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Demographics of Montserrat

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Montserrat, including population density, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. According to the 2001 census only 4,491 people were resident of Monsterrat; the total local-born population was 69% while those born abroad were 31%. The estimated mid-year population of 2014 is 5,100.note: Approximately two thirds of the population left the island following the resumption of volcanic activity in July 1995. According to the 2001 UK Census 7,983 Montserratian-born people were residing in the UK. Structure of the population: The vast majority of the population of Montserrat are of African descent or mixed. There is a European origin minority, East Indians groups. Out of 403 Amerindians at the 1980 census only 3 persons were left in 2001. Montserrat Montserratian British

Roddy Frame

Roddy Frame is a Scottish singer-songwriter and musician. He was the founder of the 1980s new wave band Aztec Camera, has undertaken a solo career since the dissolution of the band. In November 2013, journalist Brian Donaldson described Frame as: "Aztec Camera wunderkind-turned-elder statesman of intelligent, wistful Scotpop."Since the end of the Aztec Camera project, Frame has released four solo albums, the last of, the 2014 album Seven Dials. Frame was born in East Kilbride, South Lanarkshire, Scotland UK. Frame explained that East Kilbride was a decent place to grow up in, with grassed areas, was not a "slum". Frame was surrounded by music from a young age, as his older sisters were music fans and listened to a great number of artists, such as The Beatles and The Rolling Stones. Frame explained in 2014 that he started to learn guitar playing at a early age: "Yeah, I started learning guitar when I was about four years old. I was playing the thing when I was around nine or ten... I was just crazy about it by the time I was four or five years old."

During his early years playing guitar, Frame listened to Wilko Johnson and was able to play many of Johnson's songs as a result. As a child and adolescent, Frame was inspired by a variety of musical influences, including David Bowie and the Bunnymen, the Teardrop Explodes, Brian Eno and Love. Following the advent of the punk subculture, Frame states that he was drawn to it, as "it said,'Anyone can do it. You can form a band.'... It was liberating."Frame was attracted to the fashion sense of punk bands like the New York Dolls and The Sex Pistols, but explained his teenage dilemma in his late 30s: "Where am I going to buy clothes like that? It's not going to happen." Frame subsequently referred to the band The Fall and its foremost member Mark E. Smith: The first Fall song I heard was It's the New Thing on John Peel, I had never heard anything like it. Here was a guy singing about the computer centre over the road or eating a packet of crisps and you felt it was coming directly from his life. Smith's look inspired the young Frame's fashion sense, what he calls "the indoor look", but with sensible shoes in case you had to make a quick getaway from the local thugs...

Mark E Smith... would be wearing a tank top from Spencer. From on, I started buying my clothes from the Co-Op. In a 2002 interview, Frame isolated Bowie as a seminal influence, revealing that he would play the song "Space Oddity" to his mother repeatedly: "it has that semi-tone shift which fascinated me... and it made me feel this yearning. It's a kind of sweetness, it can turn up in the strangest places." During the same interview, conducted in Notting Hill, London, UK, Frame relayed an occurrence from his youth related to Bowie: In 1976, when I was 11, my sister came home and said:'Look at this. Someone gave me two tickets for David Bowie's concert last night and I couldn't go.' She showed them to me, I had a breakdown. I told her it was the cruellest thing that anyone had done to me; the strange thing about Bowie is that he's come out of the other end of the whole pop thing and he seems all right. I heard him being interviewed by Jonathan Ross the other day and he seemed so nice, the most impressive thing of all.

Frame's first band was called Neutral Blue. At the age of 16, Frame joined the Postcard Records roster—alongside Orange Juice and Josef K—and his next band, Aztec Camera, began to record a series of low-budget singles, such as "Just Like Gold" and "Mattress of Wire"; the music of Aztec Camera drew attention from both John Peel, a presenter on BBC Radio 1, the New Musical Express. In 1983 Aztec Camera released High Land, Hard Rain, their first album on Rough Trade Records; the album's opening song "Oblivious" was a hit single and Aztec Camera were recognised as one of the key acts on the Rough Trade label. On tracks such as "Walk Out to Winter" and "Back on Board", Frame sang poetic lyrics about love, both lost and found, themes that he would revisit on subsequent Aztec Camera albums; the album garnered attention for the band in the United States and American magazine Creem published a review following its initial release that proclaimed: ""The world ain't perfect. But High Land, Hard Rain comes close."After High Land, Hard Rain, Frame spent a significant amount of time living in New Orleans, US, listening to Bob Dylan's album Infidels.

