Delaware Valley University
Delaware Valley University is a private university in Doylestown, Pennsylvania. Founded in 1896, it enrolls 1,800 students on its suburban, 570-acre campus. DelVal offers more than 25 undergraduate majors, six master's programs, a doctoral program, a variety of adult education courses. Delaware Valley University opened in 1896 as the National Farm School and offered a three-year curriculum teaching "science with practice" on the school's own farm in Doylestown, Pennsylvania, its founder and first president, Joseph Krauskopf, was an activist Reform rabbi who, inspired by discussions with Leo Tolstoy, hoped to train Jewish immigrants to the United States as farmers. In its early years the school's main private funder was the Federation of Jewish Charities of Philadelphia, but the institution received funding from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and was open to men from all ethnic and religious backgrounds, it first admitted women in 1969. The school opened with only two teachers and eight students, but by 1904 enrollment had grown to 45.
Following the Second World War, the school became a four-year college and added additional academic programs, changing its name to Delaware Valley College of Science and Agriculture. It added its first graduate programs in 1998. In 2011, the college dedicated a 398-acre Gemmill Campus in Jamison, after a gift from the Gemmill family of land and money in order to further the college's strategic plan. In December 2014, the college was granted university status. A few months its name changed to Delaware Valley University on April 8, 2015; the school enrolls about 1,700 full-time undergraduates and more than 300 part-time students in the college's evening college, weekend college, graduate programs. The university is organized into four schools and colleges: School of Agriculture and Environmental Science, School of Life and Physical Science, School of Business and Humanities, School of Graduate and Professional Studies. DelVal, as it is called, had a for-credit employment program that required students to work 500 hours in an area of their major.
The program is part of the college’s legacy of linking theoretical learning with practical training. Each department at the college is incorporating E360 into its curriculum. Many graduates of Delaware Valley University take positions with the pharmaceutical and food industries, work in government or business, go on to become veterinarians or start their own companies. Delaware Valley University offers 26 bachelor's degrees and two associate degrees in three schools: the School of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, the School of Business and Humanities, School of Life and Physical Sciences. Delaware Valley University has pre-professional programs. DelVal offers an Honors Program that gives students the opportunity to have smaller classes, individualized their program, study more with faculty, study abroad; the School of Graduate and Professional Studies offers six master's degrees – counseling psychology, policy studies, educational leadership, special education and learning, an MBA – as well as a doctoral degree in educational leadership.
The Office of Continuing and Professional Studies offers several for credit degrees and certificates along with noncredit options. For the 2014–15 academic year, DelVal launched a program that allows students to have small pets in one of the residence halls. Students, working with faculty and staff, created the pet-friendly program. In its second year, the program will expand to other residence halls. DelVal fields 22 men’s and women’s teams in Division III of the NCAA. DelVal is affiliated with the MAC Freedom of the Middle Atlantic Conferences. Men's Sports: Baseball, Cross Country, Golf, Soccer, Track & Field, Wrestling. Women's Sports: Basketball, Cross Country, Field Hockey, Lacrosse, Softball, Track & Field, Volleyball. DelVal has a year-round program of intramural sports including flag football and softball, one-day tournaments, a 100-miles run club and dodge ball; the school is a member of the Intercollegiate Horse Show Association, where members can compete in both Hunt Seat and Western shows.
In addition, dressage riders can compete in Intercollegiate Dressage Association shows. The school is home to a vaulting team. On October 22, 2013, U. S. News & World Report listed Delaware Valley College as one of the top ten colleges in the nation for student internship participation. U. S. News & World Report ranked Delaware Valley College #19 in its 2015 edition of Best Colleges in Regional Colleges; the Princeton Review listed Delaware Valley College as one of their top 226 schools in the North East. The U. S. Department of Veterans Affairs lists Delaware Valley as one of their Yellow Ribbon Program schools. Named to "10 Colleges with the Highest Rate of Student Internships," U. S. News, 2013. Henry Schmieder Arboretum Roth Living Farm Museum Jacob Joseph Taubenhaus, 1904, plant pathologist Thomas W. Watson, 1957, CEO Charles R. Wira, 1962, Scientist of Physiology and Neurobiology Ted Cottrell, 1969, NFL football player and coach Kenneth Roux, 1970, biologist Laura Owen, 1979, business executive and entrepreneur Rasheed Bailey, 2015, signed with the Philadelphia Eagles as a rookie free agent following the 2015 NFL Draft Aaron Wilmer, 2015, signed with the BC Lions of the CFL as a rookie free agent following the 2015 college season.
