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Demographics of Mayotte

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Mayotte, including population density, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. Mayotte's population density went from 179 persons per square kilometer in 1985 to 251 per square kilometer in 1991, its capital, had a population of 5,865 according to the 1985 census. The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook. Population: 178,437 Age structure: 0-14 years: 46.5% 15-64 years: 51.8% 65 years and over: 1.7% Median age: total: 16.9 years male: 18.1 years female: 15.7 years Population growth rate: 3.47% Birth rate: 42.86 births/1,000 population Death rate: 8.34 deaths/1,000 population Net migration rate: 7.94 migrant/1,000 population Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male/female under 15 years: 1.01 male/female 15-64 years: 1.2 male/female 65 years and over: 0.99 male/female total population: 1.1 male/female Infant mortality rate: total: 65.98 deaths/1,000 live births female: 59.44 deaths/1,000 live births male: 72.32 deaths/1,000 live births Life expectancy at birth: total population: 60.6 years male: 58.49 years female: 62.78 years HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA% HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA Total fertility rate: 4.5 children born/woman Nationality: noun: Mahorais adjective: Mahoran Ethnic groups: NA Religions: Muslim 97%, Christian Languages: Mahorian, French spoken by 35% of the population Literacy: definition: NA total population: 86% male: NA% female: NA% The centre hospitalier de Mayotte is a French hospital located in Mamoudzou, on the ground of Grande-Terre island in Mayotte, in south west of océan Indien.

Its technical plate has seen in year 2008, 4,470 out of 8,100 born people seen within the collectivité territoriale. This give it the little nickname of « first maternité of France ». During the year 2007, 62% of women who came there to have a baby were not affiliated to the Sécurité sociale: among them, there are many Anjouan women and other Malgaches women enter illicitly in the French territory. Santé à Mayotte

B. J. Goodson

B. J. Goodson is an American football linebacker for the Green Bay Packers of the National Football League, he played college football at Clemson University and was drafted by the New York Giants in the fourth round of the 2016 NFL Draft. A native of Lamar, South Carolina, Goodson attended Lamar High School where he played linebacker, tight end, kick returner. An All-State selection in his junior year, Goodson was credited with 96 tackles and six tackles for loss and added 16 receptions for 220 yards and two touchdowns on offense. Lamar finished the 2009 season with a 12–2 record as the SCHSL Class A runner-up, losing 36–6 to Steve Taneyhill's Chesterfield in the state championship game. In his senior year, Goodson recorded 156 tackles on the season and was invited to the North-South All-Star Game in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina. Regarded as a three-star recruit by ESPN, Goodson was ranked as the No. 29 outside linebacker prospect in the class of 2011. He verbally committed to Clemson on the eve of his senior season, over scholarship offers from Tennessee and Louisiana State, among others.

After redshirting his initial year at Clemson, Goodson progressed from a backup linebacker and valuable special teams player to starting linebacker and leading tackler of the Tigers defense. Appearing in 47 career games with 21 starts, he was credited with 205 tackles, 17.5 tackles for loss, 6.5 sacks, 21 quarterback pressures, five pass breakups and five recovered fumbles. The New York Giants selected Goodson in the fourth round of the 2016 NFL Draft. Goodson was the 15th linebacker drafted in 2016. On June 19, 2016, the New York Giants signed Goodson to a four-year, $2.92 million contract that includes a signing bonus of $582,207. Throughout training camp, Goodson competed against Keenan Robinson and Jasper Brinkley to be the starting middle linebacker after it was left vacant due to the retirement of Jon Beason. Head coach Ben McAdoo named Goodson the backup middle linebacker to start the regular season, behind starting middle linebacker Kelvin Sheppard. Goodson was inactive for the New York Giants’ season-opening 20–19 victory at the Dallas Cowboys.

On September 18, 2016, Goodson made his professional regular season debut in the New York Giants’ 16–14 victory against the New Orleans Saints in Week 2. On December 18, 2016, Goodson collected a season-high four combined tackles and forced a fumble during a 17–6 victory against the Detroit Lions in Week 15, he finished his rookie season in 2016 with nine combined tackles and one forced fumble in 15 games and zero starts. Goodson played special teams and was limited to 14 snaps on defense. Goodson entered training camp slated as the starting middle linebacker. Defensive coordinator Steve Spagnuolo held a competition between Goodson, Keenan Robinson, Mark Herzlich during training camp. Head coach Ben McAdoo named Goodson the starting middle linebacker to begin the regular season, he started alongside outside linebackers Devon Jonathan Casillas. He made his first career start in the New York Giants’ season-opener at the Dallas Cowboys and recorded a career-high 18 combined tackles during a 19–3 loss.

