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Demographics of Mexico

With a population of about 126 million in 2019, Mexico ranks as the 10th most populated country in the world. It is the most populous Spanish-speaking country and the third-most populous in the Americas after the United States and Brazil. Throughout most of the twentieth century Mexico's population was characterized by rapid growth. Although this tendency has been reversed and average annual population growth over the last five years was less than 1%, the demographic transition is still in progress, Mexico still has a large cohort of youths; the most populous city in the country is the capital, Mexico City, with a population of 8.9 million, its metropolitan area is the most populated with 20.1 million. 50% of the population lives in one of the 55 large metropolitan areas in the country. In total, about 78.84% of the population of the country lives in urban areas, meaning that only 21.16% live in rural areas. The Census Inegi in Mexico is the Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía; the National Population Council, is an institution under the Secretary of the Interior in charge of the analysis and research of population dynamics.

The National Commission for the Development of Indigenous Peoples undertakes research and analysis of the sociodemographic and linguistic indicators of the indigenous peoples In 1900, the Mexican population was 13.6 million. During the period of economic prosperity, dubbed by economists as the "Mexican Miracle", the government invested in efficient social programs that reduced the infant mortality rate and increased life expectancy; these measures jointly led to an intense demographic increase between 1930 and 1980. The population's annual growth rate has been reduced from a 3.5% peak in 1965 to 0.99% in 2005. While Mexico is now transitioning to the third phase of demographic transition, close to 50% of the population in 2009 was 25 years old or younger. Fertility rates have decreased from 5.7 children per woman in 1976 to 2.2 in 2006. The average annual population growth rate of the capital, the Federal District, was the first in the country at 0.2%. The state with the lowest population growth rate over the same period was Michoacán, whereas the states with the highest population growth rates were Quintana Roo and Baja California Sur, both of which are two of the least populous states and the last to be admitted to the Union in the 1970s.

The average annual net migration rate of the Federal District over the same period was negative and the lowest of all political divisions of Mexico, whereas the states with the highest net migration rate were Quintana Roo, Baja California and Baja California Sur. While the national annual growth rate was still positive in the early years of the 2000s, the national net migration rate was negative, given the former strong flow of immigrants to the United States. However, as of recent years in the 2010s, the net migration rate reached 0, given the strong economy of Mexico, changes in US Immigration Policy & Enforcement, US Legislative and CFR-8 decisions, plus the recovering US economy, causing many of its former residents to return; the Mexican government projects that the Mexican population will grow to about 123 million by 2042 and start declining slowly. Assumptions underlying this projection include fertility stabilizing at 1.85 children per woman and continued high net emigration. The states and the Federal District that make up the Mexican federation are collectively called "federal entities".

The five most populous federal entities in 2005 were the State of Mexico, the Federal District, Veracruz and Puebla, which collectively contain 40.7% of the national population. Mexico City, being coextensive with the Federal District, is the most populous city in the country, while Greater Mexico City, that includes the adjacent municipalities that comprise a metropolitan area, is estimated to be the second most populous in the world, according to the UN Urbanization Report. Intense population growth in the northern states along the US-Mexican border, changed the country's demographic profile in the second half of the 20th century, as the 1967 US-Mexico maquiladora agreement through which all products manufactured in the border cities could be imported duty-free to the US. Since the adoption of NAFTA in 1994, which allows all products to be imported duty-free regardless of their place of origin within Mexico, the non-border maquiladora share of exports has increased while that of border cities has decreased.

This has led to decentralization and rapid economic growth in Mexican states, such as Quintana Roo, Baja California Sur, Nuevo Leon, Querétaro, Aguascalientes. The population of each of these five states grew by more than one-third from 2000-2015, while the whole of Mexico grew by 22.6% in this period. According to the 2012 revision of the World Population Prospects, the total population was 117,886,000 in 2010, compared to only 28,296,000 in 1950; the proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2010 was 30%, 64% of the population was between 15 and 65 years of age, 6% was 65 years or older. Structure of the population: Source: Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía The following estimates were prepared by the Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía: Life expectancy in Mexico from 1893 to 1950. Source: Ou

Wergeland Township, Yellow Medicine County, Minnesota

Wergeland Township is a township in Yellow Medicine County, United States. The population was 201 at the 2000 census. Wergeland Township was called Union Township, under the latter name was organized in 1879. Less than one month the name Wergeland was adopted, after Henrik Wergeland, a Norwegian writer, playwright and linguist. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 33.9 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 201 people, 72 households, 58 families residing in the township; the population density was 5.9 people per square mile. There were 74 housing units at an average density of 2.2/sq mi. The racial makeup of the township was 99.50% White, 0.50% from two or more races. There were 72 households out of which 41.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 75.0% were married couples living together, 2.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 19.4% were non-families. 16.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.

