Iceland is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic Ocean. It has a population of 332,529 and an area of 103,000 km2, the capital and largest city is Reykjavík. Reykjavík and the areas in the southwest of the country are home to over two-thirds of the population. Iceland is volcanically and geologically active, the interior consists of a plateau characterised by sand and lava fields and glaciers, while many glacial rivers flow to the sea through the lowlands. Iceland is warmed by the Gulf Stream and has a climate, despite a high latitude just outside the Arctic Circle. Its high latitude and marine influence still keeps summers chilly, with most of the archipelago having a tundra climate. According to the ancient manuscript Landnámabók, the settlement of Iceland began in the year 874 AD when the Norwegian chieftain Ingólfr Arnarson became the first permanent settler on the island. In the following centuries, and to a lesser extent other Scandinavians, emigrated to Iceland, the island was governed as an independent commonwealth under the Althing, one of the worlds oldest functioning legislative assemblies.
Following a period of strife, Iceland acceded to Norwegian rule in the 13th century. The establishment of the Kalmar Union in 1397 united the kingdoms of Norway, Iceland thus followed Norways integration to that Union and came under Danish rule after Swedens secession from that union in 1523. In the wake of the French revolution and the Napoleonic wars, Icelands struggle for independence took form and culminated in independence in 1918, until the 20th century, Iceland relied largely on subsistence fishing and agriculture, and was among the poorest in Europe. Industrialisation of the fisheries and Marshall Plan aid following World War II brought prosperity, in 1994, it became a part of the European Economic Area, which further diversified the economy into sectors such as finance and manufacturing. Iceland has an economy with relatively low taxes compared to other OECD countries. It maintains a Nordic social welfare system that provides health care. Iceland ranks high in economic and social stability and equality, in 2013, it was ranked as the 13th most-developed country in the world by the United Nations Human Development Index.
Iceland runs almost completely on renewable energy, some bankers were jailed, and the economy has made a significant recovery, in large part due to a surge in tourism. Icelandic culture is founded upon the nations Scandinavian heritage, most Icelanders are descendants of Germanic and Gaelic settlers. Icelandic, a North Germanic language, is descended from Old Norse and is related to Faroese
Knattspyrnufélagið Valur is an Icelandic athletic club based in Reykjavík, Iceland. The club is situated close to the city centre, in the east side of town, the club was originally formed as part of the local YMCA to play association football, but incorporated handball and basketball. The club has won national and cup titles amongst both men and women in the three biggest local ball sports, football and basketball. Valurs handball section reached the EHF Champions League final in 1980 and it has won the Icelandic league 22 times, more than any other N1 deildin team. The club was founded on 11th May 1911, as a subdivision of KFUM, that year its name was changed to Valur, which is an Icelandic word for gyrfalcon. In 1930 the club won its first national title, and it has been amongst the best football teams in the country ever since, in 1939 Valur bought the farmland of Hlíðarendi which retains its name even today, where they now have a football field and an indoor arena. Originally Valur played only football, but around 1940 the club got involved in more sports and they won their first national handball title in 1940, and reached the final of the EHF Champions League in 1980.
In the post-war era, a handball division was started at Valur. In 1970, Körfuknattleiksfélag Reykjavíkur joined Valur and became their basketball division, the grounds at Hlíðarendi were completely renovated in the years between 2004 and 2007. Valur currently play their games at Valsvöllur and the handball games in the Valshöllin. The football pitch was used for the first time in the 2008 season, in June 2007 the club signed a 5-year sponsorship deal with Vodafone. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
Fylkir is an athletic club in Árbær, in the eastern part of Reykjavík, the capital of Iceland. The Fylkir official home kit is combined of a jersey, black shorts. The away kit is combined of a jersey and shorts. The original kit is combined of a white and blue shirt, white shorts, Fylkir was founded in 1967 on May 28 in a newly established suburb of Reykjavik, Árbær, by young and enthusiastic footballers who wanted to train and play football in their own neighbourhood. From the start, the club has emphasized the importance of youth development, the original name of the club was KSÁ, the name was considered inconvenient and thus after a member vote, it was changed to Fylkir. The senior team took first part in a competition in 1972. That was not enough to for Fylkir to gain promotion and for five years the team played in Division Three. All these years Fylkir was on the edge of promotion but it was not until 1977 that the dream came true, Fylkir earned a promotion to the 2. Division after a historical Third Division Final in which Fylkir had to field its B-team because the majority of the starting eleven had gone to Spain on a long before pre-paid holiday.