Parts of the university's campus were used in the filming of the 2002 film Signs. Official website Official athl
U.S. Route 202 in Pennsylvania
U. S. Route 202 runs through the southeastern part of the U. S. state of Pennsylvania, passing through the northern suburbs of Philadelphia. It follows a general southwest to northeast direction through the state, passing through or by West Chester, King of Prussia, Montgomeryville and New Hope. US 202 enters Pennsylvania from Delaware in Bethel Township, Delaware County, heading north on four-lane divided Wilmington-West Chester Pike; the road soon crosses into Concord Township and continues past commercial development, coming to an intersection with the western terminus of PA 491 in the community of Johnsons Corners. Past this intersection, the route splits into a one-way pair carrying two lanes in each direction and heads northwest past businesses and some homes, coming to a junction with Smithbridge Road in the community of Elam. Both directions of US 202 rejoin and the route heads north as a four-lane divided highway into Chadds Ford Township, where it becomes a five-lane road with a center left-turn lane and runs through more commercial areas.
The road passes through the community of Brandywine Summit and becomes a four-lane divided highway again, curving northwest and running along the border between Chadds Ford Township to the southwest and Concord Township to the northeast. The route comes to an intersection with US 1/US 322 in the community of Painters Crossing, where US 322 turns northwest for a concurrency with US 202. US 202/US 322 heads northwest along a four-lane divided highway between businesses to the southwest and an office park to the northeast; the road enters a mix of fields and commercial development and enters Chadds Ford Township, running a short distance to the west of the border with Thornbury Township. The two routes pass to the west of a residential development before reaching an intersection with Dilworthtown Road. Upon crossing Dilworthtown Road, US 202/US 322 enters Birmingham Township in Chester County and continues northwest along four-lane divided Wilmington Pike past businesses a short distance west of the Thornbury Township border.
The road passes between suburban residential neighborhoods. The two routes head into business areas and reach an intersection with PA 926 in the community of Darlington Corner. Upon crossing PA 926, US 202/US 322 heads into Westtown Township and runs between farmland to the west and wooded residential neighborhoods to the east; the road runs past more homes and commercial establishments, coming to a jughandle-controlled intersection at Skiles Boulevard. Past here, two routes head north-northwest through wooded areas of businesses. US 202/US 322 comes to a trumpet interchange with the south end of the West Chester Bypass, which bypasses the borough of West Chester to the east. At this point, US 202/US 322 head northeast onto the four-lane divided West Chester Bypass into West Goshen Township, while US 322 Bus. continues north on South High Street into West Chester. US 202/US 322 follow the bypass past industrial parks to an at-grade intersection with South Matlack Street, at which point the bypass becomes a four-lane freeway.
The highway passes over the West Chester Railroad. Past this, the freeway comes to a diamond interchange at Westtown Road. US 202/US 322 continues north near residential neighborhoods and reaches an interchange with PA 3. Following this, the two routes come to an interchange serving Paoli Pike; the freeway continues near residential and commercial development before coming to a northbound exit and southbound entrance where US 322 splits from US 202 to continue along the two-lane West Chester Bypass to the north of West Chester. Past the US 322 split, US 202 heads north as a four-lane freeway near business parks and passes to the west of Brandywine Airport, at which point it comes to a northbound exit and southbound entrance at the southern terminus of the PA 100 freeway; the route heads north-northeast near more business parks before it runs near wooded neighborhoods and comes to a diamond interchange at Boot Road. Following this, the freeway crosses into East Goshen Township and curves to the north-northwest, entering West Whiteland Township and passing through more wooded areas with nearby homes and commercial development.
