Doubtfire, The Birdcage, Good Will Hunting and the Night at the Museum trilogy. Williams was nominated four times for the Academy Awards, winning once for Best Supporting Actor for his performance as psychologist Sean Maguire in Good Will Hunting.
He received two Primetime Emmy Awards, seven Golden Globe Awards, two Screen Actors Guild Awards, four Grammy Awards. On August 11, 2014, Williams committed suicide in his Paradise Cay, home at the age of 63, his wife attributed his suicide to his struggle with Lewy body disease. Robin McLaurin Williams was born at St. Luke's Hospital in Chicago, Illinois, on July 21, 1951, his father, Robert Fitzgerald Williams, was a senior executive in Ford Motor Company's Lincoln-Mercury Division. His mother, Laurie McLaurin, was a former model from Mississippi. Through her, he was a great-great-grandson of Mississippi governor Anselm J. McLaurin. Williams had two elder half-brothers, he had English, Welsh, Irish and German ancestry. While his mother was a practitioner of Christian Science, Williams was raised in the Episcopal Church his father belonged to. Williams wrote a list: "Top Ten Reasons to Be an Episcopalian". During a television interview on Inside the Actors Studio in 2001, Williams credited his mother as an important early influence on his humor, he tried to make her laugh to gain attention.
Williams attended public elementary school in Lake Forest at Gorton Elementary School and middle school at Deer Path Junior High School. He described himself as a quiet child who did not overcome his shyness until he became involved with his high school drama department, his friends recall him as funny. In late 1963, when Williams was 12, his father was transferred to Detroit; the family lived in a 40-room farmhouse on 20 acres in suburban Bloomfield Hills, where he was a student at the private Detroit Country Day School. He excelled in school, where he was on the school's soccer team and wrestling team, was elected class president; as both his parents worked, Williams was attended to by the family's maid, his main companion. When Williams was 16, his father took early retirement and the family moved to Marin County, settling in Tiburon, California. Following their move, Williams attended Redwood High School in nearby Larkspur. At the time of his graduation in 1969, he was voted "Most Likely Not to Succeed" and "Funniest" by his classmates.
After high school graduation, Williams enrolled at Claremont Men's College in Claremont, California, to study political science. Williams studied theatre for three years at the College of Marin, a community college in Kentfield, California. According to College of Marin's drama professor James Dunn, the depth of the young actor's talent became evident when he was cast in the musical Oliver! as Fagin. Williams improvised during his time in the drama program, leaving cast members in hysterics. Dunn called his wife after one late rehearsal to tell her that Williams "was going to be something special". In 1973, Williams attained a full scholarship to the Juilliard School in New York City, he was one of 20 students accepted into the freshman class and one of two accepted by John Houseman into the Advanced Program at the school that year. William Hurt and Mandy Patinkin were classmates. According to biographer Jean Dorsinville, Franklyn Seales and Williams were roommates at Juilliard. Reeve remembered his first impression of Williams when they were new students at Juilliard: He wore tie-dyed shirts with tracksuit bottoms and talked a mile a minute.
