Delta Arietis named Botein, is a star in the northern constellation of Aries, 1.8 degrees north of the ecliptic. The apparent visual magnitude is 4.35, so it is visible to the naked eye. It has an annual parallax shift of 19.22 mas. Δ Arietis is the star's Bayer designation. It bore the traditional name Botein, derived from Al Bīrūnī's Al Buṭayn, the diminutive of Al Baṭn, "the Belly"; this is the name of a star association consisting of this star, Epsilon Arietis, Zeta Arietis, Pi Arietis, Rho3 Arietis According to a 1971 NASA catalogue of stars, Al Buṭain was the title for five stars:Delta Arietis, Pi Arietis, Rho3 Arietis, Epsilon Arietis and Zeta Arietis. In 2016, the International Astronomical Union organized a Working Group on Star Names to catalogue and standardize proper names for stars; the WGSN approved the name Botein for this star on 12 September 2016 and it is now so included in the List of IAU-approved Star Names. In the catalogue of stars in the Calendarium of Al Achsasi Al Mouakket, this star was designated Nir al Botain, translated into Latin as Lucida Ventris, meaning "the brightest of the belly".
In Chinese, 天陰, meaning Yin Force, refers to an asterism consisting of Delta Arietis, 63 Arietis, Zeta Arietis, Tau Arietis and 65 Arietis. The Chinese name for Delta Arietis itself is 天陰四 Delta Arietis is an evolved giant star with a stellar classification of K2 III, it belongs to a population known as red clump giants, which means it is generating energy through the fusion of helium at its core. With close to twice the mass of the Sun, the outer envelope has expanded until it is around ten times the Sun's radius, it shines with 45 times the Sun's luminosity at an effective temperature of 4,810 K, giving it the orange-hued glow of a K-type star. It is a suspected variable star that ranges in magnitude from 4.33 to 4.37. HR 951 The Constellations and Named Stars Image Delta Arietis
Morris is a provincial electoral division in the Canadian province of Manitoba. It was created by redistribution in 1879, has existed continuously since that time; the constituency is named after Alexander Morris, who served as Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba from 1872 to 1877. Morris is a rural riding located in the Red River Valley in the south of the province. In is bordered to the south by Emerson, to the north by Lakeside, to the west by Midland and Portage la Prairie, to the east by Steinbach, Dawson Trail, Kirkfield Park and Charleswood; the largest communities in the riding are Niverville and La Salle. Other communities include Elie, Oak Bluff, Starbuck, Ste. Agathe, St. Eustache and St. Francois Xavier. In 1999, the average family income was $53,719, the unemployment rate was 3.90%. Agriculture accounts for 23% of the riding's industry, followed by the retail trade at 10%. Eighteen per cent of Morris's residents are of German background, a further 17% are French; the riding has the third-highest percentage of francophones in Manitoba.
The Progressive Conservative Party of Manitoba has represented Morris since 1954, the riding is regarded as safe for the party. ^ Change not based on redistributed results 2003 Elections Manitoba - Historical Summary
Richard Santo Aurilia is a former Major League Baseball player as a shortstop. The 24th round pick of the Texas Rangers in the 1992 Major League Baseball draft, Aurilia played in the Rangers minor league system before being traded with first baseman Desi Wilson to the San Francisco Giants for pitcher John Burkett in 1994. Aurilia was born in New York. Before being drafted by Texas, Aurilia was a standout at St. John's University, where he represented the Red Storm as an All-Big East selection in 1992. In 1991, he played collegiate summer baseball in the Cape Cod Baseball League for the Hyannis Mets. Aurilia is a graduate of Xaverian High School in Brooklyn, New York, he was inducted into the school's Hall of Fame, his number 22 was retired by his local baseball league, Our Lady of Grace, where he played as a youngster in Gravesend, New York. Aurilia made his Major League debut on September 6, 1995 as a defensive replacement in a game against the Montréal Expos; this would begin his solid run as the Giants shortstop.
On June 14, 1997, during his first stint with the Giants, Aurilia hit the first-ever grand slam in interleague play at the expense of the Anaheim Angels' Allen Watson, a former teammate. The Giants went on to win the game 10–3. 2001 would prove to be a banner year for Aurilia as he collected a National League best 206 hits, all leading to a.324 batting average with 37 home runs, 97 RBI, an NL All-Star nod, a Silver Slugger Award. However, his career best 37 home run year in 2001 was overshadowed by Barry Bonds' record breaking 73 home runs in the same season. From 1999 to 2001, he led NL shortstops in home runs. Production trailed off in 2002, but Aurilia shined once again in San Francisco's failed 2002 run for a World Series Championship. In 14 postseason games that season, he batted.296, with 5 home runs and 14 RBI. He was a Roberto Clemente Award nominee. After offensive stagnation in 2003, the Giants severed their nine-year relation with the shortstop, granting him free agency on October 27.