US 202 bends to the northeast and comes to a bridge over Amtrak's Philadelphia to Harrisburg Main Line before it reaches an interchange with US 30 and the eastern terminus of US 30 Bus. at Lincoln Highway. At this interchange, US 30 heads west on a freeway and east on at-grade Lincoln Highway while US 30 Bus. heads west along Lincoln Highway. From here, the route crosses into East Whiteland Township; the highway passes to the northwest of the community of Frazer, running through a mix of fields and residential and commercial development. The freeway passes over the Chester Valley Trail. After this interchange, the route heads through wooded areas. US 202 comes to an interchange with PA 29 in a commercial area to the south of the Great Valley Corporate Center and the Penn State Great Valley Campus. Following this, the freeway continues east-northeast near commercial development before crossing into Tredyffrin Township and running through wooded areas with nearby residential neighborhoods, with the Chester Valley Trail parallel to the south.
Farther east, the route southbound entrance at Swedesford Road. US 202 curves northeast and runs near business parks, curving east to reach an interchange at Chesterbrook Boulevard south of the community of Chesterbrook. A short distance the freeway has a southbound exit to southbound PA 252 and northbound entrance from northbound PA 252; the route heads east, with PA 252 parallel to the south
30th Street Station
30th Street Station is an intermodal transit station in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It is Philadelphia's main railroad station, is a major stop on Amtrak's Northeast and Keystone corridors, it doubles as a major commuter rail station. It is served by several SEPTA city and suburban buses, as well as buses operated by NJ Transit and intercity operators, it is the tenth-busiest train station in the United States. The station is located at 2955 Market Street, it is located in Philadelphia's University City neighborhood, just across the Schuylkill River from Center City. The building, which first opened in 1933, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Amtrak's code for the station is PHL, its IATA Airport Code is ZFV on United because Amtrak's service to Newark Liberty International Airport is codeshared with United Airlines. 30th Street Station is Amtrak's third-busiest station, by far the busiest of the 24 stations served in Pennsylvania, serving 4,411,662 passengers in fiscal year 2017.
On an average day in fiscal 2013, about 12,000 people boarded or left trains in Philadelphia, nearly twice as many as in the rest of the Pennsylvania stations combined. The Pennsylvania Railroad, headquartered in Philadelphia, acquired tunnel rights from the Schuylkill River to 15th Street from the city of Philadelphia in return for land that the city needed to construct the Benjamin Franklin Parkway; this allowed the company to build both Suburban Station and the 30th Street Station, which replaced Broad Street station as the latter was too small. Broad Street Station was a stub-end terminal in Center City and through trains had to back in and out, the company wanted a location which would accommodate trains between New York City and Washington. D. C. Broad St. station handled a large commuter operation, which the new underground Suburban Station was built to handle. The Chicago architectural firm of Graham, Anderson and White, the successor to D. H. Burnham & Company, designed the structure known as Pennsylvania Station–30th Street in accord with the naming style of other Pennsylvania Stations.
Its design was influenced by the Northeast Corridor electrification that allowed trains to pass beneath the station without exposing passengers to soot as steam engines of earlier times had. The station had a number of innovative features, including a pneumatic tube system, an electronic intercom, a reinforced roof with space for small aircraft to land, contained a mortuary, a chapel and more than 3,000 square feet of hospital space. Construction began in 1927 and the station opened in 1933, starting with two platform tracks; the vast waiting room is faced with travertine and the coffered ceiling is painted gold and cream. The building's exterior has columned porte-cocheres on the west and east facade, shows a balance between classical and modern architectural styles.30th Street Station had a Solari board dating back to the 1970s that displayed train departure times, the last such board at an Amtrak station as all the others had been replaced with digital boards. On November 30, 2018, Amtrak announced that the Solari board at 30th Street Station will be replaced with a digital board in January 2019.