Upon reading that Dire Straits' guitarist and singer Mark Knopfler produced the album, Frame began writing songs based on a sound that he thought Knopfler could work with. Frame signed the band to the WEA record label and managed to hire Knopfler to produce Aztec Camera's second album, released in 1984; the duration of the titular song is nearly nine minutes, while "All I Need is Everything" received radio airplay. Aztec Camera's third album, 1987's Love, was recorded in the US with soul, R&B and pop producers such as Michael Jonzun, Tommy LiPuma and Rob Mounsey. By this stage of the band's history, Frame represented its single driving force and he explained in 2014: "... I was young and I wanted to do things like go to America and make a sort of Jimmy Jam & Terry Lewis record"; the album was engineered by Eric Calvi, who had worked with Afrika Bambaataa and Al Jarreau, featured the backing vocals of soul and R&B singers such as Dan Hartman and Tawatha Agee. One of the radio singles from Love, "Somewhere in My Heart", was Aztec Camera's first "top 10" chart hit and Frame explained his inspiration at the time of writing the song in 2014: All I can remember was that when I was recording "Somewhere in My Heart", we were in Boston.

I was walking around with a Walk

Dynamical mean-field theory

Dynamical mean-field theory is a method to determine the electronic structure of correlated materials. In such materials, the approximation of independent electrons, used in density functional theory and usual band structure calculations, breaks down. Dynamical mean-field theory, a non-perturbative treatment of local interactions between electrons, bridges the gap between the nearly free electron gas limit and the atomic limit of condensed-matter physics. DMFT consists in mapping a many-body lattice problem to a many-body local problem, called an impurity model. While the lattice problem is in general intractable, the impurity model is solvable through various schemes; the mapping in itself does not constitute an approximation. The only approximation made in ordinary DMFT schemes is to assume the lattice self-energy to be a momentum-independent quantity; this approximation becomes exact in the limit of lattices with an infinite coordination. One of DMFT's main successes is to describe the phase transition between a metal and a Mott insulator when the strength of electronic correlations is increased.

It has been applied to real materials, in combination with the local density approximation of density functional theory. The DMFT treatment of lattice quantum models is similar to the mean-field theory treatment of classical models such as the Ising model. In the Ising model, the lattice problem is mapped onto an effective single site problem, whose magnetization is to reproduce the lattice magnetization through an effective "mean-field"; this condition is called the self-consistency condition. It stipulates that the single-site observables should reproduce the lattice "local" observables by means of an effective field. While the N-site Ising Hamiltonian is hard to solve analytically, the single-site problem is solved. DMFT maps a lattice problem onto a single-site problem. In DMFT, the local observable is the local Green's function. Thus, the self-consistency condition for DMFT is for the impurity Green's function to reproduce the lattice local Green's function through an effective mean-field which, in DMFT, is the hybridization function Δ of the impurity model.

DMFT owes its name to the fact that the mean-field Δ is dynamical. This points to the major difference between the Ising MFT and DMFT: Ising MFT maps the N-spin problem into a single-site, single-spin problem. DMFT maps the lattice problem onto a single-site problem, but the latter fundamentally remains a N-body problem which captures the temporal fluctuations due to electron-electron correlations; the Hubbard model describes the onsite interaction between electrons of opposite spin by a single parameter, U. The Hubbard Hamiltonian may take the following form: H Hubbard = t ∑ ⟨ i j ⟩ σ c i σ † c j σ + U ∑ i n i ↑ n i ↓ where, on suppressing the spin 1/2 indices σ, c i †, c i denote the creation and annihilation operators of an electron on a localized orbital on site i, n i = c i † c i; the following assumptions have been made: only one orbital contributes to the electronic properties, the orbitals are so localized that only nearest-neighbor hopping t is taken into account The Hubbard model is in general intractable under usual perturbation expansion techniques.

DMFT maps this lattice model onto the so-called Anderson impurity model. This model describes the interaction of one site with a "bath" of electronic levels through a hybridization function; the Anderson model corresponding to our single-site model is a single-orbital Anderson impurity model, whose hamiltonian formulation, on suppressing some spin 1/2 indices σ, is: H AIM = ∑ p ϵ p a p † a p ⏟ H bath + ∑ p σ

Elmhurst, Queens

Elmhurst is a neighborhood in the borough of Queens in New York City. It is bounded by Roosevelt Avenue on the north. Elmhurst is located in Queens Community District 4 and its ZIP Code is 11373, it is patrolled by the New York City Police Department's 110th Precinct. Politically, Elmhurst is represented by the New York City Council's 25th District and small parts of the 21st and 29th Districts; the village was established in 1652 by the Dutch as Middenburgh and was a suburb of New Amsterdam in the colony of New Netherland. The original European settlers of Elmhurst were from the nearby colony of Maspat, following threats and attacks by local Lenape Native Americans; when the British took over New Netherland in 1664, they renamed Middleburgh as New Town to maintain a connection to the Dutch heritage. This was simplified to Newtown. Among the English settlers in the present Elmhurst section of Newtown was Gershom Moore, who lived at what is now the intersection of Broadway, 45th Avenue, Elmhurst Avenue.