I'd never seen. He was like an untied balloon, inflated and released. I watched in awe as he caromed off the walls of the classrooms and hallways. To say that he was "on" would be a major understatement. Williams and Reeve had a class in dialects taught by Edith Skinner, who Reeve said was one of the world's leading voice and speech teachers. According to Reeve, Skinner was bewildered by Williams, who could perform in many accents, including Scottish, English and Italian, their primary acting teacher was Michael Kahn, "equally baffled by this human dynamo". Williams had a reputation for being funny, but Kahn criticized his antics as simple stand-up comedy. In a production, Williams silenced his critics with his well-received performance as an old man in The Night of the Iguana by Tennessee Williams. "He was the old man," wrote Reeve. "I was astonished by h
Kirstie Louise Alley is an American actress and spokesmodel. She first achieved recognition in 1982, playing Saavik in the science fiction film Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan. Alley is best known for her portrayal of Rebecca Howe on the NBC sitcom Cheers, for which she received an Emmy Award and a Golden Globe in 1991. From 1997–2000, she starred on the sitcom Veronica's Closet, earning additional Emmy and Golden Globe nominations. Alley received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1995. Alley has appeared in several movies, including Summer School, Shoot to Kill, Look Who's Talking and its two sequels, Sibling Rivalry, Village of the Damned, It Takes Two, Deconstructing Harry, For Richer or Poorer, Drop Dead Gorgeous, she won her second Emmy Award in 1994 for the television film David's Mother. In 1997, Alley received a further Emmy nomination for her work in the crime drama series The Last Don. In 2005, she played a fictionalized version of herself on Showtime's Fat Actress, she appeared on the reality show Kirstie Alley's Big Life, was a contestant on the twelfth season of Dancing with the Stars, finishing in second place.
In 2013, she returned to acting with the title role on the sitcom Kirstie, in 2016 joined the second season of the Fox comedy horror series Scream Queens. In 2018, Alley finished as runner-up on season 22 of the British reality series Celebrity Big Brother. Kirstie Alley was born in Wichita, the daughter of Lillian Mickie, a homemaker, Robert Deal Alley, who owned a lumber company, she has two siblings and Craig. Alley attended Wichita Southeast High School, graduating in 1969, she attended college at Kansas State University. After moving to Los Angeles to pursue Scientology and work as an interior designer, Alley appeared as a contestant on the popular game show Match Game in 1979, she won both rounds, winning $5500 in the second round. She appeared on the game show Password Plus in 1980. In 1981, a car accident caused by a drunk driver killed her mother and left her father injured, her father recovered. Before becoming an actress, Alley was an interior designer, as she announced during her appearances as a contestant on the game shows Match Game and Password Plus.
She made her movie debut in 1982 in Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan, playing the Vulcan Starfleet officer Lieutenant Saavik, but chose not to reprise that role in the next two sequels, saying that she was offered less money than for Star Trek II. In the years following she starred in a number of smaller films, including One More Chance, Blind Date and Runaway. In 1985, she played Virgilia Hazard in the ABC miniseries North and South, books I and II. In 1987, Alley starred alongside Mark Harmon in the comedy film Summer School; the film was a box office success, grossing over $35 million in the United States. That year she joined the cast of NBC sitcom Cheers, replacing Shelley Long and remaining with the show until its eleventh and final season. In 1989, Alley starred with John Travolta in Look Who's Talking, the film grossed over $295 million worldwide, they went on to make two other films centered around the same theme, Look Who's Talking Too and Look Who's Talking Now! Alley has won two Emmy Awards during her career.
Her first two nominations for her work on Cheers did not win her the award, but her third, in 1991, did. In her speech, she thanked then-husband Parker Stevenson, calling him "the man who has given me the big one for the last eight years", she won her second Emmy for 1994 television film David's Mother. For her contributions to the film industry, Alley received a motion pictures star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 7000 Hollywood Boulevard in 1995. From 1997 to 2000, Alley played the title character in the NBC sitcom Veronica's Closet, as well as serving as executive producers on the show, she served as the spokesperson for Pier One from 2000 to 2004, for Jenny Craig from 2005 to 2008. TV Land aired a sitcom that centered on Alley as a new parent, it was titled Kirstie, reunited her with former Cheers co-star Rhea Perlman and Seinfeld star Michael Richards. The series premiered on December 4, 2013, ran for one season before it was canceled, five months after ending its freshman run. In February 2011, Alley was announced as a contestant on Dancing with the Stars.
