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A defendant is a person accused of committing a crime in criminal prosecution or a person against whom some type of civil relief is being sought in a civil case. Terminology varies from one jurisdiction to another. For example, Scots law does not use the term "defendant". In a criminal trial, a defendant is a person accused of committing an offense; the other party to a criminal trial is a public prosecutor, but in some jurisdictions, private prosecutions are allowed. Criminal defendants are taken into custody by police and brought before a court under an arrest warrant. Criminal defendants are obliged to post bail before being released from custody. For serious cases, such as murder, bail is refused. Defendants must be present at every stage of the proceedings against them. If more than one person is accused, the people may be referred as "co-defendant" or "co-conspirator" in British and Common-Law courts. In some jurisdictions, vulnerable defendants may be able to get access of services of a Non-Registered Intermediary to assist with communication at court.

In a civil lawsuit, a defendant is the accused party, although not of an offense, but of a civil wrong. The person who starts the civil action through filing a complaint is referred to as the plaintiff. Defendants in civil actions make their first court appearance voluntarily in response to a summons. Civil defendants could be taken into custody under a writ of Caspian ad respondent. Modern-day civil defendants are able to avoid most court appearances if represented by a lawyer. Most and familiarly, defendants are persons: either natural persons or juridical persons under the legal fiction of treating organizations as persons, but a defendant may be an object, in which case the object itself is the direct subject of the action. When a court has jurisdiction over an object, it is said to have jurisdiction in rem. An example of an in rem case is United States v. Forty Barrels and Twenty Kegs of Coca-Cola, where the defendant was not The Coca-Cola Company itself, but rather "Forty Barrels and Twenty Kegs of Coca-Cola".

In current US legal practice, in rem suits are asset forfeiture cases, based on drug laws, as in USA v. $124,700. Defendants can set up an account to pay for legal expenses; these legal defense funds can have large membership counts. The fund can be public or private and is set up for individuals, organizations, or a particular purpose; these funds are used by public officials, civil-rights organizations, public-interest organizations. "defendant" was a legal term for a person prosecuted for misdemeanour. It was not applicable to a person prosecuted for felony. Attribution Criminal procedure Trial

East Mikwam River

The East Mikwam River is a tributary of the Mikwam River, flowing into the Cochrane District, in the north-east of Ontario, in Canada. Forestry is the main economic activity of the sector; the west side of this slope is served by Ontario road 652. The surface of the river is frozen from early November to mid-May, safe ice movement is from mid-November to the end of April; the adjacent hydrographic slopes of the East Mikwam River are: North side: Mikwam River, Burntbush River, Lawagamau River. The East Mikwam River originates from a mountain stream. From its source, the East Mikwam River flows on 19.4 kilometres according to the following segments: 8.1 kilometres northwesterly, in Kenning Township, to the southern limit of Tomlinson Township. The confluence of the East Mikwam River is located in Newman Township at 42.7 kilometres west of the Ontario - Quebec border. The following names are of the same origin and are in the same area of the Cochrane District: Mikwam River, Little Mikwam River, East Mikwam River, Mikwam Lake, Little Mikwam Lake and Upper Mikwam Lake.

Mikwam River, a watercourse Burntbush River, a watercourse Turgeon River, a watercourse Harricana River, a watercourse James Bay Cochrane District List of rivers of Ontario

Super Bowl XX

Super Bowl XX was an American football game between the National Football Conference champion Chicago Bears and the American Football Conference champion New England Patriots to decide the National Football League champion for the 1985 season. The Bears defeated the Patriots by the score of 46–10, capturing their first NFL championship since 1963, three years prior to the birth of the Super Bowl. Super Bowl XX was played on January 1986 at the Louisiana Superdome in New Orleans; this was the fourth Super Bowl and, to date, the last time in which both teams made their Super Bowl debuts. The Bears entered the game after becoming the second team in NFL history to win 15 regular season games. With their then-revolutionary 46 defense, Chicago led the league in several defensive categories, outscored their opponents with a staggering margin of 456–198, recorded two postseason shutouts; the Patriots were considered a Cinderella team during the 1985 season, posted an 11–5 regular season record, but entered the playoffs as a wild card because of tiebreakers.

