Demographics of Solomon islands
This article is about the demographic features of the population of Solomon Islands, including population density, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. The Solomon Islanders comprise diverse cultures and customs. Of its, 94.5% are Melanesian, 3% Polynesian, 1.2% Micronesian. In addition, small numbers of Europeans and Chinese are registered. About 120 vernaculars are spoken. Most people reside in small dispersed settlements along the coasts. Sixty percent live in localities with fewer than 200 persons, only 10% reside in urban areas; the capital city of Honiara is situated on the largest island. The other principal towns are Gizo and Kirakira. Most Solomon Islanders are Christian, with the Anglican, Roman Catholic, South Seas Evangelical, Seventh-day Adventist faiths predominating. About 5% of the population maintain traditional beliefs; the chief characteristics of the traditional Melanesian social structure are: The practice of subsistence economy.
Most Solomon Islanders maintain this traditional social structure and find their roots in village life. The following demographic statistics are from The World Factbook. 622,469 0–14 years: 35.68% 15–24 years: 20.01% 25–54 years: 35.73% 55–64 years: 4.45% 65 years and over: 4.13% 2.02% 25.77 births/1,000 population 3.85 deaths/1,000 population -1.75 migrant/1,000 population Urban Population: 22.3% of total population Rate of Urbanization: 4.25% annual rate of change At Birth: 1.05 male/female 0–14 years: 1.06 male/female 15–24 years: 1.06 male/female 25–54 years: 1.04 male/female 55–64 years: 1 male/female 65 years and over: 0.92 male/female Total Population: 1.04 male/female 114 deaths/100,000 live births Total population: 75.12 years Male: 72.49 years Female: 77.88 years 3.28 children born/woman 5.1% of GDP 0.22 physicians/1,000 population 1.3 beds/1,000 population Solomon Islanders Solomon Islander Melanesian 95.3% Polynesian 3.1% Micronesian s1.2%, Other 0.3% Protestant 73.4% Church of Melanesia 31.9% South Sea Evangelical 17.1% Seventh-day Adventist 11.7% United Church 10.1% Christian Fellowship Church 2.5% Roman Catholic 19.6% Other Christian 2.9% Other 4% None 0.03%, Unspecified 0.1% Melanesian Pidgin English 120 indigenous languages Total population: 84.1% Male: 88.9% Female: 79.2%
Demographics of the Federated States of Micronesia
This article is about the demographic features of the population of the Federated States of Micronesia, including population density, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. The Demographics of the Federated States of Micronesia refers to the population characteristics of people who inhabit the Federated States of Micronesia; the indigenous population of the Federated States of Micronesia, predominantly Micronesian, consists of various ethnolinguistic groups. English has become the common language. Population growth is ameliorated somewhat by net emigration; the island of Pingelap is genetically notable for the prevalence of the extreme form of color blindness known as maskun. The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook. Population: 133,144 Age structure: 0-14 years: NA 15-64 years: NA 65 years and over: NA Population growth rate: -0.11% Birth rate: 27.09 births/1,000 population Death rate: 5.95 deaths/1,000 population Net migration rate: 11.65 migrant/1,000 population Infant mortality rate: 33.48 deaths/1,000 live births Life expectancy at birth: total population: 68.63 years male: 66.67 years female: 70.62 years Total fertility rate: 3.83 children born/woman Nationality: noun: Micronesian adjective: Micronesian.
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write total population: 89% male: 91% female: 88%
Demographics of Papua New Guinea
The indigenous population of Papua New Guinea is one of the most heterogeneous in the world. Papua New Guinea has most with only a few hundred people. Divided by language and tradition, some of these communities have engaged in endemic warfare with their neighbors for centuries, it is the second most populous nation in Oceania. The isolation created by the mountainous terrain is so great that some groups, until were unaware of the existence of neighboring groups only a few kilometers away; the diversity, reflected in a folk saying, "For each village, a different culture", is best shown in the local languages. Spoken on the island of New Guinea, about 650 of these Papuan languages have been identified; the remainder of the Papuan languages seem to be unrelated either to each other or to the other major groupings. In addition, many languages belonging to Austronesian language group are used in Papua New Guinea, in total, more than 800 languages are spoken in Papua New Guinea. Native languages are spoken by a few hundred to a few thousand, although Enga language, used in Enga Province, is spoken by some 130,000 people.
