Harold Theodore Spitznagel was an American architect from South Dakota. Spitznagel was best known for residential and institutional architecture, including the original Mount Rushmore visitor center, his styles included Prairie School, Art Deco, Moderne architecture. He graduated from the University of Pennsylvania, was posthumously inducted into the South Dakota Hall of Fame, has been called the "foremost 20th-century architect" of the state of South Dakota. Spitznagel was born in Sioux Falls, South Dakota, on December 7, 1896, to Mary and Charles Spitznagel, he graduated from Washington High School in 1916. For two years he attended the Art Institute of Chicago, earned his Bachelor of Architecture degree from the University of Pennsylvania in 1925. At school he won the American Institute of Architects and Arthur Spayd Brooke design awards. For a brief time after graduation, Spitznagel was an assistant instructor in architecture at the University of Pennsylvania. Spitznagel worked in Indianapolis for six months moved to Chicago.
There he was an architect first for Burnham Brothers Graven and Mayger, Schmidt and Erickson. The latter firm was influential in Chicago's Prairie School style of residential architecture. In 1930 at the beginning of the Great Depression, Spitznagel returned home to Sioux Falls and opened an office in the Western Surety Building on Eighth Street and Main Avenue, he remodeled this office into the Art Deco style. Spitznagel and his firms designed many buildings in South Dakota, in the 1930s through 1970s, his first work was residential and small retail, in 1936 the city commissioned him to design the Sioux Falls City Hall. This Moderne building included limestone plaques, granite carvings, frescoes and—controversially—no cornice. Spitznagel incorporated a significant amount of art in the building design, influenced by Palmer Eide of Augustana College. Spitznagel and Eide collaborated over the next decades on buildings such as Jehovah Evangelical Lutheran Church in Saint Paul, Minnesota. In the late 1930s, Senator Peter Norbeck asked Frank Lloyd Wright to submit a design for a new Custer State Park lodge.
Wright declined to participate. The park board chose Spitznagel's firm to design the lodge, which included rustic and Deco elements. During World War II, Spitznagel was Director of Housing for Sioux Falls Army Air Field. Spitznagel's mid-career was highlighted by institutional buildings: civic structures like city halls and post offices, arenas in Sioux Falls and Huron, high-profile park buildings for the Mount Rushmore National Memorial and Custer State Park; the Mission 66 Mount Rushmore visitor center was finished in 1957 in a collaboration with Cecil Doty, featured in the 1959 Alfred Hitchcock film North by Northwest. Spitznagel designed hotels, country clubs, movie theaters. Educational buildings were a particular specialty, Spitznagel was the architect for buildings on the campuses of the University of South Dakota, South Dakota State University, Augustana College, his firm took on many sacred architecture projects, including an award-winning church in Saint Paul, Minnesota: Jehovah Lutheran.
Spitznagel retired in June 1972 and died on April 26, 1975. Spitznagel served as president of the South Dakota chapter of the American Institute of Architects in 1954–1955 and vice president of the national organization from 1966 to 1970, his papers are in the archives of the University of Minnesota Libraries. Augustana College bestows a Harold Spitznagel Medal for Achievement in Art to students who demonstrate excellence in their field. Sioux Falls City Hall Peter Norbeck Visitor Center and Sylvan Lake Lodge, Custer State Park Sioux Falls residences Irving School and Lincoln High School addition in Sioux Falls.
Cosmopolitan localism is a social innovation approach to community development that seeks to link local and global communities through resilient infrastructures that bring production and consumption closer together, building on distributed systems.. Cosmopolitan localism fosters a global network of mutually supportive communities who share and exchange knowledge, skills, technology and resources; the approach seeks to foster a reciprocal relationship between the local and the global. Cosmopolitan localism aims to address problems that emerge from globalization—namely, the subsuming of local cultures and economies into a homogenised and unsustainable global system—while avoiding the pitfalls of localization, such as parochialism and isolationism. Italian social innovation scholar Ezio Manzini describes cosmopolitan localism as having the potential to generate a new sense of place. With cosmopolitan localism, places are not considered isolated entities, but nodes in short-distance and long-distance networks.
