click links in text for more info

Demographics of Djibouti

This article is about the demographics of Djibouti, including population density, education level, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. Djibouti is a multiethnic country; as of 2018, it has a population of around 884,017 inhabitants. Djibouti's population grew during the latter half of the 20th century, increasing from about 69,589 in 1955 to around 869,099 by 2015; the two largest ethnic groups are the Afar. The Somali clan component is composed of the Issas, a sub-clan of the larger Dir; the remaining 5% of Djibouti's population consists of Arabs and Europeans. 76% of local residents are urban dwellers. 40,000 people from Yemen live in Djibouti. 4,000 soldiers from the United States live in Djibouti, they represent 0.4% of its total population. Djibouti is a multilingual nation; the majority of local residents speak Afar as a first language. These idioms are the mother tongues of the Afar ethnic groups, respectively. Both languages belong to the larger Afroasiatic family.

There are three official languages in Djibouti: Somali and French. Arabic is of religious importance. In formal settings, it consists of Modern Standard Arabic. Colloquially, about 59,000 local residents speak the Ta'izzi-Adeni Arabic dialect known as Djibouti Arabic. French serves as a statutory national language, it was inherited from the colonial period, is the primary language of instruction. Around 17,000 Djiboutians speak it as a first language. Immigrant languages include Omani Arabic, Amharic and Hindi. According to the 2019 revision of the World Population Prospects, the total population was 958,923 in 2018 compared to 62,000 in 1950; the proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2010 was 35.8%, 60.9% was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 3.3% was 65 years or older. The following are UN medium variant projections; the Population Department of the United Nations prepared the following estimates. Births and deaths Demographic statistics according to the World Population Review in 2019.

One birth every 24 minutes One death every 65 minutes One net migrant every 720 minutes Net gain of one person every 37 minutesThe following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook. 884,017 828,324 0-14 years: 30.71% 15-24 years: 21.01% 25-54 years: 39.63% 55-64 years: 4.82% 65 years and over: 3.83% total: 24.2 years. Country comparison to the world: 165th male: 22.4 years female: 25.7 years Total: 22.8 years Male: 21.1 years Female: 24.1 years 23.3 births/1,000 population Country comparison to the world: 59th 7.5 deaths/1,000 population Country comparison to the world: 109th 5.7 migrant/1,000 population Country comparison to the world: 19th 2.13% Country comparison to the world: 42nd 2.18% 2.27 children born/woman Country comparison to the world: 90th 19% total dependency ratio: 56.5 youth dependency ratio: 50.1 elderly dependency ratio: 6.4 potential support ratio: 15.6 urban population: 77.8% of total population rate of urbanization: 1.67% annual rate of change DJIBOUTI 562,000 at birth: 1.03 male/female under 15 years: 1 male/female 15-24 years: 0.89 male/female 25-54 years: 0.71 male/female 55-64 years: 0.85 male/female 65 years and over: 0.82 male/female total population: 0.86 male/female total population: 64 years Country comparison to the world: 191st male: 61.4 years female: 66.6 years Total population: 62.4 years Male: 59.93 years Female: 64.94 years adult prevalence rate: 1.2% people living with HIV/AIDS: 7,700 deaths: 690 degree of risk: high food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid fever vectorborne disease: dengue fevernote: pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country.


Stommeln is a village in the north-west of Cologne, Germany. It has a population of 8,157. Stommeln is part of the Town of Pulheim, its most recognisable feature is the old mill. Belonging to Stommeln:Stommelerbusch Ingendorf The Synagogue in Stommeln was built in 1882, it resisted the Nazi pogroms. Since 1991 there is an annual exhibition of an international artist. 1991 Jannis Kounellis 1992 Richard Serra 1993 Georg Baselitz 1994 Mischa Kuball 1995 Eduardo Chillida 1996 Maria Nordman 1997 Carl Andre 1998 Rebecca Horn 1999 Erich Reusch 2000 Giuseppe Penone 2001 Roman Signer 2002 Lawrence Weiner 2003 Rosemarie Trockel 2004 Richard Long 2005 Sol LeWitt 2006 Santiago Sierra 2007 Max Neuhaus 2008 Maurizio Cattelan Christina von Stommeln Dieter Dierks