She was partnered with Maksim Chmerkovskiy. Their first dance, a cha-cha-cha, earned them the second-highest score, 23 points of a possible 30. In May and Chmerkovskiy performed their final dance a cha-cha-cha, which earned them a perfect score of 30 out of 30. Alley finished the competition behind NFL Super Bowl champion Hines Ward, she took part in the 15th season of Dancing with the Stars for a second chance to win the mirrorball trophy again with Maksim Chmerkovskiy. They were the seventh couple eliminated from the competition. Alley dated Bob Alley in high school, they married in 1970. Her husband had the same name as her father, they divorced seven years as their career paths diverged. Alley was married to her second husband, Parker Stevenson, on December 22, 1983, they divorced in 1997. Alley and Stevenson shared custody of William True and Lillie Price. In 2016, Alley became a grandmother, she has a house in Maine. Alley appeared on The Dr. Oz Show on September 17, 2012, where she admitted that she started gaining weight in late 2003.
Alley claimed she spent her whole life eating obsessively without gaining weight, only noticed a change i
Paul Edward Valentine Giamatti is an American actor and producer. He first garnered attention for his breakout role in Private Parts as Kenny "Pig Vomit" Rushton, which led to him playing more supporting roles such as Sergeant Hill in Saving Private Ryan, Bob Zmuda in Man on the Moon and John Maxwell in Big Momma's House, he won acclaim for his leading roles as Harvey Pekar in American Splendor, Miles Raymond in Sideways and Mike Flaherty in Win Win while continuing to play supporting roles, like Joe Gould in Cinderella Man, which earned him a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, Chief Inspector Uhl in The Illusionist, Karl Hertz in Shoot'Em Up, Nicholas "Nick" Claus in Fred Claus, Tom Duffy in The Ides of March, Theophilus Freeman in 12 Years a Slave, Ralph in Saving Mr. Banks, Eugene Landy in Love & Mercy, Dr. Lawrence Hayes in San Andreas and Jerry Heller in Straight Outta Compton, he played the titular character in the HBO miniseries John Adams, which earned him a Golden Globe Award, a Primetime Emmy Award and Screen Actors Guild Award.
He stars as U. S. Attorney Chuck Rhoades Jr. in the Showtime television series Billions. Giamatti was born June 6, 1967, in New Haven, the youngest of three children, his father, Angelo Bartlett Giamatti, was a Yale University professor who became president of the university and commissioner of Major League Baseball. His mother, Toni Marilyn Giamatti, was a homemaker and English teacher who taught at Hopkins School and had previously acted, his paternal grandfather's family were Italian emigrants from Telese Terme. The rest of Giamatti's ancestry is German, English, French and Scottish, his paternal grandmother had deep roots in New England. His brother, Marcus, is an actor. Giamatti was first educated at The Foote School and graduated from Choate Rosemary Hall in 1985, he attended Yale University. He was active in the undergraduate theater scene, working alongside fellow actors and Yale students Ron Livingston and Edward Norton, he graduated in 1989 with a bachelor's degree in English, went on to earn a Master of Fine Arts degree from the Yale School of Drama, where he studied with Earle R. Gister.
He performed in numerous theatrical productions, including Broadway and a stint from 1989 to 1992 with Seattle's Annex Theater, before appearing in some small television and film roles in the early 1990s. In 1997, Giamatti landed in his first high-profile role as Kenny "Pig Vomit" Rushton in the film adaptation of Howard Stern's Private Parts. Stern praised Giamatti's performance on his radio program, calling for him to be nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. In 1998, Giamatti appeared in a number of supporting roles in the big-budget films, The Truman Show, Saving Private Ryan and The Negotiator. In 1999, he played Bob Zmuda and Tony Clifton in Miloš Forman's Andy Kaufman biopic, Man on the Moon. Giamatti continued working during the early 2000s by appearing in major studio releases including Big Momma's House, Planet of the Apes and Big Fat Liar. In 2003, Giamatti began to earn critical acclaim after his lead role in the film American Splendor. In 2004, Giamatti gained mainstream recognition and fame with the 2004 independent romantic comedy Sideways.
