Democratic Party of Moldova

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Democratic Party of Moldova
Partidul Democrat din Moldova
Демократическая партия Молдовы
Abbreviation PDM
President Vlad Plahotniuc
Secretary-General Constantin Botnari[1]
Parliamentary group leader Marian Lupu
Founder Dumitru Diacov
Founded 8 February 1997 (1997-02-08)
Headquarters Chişinău
Membership (2017) 50,800[2]
Ideology Social democracy[3]
Pro-Europeanism
Political position Centre to centre-left[4]
European affiliation Party of European Socialists (associate)
International affiliation Socialist International[5]
Progressive Alliance
Colours Blue, Red
Parliament
42 / 101
District Presidents
19 / 32
Website
http://www.pdm.md

The Democratic Party of Moldova (Romanian: Partidul Democrat din Moldova, PDM; Russian: Демократическая партия Молдовы) is a center-left[6] political party in the Republic of Moldova.[7][8] The party was established in 1997 and it is an associate member of the Party of European Socialists[9] (PES) and is a full member of the Socialist International.[10]

According to its statute, the DPM pleads that Moldova is an independent, sovereign, and democratic state, based on law and integrated in the united family of European democracies.[6]

History[edit]

The party was established on 8 February 1997, initially known as the Movement for a Democratic and Prosperous Moldova (MDPM).[11] On 17 October 1998 at the Congress the leadership of the party had been chosen and the status and political program based on the principles of social democracy was adopted. In parliamentary elections of March 1998, the electoral bloc formed on the basis of the Movement – the Bloc for a Democratic and Prosperous Moldova – won over 18% of the votes and 24 seats in Parliament respectively, which allowed it to participate in governance, within the Alliance for Democracy and Reforms (ADR). From 1997 until the summer of 2009, the party was led by Dumitru Diacov, who, within 1997-2001, held the position of Chairman of Parliament. In 1999, Ion Sturza, the MDPM representative, was appointed for the position of the Prime Minister.[12]

The previous Logo of the party

On 15 April 2000, at the Congress of the Movement for a Democratic and Prosperous Moldova was changed its name into the Democratic Party of Moldova. In parliamentary elections of February 2001, the DPM has won 79,757 votes (5,02%) but failed to overcome the 6% electoral threshold. On 25 May 2003, at the local elections, the party won over 8,3% of the votes and took good position in the country.

On 22 November 2003, at the Congress the new objectives of the party had been set. One of the core document that has been adopted at the Congress was the new edition of the political program, where the party declares an immutable character of its scopes and principals. At the Congress, the Democratic Party has declared the intention to become a member of Socialist International and the Resolution on relationships between Democratic Party of Moldova and the trade union movement was adopted. On 8 May 2004, in respond to the voters' expectations regarding strengthening the reforming and democratic forces, the Democratic Party of Moldova, the Alliance “Our Moldova” and Social and Liberal Party (SLP) have established the Democratic Moldova Block (DMB).

Following the parliamentary elections held on 6 March 2005, the DPM won 8 seats in the parliament, being the single party which has lost the election in 2001 and succeeded to came back in the parliament in 2005. In October 2007, the SLP MPs have joined the DPM’s parliamentary group and the number of democrats increased to 11, thus, the DPM became at that time the third political force in the Parliament.

After merging of the PDM with the Social-Liberal Party,[13] which took place at the Congress on 10 February 2008, Dumitru Diacov was re-elected as a chairman of the party, and former SLP leader Oleg Serebrian became the deputy chairman. The PDM's party hymn became the Beethoven's "Ode to Joy", which symbolizes the pro-European vector of the party and its adhesion to the European federalist flow. On 19 July 2009, Marian Lupu was elected as party chairman at the Extraordinary Congress of the PDM.

On 5 April 2009 at the Parliamentary elections the Democratic Party won only 2,97 of votes, and remained out of the Parliament.

In the 29 July 2009 elections, the DPM succeeded, winning 13 seats of MPs, and became in a very short time one out of four components of the Alliance for European Integration (AEI) that gained the majority at the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova. Marian Lupu, the DPM’s candidate, was delegated as the candidate of the Alliance for European Integration for the position of the President of the Republic of Moldova at the elections held on 10 November and 7 December 2009 but did not gain enough votes.

Following the early parliamentary elections of 28 November 2010, the DPM won 15 seats in the Parliament and became one out of three components of the AEI -2.

At the early 2013, following the resonant case “Pădurea Domnească” (Reign Forest) the alliance has been fall apart. In May 2013, DPM (with 15 MPs) together with the Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova (31 MPs) and the Liberal Reformist Party (7 MPS) established the new governing coalition - the Pro-European Coalition.

Following the parliamentary elections of 30 November 2014, the DPM won 15.8% and formed the pro-European governing coalition, having 19 MPs in the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova. After the elections, the DPM and LDPM (23 MPs) has established the minority governing coalition – the Political Alliance for European Moldova.

