Demographics of Guinea-Bissau

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Guinea-Bissau's population between 1961 and 2003.

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Guinea-Bissau, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Ethnic groups[edit]

The population of Guinea-Bissau is ethnically diverse with distinct languages, customs, and social structures. Most Guineans, 99%, are Blacks — mostly Fula and Mandinka-speakers concentrated in the north and northeast, the Balanta and Papel, living in the southern coastal regions, and the Manjaco and Mancanha, occupying the central and northern coastal areas.

Most of the rest are mestiços of mixed Portuguese and black descent, including Cape Verdean minority. Due to the exodus of most Portuguese settlers after independence, less than 1% of Guinea-Bissauans are pure Portuguese; the country also has a Chinese minority, including Macanese people of mixed Portuguese and Chinese blood from Macau.

Most people are farmers. 38%-45% are Muslims - this makes Guinea-Bissau the only Portuguese-speaking nation with a sizable Muslim population. Most Muslims are Sunnis; the rest of the population are pagans, principally the Balanta, and Christians, mostly Roman Catholics.

Population[edit]

According to the 2017 revision of the World Population Prospects[1], Guinea-Bissau's population was 1,815,698 in 2016, compared to 518,000 in 1950;[2] the proportion of the population below the age of 15 in 2010 was 41.3%, 55.4% were aged between 15 and 65 years of age, while 3.3% were aged 65 years or older.[2]

Total population Population aged 0–14 (%) Population aged 15–64 (%) Population aged 65+ (%)
1950 518 000 38.8 57.6 3.6
1955 566 000 41.9 54.9 3.2
1960 593 000 41.3 55.7 3.0
1965 598 000 41.3 55.6 3.1
1970 603 000 37.0 59.7 3.3
1975 694 000 41.0 55.7 3.3
1980 835 000 42.1 54.4 3.5
1985 922 000 45.4 51.1 3.5
1990 1 017 000 43.8 52.8 3.5
1995 1 125 000 44.1 52.6 3.4
2000 1 241 000 43.1 53.6 3.3
2005 1 368 000 42.4 54.4 3.2
2010 1 515 000 41.3 55.4 3.3

Vital statistics[edit]

Registration of vital events is in Guinea-Bissau not complete; the Population Departement of the United Nations prepared the following estimates. [2]

Period Live births per year Deaths per year Natural change per year CBR* CDR* NC* TFR* IMR*
1950-1955 30 000 18 000 12 000 54.9 33.5 21.4 7.41 211
1955-1960 25 000 17 000 7 000 42.3 29.5 12.8 5.88 201
1960-1965 25 000 16 000 9 000 42.3 27.4 14.9 5.88 191
1965-1970 21 000 15 000 6 000 35.6 24.8 10.8 4.78 182
1970-1975 36 000 18 000 18 000 55.7 27.3 28.4 7.34 174
1975-1980 35 000 19 000 15 000 45.5 25.3 20.3 6.11 165
1980-1985 42 000 21 000 21 000 47.9 23.5 24.4 6.70 153
1985-1990 44 000 21 000 23 000 45.8 22.1 23.7 6.68 145
1990-1995 48 000 23 000 26 000 45.2 21.2 24.0 6.54 141
1995-2000 51 000 24 000 27 000 42.8 19.9 22.9 6.05 134
2000-2005 54 000 24 000 29 000 41.1 18.5 22.5 5.66 126
2005-2010 57 000 25 000 32 000 39.3 17.5 21.9 5.27 119
* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)

Life expectancy[edit]

Period Life expectancy in
Years[3]
1950–1955 35.88
1955–1960 Increase 37.19
1960–1965 Increase 38.63
1965–1970 Increase 40.60
1970–1975 Increase 42.48
1975–1980 Increase 44.49
1980–1985 Increase 46.60
1985–1990 Increase 48.18
1990–1995 Increase 49.99
1995–2000 Decrease 51.81
2000–2005 Increase 52.68
2005–2010 Increase 54.18
2010–2015 Increase 56.00

Other demographic statistics[edit]

Demographic statistics according to the World Population Review in 2019.[4]

  • One birth every 8 minutes
  • One death every 27 minutes
  • One net migrant every 288 minutes
  • Net gain of one person every 11 minutes

The following demographic are from the independent Ghana Statistical Service[citation needed] and from the CIA World Factbook[5] unless otherwise indicated.

Population[edit]

1,833,247 (July 2018 est.)
1,596,677 (July 2011 est.)

Age structure[edit]

Population pyramid of Guinea-Bissau in 2017
0-14 years: 43.55% (male 400,666 /female 397,704)
15-24 years: 20.23% (male 181,286 /female 189,515)
25-54 years: 29.9% (male 259,762 /female 288,300)
55-64 years: 3.29% (male 27,621 /female 32,611)
65 years and over: 3.04% (male 24,331 /female 31,451) (2018 est.)

Median age[edit]

total: 17.8 years. Country comparison to the world: 216th
male: 17.2 years
female: 18.5 years (2018 est.)

Birth rate[edit]

37.3 births/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 13th

Death rate[edit]

8.5 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 79th

Total fertility rate[edit]

4.81 children born/woman (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 18th

Population growth rate[edit]

2.48% (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 23rd
1.988% (2011 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate[edit]

16% (2014)

Net migration rate[edit]

0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.) Country comparison to the world: 85th

Life expectancy at birth[edit]

total population: 61.4 years (2018 est.)
male: 59.2 years (2018 est.)
female: 63.6 years (2018 est.)
total population: 50.23 years
male: 48.21 years
female: 52.31 years (2015 est.)

Dependency ratios[edit]

total dependency ratio: 80.4 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 75.2 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 5.2 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 19.3 (2015 est.)

Urbanization[edit]

urban population: 43.4% of total population (2018)
rate of urbanization: 3.41% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Sex ratio[edit]

  • at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
  • 0-14 years: 1 male(s)/female
  • 15-24 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
  • 25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
  • 55-64 years: 0.6 male(s)/female
  • 65 years and over: 0.6 male(s)/female
  • total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2015 est.)

Nationality[edit]

noun:Guinean (s)
adjective:Guinean

Ethnic groups[6][edit]

Religions[6][edit]

Languages[6][edit]

Literacy[edit]

definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 59.9%
male: 71.8%
female: 48.3% (2015 est.)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  2. ^ a b c Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision
  3. ^ "World Population Prospects - Population Division - United Nations". esa.un.org. Retrieved 2018-08-26.
  4. ^ "Guinea-Bissau Population 2019", World Population Review
  5. ^ "The World FactBook - Ghana", The World Factbook, July 12, 2018 This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  6. ^ a b c "Africa :: GUINEA-BISSAU". CIA The World Factbook.