Alfred Gaselee

General Sir Alfred Gaselee, was a soldier who served in the Indian Army. Gaselee was born at Little Yeldham, the eldest son of the Reverend John Gaselee, rector of Little Yeldham, his wife, Sarah Anne Mant, he entered Felsted School in 1853 and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, in 1861. Gaselee was commissioned as an ensign into the 93rd regiment on 9 January 1863, he was involved in the campaign on the North-West Frontier of India in that year. He was promoted lieutenant on 11 October 1866, transferred to the Bengal staff corps, joined the 4th Punjab infantry on 27 September 1867. Gaselee went with the Indian force to Abyssinia, where he acted as assistant to the director-general of transport and was present at the capture of Magdala, he was promoted captain on 9 January 1875, served with the Jowaki expedition of 1877–8. In the Second Anglo-Afghan War, Gaselee was a deputy assistant quartermaster-general, accompanied Lord Roberts on the march from Kabul to the relief of Kandahar, he was made a brevetted major on 2 March 1881.

Gaselee was promoted to major on 9 January 1883, lieutenant-colonel on 9 January 1889, was made a Companion of the Order of the Bath on 19 November 1891. On 27 September 1892, he was promoted to the command of 5th Gurkha Rifles. On 1 February 1893, he was appointed aide-de-camp to Queen Victoria, he served in the Isazai expedition, the Waziristan field force, the Tirah campaign. For his services in Tirah, Gaselee was created a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath on 20 May 1898. From 25 July 1898 to 3 June 1901, he served as quartermaster-general of the Army in India and brigadier-general commanding Bundelkhand district. In the summer of 1900, when the Boxer Uprising in China was at its height, Gaselee was chosen to command the British element in the international expeditionary force, on 3 July 1900 promoted to major-general. Gaselee was nominally put in charge of the Gaselee Expedition because the Eight-Nation Alliance was prejudiced against the non-white Japanese General Baron F. Yamaguchi though he was the highest-ranking officer.

As a reward for his services, he was created Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire on 24 July 1901. Gaselee was appointed to command the Lucknow district in Bengal in April 1901, but was granted an extended leave of office after his return home from China and did not take up the position until late 1902, he was promoted lieutenant-general on 30 June 1903 on appointment as Commander-in-Chief Bengal Command and to full general on 30 June 1906. He became General Officer Commanding-in-Chief of the Northern Army in India in 1907, he retired in November 1908 and, having been created a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath on 25 June 1909, he died at his residence in Guildford on 29 March 1918. On 20 August 1895 he married secondly Alice Margaret, daughter of Gartside Gartside-Tipping of Rossferry, County Fermanagh, who outlived him. Anonymous. "Obituary: Death of Sir Alfred Gaselee". Riddick, John; the history of British India: a chronology. Praeger Publishers. ISBN 978-0313322808


KUVI-DT, virtual channel 45 and UHF digital channel 26, is a Justice Network-affiliated television station licensed to Bakersfield, United States. Owned by the Univision Local Media subsidiary of Univision Communications, it is sister to two Class A stations: Univision owned-and-operated station KABE-CD, channel 39, UniMás owned-and-operated station KBTF-CD, channel 31; the three stations share studios on Truxtun Avenue in the western section of Bakersfield. Until 2017, it was the only Univision-owned station for which the main channel broadcasts in English; the station first went on the air on December 18, 1988 as KDOB-TV. It was owned by Dorothy Owens, it first operated from studios located on North Chester Avenue in Bakersfield. Dorothy would sold the station to her brother Buck in 1990. and would change its call letters to KUZZ-TV on March 18, 1991. The station moved its operations to a new studio facility located on Sillect Avenue in Bakersfield; the station became a charter affiliate of UPN on January 16, 1995, remained with that network for its entire existence.

