click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Demographics of Angola

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Angola, including population density, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. According to 2014 census data, Angola had a population of 25,789,024 inhabitants in 2014. Ethnically, there are three main groups, each speaking a Bantu language: the Ovimbundu who represent 37% of the population, the Ambundu with 25%, the Bakongo 13%. Other numerically important groups include the interrelated Chokwe and Lunda, the Ganguela and Nyaneka-Khumbi, the Ovambo, the Herero, the Xindonga and scattered residual groups of San. In addition, mixed race people amount to about 2%, with a small population of whites ethnically Portuguese; as a former overseas territory of Portugal until 1975, Angola possesses a Portuguese population of over 200,000, a number, growing from 2000 onwards, because of Angola's growing demand for qualified human resources. Over 300,000 Angolans are white, 1 million Angolans are mixed race and 50,000 Angolans are from China, which accounts for 1.35 million people.

In 1974, white Angolans made up a population of 330,000 to 350,000 people in an overall population of 6.3 million Angolans at that time. The only reliable source on these numbers is Gerald Bender & Stanley Yoder, Whites in Angola on the Eve of Independence: The Politics of Numbers, Africa Today, 21 1974, pp. 23 - 37. Today, many Angolans who are not ethnic Portuguese can claim Portuguese nationality under Portuguese law. Estimates on the overall population are given in O País</ref> Besides the Portuguese, significant numbers of people from other European and from diverse Latin American countries can be found. From the 2000s, many Chinese have settled and started up small businesses, while at least as many have come as workers for large enterprises. Observers claim that the Chinese community in Angola might include as many as 300,000 persons at the end of 2010, but reliable statistics are not at this stage available. In 1974/75, over 25,000 Cuban soldiers arrived in Angola to help the MPLA forces at the beginning of the Angolan Civil War.

Once this was over, a massive development cooperation in the field of health and education brought in numerous civil personnel from Cuba. However, only a small percentage of all these people has remained in Angola, either for personal reasons or as professionals; the largest religious denomination is Catholicism. 26% are followers of traditional forms of Protestantism, but over the last decades there has in addition been a growth of Pentecostal communities and African Initiated Churches. In 2006, one out of 221 people were Jehovah's Witnesses. Blacks from Mali and Senegal are Sunnite Muslims, but do not make up more than 1 - 2% of the population. By now few Angolans retain African traditional religions following different ethnic faiths. According to the 2019 revision of the World Population Prospects the total population was 30,809,787 in 2018, compared to only 4 148 000 in 1950; the proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2010 was 46.6%, 50.9% was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 2.5% was 65 years or older.

Structure of the population: Registration of vital events is in Angola not complete. The Population Department of the United Nations and the CIA World Factbook prepared the following estimates. Total Fertility Rate and Crude Birth Rate: Demographic statistics according to the World Population Review in 2019. One birth every 25 seconds One death every 2 minutes One net migrant every Infinity minutes Net gain of one person every 31 secondsThe following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated. 30,355,880 29,310,273 0-14 years: 48.07% 15-24 years: 18.33% 25-54 years: 27.95% 55-64 years: 3.32% 65 years and over: 2.32% total: 15.9 years. Country comparison to the world: 224th male: 15.4 years female: 16.3 years 3.49% Country comparison to the world: 2ndThe population is growing by 3.52% annually. There are 44.2 9.2 deaths per 1,000 citizens. The net migration rate is 0.2 migrants per 1,000 citizens. The fertility rate of Angola is 6.16 children born per woman as of 2017.

The infant mortality rate is 67.6 deaths for every 1,000 live births with 73.3 deaths for males and 61.8 deaths for females for every 1,000 live births. Life expectancy at birth is 60.2 years. 6.09 children born/woman Country comparison to the world: 2nd 43.7 births/1,000 population Country comparison to the world: 1st 9 deaths/1,000 population Country comparison to the world: 60th 0.2 migrant/1,000 population Country comparison to the world: 67th 19.4 years note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 total population: 60.6 years Country comparison to the world: 207th male: 58.5 years female: 62.7 years 57.1% total: 10 years male: 13 years female: 8 years At birth: 1.05 male/female Under 15 years: 1.02 male/female 15–64 years: 1.03 male/female 65 years and older:.79 male/female Total population: 1.02 male/female (

