Rimskaya is a Moscow Metro station in the Tagansky District, Central Administrative Okrug, Moscow. It is between Chkalovskaya and Krestyanskaya Zastava stations. Rimskaya opened on 28 December 1995 as part of the original stage of the Lyublinsky radius the station was named after the Italian capital Rome, the architects L. Popov and N. Rostegnyaeva applied the theme accordingly; the station is a unique and an unusual project where a column-trivault design is applied but with no underplatform spacing and all of the infrastructure sitting on a massive monolithic plate. Located on a depth of 54 metres; the wide square columns are faced with grey marble. The ceiling is made of aluminium. Black, red and white granite slants are used for the floor; the real decorations come from the Italian sculpturors including a fountain with typical Roman columns and a child sculpture in the far end of the central hall and four medallions including a she-wolf, Remus and a triumphal archway in Rome. The station is a transfer to the Ploshchad Ilicha of the Kalininskaya Line, carried out by walkways from the sides of the central hall.
The station's vestibule is located under Rogozhskaya Zastava square. Metro.ru MyMetro.ru News.metro.ru KartaMetro.info — Station location and exits on Moscow map
Taganskaya (Tagansko–Krasnopresnenskaya line)
Taganskaya is a Moscow Metro station in the Tagansky District, Central Administrative Okrug, Moscow. It is between Kitay-gorod and Proletarskaya stations. Taganskaya opened in 1966 as part of the start of the Zdanovsky radius; the station's decoration is stylish for the 1960s functional designs. Because the deep pylon trivault offers more potential for decorations, architects Nina Alyoshina and Yury Vdovin exploited this. Decorating the white marbled pylons with brown marble stripes; the white and black ceramic tiles and are decorated with metallic artworks with a space theme. The floor is covered with grey granite; the underground vestibule of the station is interlinked with the subway under the Bolshaya Kammenka street. The surface staircases of which are protected from the weather with glazed concrete pavilions; when the station was opened it was the terminus of the Zhdanovskaya line until 1970. Behind the station is a junction link allowing the train to reverse it leads onto a service link branch to the Koltsevaya line.
From the start the station was designed as a transfer point with the western escalators leading on to the Taganskaya station of the Koltsevaya line. In 1979, with the construction of the Marksistskaya station of the Kalininskaya line, three staircases were built into the northern wall. Mymetro KartaMetro.info – Station location and exits on Moscow map
Vnukovo International Airport
Vnukovo International Airport, is a dual-runway international airport located 28 kilometres southwest of the centre of Moscow, Russia. It is one of the four major airports that serve Moscow, along with Moscow Domodedovo Airport, Sheremetyevo International Airport, Zhukovsky International Airport. In 2015, the airport handled 15.82 million passengers, representing an increase of 24% compared to the previous year. It is the third-busiest airport in Russia. Vnukovo is Moscow's oldest operating airport, it was opened and used for military operations during the Second World War, but became a civilian facility after the war. Its construction was approved by the Soviet government in 1937, because the older Khodynka Aerodrome was becoming overloaded. Vnukovo was opened on 1 July 1941. During the Great Patriotic War, it was used as a military airbase. On 15 September 1956, the Tupolev Tu-104 jetliner made its first passenger flight from Moscow Vnukovo to Irkutsk via Omsk. On 4 November 1957, a plane carrying Romanian Workers' Party officials, including the most prominent politicians of Communist Romania, was involved in an accident at Vnukovo Airport.
Preoteasa, Minister of Foreign Affairs at the time, was killed, as was the aircraft's crew. Several others were injured; the first passenger flights of the IL-18 and Tu-114 were made from Vnukovo Airport. In 1980, Vnukovo was expanded because of the 22nd Summer Olympic Games. In 1993, Vnukovo Airport became a joint-stock company. A massive reconstruction and strategic development programme commenced at Vnukovo International in late 2003, following the transfer by the Federal Government of the controlling stake in the airport to the Government of Moscow; as part of the Airport Strategic Development Plan, the following projects were completed between 2003 and 2005: April 2004: New Terminal B was opened. The terminal handles international passengers, but in the future, it will be converted to handle domestic flights or to fulfill any other dedicated functions to be determined at a date. The terminal's total floor space offering stands at 80,000 square meters, allowing for an annual passenger throughput capacity of four million.