On October 17, 1997, the station once again changed its call letters, this time to KUVI. Buck Owens sold the station to current owner Univision in 1998. One last change to the call letters during the analog era came on January 1, 2004, the station chose to add the "-TV" suffix to the letters, hence the current callsign KUVI-TV. With the digital transition completed, the station replaced the "-TV" suffix with the "-DT" duffix on June 23, 2009. KUVI at first was tentatively awaiting to affiliate with The CW Television Network, but instead it was announced on June 15, 2006 that it would affiliate with MyNetworkTV, despite the fact that owner Univision was sold to a group led by children's television mogul Haim Saban. Providence Equity Partners, one of the private equity firms which are part of the Saban-led consortium, acquired a 19 percent stake in Univision at that time; the CW affiliation ended up on KWFB, now called KGET-DT2, as of September 18, 2006. On April 20, 2007, Clear Channel entered into an agreement to sell its entire television stations group to Newport Television, a broadcasting holding company controlled by Providence Equity Partners.

However, with only four full-power stations, Bakersfield does not have enough to support a co-owned duopoly operation. As a result, the Federal Communications Commission granted conditional approval of the deal, provided that Providence Equity Partners divest either KGET or its stake in Univision as soon as the sale was finalized; that occurred on March 14, 2008. KGET was divested by Newport Television to High Plains Broadcasting. On September 11, 2017, KUVI-DT became an affiliate of the Justice Network; the station's digital signal is multiplexed: KUVI-TV discontinued regular programming on its analog signal, over UHF channel 45, on June 12, 2009, the official date in which full-power television stations in the United States transitioned from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate. The station's digital signal relocated from its pre-transition UHF channel 55, among the high band UHF channels that were removed from broadcasting use as a result of the transition, to its analog-era UHF channel 45.

Buck Owens Official website Univision 39 Bakersfield website Query the FCC's TV station database for KUVI-DT BIAfn's Media Web Database -- Information on KUVI-DT

William G. Hartley

William George Hartley was an American historian and author. He wrote many books on family history research, histories of specific families and 19th-century Latter-day Saint history. Hartley graduated from Arroyo High School in San Lorenzo, California in 1960, he served a mission for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in the Eastern States Mission and the Cumorah Mission from 1962 to 1964. Hartley received both master's degrees from Brigham Young University, he did course work towards a Ph. D. at Washington State University. Hartley was a member of the LDS Church, for which he served as a member of a stake high council, a Sunday school teacher and a counselor in an elders quorum presidency, he served for a time as bishop of the Sandy 37th Ward. Hartley and his wife, the former Linda Perry, are the parents of six children. In 1972 Hartley began working at the Church History Department and served for a time as a director of the James H. Moyle oral history project. In 1980, Hartley transferred to the newly created Joseph Fielding Smith Institute for Latter-day Saint History at BYU and was appointed associate professor of history.

He served as director of the Family History and Genealogy Research Center at BYU. Besides teaching courses at both BYU and its Salt Lake Center, Hartley taught at the LDS Institute of Religion located adjacent to the University of Utah. Hartley was active in the Mormon History Association and served as its president in 2000–2001. At the time of his death, Hartley was working on the Joseph Smith Papers Project, he had served as an editor of the first Documents volume with Robert Woodford. Hartley's book My Best For the Kingdom: John Lowe Butler, Mormon Frontiersman won an award from the Association for Mormon Letters in 1994. Hartley's Anson Bowen Call: Bishop of Colonia Dublan, which he coauthored with Lorna Call Alder and H. Lane Johnson, won the 2008 Mormon History Award for best international Mormon history. Association for Mormon Letters awards Hartley statement endorsing a book Hartley's vita Biography at Joseph Smith Papers Project website William G. Hartley at the MLCA Database Works by or about William G. Hartley in libraries


Bots!! is a massively multiplayer online game created by Acclaim Games as the company's launch title and most popular game, with the theme of robots fighting against computer viruses. Players choose from one of three basic BOTS and level up their character through gameplay and buying items with virtual credits called gigas. Three game modes exist for the game: Sector Battle, Player versus Player, Base Battle. A Korean version of the game, called BOUT!! existed and was nearly identical, but received new updates earlier than the American version. BOUT!! was intended to be released on Xbox, but ended up being released on PC. Beta testing for BOTS!! began in March 2006 before being released in November 2006. The online servers were shut down on August 27, 2010 following the purchase of Acclaim Games by Playdom and Disney's purchasing of Playdom for $763 million. A private server of BOTS!! and BOUT!! is hosted by Zylon Gaming. In Sector Battle mode, a team of up to eight players must face viruses in different levels.