A chance seedling on his farm produced the Newtown Pippin, Colonial America's most famous apple. The village of Newtown was established as the town seat for the township in 1683, when Queens County was reorganized as a "one county, five towns" model; the Town of Newtown, which had a town hall, tax office, town clerk's office, was the center of a municipality that comprised the villages that were located north of present-day Forest Park and west of Flushing Meadows. Newtown was the center of a population of free blacks and slaves by the early 19th century. With the program of gradual abolition and the manumission of some slaves by masters following the American Revolution, the free population increased. In 1828, a year after slavery was abolished in the state, landowner James Hunter and his wife deeded two acres to the community for a church and parsonage, they had been using land at Corona Avenue and 90th Street as a burial ground since about 1818. This was associated with the United African Society of Newtown, by 1906 known as St.

Mark’s A. M. E. Church. By 1886 more than 300 burials had been made in the cemetery; the church moved further east and the burial ground was forgotten until remains were discovered of a woman in an iron coffin in 2011 during development. The church is hoping to buy the land for preservation. More concentrated residential development in the area was spurred by the completion of a horsecar line, the Grand Street Line, which reached New Town in 1854; the Long Island Rail Road's Main Line was built through Newtown in 1876, attracting more residents to the neighborhood. Cord Meyer bought land at Broadway and Whitney Avenue in 1896, he proposed that the town be renamed "Elmhurst", meaning "a grove of elms". The renaming was done to disassociate the town from nearby Maspeth and the smelly, polluted Newtown Creek, to celebrate the elm trees that abounded in the area. Elmhurst developed as a fashionable district due to a housing development built by the Cord Meyer Development Company between 1896 and 1910, north of the Port Washington Branch railroad station.

They expanded their holdings between 1905 and 1930, including Elmhurst Square, Elmhurst South, Elmhurst Heights, New Elmhurst. Elmhurst was the site of the Grand Street LIRR station just west of the current Grand Avenue – Newtown subway station; the Grand Street LIRR station was served by the former Rockaway Beach Branch. In 1936, the Independent Subway System's Queens Boulevard line was built through the neighborhood, spurring economic development but destroying many old buildings. Prior to World War II, Elmhurst had become an exclusively Jewish and Italian neighborhood, made up of early 20th century immigrants and their descendants. Following the war, Elmhurst evolved into what has been considered one of the most ethnically diverse neighborhoods in New York City, as immigrants arrived from new areas. By the 1980s, there were persons from 112 nations in residence in the neighborhood, which has continued to diversify since then. Among the most numerous ethnic groups that have settled in the area are Latinos and Chinese Americans.

For many years, the Elmhurst gas tanks, a pair of large natural gas storage structures built in 1910 and 1921 on 57th Avenue between 74th and 80th Streets, were well-known landmarks, standing 200 feet high. Because the Long Island Expressway became congested in that area, "backup at the Elmhurst Gas Tanks" became a familiar phrase in radio traffic reporting; the gas storage facilities were removed in 2001. The site was redeveloped and opened as the Elmhurst Park in 2011. Based on data from the 2010 United States Census, the population of Elmhurst was 88,427, an increase of 455 from the 87,972 counted in 2000. Covering an area of 750.28 acres, the neighborhood had a population density of 117.9 inhabitants per acre. The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 6.6% White, 1.3% African American, 0.2% Native American, 43.8% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.4% from other races, 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 46.1% of the population. Elmhurst's Latino population is 20.4% South American, 11.6% Mexican, 3.1% Dominican, 1

Annie Antón

Annie Antón is Chair of Georgia Tech's School of Interactive Computing within its College of Computing. From 1998 to 2012, Antón served as a professor of software engineering at North Carolina State University, she is the founder and director of, a research center devoted to issues of privacy protection in information systems. She is known for her research, for her service in several significant advisory positions in industry and government. Annie I. Antón is a Cuban American, she attended St. Pius X high school in Atlanta, where she was named a distinguished alumna in 2007, she overcame both dyslexia and attention deficit disorder and continued on to college receiving her B. S. M. S. and Ph. D. degrees in computer science from the College of Computing at the Georgia Institute of Technology, finishing in 1997. She was active in several student organizations, including as a student member of the Georgia Tech National Advisory Board and was an honorary member of the ANAK Society.

