click links in text for more info

Demographics of Mozambique

The demographics of Mozambique describes the condition and overview of Mozambique's peoples. Demographic topics include basic education and population statistics as well as identified racial and religious affiliations. According to the 2019 revision of the World Population Prospects the total population was 29,496,004 in 2018, compared to only 6 442 000 in 1950; the proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2010 was 44.1%, 52.6% was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 3.3% was 65 years or older. A population census took place in 2017, the preliminary results indicate a population of 28 861 863 inhabitants. Registration of vital events is in Mozambique not complete; the Population Department of the United Nations prepared the following estimates. According to a 2011 survey, the total fertility rate was 5.9 children per woman, with 6.6 in rural areas and 4.5 in urban areas. Total Fertility Rate and Crude Birth Rate: Fertility data by province: Mozambique's major ethnic groups encompass numerous subgroups with diverse languages, dialects and histories.

Many are linked to similar ethnic groups living in inland countries. The estimated 4 million Makua are the largest ethnic group of the country and are dominant in the northern part of the country — the Sena and Shona are prominent in the Zambezi valley, the Shangaan dominate in southern Mozambique. Other groups include Makonde, Swahili, Tonga and Nguni; the country is home to a growing number of white residents, most with Portuguese ancestry. During colonial rule, European residents hailed from every Mozambican province, at the time of independence the total population was estimated at around 360,000. Most vacated the region after independence in 1975. There is a larger mestiço minority with mixed African and Portuguese heritage; the remaining non-Blacks in Mozambique are Indian Asiatics, who have arrived from Pakistan, Portuguese India, numerous Arab countries. There are various estimates for the size of Mozambique's Chinese community, ranging from 1,500 to 12,000 as of 2007. Portuguese is the official and most spoken language of the nation, but in 2007 only 50.4% of Mozambique's population speak Portuguese as either their first or second language, only 10.7% speak Portuguese as their first language.

Arabs and Indians speak their own languages aside from Portuguese as their second language. Most educated Mozambicans speak English, used in schools and business as second or third language. Despite the influence of Islamic coastal traders and European colonizers, the people of Mozambique have retained an indigenous culture based on smallscale agriculture. Mozambique's most developed art forms have been wood sculpture, for which the Makonde in northern Mozambique are renowned, dance; the middle and upper classes continue to be influenced by the Portuguese colonial and linguistic heritage. Under Portugal, educational opportunities for poor Mozambicans were limited. In fact, most of today's political leaders were educated in missionary schools. After independence, the government placed a high priority on expanding education, which reduced the illiteracy rate to about two-thirds as primary school enrollment increased. In recent years school construction and teacher training enrollments have not kept up with population increases.

With post-war enrollments reaching all-time highs, the quality of education has suffered. As a member of Commonwealth of Nations, most urban Mozambicans are required to learn English starting high-school. Demographic statistics according to the World Population Review in 2019. One birth every 27 seconds One death every 2 minutes One net migrant every 103 minutes Net gain of one person every 36 secondsThe following demographic are from the CIA World Factbook unless otherwise indicated. 27,233,789 0-14 years: 44.52% 15-24 years: 21.6% 25-54 years: 27.62% 55-64 years: 3.37% 65 years and over: 2.88% 37.8 births/1,000 population Country comparison to the world: 11st 11.4 deaths/1,000 population 5.02 children born/woman Country comparison to the world: 12th total: 17.3 years. Country comparison to the world: 220th male: 16.7 years female: 17.8 years 2.46% Country comparison to the world: 25th 18.9 years median age at first birth among women 25-29 27.1% -1.9 migrant/1,000 population Country comparison to the world: 160th urban population: 36% of total population rate of urbanization: 4.35% annual rate of change -1.9 migrants/1,000 population total dependency ratio: 93.5 youth dependency ratio: 87.5 elderly dependency ratio: 6.1 potential support ratio: 16.5 at birth: 1.03 male/female, 1.02 male/female under 15 years: 0.98 male/female, 1.01 male/female 15-64 years: 0.95 male/female, 0.949 male/female 65 years and over: 0.7 male/female, 0.717 male/female total population: 0.96 male/female, 0.968 male/female total population: 54.1 years male: 53.3 years female: 54.9 years HIV/AIDS — people living with HIV/AIDS: 2.1 million HIV/AIDS — deaths: 70,000 (2017 e

SS John L. McCarley

SS John L. McCarley was a Liberty ship built in the United States during World War II, she was named after John L. McCarley. John L. McCarley was laid down on 10 January 1945, under a Maritime Commission contract, MC hull 2342, by J. A. Jones Construction, Panama City, Florida. B. Twing, general delivery, she was launched on 14 February 1945, she was allocated to Alcoa Steamship Co. Inc. on 27 February 1945. After a number of contracts, on 19 August 1949, she was laid up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet, Alabama, she was sold for scrapping, 1 May 1972, to Pinto Island Metals Co. for $36,850. She was withdrawn from the fleet, 13 July 1972

