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Automobiles Delaunay-Belleville was a French luxury automobile manufacturer at Saint-Denis, north of Paris. At the beginning of the 20th century they were among the most prestigious cars produced in the world, the most desirable French marque. Julien Belleville had been a maker of marine boilers from around 1850. Louis Delaunay married Belleville's daughter, he succeeded his father-in-law in charge of the company. S. A. Des Automobiles Delaunay-Belleville was formed in 1903 by Marius Barbarou. Barbarou's family owned the boiler making company St. Denis in Belleville, with boiler design influences inspired by the company. Barbarou 28, had experience working for Clément, Lorraine-Dietrich and Benz and was responsible for design and styling, including the trademark round grille shell; the first car was exhibited at the 1904 Paris Salon, it received enormous acclaim. The company started with three models, all fours: a live axled 16 hp and a 24 hp and 40 hp model, both chain-driven; these were the first automobiles to have pressure-lubricated camshafts.

The bodies were attached with just four bolts, the brakes were water-cooled, from a 2 imp gal reservoir. Delaunay-Belleville were a prestige marque, one of the world's leaders, from the outset, by 1906, Emperor Nicholas II of Russia had purchased a 40. Other royal owners included King Alphonso XIII of Spain; the first French car maker to offer a six-cylinder engine, Delaunay-Belleville's 70 hp became available only in 1909, only in small numbers, remaining in limited production until 1912. This model came to be known as the Type SMT, or Sa Majesté le Tsar, because Nicholas purchased one of the last 70s built, he ordered another in 1909. Like most prestige marques, the cars were sold as bare bodies were coachbuilt for them. Between 1906 and 1914, British imports were bodied by Shinnie Brothers, a Burlington subsidiary, in Aberdeen shipped to London for sale. Postwar, Continental bodies gained popularity, at least in Britain, as Belgium's D'Ieteren Frères became most associated with the company: their landaulette, on a 26 hp chassis, was priced in Britain at ₤900, between Napier and Rolls-Royce.

After Barbarou resigned, Delaunay-Belleville quality began to slip. In 1919, the company offered a 10 hp four-cylinder, undoubtedly the most expensive voiturette on the market, as well as a 15.9 hp four, the P4B, in 1922. New four-cylinder overhead valve 14/40 and 16/60 models appeared in 1926, the prewar 20 hp and 10 hp six-cylinder models continued to be produced until 1927; the last gasps were the 3,180 cc 21 hp six of 1928 and the 3,619 cc 21/75 OHV six of 1930. In 1931, Continental engines, imported from the US, were offered. By the late 1920s, Delaunay-Belleville had lost its prestige, converted to truck and military vehicle production. In 1936 the separate car company was merged with the Delaunay-Belleville parent. Production of the Delaunay-Belleville RI-6 continued through the late 1930s and was revived after the Second World War; this was a six-cylinder-engined car resembling the Mercedes-Benz 230, featuring independent suspension all-round. However, the business was in decline: anyone buying a RI-6 in the 1940s would have done so in the knowledge after-sales service might disappear soon.

Six cars were completed in 1947 and this sank to four during the first part of 1948. The company continued to advertise new cars for sale until 1950, but the factory was sold to Robert de Rovin in 1948 and thereafter used to make cyclecars. Delage Delahaye Wise, David Burgess. "Delahaye: Famous on Road and Race Track", in Ward, executive editor. World of Automobiles, Volume 5, pp. 525–526. London: Orbis, 1974. La Delaunay-Belleville, un fleuron de l'automobile, Pierre-Henri, Philippe et François Richer, Les Editions Page de Garde, Elbeuf. Media related to Delaunay-Belleville at Wikimedia Commons

Sirai Paravai

Sirai Paravai is a 1987 Tamil action drama film directed by Manobala, starring Vijayakanth and Raadhika. The film was a remake of Telugu film Jailu Pakshi. Vijayakanth as Rajasekaran Raadhika as Valli Baby Shalini Malaysia Vasudevan Venniradai Moorthy Senthil Lakshmi Soundtrack was composed by Ilaiyaraaja. Anandam Pongida - K. J. Yesudas, Sunanda Solli Tharen - Malaysia Vasudevan, Vani Jayaram Vechirukken - Malaysia Vasudevan Paavam Oru - Malaysia Vasudevan Sirai Paravai on IMDb

British R-class submarine

The R-class submarines were a class of 12 small British diesel-electric submarines built for the Royal Navy during World War I, were forerunners of the modern attack submarine, in that they were designed to attack and sink enemy submarines, their battery capacity and hull shape being optimized for underwater performance. With a submerged speed of 14 knots, the class set an underwater speed record not broken until the experimental Japanese Submarine No.71 of 1938, capable of more than 21 knots submerged. Ordered in December 1917, the R class were designed to be faster underwater than on the surface, achieving a submerged speed of 14 knots versus a surfaced speed of 9 knots, they were well-streamlined, having no external ballast tanks, casing, or deck gun, a streamlined spindle-shaped hull of circular cross-section which tapered towards the stern and allowed only for a single screw. The bulbous bow contained five sensitive hydrophones and the lightened conning tower was well-streamlined. Thirty-five percent of the space inside the pressure hull was occupied by machinery.