His portrayal of a depressed writer vacationing in the Santa Barbara wine country garnered him a Golden Globe nomination and an Independent Spirit Award. Following the commercial success of Sideways, Giamatti appeared in Cinderella Man, for which he earned an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor, he was nominated for a Golden Globe and won the Screen Actors Guild Award for Best Supporting Actor - Motion Picture. In 2006, Giamatti was the lead in M. Night Shyamalan's Lady in the Water, a supernatural thriller, followed by the animated film The Ant Bully, Neil Burger's drama The Illusionist co-starring Edward Norton. Giamatti had his first major role in an action movie in the 2007 film Shoot'Em Up, while starring in The Nanny Diaries and Fred Claus. In 2008, Giamatti received an Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Miniseries or a Movie for his title performance in the 2008 HBO miniseries John Adams, as well as his first Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Miniseries or Television Film, earned a Screen Actors Guild award.
That same year, he starred in the independent film Pretty Bird, a fictionalized retelling about the drama behind the invention of a rocketbelt. Giamatti received his second Golden Globe win for Best Actor in a Motion Picture - Musical or Comedy for his role in the 2010 film, Barney's Version. Giamatti starred as the lead in the comedy-drama film Win Win, which earned positive reviews from critics; the same year he had small roles in The Hangover Part II and The Ides of March. In 2012, Giamatti became the voiceover actor for Liberty Mutual insurance commercials, he was the narrator for the PBS Nature episode An Original DUCKumentary. Giamatti produced and starred in John Dies at the End, based on the book of the same name, he had roles in the film Rock of Ages and Cosmopolis. In 2013, Giamatti returned to his alma mater, Yale University, to perform the title role in Shakespeare's Hamlet, for which he won rave reviews in a sold-out, modern dress stage production of the play at the Yale Repertory Theatre, in New Haven.
He had supporting roles in several films, including the animated Turbo and The Congress, as well as Parkland, Saving Mr. Banks, the critically acclaimed 12 Years a Sla
Julie Deborah Kavner is an American actress and voice actress. She first attracted notice for her role as Brenda Morgenstern, the younger sister of Valerie Harper's title character in the sitcom Rhoda, for which she won a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series, she is best known for her voice role as Marge Simpson on the animated television series The Simpsons. She voices other characters for the show, including Marge's mother, Jacqueline Bouvier, sisters Patty and Selma Bouvier. Known for her improvisation and distinctive "honeyed gravel voice", Kavner was cast in her first professional acting role as Brenda Morgenstern in Rhoda in 1974, she received four Primetime Emmy Award nominations for playing the character, winning the award in 1978, the year that the series ended. Starting in 1987, Kavner started appearing on The Tracey Ullman Show; the Tracey Ullman Show included a series of animated shorts about a dysfunctional family. Voices were needed for the shorts, the producers asked Kavner to voice Marge.
The shorts were spun off into The Simpsons. Kavner has been described as "nearly reclusive". For her work as Marge, Kavner received another Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Voice-Over Performance in 1992 and an Annie Award nomination for her performance as the character in The Simpsons Movie. Cast as a "woman, supportive, sympathetic or self-effacingly funny", Kavner grew to dislike playing such roles. In 1992, she starred in This Is her first leading role in a feature film. Kavner has appeared in live-action roles in six films written by Woody Allen and in the Adam Sandler comedy Click. Kavner was born in Los Angeles, California, on September 7, 1950, the second daughter of Rose, a family counselor, David Kavner, a furniture manufacturer, grew up in Southern California, her family is Jewish. She decided to pursue a career in acting because "There was nothing else I wanted to do, ever", she attended Beverly Hills High School, where she was "something of a loner", unsuccessfully tried out for several plays.
