San Diego Metropolitan Transit System
The San Diego Metropolitan Transit System is the public transit service provider for Central, South and Southeast San Diego County, in the United States. MTS operating subsidiaries include the San Diego Trolley and San Diego Transit Corporation. Average daily ridership among all public transit services provided by MTS was 271,500 in the Fourth Quarter of 2017. MTS is one of the oldest transit systems in Southern California, dating back as early as the 1880s. Although the d/b/a names have changed over the years, the two modes of transportation – buses and light rail – have remained consistent over most of the past 125 years. MTS owns Arizona Eastern Railway. MTS licenses and regulates taxicabs and other private for-hire passenger transportation services provided by contract for the cities of San Diego, El Cajon, Imperial Beach, La Mesa, Lemon Grove and Santee. MTS is a joint powers authority agency, or JPA. Member cities include San Diego, Chula Vista, Coronado, El Cajon, Imperial Beach, La Mesa, Lemon Grove, National City, Poway and San Diego County.
Elected officials from each jurisdiction, including San Diego County, serve as the Board of Directors. The city of San Diego has the most representation with four members. A county resident is elected by the Board of Directors to serve as the Chairman. A system of horse- or mule-drawn street cars was established in Downtown San Diego in 1886. In 1887 electric street car service was begun, serving a more widespread area including Old Town and University Heights; the direct ancestor of MTS, the San Diego Electric Railway Company, was founded in 1891 by John D. Spreckels. Spreckels converted them all to electric operation. In the 1920s and 1930s the rail lines began to be replaced by motor buses. In 1949 the last rail service was discontinued, making San Diego the first major city in California to convert to an all-bus system. In 1948 Jesse Haugh renamed it the San Diego Transit System; the system was purchased by the City of San Diego in 1967. MTDB was formed in 1976 and launched the San Diego Trolley in 1981.
The San Diego Transit system of bus lines was transferred from the city to MTDB in 1985. MTDB changed its logo to Metropolitan Transit System in 1986. Today, the agency is one of two child agencies of SANDAG, the county-level MPO that zones land and sets the transit fares. More recent developments at MTS are summarized below. MTS adopts its current logo and livery, first applied to buses entering service that summer. MTS assumes control over National City Transit from the City of National City, amid the City's reluctance to implement findings of the COA, retires its 600-series bus route numbers, replaces them with the current 960-series numbers. MTS is named the Outstanding Public Transit System for 2009 by the American Public Transportation Association. In fiscal year 2009, MTS set a record for ridership with over 92 million rides from July 1, 2008, to June 31, 2009. September 24: San Diego Trolley places an order for 57 Ultra Short Low Floor Model S70 LRVs, at a total cost of $205 million. San Diego Trolley beings construction on the "Trolley Renewal Project".
The project is expected to last five years and renovates all stations and existing infrastructure to handle the new Low Floor S70 LRVs purchased the previous year. MTS begins work on a study to evaluate the feasibility of reconnecting Balboa Park, the San Diego Zoo and Downtown San Diego through a fixed-guideway, electrified streetcar line. MTS begins weekend and holiday service of the Silver Line, which operates around Downtown San Diego and features renovated PCC streetcars with a partnership with the San Diego historic streetcar society. MTS receives first two shipments of 4th generation trolley vehicles and begins operating new LRVs on the Green Line MTS realigns trolley system so all three lines terminate in downtown, eliminating the need for the special event line; the green line now serves special events. Low floor trains operate on the Orange Line for the first time, marking the end of the first phase of the trolley renewal project. First of the next-gemeration Gillig Low Floor buses arrive and are placed into service First buses for the BRT network arrive The first line in the Rapid BRT network goes into operation.
Low floor trains operate on the Blue Line for the first time in January, after new station platforms, advanced electronic signage, overhead catenary wires, larger shelters and track replacements are implemented. The Transit Optimization Plan is adopted Additional Low floor trolley cars Arrive at shop. Numbered in the 5000-series, 9 of the cars are set to start testing for Blue and Orange Lines as early as Spring 2019; the other 36 will be set to run for the mid-coast extension releasing in 2021. The South Bay Rapid entered the Otay Mesa Port of Entry. New trolley cars, the 5000-series, due to enter service in the Summer. August:Electric buses to enter service MTS administers several public transportation services, including the San Diego Trolley's three daily Light rail lines, 93 fixed-route bus services, paratransit service. About half of its fixed-route bus services are contracted out to Transdev, First Transit, with First Transit providing paratransit services. Light rail service is operated by Incorporated.