August 2005: Vnukovo's Aeroexpress rail link to Kiyevsky Rail Terminal was opened. December 2010: New Terminal A was opened. Summer 2016: all flights served by Terminal B transferred into Terminal A, Terminal B is closed. Vnukovo is Europe's busiest airport for international flights by larger private planes. Of the three Moscow airports, Vnukovo is the highest. Hence, in case of fog, it has served as an alternative airport; the airfield has 3,060 metres in length. Each runway is 60 metres wide, with 10 metres wide safety shoulders on each side; the joint runway capacity is 60 aircraft movements per hour. Runway 24 is used for departures, while Runway 01 for landings; the airport has two passenger terminals, one general aviation terminal, one cargo terminal, 60 aircraft stands. The airport can handle a maximum of 10,100 passengers per hour, 4,000 people are employed there. In 2013, the airport handled 11.18 million passengers, representing a 15.3% increase compared to 2012. In February 2014 the airport handled 722,500 passengers, an increase of 23.8% compared to February 2013 attributed to expansion by Utair.
Vnukovo Airport is equipped with a VIP hall, used by many political leaders and important people visiting Russia. The Russian President uses Vnukovo's VIP facility; the Tupolev airliner rework facility is located at the edge of the airport, major overhaul and modification programmes are carried out in several large aircraft hangars. On the northern perimeter of the airport, the government VIP transport wing is located, operating head-of-state flights for high-ranking government officials. Thus, the airport is closed for regular flights when VIP flights arrive or depart; the prospective development programme is intended to last until the year 2015, is aimed at transforming Vnukovo International into a competitive air transportation hub of international significance – one that would offer a comprehensive range of quality services to both its passengers and its tenant carriers. A new international passenger Terminal A will have a total floor space of 250,000 square metres and passenger throughput capacity of 7,800 passengers per hour, making a total capacity of 18–20 million passengers annually.
This will open up a plethora of opportunities for the tenant airlines to expand and radically improve the quality of their customer service at the airport, ensure the introduction of international-quality service and comfort overall. The sprawling terminal building will be located on the site of the existing domestic passenger terminal, will serve as a springboard for the subsequent development of the entire adjacent landside area both next to the terminal and further out towards Vnukovo Settlement; the oldest of the Vnukovo passenger terminals, dating back to 1941, will be demolished by the time construction of the new one goes ahead. The existing Domestic Terminal 2, built in the late 1970s, will continue in operation until its eventual dem
Novokuznetskaya is a Moscow Metro station on the Zamoskvoretskaya Line. The station was opened on November 20, 1943. Construction of the station began shortly after the launch of the second stage in 1938. Despite World War II the station was opened on time. In 1978 the platform was lengthened; this part is in a more modern style than the rest of the station. The station honors the Soviet fighting men with its heavy ornamentation; the architects, I. Taranov and N. Bykova, won a USSR State Prize for their design; the decorations include seven octagonal ceiling mosaics by V. Frolov on the theme of wartime industry and bas-reliefs running along the base of the ceiling depicting the soldiers of the Red Army in combat; the pink and white marble pylons are decorated with cast-bronze portraits of Russian war heroes like Mikhail Kutuzov and Alexander Nevsky. Floor lamps, long since replaced with more up-to-date lighting in other Metro stations, still give Novokuznetskaya an atmosphere of brooding shadow. There is an urban legend that the station's ornate benches were made of Carrara marble taken from the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour just before it was demolished, but it is not true, the marble was from Ural, not Italy.