Goodson was sidelined for the next two games due to a shin injury. In Week 6, he recorded six combined tackles and made a season-high two pass deflections in the Giants’ 23–10 victory at the Denver Broncos, he was inactive for four consecutive games and the Giants’ 30–10 loss against the Dallas Cowboys in Week 14 after injuring his ankle. On December 4, 2017, the New York Giants fired head coach Ben McAdoo after the Giants fell to a 2–10 record. Defensive coordinator Steve Spagnuolo was named the interim head coach for the last four games of the season. Goodson was inactive for a Week 16 loss at the Arizona Cardinals and was subsequently placed on injured reserve on December 27, 2017, he finished the season with 53 combined tackles, two pass deflections, one forced fumble in seven games and seven starts. On January 22, 2018, the New York Giants announced their decision to hire Minnesota Vikings’ offensive coordinator Pat Shurmur as their new head coach. Shumur hired James Bettcher as defensive coordinator and changed the base 4-3 defense into a base 3-4 defense.

Goodson became a starting inside linebacker as a result of the change. Head coach Pat Shurmur named Goodson and Alec Ogletree the starting inside linebacker to begin the regular season, they started alongside outside linebackers Olivier Kareem Martin. He started in the New York Giants’ season-opener against the Jacksonville Jaguars and made three combined tackles and was credited with half a sack to mark the first of his career during a 20–15 loss. Goodson made his first career sack on Jaguars’ quarterback Blake Bortles for an eight-yard loss during the first quarter with teammate Kerry Wynn. On November 12, 2018, Goodson recorded six combined tackles, deflected two passes, made two interceptions during a 27–23 victory at the San Francisco 49ers in Week 10. Goodson made his first career interception off a pass by 49ers’ quarterback Nick Mullens during the game; the pass was intended for wide receiver Kendrick Bourne and was returned by Goodson for a five-yard gain during the first quarter. Goodson was inactive during the Giants’ Week 13 victory against the Chicago Bears due to a neck injury.

In Week 15, he collected a season-high nine solo tackles and broke up a pass attempt as the Giants lost 17–0 against the Tennessee Titans. He finished the 2018 NFL season with 61 combined tackles, four pass deflections, two interceptions, was credited with half a sack in 15 games and 13 starts, he received an overall grade of 66.2 from Pro Football Focus, which ranked as the 41st best grade among all linebackers in 2018. On September 2, 2019, Goo

Paul Hession

Paul Hession is an Irish international track and field athlete who the fastest Irishman in history over 200 metres. He specialises in the sprinting events the 200 metres, he has won silver and bronze medals at the World University Games, a silver medallist in the 200 m in the 2008 IAAF World Athletics Final and in 2007 made the leap into world class by setting 4 Irish national records at 100 metres and 200 metres. He is a member of a Fishing Panel. After competing in the IAAF World Junior Championships in 2002, Hession made his major championship debut for Ireland the same year, at the 2002 European Championships where he finished 7th in his heat in a time of 21.28. The following year Hession missed the World Championships but was rewarded with silver medal in the 200 m at the World University Games. Two years Hession won bronze in the 2005 edition, he followed this up with a disappointing run in his first World Athletics Championship. In the 2006 European Championships Hession ran poorly in the semi final and with a time of 20.80 was eliminated.

In 2007, Hession broke his first Irish national record by running the 100 m in 10.28 in Kalamata. Only three weeks he lowered the record to 10.18 in Vaasa. When Hession stepped up to his preferred distance of 200 m he again broke the Irish record twice. First running 20.44 in the Sheffield Grand prix, 20.30 in the Irish national championships in Dublin. Hession competed in the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, he trained in Japan in the build-up. On 18 August he won his 200 m quarter final to qualify for the semi-final in a time of 20.32, just after Usain Bolt had a time of 20.29. In the semi-final he finished fifth in a time of 20.38 however he missed out on a place in the final as only the top four qualified. Hession had another good season on the 2008 Grand Prix circuit, this time claiming second place in the 200 m at the World Athletics Final. On 15 November 2008 Paul was awarded the prestigious Athlete of the Year at the annual Athletics Association of Ireland awards dinner. In the 2010 European Athletics Championships in Barcelona.