It is referred to as "The Trolley". Three daily lines are operated, are designated by their colors: the Blue Line, the Green Line, the Orange Line.
Culver CityBus is a public transport agency operating in Culver City, California serving Culver City, the unincorporated community of Marina del Rey, the adjacent Los Angeles neighborhoods. Its regular fleet is painted bright green and its rapid fleet a chrome gray, distinguishing it from Santa Monica's Big Blue Bus, orange-colored Metro Local buses, red-colored Metro Rapid buses, whose coverage areas overlap on Los Angeles's Westside. Culver CityBus was founded in 4 March 1928, making it the second oldest municipal bus line in California and the oldest public transit bus system still operating in Los Angeles County. Big Blue Bus was founded in 14 April 1928, the San Francisco Municipal Railway began streetcar service 28 December 1912. Within its service area of around 33 square miles, the Culver CityBus provides service to the communities of: Venice Westchester Westwood West Los Angeles Palms Playa Vista Marina del Rey Mar Vista Century City Culver City Culver CityBus operates 3 daily routes, 3 weekday-only routes, 2 Monday-Saturday routes within Los Angeles County.
Among its 3 weekday-only routes, Culver CityBus operates a Rapid route. # Weekend service is provided on New Year's Day, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day and Christmas Day. Notes:Culver CityBus operates an all New Flyer fleet of 54 buses. All buses run on CNG. Culver CityBus has retired its old fleet made of buses by Flxible, TMC/RTS, Gillig. Culver city is beginning to retire its C40lf fleet from 2001 and 2004. New 2017 XN40 coaches are in service. All buses are numbered 70—and 71--. Buses were painted green and white, but all buses were repainted to all green in 2000. In 2008, large decals honoring Culver CityBus's 80th year of service were affixed to buses and were removed in 2009. Culver CityBus began operating six New Flyer C40LFR buses on the new Rapid 6 starting on January 4, 2010. Rapid Buses are painted a chrome gray to distinguish themselves from the regular bright green buses. In 2012, Culver CityBus took delivery of 20 New Flyer Xcelsior XN40 Buses and started operating some of them beginning in late May 2012 with the rest to be phased in by late June.
Culver City Bus
Diesel fuel in general is any liquid fuel used in diesel engines, whose fuel ignition takes place, without any spark, as a result of compression of the inlet air mixture and injection of fuel. Diesel engines have found broad use as a result of higher thermodynamic efficiency and thus fuel efficiency; this is noted where diesel engines are run at part-load. The most common type of diesel fuel is a specific fractional distillate of petroleum fuel oil, but alternatives that are not derived from petroleum, such as biodiesel, biomass to liquid or gas to liquid diesel, are being developed and adopted. To distinguish these types, petroleum-derived diesel is called petrodiesel. Ultra-low-sulfur diesel is a standard for defining diesel fuel with lowered sulfur contents; as of 2016 all of the petroleum-based diesel fuel available in the UK, mainland Europe, North America is of a ULSD type. In the UK, diesel fuel for on-road use is abbreviated DERV, standing for diesel-engined road vehicle, which carries a tax premium over equivalent fuel for non-road use.
In Australia, diesel fuel is known as distillate, in Indonesia, it is known as Solar, a trademarked name by the local oil company Pertamina. Diesel fuel originated from experiments conducted by German scientist and inventor Rudolf Diesel for his compression-ignition engine he invented in 1892. Diesel designed his engine to use coal dust as fuel, experimented with other fuels including vegetable oils, such as peanut oil, used to power the engines which he exhibited at the 1900 Paris Exposition and the 1911 World's Fair in Paris. Diesel fuel is produced from the most common being petroleum. Other sources include biomass, animal fat, natural gas, coal liquefaction. Petroleum diesel called petrodiesel, or fossil diesel is the most common type of diesel fuel, it is produced from the fractional distillation of crude oil between 200 °C and 350 °C at atmospheric pressure, resulting in a mixture of carbon chains that contain between 9 and 25 carbon atoms per molecule. Synthetic diesel can be produced from any carbonaceous material, including biomass, natural gas and many others.