Pashto phonology

Amongst the Iranian languages, the phonology of Pashto is of middle complexity, but its morphology is complex. The phonemes /q/, /f/ are only found in loanwords, tend to be replaced by /k/, /p/. /n/ has non-phonemic allophones: before /k/ and /ɡ/, before /ʈ/ and /ɖ/, before /t͡ʃ/ and /d͡ʒ/, before /b/ and /p/. /ɳ/ is a voiced retroflex nasal flap, narrowly transcribed Voiceless stops and affricates /p, t, ʈ, t͡s, t͡ʃ, k/ are all unaspirated, like Spanish, other Romance languages, Austronesian languages. /ʂ~ç/ and /ʐ~ʝ/ are dialectal allophones, The retroflex variants are used in the Southwest dialects whereas the palatal variants are used in the Wardak and Central Ghilji dialects. Some Northern dialects merge them with the velar /x, ɣ/. /h/ is dropped in most Southwest dialects and Waṇētsī. /r/ is a voiced alveolar flap, single in most dialects. /ɭ̆/ is a voiced retroflex lateral flap. As it does not have a dedicated IPA symbol, it can be represented as /ɺ̢, ɺ̣/. Pashto syllable structure can be summarized.

The following restrictions apply: Onset First consonant: Can be any consonant, including a liquid. Second consonant: Can be any consonant. Nucleus Semivowel Vowel Semivowel Coda First consonant: Can be any consonant Second consonant: Can be any consonant Pashto has a liking for word-initial consonant clusters in all dialects; however consonant gemination is unknown to Pashto. Most dialects in Pashto have seven diphthongs. In Waziri dialect the in Standard Pashto becomes in Southern Waziri. In Waziri dialect the stressed in Standard Pashto becomes as in the word meaning'sickle' becomes and as in the word meaning'flour' becomes; the in Standard Pashto may become as in the word meaning'shoulder' from or. In the Apridi dialect the in Standard Pashto becomes; the in Standard Pashto as in becomes or. Few short vowels occur in the Peshawar dialect; the diphthongs varies according to dialect. The stressed diphthong changes to in Wanetsi; the diphthong used to indicate feminine noun gender changes to in Kâkaṛi.

The long diphthongs and becomes and in most Northeastern dialects. Pashto has phonemic variable stress, unique amongst Iranian languages. For instance the pronouns are differently inflected: In verbs to distinguish aspect: In verbs to distinguish mood

Jason Simontacchi

Jason William Simontacchi is an assistant pitching coordinator in the Kansas City Royals organization. He was the pitching coach for the Springfield Cardinals, the Double-A minor league affiliate of the St. Louis Cardinals from 2014–2018, he was starting pitcher for four years in Major League Baseball, from 2002–2004 and 2007. He pitched in the minors from 1996–1999 and from 2001–2004, in the organizations of the Kansas City Royals, Pittsburgh Pirates, Minnesota Twins, St. Louis Cardinals, where he made his major league debut, he finished his pitching career in the independent leagues in 2008 and 2010. After transferring from De Anza College, Simontacchi attended San Jose State University in the 1994–95 school year and pledged the Cal Iota chapter of the Phi Delta Theta fraternity as a member of the Alpha Theta pledge class. Simontacchi completed his collegiate baseball career at the College of Idaho, he was Pitcher of the Year in 1998 for the independent Frontier League champions, the Springfield Capitals, going 10–2 with an ERA of 2.95.

He played in the Italian Professional League for Rimini Baseball Club and went 12–1 with a 1.17 ERA in 2000, where he played well enough to make the roster for Italy at the 2000 Sydney Olympics, where he was the winning pitcher against South Africa, pitched in relief versus USA and was the losing pitcher against the Netherlands, finishing the Olympics with a 1.17 ERA and 10 strikeouts in 15.1 innings. He had an ERA of 2.34 and a record of 5-1 in 2002 for the Triple-A Memphis Redbirds, a year in which he played with the St. Louis Cardinals as a 28-year-old rookie. Through his first 13 starts with the Cardinals, he went 7-1 with a 2.82 ERA. He finished the season with an 11-5 record in 24 starts, ninth in Rookie of the Year voting. In 2003, he was 9–5 as a part-time starter with 16 starts and an ERA of 5.56. Simontacchi suffered right shoulder problems from a torn labrum in 2004, was released by the Cardinals at the end of the year, he subsequently missed the entirety of the 2005 season. Simontacchi considered playing for Italy at the 2006 World Baseball Classic, but decided not to.

He signed a minor-league deal with the Chicago Cubs for the 2006 season, but his contract was voided. However, he pitched 10 games in the independent Atlantic League for the Bridgeport Bluefish with an ERA of 0.84. He pitched for the Estrellas Orientales in the Dominican Winter Baseball League and in his five starts went 3-1 with a 2.02 ERA over 27 innings. In 2007, he was a non-roster invitee to the Washington Nationals in spring training, was projected to be in the Nationals starting rotation until a groin injury sidelined him, he rehabbed in Triple-A, when starters Jerome Williams and John Patterson both went on the 15-day disabled list in the span of 10 days, he was called up and started against the Milwaukee Brewers on May 8. He pitched well until giving up a three-run home run in the sixth inning and receiving the loss. In his second start, on May 13, 2007, he pitched ​5 1⁄3 innings, collected his first major league win since 2003. By mid-July, he was 6–7 with an ERA of 6.37. He experienced elbow soreness after a start on July 15, five days landed on the disabled list due to right elbow tendinitis.