Upon retirement, the Solari board will be relocated to the Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania in Strasburg. However, on December 11, 2018, Amtrak announced it will reconsider its decision to replace the Solari board after Congressman Brendan Boyle contacted Amtrak CEO Richard H. Anderson and urged for the Solari board to remain at the station. Amtrak says; the sign will be temporarily housed at the Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania until the 30th Street Station renovations are complete. Amtrak removed the Solari board from 30th Street Station on January 26, 2019. On February 28, 2019, the new digital board at 30th Street Station began operation. In 2005, Philadelphia-based Pew Charitable Trust asked Amtrak to change the name of 30th Street Station to "Ben Franklin Station" as part of the celebration of Ben Franklin's 300th birthday in January 2006; the cost of replacing signs at the station was estimated at $3 million. In January, Philadelphia Mayor John Street threw his support behind the name change, but others had mixed reactions to the proposal.
Pennsylvania Governor Ed Rendell, a former mayor of Philadelphia, was lukewarm, while Amtrak officials worried that a "Ben" station could be confused with its other three "Penn" stations. On January 25, 2006, Pew abandoned the campaign. In August 2014, a federal law was passed that will change the name of the station to William H. Gray III 30th Street Station in honor of the late congressman. At the time, the change was scheduled to occur "in the next few months"; the building is owned by Amtrak and houses many Amtrak corporate offices, although Amtrak is headquartered at Union Station in Washington, D. C; the 562,000 ft² facility features a cavernous main passenger concourse with ornate Art Deco decor. Prominently displayed is the Pennsylvania Railroad World War II Memorial, which honors Pennsylvania Railroad employees killed in World War II, it consists of a bronze statue of the archangel Michael lifting the body of a dead soldier out of the flames of war, was sculpted by Walker Hancock in 1950.
On the four sides of the base of that sculpture are the 1,307 names of those employees in alphabetical order. The building was restored in 1991 by Dan Peter Kopple & Associates; when the station was renovated, updated retail amen
A side platform is a platform positioned to the side of a pair of tracks at a railway station, tram stop, or transitway. Dual side platform stations, one for each direction of travel, is the basic station design used for double-track railway lines. Side platforms may result in a wider overall footprint for the station compared with an island platform where a single width of platform can be shared by riders using either track. In some stations, the two side platforms are connected by a footbridge running above and over the tracks. While a pair of side platforms is provided on a dual-track line, a single side platform is sufficient for a single-track line. Where the station is close to a level crossing the platforms may either be on the same side of the crossing road or alternatively may be staggered in one of two ways. With the'near-side platforms' configuration, each platform appears before the intersection and with'far-side platforms' they are positioned after the intersection. In some situations a single side platform can be served by multiple vehicles with a scissors crossing provided to allow access mid-way along its length.
Most stations with two side platforms have an'Up' platform, used by trains heading towards the primary destination of the line, with the other platform being the'Down' platform which takes trains heading the opposite way. The main facilities of the station are located on the'Up' platform with the other platform accessed from a footbridge, subway or a track crossing. However, in many cases the station's main buildings are located on whichever side faces the town or village the station serves. Larger stations may have two side platforms with several island platforms in between; some are in a Spanish solution format, with two side platforms and an island platform in between, serving two tracks. Island platform Split platform
The Lansdale/Doylestown Line is a SEPTA Regional Rail line connecting Center City Philadelphia to Doylestown in Bucks County, Pennsylvania. Until 1981, diesel-powered trains continued on the Bethlehem Branch from Lansdale to Quakertown and Allentown. Restored service has been proposed, but is not planned by SEPTA; the line is used by the East Penn Railroad, serving Quakertown's industrial complexes and distribution centers. The Lansdale/Doylestown Line utilizes what is known as the SEPTA Main Line, a four-track line, owned by SEPTA since 1983, the former Reading Railroad Doylestown Branch; the main part of the line, from Philadelphia north to Lansdale, was part of the Reading Railroad's route from Philadelphia to Bethlehem, to Wilkes-Barre and Scranton. Arriving and departing at the former Reading Terminal, now part of the Pennsylvania Convention Center, the line has, since 1985, been directly connected to the ex-PRR/Penn Central side by the Center City Commuter Rail Tunnel. Unlike the ex-PRR/Penn Central Paoli/Thorndale Line it is paired with for through-service, the ex-RDG line was not as built, as the RDG segregated its through-freight and passenger movements.
