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Demographic profile

Demographic profiling is a form of Demographic Analysis used by marketers so that they may be as efficient as possible with advertising products or services and identifying any possible gaps in their marketing strategy. Demographic profiling can be referred to as a euphemism for corporate spying. By targeting certain groups who are more to be interested in what is being sold, a company can efficiently expend advertising resources so that they may garner the maximum number of sales; this is a more direct tactic than advertising on the basis that anyone is a potential consumer of a product. Traditional demographic profiling has been centered around gathering information on large groups of people in order to identify common trends. Trends such as, but not limited to: changes in total population and changes in the composition of the population over a period of time; these trends could promote change in services to a certain portion of the population, in people such as: children and the working age population.

They can be identified through surveys, in-store purchase information, census data, so on. New ways are in the works of collecting and using information for Demographic Profiling. Approaches such as target-sampling, quota-sampling, door-to-door screening. An effective means of compiling a comprehensive demographic profile is the panacea of marketing efforts. To know a person's name, gender, what they buy, where they buy it, how they pay, etc. is a powerful insight into how to best sell them a product. The development of this profiling is the goal of many businesses around the world, who are pouring huge amounts of money into researching it. A recent discovery that has drastically changed the way we construct demographic profiles, is metadata; this is the digital footprint left behind of everyone. The more extensive a user's usage, the more extensive the information available on them and their interests. Companies such as Google and Facebook make enormous profits through the generation and processing of metadata, which can be used by companies wishing to streamline their advertising to those best suited to seeing it.

This is what controls the ads on a user's news feed, or websites they visit, means that for example, an avid mountain biker, is more to come across ads aiming towards that interest. For another example, for young girls who visit online shopping stores, when on a social media account such as Facebook, the pop-up ads are more to concern recent stores they've visited or stores similar to. Metadata includes information such as the amount of time spent on a website, what websites a user visits, where/what they clicked and how many times, what they've purchased, whom they have talked to, what they have purchased, it is so pervasive that most of what people do online contributes to the information being held about them by businesses, will directly affect what is advertised and shown to them when using an online browser and what mediums this is done through. The gathering of metadata has proven to be a controversial topic, with large numbers of people around the world expressing discomfort at the idea of their personal information is being used to generate a virtual profile of themselves for businesses to take advantage of.

This leads to businesses needing to progress with caution in this field, not go too far with how they use this information. To avoid future legislation being enacted that would seek to limit the collection of metadata, companies must act ethically and have people's privacy in mind when they target people for advertising. An example of how this could become an issue is presented by Vastenavondt, J. & Vos, K. & Ewing, T. & Wood, O. who propose the idea of a virtual reality shopping programme. Within this programme, the shopper is greeted by a virtual attendant who knows them by name and suggests an array of suitable clothing options based on their past purchases; the shopper is delighted by the seamless nature of this shopping experience, until it come time to make a purchase. When buying the items the shopper has picked out, they opt to use their credit card, they are asked by the virtual attendee if they are sure they would like to use that option, as their credit history suggests that cash would be a wiser option and that they wouldn't want to default on their payments as they have in the past.

This highlights the need for discretion in the extent to which information is gathered, how it is applied. Demographic data that makes up the profile is collected through multiple ways such as censuses, surveys and registries in order to keep track of things such as population, deaths, relationship status, more; the Census is the most important tool. The United States Census was first introduced in 1790 and has been taken every 10 years since under Constitutional law. While the questions in the U. S. Census vary each decade, the aim is to find more about the residence within its borders and their unique characteristics from marital status, sex, education status, employment status, location. Though the U. S. Census is the most relied on tool for collecting this information it still has its flaws such as overcount and undercount which has caused controversy in previous years. Source: CIA World Factbook Source: CIA World Fac


