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Demographics of Senegal

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Senegal, including population density, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. About 42% of Senegal's population is rural. In rural areas, population density varies from about 77 per square kilometer in the west-central region to 2 per square kilometer in the arid eastern section; the average population density for the country is 68 people per square kilometer. French is the official language but is used only by the literate minority. All Senegalese speak an indigenous language, of which Wolof has the largest usage. Many Senegalese live in Europe in France and Spain. According to the 2018 revision of the World Population Review the total population was 16,302,789 in May 2018, compared to only 2,416,000 in 1950; the proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2017 was 41.5%, between 15 and 54 years of age was 31.1%, while 55 years or older was 6.9%..

Registration of vital events in Senegal is not complete. The Population Department of the United Nations prepared the following estimates. Births and deaths Total Fertility Rate and Crude Birth Rate: Fertility data by region: Wolof 41.6%, Pular 28.1%, Serer 15.3%, Mandinka 5.4%, Jola 3.4%, Soninke 0.8%, Other 5.4% About 50,000 Europeans -represents the 0.3% of the population of Senegal- and Lebanese and Vietnamese reside in Senegal in the cities. French, Pulaar, Jola, Soninke The religion beliefs of the 2016 population of Senegal are: Muslim 96.1%, Christian 3.6%, animist 0.3%. The following demographic statistics of Senegal are from the World Population Review. One birth every 56 seconds One death every 6 minutes One net migrant every 26 minutes Net gain of one person every 1 minutesThe following demographic are from the CIA World Factbook unless otherwise indicated. 15,020,945 0-14 years: 41.15% 15-24 years: 20.33% 25-54 years: 31.45% 55-64 years: 4.05% 65 years and over: 3.02% total: 19 years.

Country comparison to the world: 205th male: 18.1 years female: 19.9 years Total: 18.8 years Male: 18 years Female: 19.7 years 32.9 births/1,000 population Country comparison to the world: 27th 33.4 births/1,000 population 7.9 deaths/1,000 population Country comparison to the world: 94th 8.1 deaths/1,000 population 4.2 children born/woman Country comparison to the world: 30th 2.36% Country comparison to the world: 30th 2.39% 21.9 years 21.5 years note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 25.1% -1.4 migrant/1,000 population Country comparison to the world: 151st Total: 85.4 Youth: 79.8 Elderly: 5.6 Potential support ratio: 18 urban population: 47.2% of total population rate of urbanization: 3.73% annual rate of change total population: 62.5 years male: 60.4 years female: 64.7 years Total population: 62.1 years, 59.78 years, 59.25 years Male: 60 years, 57.85 years, 57.7 years Female: 64.3 years, 61.77 years, 60.85 years Muslim 95.9%, Christian 4.1% urban population: 47.2% of total population rate of urbanization: 3.73% annual rate of change 315 deaths/100,000 live births improved total: 78.5% of population urban: 92.9% of population rural: 67.3% of populationunimproved total: 21.5% of population urban: 7.1% of population rural: 32.7% of population definition: age 15 and over can read and write total population: 51.9% male: 64.8% female: 39.8% Total population: 57.7% Male: 69.7% Female: 46.6% total: 9 years male: 9 years female: 9 years total: 9 years male: 9 years female: 9 years total: 5.3% male: 5.2% female: 5.5% At birth: 1.03 male/female Under 15 years: 1.01 male/female 15-64 years: 0.98 male/female 65 years and over: 0.87 male/females Total population: 0.99 male/female Senegal aforetime was a destination country for neighboring economic migrants, but in recent decades West African migrants more use Senegal as a transit point to North Africa and to illegally onward to Europe.

The country has been host to several thousand black Mauritanian refugees since they were expelled from Mauritania during the 1989 border conflict with Senegal. The country’s economic crisis in the 1970s stimulated emigration. Destinations shifted from neighboring countries to Libya and Mauritania, because of their booming oil industries, to France and Spain. Senegal Media related to Demographics of Senegal at Wikimedia Commons

