Alan Dean Foster
Alan Dean Foster is an American writer of fantasy and science fiction, who has written several book series, more than 20 standalone novels and many faithful novelizations of film scripts. He earned a bachelor's degree in political science and a MFA from the University of California, Los Angeles and resides in Prescott, with his wife, he is known for his science fiction novels set in the Humanx Commonwealth, an interstellar ethical/political union of species including humankind and the insectoid Thranx. Many of these novels feature Philip Lynx, an empathic young man who has found himself involved in something which threatens the survival of the Galaxy. Flinx's constant companion since childhood is a minidrag named Pip, a flying, empathic snake capable of spitting a corrosive and violently neurotoxic venom. One of Foster's better-known fantasy works is the Spellsinger series, in which a young musician is summoned into a world populated by talking creatures where his music allows him to do real magic whose effects depends on the lyrics of the popular songs he sings.
Many of Foster's works have a strong ecological element to them with an environmental twist. The villains in his stories experience their downfall because of a lack of respect for other alien species or innocuous bits of their surroundings; this can be seen in such works as Midworld, about a semi-sentient planet, one large rainforest, Cachalot, set on an ocean world populated by sentient cetaceans. Foster devotes a large part of his novels to descriptions of the strange environments of alien worlds and the coexistence of their flora and fauna; the most extreme example of this is Sentenced to Prism, in which the protagonist finds himself trapped on a world where life is based on silicon rather than carbon, as on Earth. Foster was the ghostwriter of the original novelization of Star Wars, credited to George Lucas. After two other writers had declined his offer of a flat fee of $5,000 for the work, Lucas brought to Foster the original screenplay, after which Foster fleshed out the backstory of time, planets, races and technology in such detail that it became canonical for all subsequent Star Wars novels.
When asked if it was difficult for him to see Lucas get all the credit for Star Wars, Foster said, "Not at all. It was George's story idea. I was expanding upon it. Not having my name on the cover didn't bother me in the least, it would be akin to a contractor demanding to have his name on a Frank Lloyd Wright house."Foster wrote the novel Splinter of the Mind's Eye, a Star Wars sequel published in 1978, two years prior to the release of The Empire Strikes Back. Foster's story relied on abandoned concepts that appeared in Lucas's early treatments for the first film. Foster was stunned when Return of the Jedi revealed the characters of Luke and Leia as brother and sister. Although Splinter was contradicted by entries in the Star Wars film canon, it was the first "Star Wars expanded universe" entry written. Foster wrote the novelization of Star Wars: The Force Awakens. Foster has the story credit for Star Trek: The Motion Picture, he wrote 10 books based on episodes of the animated Star Trek, the first six books each consisting of three linked novella-length episode adaptations, the last four being expanded adaptations of single episodes that segued into original story.
In the mid-seventies, he wrote original Star Trek stories for the Peter Pan-label Star Trek audio story records. He wrote the novelization of the 2009 film Star Trek, his first Star Trek novel in over 30 years, he wrote the novelization for Star Trek's sequel, Star Trek Into Darkness. Foster won the 2008 Grand Master award from the International Association of Media Tie-In Writers. Novels are listed in chronological order of the story. Foster comments, in a foreword to a re-issued edition of Bloodhype, that it is the eleventh novel in the series, should fall between Running from the Deity and Trouble Magnet. For Love of Mother-Not ISBN 0-345-30511-6 The Tar-Aiym Krang ISBN 0-345-29232-4 Orphan Star ISBN 0-345-25507-0 The End of the Matter ISBN 0-345-25861-4 Flinx in Flux ISBN 0-345-34363-8 Mid-Flinx ISBN 0-345-38374-5 Reunion ISBN 0-345-41867-0 Flinx's Folly ISBN 0-345-45038-8 Sliding Scales ISBN 0-345-46156-8 Running from the Deity ISBN 0-345-46159-2 Bloodhype ISBN 0-345-25845-2 Trouble Magnet ISBN 0-345-48504-1 Patrimony ISBN 978-0-345-48507-6 Flinx Transcendent ISBN 978-0-345-49607-2 Strange Music ISBN 978-1-101-96760-7 Phylogenesis ISBN 0-345-41862-X Dirge ISBN 0-345-41864-6 Diuturnity's Dawn ISBN 0-345-41865-4 Icerigger ISBN 0-345-23836-2 Mission to Moulokin ISBN 0-345-27676-0 The Deluge Drivers ISBN 0-345-33330-6 In chronological order: Nor Crystal Tears ISBN 0-345-29141-7 Voyage to the City of the Dead ISBN 0-345-31215-5 Midworld ISBN 0-345-35011-1 "The Emoman" short story "Surfeit" short story Drowning World ISBN 0-345-45035-3 Quofum ISBN 978-0-345-49605-8 "Mid-Death" short story The Howling Stones ISBN 0-345-38375-3 Sentenced to Prism ISBN 0-345-31980-X Cachalot ISBN 0-345-28066-0 A Call to Arms ISBN 0-345-35855-4 The False Mirror ISBN 0-345-35856-2 The Spoils of War ISBN 0-345-35857-0 Dinotopia Lost ISBN 1-57036-279-3 The Hand of Dinotopia ISBN 1-57036-396-X Carn