After a year on the faculty of the University of South Florida, Professor Antón joined the faculty at North Carolina State University in 1998. There, her research and teaching interests were in software engineering, information security and public policy. In 2012, Professor Antón left NCSU to become Chair of Georgia Tech's School of Interactive Computing. Professor Antón is the founder and director of, a research group of students and faculty at NCSU, Georgia Tech, Purdue University. She is leading this group in the development of technology to assist practitioners and policy makers in meeting the challenge of eliciting and expressing policies; these tools help ensure that privacy policies are aligned with the software systems that they govern. 2003–2005 Microsoft Research University Relations Advisory Board 2003–present ACM U. S. Public Policy Committee2005–2012 Member of executive committee 2008 Co-Vice Chair of executive committee 2011–2012 Vice Chair of executive committee 2004–2005 IDA/DARPA Defense Science Study Group 2005–2009 NSF CISE Advisory Council 2005–2007 CRA Committee on the Status of Women in Computing Research 2006–2012 Board of Directors of the Computing Research Association 2006-2012 U.

S. Department of Homeland Security Data Privacy and Integrity Advisory Committee 2006–present Intel Corporation Special Topics External Review Board 2007–2010 Georgia Tech Alumni Association Board of Trustees 2008–present Future of Privacy Forum Advisory Board 2012–present National Academy of Sciences Future Research Goals and Directions for Foundational Science in Cybersecurity 2014–present CRA-CCC Privacy by Design Workshop Organizing Committee 2016–present NIST Information Security and Privacy Advisory Board 2016–present President's Commission on Enhancing National Cybersecurity 2000 NSF CAREER Award 2002 Computing Research Association Digital Government Fellow 2003 NCSU College of Engineering Pride of the Wolfpack Award 2005 CSO Magazine's Woman of Influence in the Public Sector Award 2009 ACM Distinguished Scientist 2015 Alpha Delta Pi National Outstanding Alumnae Achievement Award for Contribution to Profession Antón's Georgia Tech faculty profile Annie Antón's homepage at NCSU ThePrivacyPlace

Mallory and Irvine Research Expedition

The goal of the Mallory and Irvine Research Expedition of 1999 was to discover evidence of whether George Mallory and Andrew Irvine had been the first to summit Mount Everest in their attempt of 8–9 June 1924. The expedition was organised by regular Everest expedition leader Eric Simonson and advised by researcher Jochen Hemmleb, with a team of climbers from the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany. Hemmleb's investigations of sketchy reports of earlier sightings and photographs had led him to identify what he believed was the area in which Irvine's body lay, some distance below where his ice axe had been found by Percy Wyn-Harris on the expedition led by Hugh Ruttledge in 1933; the team hoped in particular to find a camera on Irvine's body which, had the pair been successful, should have contained a picture of the summit. After commencing the search on 1 May 1999, Conrad Anker mistakenly got off course and found Mallory's body, not Irvine's. Mallory lay face-down, arms outstretched as if to break a sliding fall, with one broken leg and a serious wound to the skull, but otherwise well-preserved.

It seemed probable. The body was only an hour or two from the safety of their camp. Many artefacts were found on the body, including a pocket knife and snow-goggles, but no camera. Three discoveries in particular fuel continuing speculation: First, a pair of goggles were in Mallory's pocket, suggesting he was descending at night when he fell. Second, on an envelope he had noted the amounts of oxygen in each of their cylinders, figures which suggest a slight possibility that the pair may have taken three cylinders on their final climb, rather than two as believed, it was the absence of an item, most intriguing. The expedition interred Mallory. During a second expedition in 2001, the team abandoned their search for Irvine to rescue several other climbing parties stranded on the mountain and in deep distress; the victims included two Chinese glaciologists, three Russian climbers, an American guide, his Guatemalan client. Several of the climbers were suffering from high altitude cerebral oedema, a condition where the victim can hallucinate, lose balance and become unable to walk, due to lack of oxygen in the brain.

This condition has led to many injuries in mountaineering. In early 2004, Jake Norton and Dave Hahn returned to Everest with a film team and support from Sherpas Danuru and Tashi to look once more for evidence of Irvine and answers to what happened to Mallory and Irvine in 1924. While the team was able to scour the Yellow Band, the combination of a small team and uncooperative weather eliminated most chances of a major discovery. During that same season, search parties were on the mountain from the website EverestNews, as well as an expedition led by Russell Brice, which included Graham Hoyland. In 2007, the Altitude Everest Expedition led by Conrad Anker, who had found Mallory's body, tried to retrace Mallory's last steps. List of Mount Everest expeditions 1999 Mallory & Irvine Research Expedition website by MountainZone 1999 Mallory & Irvine Research Expedition website by PBS/NOVA 1999 Mallory & Irvine Research Expedition website by AFFIMER Mallory and Irvine Research expedition 2001 Mallory and Irvine Research expedition 2004 Mallory's body shortly after its discovery on May 1, 1999 Mallery and Irvine team member Jochen Hemmleb Interview Mallery and Irvine team member Jake Norton Interview