Demographics of Ottawa

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Map of Ottawa showing the francophone concentrations

In 2011, the population of the city of Ottawa was 883,391, an 8.8% increase from 2006.[1] The population of the census metropolitan area was 1,215,735.[2]

Population history[edit]

Current boundaries
YearPop.±%
1901101,102—    
1911123,417+22.1%
1921152,868+23.9%
1931174,056+13.9%
1941206,367+18.6%
1951246,298+19.3%
1956287,244+16.6%
1961358,410+24.8%
1966413,695+15.4%
1971471,931+14.1%
1976520,533+10.3%
1981546,849+5.1%
1986606,639+10.9%
1991678,147+11.8%
1996721,136+6.3%
2001[N 1]774,072+7.3%
2006812,129+4.9%
2011883,391+8.8%
2016934,243+5.8%
Sources:[3][4][5][6][7][8][9]
Former boundaries
YearPop.±%
187121,545—    
188127,412+27.2%
189144,154+61.1%
190159,928+35.7%
191187,062+45.3%
1921107,843+23.9%
1931126,872+17.6%
1941154,951+22.1%
1951202,045+30.4%
1956222,129+9.9%
1961268,206+20.7%
1966290,741+8.4%
1971302,341+4.0%
1976304,462+0.7%
1981295,163−3.1%
1986300,763+1.9%
1991313,987+4.4%
1996323,340+3.0%
2001[N 1]337,031+4.2%
2006[18]329,180−2.3%
2011[18]337,761+2.6%
2016[18]341,998+1.3%
Sources:[11][12][13][14][15][16][17]
Census metropolitan area
YearPop.±%
1991941,814—    
19961,010,498+7.3%
20011,067,800+5.7%
20061,133,633+6.2%
20111,236,324+9.1%
20161,323,783+7.1%
Sources:[19][20]

Age and sex[edit]

In 2001, females made up 51.2% of the amalgamated Ottawa population, while the median age of the population was 36.7 years of age.[21] Youths under 15 years of age comprised 18.9% of the total population, while those of retirement age (65 years and older) comprised 11.4%.[21]

Migration and immigration[edit]

Between 1987 and 2002, 131,816 individuals relocated to the city, which represents 75% of the population growth for that period.[22] Foreign immigration plays a significant role in Ottawa's population growth.[23] Foreign born residents make up 23.4 percent of Ottawa's population, in which many come from the United Kingdom, China, India, the United States, Lebanon, Pakistan, Somalia, Iran, the Philippines, Vietnam, Democratic Republic of the Congo,and Haiti.

Languages[edit]

The Algonquian languages have been spoken for centuries by the Indigenous peoples and subsequently by the coureurs des bois and voyageurs of the Ottawa valley during the 1600s and 1700s.[24] Starting in the mid-1800s, Irish settlers of the Ottawa valley develop a distinct dialect referred to as "Ottawa Valley Twang".[25] Traces of "Valley Twang" although rare, can still be heard in the valley's more isolated areas.[26]

The city offers municipal services in both of Canada's official languages (Canadian English and Canadian French).[27] Nearly 300,000 people, or 37% of Ottawa's population, can speak both languages,[8] As such it is the largest city in Canada where municipal services are offered in both English and French.[28] However, the city is not officially bilingual in law. Those who identify their mother tongue as English constitute 62.4 percent, while those with French as their mother tongue make up 14.2 percent of the population. In terms of respondents' knowledge of one or both official languages, 59.9 percent and 1.5 percent of the population have knowledge of English only and French only, respectively; while 37.2 percent have knowledge of both official languages. An additional 20.4 percent list languages other than English and French as their mother tongue. These include Arabic (3.2%), Chinese (3.0%), Spanish (1.2%), Italian (1.1%), and many others.[1]

Ethnicities, visible minorities and Aboriginals[edit]