Joe Clifford Faust
Joe Clifford Faust is an American author best known for his seven science fiction novels written during the 1980s and 1990s, including A Death of Honor, The Company Man, the Angel's Luck Trilogy, the satirical Pembroke Hall novels. His novels are known for their controlled plots and their sense of humor. Like many authors, he draws inspiration from previous and current occupations, including projectionist, record store clerk, radio announcer, sheriff's dispatcher, advertising copywriter, he works as a freelance writer alongside other creative projects such as occasional forays into cartooning and songwriting. From 2001 to 2008, he served as a freelance producer for a local cable music program, Random Acts of Music. Faust was born in Williston, North Dakota, but considers Gillette, his adopted home town, he lives with his family in his wife's ancestral home in Ohio—a 140-year-old plot of land signed over to the family by President James K. Polk, he works as a copywriter at an advertising firm.
He is writing a new novel about UFOs. On February 16, 2011, Faust announced on his blog that he had created a publishing company called Thief Media as an organ to distribute his out-of-print novels in ebook formats. Releases began with the Amazon Kindle version of "A Death of Honor" on June 9, the unpublished "The Mushroom Shift" on December 12, 2011, "The Company Man" on July 14, 2012. Another unpublished novel, "Trust" is scheduled to for publication as well. Faust announced the completion of a new novel in the same post. On December 13, 2014, Amazon's Kindle Press announced the selection of Faust's thriller "Drawing Down the Moon" from the Kindle Scout program for publication; as with all Kindle Scout participating writers, Faust had entered his novel into the program the previous month for a 30-day period in which readers could nominate his work. According to Amazon's Kindle Scout, "Kindle Scout is reader-powered publishing for new, never-before-published books. It’s a place where readers help decide if a book gets published."
Drawing Down the Moon's publication marks the first time Faust has published a novel outside of the science fiction genre as well as his first newly written published novel since 1997. Angel's Luck • Desperate Measures • Precious Cargo • The Essence of Evil Pembroke Hall • Ferman's Devils • Boddekker's Demons • A Death of Honor • The Company Man • The Mushroom Shift • Drawing Down the Moon • Old Loves Die Hard • Handling It: How I Got Rich and Famous, Made Media Stars Out of Common Street Scum and Almost Got the Girl - Science Fiction Book Club edition combining Ferman's Devils and Boddekker's Demons. Addy Award for Copywriting - 1988 - 1997 - 1998 Official website Fantastic Fiction author profile Internet Book List Author profile Joe Clifford Faust at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database
The Walt Disney Company
The Walt Disney Company known as Walt Disney or Disney, is an American diversified multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate headquartered at the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California. It is the world's largest media conglomerate in terms of revenue, ahead of NBCUniversal and WarnerMedia. Disney was founded on October 16, 1923 by brothers Walt and Roy O. Disney as the Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio; the company established itself as a leader in the American animation industry before diversifying into live-action film production and theme parks. Since the 1980s, Disney has created and acquired corporate divisions in order to market more mature content than is associated with its flagship family-oriented brands; the company is known for its film studio division, Walt Disney Studios, which includes Walt Disney Pictures, Walt Disney Animation Studios, Marvel Studios, Lucasfilm, 20th Century Fox, Fox Searchlight Pictures, Blue Sky Studios. Disney's other main divisions are Disney Parks and Products, Disney Media Networks, Walt Disney Direct-to-Consumer and International.
