This article is about the demographic features of the population of Mauritius, including population density, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. Mauritian society includes people from many different ethnic groups. A majority of the republic's residents are the descendants of people from India. Mauritius contains substantial populations from continental Africa, France, Great Britain, the East African island nation of Madagascar among other places; the majority of the population are Indo-Mauritians. Creoles are about a quarter of the population. There are 30,000 Han Sino-Mauritians from the Hakka and other Chinese sub-ethnic/linguistic groups. Franco-Mauritians are numbered about 13,000; the Franco-Mauritian group are the descendants of former slave-owners, comprises the largest group of people of European origin on the island. There is a smaller population of people of British descent living in Mauritius, most of whom have Mauritian nationality.
The term Anglo-Mauritian, which may include Mauritians living in the UK, is used unofficially. There's a substantial new arrivals of white South Africans, numbering about 20,000, is a growing community. While within the Mauritian social context, the main ethnic groups are referred to as the following: Hindus or Indians 30%, residing all over the Island, with higher concentration in the North. While the government groups Mauritians in four ethnic groups: Hindus, Muslims and general population, the general population gathers all that don't practice the Hindu or Muslim religion, or are not Chinese by race. Hence general population is the Christian community, which includes whites, coloureds and those who have converted to Christianity; the exception to the rule is that the general population does not include the Christian-Chinese, although most practice a mix of Christianity and traditional Chinese religions. Small groups of foreign students from Europe or the Indian Ocean region are present. Recent years have seen a steady flow of foreign workers into the textile industry, the construction industry, harbour-related activities.
Immigration policy does not provoke much debate in Mauritius, the relative economic stability of the island serves to attract foreign workers. According to the 2019 revision of the World Population Prospects the total population was 1,267,185 in 2018, compared to 479,000 in 1950; the proportion of the population aged under 15 was 21.9% in 2010. 71.2 % were between 65 years of age, with 6.9 % being 65 years or older. Structure of the population: Structure of the population: Mauritius has an estimated population of 1,283,415 on December 31, 2010. 14,701 children were born in 2011. The table below presents the population development of Mauritius since 1900; the figure up to 1945 are for the island of Mauritius only. As of 1946 the island of Rodrigues is included. Figures from Statistics Mauritius and United Nations Demographic Yearbook; the main languages spoken in Mauritius are English and Mauritian Creole. There is no official language. English is the official language of the parliament, though French is permitted.
However, the lingua franca is Mauritian Creole and the newspapers and television programs are in French. Mauritian Creole, spoken by 90 percent of the population, is considered to be the native language of the country and is used most in informal settings, it was developed in the 18th century by slaves who used a pidgin language to communicate with each other as well as with their French masters, who did not understand the various African languages. The pidgin evolved with generations to become a casual language. Mauritian Creole is a French-based creole due to its close ties with French pronunciation and vocabulary. Bhojpuri is spoken by a large percentage of Mauritian people at home and in informal scenarios. Around 10,000 people can speak the Tamil language and many of their children have started to learn the language; the religions present in the republic are Hinduism 51.9%, Roman Catholicism 25.1%, Other Christian 5.3%, Islam 15.3%, None 0.7%, Other 0.6, Unspecified 0.1%More than 90% of the Sino-Mauritian community are Christian.