Tok Pisin serves as the lingua franca. English is the language of business and government, all schooling from Grade 2 Primary is in English; the overall population density is low. Papua New Guinea's Western Province averages one person per square kilometer; the Simbu Province in the New Guinea highlands averages 20 persons per square kilometer and has areas containing up to 200 people farming a square kilometer of land. The highlands have 40% of the population. A considerable urban drift towards Port Moresby and other major centers has occurred in recent years. Between 1978 and 1988, Port Moresby grew nearly 8% per year, Lae 6%, Mount Hagen 6.5%, Goroka 4%, Madang 3%. The trend toward urbanization accelerated in the 1990s, bringing in its wake squatter settlements and attendant social problems. Two-thirds of the population is Christian. Of these, more than 700,000 are Roman Catholic, more than 500,000 Lutheran, the balance are members of other Protestant denominations. Although the major churches are under indigenous leadership, a large number of missionaries remain in the country.
The non-Christian portion of the indigenous population practices a wide variety of indigenous religions that are an integral part of traditional culture. These religions are types of animism and Veneration of the dead. Foreign residents are just over 1% of the population. More than half are Australian. Since independence, about 900 foreigners have become naturalized citizens; the traditional Papua New Guinea social structure includes the following characteristics: The practice of subsistence economy. Most Papua New Guineans still adhere to this traditional social structure, which has its roots in village life; the following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook 2015 8.7 million 0-14 years: 34.45% 15-24 years: 19.77% 25-54 years: 36.43% 55-64 years: 5.3% 65 years and over: 4.05% 1.78% 24.38 births/1,000 population 6.53 deaths/1,000 population 0 migrant/1,000 population At birth: 1.05 male/female 0-14 years: 1.04 male/female 15-24 years: 1.03 male/female 25-54 years: 1.07 male/female 55-64 years: 1.03 male/female 65 years and over: 1.06 male/female Total Population: 1.05 male/female 215 deaths/100,000 live births Total: 38.55 deaths/1,000 live births Male: 42.12 deaths/1,000 live births Female: 34.81 deaths/1,000 live births 3.10 children born/woman Papua New Guinean Papua New Guinean Melanesians Papuans Negritos Micronesians Polynesians Roman Catholic 27% Protestant 69.4% Evangelical Lutheran 19.5% United Church 11.5%, Seventh-Day Adventist 10% Pentecostal 8.6% Evangelical Alliance 5.2% Anglican 3.2% Baptists 2.5% Other Protestant 8.9%, Baha'i 0.3%, Indigenous beliefs and other 3.3% Tok Pisin English Hiri Motu Total population: 64.2% Male: 65.6% Female: 62.8% Papua New Guinea Port Moresby
Demographics of the Northern Mariana Islands
This article is about the demographic features of the population of the Northern Mariana Islands, including population density, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook 52,344 0–14 years: 25.6% 15–24 years: 14.39% 25–54 years: 44.3% 55–64 years: 10.76% 65 years and over: 4.95% 2.18% 18.32 births/1,000 population 3.71 deaths/1,000 population 7.16 migrant/1,000 population At birth: 1.06 male/female 0–14 years: 1.07 male/female 15–24 years: 1.27 male/female 25–54 years: 0.73 male/female 55–64 years: 1.17 male/female 65 years and over: 0.92 male/female Total population: 0.93 male/female Total: 5.4 deaths/1,000 live births Male: 5.78 deaths/1,000 live births Female: 5 deaths/1,000 live births 1.98 children born/woman noun: NA adjective: NA Asian 50% Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander 34.9%, Other 2.5%, two or more ethnicities or races 12.7% According to the Pew Research Center, 2010: Roman Catholic 64.1% Protestants 16% Buddhists 10.6% Folk religions 5.3% Other Christians 1.2% Other religions 1.1% Unaffiliated 1.0% Eastern Orthodox <1% Hindu <1% Muslim <1% Jews <1% Philippine languages 32.8% Chamorro 24.1% English 17% Other Pacific island languages 10.1% Chinese 6.8% Other Asian languages 7.3% Spanish and other 1.9% CIA World Factbook
Micronesia is a subregion of Oceania, composed of thousands of small islands in the western Pacific Ocean. It has a shared cultural history with two other island regions: Polynesia to the east and Melanesia to the south; the region is part of the Oceania ecozone. There are four main archipelagos along with numerous outlying islands. Micronesia is divided politically among several sovereign countries. One of these is the Federated States of Micronesia, called "Micronesia" for short and is not to be confused with the overall region; the Micronesia region encompasses five sovereign, independent nations—the Federated States of Micronesia, Kiribati, the Marshall Islands and Nauru—as well as three U. S. territories in the northern part: Northern Mariana Islands and Wake Island. Micronesia began to be settled several millennia ago, although there are competing theories about the origin and arrival of the first settlers; the earliest known contact with Europeans occurred in 1521. The coinage of the term "Micronesia" is attributed to Jules Dumont d'Urville's usage in 1832.