Disney owns and operates the ABC broadcast network. The company has been a component of the Dow Jones Industrial Average since 1991. Cartoon character Mickey Mouse, created in 1928 by Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks, is one of the world's most recognizable characters, serves as the company's official mascot. In early 1923, Kansas City, animator Walt Disney created a short film entitled Alice's Wonderland, which featured child actress Virginia Davis interacting with animated characters. After the bankruptcy in 1923 of his previous firm, Laugh-O-Gram Studio, Disney moved to Hollywood to join his brother, Roy O. Disney. Film distributor Margaret J. Winkler of M. J. Winkler Productions contacted Disney with plans to distribute a whole series of Alice Comedies purchased for $1,500 per reel with Disney as a production partner. Walt and Roy Disney formed Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio that same year. More animated films followed after Alice. In January 1926, with the completion of the Disney studio on Hyperion Street, the Disney Brothers Studio's name was changed to the Walt Disney Studio.
After the demise of the Alice comedies, Disney developed an all-cartoon series starring his first original character, Oswald the Lucky Rabbit, distributed by Winkler Pictures through Universal Pictures. The distributor owned Oswald, so Disney only made a few hundred dollars. Disney completed 26 Oswald shorts before losing the contract in February 1928, due to a legal loophole, when Winkler's husband Charles Mintz took over their distribution company. After failing to take over the Disney Studio, Mintz hired away four of Disney's primary animators to start his own animation studio, Snappy Comedies. In 1928, to recover from the loss of Oswald the Lucky Rabbit, Disney came up with the idea of a mouse character named Mortimer while on a train headed to California, drawing up a few simple drawings; the mouse was renamed Mickey Mouse and starred in several Disney produced films. Ub Iwerks refined Disney's initial design of Mickey Mouse. Disney's first sound film Steamboat Willie, a cartoon starring Mickey, was released on November 18, 1928 through Pat Powers' distribution company.
It was the first Mickey Mouse sound cartoon released, but the third to be created, behind Plane Crazy and The Gallopin' Gaucho. Steamboat Willie was an immediate smash hit, its initial success was attributed not just to Mickey's appeal as a character, but to the fact that it was the first cartoon to feature synchronized sound. Disney used Pat Powers' Cinephone system, created by Powers using Lee de Forest's Phonofilm system. Steamboat Willie premiered at B. S. Moss's Colony Theater in New York City, now The Broadway Theatre. Disney's Plane Crazy and The Gallopin' Gaucho were retrofitted with synchronized sound tracks and re-released in 1929. Disney continued to produce cartoons with Mickey Mouse and other characters, began the Silly Symphony series with Columbia Pictures signing on as Symphonies distributor in August 1929. In September 1929, theater manager Harry Woodin requested permission to start a Mickey Mouse Club which Walt approved. In November, test comics strips were sent to King Features, who requested additional samples to show to the publisher, William Randolph Hearst.
On December 16, the Walt Disney Studios partnership was reorganized as a corporation with the name of Walt Disney Productions, Limited with a merchandising division, Walt Disney Enterprises, two subsidiaries, Disney Film Recording Company and Liled Realty and Investment Company for real estate holdings. Walt and his wife held Roy owned 40 % of WD Productions. On December 30, King Features signed its first newspaper, New York Mirror, to publish the Mickey Mouse comic strip with Walt's permission. In 1932, Disney signed an exclusive contract with Technicolor to produce cartoons in color, beginning with Flowers and Trees. Disney released cartoons through Powers' Celebrity Pictures, Columbia Pictures, United Artists; the popularity of the Mickey Mouse series allowed Disney to plan for his first feature-length animation. The feature film Walt
Stephen Baxter (author)
Stephen Baxter is an English hard science fiction author. He has degrees in engineering. Influenced by SF pioneer H. G. Wells, Baxter has been Vice-President of the international H. G. Wells Society since 2006, his fiction falls into three main categories of original work plus a fourth category, extending other authors' writing. Baxter's "Future History" mode is based on research into hard science, it encompasses the Xeelee Sequence, which of seven novels, plus three volumes collecting the 52 short pieces in the series, all of which fit into a single timeline stretching from the Big Bang singularity of the past to his Timelike Infinity singularity of the future. These stories begin in the present day and end when the Milky Way galaxy collides with Andromeda five billion years in the future; the central narrative is that of Humanity rising and evolving to become the second most powerful race in the universe, next to the god-like Xeelee. Character development tends to take second place to the depiction of advanced theories and ideas, such as the true nature of the Great Attractor, naked singularities and the great battle between Baryonic and Dark Matter lifeforms.
