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Demographics of Saint Lucia

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Saint Lucia, including population density, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. According to the 2018 population census Saint Lucia has a population of 179,667; the estimated population of 2018 is 181,889. The population is evenly divided between urban and rural areas, although the capital, contains more than one-third of the population. Structure of the population: Saint Lucia's population is predominantly African/black or of mixed African-European descent. 2.2% of the population is East Indian and 0.6% white. Saint Lucia has a small Amerindian population. During the past decades the Amerindian increased from 366 at the 1991 census, 803 at the 2001 census to 951 in 2010 (0.6% of the population. The remaining 0.5 % of the population includes people from the Middle East. The official language is English. Saint Lucian Creole French, colloquially referred to as Patois, is spoken by 95% of the population.

This Antillean Creole is used in literature and music, is gaining official acknowledgement. As it developed during the early period of French colonisation, the Creole is derived chiefly from French and West African languages, with some vocabulary from Carib and other sources. Saint Lucia is a member of La Francophonie. According to the 2010 census, 90.2% percent of the population of Saint Lucia is considered Christian, 2.3% has a non-Christian religion and 5.9% has no religion or did not state a religion. Two thirds of Christians are Roman Catholics, a reflection of early French influence on the island, 25.5% are Protestant. The Seventh-day Adventists constitute the largest Protestant group, with 10.4% of the population. Pentecostals are the second largest group; the next largest group are Evangelicals, followed by Baptists. Other Christians include Anglicanism and Jehovah's Witnesses, The number of non-Christians is small; these religious groups include the Rastafarian Movement and Muslims

Lee Correctional Institution

Lee Correctional Institution is a high-security state prison for men located in Bishopville, South Carolina. On April 15th 2018, seven inmates were killed in the Lee Correctional Prison Riot, it was the deadliest U. S. prison riot in the past 25 years. The facility opened in 1993 to replace the decommissioned Central Correctional Institution, the state's primary prison for over 130 years. At the time, Lee cost $46 million dollars to construct, it remains the largest maximum-security prisons for males in the South Carolina state system. It is characterized as being the most dangerous. Prisoners took control over portions of the prison on two separate incidents prior to the 2018 riot, once in April 2012 and again in February 2013; the prison has had a long history of violent incidents. The prisoners at Lee can find work with private sector companies in several different industries, they can work manufacturing apparel, or recycling old mattresses. Thompson, Heather Ann. "How a South Carolina Prison Riot Really Went Down".

New York Times. Attica Prison riot Lee Correctional Prison Riot South Carolina Department of Corrections

Magda Gál

Magda Gál, was a female Hungarian international table tennis player. She was a prolific World Table Tennis Championships medal winner and secured eight silver medals and twelve bronze medals from the 1929 World Table Tennis Championships to the 1936 World Table Tennis Championships. Gál would have won an elusive gold medal but for two reasons, she did however continue to play in the United States. She won two English Open titles. Gál was born into a banking family was the only woman competitor on the table tennis team at the University of Szeged, she married her fellow international player Tibor Házi in 1937 and in 1939 they fled to the United States because of their Jewish origins and they settled in Bethesda, Maryland. She died in 1990 aged 83 and Házi died in 1999. List of table tennis players List of World Table Tennis Championships medalists

Volvopluteus gloiocephalus

Volvopluteus gloiocephalus known as the big sheath mushroom, rose-gilled grisette, or stubble rosegill, is a species of mushroom in the family Pluteaceae. For most of the 20th century it has been known under the names Volvariella gloiocephala or Volvariella speciosa, but recent molecular studies have placed it as the type species of the genus Volvopluteus, newly created in 2011; the cap of this mushroom is about 5–15 cm in diameter, varies from white to grey or grey-brown, is markedly sticky when fresh. The gills start out as white but they soon turn pink; the stipe has a sack-like volva at the base. Microscopical features and DNA sequence data are of great importance for separating V. gloiocephalus from related species. V. gloiocephalus is a saprotrophic fungus that grows on grassy fields and accumulations of organic matter like compost or woodchips piles. It has been reported from all continents except Antarctica; this taxon has a convoluted nomenclatural history. It was described as Agaricus gloiocephalus by Swiss botanist Augustin Pyramus de Candolle in 1815 and sanctioned under this name by Elias Magnus Fries in 1821.

The French mycologist Claude Gillet transferred it in 1878 to the genus Volvaria erected by Paul Kummer just a few years earlier in 1871. The name Volvaria was taken, as it had been coined by De Candolle for a genus of lichens in 1805; the generic name Volvariella, proposed by the Argentinean mycologist Carlos Luis Spegazzini in 1899, would be adopted for this group in 1953 after a proposal to conserve Kummer’s Volvaria against De Candolle’s Volvaria was rejected by the Nomenclature Committee for Fungi established under the principles of the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature. Despite the generic name Volvariella being adopted in 1953 the name Volvariella gloiocephala did not exist until 1986, when the placement of the species in that genus was formally proposed by mycologists Teun Boekhout and Manfred Enderle; the reason for this long interval is that most 20th-century mycologists working on Volvariella considered the epithet "gloiocephalus" to represent a variety with dark basidiocarps of another species of Volvariella, viz. Volvariella speciosa, that has white basidiocarps, therefore would use the name Volvariella speciosa var. gloiocephala to refer to this taxon.