The level played is chosen by the party host from a list of levels numbered irregularly from 1 to 95, with the stipulation that the party host has completed the level before, or the level before it. Each level gives different enemy viruses and obstacles, every few levels fit a similar environment theme; every level is segmented in to sections. At the end of each level, a boss virus must be fought. Boss viruses are named after real-world malware such as Melissa or Code Red, have large special attacks; when a boss is destroyed item crates may drop containing random armor pieces to use or sell to other players. Barrels scattered around the level may contain an item crate or an enemy; the likelihood of an item appearing is based on the number of players in group or whether any of them have a "lucky" item attached. The reward is obtained by whichever player first reaches it, meaning that players who contributed little to the fight are able to receive the item, while a player who dealt the most damage or final blow to the boss might receive nothing.

The player who kills the most viruses is titled the "MVP" and receives a small experience bonus equal to the number of people in the group. The player who deals the most damage to the boss and is hit the least is titled "Boss Killer No. 1" and receives a small experience bonus. Bonus exp can be received by wearing "coin" items bought with real money, at an increased rate of 2 experience points per coin item. Elite levels occur in sector mode on level numbers ending in eight; these levels reward twice the normal amount of experience and Gigas, but are far more difficult than usual to complete. The bosses on these levels have an increased chance of dropping a box. In Player versus Player mode, up to eight players face off in a free-for-all fight in arena-style levels with a ten-minute time limit; the last player left alive is declared the winner. If the game ends because the time limit is reached, the game is declared a tie. If a player is killed, various colored fuel-canister shaped items called "Botstract" will fall from their body, which can be collected, but serve no purpose in the game.

In Base Battle, or Base versus Base, two teams of up to four players fight each other with the goal of destroying the opposing team's base. Bases can be destroyed by damaging them with regular attacks. A base is guarded with automatic turrets that shoot at opposing players, as well as non-playable mercenaries that a player can purchase before the match. Players can be killed by other players or opposing non-playable mercenaries, will respawn after a short time. Upon death, a player will lose a respawn with less health than the previous life. After five consecutive deaths, a player cannot respawn. Once all members of a team have been eliminated, the match will continue until the time limit is reached, a base is destroyed either by the opposing team or the eliminated team's mercenaries, or the other team is eliminated by quitting or falling off the edge of the level; when a base is destroyed, the game is ended and an additional gold bar may be dropped, which can be sold for gigas. Events occur on every weekend, around holidays.

Events include special modifiers applied to everybody, such as double experience, double gigas, extra coins per purchase, or the ability to receive reward items for logging for a specified number of days consecutively and obtaining an item crate drop. During events, a special boss can randomly appear in Sector mode, which has a higher rate of dropping item crates. Upon the start of a match, a player's transformation bar starts filling up. After thirty seconds, the bar reaches full capacity, the player has the option to transform into a larger and stronger robot; the type of robot that the player transforms into is dependent on the body armor piece the player is wearing. However, if a player had purchased a "transformation pack" from the store using gigas or coins, they are able to transform into more powerful robots with special attacks. Upon transforming, there is a small chance of getting a special transformation in which the player will transform into a boss virus from Sector battles. Skills are part of the Gear page on the shop menu, they are broken up into passive and active abilities, can give the players an advantage in battle.

For example, the active ability "Ion Wave" allows the player to punch the ground and send a shockwave of lethal projectiles to take out surrounding enemies. A passive ability is applied at all times, such as quick recharging