Soon after, Aurilia signed on with the Seattle Mariners to patrol the M's infield. The lifetime National Leaguer could not get a grip on American League pitching, was dealt to the San Diego Padres in July 2004, he continued to struggle in spacious Petco Park, was not tendered a contract for 2005. Needing a veteran infielder, the Reds signed Aurilia to a minor league contract on January 22, 2005; the versatile infielder played well for the Reds collecting 14 home runs and 68 RBI as Cincinnati's shortstop, second baseman, third baseman. The Reds re-signed him on January 8, 2006. Aurilia served as an everyday player rotating between shortstop, second base, first base and third base for the Reds in 2006, he finished the year with 23 home runs, 70 RBI, a batting average of exactly.300—his highest in all three categories since 2001. In the 2006 offseason, Aurilia signed a two-year, $8 million contract with the Giants. During the 2007 season, he appeared starting in 81 of them. Aurilia was placed on the 15-day disabled list with a neck injury, slow to heal, limiting his range of movement and causing headaches.
At the time, he was batting only.236 with two home runs. Aurilia returned to the Giants' lineup on July 4, hitting a home run in a 9–5 win over the Cincinnati Reds, he finished the season batting.252 with five home runs, 33 RBI, a.304 on-base percentage. Aurilia posted better numbers in each of those categories during the 2008 season, where he remained healthy throughout the year, one factor that led him to have more playing time. On February 9, 2009, Aurilia re-signed with the San Francisco Giants to a minor league deal, it was announced on April 4. He went on to appear in 60 games during the 2009 season, starting in 22 of them, playing either first or third base. There was considerable uncertainty whether Aurilia would stay with the team for the entire season, but he was placed on the DL twice in order to free up a roster spot long enough for the September roster expansion. Knowing that the organization would not be bringing him back for the 2010 season, Aurilia played his final game as a Giant on October 1 at home against the Arizona Diamondbacks, receiving standing ovations from the home fans in appreciation for 12 years with the team.
Aurilia announced his retirement on April 11, 2010. He is a member of NBC Sports Bay Area. In 1652 games over 15 seasons, Aurilia posted a.275 batting average with 745 runs, 301 doubles, 22 triples, 186 home runs, 756 RBI, 450 bases on balls.328 on-base percentage and.433 slugging percentage. He finished his career with a.974 fielding percentage playing at shortstop, first and third base. In 25 postseason games, he hit.224 with 6 doubles, 6 home runs, 18 RBI and 7 walks. Aurilia appeared on the ABC soap opera General Hospital in 2003, he finished second in a pro on pro challenge on Guy's Grocery Games on September 20, 2015. His charity was the Make-A-Wish Foundation. Aurilia married Raquel Garcia on January 18, 1997, with whom he has 2 sons: Chaz Aiden, Gavin Shea, he married Amy Krzyzkowski on June 28, 2015. He resides with his family with homes in Healdsburg and Phoenix, Arizona. List of NL Silver Slugger Winners at Shortstop Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or Baseball-Reference
Named set theory is a branch of theoretical mathematics that studies the structures of names. The named set is a theoretical concept, its generalization bridges the descriptivists theory of a name, its triad structure, with mathematical structures that define mathematical names using triplets. It deploys the former to view the latter at a higher abstract level that unifies a name and its relationship to a mathematical structure as a constructed reference; this enables all names in science and technology to be treated as named sets or as systems of named sets. Informally, named set theory is a generalization that studies collections of objects connected to other objects; the paradigmatic example of a named set is a collection of objects connected to its name. Mathematical examples of named sets are coordinate spaces, vector fields on manifolds, binary relations between two sets and fiber bundles; the language of named set theory can be used in the definitions of all of these abstract objects. In the 20th century, many generalizations of sets were invented, e.g. fuzzy sets, or rediscovered, e.g. multisets.
As a result, these generalizations created a unification problem in the foundation of mathematics. The concept of a named set was created as a solution to this problem, its generalization of mathematical structures allowed for the unification of all known generalizations of sets. It was demonstrated that all basic mathematical structures either are some kinds of named sets or are built of named sets. According to Anellis, Burgin & Kaloujnine introduced set-theoretical named sets in 1983 and Burgin introduced named sets in the most general form in 1990. Since Burgin continued to develop this theory in a series of papers and a book. In 2011, Zellweger applied the theory of named sets to model data relations in the relational database for an end-user interface. In mathematics, mathematical structures can have more than one definition. Therefore, there are several definitions of named sets, each representing a specific construction of named set theory; the informal definition is the most general. A named set X has the form of a triad X =, in which X and I are two objects and f is a connection between X and I.