The raw material is gasified into synthesis gas, which after purification is converted by the Fischer–Tropsch process to a synthetic diesel. The process is referred to as biomass-to-liquid, gas-to-liquid or coal-to-liquid, depending on the raw material used. Paraffinic synthetic diesel has a near-zero content of sulfur and low aromatics content, reducing unregulated emissions of toxic hydrocarbons, nitrous oxides and particulate matter. Fatty-acid methyl ester, more known as biodiesel, is obtained from vegetable oil or animal fats which have been transesterified with methanol, it can be produced from many types of oils, the most common being rapeseed oil in Europe and soybean oil in the US. Methanol can be replaced with ethanol for the transesterification process, which results in the production of ethyl esters; the transesterification processes use catalysts, such as sodium or potassium hydroxide, to convert vegetable oil and methanol into FAME and the undesirable byproducts glycerine and water, which will need to be removed from the fuel along with methanol traces.
FAME can be used pure in engines where the manufacturer approves such use, but it is more used as a mix with diesel, BXX where XX is the biodiesel content in percent. FAME as a fuel is specified in DIN EN 14214 and ASTM D6751. Fuel equipment manufacturers have raised several concerns regarding FAME fuels, identifying FAME as being the cause of the following problems: corrosion of fuel injection components, low-pressure fuel system blockage, increased dilution and polymerization of engine sump oil, pump seizures due to high fuel viscosity at low temperature, increased injection pressure, elastomeric seal failures and fuel injector spray blockage. Pure biodiesel has an energy content about 5–10% lower than petroleum diesel; the loss in power when using pure biodiesel is 5–7%. Unsaturated fatty acids are the source for the lower oxidation stability; as FAME contains low levels of sulfur, the emissions of sulfur oxides and sulfates, major components of acid rain, are low. Use of biodiesel results in reductions of unburned hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, particulate matter.
CO emissions using biodiesel are reduced, on the order of 50% compared to most petrodiesel fuels. The exhaust emissions of particulate matter from biodiesel have been found to be 30% lower than overall particulate matter emissions from petrodiesel; the exhaust emissions of total hydrocarbons are up to 93% lower for biodiesel than diesel fuel. Biodiesel may reduce health risks associated with petroleum diesel. Biodiesel emissions showed decreased levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon and nitrited PAH compounds, which have been identified as potential cancer-causing compounds. In recent testing, PAH compounds were reduced by 75–85%, except for benzanthracene, reduced by 50%. Targeted nPAH compounds were reduced with biodiesel fuel, with 2-nitrofluorene and 1-nitropyrene reduced by 90%, the rest
Angels Flight is a landmark 2 ft 6 in narrow gauge funicular railway in the Bunker Hill district of Downtown Los Angeles, California. It has two funicular cars and Olivet, running in opposite directions on a shared cable on the 298 feet long inclined railway; the funicular has operated on two different sites. The original Angels Flight location, with tracks connecting Hill Street and Olive Street, operated from 1901 until it was closed in 1969, when its site was cleared for redevelopment; the second Angels Flight location opened one half block south of the original location in 1996, with tracks connecting Hill Street and California Plaza. It was shut down in 2001, following a fatal accident, took nine years to commence operations again; the railroad restarted operations on March 15, 2010. It was closed again from June 10, 2011, to July 5, 2011, again after a minor derailment incident on September 5, 2013; the investigation of this 2013 incident led to the discovery of serious safety problems in both the design and the operation of the funicular.
Before the 2013 service suspension, the cost of a one-way ride was 50 cents. After safety enhancements were completed, Angels Flight reopened for public service on August 31, 2017, now charging $1 for a one-way ride. Although it was marketed as a tourist novelty, it was used by local workers to travel between the Downtown Historic Core and Bunker Hill. In 2015, the executive director of the nearby REDCAT arts center described the railroad as an important "economic link", there was pressure for the city to fund and re-open the railroad. Built in 1901 with financing from Colonel J. W. Eddy, as the "Los Angeles Incline Railway", Angels Flight began at the west corner of Hill Street at Third and ran for two blocks uphill to its Olive Street terminus. Angels Flight consisted of two vermillion "boarding stations" and two cars, named Sinai and Olivet, pulled up the steep incline by metal cables powered by engines at the upper Olive Street station; as one car ascended, the other descended, carried down by gravity.
An archway labeled "Angels Flight" greeted passengers on the Hill Street entrance, this name became the official name of the railway in 1912 when the Funding Company of California purchased the railway from its founders. The original Angels Flight was a conventional funicular, with both cars connected to the same haulage cable. Unlike more modern funiculars it did not have track brakes for use in the event of cable breakage, but it did have a separate safety cable which would come into play in case of breakage of the main cable, it operated for 68 years with a good safety record. During operation in its original location, the railroad was owned and operated by six additional companies following Colonel Eddy. In 1912 Eddy sold the railroad to Funding Company of Los Angeles who in turn sold it to Continental Securities Company in 1914. Robert W. Moore, an engineer for Continental Securities, purchased Angels Flight in 1946. In 1952 Lester B. Moreland and Byron Linville, a prominent banker at Security First National Bank, purchased it from Moore and the following year Lester B.