Novokuznetskaya's round entrance vestibule is located off Pyatnitskaya Street, north of the intersection with Klimentovsky Street. From this station it is possible to transfer to Tretyakovskaya, a cross-platform station serving both the Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya Line and the Kalininskaya Line. Metro.ru mymetro.ru KartaMetro.info — Station location and exits on Moscow map
Petrovsky Park is a station on the Bolshaya Koltsevaya and Kalininsko–Solntsevskaya lines of the Moscow Metro. It served the eastern terminus of the line until 30 December 2018, when the extension of Bolshaya Koltsevaya to Savyolovskaya opened, it opened on 26 February 2018 as one of five initial stations on the new line. Petrovsky Park allows transfers to Dinamo Station on the Zamoskvoretskaya line, it is in the Aeroport District of Moscow near Petrovsky Park and Petrovsky Palace in northern Moscow. It is adjacent to VTB Arena, which will be the home stadium of FC Dynamo Moscow and one of the venues of the 2018 FIFA World Cup; the station is named for Petrovsky Park. There are entrances on both sides of Leningradsky Prospekt; the interior of the station includes images of the 18th century palace as well as silouettes of trees to invoke images of the park. The flared columns are made of marble, while the floors consists of granit tiles
Shelepikha (Moscow Central Circle)
Shelepikha is a station on the Moscow Central Circle of the Moscow Metro. Mkzd.ru
The Moskva River is a river of western Russia. It rises about 140 km west of Moscow, flows east through the Smolensk and Moscow Oblasts, passing through central Moscow. About 110 km south east of Moscow, at the city of Kolomna, it flows into the Oka River, itself a tributary of the Volga, which flows into the Caspian Sea. Moskva and Moscow are two different renderings of the same Russian word Москва; the city is named after the river. Finno-Ugric Merya and Muroma people, who inhabited the area, called the river Mustajoki, it has been suggested that the name of the city derives from this term, although several theories exist. To distinguish the river and the city, Russians call the river Moskva-reka instead of just Moskva; the river is 503 km long, with a vertical drop of 155 m. The area of its drainage basin is 17,600 km2; the maximum depth is 3 metres above Moscow city limits, up to 6 metres below it. It freezes in November–December and begins to thaw around late March. In Moscow, the river freezes occasionally.
The absolute water level in downtown Moscow is 120 metres above sea level. The main tributaries are the Ruza, Yauza and Severka rivers. Sources of water are estimated as 12 % rain and 27 % subterranean. Since completion of the Moscow Canal, the Moskva River has collected a share of Upper Volga water; this has enabled reliable commercial shipping, interrupted by summer droughts. The average discharge, including Volga waters, varies from 38 m3/s near Zvenigorod to 250 m3/s at the Oka inlet; the speed of the current, depending on the season, varies from 0.1 m/s to 1.5–2.0 m/s. Moscow, the capital of Russia, is situated on its banks; the river flows through the towns of Mozhaysk, Zhukovsky, Voskresensk, — at the confluence of the Moskva and Oka — Kolomna. As of 2007, there are its canals within Moscow city limits. Within the city, the river is 120–200 metres wide, the narrowest point being under the Kremlin walls. Drinking water for the city of Moscow is collected from five stations on the Moskva River and from the Upper Volga reservoirs.
Canals, built within Moscow city limits, have created a number of islands. Some of them have names in Russian, some have none. Major, permanent islands are: Serebryany Bor. Separated from the mainland in the 1930s. Tatarskaya Poyma known as Mnyovniki. Separated from the mainland in the 1930s Balchug Island known as Bolotny Ostrov, lying just opposite the Kremlin; the island was formed by the construction of the Vodootvodny Canal in the 1780s, has no official name in Russian. Moscow residents informally call it "Bolotny Ostrov" while members of Moscow's English-speaking community refer to it as Balchug. One uninhabited island north of Nagatino. Three uninhabited islands east of Nagatino, connected by the Pererva lock system. There is a fleet of river ice-breaker cruisers which ply routes from moorings at the Hotel Ukraine and Gorky Park to the Novospassky Monastery and back. Duration of trips ranges from 1.5 to 3 hours. "Moskva". Encyclopedia Americana. 1920