Members of visible minority groups (non-white/European) constitute 23.7 percent, while those of Aboriginal origin make up 2.1% of the total population. The largest visible minority groups are: Black Canadians: 5.7%, Chinese Canadians: 4.0%, South Asians: 3.9%, and Arabs: 3.7%. Smaller groups include Southeast Asians, Filipinos, Latin Americans, and West Asians.[1]

Visible minority and Aboriginal population[29][30][31]
Population group Population (2011) % of total population (2011) Population (2006) % of total population (2006)
European 643,755 74.2% 627,300 78.3%
Black 49,650 5.7% 39,070 4.9%
Chinese 34,855 4% 30,760 3.8%
Visible minority group South Asian 33,805 3.9% 26,510 3.3%
Arab 32,340 3.7% 24,105 3%
Southeast Asian 13,650 1.6% 10,395 1.3%
Filipino 10,530 1.2% 7,115 0.9%
Latin American 10,255 1.2% 8,075 1%
West Asian 7,590 0.9% 6,055 0.8%
Korean 2,250 0.3% 2,115 0.3%
Japanese 2,005 0.2% 1,685 0.2%
Visible minority, n.i.e. 2,130 0.2% 1,620 0.2%
Multiple visible minorities 6,100 0.7% 4,215 0.5%
Total visible minority population 205,155 23.7% 161,720 20.2%
Aboriginal group First Nations 10,310 1.2% 6,575 0.8%
Métis 6,405 0.7% 4,495 0.6%
Inuit 705 0.1% 605 0.1%
Aboriginal, n.i.e. 585 0.1% 415 0.1%
Multiple Aboriginal identities 175 0% 165 0%
Total Aboriginal population 18,180 2.1% 12,250 1.5%
Total population 867,090 100% 801,270 100%

Religion[edit]

In the 2011 Canadian census, 65.4 percent of the population belonged to Christian denominations, the most common being Roman Catholicism at 38.4%. Non-Christian religions are also very well established in Ottawa, the largest being Islam: 6.7%, Hinduism: 1.4%, Buddhism: 1.3%, and Judaism: 1.2%. Approximately one percent of people living in Ottawa, or 8740 persons in 2011, comprised the Statistics Canada category "Other Religions", the largest three groups in rank order are Sikhs (3420), Unitarians (1165) and Baha'is (950), followed by Pagan and Wiccan. These five groups together comprise nearly three quarters of the total number of members of Other Religions, those with no religious affiliation represent 21.8%, of which approximately 4.8% are atheist, agnostic and humanist. Others who listed a religion or no religious affiliation may also be part of this group.[32]

Religions in Ottawa-Gatineau
(only religions with more than 1% of the population listed)
Religion %
Christianity 65.4%
    Roman Catholicism 38.4%
    Anglicanism 6.5%
    United Church 6.2%
    Christian Orthodox 2.0%
    Presbyterianism 1.5%
    Baptist 1.2%
    Pentecostal 1.1%
Islam 6.7%
Hinduism 1.4%
Buddhism 1.3%
Judaism 1.2%
Other 0.6%
No religion 22.8%