The Manifold Trilogy is another example of Baxter's future history mode more conceptual than the Xeelee sequence – each novel is focused on a potential explanation of the Fermi Paradox. The two-part disaster series Flood and Ark which fits into this category, where catastrophic events unfold in the near future and Humanity must adapt to survive in three radically different planetary environments. In 2013, Baxter released his short story collection entitled Universes which featured stories set in Flood/Ark, Jones & Bennet and Anti-Ice universes. Baxter signed a contract for two new books, titled Proxima and Ultima, both of which are names of planets, they were released in 2013 and 2014, respectively. A second category in Baxter's work is based on readings in evolutionary biology and human/animal behaviour. Elements of this appear in his future histories; the major work in this category is Evolution, which imagines the evolution of humanity in the Earth's past and future. The Mammoth Trilogy, written for young adults, shares similar themes and concerns as it explores the present and future of a small herd of mammoths found surviving on an island in the Arctic Ocean.
A third category of Baxter's fiction is alternate history, based on research into history. These stories are more human, with characters portrayed with care; this includes his NASA Trilogy, which incorporates a great deal of research into NASA and its history, the Time's Tapestry series, which features science-fictional interventions into our past from an alternate-history future. The novel Anti-Ice is an earlier example of Baxter's blending of alternate history with science fiction, his most recent work in this direction is the Northland Trilogy, an alternate prehistory that begins with Stone Spring, set ten thousand years ago in the Stone Age, followed by Bronze Summer and Iron Winter, set in alternate versions of the Bronze Age and the Iron Age. In 2009, Baxter became a judge for the Sidewise Award for Alternate History, the first former winner among the panel. Another category, outside of the main body of Baxter's independent work, is sequels and installments of science-fiction classics.
His first novel to achieve wide recognition was The Time Ships, an authorised sequel to H. G. Wells' The Time Machine; the Time Odyssey series, a trilogy co-authored with Arthur C. Clarke, is connected to Clarke's four Space Odyssey novels; the trilogy consists of Time's Eye and Firstborn. Another novel is based on a synopsis written by The Light of Other Days. Baxter has published a Doctor Who novel, The Wheel of Ice, his most recent sequel is "The Massacre of Mankind", an authorised sequel to H. G. Wells' "The War of the Worlds". In 2010, Baxter began working on a new series with Terry Pratchett; this collaboration produced five books, The Long Earth, The Long War, The Long Mars, The Long Utopia and The Long Cosmos. Baxter has written non-fiction essays and columns for such publications as Critical Wave and the British SF Association's Matrix. Baxter's story "Last Contact" was nominated for the 2008 Hugo Award for best short story. Baxter was born 13 November 1957 in Liverpool and studied at St Edward's College, a Catholic grammar school.
He read mathematics at Cambridge University, obtained a doctorate in engineering at Southampton University, received an MBA from Henley Management College. Baxter taught maths and information technology before becoming a full-time author in 1995, he is a chartered engineer and fellow of the British Interplanetary Society. Official website Stephen Baxter at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database Stephen Baxter at Library of Congress Authorities, with 59 catalogue records
Robert E. Howard
Robert Ervin Howard was an American author who wrote pulp fiction in a diverse range of genres. He is well known for his character Conan the Barbarian and is regarded as the father of the sword and sorcery subgenre. Howard was raised in Texas, he spent most of his life with some time spent in nearby Brownwood. A bookish and intellectual child, he was a fan of boxing and spent some time in his late teens bodybuilding taking up amateur boxing. From the age of nine he dreamed of becoming a writer of adventure fiction but did not have real success until he was 23. Thereafter, until his death by suicide at age 30, Howard's writings were published in a wide selection of magazines and newspapers, he became proficient in several subgenres, his greatest success occurred after his death. Although a Conan novel was nearly published in 1934, Howard's stories were never collected during his lifetime; the main outlet for his stories was Weird Tales. With Conan and his other heroes, Howard helped fashion the genre now known as sword and sorcery, spawning many imitators and giving him a large influence in the fantasy field.
