Savyolovskaya (Serpukhovsko–Timiryazevskaya line)
Savyolovskaya, alternatively transliterated Savelovskaya, is a station on Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya Line of the Moscow Metro. It has a depth of 52 metres, it opened on 31 December 1988 and was the northern terminus of the line until an extension in 1991 pushed the terminus out to Otradnoye. The entrance vestibule is on the main square in front of Savyolovsky rail terminal, from which the station gets its name. Connections at the rail terminal provide access to commuter trains serving destinations to the north of Moscow. Passengers are able to transfer to and from an identically named station on the Bolshaya Koltsevaya line since 30 December 2018. Metro.ru KartaMetro.info — Station location and exits on Moscow map
Novokuznetskaya is a Moscow Metro station on the Zamoskvoretskaya Line. The station was opened on November 20, 1943. Construction of the station began shortly after the launch of the second stage in 1938. Despite World War II the station was opened on time. In 1978 the platform was lengthened; this part is in a more modern style than the rest of the station. The station honors the Soviet fighting men with its heavy ornamentation; the architects, I. Taranov and N. Bykova, won a USSR State Prize for their design; the decorations include seven octagonal ceiling mosaics by V. Frolov on the theme of wartime industry and bas-reliefs running along the base of the ceiling depicting the soldiers of the Red Army in combat; the pink and white marble pylons are decorated with cast-bronze portraits of Russian war heroes like Mikhail Kutuzov and Alexander Nevsky. Floor lamps, long since replaced with more up-to-date lighting in other Metro stations, still give Novokuznetskaya an atmosphere of brooding shadow. There is an urban legend that the station's ornate benches were made of Carrara marble taken from the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour just before it was demolished, but it is not true, the marble was from Ural, not Italy.
Novokuznetskaya's round entrance vestibule is located off Pyatnitskaya Street, north of the intersection with Klimentovsky Street. From this station it is possible to transfer to Tretyakovskaya, a cross-platform station serving both the Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya Line and the Kalininskaya Line. Metro.ru mymetro.ru KartaMetro.info — Station location and exits on Moscow map
Vodootvodny Canal is a 4 kilometre long, 30-60 metre wide canal in downtown Moscow, Russia. It was built in the 1780s on the old riverbed of the Moskva River to control floods and support shipping. Canal construction created an island, between the Moskva River and the canal; the island acquired its present shape in 1938 with the completion of Moscow Canal megaproject. The canal is spanned by ten bridges. Zamoskvorechye, the land on the flat southern bank of Moskva river, was flooded in spring; the river itself used discouraging construction. Low lands on both sides of the river were only suitable for farming. In dry periods, the old river bed used spreading disease. Residents had to combat inundation levels by digging small dikes, with little result; the memory of these moats remains in the names of Raushskaya embankment and Church of St. George v Yendove; the most notable, permanent moat was that separating St. George from Balchug Street; the first documented flood control project was drawn up in 1775 by Matvey Kazakov.
In addition to separating Balchug Island from Zamoskvorechye, Kazakov proposed cutting two flood control dikes west from Bersenevka. This would separate strips of floodland from the mainland. In the east, Kazakov planned to flood uninhabited farmland permanently, connect the Canal to the Moskva River inside the present-day Garden Ring; the eastern end of an island would become warehouse. The moat east of Balchug had to be widened, too. A notably devastating flood occurred in 1783, razing the suburbs and damaging Bolshoy Kamenny Bridge. In order to repair it, the Moskva River was temporarily drained, its water diverted into the old river bed. Prior to closing the main waterway, the old river bed was widened. Kazakov's plan materialized excluding the grain terminal. An 1807 plan shows only one "additional" island west of Bersenevka. After the Fire of 1812, the western island and the dike separating it from the mainland were reclaimed for development; the Moskva River was reduced to about its present-day width.