But defying the odds, New England posted three road playoff wins to advance to Super Bowl XX. In their victory over the Patriots, the Bears set or tied Super Bowl records for sacks, fewest rushing yards allowed, margin of victory. At the time, New England broke the record for the quickest lead in Super Bowl history, with Tony Franklin's 36-yard field goal 1:19 into the first quarter after a Chicago fumble, but the Patriots were held to negative yardage throughout the entire first half, finished with just 123 total yards from scrimmage, the second lowest total yards in Super Bowl history, behind the Minnesota Vikings in Super Bowl IX. Bears defensive end Richard Dent, who had 1.5 quarterback sacks, forced two fumbles, blocked a pass, was named the game's Most Valuable Player. The telecast of the game on NBC was watched by an estimated 92.57 million viewers. To commemorate the 20th Super Bowl, all previous Super Bowl MVPs were honored during the pregame ceremonies. NFL owners awarded the hosting of Super Bowl XX to New Orleans, Louisiana on December 14, 1982, at an owners meeting held in Dallas.

This was the sixth time. Tulane Stadium was the site of Super Bowls IV, VI, IX; as of 2019, Super Bowl XX remains the last Super Bowl to feature two teams both making their first appearance in the game. It was the fourth overall following Super Bowl I, Super Bowl III, Super Bowl XVI. Absent further expansion of the NFL, any future Super Bowl that would have such a combination would have to have the Detroit Lions playing either the Cleveland Browns, Houston Texans, or Jacksonville Jaguars in the game. All 16 NFC teams have played in an NFL championship game; the nation's recognition of the Bears' accomplishment was overshadowed by STS 51-L two days an event which caused the cancellation of the Bears' post-Super Bowl White House visit. Jim McMahon drew controversy after Super Bowl XXXI by wearing a Bears jersey to the Green Bay Packers' visit following their championship, owing to his first official visit never having happened at the time. Twenty-five years after the championship, surviving members of the team would be invited to the White House in 2011 by President Barack Obama, a Chicago native and Bears fan.

Under head coach Mike Ditka, who won the 1985 NFL Coach of the Year Award, the Bears went 15–1 in the regular season, becoming the second NFL team to win 15 regular season games, while outscoring their opponents with a staggering margin of 456–198. The Bears' defense, the "46 defense", allowed the fewest points, fewest total yards, fewest rushing of any team during the regular season, they led the league in interceptions and ranked third in sacks. Pro Bowl quarterback Jim McMahon provided the team with a solid passing attack, throwing for 2,392 yards and 15 touchdowns, while rushing for 252 yards and three touchdowns. Running back Walter Payton, the NFL's all-time leading rusher with 14,860 yards, rushed for 1,551 yards, he caught 49 passes for 500 yards, scored 11 touchdowns. Linebacker Mike Singletary won the NFL Defensive Player of the Year Award by recording three sacks, three fumble recoveries, one interception, but one of the most distinguishable players on defense was a large rookie lineman named William "The Refrigerator" Perry.

Perry came into training camp before the season weighing over 380 pounds. But after Bears defensive coordinator Buddy Ryan told the press that the team "wasted" their first round draft pick on him, Perry lost some weight and ended up being an effective defensive tackle, finishing the season with 5 sacks, he got more attention when Ditka started putting him in the game at the fullback position during offensive plays near the opponent's goal line. During the regular season, Perry rushed for 2 touchdowns, caught a pass for another touchdown, was a lead blocker for Payton during goal line plays; the Bears "46 defense" had the following impact players: On the defensive line, Pro Bowler and future Hall of Famer Richard Dent led the NFL in sacks with 17, while Pro Bowler and future Hall of Famer Dan Hampton recorded 6.5 sacks, nose tackle Steve McMichael compiled 8. In addition to Singletary, linebacker Otis Wilson had 10.5 sacks and 3 interceptions, while Wilber Marshall recorded 4 interceptions.