John Ingle the chairman of the Beverly Hills High School art department commented that Kavner was "excellent at improvisation, but she wasn't an ingenue and not that castable at that age". After graduating from high school, Kavner attended San Diego State University and majored in drama, being cast in several productions including a role as Charlotte Corday in Marat/Sade, becoming known for her improvisation and ability to do both comedy and drama. After graduating in 1971, she got a day job as a typist at the UCLA School of the Arts and Architecture. In 1973, Kavner auditioned for a role as one of Rhoda Morgenstern's sisters in The Mary Tyler Moore Show. David Davis, producer of the show, had convinced her to audition for the part, but decided to cast another actress instead. A year Rhoda Morgenstern became the leading character in a spin-off called Rhoda. Kavner was cast in her first professional acting role as Brenda Morgenstern, sister of the eponymous character. Rhoda ran on CBS from September 9, 1974, to December 1978.
She received four Primetime Emmy Award nominations for Outstanding Continuing Performance by a Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series for playing Brenda, winning in 1978. She received four Golden Globe Award nominations. In 1975, she received Daytime Emmy Award nomination for her starring role in the daytime special The Girl Who Couldn't Lose. Following Rhoda, Kavner had a guest appearance on Taxi and appeared in the 1985 comedy Bad Medicine as well as the 1987 film Surrender, both of which were box office failures, she appeared in the television movies Revenge of the Stepford Wives, No Other Love and A Fine Romance, shot a television pilot. She starred in several stage plays, including a play called It Had to Be You at a dinner theater in Canada, Particular Friendships in New York City in 1981, Two for the Seesaw, directed by Burt Reynolds. Woody Allen first saw Kavner one night, he thought that she was remarkable and offered her a role in his 1986 film Hannah and Her Sisters. Kavner agreed, credits Allen and the film with rejuvenating her career.
Kavner was cast as a sidekick to Tracey Ullman in The Tracey Ullman Show, which debuted on Fox in 1987. Kavner described the show as, "like being back in school, a chance to play a wide variety of characters, some vicious people, to not rest on laurels, to not play it safe". Kavner commented, "What I do is not more of an assimilation. We did a lot of looking at people to find out. We did our homework on our lunch hour." She received four Primetime Emmy Award nominations for Best Individual Performance in a Variety or Music Program. Kavner became most famous for her role as Marge Simpson on the animated television show The Simpsons, a show that continues to the present; the Tracey Ullman Show included a series of animated shorts about the dysfunctional Simpson family. Voices were needed for the shorts, so the producers decided to ask Kavner and fellow cast member Dan Castellaneta to voice Marge and Homer rather than hire more actors. Kavner has what Hilary de Vries of The New York Times described as a "honeyed gravel voice".
Kavner says her distinctive voice is due to "a bump on vocal cords". Although Marge is her most famous character, Kavner's favorite characters to voice are Marge's sisters Patty and Selma Bouvier because "they're funny and sad at the same time". Series creator Matt Groening instructed Kavner to voice the duo as characters who "suck the li
Heywood "Woody" Allen is an American director, writer and comedian whose career spans more than six decades. He began his career as a comedy writer in the 1950s, writing jokes and scripts for television and publishing several books of short humor pieces. In the early 1960s, Allen began performing as a stand-up comedian, emphasizing monologues rather than traditional jokes; as a comedian, he developed the persona of an insecure, fretful nebbish, which he maintains is quite different from his real-life personality. In 2004, Comedy Central ranked Allen fourth on a list of the 100 greatest stand-up comedians, while a UK survey ranked Allen as the third-greatest comedian. By the mid-1960s, Allen was writing and directing films, first specializing in slapstick comedies before moving into dramatic material influenced by European art cinema during the 1970s, alternating between comedies and dramas to the present, he is identified as part of the New Hollywood wave of filmmakers of the mid-1960s to late 1970s.