The next six years, Fylkir played in Division Two, only once being close to gaining promotion, the next time Fylkir earned a promotion to Division One was in 1993, but just as in 1989 the team became ninth and was relegated. In 1996, history reapeted itself for the third successive time, in the year 1999, Fylkir was promoted to the top league – now called the Premier League – for the fourth time. The following year of 2000 Fylkir was only two points winning the league, in its first year after promotion. The second place earned the club its first games in a European competition, in 2001, Fylkir won the Icelandic Cup for the first time, but finished fifth in the Premier League after leading the competition for the first two thirds of it. In the UEFA cup, Fylkir won Pogoń Szczecin from Poland 2–1 in the clubs first European game, in Poland, Fylkir equalized in the last minute of the game to the euphoria of its 200 dedicated supporters who had travelled to Poland to support their team. 3–2 in aggregate and Fylkir were through to the second Qualifying Round, the opponents, Roda JC Kerkrade from the Netherlands, proved to be stronger than the Poles.
Roda won the first game in the Netherlands, 3–0, a game in which played a side role as it took place September 11. In Iceland, Fylkir scored the first goal, but the Dutch side the three, ending the European adventure for Fylkir. The Cup victory in 2001 earned Fylkir a spot in the UEFA cup for the successive year
Stjarnan women's football
Stjarnan Women is a football club in Icelands premier womens football league, womens Úrvalsdeild. Stjarnan Women play their games at the Samsung völlurinn located in Garðabær. The teams colors are blue and white, the team is a sister organization of the Stjarnan FC and is currently coached by Thorlákur Már Árnason. Stjarnan Women won the Icelandic championship four times and the Icelandic Womens Cup in 2012 and 2014, as of 8 August 2015, according to UEFAs website. Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. com
Iceland national football team
The Iceland mens national football team is the national mens football team of Iceland and is controlled by the Football Association of Iceland. Although Iceland is one of Europes smaller football nations, the team has enjoyed success in the 21st century. In the qualifying rounds for the 2014 FIFA World Cup, Iceland reached the play offs before losing to Croatia, Iceland reached its first major tournament, UEFA Euro 2016, after a qualification campaign which included home and away wins over the Netherlands. In doing so, they became the smallest ever nation to qualify for a major tournament, Iceland was allocated to Euro 2016 Group F. Birkir Bjarnason scored Icelands first major tournament goal in the 50th minute against Portugal in a group stage match. After advancing to the stages of Euro 2016, Iceland defeated England in the Round of 16, advancing to the quarter-finals. Iceland finished eighth in the tournament, with two wins, two draws and one defeat, although Úrvalsdeild, the Icelandic Football League, was founded in 1912, the countrys first international match was only played on 29 July 1930, against the Faroe Islands.
Although Iceland won 1–0 away, both teams were at the time unaffiliated with FIFA, the first match officially recognised by FIFA took place in Reykjavík on 27 July 1946, a 0–3 defeat to Denmark. The first international victory was against Finland in 1947, for the first 20 years of the Football Association of Iceland s existence, the team did not participate in qualifying for the FIFA World Cup or the UEFA European Championship. In 1954, Iceland applied to part in qualification for UEFA Euro 1956. In qualification for the 1958 World Cup, Iceland finished last in their group with zero wins, since 1974, the team has taken part inempted to qualifying for every World Cup and European Championship, but until recently without success. In 1994, the team was awarded their best ever position in the FIFA World Rankings, in qualification for Euro 2004, Iceland finished third of their group, one point behind Scotland. If they had finished second, they would have made a playoff spot, in 2014, Iceland almost became the smallest nation to reach the World Cup Play offs.
Finishing second in Group D, they played Croatia in a playoff for qualification. After holding them to a 0–0 draw in the home leg, during the qualification, they reached their highest ranking in the FIFA World Rankings, 23rd. Iceland were drawn into a group with Portugal and Austria for the final tournament, at the tournament finals, Iceland recorded 1–1 draws in their first two group stage matches against Portugal and Hungary. They advanced from their pool with a 2–1 victory against Austria, Iceland qualified for the tournaments quarter-finals after a surprising 2–1 win against England in the Round of 16. However, they were eliminated by France in the quarter-finals, 5–2, as of 28 March 2017 This is a list of Icelandic national team complete records, both friendlies and competitive matches. Countries that are in italics are not members of FIFA or are former countries, UEFA, Rest of the World Last updated 23 November 2016