Howard remains a read author, with his best works still reprinted. Howard's suicide and the circumstances surrounding it have led to speculation about his mental health, his mother had been ill with tuberculosis his entire life, upon learning she had entered a coma from which she was not expected to wake, he walked out to his car and shot himself in the head. Howard was born January 22, 1906 in Peaster, the only son of a traveling country physician, Dr. Isaac Mordecai Howard, his wife, Hester Jane Ervin Howard, his early life was spent wandering through a variety of Texas cowtowns and boomtowns: Dark Valley, Bronte, Oran, Wichita Falls, Cross Cut, Burkett. During Howard's youth his parents' relationship began to break down; the Howard family had problems with money which may have been exacerbated by Isaac Howard investing in get-rich-quick schemes. Hester Howard, came to believe that she had married below herself. Soon the pair were fighting. Hester did not want Isaac to have anything to do with their son.
She had a strong influence on her son's intellectual growth. She had spent her early years helping a variety of sick relatives, contracting tuberculosis in the process, she instilled in her son a deep love of poetry and literature, recited verse daily and supported him unceasingly in his efforts to write. Other experiences would seep into his prose. Although he loved reading and learning, he found school to be confining and began to hate having anyone in authority over him. Experiences watching and confronting bullies revealed the omnipresence of evil and enemies in the world, taught him the value of physical strength and violence; as the son of the local doctor, Howard had frequent exposure to the effects of injury and violence, due to accidents on farms and oil fields combined with the massive increase in crime that came with the oil boom. Firsthand tales of gunfights, lynchings and Indian raids developed his distinctly Texan, hardboiled outlook on the world. Sports boxing, became a passionate preoccupation.
At the time, boxing was the most popular sport in the country, with a cultural influence far in excess of what it is today. James J. Jeffries, Jack Johnson, Bob Fitzsimmons, Jack Dempsey were the names that inspired during those years, he grew up a lover of all contests of violent, masculine struggle. Voracious reading, along with a natural talent for prose writing and the encouragement of teachers, created in Howard an interest in becoming a professional writer. From the age of nine he began writing stories tales of historical fiction centering on Vikings, Arabs and bloodshed. One by one he discovered the authors who would influence his work: Jack London and his stories of reincarnation and past lives, most notably The Star Rover. Howard was considered by friends to be eidetic, astounded them with his ability to memorize lengthy reams of poetry with ease after one or two readings. In 1919, when Howard was thirteen, Dr. Howard moved his family to the Central Texas hamlet of Cross Plains, there the family would stay for the rest of Howard's life.
Howard's father made extensive renovations. That same year, sitting in a library in New Orleans while his father took medical courses at a nearby college, Howard discovered a book concerned with the scant fact and abundant legends surrounding an indigenous culture in ancient Scotland called the Picts. In 1920, on February 17, the Vestal Well within the limits of Cross Plains struck oil and Cross Plains became an oil boomtown. Thousands of people arrived in the town looking for oil wealth. New businesses sprang up from scratch and the crime rate increased to match. Cross Plains' population grew from 1,500 to 10,000, it suffered overcrowding, the traffic ruined its unpaved roads and vice crime exploded but it used its new wealth on civic improvements, including a new school, an ice manufacturing plant, new hotels. Howard despised the people who came with it, he was poorly disposed towards oil booms as they were the cause of the constant traveling in his early years but this was aggravated by what he perceived to be the effect oil booms had on towns.