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b In early 2001, the Province of Ontario dissolved the former City of Ottawa by amalgamating it with eleven other municipalities to form a new City of Ottawa. The 1996 adjusted population of the amalgamated city published in the 2001 census was 721,136,[7] while the population of the dissolved former City of Ottawa in 2001 was 337,031.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "2011 National Household Survey Profile - Census subdivision". 12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 27 May 2018. 
  2. ^ "2011 National Household Survey Profile - Census metropolitan area/Census agglomeration". 12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 27 May 2018. 
  3. ^ [1][dead link]
  4. ^ [2][dead link]
  5. ^ "Population, land area and population density : census division and subdivisions = Population, superficie et densité de la population : divisions et subdivisions de recensement". Archive.org. 27 May 1978. Retrieved 27 May 2018 – via Internet Archive. 
  6. ^ "Search Censuses". Statistics Canada. 2012-07-04. Archived from the original on 2013-01-15. Retrieved 2013-03-18. 
  7. ^ a b "2001 Community Profiles – Ottawa, Ontario (City)". Statistics Canada. 2007-02-01. Retrieved 2011-09-22. 
  8. ^ a b "Community Profiles from the 2006 Census – Ottawa, Ontario (City)". Statistics Canada. 2010-12-06. Retrieved 2011-09-22. 
  9. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2011 censuses — 100% data". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2010-02-10. 
  10. ^ "2001 Community Profiles – Ottawa, Ontario (City / Dissolved)". Statistics Canada. 2007-02-01. Retrieved 2011-04-17. 
  11. ^ "Table 6: Population by census subdivisions, 1871–1951". Ninth Census of Canada, 1951. Volume I: Population, General Charactertics. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1953. pp. 6–39. 
  12. ^ "Table 6: Population by census subdivisions, 1901–1961". 1961 Census of Canada. Series 1.1: Historical, 1901–1961. Volume I: Population. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1963. pp. 6–41. 
  13. ^ "Table 2: Population of Census Subdivisions, 1921–1971". 1971 Census of Canada. Census Subdivisions (Historical). Volume I: Population, Geographic Distributions. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1972. pp. 2–70. 
  14. ^ "Table 3: Population for census divisions and subdivisions, 1971 and 1976". 1976 Census of Canada. Census Divisions and Subdivisions, Ontario. Volume I: Population. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1977. 
  15. ^ "Table 4: Population and Total Occupied Dwellings, for Census Divisions and Subdivisions, 1976 and 1981". 1981 Census of Canada. Provincial series, Ontario. Volume II: Population, Geographic distributions. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1982. 
  16. ^ "E-STAT – Search Censuses". Statistics Canada. 2011-04-06. Retrieved 2011-09-22. [permanent dead link]
  17. ^ "1996 Community Profiles – Ottawa (City), Ontario". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2011-09-22. 
  18. ^ a b c Computed total of all census tracts in former city of Ottawa
  19. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for census metropolitan areas, 2006 and 2011 censuses – 100% data". Statistics Canada. 5 November 2008. Retrieved 22 February 2017. 
  20. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for census metropolitan areas, 1991 and 1996 censuses – 100% data". Statistics Canada. 1997. Retrieved 22 February 2017. 
  21. ^ a b "2001 Community Profiles – Ottawa, Ontario (City)". Statistics Canada. 2007-02-01. Retrieved 2011-04-17. 
  22. ^ "2006 City of Ottawa Health Status Report" (PDF). Ottawa Public Health. 2006. Retrieved 2011-10-07. 
  23. ^ "Population". City of Ottawa. 2001–2011. Retrieved 2011-05-24. 
  24. ^ Peter Bakker (1997). A language of our own: the genesis of Michif, the mixed Cree-French language of the Canadian Métis. Oxford University Press US. p. 41. ISBN 978-0-19-509711-5. Retrieved 1 July 2011. 
  25. ^ Keshen 2001, pp. 227.
  26. ^ Jenny Cheshire (1991). English around the world: sociolinguistic perspectives. Cambridge University Press. p. 134. ISBN 978-0-521-39565-6. Retrieved 1 July 2011. 
  27. ^ "By-law No. 2001-170". City of Ottawa. 2001. Retrieved 2017-07-12. 
  28. ^ Jenny Cheshire (1991). English around the world: sociolinguistic perspectives. Cambridge University Press. p. 134. ISBN 978-0-521-39565-6. Retrieved 4 June 2011. 
  29. ^ "Statistics Canada: 2006 Aboriginal Population Profile". 12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 27 May 2018. 
  30. ^ "Statistics Canada: 2006 Community Profiles". 12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 27 May 2018. 
  31. ^ "2011 National Household Survey Profile - Census subdivision". 12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 27 May 2018. 
  32. ^ [3][dead link]