The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.16. In the township the population was spread out with 28.4% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 26.4% from 45 to 64, 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 113.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 111.8 males. The median income for a household in the township was $43,250, the median income for a family was $46,071. Males had a median income of $29,583 versus $18,250 for females; the per capita income for the township was $15,341. About 5.4% of families and 6.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.1% of those under the age of eighteen and none of those sixty five or over

Assembly of Vietnamese Youth for Democracy

Assembly of Vietnamese Youth for Democracy or Democratic Youth Movement is an organization of young Vietnamese worldwide intent on pushing for political freedom in Vietnam. The movement was founded by Nguyễn Tiến Trung a student dissident arrested by the authorities in Vietnam July 7, 2009 and charged with "plotting to overthrow the regime"; the organization was founded on May 8, 2006 by Nguyễn Tiến Trung, a Vietnamese student while studying overseas in France. The precipitant was a letter sent to the Ministry of Education seeking redress for the heavy ideological load within the Vietnamese education curriculum. Trung proposed a full reform of the system, eliminating the preeminence of Marxist-Leninist thinking. For the THTNDC, the objectives set forth are: Promote democratic principles in Vietnam Create a forum for the coming together of youths and the exchange of ideas Anticipate the participation of youths in political parties; the Assembly of Vietnamese Youth for Democracy is headed by the Representative Council as set forth in the Charter.

The Representative Council designates individual members to supervise the organization's activities in specific geographical areas. Different mediums are employed for the dissemination of news and directives. Despite the state-controlled mass communication in Vietnam, THTNDC justifies its activities on the 69th Article of Constitution of Vietnam, the 20th Article of Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the 21st and 22nd Article of International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. THTNDC promotes the democratization of Vietnam through its youths by encouraging the exchange of political ideas and participation, the dissemination of democratic principles; the organization seeks to prepare the younger population to take part in the political spheres. THTNDC takes on social issues, advocating for anti-corruption campaigns, fighting on behalf of farmers against forced land seizures, calling for the respect for the rule-of-law; the latter would include the creation of a civil society, judicial independence, freedom of the press.

In late 2006 taking advantage of the APEC summit being hosted in Hanoi, THTNDC organized a mass assembly named "Nối Vòng Tay Lớn" to collect signatures in a petition the APEC leaders directly. The intent was pressure the Vietnamese government in the midst of the international spotlight to respect the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which it had signed; the campaign had the goal of uniting all Vietnamese, in-country and overseas, regardless of religious and political views to raise their voices in unison in the name of democracy. Nguyễn Tiến Trung himself visited US President George W. Bush, seeking his support at the Broken Spoke ranch in Texas at a fund raising event hosted by the Republican Party. THTNDC won the endorsement of the Belgian Deputy to the Council of Europe Johan Weyts, René van der Linden, President of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe in support of Vietnamese democracy; the organization has aligned itself with the Vietnam Democratic Party created in 1944 but had ceased formal operation in 1988.

It was resurrected by a high ranking party-member-turned-dissident Hoang Minh Chinh in 2006 and THTNDC joined the Democratic Party's call for a peaceful transformation of Vietnam politics. Other Activities May 8/2006 – Viet Youth for Democracy was founded by Nguyen Tien Trung and other Vietnamese students. May 18–21/2006–2079 signatures were collected within 72 hours in an open letter in order to send it to United Nation Secretary General Mr. Kofi Annan for his journey in Vietnam, from 23 to 25 May 2006. June 25/2006 – Institute National des Sciences Appliquées de Rennes: Signatures were collected from VYD members, INSA professors and many Vietnamese scholars in France. July 1-September 11/2006 – France: Hand-in-Hand Marathon was initiated, connecting people worldwide to collect signatures asking the APEC leaders to support for democracy in Vietnam; the APEC summit was host by the Socialist Republic of Vietnam in Hanoi in November 2006. July 1/2006 – Place de Trocadéro, Paris: Hand-in-Hand Marathon started.