Allen stars in his films in the persona he developed as a standup. Some of the best-known of his over 50 films are Annie Hall, Manhattan and Her Sisters, Crimes and Misdemeanors. In 2007 he said Stardust Memories, The Purple Rose of Cairo, Match Point were his best films. Critic Roger Ebert described Allen as "a treasure of the cinema". Allen has received many honors throughout his career, he has won four Academy Awards: three for one for Best Director. He garnered nine British Academy Film Awards, his screenplay for Annie Hall was named the funniest screenplay by the Writers Guild of America in its list of the "101 Funniest Screenplays". In 2011, PBS televised the film biography Woody Allen: A Documentary on the American Masters TV series. In 1992 Dylan Farrow accused Allen of molesting her, an accusation he has denied; the accusation gained new life with the rise of the Me Too movement. In 2019 Amazon canceled the release of his film A Rainy Day in New York, filmed in 2017. Allen is suing Amazon for breach of contract for $68 million.
He is shooting a film in Spain. Allen was born Allan Stewart Konigsberg in the Brooklyn borough of New York City, he and his sister, were raised in Midwood, Brooklyn. He is the son of Nettie, a bookkeeper at her family's delicatessen, Martin Konigsberg, a jewelry engraver and waiter, his family was Jewish, his grandparents immigrated to the US from Russia and Austria and spoke Yiddish and German. Both of Allen's parents were raised on the Lower East Side of Manhattan, his childhood was not happy. Allen spoke German quite a bit in his early years, he would joke that when he was young he was sent to inter-faith summer camps. While attending Hebrew school for eight years, he went to Public School 99 and to Midwood High School, where he graduated in 1953. Unlike his comic persona, he was more interested in baseball than school and his strong arms ensured he was first to be picked for a team, he impressed students with his extraordinary talent with magic tricks. For pay, he wrote jokes for agent David O. Alber.
At the age of 17, he changed his name to Heywood Allen and began to call himself Woody Allen. According to Allen, his first published joke read: "Woody Allen says he ate at a restaurant that had O. P. S. Prices—over people's salaries." He was earning more. After high school, he attended New York University, studying communication and film in 1953, before dropping out after failing the course "Motion Picture Production", he left before the end of the first semester. He taught himself rather than studying in the classroom, he taught at The New School and studied with writing teacher Lajos Egri.p.74 Allen began writing short jokes when he was 15, the following year began sending them to various Broadway writers to see if they'd be interested in buying any. He began going by the name "Woody Allen". One of those writers was Abe Burrows, coauthor of Guys and Dolls, who wrote, "Wow! His stuff was dazzling." Burrows wrote Allen letters of introduction to Sid Caesar, Phil Silvers, Peter Lind Hayes, who sent Allen a check for just the jokes Burrows included as samples.
As a result of the jokes Allen mailed to various writers, he was invited age 19, to join the NBC Writer's Development Program in 1955, followed by a job on The NBC Comedy Hour in Los Angeles. He was hired as a full-time writer for humorist Herb Shriner earning $25 a week, he began writing scripts for The Ed Sullivan Show, The Tonight Show, specials for Sid Caesar post-Caesar's Hour, other television shows.p.111 By the time he was working for Caesar, he was earning $1,500 a week. He worked alongside Mel Brooks, Carl Reiner, Larry Gelbart, Neil Simon, he worked with Danny Simon, whom Allen credits for helping form his writing style. In 1962 alone he estimated. Allen wrote for the Candid Camera television show, appeared in some episodes, he wrote jokes for the Buddy Hackett sitcom Stanley and for The Pat Boone Chevy Showroom, in 1958 he co-wrote a few Sid Caesar specials with Larry Gelbart. After writing for many of television's leading comedians and comedy shows, All
Tobias Vincent Maguire is an American actor and film producer. He gained recognition for his role as Peter Parker / Spider-Man in Sam Raimi's Spider-Man trilogy, his other major films include Pleasantville, The Cider House Rules, Wonder Boys, The Good German and The Great Gatsby. He was nominated for the Screen Actors Guild and Golden Globe Awards, received two Saturn Awards, including one for Best Actor, he established his own production company in 2012 called Material Pictures, co-produced Good People that same year. In 2014, he starred as Bobby Fischer in Pawn Sacrifice. Tobias Vincent Maguire was born in Santa Monica, California, on June 27, 1975, the son of Wendy, a secretary turned screenwriter and film producer, Vincent Maguire, a construction worker and cook, he has four half-brothers. He is of one eighth Puerto Rican descent, his parents, 18 and 20 years old, were unmarried at the time of his birth. Maguire spent much of his childhood moving from town to town, living with each parent and other family members.
