Danish Emergency Management Agency
The Danish Emergency Management Agency is a Danish governmental agency under the Ministry of Defence. Its principal task is to manage an operational part who work out of six Emergency Management Centres, administrative and legalizing part, who supervises the national and municipal rescue preparedness and advises the authorities on matters of preparedness. DEMA works in structured co-operation with the EU, UN and several neighbouring countries. DEMA is capable of deploying abroad on request from an international organisation; the decision to render assistance is taken in co-counsel with the Danish Foreign Ministry. DEMA can give support in instances of natural disasters and accidents, technological events and crises and civil wars, it is able to react in acute situations and leave its home base within hours on smaller missions, have the ability to deploy a mobile hospital in only 24 hours. By the Danish Preparedness Act, which came into force on 1 January 1992, the former WW2 era wartime civil defense corps was changed into a peacetime "Emergency Management Agency", that could work in peacetime.
The Danish Emergency Management Agency was created out of the two agencies responsible for these former services, namely "Civilforsvarsstyrelsen" and "Statens Brandinspektion". The Civil Defence was created on 1 March 1938, as the State Civil Air Defence and was under the responsibility of the Ministry of the Interior; the name Civil Defence dates from the first Civil Defence law of 1 April 1949. The municipal fire services and the Governmental Fire Inspection Agency was under the Ministry of Justice; the new Danish Emergency Management Agency came under the responsibility of Ministry of the Interior, however as of 1 February 2004 it is under the Ministry of Defence. By means of a number of political agreements supported by the parties in the Danish Parliament, the rescue preparedness has been continuously developed and adapted to the changing demands made by the society and the changes in the security-policy situation; when the Civil Air Defense was created the vehicles were old gray trucks, this truck-color was kept for many years.
The uniform of the Civil Air Defense, the Civil Defense was kept gray, with orange shoulders and blue triangles - The international icon for civil protection. The vehicles were painted orange to show that it is a true Civil Defense agency and still are this color - Denmark being one of the only nations left still using the Civil Defense colors and logo to this extent; the uniforms were modernized in the year 2000, the old gray uniform was replaced by a new dark blue uniform, called M/2000. The uniform has been edited sometimes, a new rescue-uniform was created in 2009 for USAR teams; the M/2000 is being replaced by a new uniform under development. When on international deployment the DEMA uses discrete civilian clothing in a sand/brown color. Experiences have shown that the dark blue uniform may be mistaken as military or police in other countries, this has given some unfortunate situations; the only current deployment where the uniform is used is the UNIFIL deployment in Lebanon, where a special uniform has been developed for the hot climate.
Although DEMA hasn't been called Civil Defense for more than 15 years, the general public still refers to it as the Civil Defense, a lot don't know what DEMA is. The primary firefighting work in Denmark are done by municipal fire departments and all municipalities are required by law to have a fire department. Before 1992 the municipal fire department were controlled by "Statens Brandinspektion", but with the law-change in 1992 the responsibility was given to the Civil Preparedness Division of DEMA; the municipalities does not have to do the firefighting themselves, a large part of the fire department services are done by the private firm Falck A/S. The agency has a staff of some 600 people. About 170 of these are employed in the central Emergency Management Agency in Birkerød; the rest are employed at two schools. It is possible to do conscription-service for the Danish military in the operational section of DEMA and the agency has around 450 conscripts every 9 months. Unlike the military where the normal service length is 4 months and there are no operational tasks, conscription service in DEMA is 9 months in length.
The conscripts are made part of the national emergency response after 1 month of service and are participation in firefighting and rescue operations. The conscripts get a full firefighters education and are trained in the following fields: Firefighting Rescue and USAR Advanced first aid, patient assessment and treatment Communications Heavy vehicle usage HAZMATThe Emergency Management Centers are located all over the country and every part of the country can be reached within one hour of receiving the alarm; the centers are located in: Beredskabsstyrelsen Nordjylland Beredskabsstyrelsen Midtjylland Beredskabsstyrelsen Sydjylland Beredskabsstyrelsen Sjælland Beredskabsstyrelsen Bornholm Beredskabsstyrelsen Hedehusene The primary function
Home Guard Command (Denmark)
Home Guard Command, is the Danish Home Guard's top authority and is a level one authority reporting directly to the Ministry of Defence. The Home Guard is a volunteer military organization offering a permanent state of readiness; the task of the Home Guard is to support the armed forces - nationally as well as internationally. In addition to this, the Home Guard supports the police, the emergency services, other civilian authorities; the Home Guard contributes internationally with guard duty, build-up of military capacity, support to civilian reconstruction. The Home Guard has a combined civilian leadership; the Commanding General of the Home Guard is responsible for the training and posting of units and managing the Home Guard. The Commissioner of the Home Guard is responsible for recruitment and the public support to the Home Guard in Denmark and general defence in the Danish community. In times of tension and war the Danish Defence Command assume command over the activated Home Guard units.