July 15/2006 – California: Attended Vietnamese Student Association annual meeting in San Jose, shared with other youths about issues and situation in Vietnam. July 16/2006 – California: Hand-in-Hand Marathon torch passed San Jose, with many Vietnamese supporters and local city representatives. August 11/2006 – Texas: Met the former president George W. Bush and his staffs at the Broken Spoke Ranch in Austin, Texas. August 13/2006 – Paris: Members of VYD cycled within the city to collect signatures. September 3/2006 – Belgium: Cycling Marathon across European Union Congress and other central centers within Brussels. Hand-in-Hand Marathon ended. VYD met with former Senator Johan Weyts of Belgium. September 25/2006 – Belgium: Met and exchanged information about VYD and Vietnam with René Van der Linden, Chair of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe in Brussels. October 31/2006 – Over 3300 signatures were scanned and sent via postal service to offices of APEC leader that attended the conference in Vietnam.

November 9/2006 – Canada: Nguyen Tien Trung met the Prime Minister of Canada Stephen Harper and other Canadian officials. Prime Minister Stephen Harper reminded the Vietnamese government regarding its human rights violation in Vietnam during the APEC conference in Hanoi. March 17/2007 – Youth Voices Radio launched via the Internet. Visit Youth Voices Radio here. April 25/2007 – Tạp chí Thanh Niên PHÍA TRƯỚC (AH

Khabul Khan

Khabul Khan known as Qabul Khan, Kabul Khan and Khabul Khagan, was the first known Khan of the Khamag Mongol confederation and great-grandfather to Genghis Khan. Khabul Khan was great-grandson of the Khaidu, he was head of the Borjigin clan. Khabal Khan entered history as a result of his clashes with the Jurchens, a people who lived north of Liao in Manchuria, established the Jin dynasty in 1115, took control over Manchuria. In alliance with the Chinese Song dynasty, they attacked the Liao, by 1122 had captured a significant portion of Liao territory. In 1135, Khabul Khan was invited to the court of Taizong of Jin, where he famously pulled the emperor’s beard; the Jin army pursued him into southern Mongolia, but Khabul eluded capture and returned with a larger army to pillage the Jin dynasty. When the Jin army entered Mongolia with the intention of conquering the territories ruled by Yelü Dashi named Emperor Dezong of Liao, and, the founder of the Qara Khitai, or Western Liao dynasty, it was Khabul Khan who put together a Mongol confederation and led the successful effort to repel this invasion.

The confederation was called the Khamag Mongol and consisted of the four core clans: Khiyad, Taichuud and Jirukhen. It is “sometimes…considered a predecessor state” of Genghis Khan’s empire; when the Jurchen accepted their defeat, they recognized Khabul Khan, in 1146 or 1147, as the paramount ruler of the Mongols, although they still “officially considered him their vassal.”Khabul Khan has been described as having “expanded his Mongol tribe and achieved incredible triumph in suppressing the Tatar tribes,” an accomplishment in which he was aided by his son Yasukai. His activities during his reign marked the first attempts to politically unify the Mongols. Though Khabul Khan had 7 sons, he nominated Ambaghai, a son of Sengun Bilge from Taichuud clan, as his successor. Khabul Khan had the oldest being Okin-barkhakh and the second oldest Bartan the Valiant. Bartan, in turn, fathered Yesugei, the father of Genghis Khan; the Khabul Khan's third son was Mongler. Khabul is considered important today because of his establishment of the Mongol state.

He is considered by some historians to have been a reformer and is described as a promoter of democracy. Family tree of Genghis Khan

Frank Moran

Francis Charles Moran was an American boxer and film actor who fought twice for the Heavyweight Championship of the World, appeared in over 135 movies in a 25-year film career. Born in Cleveland, Ohio, to Martin and Mary Moran, immigrants from County Mayo, Moran studied dentistry at the University of Pittsburgh where he played football, he played professional football for the Pittsburgh Lyceums and Akron Pros as a center. While Moran was serving in the U. S. Navy in 1908, he knocked out fighter Fred Cooley in the second round. While serving on the U. S. S. Mayflower, he served as a spar partner for President Theodore Roosevelt, he began his career as a prize-fighter that same year with a match against Fred Broad. Soon, who had a hard right hand punch which he called "Mary Ann", became known as the "White Hope" of the teens. In 1914 he fought Jack Johnson for the Heavyweight Championship of the World, in 1916 "The Fighting Dentist" went up against Jess Willard for the same title, but lost both bouts.