Moreland's family purchased Byron Linville's interest in the Railway. In 1962 the city forced Moreland to sell though condemnation and the city's redevelopment agency hired Oliver & Williams Elevator Company to run it until it was shut down on May 18, 1969; the following day the dismantling began and the cars were hauled away to be stored in a warehouse. The railroad's arch, station house, drinking fountain, other artifacts were taken to an outdoor storage yard in Gardena, California; the only fatality that involved the original Angels Flight occurred in the autumn of 1943, when a sailor attempting to walk up the track itself was crushed beneath one of the cars. In November 1952, the Beverly Hills Parlor of the Native Daughters of the Golden West erected a plaque to commemorate fifty years of service by the railway; the plaque reads: Built in 1901 by Colonel J. W. Eddy, lawyer and friend of President Abraham Lincoln, Angels Flight is said to be the world's shortest incorporated railway; the counterbalanced cars, controlled by cables, travel a 33 percent grade for 315 feet.
It is estimated that Angels Flight has carried more passengers per mile than any other railway in the world, over a hundred million in its first fifty years. This incline railway is a public utility operating under a franchise granted by the City of Los Angeles. In 1962, at its first meeting, the city's new Cultural Heritage Board designated Angels Flight a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument, along with four other locations. Los Angeles was early in enacting preservation laws, the first sites chosen each were "considered threatened to some extent," according to the history of the board, now the Cultural Heritage Commission; the railway was closed on May 18, 1969 when the Bunker Hill area underwent a controversial total redevelopment which destroyed and displaced a community of 22,000 working-class families renting rooms in architecturally significant but run-down buildings, to a modern mixed-use district of high-rise commercial buildings and modern apartment and condominium complexes. Both of the Angels Flight cars and Olivet, were placed in storage at 1200 S. Olive Street, Los Angeles.
This was the location of Linda Kastner's United Business Interiors. At this location the Kastners maintained "The Bandstand," a private museum; the Bandstand featured antique coin-operated musical instruments where one of the cars was on display in the museum. Olivet was stored in the garage of the building, they were stored at this loc
Delano is a city in Kern County, United States. Delano is located 31 miles north-northwest of Bakersfield at an elevation of 315 feet; the population was 52,088 in 2016, up from 38,824 in 2000. It is Kern County's second largest city after Bakersfield. Agriculture is Delano's major industry; the area is well known as a center for the growing of table grapes. Delano is home to two California state prisons, North Kern State Prison and Kern Valley State Prison; the Voice of America once operated its largest, most powerful shortwave broadcast facility outside Delano at 35°45′15″N 119°17′7″W. However, the Voice of America ceased broadcasts in October 2007, citing a changing political mission, reduced budgets, changes in technology. Delano's two school districts operate eight elementary schools, three middle schools, three comprehensive high schools and two alternative high schools; the city has its own police department and contracts with the Kern County Fire Department for fire services, EMS services are provided by local company, Delano Ambulance Service.
Delano was founded on July 14, 1869, as a railroad town, not because the railroad passed through the town but because the railroad coming down from San Francisco and parts north terminated at Delano. The name was given by the Southern Pacific Railroad in honor of Columbus Delano, at the time the Secretary of the Interior for the United States; the first post office opened in 1874. Delano incorporated in 1913; the town started with a boom. With Delano as the terminus of the railroad to the south, it became the headquarters for hundreds of workmen who were building the railroad into town, who built the railroad into Bakersfield the following year. Meanwhile, the merchandise, trucked south from Visalia to Bakersfield and to Walker Pass, or Tejon Pass, en route to Los Angeles, now coming via freight from the south and west, was trucked in by ox or mule team. Great loads of bullion were delivered here from the mines in the mountains. Delano became the northern terminus for the passenger stages that ran south to Bakersfield and Los Angeles.