While the four-track section between the tunnel and Wayne Junction and the two-track section from Wayne Junction to Jenkintown are grade-separated, the two-track section from Jenkintown to Lansdale and the single track from Lansdale to Doylestown has both at-grade railroad crossings and over- and underpasses. Electrified service between Philadelphia and Hatboro, Lansdale and West Trenton was opened on July 26, 1931. Equipment consisted of dark green painted electric multiple unit cars built at the Reading's own shops; some of the cars were rebuilt during the 1960s receiving air conditioning, refreshed interior and a new blue paint scheme resulting in their being referred to as "Blueliners". Today, the line uses the Silverliner family of EMU cars which operate throughout SEPTA's Regional Rail system. Service to Bethlehem and the Lehigh Valley languished due to the post-World War II surge of the automobile as well as the opening of the Pennsylvania Turnpike Northeast Extension in 1957. Service north of Lansdale in the non-electrified territory was terminated by SEPTA on July 29, 1981.
Trackage north of Quakertown was dismantled after the railbed was leased for use as the interim Saucon Rail Trail. Between 1984–2010 the route was designated R5 Doylestown and R5 Lansdale as part of SEPTA's diametrical reorganization of its lines. Lansdale and Doylestown trains operated through the city center to the Paoli Line on the ex-Pennsylvania side of the system; the R-number naming system was dropped on July 25, 2010. As of 2018, most Lansdale/Doylestown Line trains continue through Center City to Malvern or Thorndale on the Paoli/Thorndale Line. On August 29, 2011, SEPTA adjusted the midday service pattern to encourage ridership at Colmar station, which had available parking capacity adjacent to Pennsylvania Route 309; every other train turned back at Lansdale. On December 18, 2011, SEPTA eliminated weekend service at Link Belt and New Britain due to low ridership. In the fall of 2012, New Britain was added back to the weekend schedule as a flag stop. A large parking garage is to be built at Lansdale station.
9th Street station opened nearby on November 15, 2015 as an alternate parking location during construction. SEPTA activated positive train control on the Lansdale/Doylestown Line from Doylestown to Glenside on June 13, 2016. Positive train control was activated from Glenside to Fern Rock on December 12, 2016 and from Fern Rock to 30th Street on January 9, 2017; the Lansdale/Doylestown Line makes the following station stops after leaving the Center City Commuter Connection. Between FY 2008–FY 2014 yearly ridership on the Lansdale/Doylestown Line has held steady at 4.6 million, save for a brief dip to 4.3 million in FY 2010–2011. "SEPTA – Lansdale/Doylestown line schedule"
New Britain station
New Britain station is a SEPTA Regional Rail station in New Britain, Pennsylvania. Located at Tamenend and Matthews Avenues, it serves the Lansdale/Doylestown Line. On December 18, 2011, weekend service was discontinued at this station due to low ridership. In the fall of 2012, New Britain was added back to the weekend schedule as a flag stop; the station continues to have full service on weekdays. In FY 2013, the station had a weekday average of 51 boardings and 58 alightings. SEPTA - New Britain Station Former New Britain P&R Station Image December 28, 2001 southbound view by Bob Vogel Station from Tamenend Avenue from Google Maps Street View
The Reading Company was a company, involved in the railroad industry in southeast Pennsylvania and neighboring states from 1924 until 1976. Called the Reading Railroad and logotyped as Reading Lines, the Reading Company was a railroad holding company for the majority of its existence and was a railroad during its years, it was a successor to the Philadelphia and Reading Railway Company founded in 1833. Until the decline in anthracite loadings in the Coal Region after World War II, it was one of the most prosperous corporations in the United States. Competition with the modern trucking industry that used the Interstate highway system for short distance transportation of goods known as short hauls, compounded the company's problems, forcing it into bankruptcy in the 1970s, its railroad operations were merged into Conrail in 1976, but the corporation lasted into 2000, disposing of valuable real estate holdings. The Philadelphia and Reading Railroad was one of the first railroads in the United States.