Until 2014, the Home Guard Command was located at Generalstok in Copenhagen. It was temporarily relocated to Søkvæsthuset in central Copenhagen. From August 2015, it will be placed at Vordingborg Barracks
Ministry of Defence (Denmark)
The Danish Ministry of Defence is a ministry in the Danish government. It is charged with overall planning and strategic guidance of the entire area of responsibility of the Danish Defence minister, including the armed forces and the emergency management sector, it is the secretariat of the Danish Defence Minister. It is the administrator of the easternmost land in Denmark, the small archipelago, whose administrator is employed by the ministry; the Ministry of Defence was established following the Danish defence law of May 27, 1950, about the central structure of the military of Denmark. This combined the two previous ministries; the Minister of Defence had been created in 1905 as the head of both ministries, though still with branch chiefs as administrators. This new Ministry can though trace its history back to 1660, when King Frederick III established a War collegium for the Army to in both war- and peacetime to administer the Army. A similar command had been created for the Navy, the Admiralty of 1655.
The War collegium changed name to Krigskancelliet in 1679 and to Generalitets- og Kommisariatskollegiet. The day after the de facto end to absolute monarchy in Denmark, March 21, 1848, Anton Frederik Tscherning became the first War minister of Denmark, with the Generalitets- og Kommisariatskollegiet changing name into the Ministry of War on March 25, 1848. Adam Wilhelm Moltke became the first Marine minister, while the Admiralty changed into the Marine ministry on April 21, 1848. Defence Command Royal Danish Defence College Danish Armed Forces Health Services Danish Defence Acquisition and Logistics Organization Danish Defence Personnel Organisation Danish Defence Estates and Infrastructure Organisation Home Guard Command Defence Intelligence Service Judge Advocate Corps Defence Financial Management Agency Emergency Management Agency Administration of Conscientious Objector List of Danish government ministries
Royal Life Guards (Denmark)
The Royal Life Guards is a mechanized infantry regiment of the Danish Army, founded in 1658 by King Frederik III. The primary task is to provide a number of soldiers from the Guard Company to serve as a guard/ceremonial unit to the Danish monarchy, while training the Royal Guards for various functions in the mobilisation force; until its disbandment, the Royal Horse Guards, served the role as the mounted guard/ceremonial unit, afterwards the role was taken over by Guard Hussar Regiment Mounted Squadron. During the time period 1684-1867, the Royal Life Guards were called The Royal Foot Guard, in order to distinguish between the regiment and the Royal Horse Guards; the regiment itself has three battalions, the Guard Company and a Musical Corps: 1st Battalion – Founded 1658. Mechanized Infantry Battalion, part of 2nd Brigade. Plus Ultra 2nd Battalion – Founded 1867. Mechanized Infantry Battalion, part of 2nd Brigade. Vincere Volumus 3rd Battalion – Founded 1923. Training Battalion. Pro Regis Salute Guard Company - Founded 1659.
Ceremonial/guard unit. Royal Life Guard Music Band - Founded 1658. Musical unit. Disbanded units 4th Battalion – Founded 1961, Disbanded 2005. Infantry Battalion. 5th Battalion – Founded 2000, Disbanded 2005. Infantry Battalion. 6th Battalion – Founded 2000, Disbanded 2005. Infantry Battalion. 7th Battalion – Founded 2000, Disbanded 2005. Infantry Battalion; the Royal Life Guards provide a permanent guard at the Amalienborg Palace, Rosenborg Castle/garrison of the Royal Life Guards in Copenhagen and the garrison of Høvelte. On occasions guard is kept at Fredensborg Palace, Marselisborg Palace, Gråsten Palace, Christiansborg Palace and other locations inside the Danish realm; the review order uniform of the Royal Life Guards, worn while they are on guard duty, consists of bearskin headdresses, dark blue tunics and light blue trousers with white stripes. The ceremonial uniform, worn on special state occasions, substitutes a scarlet tunic for the dark blue; the bearskin is decorated with the regiment's bronze cap badge.