Antikythera or Anticythera is a Greek island lying on the edge of the Aegean Sea, between Crete and Peloponnese. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality of Kythera island. Antikythera may refer to the Antikythera Strait, through which modified Mediterranean water enters the Sea of Crete, its land area is 20.43 square kilometres, it lies 38 kilometres south-east of Kythira. It is the most distant part of the Attica region from its heart in the Athens metropolitan area, it is lozenge-shaped, 10.5 km NNW to SSE by 3.4 km ENE to WSW. It is notable for being the location of the discovery of the Antikythera mechanism and for the historical Antikythera wreck, its main settlement and port is Potamós. The only other settlements are Galanianá, Charchalianá. Antikythera is periodically visited by the Ablemon Nautical Company ferry F/B Ionis on its route between Piraeus and Kissamos-Kastelli on Crete; the earliest known inhabitants were seasonal hunters who traveled there to exploit the presence of migratory birds.

The population of the island changed as it was settled and abandoned several times, including a period of significant influence by Cretan culture during the Bronze Age. In antiquity, the island of Antikythera was known as Aegilia or Aigilia, Aegila or Aigila, or Ogylos. Between the 4th and 1st centuries BC, it was used as a base by a group of Cilician pirates until their destruction by Pompey the Great, their fort can still be seen atop a cliff to the northeast of the island. The archaeology of the island has been surveyed and the data made available for further study. Antikythera is one of the few islands in the Aegean which were never ruled by the Ottoman Empire, as the Turks did not consider the small island a worthwhile conquest, it was noted on Ottoman maps as Küçük Çuha, a name that has persisted in modern Turkish. Antikythera was administered by the Venetians as part of the Ionian Islands, despite being several hundred kilometres away from the main Ionian archipelago; the Venetians held out in Antikythera until 1800 while the rest of the Ionian Islands had fallen to Napoleonic France in 1797.

It became a British protectorate in 1815 as part of the United States of the Ionian Islands. The island was ceded to Greece under the Treaty of London. From 1864 to 1912, Antikythera was the southernmost point of Greece, as Crete was part of Turkey. Antikythera is most famous for being the location of the 1900 discovery of the Antikythera wreck, from which the Antikythera Ephebe and Antikythera Mechanism were recovered; the Antikythera mechanism is an ancient mechanical calculator designed to calculate astronomical positions, dated to about 205 BC. Technological artifacts of similar complexity did not reappear until a thousand years later; the island was known as Cerigotto. Antikythera is a important stop-over site for migratory birds during their seasonal movements, due to its geographical position and certain features. Furthermore, the island hosts the largest breeding colony of Eleonora's falcon in the world; the importance of Antikythera for studying bird migration led to the creation of Antikythera Bird Observatory by the Hellenic Ornithological Society.

The island has a large population of wild goats. Andreas Anagnostakis physician Antikythera audio pronunciation Official website of the Antikythira Community The "Return to Antikythera" Dive Official Website The Antikythera Survey Project Antikythira Bird Observatory

Conway Scenic Railroad

The Conway Scenic Railroad is a heritage railway in North Conway, New Hampshire, United States and operated by Profile Mountain Holdings Corp. The railroad operates over two historic railway routes: a line from North Conway to Conway, part of the Conway Branch of the Boston and Maine Railroad, a line from North Conway through Crawford Notch to Fabyan, once part of the Mountain Division of the Maine Central Railroad; the Conway line is owned by Conway Scenic, the Mountain Division is owned by the State of New Hampshire. The railroad's main terminal is located in historic downtown North Conway in the Mount Washington valley; the station complex has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 1979. Conway Scenic Railroad was founded by local businessmen Bill Levy and Carroll Reed and a Boston and Maine Railroader named Dwight Smith, they purchased the abandoned station and rail line from Conway to Intervale from the Boston and Maine in 1974. Smith bought Canadian National 7470 and the first train was run on August 4, 1974.