Bible Christian Church

The Bible Christian Church was a Methodist denomination founded by William O’Bryan, a Wesleyan Methodist local preacher, on 18 October 1815 in North Cornwall. The first society, consisting of just 22 members, met at Lake Farm in Devon. Members of the Church were sometimes known after their founder. Concentrated in Cornwall and Devon, the church sent missionaries all over England. By 1820, missions had been established in Kent, they were strong in the Isle of Wight amongst farm labourers due to the inspirational teachings of Mary Toms of Tintagel, Cornwall. The vicar of Brighstone, Samuel Wilberforce, urged that their influence be countered by having their adherents sacked from their jobs and turned out from their cottages, resulting in their sometimes meeting in a chalk pit. There are several chapels in rural areas of the Island which have the title "Bible Christian Chapel" over the doorway. By 1831, ministers were being sent to Prince Edward Island and Ontario, a mission was established in Canada in 1845.

Many of the emigrants from Devon and Cornwall to Canada and the United States in the 1830s were'Bible Christians', further encouraging the spread of the church in those countries. Australia was a favourite destination for missionaries by 1850. Other missionaries worked in New Zealand by 1878, in China by 1885. Members of the Bible Christian Church were sometimes known after their founder; the church made extensive use of female preachers like Ann Freeman, O'Bryan's wife Catherine. While being only a small denomination, the Bible Christians grew faster than the British population throughout their existence; the Bible Christians recognised the ministry of women, calling "Female Special Agents". A number of women appear on the stations – the places ministers were appointed to by the Bible Christian Conference. There were fewer than five of these women ministers in 1907, when the separate existence of the Bible Christians came to an end. In 1907, the Bible Christian Church in England was amalgamated with the United Methodist Free Churches and the Methodist New Connexion, to form the United Methodist Church.

In Canada, the Bible Christian Church had been amalgamated, in 1884, into the Methodist Church of Canada, which became part of the United Church of Canada. In Australia, it merged into the Methodist Church of Australasia on 1 January 1902. Sam Pollard — Bible Christian missionary to China Paul Robins — Bible Christian missionary to Canada John Hicks Eynon — Bible Christian missionary to Canada Billy Bray James Way – Bible Christian missionary to Australia Serena Lake – Bible Christian missionary to Australia Bible Christian Mission Penrose Methodist Chapel See Lloyd Women and the shaping of British Methodism Mary Toms Bible Christian Magazine 1878

Richard Devereux

Richard Jaynes Devereux is a former English cricketer who played first-class and List A cricket for Worcestershire in 1963. Devereux had played for the Worcestershire Second XI since 1959, but his first-class debut had to wait until May 1963, when he was selected to face Middlesex at Lord's, he top-scored with 22 not out from number eight in Worcestershire's painful first-innings progress to 79 all out in 55.4 overs took 0/49 with the ball. He stayed in the side until the middle of June, playing along the way in his only List A game, a Gillette Cup quarter-final in which he made an important 30 from number nine, making his only first-class half-century, 55* against Cambridge University, but a paucity of wickets forced him back to the seconds. There, he still found it hard at first to take wickets. However, in July Devereux took ten wickets in the match against Kent II, seven more wickets in the next match, against Essex II, propelled him back into the first team before the month was out. Not for long, however: once more he struggled to take wickets, after he had taken none at all in three successive games against Essex and Warwickshire he was back in the Second XI.

This time there would be no return, Devereux never again played senior cricket. Richard Devereux at CricketArchive Richard Devereux at ESPNcricinfo

Swordquest (board game)

Swordquest is a 1979 board game published by Task Force Games. Swordquest is a two- or three-player game in which good and druidic forces search the towns of the land of Tirrane, hoping to find a lost artifact; the designer, R. Vance Buck, wrote in the design notes that he drew upon J. R. R. Tolkien's Lord of the Rings for inspiration: the gameworld is peopled with dwarves, elves, a large dragon, winged creatures named Wrogs that resemble Tolkien's balrogs. Reviewer Tony Watson noted that the gameplay is very similar to LotR: a good team led by a white wizard and an evil team led by a sorcerer search for a lost artifact -- in this case, the Sword of Lumina; as in LotR, the good team wants to destroy the artifact in fires found near the evil citadel, while the evil team wants to possess and use the artifact. An optional rule allows a third player to control a team of druids, who seek to possess the sword in order to restore balance between good and evil; the combat resolution system uses a ritualized form of engagement of up to five opponents per side.

There are some magical spells in the game, found on scrolls in the cities of the land. Players search the lands for the sword. There are three sword counters; the player who can get the genuine sword back to his citadel wins the game. Reviewers were unimpressed by Swordquest. In the May-June 1980 edition of The Space Gamer, Bruce Campbell could not recommend the game: "Swordquest has enough good points that I don't feel my money was wasted. However, better games are available for less money, so I don't recommend it for any category of gamer." In the July 1981 edition, David Ladyman was unenthused with an updated version of the game, finding many problems with the rules. "Swordquest, in many ways, is a nice game, at a reasonable price. It is not too complex for the new gamer, at which it is aimed. I wish. If you don't mind composing rules as you play, you might check it out."In the August 1980 edition of Dragon, Tony Watson complained that the game setup and abilities of both sides had been so scrupulously balanced that "Both sides are too much the same.