According to the United Nations, there were 28,713 international migrants in Mauritius in 2017. Their most common countries of origin were as follows: Demographic statistics according to the World Population Review in 2019. One birth every 39 minutes One death every 50 minutes One net migrant every Infinity minutes N
Popular Favorites is the second studio album by the Oblivians. It was released in 1996 on Crypt Records. "Christina" – 1:59 "Trouble" – 1:57 "The Leather" – 3:10 "Guitar Shop Asshole" – 1:25 "Hey Mama, Look at Sis" – 1:46 "Part of Your Plan" – 2:15 "Do the Milkshake" – 5:19 "Strong Come On" – 1:28 "She's a Hole" – 1:42 "Bad Man" – 2:42 "He's Your Man" – 2:14 "Drill" – 1:20 "You Better Behave" – 1:45 "Pinstripe Willie" – 1:26 "You Fucked Me Up, You Put Me Down" – 1:56 "Emergency" – 1:59 Greg Oblivian – Guitar, vocals Eric Oblivian – Guitar, vocals Jack Oblivian – Guitar, vocals
Garfield County is one of the 64 counties in the U. S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 56,389; the county seat is Glenwood Springs. The county is named in honor of United States President James A. Garfield. Garfield County is included in the Glenwood Springs, CO Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Edwards-Glenwood Springs, CO Combined Statistical Area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,956 square miles, of which 2,948 square miles is land and 8.3 square miles is water. Rio Blanco County - north Routt County - northeast Eagle County - east Pitkin County - southeast Mesa County - south Grand County, Utah - southwest Uintah County, Utah - northwest Flat Tops Wilderness Grand Mesa National Forest Harvey Gap State Park Rifle Falls State Park Rifle Gap State Park Routt National Forest White River National Forest Dinosaur Diamond Prehistoric Highway National Scenic Byway Flat Tops Trail Scenic Byway West Elk Loop Scenic Byway As of the census of 2000, there were 43,791 people, 16,229 households, 11,279 families living in the county.
The population density was 15 people per square mile. There were 17,336 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 89.96% White, 0.45% Black or African American, 0.71% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 6.53% from other races, 1.84% from two or more races. 16.67 % of the population were Latino of any race. 18.1% were of German, 11.1% English, 11.0% Irish, 7.1% American and 5.6% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000. There were 16,229 households out of which 37.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.60% were married couples living together, 7.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.50% were non-families. 22.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.30% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.11. In the county, the population was spread out with 27.10% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 33.00% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, 8.80% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 105.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.00 males. The median income for a household in the county was $47,016, the median income for a family was $53,840. Males had a median income of $37,554 versus $27,280 for females; the per capita income for the county was $21,341. About 4.60% of families and 7.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.10% of those under age 18 and 5.50% of those age 65 or over. Garfield County has voted for Republican Party candidates in presidential elections throughout its history, with the county only failing to back the Republican candidates six times from 1912 to the present day; the most recent Democratic win was by Bill Clinton in 1992, but Republicans have been held to a plurality of the county's votes in half of the six following presidential elections. Glenwood Springs Rifle Carbondale New Castle Silt Parachute Battlement Mesa Catherine Cattle Creek Chacra Mulford No Name Outline of Colorado Index of Colorado-related articles National Register of Historic Places listings in Garfield County, Colorado Garfield County Government website Garfield County Statistical Data Colorado County Evolution by Don Stanwyck Colorado Historical Society
The Manned Maneuvering Unit is an astronaut propulsion unit, used by NASA on three Space Shuttle missions in 1984. The MMU allowed the astronauts to perform untethered extravehicular spacewalks at a distance from the shuttle; the MMU was used in practice to retrieve a pair of faulty communications satellites, Westar VI and Palapa B2. Following the third mission the unit was retired from use. A smaller successor, the Simplified Aid For EVA Rescue, was first flown in 1994, is intended for emergency use only; the unit featured redundancy to protect against failure of individual systems. It was designed to fit over the life-support system backpack of the Space Shuttle Extravehicular Mobility Unit; when carried into space, the MMU was stowed in a support station attached to the wall of the payload bay near the airlock hatch. Two MMUs were carried on a mission, with the second unit mounted across from the first on the opposite payload bay wall; the MMU controller arms were folded for storage. When an astronaut backed into the unit and snapped the life-support system into place, the arms were unfolded.
To adapt to astronauts with different arm lengths, controller arms could be adjusted over a range of 13 centimetres. The MMU was small enough to be maneuvered with ease within complex structures. With a full propellant load, its mass was 148 kilograms. Gaseous nitrogen was used as the propellant for the MMU. Two aluminium tanks with Kevlar wrappings contained 5.9 kilograms of nitrogen each, enough propellant for a six-hour EVA depending on the amount of maneuvering done. Typical MMU velocity capability was about 80 feet per second. There were 24 nozzle thrusters placed at different locations on the MMU. To operate the propulsion system, the astronaut used their fingertips to manipulate hand controllers at the ends of the MMU's two arms; the right controller produced rotational acceleration for roll and yaw. The left controller produced translational acceleration for moving forward-back, up-down, left-right. Coordination of the two controllers produced intricate movements in the unit. Once a desired orientation was achieved, the astronaut could engage an automatic attitude-hold function that maintained the inertial attitude of the unit in flight.