George Boscawen, 9th Viscount Falmouth

George Hugh Boscawen, 9th Viscount Falmouth, DL is a British peer and landowner. His subsidiary titles include Baron Boscawen-Rose. A former officer in the Coldstream Guards, he was Lord Lieutenant of Cornwall from 1977 to 1994, he has a claim to the Barony of Burghersh, abeyant since 1449. Boscawen was the second son of Evelyn Hugh John Boscawen, 8th Viscount Falmouth, by his marriage to Mary Margaret Desiree, daughter of Hon. Frederick George Lindley Meynell, High Sheriff of Staffordshire in 1910, son of the politician Charles Wood, 1st Viscount Halifax. Mary's mother, Lady Mary Susan Felice, was daughter of the art collector and historian Alexander Lindsay, 25th Earl of Crawford. Like his younger brother Robert, he was educated at Eton and Trinity College and from 1939 to 1946 served in the Coldstream Guards, rising to the rank of Captain. During the Second World War he saw active service in Italy. On 21 May 1940 Boscawen's elder brother, Hon Evelyn Frederick Vere Boscawen a Coldstream Guards officer, was killed in action, leaving him as heir to the family titles and estates.

In 1962, he succeeded as Viscount Falmouth on the death of his father. In 1968 he was appointed a Deputy Lieutenant for Cornwall in 1977 became the county's Lord Lieutenant, retiring only in 1994 on reaching the age of seventy-five. In 1982, as chairman of the governing body of Truro Cathedral School, Falmouth took the decision to close the school, because of "deteriorating finances". In a letter to parents he stated that this decision had been taken "with great reluctance, after exploring all possible alternatives". Boscawen married Elizabeth Price Browne, a Deputy Lieutenant for Cornwall and an Officer of the Order of the British Empire, they have four sons: Hon. Evelyn Arthur Hugh Boscawen he married Lucia Vivian-Neal on 23 July 1977 and they were divorced in 1995, they have two grandsons. He remarried Katherine Helen Maley on 7 October 1995, they have three children. Hon. Nicholas John Boscawen he married Virginia Mary Rose Beare, daughter of Robin Beare, in 1985, they have two daughters. Hon. Charles Richard Boscawen he married Frances Diana Rous, daughter of Major Hon. George Nathaniel Rous, in 1985.

They have three children. Hon. Vere George Boscawen he married Catharine Halliday on 11 May 1991, they have three children. His heir is the Hon Evelyn George Boscawen. All three generations, grandfather and son, are Etonians and live on and manage the Tregothnan estate. George Boscawen, 9th Viscount Falmouth

Little River Branch

The Little River Branch was a branch line railway that formed part of New Zealand's national rail network. It diverged from the Southbridge Branch in Lincoln and ran down Banks Peninsula in the Canterbury region of the South Island, it was opened to Little River in 1886 and operated until 1962. Little River contained one of only two significant stands of timber in the Canterbury region, accordingly, plans were made to build a line to provide convenient transportation and stimulate economic activity; these were finalised in 1879, construction was under way by the next year. On 16 May 1882, the first 27.44 km of the line were opened to Birdling's Flat, four years the next nine kilometres were opened to Little River. There were proposals to extend the line as far as Akaroa, but these did not eventuate and Little River remained the terminus. In the early years of the line, it operated profitably as large quantities of timber were transported by rail to destinations off the branch; this freight was but not loaded in Little River.

There was significant agricultural activity in the area. As time progressed, the timber traffic declined as no effort was made to replant and sustain the industry, accordingly, the line's traffic became focused on the agricultural industry, expanding into the felled areas. Passenger numbers totalled over 10,000 in the line's first year of operation, though no dedicated passenger trains ran. Instead, until 1927, passengers were carried on mixed trains. In 1927, an experiment was conducted on the Little River Branch when the Edison battery-electric railcar was trialled, it provided a twice daily dedicated passenger service each way between Christchurch and Little River, completing the trip in 69 minutes. Affordable and efficient, the railcar proved popular with travellers, but its life was abruptly cut short in 1934 when it was destroyed in a depot fire and not replaced due to the poor economic conditions of the Great Depression, forcing passengers back to the slower mixed trains. Around this time, traffic started to decline.

Timber traffic was becoming non-existent because resources were exhausted, road transport was competitive with rail. A Royal Commission in 1930 had recommended that passenger services be cancelled and freight trains operated only thrice weekly, but provisions were made for passengers until 14 April 1951, in 1952, goods trains were still operating nine times a week. However, the line was making a financial loss and service cuts could not alleviate it. With the line becoming too uneconomic to continue to operate, it was closed on 30 June 1962, along with the Southbridge Branch beyond Lincoln; the Little River Branch is one of New Zealand's best preserved former railways. The Little River Rail Trail has been established as a walking and cycling track utilising the former track bed of the branch, in much the same style as the Otago Central Rail Trail. On 28 May 2006, the first section, from Motukarara to Catons Bay Reserve, was opened to the public, plans exist to convert the entire line into a rail trail, though it may deviate from the railway's original route in places to ensure easy accessibility.