Micronesia is a region that includes 2100 islands, with a total land area of 2,700 km2, the largest of, Guam, which covers 582 km2. The total ocean area within the perimeter of the islands is 7,400,000 km2. There are four main island groups in Micronesia: the Caroline Islands the Gilbert Islands the Mariana Islands the Marshall IslandsPlus the island country of Nauru; the Caroline Islands are a scattered archipelago consisting of about 500 small coral islands, north of New Guinea and east of the Philippines. The Carolines consist of two states: the Federated States of Micronesia, consisting of 600 islands on the eastern side of the chain with Kosrae being the most eastern and Palau consisting of 250 islands on the western side; the Gilbert Islands are a chain of sixteen atolls and coral islands, arranged in an approximate north-to-south line. In a geographical sense, the equator serves as the dividing line between the northern Gilbert Islands and the southern Gilbert Islands; the Republic of Kiribati contains all of the Gilberts, as well as the island of Tarawa, the site of the country's capital.
The Mariana Islands are an arc-shaped archipelago made up by the summits of fifteen volcanic mountains. The island chain arises as a result of the western edge of the Pacific Plate moving westward and plunging downward below the Mariana plate, a region, the most volcanically active convergent plate boundary on Earth; the Marianas were politically divided in 1898, when the United States acquired title to Guam under the Treaty of Paris, 1898, which ended the Spanish–American War. Spain sold the remaining northerly islands to Germany in 1899. Germany lost all of her colonies at the end of World War I and the Northern Mariana Islands became a League of Nations Mandate, with Japan as the mandatory. After World War II, the islands were transferred into the United Nations Trust Territory System, with the United States as Trustee. In 1976, the Northern Mariana Islands and the United States entered into a covenant of political union under which commonwealth status was granted the Northern Mariana Islands and its residents received United States citizenship.
The Marshall Islands are located north of Nauru and Kiribati, east of the Federated States of Micronesia and south of the U. S. territory of Wake Island. The islands consist of 29 low-lying atolls and 5 isolated islands, comprising 1,156 individual islands and islets; the atolls and islands form two groups: the Ratak Chain and the Ralik Chain. All the islands in the chain are part of the Republic of the Marshall Islands, a presidential republic in free association with the United States. Having few natural resources, the islands' wealth is based on a service economy, as well as some fishing and agriculture. Of the 29 atolls, 24 of them are inhabited. Bikini Atoll is an atoll in the Marshall Islands. There are 23 islands in the Bikini Atoll; the islands of Bokonijien and Nam were vaporized during nuclear tests that occurred there. The islands are composed of sand; the average elevation is only about 2.1 metres above low tide level. Nauru is an oval-shaped island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, 42 km south of the Equator, listed as the world's smallest republic, covering just 21 km2.
With 11,347 residents, it is the second least-populated country, after Vatican City. The island is surrounded by a coral reef, exposed at low tide and dotted with pinnacles; the presence of the reef has prevented the establishment of a seaport, although channels in the reef allow small boats access to the island. A fertile coastal strip 150 to 300 m wide lies inland from the beach. Wake Island is a coral atoll with a coastline of 19 km just north of the Marshall Islands, it is an unincorporated territory of the United States. Access to the island is restricted and all activities on the island are managed by the United States Air Force; the majority of the islands in the area are part of a coral atoll. Coral atolls begin as coral reefs; when the volcano sinks back down into the sea, the coral continues to grow, keeping the reef at or above water level. One exception is Pohnpei in the Federated States of Micronesia, which still has the central volcano and coral reefs around it
Demographics of Kiribati
This article is about the demographic features of the population of Kiribati, including population density, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook. Noun: I-Kiribati Adjective: I-Kiribati I-Kiribati 89.5%, I-Kiribati/mixed 9.7% Tuvaluan 0.1% Other 0.8% Roman Catholic: 55.8% Presbyterian: 33.5% Latter-day Saints: 4.7% Bahá'í: 2.3% Seventh-day Adventist: 2% Other: 1.5% None: 0.2% Unspecified: 0.05% English I-Kiribati 105,711 0–14 years: 30.77% 15–24 years: 21.28% 25–54 years: 38.23% 55–64 years: 5.66% 65 years and over: 4.05% Average: 23.9 years Male: 23.1 years Female: 24.8 years 1.15% 21.46 births/1,000 population 7.12 deaths/1,000 population -2.87 migrant/1,000 population Urban population: 44.3% of Total population Rate of urbanization: 1.78% annual rate of change At birth: 1.02 0–14 years: 1.03 15–24 years: 0.99 25–54 years: 0.93 55–64 years: 0.83 65 years and over: 0.65 Total population: 0.95 90 deaths/100,000 live births Total: 34.26 deaths/1,000 live births Male: 35.48 deaths/1,000 live births Female: 32.99 deaths/1,000 live births Total population: 65.81 years Male: 63.36 years Female: 68.39 years 2.48 children born/woman 10.1% 0.38 physicians/1,000 population 1.3 beds/1,000 population 40.1% Male: 11 years Female: 12 years This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook website https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html
The concept of a Malay race was proposed by the German physician Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, classified as a brown race. Malay is a loose term used in the late 19th century and early 20th century to describe the Austronesian peoples or to categorize Austronesian speakers into a race. Since Blumenbach, many anthropologists have rejected his theory of five races, citing the enormous complexity of classifying races; the concept of a "Malay race" differs with that of the ethnic Malays centered on Malaya and parts of the Malay Archipelago's islands of Sumatra and Borneo. The earliest records of the word Melayu or Malayu came from a Chinese record that reported a kingdom named Malayu had sent the envoy to the Chinese court for the first time in 645 CE, it was recorded in the book. Another Chinese source mentioned the kingdom of Malayu. Two books were written by a buddhist monk I-tsing or I Ching, in his journey from China to India in 671 wherein he reported: "When the northeastern wind blows, we sail leaving Canton heading south....