In the secondary, defensive back Leslie Frazier

Steve Jensen

Steven Allan Jensen is a former professional ice hockey player and owner and director of Heartland Hockey Camps. Jensen was an offensive player who appeared in 438 games in the National Hockey League from 1976–82. For the past 27 years, Jensen has served as founding owner and director of the Heartland Hockey Camp located in Deerwood, Minnesota and is now a full-time teaching professional with more than 30 years of instruction experience, including 12 years of experience playing International and NHL hockey, five U. S. National Teams, the 1976 Canada Cup, he is cousin with David Jensen and He is the uncle of Detroit Red Wings blue-liner Nick Jensen. As a hockey player, at Armstrong High School, in Plymouth, Jensen was an All-State performer. At the college level, he was a participant in 2 NCAA championship games, helping win the National Championship, in 1975, while playing at Michigan Tech. For two consecutive years, Jensen was named to the NCAA All-Tournament Team; as a freshman at MTU, Jensen was awarded the Matovich Top Student/Athlete Award Jensen started his professional career in his hometown with the Minnesota North Stars and in 1977, he helped make history, the Minnesota North Stars becoming the first team in NHL to have four rookies score 20 or more goals.

He played four years with the Los Angeles Kings, where he became only the fifth American in NHL history to score more than 100 career goals. During the 1980–81 and 1981-82 NHL seasons Jensen was the active leading goal scoring American in the NHL. Steve has experience in International hockey; as a member of the 1976 U. S. Olympic Hockey Team, he led the team in goal scoring with 52 goals. During the 1976 Olympic Games, in Innsbruck, Steve was tied with Russia's Vladimir Shadrin, with six goals in six games, to lead the tournament in goals scored. In 1983, Steve was a valuable member of the U. S. National Team, winning the World Ice Hockey Championships, in Tokyo, Japan. Jensen played four seasons playing and coaching in the professional leagues of Switzerland and Austria. During the 1983-84 Swiss-2 season, while playing for EVZ in Zug, Jensen became the only hockey player in Swiss history to score seven goals in a pro game. During his two seasons, as a player in Switzerland, he had 61 goals in 56 games.

During the 1976 World Ice Hockey Championships, in Katowice, Jensen led Team USA in scoring with four goals and five assists in nine games. Jensen was on the preliminary roster of the 1979 Team USA World Championship, in Vienna, Austria and 1981 Canada Cup teams, but declined the invitation, in order to operate his summer hockey camp business. NHL/WHA STANDARDOTHER STANDARD 1983 Assistant Coach, U. S. National Team, World Championships 1984 Austrian League, Head Coach for GSV in Graz, Austria 1985 Austrian League, Head Coach for ATSE in Graz, Austria 1992 Jr. B USA Hockey National Runners-up, Head Coach Heartland Winterhawks 1993 USA Hockey Festival Champions, Assistant Coach of Team West 2005 ACHA National Championship Runners-up, Head Coach FGCU 2006 1st Head Coach in ACHA history to lead a # 16 seed to victory over # 1 seed 2007 Led FGCU to their 4th consecutive ACHA National Tournament appearance 2007 Led all coaches in the college hockey ranks with 34 wins at FGCU 2008 Tier 1, USA Hockey UI8 State Champions, Coach of Everblades 2008 Tier 1, USA Hockey SE Regional Championship Runners-up, Coach of Everblades 2008 Tier 1, USA Hockey, Over 50 National Champions, Head Coach 2009 Tier 1, USA Hockey, Over 50 National Championship Runners-up, Head Coach 2010 Tier 1, USA Hockey, Over 50 National Champions, Head CoachJensen served USA Hockey for 17 years as a certified hockey official.