This freed both hands for work. In 1966, the US Air Force developed an Astronaut Maneuvering Unit, a self-contained rocket pack similar to the MMU; this was planned to be tested during Project Gemini on an EVA by Eugene Cernan on Gemini 9A on June 5, 1966. However, the test had to be cancelled because Cernan and overheated, sweated so profusely that his helmet visor fogged before he could get to the AMU mounted on the back of the spacecraft. Astronauts did not learn how to work during EVA without tiring until the final Gemini 12 mission, but no AMU was carried on that flight. Since there was no real need for self-contained astronaut EVA flight in the Apollo and Skylab programs, the idea had to wait for the advent of the Space Shuttle program, though several maneuvering device designs were tested inside Skylab; the MMU was used on three Shuttle missions in 1984. It was first tested on February 7 during mission STS-41-B by astronauts Bruce McCandless II and Robert L. Stewart. Two months during mission STS-41-C, astronauts James van Hoften and George Nelson attempted to use the MMU to capture the Solar Maximum Mission satellite and to bring it into the orbiter's payload bay for repairs and servicing.
The plan was to use an astronaut-piloted MMU to grapple the SMM with the Trunion Pin Attachment Device mounted between the hand controllers of the MMU, null its rotation rates, allow the Shuttle to bring it into the Shuttle's payload bay for stowage. Three attempts to grapple the satellite using the TPAD failed; the TPAD jaws could not lock onto Solar Max because of an obstructing grommet on the satellite not included in the blueprints for the satellite. This led to an improvised plan; the improvisation had the MMU astronaut use his hands to grab hold of an SMM solar array and null the rates by a push from MMU's thrusters. Instead, this attempt induced higher rates and in multiple axes. SMM Operations Control Center engineers shut down all non-essential SMM subsystems and with a bit of luck were able to recover the SMM minutes before total failure; the ground support engineers stabilized the satellite and nulled its rotation rates for capture with the orbiter's robotic arm, the Shuttle Remote Manipulator System.
This proved to be a much better plan. Their successful work increased the lifespan of the satellite; the final MMU mission was STS-51-A, which flew in November 1984. The propulsion unit was used to retrieve two communication satellites, Westar VI and Palapa B2, that did not reach their proper orbits because of faulty propulsion modules. Astronauts Joseph P. Allen and Dale Gardner captured the two satellites and brought them into the Orbiter payload bay for stowage and return to Earth. After a safety review following the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster, the MMU was judged too risky for further use and it was found many activities planned for the MMU could be done with manipulator arms or traditional tethered EVAs. NASA discontinued using the Shuttle for commercial satellite contracts, the military discontinued the use of the Shuttle, eliminating the main potential uses. Although the MMU was envisioned as a natural aid for constructing the International Space Station, with its retirement, NASA developed different tethered spacewalk approaches.
The two operational, flown flight units MMU #2 and #3 were stored by NASA in a clean room at Lockheed in Denver through 1998. NASA transfer
Josie Rachel Pearson MBE is a Paralympian wheelchair rugby player and athlete from England. Pearson represented Great Britain in the 2008 Summer Paralympics, becoming the first women to compete in wheelchair rugby for her country at the Paralympics. After competing as a sprint athlete, Pearson switched to throwing events and qualified for the 2012 Summer Paralympics in both discus and club throw in the F51 class taking the gold in discus with a world record distance. Pearson was born in Bristol in 1986 to Sue; the younger of two daughters, Pearson grew up in the village of Herefordshire. She moved to Hay-on-Wye on the Welsh border, where her mother ran a fashion and lifestyle shop. A keen show jumper, she was involved in a head-on car collision near Goytre in Wales in May 2003; the accident, in which her boyfriend died, resulted in Pearson breaking two bones in her neck and suffering permanent spinal damage. Her legs were paralysed but she retained some use of her arms. While Pearson at first wished to continue riding, her injuries made that course difficult.