At fifteen Howard first sampled pulp magazines Adventure and its star authors Talbot Mund
Pierce Brown is an American science fiction author who writes the Red Rising series, consisting of Red Rising, Golden Son, Morning Star, Iron Gold and Dark Age. Pierce Brown grew up in seven different states, his mother, Colleen Brown, was the President and CEO of Fisher Communications and the Chairman of American Apparel's Board of Directors. His father, Guy Brown, is a former local banker. Brown graduated from Pepperdine University. After graduation, he worked a variety of jobs in startup tech companies. Brown was working for the NBC Page Program in Burbank and living in his former political science professor's garage when he sold Red Rising in 2012. Brown faced rejection from over 120 agents before selling Red Rising, he wrote the novel in two months above his parents' garage in Washington. Red Rising, published in 2014, received widespread positive reviews, hit #20 on The New York Times Best Seller list; the 2015 sequel, Golden Son, hit #6 on the same list and was praised by critics. In 2016, Morning Star reached #1 on the New York Times Best Seller list in Adult Hardcover, Digital Book and cumulative.
It reached #1 on the USA Today Best-Selling Books list. In February 2014, shortly after the release of Red Rising, Universal Pictures acquired the rights for a film adaptation in a 7-figure auction. Marc Forster is set to direct, with Brown writing the screenplay. Brown told Entertainment Weekly in that after completing the original trilogy, "I took a meager little break to stretch my screenwriting muscles." As of February 2016, the film was still in development, with Brown having written the first two drafts. He said in March 2016, "now we're on the third, it will be greenlit this year. The vision from the film makers is'Lawrence of Arabia in space', exciting for me as it's my favorite film."Brown announced a sequel trilogy in February 2016, to begin with the novel Iron Gold in August 2017. A prequel comic book series, Red Rising: Sons of Ares, is set to debut in May 2017. Brown said of his writing: It's been fun to have it take on a life of its own. I feel like I'm not creating as much as I'm revealing things, that’s a lovely thing for me to have because it's so fun to get to explore my own world...
Anyone who writes books is at least an introvert. It's amazing to be able to share that internalized part of myself, that little world that no one knows about. I just wrote it down on a piece of paper just to be crazy, people loving, so strange; the author has said that his writing has been "hugely" influenced by his readers' feedback, explaining: I was able to see which punches connected with the readers. It can teach you to be a better writer. I was able to mold him to evolve with that. I don't want to take away from the reader's imagination. I don't talk too much about how most of my characters look, I want them to have a tonal quality where the reader creates the image for themselves. Brown noted the popularity of his novels among the LGBT community, saying "It's amazing that they have found a home in these books... All these lost souls in my books have connected with people and I find it moving." Red Rising Golden Son Morning Star Iron Gold Dark Age Red Rising: Sons of Ares Star Wars: From a Certain Point of View - "Desert Son" Mac Snetiker of Entertainment Weekly wrote, "Brown has packed his pages with an astonishing amount of cinematic action and twists", Jason Sheehan of NPR agreed that "Brown writes layered, flawed characters... but plot is his most breathtaking strength...
Every action seems to flow into the next." Kirkus Reviews called the third installment, Morning Star, "multilayered and seething with characters who exist in a shadow world between history and myth, much as in Frank Herbert’s Dune... an ambitious and satisfying conclusion to a monumental saga". Brown is the recipient of the Goodreads 2014 Best New Novelist Award and the Goodreads 2015 Best Science Fiction Novel Award. Pierce Brown on Twitter Pierce Brown at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database
Ray Douglas Bradbury was an American author and screenwriter. He worked in a variety of genres, including fantasy, science fiction and mystery fiction. Known for his dystopian novel Fahrenheit 451, his science-fiction and horror-story collections, The Martian Chronicles, The Illustrated Man, I Sing the Body Electric, Bradbury was one of the most celebrated 20th- and 21st-century American writers. While most of his best known work is in speculative fiction, he wrote in other genres, such as the coming-of-age novel Dandelion Wine and the fictionalized memoir Green Shadows, White Whale. Recipient of numerous awards, including a 2007 Pulitzer Citation, Bradbury wrote and consulted on screenplays and television scripts, including Moby Dick and It Came from Outer Space. Many of his works were adapted to comic book and film formats. Upon his death in 2012, The New York Times called Bradbury "the writer most responsible for bringing modern science fiction into the literary mainstream". Bradbury was born on August 22, 1920, in Waukegan, Illinois, to Esther Bradbury, a Swedish immigrant, Leonard Spaulding Bradbury, a power and telephone lineman of English ancestry.