It is represented by the fundamental triad in the following diagram. Elementary set theory can be studied informally and intuitively, so can be taught in primary schools using set-theoretical named sets and operations with them. Similar to set theory, named sets have axiomatic representations, i.e. they are defined by systems of axioms and studied in axiomatic named set theory. Axiomatic definitions of named set theory show that in contrast to fuzzy sets and multisets, named set theory is independent of set theory or category theory while these theories are conceived as sub-theories of named set theory. In a categorical definition, named sets are built inside a chosen category similar to the construction of set theory in a topos. Namely, given a category K, a named set in K is a triad X =, in which X and I are two objects from K and f is a morphism between X and I. In a set-theoretical definition, named sets are built using sets similar to constructions of fuzzy sets or multisets. Namely, a set-theoretical named set is a triad X =, in which X and I are two sets and f is a set-theoretical correspondence between X and I.
Note that not all named sets are set-theoretical. The most transparent example of non-set-theoretical named sets is given by algorithmic named sets, which have the form X =, in which X and I are two constructive objects, for example, sets of words, A is an algorithm that transforms X into I. In an algorithmic definition, a named set A = consists of an algorithm A, the set X of inputs, the set Y of outputs. A name is given to place, or thing to identify it. For example, parents can give their child a scientist can give an element a name. Examples of named sets include, their names and relations between people and their names. Countries, their names and relations between countries and their names. Articles in an encyclopedia, their titles and relations between articles and their titles. Any physical field, such as the electromagnetic field, is a named set. Henri Poincaré wrote that without a name no object exists in mathematics. Examples of such mathematical objects and their names as applications of named sets include, Binary relations are set-theoretical name sets.
In 1960, Bourbaki represented and studied a binary relation between sets A and B in the form of a name set, where G is a graph of the binary relation, i.e. a set of pairs, for which the first projection is a subset of A and the second projection is a subset of B. Functions are set-theoretical name sets as special cases of binary relations. A fuzzy set is a named set where m is a membership function. A graph G is a named set where V is the set of vertices of G and E is the set of edges of G. A fiber bundle B is a named set where the topological space E is the space of B.
Paul Nahaolelua was a Hawaiian high chief who served many political posts in the Kingdom of Hawaii, including Governor of Maui from 1852 to 1874. In his long political career, Nahaolelua served under the reigns of five monarchs: Kamehameha III, Kamehameha IV and Kamehameha V, Lunalilo and Kalākaua. Nahaolelua was born on September 11, 1806, in Kawaihae, in the district of Kohala, on the island of Hawaii, he was given the name Nahaolelua meaning "the two haole" in honor of John Young and Isaac Davis, the two foreign advisors to King Kamehameha I during his conquest of the Kingdom of Hawaii. He started his career as a schoolmaster teaching Hawaiian at the royal school in Maui, he became one of the first generation of Hawaiians to receive a western education at the Lahainaluna Seminary from the Christian missionaries who arrived in Hawaii in 1820. Nahaolelua began working for the government as a district circuit judge on Maui, he served as royal postmaster. During the governorship of James Kānehoa Young, Nahaolelua served as deputy governor of Maui.
Shortly after Kānehoa's death in 1851, he succeeded as Governor of Maui, although the position was not confirmed until the following year on December 3, 1852. He served as Governor for twenty-two years until 1874; as a royal governor, he held a seat in the House of Nobles, the upper house of the legislature, traditionally reserved for the high chiefs. He sat during most of the legislative sessions between 1853 and 1874, he served as a member of the Privy Council of the King. He was elected the President of the Legislative Assembly during the sessions of 1870, 1872, the special sessions of 1873 and 1874. During the reign of Kamehameha V, he was made a Knight Commander of the Royal Order of Kamehameha I. In 1872, Nahaolelua was present at the deathbed of King Kamehameha V. Kneeling at the side of bed, with many of the members of the royal court present, he spoke with the monarch in his last attempts to name a successor to the throne. Kamehameha V, who regarded him as a close friend and business associate, asked Nahaolelua to choose an heir for him.
He refused and answered, "Any one, may it please Your Majesty, of the chiefs now present." The King attempted to name his cousin Bernice Pauahi Bishop but she refused the offer, he died the same day without naming a successor. Because Kamehameha V died with no heir, the constitution called for the legislature, which Nahaolelua presided over as President of the Legislative Assembly, to select the next monarch. By both popular vote, the unanimous vote in the legislature, Lunalilo became the first elected king of Hawaii in 1873. In private, Nahaolelua tried to persuade the new king to name a successor so the kingdom would not face another succession crisis. However, after a short reign, Lunalilo died in 1874 without an heir to succeed to him. In the election that followed, David Kalākaua, ran against Queen Emma, the widow of Kamehameha IV. On February 12, 1874, for the second time in Hawaiian history, a special session of the legislature was called to elect a new monarch, Nahaolelua was chosen again as the President of the Legislative Assembly.