The short-distance networks generate and regenerate the local socio-economic fabric and the long-distance networks connect a particular community to the rest of the world. Cosmopolitan localism is topic of focus for transition designers who explore design-led societal transition toward more sustainable futures. Manzini, E. Small, Local and Connected: Resilient Systems and Sustainable Qualities in Design Observer
Rehab is the fourth studio album by Christian hip hop artist Lecrae. It was released on September 2010 on Reach Records. According to the Reach Records website, the album's "motto" is "The Christian life is an entrance into rehab." Centered on release and freedoms from inhibiting addictions and habits, Rehab is a conceptual album. Rehab is nominated for the Grammy Award for Rap Gospel Album at the 53rd Grammy Awards; the album was named the Best Album of 2010 in the "Best of 2010: Rapzilla.com's Staff Picks" awards, Lecrae was named Artist of the Year. The song "Background" and the album itself were nominated for Rap/Hip Hop Recorded Song of the Year and Rap/Hip Hop Album of the Year at the 42nd Annual GMA Dove Awards. In early 2010, Lecrae had been planning to name his next project "Rehab" although he had doubts about the name because Eminem released an album of a similar title. Despite this, Lecrae stuck with the original name, because "it made too much sense to not move forward with it." On August 3, 2010 Lecrae released.
Thought to be the first single of Rehab, Lecrae revealed on his Twitter that it is a theme song for a Christian camp called Kanakuk. A video was posted via Rapzilla on August 19, 2010 of Lecrae rapping a verse from the song "Walking on Water". According to Lecrae's blog, he will be in Southern Sudan at the time of the album's release so the "distractions of my life are stripped away and I'm left to focus on Jesus and his mission." He states. On his blog he encourages his fans to not only buy his album, but asks them to donate to causes in Sudan and provides a link for them to do so. On September 22, 2010 Rapzilla reported that the Rehab packaging comes with an advertisement which directs buyers to purchase another upcoming album, to be released on January 11, 2011, called Rehab: The Overdose; the whole Rehab album was revealed via a listening session on September 2010 on Rapzilla. Lecrae talks on the video about the concept of the album; the tracks "High", "Just Like You" and "Children of the Light" have been released as digital download singles on the iTunes Store.
The opening track on the album, "Check In", is about Christian "checking in" to "rehab". It introduces the concept of the album. Track number two, "Killa", is about how there are always two "women" luring humans—one is foolishness and one is wisdom. In "Killa", Lecrae explains how foolishness will "destroy you"; the next song, "Divine Intervention", is about the need for someone to intervene in addicts' lives to tell them that their actions affect others detrimentally. "Just Like You", one of the album's singles, is about. In the song, Lecrae conveys his desire to be modeled after Jesus Christ. Rehab received universally positive reviews. Rapzilla's Logan Remy gave Rehab a 4.5/5 rating, calling it "Lecrae's best project to date". He says "The introductory songs all the way to the ending is an incredible ride through the growth of Lecrae," and that "Lecrae is loud and clear in the music." DaSouth.com rated Rehab 4 stars out of 5. Kellus Hill commends the albums strong theme, its production, saying "production-wise the music is on point, maintains direction, is of the highest quality."
Michael Weaver of Jesus Freak Hideout rated the album 5/5 stars. He says, "Rehab is a fantastic album and is Lecrae's best to date topping Rebel. Lecrae is able to show that he is the best and most diverse rapper around." The review suggests to people who listen to hip hop to get this album going as far as saying, "This is hip hop perfection." The music website allmusic gave Rehab 4 of out 5 stars. He explains to readers that Rehab "begins with a Christian checking in to rehab and through a series of well-written, well-produced songs, tells the story of how he got there." The album debuted at No. 17 on the Billboard 200. Rapzilla reported that the debut week sales for Rehab were 25,864 units, about 15,000 more than Lecrae's previous album, Rebel. HipHopDX reported this figure at 28,000 units, ahead of Ice Cube's I Am the West, released on the same day; as of October 26, 2011, the album has sold 124,000 copies sold in the United States. The album was nominated for a Dove Award for Rap/Hip-Hop Album of the Year at the 42nd GMA Dove Awards, while the song "Background" was nominated for Rap/Hip-Hop Recorded Song of the Year.