From 1985-98, he officiated over 1,500 USA youth hockey games. He serves as the Head Scout, of the USA Hockey SE Region, for the Aberdeen Wings, a member of the North American Hockey League. Jensen was the first Minnesota-born hockey player, he worked for CBS Sports as a color commentator during the 1976 Stanley Cup playoffs, had a brief appearance in the 1981 film Airplane II. In 1985, he became the first entrepreneur to own an ice arena in the state of Minnesota The Heartland Hockey Camp, which Jensen founded in 1985, was named Small Business Success Story, by Twin Cities Business Magazine, in 2009. Biographical information and career statistics from, or Legends of Hockey, or The Internet Hockey Database Jensen @ Steve Jensen's Heartland Hockey Camp Web Page

Black Widow (1954 film)

Black Widow is a 1954 DeLuxe Color mystery film in CinemaScope, with elements of film noir, written and directed by Nunnally Johnson and starring Ginger Rogers, Van Heflin, Gene Tierney, George Raft. Peter Denver is a renowned Broadway producer attending a party — hosted by the viciously haughty and celebrated actress Carlotta "Lottie" Marin and her quiet husband Brian Mullen — when he meets Nancy "Nanny" Ordway. Ordway is a naïve, 20-year-old, aspiring writer, who hopes to make it big in New York, she convinces a reluctant Denver to let her use his apartment to work during the day, while his wife, Iris a famous actress, is away, but with her permission. After the Denvers return from the airport and find Nancy hanging dead in their bathroom, a variety of people Ordway has met in New York begin to reveal deeper and darker connections with her. Lt. Bruce, the detective assigned to the case, soon discovers that this apparent suicide was in fact a homicide and believes that Denver, suspected of having an affair with Ordway, is the murderer.

Denver seeks clues to discover the real murderer. The case becomes cluttered when he and Lt. Bruce independently realize that Ordway's dealings in New York were not as innocent as her superficial personality. Ordway had stayed with an artist roommate, whose deceived brother she evidently agreed to marry, while staying for some time with her uncle. A series of flashbacks reveal that Ordway was craftily piecing together a scheme that would help her climb the social ladder and conceal the identity of an apparent secret lover, while falsely implicating Denver; this mysterious romance is confirmed by an autopsy, which reveals that Ordway was pregnant at the time of her death. Everyone Ordway knew is a suspect in the murder case, including Lottie Marin and Brian Mullen, who live in the same apartment building as the Denvers. In the end, Mullen can no longer keep quiet to his friend Peter Denver and reveals that he was Ordway's secret lover, but swears that he didn't kill her. Having bugged Mullen's apartment, Lt. Bruce charges Mullen with the homicide.

Marin admits she in fact strangled Ordway for having the affair with her husband and set up the killing to look like a suicide. 20th Century Fox bought the film rights to the novel in 1952. Studio head Darryl Zanuck assigned the project to Nunnally Johnson, who worked on it after writing the script for How to Marry a Millionaire. Johnson made his debut as director on Night People starring Gregory Peck, Peck was announced as the Black Widow male lead played - after passed on by William Holden - by Van Helflin. Johnson said the film would be the "All About Eve of suspense pictures."Nunnally Johnson had offered the role of flamboyant stage actress Carlotta Marin to flamboyant stage actress Tallulah Bankhead, Johnson's first choice for the role: Joan Crawford, not being interested: Bankhead declining the role as too small, it was offered to Ginger Rogers, Rogers being afforded top billing in Black Widow. Johnson's first choice for the role of Nanny Ordway: 20th Century Fox contractee Maggie McNamara, was cast in the role but soon sidelined by illness, with her Three Coins in the Fountain co-star Jean Peters being expected to replace her.