Simontacchi became a free agent at the end of the season. Simontacchi pitched in the Independent Atlantic League in 2008 with the Long Island Ducks. Simontacchi was a starting pitcher for the Lancaster Barnstormers of the Atlantic League during the 2010 season. In 2013, Simontacchi became the pitching coach with the Single-A St. Louis Cardinals-affiliated Peoria Chiefs. In 2014, he was promoted to the Double-A affiliate of the Cardinals; as of 2019, Simontacchi is now a pitching coach in the Kansas City Royals organization. Career statistics and player information from ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference

Good Girls Revolt

Good Girls Revolt is an American period drama web television series. It is inspired by Lynn Povich's 2013 book The Good Girls Revolt and based on real-life events; the show was released on October 2016, on Prime Video. On December 2, 2016, Amazon cancelled the series after one season; the series follows a group of young female researchers at News of the Week magazine in the revolutionary times of 1969. Women in the newsroom are relegated to low-level positions. Many researchers are more talented and better educated than their male counterparts, do writing that the reporters incorporate directly into their stories, yet are paid less; the women have a sense that they're paid a lot less, during the series it emerges just how much lower their pay is. But at issue is the fact that their writing is not recognized: on the rare occasions when a female researcher's writing is accepted, the story is nonetheless published under the man's name only. Genevieve Angelson as Patricia "Patti" Robinson Anna Camp as Jane Hollander Erin Darke as Cindy Reston Hunter Parrish as Douglas "Doug" Rhodes Chris Diamantopoulos as Evan Phinnaeus "Finn" Woodhouse Joy Bryant as Eleanor Holmes Norton Jim Belushi as William "Wick" McFadden Grace Gummer as Nora Ephron Frankie Shaw as Naomi Leah Machelle Cohen as Vivian Daniel Eric Gold as Sam Rosenberg Teddy Bergman as Gabriel "Gabe" Greenstone J. P. Manoux as JP Crowley Michael Graziadei as Gregory Alexander DiPersia as Noah Benowitz Cheyenne Haynes as Novo Good Girls Revolt has received positive reviews from critics, with most comparing it to Mad Men and some calling it a female version of that show.

On Rotten Tomatoes, a score of 71% was reported with its critical consensus saying: "Good Girls Revolt features a compelling true story, told by a talented cast if the period drama hasn't yet achieved Mad Men-level mastery". On Metacritic, a 66 out of 100 metascore was reported indicating, "generally favorable reviews". Official website Good Girls Revolt on IMDb LynnPovich.com

Winner (band)

Winner, stylized as WINNER, is a South Korean boy group formed in 2013 by YGE through reality survival program WIN: Who Is Next. The group consists of four members, Seunghoon and Seungyoon. A five-piece group, departed from the group in November 2016 due to health and well-being. After several delays, the group debuted on August 17, 2014 with the release of studio album 2014 S/S ahead of official debut, claiming the number one spot on Gaon Album Chart and Billboard World Albums Chart upon release; the lead singles "Empty" and "Color Ring" hit number one and three on Gaon Digital Chart. The Korea Herald cited their success as "unprecedented" for a newly debuted group, thus claiming the title "Monster rookies"; the same year on September 10, the group debuted in Japan. They won numerous awards for Best New Artist in 2014, including at the Mnet Asian Music Awards and the Melon Music Awards. Following the group's hiatus in 2015, Winner's first extended play Exit: E was number one in South Korea, alongside lead singles "Sentimental" and "Baby Baby" both yielding spots within the Gaon top-six.

Following the group's reformation, Winner's first single album Fate Number For peaked at number two on Gaon while lead singles "Really Really" and "Fool" became another chart-topper after placing number one and six in South Korea. "Really Really" went on to selling over 2.5 million digital copies on Gaon. The same year, Winner released Our Twenty For, their second studio album, Everyday subsequently placed number one on Gaon along with second extended play, We. Lead singles Everyday, Millions peaked at number two in South Korea. In 2010, the group's leader Kang Seung-yoon was a contestant on Mnet's Superstar K2, finishing in fourth place; the following year, he signed with YGE and made his acting debut in the MBC sitcom High Kick: Revenge of the Short Legged. In 2013, he debuted as a solo artist and released multiple songs, including hit single "It Rains". In 2010, Kim Jin-woo was brought to the agency by Big Bang's Seungri through Joy Dance Plug In Music Academy. Nam Tae-hyun was recruited through audition in 2011.