Symbolic infantry sabers are file. These were part of the spoils from the First Schleswig War of 1848–1851 and were derived from a French infantry weapon. United Kingdom – The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment – Bond of Friendship Germany – Bundeswehr Guard Hussar Regiment Guard Hussar Regiment Mounted Squadron Royal Horse Guards Brammer, G.. Livgarden 1658-1908. Copenhagen. Gram-Andersen, J.. Den Kongelige Livgarde 325 år - perioden 1958-1983. Copenhagen. Gram-Andersen, J.. Livgardens Kaserne & Rosenborg Eksercerplads 200 år. Copenhagen. Lövenskiold, C. L.v. Efterretninger om Den Kongelige Livgarde til Fods. Copenhagen. Thaulow, Th.. Livgarden 1908-1933. Copenhagen. Thaulow, Th.. Livgarden gennem 300 år. Copenhagen. Official Site Den Kongelige Livgardes Musikkorps
Royal Danish Air Force
The Royal Danish Air Force is the aerial warfare force of Denmark and one of the four branches of the Danish Defence. Being components of the Army and the Navy, it was made a separate service in 1950, it main purpose is to serve as enforcer of Danish airspace and to provide air support to Danish group troops on the battlefield. The Royal Danish Air Force was formed as a military service independent from the army and navy in 1950 from the merger of the Danish Army Air Corps founded on 2 July 1912 and the Danish Naval Air Service, founded on 14 December 1911. All military aviation had been prohibited during the Nazi occupation from 1940 to 1945 and so as of V-E Day the Danish armed forces had no aircraft, but the Luftwaffe had built or expanded air bases in Denmark; the air force was led by Lieutenant General C. C. J. Førslev, who had served as a colonel in the army and as first commander of the Danish Army Air Corps; the national command was located at Værløse Air Base which served as Command East, while Command West was located at Karup in central Jutland.
Royal Air Force volunteer and former member of the Free Norwegian Forces in England, Kaj Birksted, was appointed chief of the flying staff. The rivalries and mutual disrespect between the established officer Førslev, who had never been in air combat himself, the experienced fighter ace Birksted led to a series of misunderstandings which delayed the operationalization of the air force. Further, the East and West commands lacked experience and knowledge of the newly delivered Gloster Meteor and F-84 Thunderjet aircraft; the Danish armed forces received 38 surplus Supermarine Spitfire H. F. Mk. IXE and 3 P. R. Mk. XI in 1947-48 plus four additional airframes for ground instruction, which were operated by units of the Hærens Flyvertropper and Marinens Flyvevæsen prior to their merger, by the Royal Danish Air Force until 1956, when the last examples were retired and all but two scrapped. One survived for a number of years in a children's playground; the one surviving instructional airframe was restored to depict the number'401' Spitfire Mk.
IX. This airplane is now preserved at Dansk Veteranflysamling at Stauning Airfield in Jylland. Pilot training was based at Avnø from May 1946 until 1951, when the school were transferred to the U. S. under the "Military Assistance Programme". The school at Avnø continued to conduct tests to choose the candidates for the American training programme. In 1947 the RDAF established a school for aircraft mechanics, based at Værløse Air Base. In 1951, the RDAF officers school was inaugurated at Rungstedlund north of Copenhagen, while airmen were educated at Værløse; the air force received six F-84E Thunderjet and 238 F-84G Thunderjet as military aid from the US, formed five new squadrons at Karup Air Base from 1952 to 1954. The rapid expansion caused problems as neither two-seaters nor flight simulators were available, causing 89 crashed F-84's and 40 pilot casualties; some casualties were due to the lack of experience in the newly formed air force while others stemmed from the tactics introduced by American WWII and Korean War-veterans based on fast and low flying attacks to avoid anti-aircraft fire.
To avoid further casualties the air force established a training squadron of two-seated T-33As in 1956 to train US-educated pilots to navigate under local weather conditions. Furthermore, Eskadrille 722 was changed to function as rescue squadron in 1956 and was strengthened by seven Sikorsky S-55 helicopters in 1957. Air Chief Marshal Hugh Saunders from Royal Air Force was employed in 1954 to reorganize the air force which led to the merger of Command East and West, forming Flyvertaktisk Kommando with the initial mission to lower the number of crashes during training. In 1962 the Royal Danish Army's four SAM batteries based on Nike missiles were transferred to the air force, they were to defend Copenhagen against Soviet ballistic missiles and high altitude bombers and based as Eskadrille 531 in Gunderød, Eskadrille 532 at Kongelunden on Amager, Eskadrille 533 in Sigerslev and Eskadrille 534 in Tune. In 1965 four batteries of Hawk missiles were deployed close to the Nike batteries to protect them from low altitude aircraft.