Adam the White is no different from Shaymar. Each side uses the same spells. A similar situation exists with the game’s monsters... the only differences between them are their beginning combat levels and the number of wounds they can take. Watson noted that due to the movement rules and the fact that all hidden counters are in towns, "action concentrates around the towns and roads, ignoring the map’s considerable wilderness area."

Nuclear Threat Initiative

The Nuclear Threat Initiative is a nonpartisan, nonprofit organization founded in 2001 by former U. S. Senator Sam Nunn and philanthropist Ted Turner in the United States, which works to prevent catastrophic attacks and accidents with weapons of mass destruction and disruption – nuclear, radiological and cybersecurity. NTI has been engaged in developing and implementing nuclear security projects. In addition to building global awareness, NTI engages in model programs to inspire private and governmental efforts toward nuclear and chemical threat reduction; the Nuclear Threat Initiative serves as the Secretariat for the "Nuclear Security Project", in cooperation with the Hoover Institution. Former Secretary of State George P. Shultz, former Secretary of Defense William J. Perry, former Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger and former Senator Sam Nunn guide the project—an effort to galvanize global action to reduce urgent nuclear dangers and build support for reducing reliance on nuclear weapons ending them as a threat to the world.

In 2002, NTI provided the additional $5 million of private money needed to safely move 48 kg of enriched uranium from the defunct Vinča nuclear reactor near Belgrade to a facility in the Russian Federation to be blended down for use as a conventional nuclear fuel. In 2008, NTI helped create the World Institute for Nuclear Security, in Vienna, as part of its focus to secure nuclear materials worldwide. UN Security Council Resolution 1887 supported the WINS mission, calling for states to “share best practices with a view to improved safety standards and nuclear security practices and raise standards of nuclear security to reduce the risk of nuclear terrorism.” Today, the organization has more than 3,800 members from 118 countries. The Economist wrote, “WINS is a place where, for the first time, those with the practical responsibility for looking after nuclear materials—governments, power plant operators, universities—can meet to swap ideas and develop best practices.”In early 2018, NTI received a $6 million grant from the Open Philanthropy Project.

The grant will be used to "help strengthen its efforts to mitigate global biological threats that have increased as the world has become more interconnected." In January 2018 NTI announced that it had received $250,000 in support from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. That money will help advance NTI's efforts in developing a "Global Health Security Index"; the index would analyze policies. The organization produced the 2005 film, Last Best Chance, which aired on HBO, the 2010 documentary film Nuclear Tipping Point: which President Obama screened at the White House in April 2010. NTI catalyzed the development of an international low-enriched uranium bank to back up the marketplace and prevent the proliferation of nuclear technology by ensuring that countries will have access to the fuel needed for peaceful purposes. NTI advisor Warren Buffett provided $50 million to jump-start the reserve, which will be owned and managed by the International Atomic Energy Agency and located in Kazakhstan.

NTI produces a biennial "Nuclear Security Index" in partnership with the Economist Intelligence Unit. The "NTI Index" benchmarks nuclear security conditions across 176 countries and holds governments accountable for properly securing dangerous nuclear materials. According to NTI, The NTI Index, now in its 3rd edition, is the premiere resource for political leaders, government officials, experts and the news media worldwide on nuclear materials security. NTI has developed and released recommendations on securing and eliminating radiological sources used and stored at thousands of sites across more than 100 countries; these sources can be used by terrorists to build radiological “dirty bombs” that would incite mass panic, deny access, require extensive and expensive decontamination and have serious economic consequences. Many of these sources, which are used in industry and health-care settings, have minimal or no physical protection—and technological advances have made it possible to replace many of these sources with safer, effective alternatives.

NTI has received international recognition for work to improve biosecurity through creating disease surveillance networks. Whether a biological threat is natural or intentional, disease surveillance is a key step in rapid detection and response; because the response of a health system in one country could have a direct and immediate impact on a neighboring country, or continent, NTI developed projects that foster cooperation among public health officials across political and geographic boundaries. In 2003, NTI created the Middle East Consortium for Infectious Disease Surveillance with participation from Israel and the Palestinian Authority. Despite tensions in the region, MECIDS continues to share official health data and conduct infectious disease prevention training. NTI created and nurtured Connecting Organizations for Disease Surveillance, which in 2013 launched as independent NGO that links international disease surveillance networks, supported by the World Health Organization, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Ernest J. Moniz has served as chief executive officer since June, 2017, Joan Rohlfing serves as president. Co-chaired by Moniz and Ted Turner, NTI is governed by an expert and influential Board of Directors with both current and emeritus members from the United States, India, China, Sweden and the United Kingdom, they include: Ambassador Hamad Alkaabi, Permanent Representative of the UAE to the IAEA and UAE Special Representative for Int