Boekhout & Enderle showed that white and dark basidiocarps can arise from the same mycelium, that the epithets "gloiocephalus" proposed by De Candolle in 1815 and "speciosa" proposed by Fries in 1818 should be considered to represent the same species with the former having nomenclatural priority. In 1996 Boekhout and Enderle designated a neotype to serve as a representative example of the species; the phylogenetic study of Justo and colleagues showed that Volvariella gloiocephala and related taxa are a separate clade from the majority of the species traditionally classified in Volvariella and therefore another name change was necessary, now as the type species of the newly proposed genus Volvopluteus. The epithet gloiocephalus comes from the Greek terms gloia and kephalē meaning "with a sticky head" making reference to the viscid cap surface, it is known as the "big sheath mushroom", "rose-gilled grisette" or the "stubble rosegill". The cap of Volvopluteus gloiocephalus is between 5 and 15 cm in diameter, more or less ovate or conical when young expands to convex or flat, sometimes with a slight central depression in old specimens.

The surface is markedly viscid in fresh basidiocarps. The gills are crowded, free from the stipe, up to 2 cm broad; the stipe is 8–22.5 cm long and 0.7–1.5 cm wide, broadening towards the base. The volva is 2–3 cm high, sacciform and has a smooth surface; the flesh is white on stipe and cap and it does not change when bruised or exposed to air. Smell and taste vary from similar to raw peeled potatoes; the spore print is pinkish brown. The basidiospores are measure 12 -- 16 by 8 -- 9.5 µm. Basidia are 20–35 by 7–15 µm and four-spored, but sometimes two-spored basidia can occur. Pleurocystidia are 60–90 by 20–50 µm with variable morphology: club-shaped, fusiform and sometimes with a small apical papilla. Cheilocystidia are 55–100 by 15–40 µm with similar morphology to the pleurocystidia; the cap cuticle is an ixocutis. Stipitipellis is a cutis. Caulocystidia are sometimes present. Clamp connections are absent from the hyphae. Volvopluteus gloiocephalus is edible, it was once sold in markets in Australia.

Mature fruit bodies, collected in sufficient quantity, can be used to prepare soup, or added to dishes where wild mushrooms are used, such as stews and casseroles. The mushrooms are best used fresh. Young specimens of Volvopluteus gloiocephalus have white gills so it is possible to mistake them for an Amanita and vice versa. In the United States, there have been several cases of Asian immigrants collecting and eating death caps, under the mistaken assumption that they were Volvariella. A Greek study determined the nutritio

Werner Buchholz

Werner Buchholz was a German-American computer scientist. After growing up in Europe, Buchholz moved to Canada and to America, he worked for International Business Machines in New York. In June 1956, he coined the term "byte" for a unit of digital information. In 1990, he was recognized as a computer pioneer by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. Werner Buchholz was born on 24 October 1922 in Germany, his older brother, Carl Hellmut and he were the sons of the merchant Julius Buchholz and his wife, Elsa. Due to the growing anti-semitism in Detmold in 1936, the family moved to Cologne. Werner was able to go to England in 1938 where he attended school, while Carl Hellmut emigrated to America; because of the threat of invasion in May 1940, Werner with other refugee students was interned by the British and sent to Canada. With the help of the Jewish community in Toronto, he was released in 1941 and able to attend the University of Toronto, he completed his training as an electrical engineer in the United States at Caltech.

His parents were murdered in 1944 in a concentration camp in Litzmannstadt. Werner Buchholz was a member of the team at IBM that designed the IBM 701 and the IBM 7030 Stretch, IBM's first transistorized supercomputer, his work involved setting standards in the field of character encoding on computing systems. In 1956, he coined the term byte as a unit of digital information. A byte was an ordered collection of bits, which were the smallest amounts of data that a computer could process. In 1990, Buchholz received the IEEE Computer Pioneer Award, awarded since 1981 to recognize and honor individuals whose effort resulted in the creation and vitality of the computer industry, he worked 40 years at IBM in Poughkeepsie, New York, where he participated in the development of the computer. His wife Anna died in 2007 and their son John in 1975. Buchholz died in July 2019 at the age of 96. List of IBM products List of computer term etymologies

Ronald Dick

Air Vice Marshal Ronald Dick was a Royal Air Force officer who served as Head of the British Defence Staff in Washington, D. C. from 1984 to 1988. Educated at Beckenham and Penge County Grammar School, Dick joined the Royal Air Force as a cadet in January 1950, he became officer commanding No. 9 Squadron RAF flying Vulcan bombers in 1970. He went on to be Junior Air Force Member on the staff of the Royal College of Defence Studies in 1972, Personal Staff Officer to the Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Europe in 1974 and Station Commander at RAF Honington in 1978. After that he became Air Attaché in Washington, D. C. in 1980 in which role he negotiated US support for British air operations during Falklands War in 1982. His last appointments were as Director of Organisation and Establishments in 1983, as Director of Quartering in 1984 and as Head of the British Defence Staff and Defence Attaché in Washington, D. C. in 1984 before retiring in 1988