In 1984, the Mountain Division was abandoned, for ten years the Conway Scenic had no connection to the wider United States rail network, until 1994 when they obtained an operating lease from the state of New Hampshire, who had purchased the line from the Maine Central the year before. On December 17, 1994, the first train to Bartlett was run, with operations through Crawford Notch starting in September 1995; the first train to Fabyan Station was run in September 1996. Expansions east to Redstone and west to Hazen Road in Whitefield were added in June 1998, but those two points have only been used for special runs. After brush clearing and track rehab, in 2019 the railroad extended their operating lease with the state by about 1 mile going east of Redstone, to the Saco River bridge; the first train to go the additional mile was in May 2019, marking the first expansion the railroad has seen since 1998. The original owners were bought out by husband and wife Russ and Dot Seybold in 1999. On January 30, 2018 Russ and Dot Seybold closed on the sale of the railroad to Profile Mountain Holdings Corp.

The railroad operates excursions of varying duration under two banners: The Valley Train – running either south to Conway or west to Bartlett. The Valley Train includes the dining car Chocorua; the schedule varies year to year, but the Heritage Excursion operates mid-April through the end of December. The Bartlett Excursion operates early May through mid-November; the Mountaineer – covering the line through Crawford Notch a 5-hour round trip to Crawford Depot, but extended to 5½ hours during the fall foliage season when the train travels beyond Crawford Depot to Fabyan Station at Bretton Woods in the town of Carroll. The Notch Train includes an open-air car, a first-class vista dome dining & lounge car, a first-class vista dome car, a first-class car, a first-class dining car and commuter coaches retired from the Montreal commuter pool, one of, converted to a "Café table car" for passengers riding in coach. Like the Valley Trains, the schedule varies year to year but operates mid-June through late-October to early-November.

The Sunset Dinner Train – operating mid-June through mid-October on select weeknights and weekend nights. It is a 1¾-hour round trip to Bartlett. Special dinner trains include the Murder Mystery Dinner Trains and the Cupid Express, a Valentine's dinner train in February; the Mountaineer trainset is the one offered for these services. Annual special events at the railroad include Mother's Day & Father's Day specials, Military & First Responders Appreciation Days, Railfans' Weekend, Journey to the North Pole, "Steam in the Snow", a photographers' special in early January, sponsored by the Massachusetts Bay Railroad Enthusiasts. Starting in February 2020, "Snow Trains" operate over the two February school vacation weeks for Massachusetts and New Hampshire respectively; these are shuttle trains that run daily every 90 minutes from North Conway to Attitash Mountain Resort in Bartlett and back, starting at 7:30am and making a total of seven round trips per day. On June 20, 2009, a 20-axle Schnabel car was brought down through Crawford Notch carrying a 227-ton transformer for Public Service of New Hampshire, an electrical utility company.

The train was lead by 573, 6505 & 6516 It was the first scheduled freight train through Crawford Notch since September 3, 1983, the first freight train of any kind since October 1984. The empty cars where shipped out 9 days led by 6505 & 4266; this shipment completed the only revenue freight move for the Conway Scenic to date. In the 2005 Christmas television film, The 12 Dogs of Christmas, starring Jordan-Claire Green, the museum's depot was filmed in several scenes during the beginning of the film, the Conway Scenic's passenger cars were used in the film. North Conway Depot and Railroad Yard List of heritage railroads in the United States List of heritage railroads in New Hampshire List of heritage railways Conway Scenic Railroad official website Conway Scenic Railroad Photos North Conway, New Hampshire Railroad Crossings (Mike's Railroad Crossing websi

Girraween National Park

Girraween National Park is an area of the Granite Belt in the Darling Downs region of Queensland, Australia reserved as a national park. Girraween is known for dramatic landscapes and unique wildlife. Bushwalking and rock climbing are the most popular activities in the park; the park is situated 40 km south of Stanthorpe. The southern boundary of the park is the state border between New South Wales, it is a twin park with Bald Rock National Park, which lies across the border in New South Wales, features Bald Rock, the second-largest monolith on the continent. Curiously, South Bald Rock and West Bald Rock lie in Girraween National Park in Queensland, not in Bald Rock National Park in New South Wales, it features granite landscapes, balancing boulders, clear streams, wetlands and open forest. The granite outcroppings, such as the Pyramids and Castle Rock at 1112 m, dominate the local scenery; the park contains many kilometres of graded walking trails to the park's major features like the First Pyramid, Second Pyramid, The Sphinx, Turtle Rock, Underground Creek, the Eye of the Needle and Mount Norman - the highest point in the park at 1267 metres.