In the 1960s and 1970s the RDAF operated a number of US financed Lockheed F-104G Starfighters, North American F-100D and F-100F Super Sabres, several other types. In 1971 the Danish army created the Royal Danish Army Flying Service as the first air-unit outside the air force, since its creation in 1950, it had piston-engined artillery spotting aeroplanes. In 1977 the Danish Naval Air Squadron was extracted from squadron 722 to the Danish navy, it had ship-based helicopters. In a joint arms purchase four NATO countries: Denmark, Norway and Belgium introduced the General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon as their common strike fighter in January 1980; the F-16 was bought by additional NATO countries and Turkey, the United States of America a NATO member operates the F-16. In 1982 the number of fighter aircraft was reduced by 12 units. General Dynamics F-16 is introduced to replace the F-100 and the F-104G; the Royal Danish Naval Air Service is strengthened by eight Westland Lynx Mk. 80 from 1980, replacing the Alouette III helicopters.
As a supplement to the Greenland-based C-130's the air force purchases three Gulfstream G-III. In 1990 the Danish Army Air Corps purchases 12 Eurocopter Fennec lightweight attack helicopters to strengthen capabilities to perform expeditionary mission; the helicopters were transferred to RDAF in 2003. In 1992 during the Yugoslavian civil wars, the RDAF C-1
Defence Judge Advocate Corps (Denmark)
Military Prosecution Service or Judge Advocate General’s Corps is a Danish independent military prosecutor and the legal branch of the Danish military. It is a Level. I is under the Ministry of Defence; the Judge Advocate General heads the Defence Judge Advocate Corps. It is located at Kastellet in Copenhagen; the Judge advocate General and Judge advocates are members of the military system, but outside the military rank system. The Chief of Defence, otherwise the commander of all Danish military personal, does not have authority over Judge advocates prosecutors. In a military criminal case the Defence Judge Advocate Corps conducts investigation and decides whether or not a charge should be brought up. Judge Advocate General http://fauk.dk
Kongens Lyngby is the seat and commercial centre of Lyngby-Taarbæk Municipality in the northern suburbs of Copenhagen, Denmark. Lyngby Hovedgade is a busy shopping street and the site of a branch of Magasin du Nord as well as Lyngby Storcenter; the district is home to several major companies, including COWI A/S, Bang & Olufsen, ICEpower a/s and Microsoft. Lyngby station is located on the Hillerød radial of Copenhagen's S-train network. Kongens Lyngby borders: Brede; the name Kongens Lyngby is first recorded in 1893. At that time large parts of North Zealand belonged to the Catholic Church (represented by Roskilde Cathedral and the name Lyngby was associated with several places. Store Lyngby belonged to Arresø church. "Our" Lyngby, on the other hand, was crown land. It may therefore have been to distinguish it from these other places; the original Lyngby village is now known as Bondebyen. Kongens Lyngby was the site of a watermill, Lyngby Watermill, first mentioned in 1492 but is several hundred years older.
A royal road, Lyngby Kongevej, was created in 1584 to provide an easy link between Copenhagen and Frederick's new Frederiksborg Castle from where it was extended to Fredensborg and Helsingør. It was the first of a number of royal roads created by Frederick II and his successor Christian IV. In the 18th century, a growing number of country houses were built in the area by civil servants and merchants from Copenhagen. Kongens Lyngby had no market rights but developed into a local service centre with an increasing number of craftsmen and merchants; the North Line came to Lyngby in 1863 and was extended to Helsingør in 1864,This enabled citizens from Copenhagen to settle permanently in the area. Several factories opened in the area, including Christian Hasselbalck's curtain factory in 1892 which became the town's largest employer. In the 1930s, Kongens Lyngby developed into a modern suburb; the North Line was converted into an S-train line with more stations and Kongens Lyngby merged with the neighboring settlements.
Kongens Lyngby is the important shopping destination in the northern suburbs. Lyngby Hovedgade is a busy shopping site and is the site of a Magasin du Nord as well as Lyngby Storcenter. Jeanette Ottesen, swimmer Lars Von Trier, director Nikolaj Coster-Waldau, actor Lyngby station Open Air Museum