The fare from Bakersfield to Delano was $7.00 a trip. Delano was a major hub of farm worker organization efforts and Chicano political movements. Filipino immigrants Philip Vera Cruz and Larry Dulay Itliong were instrumental in shaping the direction of farm worker movement in the 1950s. On September 8, 1965, Larry Itliong and other Filipino leaders led the predominantly Filipino Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee in a "walk off" from table grape farms, now known as the Delano grape strike; the strikers' goal was to improve working conditions. The National Farm Workers' Association, a Hispanic union led by Cesar Chavez, joined the strike within a week. During the strike, the two groups formed the United Farm Workers of America. By 1970, the UFW won a contract with major grape growers across California. Major farm employers in Delano include Wonderful Citrus, Columbine Vineyards, Munger Farms, Lucich Farms, Hronis. Other major employers include Delano Regional Medical Center, The Home Depot, Kmart, Vallarta Supermarkets, Delano Joint Union High School District, Delano Union Elementary School District, the North Kern-South Tulare Hospital District.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.4 square miles. Delano's climate is typical of the San Joaquin Valley, it is located within a desert climatic zone with Mediterranean features. The city receives 7.51 in of rainfall annually in the winter. The weather is cool and damp in winter. Frequent winter ground fog known regionally as tule fog can obscure vision. Record temperatures range between 115 °F and 14 °F; the 2010 United States Census reported that Delano had a population of 53,041. The population density was 3,694.9 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Delano was 19,304 White, 4,191 African American, 501 Native American, 6,757 Asian, 30 Pacific Islander, 20,307 from other races, 1,951 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 37,913 persons; the Census reported that 42,144 people lived in households, 178 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 10,719 were institutionalized. There were 10,260 households, out of which 6,535 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 5,968 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 2,089 had a female householder with no husband present, 894 had a male householder with no wife present.
There were 833 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 61 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 990 households were made up of individuals and 424 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.11. There were 8,951 families; the population was spread out with 15,089 people under the age of 18, 7,813 people aged 18 to 24, 17,248 people aged 25 to 44, 9,644 people aged 45 to 64, 3,247 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 149.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 172.3 males. There were 10,713 housing units at an average density of 746.3 per square mile, of which 5,764 were owner-occupied, 4,496 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy r
Amtrak California is a brand name used by the California Department of Transportation Division of Rail on three state-supported Amtrak rail routes within the US State of California, the Capitol Corridor, the Pacific Surfliner, the San Joaquin. It includes an extensive network of Thruway Motorcoach bus connections, operated by private companies under contract; the three lines shared the use of "Amtrak California" branded Thruway trainsets. The National Railroad Passenger Corporation assumed operation of all intercity passenger rail in the United States in 1971. Service in California, as in most of the United States, was infrequent. In 1976 California began providing financial assistance to Amtrak. At the same time, Caltrans Division of Rail was formed to oversee state-financed rail operations and the brand Amtrak California started appearing on state-supported routes. In 1990, California passed Propositions 108 and 116, providing $3 billion for transportation projects, with a large portion going to rail service.
As a result, new locomotives and passenger cars were purchased by the state, existing inter-city routes expanded. A more distinct image for Amtrak California, such as painting locomotives and passenger cars in "California Color" of blue and yellow, was established with the arrival of new rolling stock. In 1998, while still funded by the state, the management of the Capitol Corridor was transferred to the Capitol Corridor Joint Powers Authority, formed by local jurisdictions of the line serves. In 2015 the management of the San Joaquin and the Pacific Surfliner were transferred to the San Joaquin Joint Powers Authority and the Los Angeles-San Diego-San Luis Obispo Rail Corridor Agency, respectively; as a result, the "Amtrak California" brand became less prominent in the websites and marketing materials. Amtrak California operates a fleet of EMD F59PHI, GE P32-8WH and Siemens Charger locomotives that are used on San Joaquin and Capitol Corridor trains; these locomotives carry the CDTX reporting marks.
The Pacific Surfliner trains used a dedicated fleet of 15 EMD F59PHI locomotives that are painted to match the livery of the "Surfliner" passenger cars, but they were Amtrak owned instead. These locomotives were sold to Metra in early 2018 and subsequently replaced by the Charger locomotives; the last Amtrak-owned F59PHI left for Chicago on March 1, 2019. Locomotives from Amtrak's national fleet such as P42DC are used as substitutes when the Amtrak California dedicated fleet of locomotives undergoes maintenance. Twenty-two additional locomotives built by Siemens will join Amtrak California's locomotive fleet starting from 2017; these locomotives, named Charger, were parts of a multi-state order funded by a combination of federal and state money. Illinois Department of Transportation, acting as the leading agency, awarded the order to Siemens on December 18, 2013. Caltrans ordered the first six with the initial order in 2013 exercised the option to buy 14 more locomotives in 2015 to replace Amtrak-owned locomotives used on Pacific Surfliner.