He was given the middle name "Douglas" after the actor Douglas Fairbanks. Bradbury was related to the American Shakespeare scholar Douglas Spaulding and descended from Mary Bradbury, tried at one of the Salem witch trials in 1692. Bradbury was surrounded by an extended family during his early childhood and formative years in Waukegan. An aunt read him short stories; this period provided foundations for his stories. In Bradbury's works of fiction, 1920s Waukegan becomes Illinois; the Bradbury family lived in Tucson, during 1926–1927 and 1932–1933 while their father pursued employment, each time returning to Waukegan. They settled in Los Angeles in 1934 when Bradbury was 14 years old; the family arrived with only US$40, which paid for rent and food until his father found a job making wire at a cable company for $14 a week. This meant that they could stay, Bradbury—who was in love with Hollywood—was ecstatic. Bradbury was active in the drama club, he roller-skated through Hollywood in hopes of meeting celebrities.
Among the creative and talented people Bradbury met were special-effects pioneer Ray Harryhausen and radio star George Burns. Bradbury's first pay as a writer, at age 14, was for a joke he sold to George Burns to use on the Burns and Allen radio show. Throughout his youth, Bradbury was an avid reader and writer and knew at a young age that he was "going into one of the arts." Bradbury began writing his own stories at age 11, during the Great Depression — sometimes writing on the only available paper, butcher paper. In his youth, he spent much time in the Carnegie library in Waukegan, reading such authors as H. G. Wells, Jules Verne, Edgar Allan Poe. At 12, Bradbury began writing traditional horror stories and said he tried to imitate Poe until he was about 18. In addition to comics, he loved Edgar Rice Burroughs, creator of Tarzan of the Apes Burroughs' John Carter of Mars series; the Warlord of Mars impressed him so much. The young Bradbury was a cartoonist and loved to illustrate, he drew his own Sunday panels.
He listened to the radio show Chandu the Magician, every night when the show went off the air, he would sit and write the entire script from memory. As a teen in Beverly Hills, he visited his mentor and friend science-fiction writer Bob Olsen, sharing ideas and maintaining contact. In 1936, at a secondhand bookstore in Hollywood, Bradbury discovered a handbill promoting meetings of the Los Angeles Science Fiction Society. Excited to find there were others sharing his interest, Bradbury joined a weekly Thursday-night conclave at age 16. Bradbury cited H. G. Jules Verne as his primary science-fiction influences. Bradbury identified with Verne, saying, "He believes the human being is in a strange situation in a strange world, he believes that we can triumph by behaving morally". Bradbury admitted that he stopped reading science-fiction books in his 20s and embraced a broad field of literature that included Alexander Pope and poet John Donne. Bradbury had just graduated from high school when he met Robert Heinlein 31 years old.
Bradbury recalled, "He was well known, he wrote humanistic science fiction, which influenced me to dare to be human instead of mechanical."In young adulthood Bradbury read stories published in Astounding Science Fiction, read everything by Robert A. Heinlein, Arthur C. Clarke, the early writings of Theodore Sturgeon and A. E. van Vogt. The family lived about four blocks from the Fox Uptown Theatre on Western Avenue in Los Angeles, the flagship theater for MGM and Fox. There, Bradbury learned how to sneak in and watched previews every week, he rollerskated there, as well as all over town, as he put it, "hell-bent on getting autographs from glamorous stars. It was glorious." Among stars the young Bradbury was thrilled to encounter were Norma Shearer and Hardy, Ronald Colman. Sometimes, he spent all day in front of Paramount Pictures or Columbia Pictures and skated to the Brown Derby to watch the stars who came and went for meals, he recounted seeing Cary Grant, Marlene Dietrich, Mae West, whom he learned made a regular appearance every Friday night, bodyguard in tow.
Bradbury relates the following meeting with Sergei Bondarchuk, director of Soviet epic film series War and Peace, at a Hollywood award ceremony in Bondarchuk's honor: They forme