A single 8-cylinder 480 hp diesel engine was installed for surface propulsion, while high underwater speed was given by two large electric motors arranged one behind the other to drive the single propeller shaft, powered by a 200-cell battery of the same type fitted to J-class submarines. The large battery was, sufficient for only about an hour at full power. In addition, the engine took a full day to charge the batteries. Charging was therefore undertaken in harbour, using a supply of electricity from the shore or from special battery charging vessels. Despite being designed for maximum underwater performance, the R-class submarines were difficult to control submerged at high speeds. Surfaced, they were slow. Minor modifications were made to R4, the only submarine of the class to survive into the 1930s, which made it more manageable on the surface, but reduced its submerged speed to a maximum 13 knots; the R class were the first Royal Navy submarines to be fitted with six bow torpedo tubes, number of torpedoes being considered more important than range or size of warhead carried when attacking U-boats.

The torpedo tubes were the smaller 18-inch but changed to 21 inch. As designed, one spare torpedo was allowed for, but in operation six reloads were carried in place of the senior ratings' accommodation, it was intended to fit a 4-inch gun on the foredeck, but this was dropped due to the adverse effect it would have had on submerged speed. R1 through R4 were ordered from Chatham, R5 and R6 from Devonport, R7 and R8 from Vickers, R9 and R10 from Armstrong, R11 and R12 from Cammell Laird. In August 1919, with World War I over, R5 and R6 were cancelled, the rest being completed. To save time, they used H-class components. Operating out of Killybegs, one of the class tracked and fired on a German U-Boat in October 1918, firing a full salvo of six torpedoes of which only one hit but did not detonate. All but R4 and R10 were sold for scrap in 1923; the two survivors were relegated to ASW training at Portland. Pitched against poor performing naval trawlers the trawlers were no match to the high performance of the submarines.

R10 was sold in 1929, while R4 survived as a fast underwater target at Portland until 1934. * Cancelled while under construction Colledge, J. J.. Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy. London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. Fitzsimons, Bernard, ed.. Encyclopedia of 20th Century Weapons and Warfare. 20. London: Phoebus Publishing. Gardiner, Robert. WARSHIP 1993. Conway Maritime Press. Gunston, Bill. Submarines in Colour. Blandford Colour Series. ISBN 0-7137-0780-1. Preston, Anthony. Submarines - The History and Evolution of Underwater Fighting Vessels. Octopus Books. ISBN 0-7064-0429-7. Media related to British R class submarines at Wikimedia Commons

H&R Block Tax Software

H&R Block at Home was a tax preparation program offered by H&R Block. As of 2014, both online and software versions of the product go by H&R Block, it was called "TaxCut" and from 2008-2013 named "H&R Block at Home". H&R Block is a tax preparation company, headquartered at Kansas City. H&R Block offers in-person tax filing and consumer tax software for online tax preparation and electronic filing from their website. There are a variety of software and online products including, H&R Block Online Free, H&R Block Online Deluxe, H&R Block Online Premium, H&R Block Basic Tax Software, H&R Block Deluxe Tax Software, H&R Block Premium Tax Software and H&R Block Premium & Business Tax Software. Either the online or software versions will prepare and file one's federal and state income tax returns with the IRS with the option of electronically filing and direct depositing an applicable tax refund into a specified bank account. H&R Block Online Tax Filing H&R Block Tax Software The New York Times: Best Tax Software Reviews

Pohjois-Haaga railway station

Pohjois-Haaga railway station is a railway station on the Helsinki commuter rail network located in northern Helsinki, Finland. It is located about eight kilometres to the north/northwest of Helsinki Central railway station; the Pohjois-Haaga station is located in the district of Lassila, between the stations of Huopalahti and Kannelmäki. It is the first station after the split between the Vantaankoski track and the rantarata track towards Turku. Near the station, from underneath the track on the bridge, is a light traffic route, which can be used to follow the train tracks all the way to the city centre. On the other hand, the tracks cannot be followed to the north towards Kannelmäki, because after Pohjois-Haaga, the tracks continue on a narrow bridge. Sometimes, pedestrians use the bridge anyway to get to the other side of Kehä I; this has caused dangerous situations. The Helsinki City Transport takes responsibility of the station. Media related to Pohjois-Haaga railway station at Wikimedia Commons

Florence Oberle

Florence Oberle was a stage and film actress from Tarrytown, New York. Born in 1869, Oberle appeared on the New York City stage in Morosco Theatre and David Belasco productions until 1915, she was once billed as the most beautiful woman on the American stage. In California Oberle played opposite theatrical stars like Edward Everett Horton and Trixie Friganza, her last appearance on stage came in 1931. In 1915 Oberle signed with Essanay Studios, a pioneer film studio of the silent movie era, she performed with Charles Ray and various Hollywood actors at Keystone Studios, Triangle Studios, Famous Players. Among her films are The White Sister, When My Lady Smiles, Separating From Sarah, The Invisible Web, Her Country First, Smudge. Oberle lived for many years in Illinois; when she retired she came to reside in Los Angeles, California, in 1931. Her home was at 1237 West 96th Street, she was the widow of Thomas Oberle, a matinee idol who died in the early years of the twentieth century. Florence Oberle died at the Little Romano Sanitarium in North Glendale, California, in 1943.

She was seventy-three years old. Florence Oberle on IMDb