The album was nominated for Rap Gospel Album at the 53rd Grammy Awards. Standard editionDeluxe editionSource: Credits for Rehab adapted from AllMusic. Steven Abramsamadu – composer Shy Amos - composer Tedashii Anderson – composer Williams Barefield – composer Benjamin "Benjah" Leroy Thom – guitar, producer, composer Ford Clay - guitar Kevin Burgess – composer Jeff Carruth – drums Cheesebeats – mixing, vocal arrangement Silent - mixing Chris Lee Cobbins – composer, vocals David Davidson – strings Justin Dillavou – composer Jonpaul Douglass – inside photo Torrance "Street Symphony" Esmond – composer, producer Tina Fears – composer, vocals Jared Foster – composer Abraham Gaskin – composer Marcus "FLAME" Gray – composer, engineer Warren Harris – composer Haley Hunt – vocals Derek "PRo" Johnson – composer, engineer Kajmir Royale – producer Amisho Lewis – composer Carlton Lynn – engineer, mixing Alex Medina – composer, producer Andy Mineo – composer, engineer Marlon Montgomery – composer Lecrae Moore – composer Jacob "Biz" Morris – composer, engineer Jon "JP" Parker – engineer Pastor AD3 – engineer Courtney Peebles – composer, engineer Joseph Prielozny – comp
N Dis Life is the final album of original music by Native Hawaiian-American singer Israel "Iz" Kamakawiwo'ole before his death, released in 1996. It reached #3 at Top World Music Albums. "Hiʻilawe" – 4:44 "In This Life" – 4:09 "Waiʻalae" – 2:43 "Starting All Over Again" – 3:59 "Living in a Sovereign Land" – 4:38 "ʻOpae E" – 4:09 "Aloha Kuʻu Pua" – 2:30 "Johnny Mahoe" – 4:54 "Lover of Mine" – 2:45 "Yokozuna" – 3:39 "Na Ka Pueo/Keyhole Hula" – 4:40 "The Fly" – 2:27
The frequency modulation radio broadcast band in Japan is 76-95 MHz. The 90-108 MHz section was used for television for VHF channels 1, 2 and 3 until the analog shutdown occurred on July 24, 2011; the narrowness of the Japanese band limits the number of FM stations that can be accommodated on the dial. In late 2013, the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications published a report proposing the expansion of the FM band to 95 MHz. Many stations, only available on the AM band were issued preliminary licenses to broadcast from 90-95 MHz; the first station to go on air in the expanded band was Nankai Broadcasting, which began test broadcasts on 91.7 FM on November 3, 2014. Many Japanese radios are designed to be capable of receiving both the Japanese FM band and the CCIR FM band, so that the same model can be sold within Japan or exported; the radio may cover 76 to 108 MHz, the frequency coverage may be selectable by the user, or during assembly the radio may be set to operate on one band by means of a specially-placed diode or other internal component.
Conventional analog-tuned radios may be marked with "TV Sound" in the 90-108 section. If these radios were sold in the US, for example, the 76-88 section would be marked TV sound for VHF channels 5 and 6, with the 88-108 section band as audio FM. Second-hand automobiles imported from Japan contain a radio designed for the Japanese FM band, importers fit a "converter" to down-convert the 87.5 to 108.0 MHz band to the frequencies that the radio can accept. In addition to showing an incorrect frequency, there are two other disadvantages that can result in undesired performance. Another problem is that RDS is not used in Japan, whereas most modern car radios available in Europe use this system; the converter may not allow pass-through of the MW band. A better solution is to replace the radio and antenna with ones designed for the country where the car will be used, but this can be difficult where custom-built radios are fitted. List of radio stations in Japan