Hession made history as the first Irishman to qualify for the finals of the 200 metres in the European Athletics Championships. Hession ran 20.71 seconds. Hession participated in the 2012 London Olympics. In his first round heat he ran the 200m in a time of 20.69 sec which yielded him 5th place in his heat. That was not enough to see him through to the semi-final. A graduate of NUI Galway, at last he received a M. B. B. Ch. B. A. O. in 2014, as well as a Final Medical Medal for Outstanding Sporting Achievement on the same occasion. He had put his medical studies on hold to pursue athletics full-time. Hession is working as a doctor in Childrens University Hospital, Temple Street, Dublin. IAAF profile Hession's Page on the Athletics Association of Ireland Web Page


Sha1sum is a computer program that calculates and verifies SHA-1 hashes. It is used to verify the integrity of files, it is installed by default in most Unix-like operating systems. Variants include shasum, sha224sum, sha256sum, sha384sum and sha512sum, which use a specific SHA-2 hash function, sha3sum. Versions for Microsoft Windows exist, the ActivePerl distribution includes a perl implementation of shasum. On FreeBSD and OpenBSD the utilities are called md5, sha1, sha256, sha512; these versions offer different options and features. Additionally, FreeBSD offers the "SKEIN" family of message digests; the SHA-1 variants are proven vulnerable to collision attacks, users should use for example a SHA-2 variant such as sha256sum instead to prevent tampering by an adversary. It is included in GNU Core Utilities and Toybox. To create a file with an sha1 hash in it, if one is not provided: If distributing one file, ".sha1" may be appended to the filename e.g.: The output contains one line per file of the form " SPACE ".

For example: To verify the file was downloaded correctly: sha1sum can only create checksums of one or multiple files inside a directory, but not of a directory tree, i.e. of subdirectories, sub-subdirectories, etc. and the files they contain. This is possible by using sha1sum in combination with the commands xargs. Sha1deep can create checksums of a directory tree. You can use sha1sum with exec: cksum md5sum md5deep Comparison of file verification software GNU Core Utilities sha1sum – Linux User Commands Manual Apple Knowledge Base Article "Mac OS X: How to Verify a SHA-1 Digest" sha1sum for Windows announcement FreeBSD Manual Pages md5 OpenBSD General Commands Manual md5 Generate SHA1 Hash

Pope Innocent XI

Pope Innocent XI, born Benedetto Odescalchi, was Pope from 21 September 1676 to his death on August 12, 1689. He is known in Budapest as the "Saviour of Hungary". Much of his reign was concerned with tension with Louis XIV of France. A conservative, he lowered taxes in the Papal States during his pontificate and he produced a surplus in the papal budget; because of this surplus he repudiated excessive nepotism within the Church. Innocent XI was frugal in matters of governing the Papal States, from dress to leading a life with Christian values. Once he was elected to the Papacy, he applied himself to moral and administrative reform of the Roman Curia, he abolished sinecures and pushed for greater simplicity in preaching as well as greater reverence in worship—requesting this of both the clergy and faithful. After a difficult cause for canonization, starting in 1791, which caused considerable controversy over the years and, stopped on several occasions, he was beatified with no opposition in 1956 by Pope Pius XII.

Benedetto Odescalchi was born in Como on 16 May 1611, the son of a Como nobleman, Livio Odescalchi, Paola Castelli Giovanelli from Gandino. His siblings were Carlo, Giulio Maria, Constantino and Paolo, he had several collateral descendants of note through his sister: her grandson Cardinal Baldassare Erba-Odescalchi, Cardinal Benedetto Erba Odescalchi, Cardinal Carlo Odescalchi. The Odescalchi, a family of minor nobility, were determined entrepreneurs. In 1619, Benedetto's brother founded a bank with his three uncles in Genoa which grew into a successful money-lending business. After completing his studies in grammar and letters, the 15-year-old Benedetto moved to Genoa to take part in the family business as an apprentice. Lucrative economic transactions were established with clients in the major Italian and European cities, such as Nuremberg, Kraków, Rome. In 1626 Benedetto's father died, he began schooling in the humane sciences taught by the Jesuits at his local college, before transferring to Genoa.