The eastern end of the Canal was reduced to its ordinary width of 30 metres. In 1835, the city built Babyegorodskaya Dam west of the island; the dam was disassembled each autumn and set back in place after the spring flood, so it was good for shipping but useless against floods. A new channel extension east was built to bypass the old 90-degree turn. For a while, the island was cut into three parts when Balchug moat was filled, in two; the completion of the Moscow Canal raised the water level in the Moskva River and the canal, enabling reliable shipping throughout summer seasons. Locks on the canal were demolished; the moat parallel to Garden Ring was filled in the 1930s, with the completion of Bolshoy Krasnokholmsky Bridge. The first bridges of the Soviet age, Komissariatsky bridge and the pedestrian Zverev Bridge were built with sufficient clearance. Chugunny Bridge was compatible with new requirements. All other bridges were rebuilt in the 1930s to 6-8 traffic lanes. In the 1960s, Schluzovoy Bridge construction connected the embankments on the eastern tip of the island.
Chugunny Bridge steel deck was replaced with concrete. Sadovnichesky Bridge was completed in 1963. Two more pedestrian bridges, Second Schluzovoy and Luzhkov Bridge, were added in the 1990s. Construction of the Patriarshy Bridge extension over the canal is under way; the city planners entertain plans to build a parking lot under the canal, from across Golutvin sloboda office block, to Tretyakov Gallery. This would require digging the open pit. Russian: Maps of Moscow www.testan.narod.ru Russian: Носарев В.А. Скрябина, Т.А. "Мосты Москвы", М, "Вече", 2004, стр. 23–26 ISBN 5-9533-0183-9
Novogireyevo (Moscow Metro)
Novogireyevo is a Moscow Metro station on the Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya Line. It was constructed in 1979 in Moscow's Novogireyevo District, as the final terminus of the Kalininsky radius; the status of terminus ended following the inauguration of Novokosino, extension to the east, on August 30, 2012. The station has entrances at both ends, is at a depth of nine metres. About 110 000 passengers use Novogireyevo station daily; the station was designed by Robert Plyukhin. The station was the first of the newer version of the pillar-trispan with the step of the pillars further increased from 6 to 7.5 metres. The pillars are revetted with light-grey marble and the walls are revetted with steel blue marble; the upper parts of the pillars and the walls are decorated with friezes devoted to the nature of the Moscow area. The floor is faced with slabs of red and brown granite and strips of white marble
Delovoy Tsentr (Moscow Central Circle)
Delovoy Tsentr is a station on the Moscow Central Circle of the Moscow Metro that opened in September 2016. The station is named for the adjacent Moscow International Business Center known as Moscow City; the station was planned to be Citi, but was changed to Delovoy Tsentr prior to the opening of the line. The station offers out-of-station transfers to the Filyovskaya Line at Mezhdunarodnaya.
Marksistskaya (Moscow Metro)
Marksistskaya is a station of the Moscow Metro's Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya Line. It was opened along with the initial segment on 30 December 1979; the station is named after the Marksistskaya Street and its architectural theme is the purity of Marxist ideals. Architects Nina Alyoshina, V. Volovich and N. Samoylova took a standard deep level column tri-vault station and applied on overall red theme that includes red Burovshina marble to the columns and a pink Gazgan to the station walls; the station serves as a transfer point between the Taganskaya station of the Koltsevaya Line and the Taganskaya station of the Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya Line forming a busy three station transfer point. Transfer to the former is by the direct escalator from the end of Marksistskaya; the station is located on the eastern edge of the Taganka Square, its underground vestibule is situated on the influx of the Taganskaya and Marksistskaya Streets into the square with surface subway access available to both sides of latter street and to the open plaza on the apex of their adjoinment
Novokosino (Moscow Metro)
Novokosino is a station on the Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya Line of the Moscow Metro. The station is situated at the northern edge of Novokosino District, adjacent to the Reutov town of Moscow Oblast. After its inauguration in 2012, it replaced Novogireyevo as the eastern terminus of Kalininskaya Line, it is the easternmost station of Moscow Metro. Novokosino, Moscow Metro official site