Fire trails can be followed when venturing into the eastern sections of the park. The park has a temperate climate. During winter snow can fall in the area. Girraween is an Aboriginal word meaning'place of flowers' and the best time to see the local flora is late in July when the Golden Wattle blooms; the park has abundant fauna, including some that are seen elsewhere in Queensland, such as the common wombat, spotted quoll and the turquoise parrot. The area is noted for its diverse flora; the eucalypt forests and heathlands provide habitat for abundant birdlife. In spring, many wildflowers bloom, this led to its being called "place of flowers" in the indigenous language; the area is the only place. In 1992, Taronga Park Zoo staff discovered the rare Bald Rock Creek turtle; the species has only been found within a ten km stretch of the creek. Camping facilities are provided by the Queensland Department of National Parks at Bald Rock Creek and Castle Rock. Both sites have toilets and showers available, the latter is suitable for caravans and has disabled access to the amenities block.

Protected areas of Queensland C. R. Twidale. Landforms and Geology of Granitic Terrains. CRC Press. ISBN 0-415-36435-3. Queensland Government and Resource Management, Official site for Girraween National Park Girraween National Park, Australia Girraween National Park QLD

Albrecht Schubert

Albrecht Schubert was a German general during World War II. He was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross of Nazi Germany. Born 23 June 1886 in Glatz, in a family of long Silesian ancestry. In 1904 he joined the Prussian Army and served with the Magdeburg-based 2nd'Prinz Louis von Preussen' Infantry Regiment. By the time of the outbreak of World War I he rose to the rank of lieutenant. Promoted to the rank of captain in 1914, during the war he served with the 1st Grenadier Regiment, 21st Reserve Brigade, 4th Landwehr Division, 11th Infantry Division and as a staff officer in the 202nd Infantry Division. After the war he remained within the Reichswehr and served in Stettin in the 2nd Division, in the 8th'Prussian' Infantry Regiment. Promoted to major in 1926, to lieutenant colonel in 1931 and to full colonel in 1933. Three years he became the commanding officer of the 12th Infantry Regiment. Following Adolf Hitler's rise to power, Schubert's career was fast-tracked. In April 1936 he was promoted to the rank of major general and in March 1938 he became a lieutenant general.

The following month he became the commanding officer of the 44th Infantry Division, with which he took part in the initial stages of World War II. During the joint Nazi and Soviet invasion of Poland in 1939 his unit took part in the fights as part of the 14th Army. After the end of hostilities in October 1939 he was temporarily withdrawn to the personal reserve of the OKH, but was soon reinstated to active service as a provisional commanding officer of the XXIII Army Corps, with which he took part in the battle of France of 1940. Shortly before the start of Operation Barbarossa, Schubert was promoted to the rank of General of the Infantry and his corps was relocated to East Prussia. In September 1941 he was awarded with the Ritterkreuz. In May 1942 he temporarily commanded the entire 9th Army, but was again withdrawn from active service in the summer of that year, it was not until the following year that he was given the command over the Hannover-based XI Army Corps. Until the end of World War II he served on various staff positions in Vienna, away from the front.

Schubert died 26 November 1966 in Bielefeld, Germany. Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 17 September 1941 as General der Infanterie and commander of XXIII. Armeekorps


Pseudotriton is a genus of salamanders in the family Plethodontidae. They are endemic to eastern and southern United StateS, from New York south to Florida and west to southern Ohio, Kentucky and eastern Louisiana, they are known as red salamanders or mud salamanders. The number of species depends on the source; the Amphibian Species of the World lists the following three species: Pseudotriton diastictus Bishop, 1941 — midland mud salamander Pseudotriton montanus Baird, 1850 — mud salamander Pseudotriton ruber — red salamanderHowever, AmphibiaWeb lists only two species as it treats Pseudotriton diastictus as a subspecies of Pseudotriton montanus, as does the International Union for Conservation of Nature