In 1630 he narrowly survived an outbreak of plague. Some time between 1632 and 1636, Benedetto decided to move to Rome and Naples in order to study civil law; this led to his securing the offices of protonotary apostolic, president of the apostolic chamber, commissary of the Marco di Roma, governor of Macerata. He subsequently became legate to Ferrara; when he was sent to Ferrara in order to assist the people stricken with a severe famine, the Pope introduced him to the people of Ferrara as the "father of the poor." In 1650, Odescalchi became bishop of Novara, in which capacity he spent all the revenues of his see to relieve the poor and sick in his diocese. He participated in the 1655 conclave. With the permission of the pope he resigned as bishop of Novara in favor of his brother Giulio in 1656 and went to Rome. While there he took a prominent part in the consultations of the various congregations of which he was a member, he participated in the 1669-70 conclave. Odescalchi was a strong papal candidate after the death of Pope Clement IX in 1669, but the French government rejected him.

After Pope Clement X died, Louis XIV of France again intended to use his royal influence against Odescalchi's election. Instead, believing that the cardinals as well as the Roman people were of one mind in their desire to have Odescalchi as their Pope, Louis reluctantly instructed the French party cardinals to acquiesce in his candidacy. On 21 September 1676, Odescalchi was chosen to be Clement X's successor and took the name of Innocent XI, he chose this name in honour of Pope Innocent X, who made him a cardinal in 1645. He was formally crowned as pontiff on 4 October 1676 by the protodeacon, Cardinal Francesco Maidalchini. Upon his accession, Innocent XI turned all his efforts towards reducing the expenses of the Curia, he passed strict ordinances against nepotism among the cardinals. He lived parsimoniously and exhorted the cardinals to do the same. In this manner he not only squared the annual deficit which at his accession had reached the sum of 170,000 scudi, but within a few years the papal income was in excess of the expenditures.

He lost no time in declaring and manifesting his zeal as a reformer of manners and a corrector of administrative abuses. Beginning with the clergy, he sought to raise the laity to a higher moral standard of living, he closed all of the theaters in Rome and famously brought a temporary halt to the flourishing traditions of Roman opera. In 1679 he publicly condemned sixty-five propositions, taken chiefly from the writings of Escobar and other casuists as propositiones laxorum moralistarum and forbade anyone to teach them under penalty of excommunication, he condemned in particular the most radical form of mental reservation which authorised deception without an outright lie. Not unfriendly to Miguel de Molinos, Innocent XI yielded to the enormous pressure brought to bear upon him to confirm in 1687 the judgement of the inquisitors by which sixty-eight quietist propositions of Molinos were condemned as blasphemous and heretical. Innocent XI showed a degree of sensitivity in his dealings with the Jews within the Italian States.

He compelled the city of Venice to release the Jewish prisoners taken by Francesco Morosini in 1685. He discouraged compulsory baptisms which accordingly became less frequent unde

William Allen (banker)

For the Canadian banker with a similar name see William Allan William Allen was an English banker, a co-founder of the first bank to be opened in Manchester, was the father of a future bishop. William Allen was the youngest of six sons, his mother died in 1742, when he was aged six, he was brought up by his father. When his father died, he was the sole surviving child, inherited his father's house and property. In 1760 he, in 1765, bought Davyhulme Hall, near Urmston. A year his wife died and in 1768 he married Ellen Livesey, the daughter of John Livesey, a Blackburn cotton mill owner. In 1770 their son Joseph, the future bishop, was born. A daughter, was born in 1774 Allen was a co-founder of the bank of Byrom, Allen and Place known as the Manchester Bank, the first bank to be established in the city, which opened its doors on 2 December 1771, its other founders were Edward Byrom, Roger Sedgwick, Edward Place. Place left the bank after a few months to take up other business interests. Byrom died in 1773, Sedgwick in 1779, leaving Allen as the sole director.

One of the bank's customers was the firm of Livesey and Company. Allen's wife one of the Livesey family, Allen made large loans to the company; however the company went bankrupt in 1788, with debts totalling £1.5 million Two days the bank itself collapsed, Allen was declared bankrupt, had to sell his property. Allen and his family went to live with Robert Wainwright Ashley, an old friend, in their home at Park Place in Frodsham, where he died four years later. In 1794 William's daughter, married Wainwright's son, in 1807 Joseph married Wainwright's daughter, Margaret. Joseph had studied in Manchester at Trinity College, Cambridge. After serving as vicar to two London churches, he was appointed Bishop of Bristol in 1834 Bishop of Ely two years remaining there until his death in 1845. William's wife, had died in 1825, they were both buried in St Laurence's Church and there is a wall monument to their memory in the chancel of the church