Lee Seung-hoon competed in SBS's K-pop Star in 2012. Soon after, he signed under YGE the same year on May 16. Song Min-ho debuted under Y2Y Contents Company in the group BoM, which disbanded two years later. In 2013, he joined YGE through audition, after being noticed from his appearance in Channel A's The Strongest K-POP Survival. On August 23, 2013 the five competed as "Team A" on Mnet survival program Win: Who Is Next against "Team B", consisting of trainees they have trained with under the label. Throughout the span of 100 days, the show consisted of three rounds of performances and public voting. During the finale, on October 25 Team A was announced as the winners thus claiming the title "Winner" and commencing with preparation for debut, they performed as the opening act at labelmate senior Big Bang's Japanese dome tour beginning on November 15. From December 13, Winner broadcast their reality program, Winner TV, consisting of ten episodes on Mnet showcasing their debut preparation and lifestyle.

On March 1 and 2, 2014 Winner performed as guests at labelmate senior 2NE1's All or Nothing tour in Seoul. Winner continued appearing as guest performers in other stops of 2NE1's second world tour, including Hong Kong on March 22, April 11 in China, April 26 and 27 in Taiwan, May 17 in Philippines and May 24 in Malaysia. In midst of touring with 2NE1, Winner joined the YG Family Power World Tour from April 12. Between June and August, the group members were re-introduced to the public after eight months in anticipation for their debut, through series of teaser images and videos. Ahead of debut, on August 6 Winner awed the public through the unique idea of holding a showcase in the form of a launch party with an audience of 400 attendees; the event held a fashion show with models from YGKPlus on the runway finishing with the members themselves in their unique suits. South Korean media revealed such an event was fresh; the show gave an insight to the classy image the group will bring through their debut with the digital release of studio album 2014 S/S on August 12 and physical on August 14.

After several delays, the group debuted on August 17 with lead singles "Empty" and "Color Ring", The same day, their first appearance was on SBS' Inkigayo and soon became the fastest group to win on a music show through M! Countdown. 2014 S/S charted at number one on Gaon as well as Billboard World Albums Chart, while lead singles "Empty" and "Color Ring" claimed first and third on Gaon. Korea Herald cited the success of their lead single "Empty" as "unprecedented" for a newly debuted group, thus claiming the title "Monster rookies", their commercial success earned them the'Top 10 Artist' award on Melon Music Awards, followed multiple'Best New Artist' awards on shows including Golden Disc Awards and Gaon Chart Music Awards. Winner found success in China, soon earning the Best New Force Group award at the QQ Music Awards alongside the Most Popular Korean Group award on the Youku Tudou Young Choice 2014. On September 10, Winner released the Japanese version of their album, 2014 S/S: Japan Collection which peaked at No. 2 on the Oricon Weekly Album Chart, selling 35,079 copies in four days.

They embarked on their first Japan tour the next day successfully concluding the tour in Tokyo on October 11, drawing 50,000 people in total. On December 9, Fuse announced their 13 Top Breakout Artists of 2014, with Winner at number 11, being the only South Korean artists on the list. Dazed Digital revealed their top 20 K-pop tracks of 2014 on D

4+1 architectural view model

4+1 is a view model used for "describing the architecture of software-intensive systems, based on the use of multiple, concurrent views". The views are used to describe the system from the viewpoint of different stakeholders, such as end-users, system engineer, project managers; the four views of the model are logical, development and physical view. In addition, selected use cases or scenarios are used to illustrate the architecture serving as the'plus one' view. Hence, the model contains 4+1 views: Logical view: The logical view is concerned with the functionality that the system provides to end-users. UML diagrams are used to represent the logical view, include class diagrams, state diagrams. Process view: The process view deals with the dynamic aspects of the system, explains the system processes and how they communicate, focuses on the run time behavior of the system; the process view addresses concurrency, integrator and scalability, etc. UML diagrams to represent process view include the sequence diagram, communication diagram, activity diagram.

Development view: The development view illustrates a system from a programmer's perspective and is concerned with software management. This view is known as the implementation view, it uses the UML Component diagram to describe system components. UML Diagrams used to represent the development view include the Package diagram. Physical view: The physical view depicts the system from a system engineer's point of view, it is concerned with the topology of software components on the physical layer as well as the physical connections between these components. This view is known as the deployment view. UML diagrams used to represent the physical view include the deployment diagram. Scenarios: The description of an architecture is illustrated using a small set of use cases, or scenarios, which become a fifth view; the scenarios describe sequences of interactions between processes. They are used to identify architectural elements and to illustrate and validate the architecture design, they serve as a starting point for tests of an architecture prototype.

This view is known as the use case view. The 4 +1 view model is not restricted to any notation, tool or design method. Quoting Kruchten, The “4+1” view model is rather “generic”: other notations and tools can be used, other design methods can be used for the logical and process decompositions, but we have indicated the ones we have used with success. View model