After sailing for twenty days, we reach the land of Srivijaya. We stay there for about six months to learn Sabdavidya; the king was kind to us. He helped send us to the land of Malayu. We continued our journey to Kedah.... Sailing northward from Kedah, we reached the island of naked people.... From here we sailed westward for half a month and reached Tamralipti" Another source dated from a period mentioned the name Bhumi Malayu, written in the Padang Roco Inscription dated 1286 CE in Dharmasraya, in 1347 CE, Adityawarman edited his own inscription inscribed in the Amoghapasa statue, declaring himself the ruler of Malayupura; the Majapahit record, Nagarakretagama dated 1365 CE, mentioned the lands of Melayu dominated by Majapahit" From these records the name Malayu seems to be identified with the area around the Batanghari river valley from estuarine to hinterland in present-day Jambi and parts of West Sumatra province. The people inhabiting the Eastern coast of Sumatra and parts of the Malay peninsula identified themselves as Malay with a common language called the Malay language.
After the arrival of Europeans in the 16th century, the Europeans identified the native people living on both coasts of the Malacca strait as Malay people. This term extended to neighboring peoples with similar traits. Malays were once referred to as "Kun-lun people" in various Chinese records. Kunlun referred to a fabled mountain range believed to span parts of Tibet and India, it was used by the Chinese in reference to black, wavy-haired barbarians of mountains and jungles from the remote part of the geographically known world. The Champas and Khmers were called Kunlun people by the Chinese before the term was applied to the Malays or more Austronesians as a whole. In 750, Jianzhen noticed the presence of many "Brahmans and Kunluns in Canton"; the Old Book of Tang reported that "every year, Kunlun merchants came in their ships carrying valuable goods to trade with the Chinese". In his 1775 doctoral dissertation titled De generis humani varietate nativa, Blumenbach outlined four main human races by skin color, namely Caucasian, Native American, Mongolian.
By 1795, Blumenbach added another race called'Malay' which he considered a subcategory of both the Ethiopian and Mongoloid races. The Malay race belonged to those of a "brown color: from olive and a clear mahogany to the darkest clove or chestnut brown". Blumenbach expanded the term "Malay" to include the native inhabitants of the Marianas, the Philippines, the Malukus, Indochina, as well as Pacific Islands like the Tahitians, he considered a Tahitian skull. Blumenbach writes: Malay variety. Tawny-coloured; this last variety includes the islanders of the Pacific Ocean, together with the inhabitants of the Mariannas, the Philippine, the Molucca and the Sunda Islands, of the Malayan peninsula. I wish to call it the Malay, because the majority of the men of this variety those who inhabit the Indian islands close to the Malacca peninsula, as well as the Sandwich, the Society, the Friendly Islanders, the Malambi of Madagascar down to the inhabitants of Easter Island, use the Malay idiom; the view of Malays held by Stamford Raffles had a significant influence on English-speakers, lasting to the present day.
He is the most important voice who promoted the idea of a ‘Malay’ race or nation, not limited to the Malay ethnic group, but embracing the people of a large yet unspecified part of the South East Asian archipelago. Raffles formed a vision of Malays as a language-based'nation', in line with the views of the English Romantic movement at the time, in 1809 sent a literary essay on the topic to the Asiatic Society. After he mounted an expedition to the former Minangkabau seat of royalty in the Pagaruyung, he declared it was ‘the source of that power, the origin of that nation, so extensively scattered over the Eastern Archipelago’. In his writings he moved the Malays from a nation to a race. In Indonesia, the term "Malay" is more associated with ethnic Malay than'Malay race', it is mostl