During his childhood, Maguire entertained the idea of becoming a chef and wanted to enroll in a home economics class as a sixth grader. His mother offered him $100 to take a drama class instead, he agreed; the transient nature of his school years began to take a toll on Maguire and after another relocation for his freshman year, he dropped out of high school and did not return. Instead, he pursued an acting career. By 2000, he had obtained his GED. Maguire's first appearance in a feature film was in 1989's The Wizard, he had no lines. He worked as a child actor in the early 1990s playing roles much younger than his chronological age, as late as 2002 he was still playing teenagers while in his mid-20s, he appeared in a variety of commercials and TV and movie roles, working opposite such actors as Chuck Norris, Roseanne Barr, Tracey Ullman. He was cast as the lead in the FOX TV series Great Scott!, cancelled five weeks later. During many of his auditions, Maguire found himself auditioning for roles opposite another rising actor, Leonardo DiCaprio.
The pair became friends and made an informal pact to help each other get parts in their movies/TV shows/other projects. For example, both auditioned for the same part in the 1990 TV series based on the 1989 comedy Parenthood. DiCaprio was cast, Maguire got a guest role at least on DiCaprio's recommendation; the same scenario played itself out during casting for the 1993 movie This Boy's Life. By the mid-1990s, he was working but was becoming involved in the hard-partying lifestyle of some of his fellow young actors. In 1995, he requested director Allan Moyle to release him from his part in the movie Empire Records. Moyle agreed, all of Maguire's scenes were deleted from the final film. Maguire sought help for a drinking problem from Alcoholics Anonymous; as part of his recovery from alcoholism and learning to deal with his self-described "addictive and compulsive nature", Maguire changed his career path to obtain roles where he and DiCaprio would not always be in competition for the same part, the move paid off when given the role of Paul Hood, a teenage boarding school student whose narration anchors the action, in Ang Lee's 1997 film, The Ice Storm.
This led to a variety of lead roles in films such as Pleasantville, The Cider House Rules, Wonder Boys. In the 1998 film Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas he portrayed a hitchhiker who meets Raoul Duke and Dr. Gonzo during their drive to Las Vegas. In Ride with the Devil, Maguire portrayed Jakob Roedel, opposite Jewel Kilcher. Here he played the son of a unionist German immigrant who joins his southern friends in the Missouri riders, avenging the atrocities committed against Missourians by Kansas Jayhawkers and redleggers. In 2001, Maguire took a role that featured his youthful-sounding voice, a beagle puppy named Lou, in the family movie Cats & Dogs. In 2002, Maguire starred based on the popular Marvel Comics superhero; the film made him into a star. He reprised the role in the sequels Spider-Man 2 and Spider-Man 3, has provided the voice of Spider-Man for the video game adaptations of the films. All three movies went on to be part of the highest-grossing movies each year, his performance as Spider-Man earned him some glowing reviews.
Mark Caro of the Chicago Tribune wrote that "with his big, soulful eyes, Maguire always has been able to convey a sense of wonder, his instinct for understatement serves him well here." Due to script and production complications, a proposed fourth Spider-Man movie did not materialize. Sony decided to reboot the franchise; the film, titled The Amazing Spider-Man, was released on July 3, 2012, with a different actor, Andrew Garfield playing the lead. Maguire had a lead role as the jockey John M. "Red" Pollard in Seabiscuit, about the famous racehorse Seabiscuit. In 2006, he starred in his first villainous role as Corporal Patrick Tully opposite George Clooney and Cate Blanchett in Steven Soderbergh's The Good German, based on the Joseph Kanon novel of the same name, he is a producer wh