She continued her sporting endeavours and along with appearing in a dressage exhibition in 2005, she trained as a wheelchair racer in 100, 200 and 400m events. She began wheelchair rugby while studying neuroscience at Cardiff University, while there she contacted the local club, Cardiff Pirates. Accepted into the team, she decided to leave university after a year to concentrate on making the Paralympic squad, a goal she had followed since watching the Athens Games. In November 2006 she was selected to represent Great Britain at the 2008 Summer Paralympics; the team finished just after losing to Canada in the bronze medal decider. In 2011 at the IPC Athletics World Championships in New Zealand she finished 5th in both the 100m and 800m events and was disqualified in both the 200m and 400m races. Frustrated by her performance, Pearson decided to leave wheelchair racing and switched to throwing events, she took up discus and the club throw, in 2011 came first in the F51 discus in the Czech Open with a distance of 4.42 and second in the F51 club throw, recording 8.81m.
In 2012, she improved on her personal bests, throwing 12.81m in the club and a world record of 6.66m in the F51 discus. These results were enough to qualify for the 2012 Summer Paralympics in both events. On 7 September 2012, Pearson won gold at the 2012 Paralympic Games, breaking the F51 discus world record in the process; as part of the Olympic and Paralympic home-nation celebrations, the Royal Mail issued a stamp of each of the gold winning medalists, as well as painting a post-box in their home town gold. Pearson chose Hay-on-Wye as the location for her golden post-box. Pearson was appointed Member of the Order of the British Empire in the 2013 New Year Honours for services to athletics. In 2013 Pearson qualified for the discus and club throw as part of the British team for the 2013 IPC Athletics World Championships in Lyon, France. In the discus Pearson threw a distance of 7.09m, setting a new world record and securing the gold medal. Four days she recorded a personal best in the club throw, secured the bronze medal.
In 2014, Pearson won silver in the club throw at the IPC European Championships in a GB & NI one, three. After a restructuring to the Paralympic programme in the run-up to the 2016 Summer Paralympics, in April 2015 it was announced that Pearson had joined British Cycling's Paralympic Podium Programme in order to compete in handcycling. Results for Josie Pearson from the International Paralympic Committee
Carlos Roberto de Carvalho known as Carlos Roberto, is a former footballer and current Brazilian manager who played in the 1960s and 1970s. He played as midfielder. Carlos Roberto was a long-time professional soccer player He was first selected for the Brazil national football team at the age of 21. Although he was not selected to the squad for the 1970 FIFA World Cup finals, he was part of manager Zagallo's build-up to the finals. After Botafogo, he played for Santos, Atlético Paranaense, Bangu and CSA, where he finished his playing career. Carlos became the trainer for Al-Thai of Saudi Arabia, it was his first experience in the Middle East and he was successful. He returned to Brazil to train America-MG, his international experience continued. He returned to Saudi Arabia to train Al Shabab FC. Back in Minas Gerais he trained time to command Rio Branco, he went for the third time to Saudi Arabia, to train Al-Ansar SC and Al Shabab FC. Next he became manager for Alvinegro. Moving again, he worked in the Arab Emirates.
On 4 March 2007, Carlos Robert became the manager of America Football Club. In 2008, he commanded the Madureira in the Carioca Championship, having left the position to work in the exterior. Carlos took charge of Thailand Premier League side Bangkok Glass in June 2009 as a technical director and in 2010 as a head coach, he took the head coaching job for Muangthong United after René Desaeyere in January 2011. However, his Muangthong United lost on penalties to Indonesia’s Sriwijaya in the 2011 AFC Champions League qualifying play-off, eliminating them from the tournament. BotafogoTaça Guanabara: 2006 Campeonato Carioca: 2006Bangkok GlassSingapore Cup: 2010