He lost his last fight to Marcel Nilles for the Heavyweight Championship of France on December 22, 1922. He retired from boxing after 66 bouts with a record of 36 wins, 13 losses, 16 draws and 1 no contest. After acting in one show on Broadway in 1926 – a stage adaptation of Theodore Dreiser's novel An American Tragedy – Moran made his film debut in 1928 when he did two silent films, The Chinatown Mystery and Ships of the Night, but his film career didn't start in earnest until 1933, when he appeared as himself in The Prizefighter and the Lady, in Mae West's She Done Him Wrong, in which he played a convict; this was typical of the kinds of roles Moran was to play for the next 25 years – gangsters, henchmen, "plug uglies", stage hands, guards, bouncers, moving men and other soldiers – roles which belied his personal gentleness and sensitivity. In the 1940s, Moran was part of Preston Sturges' unofficial "stock company" of character actors, appearing in every American film written and directed by Sturges with one exception.

He was seen in The Great McGinty, Christmas in July, The Lady Eve, Sullivan's Travels, The Palm Beach Story, The Miracle of Morgan's Creek, Hail the Conquering Hero, The Great Moment, The Sin of Harold Diddlebock and Unfaithfully Yours. It was Moran who, as a cop in Sturges' Christmas in July, halted a tirade by an argumentative Jewish storeowner by barking, "Who do ya think you are, Hitler?" And it was Moran who, as a tough chauffeur in Sullivan's Travels, patiently explains to his traveling companions the meaning of the word "paraphrase." Moran was credited for his performances, but never received star or featured billing. One exception was Monogram Pictures's Return of the Ape Man, starring Bela Lugosi and John Carradine, in which Moran shared credit for the title role with George Zucco, although, in fact, Zucco became ill and Moran replaced him – Zucco does not appear in the film as released. At the beginning of his acting career, Moran was part of the featured cast in Raoul Walsh's Sailor's Luck.

Other notable films in which Moran appeared include Charlie Chaplin's Modern Times 1936, Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers's Follow the Fleet, Shall We Dance, Carefree, Frank Capra's Meet John Doe, 1943's Lady of Burlesque starring Barbara Stanwyck and Road to Utopia with Bob Hope and Bing Crosby. Moran's final film appearance was an uncredited bit part in The Iron Sheriff, a Western, in 1957 at the age of 70, he was 80 when he died in California on 14 December 1967 of a heart attack. Frank Moran was inducted into the Pennsylvania Boxing Hall of Fame in 2012. Frank Moran at Cyber Boxing Zone Frank Moran on IMDb Frank Moran at AllMovie Frank Moran at the TCM Movie Database Frank Moran at Find a Grave

Onawa, Iowa

Onawa is a city in Monona County, United States, where it is the county seat. The population was 2,998 at the 2010 Census, it is the largest town on the Iowa side of the Missouri River between Sioux City. Onawa was named for a character mentioned in the poem The Song of Hiawatha by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. Onawa was platted in 1857, the railway arrived to the city in 1867; the city is known for having the widest main street in the continental United States. Onawa was the site of a prisoner-of-war camp for captured German soldiers between 1944 and 1946. Historical documents indicate. A larger camp existed near the central Iowa town of Algona, housed as many as 5,400 German POWs. Onawa's longitude and latitude coordinates in decimal form are 42.027490, -96.096513. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.19 square miles, all of it land. Onawa is located in the Loess Hills region of western Iowa, a unique geological and environmental area. Nearby are such natural areas as Lewis & Clark State Park, Preparation Canyon State Park, the Loess Hills State Forest.

As of the 2010 Census, there were 2,998 people, 1,345 households, 756 families living in the city. The population density was 577.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 1,519 housing units at an average density of 292.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 95.4% non-Hispanic White, 0.4% non-Hispanic Black or African American, 1.7% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% from other races, 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 1.2% of the population. There were 1,345 households, of which 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.6% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.9% had a male householder with no wife present, 43.8% were non-families. Thirty-eight point nine percent of all households were made up of individuals, 20.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.91. The median age in the city was 44.8 years.

Twenty-three point two of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 52.5 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 3,091 people, 1,329 households, 796 families living in the city; the population density was 629.1 people per square mile. There were 1,452 housing units at an average density of 295.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97.86% White, 0.03% African American, 1.16% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.03% from other races, 0.68% from two or more races. 1.07 % of the population are Latino of any race. There were 1,329 households out of which 25.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.3% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 40.1% were non-families. 35.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.89. Population spread: 22.8% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, 25.4% who were 65 years of age or older.

The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $34,796, the median income for a family was $41,250. Males had a median income of $27,981 versus $20,292 for females; the per capita income for the city was $17,928. About 3.3% of families and 6.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.9% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over. West Monona Community School District operates public schools serving the community; the Eskimo Pie was created in Onawa in 1920 by an ice cream shop owner. E. Wight Bakke, educator.