The assembly voted thirty-nine to six in favor of Kalākaua. The subsequent announcement caused a riot at the courthouse as Emmaite supporters attacked and beat the native legislators who had voted for Kalākaua. American and British troops were landed, the rioters were arrested. Nahaolelua, a known supporter and friend of Queen Emma, had left the courthouse before the riot, to bring her the news of her defeat, she sent him back with the message: "If they could not obtain their desires now they had better wait until the morrow, when a new election for Sovereign could be had." The next day Queen Emma asked Nahaolelua about the possibility of holding a second election which he refused. After the accession of Kalākaua, Nahaolelua resigned the Governorship of Maui and was appointed to the new monarch's cabinet as Minister of Finance on February 17, 1874. However, due to failing health, he resigned the post on October 31, 1874, returned to his residence in Lahaina, on the island of Maui. After being ill for a few months Nahaolelua died on September 5 or 15, 1875, at his residence in Lahaina at the age of sixty-nine.
Forgoing a lavish state funeral traditionally given to a person of his rank, his funeral was held the same day as his death, he was buried in a plain pine coffin in a prepared vault at the Anglican Hale Aloha Cemetery in Lahaina. Nahaolelua married Helekunihi and had one son Obid, who died shortly after birth on March 20, 1858. A second child, who died young, is mentioned in Nahaolelua's obituary but not named. Under the Hawaiian tradition of hānai, they adopted Edward George Huakini, the son of Helekunihi's brother Aki and Kaʻaiohelo. Kia Nahaolelua became the sole heir of Governor Nahaolelua's estate after his death. Kia married Elizabeth Kahele Manawaola St. John, who served as lady-in-waiting to Queen Liliuokalani and accompanied her to Washington, DC during her 1897 trip to protest American annexation of Hawaii, they had nine children. Knight Commander of the Royal Order of Kamehameha I. Media related to Paul Nahaolelua at Wikimedia Commons
Blue Spring is a 2002 Japanese youth drama film and directed by Toshiaki Toyoda and based on Taiyō Matsumoto's manga of same title. It tells a tale of apathetic school students at a run-down Tokyo high school for boys, it was released on June 29, 2002. The film title can be understood as "inexperienced years" or teenage years, but it can be understood as "fresh start". According to manga artist Taiyō Matsumoto, the title is intended as a play on irony. At Asashi High, a run-down high school for boys, Aoki, Yukio and Ota are a gang of school friends lost in apathy and dissatisfaction, they are aware. Most teachers have written them off as a lost cause. Kujo's gang is part of the school's illegal society, controlled through a rooftop game as a test of courage: the Clapping Game. Whoever wins the game gets to be the society's leader, rules all gangs throughout Asashi High. No teacher can stand up to this society. After a round of the Clapping Game, Kujo wins the leadership role, which excites his best friend Aoki, who wants Kujo to dominate the school through the use of casual violence.
However, Kujo passively resists doing this. Aoki realizes his best friend only took part in the Clapping Game to pass the time, that Kujo never wanted to be the school's leader. Devastated, he challenges Kujo for his leadership, loses; as Aoki becomes disillusioned and hostile toward Kujo, friends around them fall apart, bringing their school to a series of mini violent climaxes. Ryuhei Matsuda as Kujo Hirofumi Arai as Aoki Sousuke Takaoka as Yukio Yusuke Oshiba as Kimura Yuta Yamazaki as Ota Shugo Oshinari as Yoshimura Kiyohiko Shibukawa as Kee Onimaru as Suzuki Eita as Obake/Ghost Rei Yamanaka as Leo Mame Yamada as Hanada-sensei Erena as High School girl Genta Dairaku as Career counselor Kyôko Koizumi as Kiosk woman Takashi Tsukamoto as Freshman in Baseball Club The Blue Spring original soundtrack rose to #24 on Oricon Albums Chart Top 30 shortly after the film release and Drop, a track from the soundtrack, rose to #13 on Oricon Singles Chart Top 30 in July 2002. Released under Artsmagic in 2004, the DVD features extras including two interviews with Toyoda and filmographies of the main actors and a feature-length commentary by Tom Mes, who edits Midnight Eye, an online English-language magazine of Japanese cinema.
On Midnight Eye, Tom Mes said the film was "magnificent but much overlooked". Blue Spring on IMDb