Along with the Little Schuylkill, a horse-drawn railroad in the Schuylkill River Valley, it formed the earliest components of what became the Reading Company. The P&R was constructed to haul anthracite coal from the mines in northeastern Pennsylvania's Coal Region to Philadelphia; the original P&R mainline extended south from the mining town of Pottsville to Reading and onward to Philadelphia, following the graded banks of the Schuylkill River for nearly all of the 93-mile journey. The line contained double track upon its completion in 1843; the P&R became profitable immediately. Energy-dense coal had been replacing scarce wood as fuel in businesses and homes since the 1810s, P&R-delivered coal was one of the first alternatives to the near-monopoly held by Lehigh Coal & Navigation Company since the 1820s. Soon the P&R bought or leased many of the railroads in the Schuylkill River Valley and extended westward and north along the Susquehanna into the southern end of the Coal Region. In Philadelphia, the Reading built Port Richmond, the self-proclaimed "Largest owned railroad tidewater terminal in the world", which burnished the P&R's bottom lines by allowing coal to be loaded onto ships and barges for export.
In 1871, the Reading established a subsidiary called the Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company, which set about buying anthracite coal mines in the Coal Region. This vertical expansion gave the P&R full control of coal from mining through to market, allowing it to compete with like-organized competitors such as Lehigh Coal & Navigation and the Delaware & Hudson Canal Company; the heavy investment in coal paid off quickly. By 1871, the Reading was the largest company in the world, with $170,000,000 in gross value, may have been the first conglomerate in the world. In 1879, the Reading gained control of the North Pennsylvania Railroad and gained access to the burgeoning steel industry in the Lehigh Valley; the Reading further expanded its coal empire by reaching New York City by gaining control of the Delaware and Bound Brook Railroad in 1879, building the Port Reading Railroad in 1892 with a line from Port Reading Junction to the Port Reading on the Arthur Kill. This allowed direct delivery of coal to industries in the Port of New York and New Jersey in northeastern New Jersey and New York City by rail and barge instead of the longer trip by ships from Port Richmond around Cape May.
Instead of broadening its rail network, the Reading invested its vast wealth in anthracite and its transport in the mid-19th century. This led to financial trouble in the 1870s. In 1890, Reading president Archibald A. McLeod saw that more riches could be earned by expanding its rail network and becoming a trunk railroad. McLeod went about trying to control neighboring railroads in 1891, he was able to gain control of the Lehigh Valley Railroad, Central Railroad of New Jersey, the Boston and Maine Railroad. The Reading achieved its goal of becoming a trunk road, but the deal was scuttled by J. P. Morgan and other rail barons, who did not want more competition in the northeastern railroad business; the Reading was relegated to a regional railroad for the rest of its history. The Philadelphia and Reading Rail Road was chartered April 4, 1833, to build a line between Philadelphia and Reading, along the Schuylkill River; the portion from Reading to Norristown opened July 16, 1838, the full line December 9, 1839.
Its Philadelphia terminus was at the state-owned Philadelphia and Columbia Railroad on the west side of the Schuylkill River, from which it ran east on the P&C over the Columbia Bridge and onto the city-owned City Railroad to a depot at the southeast corner of Broad and Cherry Streets. An extension northwest from Reading to Mount Carbon on the Schuylkill River, opened on January 13, 1842, allowing the railroad to compete with the Schuylkill Canal. At Mount Carbon, it connected with the earlier Mount Carbon Railroad, continuing through Pottsville to several mines, would be extended to Williamsport. On May 17, 1842, a freight branch from West Falls to Port Richmond on the Delaware River north of downtown Philadelphia opened. Port Richmond became a large coal terminal. On January 1, 1851, the Belmont Plane on the Philadelphia and Columbia Railroad, just west of the Reading's connection, was abandoned in favor of a new bypass, the portion of the line east of it was sold to the Reading, the only company that continued using the old route.
The Lebanon Valley Railroad was chartered in 1836 to build from Reading west to Harrisburg. Reading financed the construction of the Rutherford Yard to compete with the PRR's nearby Enola Yard; the Reading took it over and began construction in 1854, opening the line in 1856. This