Since 2009, the Democratic Party is a full member of the Socialist International. Since 2010 until 2015, the DPM was an observer member of the Party of European Socialists and in June 2015, the PDM became an associate member of the Party of European Socialists.[14]

On 14 January 2016, Mr. Pavel Filip, delegated by the DPM and backed by the new parliamentary majority became the new candidate for prime minister position.

The government headed by Mr. Pavel Filip was voted and appointed, with the votes of 57 MPs: 20 PDM’s MPs, 13 LP’s MPS, 14 former Communist Party’s MPs, 8 LDPM’s MPs and 2 former LDPM’s MPs.[15]

The VIIIth Congress was called after the decisions adopted at the meeting of the DPM’s Political Council held on 10 December 2016 when the party leader, Mr. Marian Lupu, announced his resignation from the PDM’s chairman position. The main task of the VIIIth Congress was the election of new leadership, adoption of new changes in the party's statute and streamlining new modernization objectives of the party. The businessman, Mr. Vlad Plahotniuc was elected for the position of the DPM chairman and he gained unanimous supportive votes of delegates at the congress. Mr. Vlad Plahotniuc said that he would focus on the modernization of the political party, to become a party that promotes citizens' interests rather than geopolitical ones. The congress delegates also elected Mr. Pavel Filip as first deputy chairman of the PDM, voted the list of the new National Political Council and adopted the new edition of the Party Statute.

According to the organizers, about 1000 delegates from all the districts of the country and guests from abroad participated at the congress.

On 10 March 2017, the 14 former Communist MPs who formed SDPM "Social Democratic Platform for Moldova" joined the parliamentary faction of the Democratic Party of Moldova. Democratic faction leader, Mr. Marian Lupu said at the press briefing that the decision of the 14 MPS “is a step that will lead to the strengthening of the parliamentary majority”, thus, the DPM become largest political group in the Parliament.

DPM Doctrine[edit]

The DPM’s doctrine is based on the principles of social democracy. It has the following core values: Equality, so that all individuals can realize their potential on fair terms; Solidarity, so that all people have everything they need for a decent standard of living and Freedom, so that each individual can build his/her own personal life project.[16]

[edit]

The current party logo

The logo of the Democratic Party of Moldova is composed of three roses growing from a stem, crowned with a semicircle.[17]

Organization and DPM team[edit]

The DPM’s National Political Council is the governing body of the party during the period between two Congresses. The meeting of the National Political Council is convened at least twice a year by the Chairman of the DPM or at the request of at least 1/3 of the members of the National Political Council. The DPM’s National Political Council is elected by the Congress for a term of 4 (four) years, the numerical composition being determined by the DPM’s Congress decision. The Political Council is representative of the members of all the districts of the country, which ensures the PDM members' decision-making power is valued and respected. The DPM’s Executive Board is the decision-making executive body of the DPM, which coordinates the activity of the latter during the period between meetings of the National Political Council. The Executive Board is elected for a term of 4 (four) and composed of 31 members. The Permanent Bureau is the body that carries out an operational analysis and synthesis of the activity of the party during the period between meetings of the National Political Council and the Executive Board and is convened weekly or when necessary, at the request of Chairman of the DPM. The Permanent Bureau of the DPM brings together the Chairman, First Deputy Chairman, Honorary Chairman, Deputy-Chairmen and Secretary General of the DPM. This leadership is mandated by party members to analyze and decide on the day-to-day political activities of the DPM, taking into account the unanimous desire expressed by the members of the party: that the DPM should enhance the living standard for the majority, in solidary and modern Moldova.

The DPM includes Women Organization, Democratic Youth, „Treasure of the Nation” Elderly People Organization, and local elected officials. The Women Organization is the most powerful, active and representative party organization of women in Moldova.

The number of the party members[edit]

The number of the party members: ~ 54,200 (07/2018)[18]

Leadership[edit]

Objectives[edit]

The DPM aims to achieve the following political objectives, according to its core values and the needs of sustainable development of the Republic of Moldova:[19]

1. Consolidation of the constitutional order in the state, guaranteeing respect for political, economic and social human rights in line with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the European Convention on Human Rights and other international legal instruments;

2. Building and confirmation in the Republic of Moldova of a civil nation according to the principle „we are all Moldovans as citizens of the Republic of Moldova”, while respecting the right of every citizen to ethnic self-identification;

3. Completion of the process of territorial reintegration of the Republic of Moldova through political decisions, in a peaceful manner;

4. Assignment of a socially active role to the state, which through strong institutions should become a balancing force in society. The state is the one who should take care to ensure public welfare, to perform the tasks of common interest, to promote justice and solidarity in society. The attributes of strong public institutions are good governance, law and transparency;

5. Reformation and modernization of local and central public administration, whose activity needs to be aligned with the interests of the country and oriented towards serving citizens;

6. Implementation in the Republic of Moldova of the concept of a powerful social state that plays a key role in protecting against social risks, in ensuring economic and social well-being of its citizens, focusing on education, research, innovation, culture and adherence to national values;