However the role of Nanny Ordway would in fact afford a brief cinematic combeback to former child star Peggy Ann Garner who Johnson had test for Black Widow on the recommendation of cinematographer Charles G. Clarke who, while overseeing location footage for Black Widow in New York City, had happened to cross paths with Garner whom he'd worked with on Junior Miss nine years earlier. Johnson did recruit gangster film icon George Raft to play against type as an investigating police officer: according to Johnson, Raft would show up on set word perfect and looking no older at age fifty-four than age thirty-nine; when the film was released, The New York Times film critic Bosley Crowther panned the screenplay and the actors, writing, "Black Widow, discovered at the Roxy yesterday, bears little or no resemblance to the recent local spider scourge, except that it is moderately intriguing and overplayed. It is an average whodunit, stretched out on the CinemaScope screen and performed by a fancy cast of actors so that it looks more important than it is...

The major fly in the ointment — or, should we say, in the web — is Peggy Ann Garner, playing the little Southern girl. Miss Garner's endeavors to give out with a rush of peach-blossom charm are beclouded with affectation, and the idea that she could be the greedy and ruthless little vixen, revealed is hard to believe... And the shrill and shoddy character that Ginger Rogers plays — a poison-tongued Broadway actress — is indifferently written and performed, it is asking a lot of an audience to believe. George Raft as a poker-faced detective acts with flat-toned indifference and Gene Tierney and Reginald Gardiner manage to live through their roles."Film critic Dennis Schwartz panned the film in 2011: "It's a flimsy story, apathetically written, poorly paced and overacted with shrill performances by both Ginger Rogers and Peggy Ann Garner. The B-film crime drama might have been better served as a cheapie production, with some of its filler scenes lopped off."Craig Butler, reviewing it for AllMovie, calls the film "entertaining" and notes that the "cinematography is stunning".

He refers to some "marvelous dialogue," noting "th

Debora (racing car)

Debora Racing cars is a small French car builder, popular with private racing teams, based in Besançon, France. Teams use their chassis to take part in Le Mans style endurance racing such as Magny Cours, Jarama and le Mans. Drivers tend to be French with Bruno Boccard and David Dusseau being two of the more famous. Debora use an LMP Le Mans Prototype type 1 body shell over a mid-engined chassis with open driving seat in the bodywork, their Type 2 LMP with closed bodywork owes much to the Courage and is a beautiful piece of engineering. Engines have been known to come from a 3-litre BMW and a 2-litre Ford Cosworth Turbo on the Jarama racetrack 1997. Sponsored by Waterair in 1998 the Debora two car team did a little better with one of the cars coming in 15th a mere 19 laps behind the winner. In'98 at the ISRS world championships, Debora carried off the trophy for SR2 driven by De Castelli, Jakubowski & Bruneau. In July 2000 during the US Le Mans series held at the Nürburgring in Germany, a private driving the Orphee-sponsored Debora car powered by a BMW engine came tenth.

Full details of the race finishers can be found here. In 2001 at the Le Mans series they did not finish as the car overheated due to a water leak after 48 laps, but at ELMS, Debora took the category SR2 with Dussau et Gomez in Magny Cours 2002 French hopes in SR2 rested with PiR Competition with their selection of Pilbeam and Debora chassis. Team boss/driver Pierre Bruneau hoped that local Sodemo Peugeot power would thrust them towards the front. "We have tested at Magny Cours about six weeks ago with the Pilbeam and got some good results", said the enthusiastic Bruneau. "We took the Debora to Dijon last week and made a lot of improvements, so we are confident of some good points this weekend." British racer Paul Daniels showed well that season and teamed up in the Debora with Frenchman Philippe Hottinguer and Italian Ludovico Manfredi. More home support came in the way of Didier Bonnet's return to the Championship with his faithful Debora BMW combination. Debora LMP200, used between 2001 and 2003.

Debora LMP201, used in 1995. Debora LMP294, used in 1994. Debora LMP295, used in 1995. Debora LMP296, used between 1996 and 1999. Debora LMP297, used between 1997 and 1998. Debora LMP299, used between 2000 and 2002. Debora LMP2000, used in 2000. Debora SP92, used in 1992. Debora SP93, used in 1993 and 1998 Debora Racing Official website