Two additional locomotives were ordered in 2016. Amtrak California's routes use bi-level, high-capacity passenger cars, dubbed the Surfliner and California Car. All of the California Cars are owned by the California Department of Transportation. Most of the Surfliner cars are owned by Amtrak with some owned by Caltrans; the design of the cars is based on Amtrak's Superliner bi-level passenger cars, but several changes were made to the design to make the car more suitable for corridor services with frequent stops. One important difference is that the Surfliner and California Car have two sets of automatic doors on each side instead of only one manually operated door on the Superliners, which speeds up boarding and alighting considerably. Additionally and California Car coaches are equipped with higher-density seating and bicycle racks to permit transport of unboxed bicycles. Consists on the San Joaquin, Capitol Corridor, Pacific Surfliner routes include between four and six cars, with one locomotive and a cab control car on the rear end.
In 2007, Amtrak California paid for the repair of seven wreck-damaged Superliner Coaches owned by Amtrak in exchange for a six-year lease, intended to add capacity on busy Capitol Corridor and San Joaquin trains. Four of the cars have been painted to match the "California car" livery and three have been painted to match the "Surfliner" livery; each car has the current Amtrak logo on the middle left side of each car. Superliner I/II coaches from Amtrak's national fleet are used on some consists due to shortages of inter-city "Surfliner" & "California cars." Increasing ridership on the San Joaquin led Amtrak California to purchase 14 Comet IB rail cars from NJ Transit in 2008 for $75,000 per car. Caltrans paid $20 million to have these former commuter cars refurbished and reconfigured to serve as intercity coaches at Amtrak's Beech Grove Shops. Caltrans has paid to lease and refurbish 3 Horizon dinettes and 3 Non-Powered Control Units; as the leading agency of a joint purchase agreement with the Midwest Coalition consisted of Illinois and Missouri, Caltrans awarded the 130 bilevel passenger car order to Nippon Sharyo on November 6, 2012, to be built at Nippon Sharyo's new factory at Rochelle, Illinois, of which 42 would have gone to California The design of new bilevel cars would have been based on existing California Cars with heavy involvement from Caltrans.
However, Siemens was selected to build new single level train cars after a car failed
Antelope Valley Transit Authority
Antelope Valley Transit Authority is the transit agency serving the cities of Palmdale and Northern Los Angeles County. Antelope Valley Transit Authority is operated under contract by Transdev, is affiliated with and offers connecting services with Metro and Metrolink; the cities of Palmdale and Lancaster and the Los Angeles County Department of Public Works jointly created the Antelope Valley Transit Authority in 1992 to meet the growing need for public transportation in the Antelope Valley. AVTA began local transit service on July 1, 1992 with three types of services: Transit and Dial-A-Ride. A fourth service, Access Services, was created in 1996 to provide the disabled with a local complementary paratransit service in line with the Americans with Disabilities Act. AVTA openedd a larger facility in 2004 to accommodate increased demand. On March 17, 2017, the system suffered a temporary strike by its drivers; the dispute was between the driver's union the system operator Transdev. After making their statement, the drivers elected to return to service by March 19 while negotiations between the parties continued.
However the drivers went on strike again, May 3 was the third walkout. As the dispute continued, drivers were locked out on August 22. AVTA has tripled the number of passenger trips in just over a decade of operation. To keep up with the increased need for transit services, AVTA opened a new, larger maintenance facility in Lancaster. AVTA pays for a much higher share of its costs through fares compared to other transit systems in Los Angeles County. AVTA offers some of its customers an innovative program designed to assist those in need, as well as a program to show appreciation to our armed forces, AVTA permits seniors and passengers who have a disability, with proper ID, to utilize its local bus system for free, during regular business hours. Pam Holland, spokesperson for AVTA, says, "This program offers those in need, a hand up, in their everyday life, some of which can't afford a car, let alone bus fare, now have the freedom, to use our system throughout the Antelope Valley, going grocery shopping, paying their bills, or going to their doctor's appointment for free on our local fixed routes, we are happy to offer this service, as well as, letting our military ride the local transit system for free as well, in appreciation of their sacrifice to our country."
In 2017, AVTA became the first transit agency in the United States to operate a 60-foot, articulated electric bus. The Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors recognized AVTA as an “Efficient Transit System”; the California Transit Association gave a “Transit Innovation Award” to AVTA in 1998 and a “Transit Image Award” in 1999. Commuter Services provides service to and from to major places of employment outside of the Antelope Valley. Commuter Services service is only operated Monday - Friday. Official website