7. Enforcement of the right of citizens to work and of the right to build their own future in economic and social security. In this regard, the DPM believes that the state is obliged to invest in the citizen and ensure well-paid jobs and continuous professional training of citizens;

8. Establishment of a fair system of redistribution of state revenues aimed at providing decent living conditions for people unable to work (children, elderly people, disabled people, etc.). It is necessary to develop and use the resources of society to ensure equal rights, to give everyone a chance to create their own destiny, to reduce economic inequalities, to fight poverty and ensure social justice;

9. Development the optimal set of programs for the social protection of vulnerable social groups, paying great attention to development and promotion of policies of social inclusion and employment of disabled people;

10. Establishment of an effective health care and education system, to which every citizen should have access, regardless of available financial resources;

11. Diversification and development of modern programs for training and adoption of young people in conjunction with the policies based on the active ageing concept;

12. Guaranteeing the right to private property and ensuring free and fair competition as the basis of the market economy, human dignity and security. Private property is an economic expression of a free initiative of the citizen and a key factor in overall economic progress, individual and collective well-being;

13. Consolidation of representative democracy to lend more credibility to institutions and to ensure citizens the right to free expression and participation in decision-making processes;

14. Respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, the right to cultural, linguistic, religious and ethnic identity of citizens of the Republic of Moldova. We seek to combat and condemn any kind of extremism, manifestations of racism, chauvinism, ethnic or territorial separatism;

15. Ensuring equal opportunities between men and women, acknowledgment of women’s role in the family and Moldovan society, support and promotion of gender equality in the decisive structures of the party and the state;

16. Development of an equitable tax system aimed at guaranteeing security and helping reduce social tensions, as well as facilitate economic development;

17. Application of economic policies aimed at sustainable and uniform economic growth throughout the country based on innovation, productivity and competitiveness, creating conditions to generate revenues in budgets of all levels sufficient to ensure the implementation of social policies, as well as the well-being of the population;

18. Development of a competitive mixed economy, aimed at combining a dynamic private system, an effective public sector and a system of quality services available to citizens. Combination of efforts of these sectors, including by applying the concept of Private Public Partnership;

19. Implementation of the sustainable development principle aimed at meeting current needs. Conservation of environment which is threatened by human activities, risks of climate change and loss of biodiversity. The state must respond to the current needs of society in a manner that does not negatively affect the future of new generations;

20. Strengthening of the constitutional status of permanent neutrality;

21. Promotion of a balanced foreign policy aimed at ensuring the image and interests of the Republic of Moldova in the regional and global context, by integrating the Republic of Moldova into the European Union and developing cooperation with the CIS countries.

Party slogan[edit]

The Democratic Party of Moldova looks forward to the future.[20]

Election results[edit]

Parliamentary elections[edit]

Year of elections # Votes % of votes # Mandates +/–
1998 294,691[a] 18.16[a]
21 / 101
2001 79,757 5.02
0 / 101
Decrease 24
2005 444,377[b] 28.53[b]
8 / 101
Increase 8
2009 (April) 45,698 2.97
0 / 101
Decrease 8
2009 (July) 198,268 12.54
13 / 101
Increase 13
2010 218,620 12.72
15 / 101
Increase 2
2014 252,489 15.80
19 / 101
Increase 4
  1. ^ a b For a Democratic and Prosperous Moldova list won 24 seats - 2 went to the PCM - 1 to the MSPFN.
  2. ^ a b Democratic Moldova list won 34 seats - 23 went to the AMN - 3 to the PSL.

Note: In 2005, the DPM has participated at the elections together with the Alliance "Our Moldova"

Note: In 2018, the DPM forms the largest parliamentary faction in the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova, holding 42 MPs mandates.[21][22]

Local choices[edit]

District and Municipal Councils[edit]

Year of elections # Votes % of votes # Mandates
2007 112,242 9.7
117 / 1,103
2011 212,504 15.4
226 / 1,120
2015 226,661 17,6
259 / 1,116

Note: In 2017 the number of representatives at the leading positions are 31 persons (the chairmen and deputy chairmen of the districts).[23]

Town and village councils[edit]

Year of elections # Votes % of votes # Mandates
2007 105,888 10.5
1,155 / 10,621
2011 209,284 18.8
2,663 / 10,630
2015 232,460 21,9
2,810 / 10,564

Mayors[edit]

Year of elections Mayors % of votes # Mandates
2007 74 8,2
74 / 895
2011 220 24.5
220 / 898
2015 287 32,0
287 / 898

Note: In 2017 the number of Mayors is 396 persons.[24]

International membership[edit]

The Democratic Party is a consultative member of the Socialist International (since 1 July 2008) and collaborates with the Party of European Socialists and with the Social Democrat and Social-Liberal Orientation parties from the other countries.

In June 2018, the Democratic Party of Moldova has joined officially the Social Democratic group of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe.[25]

References[edit]

External links[edit]