Furthermore, the Little River station has been well preserved by the local community, who have converted into a centre that sells local craft and historical items. The platform and goods shed are still in good repair, some metres of trackage have been installed so that a number of preserved freight wagons can be displayed. Patrick Dunford's Railways of New Zealand - Little River Branch: contains photos of the Little River Rail Trail and restored station

Central Philippines State University

The Central Philippines State University known as Negros State College of Agriculture, is a public state university in the Philippines. Its main campus is located in Negros Occidental. CPSU started as Negros Occidental Agricultural School and was dubbed as the 1st Agricultural Institution in the country establish by a Filipino Superintendent in the name of Jose F. Crisanto after World War II in 1946; the institution was converted to Negros Occidental Agricultural College by virtue of Presidential Authority on September 6, 1977. NOAC was converted into state college known as the Negros State College of Agriculture by virtue of R. A. 9141 date July 3, 2001. By virtue of the Republic Act 10228, NSCA was converted to Central Philippines State University in 2012. CPSU has 9 colleges namely: College of Agriculture College of Animal Science College of Forestry College of Teacher Education College of Arts and Sciences College of Business Education College of Engineering College of Computer Studies College of Criminal Justice EducationThe institution offers Graduate Studies such as Master's degree and Doctorate degree.

CPSU official site

Eileen Colwell

Eileen Hilda Colwell was a pioneer children’s librarian, "the doyenne of children's librarianship in Great Britain". Born in Robin Hood’s Bay in Yorkshire, Colwell was the third daughter of a Methodist minister, she studied librarianship at University College London. She had become interested in the idea of a children’s library at an early age but found that the plan of study did not cover the subject. After leaving college she worked at Bolton Library before obtaining the new post of Children's Librarian for Hendon Urban District in October 1926. Providing schools with "book cupboards" she built the children’s collection from scratch. In 1929 Colwell was made permanent children's librarian with the opening of Hendon Library where she remained for forty years, she pioneered the use of story telling hours, let the children help with the running of the library. In 1937 Colwell helped found the Association of Children's Librarians integrated as the Youth Library Section of the Library Association.

In 1965 she was made an MBE. In 1967 she left Hendon, for a while lectured at Loughborough University, she made several radio programs with the BBC, between 1966 and 1967 she appeared as a storyteller on the BBC children's programme Jackanory narrating in ten episodes. Princess Splendour And Other Stories The Magic Umbrella And Other Stories Of Telling Autobiography, Once Upon A Time

Petra Pool and Garden Complex

The Petra Garden and Pool Complex is a name given to a series of structures within the center of the city of Petra. Said to be a market area. Excavations at the site have allowed scholars to identify it as an elaborate Nabataean garden, which included a large swimming pool, an island-pavilion, an intricate hydraulic system; this is the only known example of such a structure at Petra, or at other Nabataean sites in the region, has therefore featured prominently in discussions about the wealth of elites at Petra and the role of water in displaying power and prestige. While other structures, such as the nearby Nymphaeum require water management infrastructure, the Petra Garden and Pool Complex is unique in its combination of hydrology, exotic vegetation, architecture; the complex is located along the main colonnaded street in the center of Petra, between the Great Temple and the so-called "Middle Market.” Its location indicates the importance of the structure in local civic life. It is difficult to know how this complex functioned in relation to the Great Temple and other adjacent structures because the purpose of nearby buildings remains unclear.

The Garden-Pool complex is situated on a series of large terraces measuring 65 x 85 meters. Excavations and botanical study have shown that these terraces may have had a large ornamental garden on them; the garden was bisected by smaller structures. Further back from the ornamental garden with respect to the colonnaded street lay a pool measuring 43 x 23 meters in length and width and 2.5 meters in depth. Archaeologists have calculated that this pool would have been able to hold over 2000 cubic meters of water. In the center of the pool stood a pavilion on a sandstone pedestal. Fragments from this structure and others reveal that the whole complex was painted in dark red and bright blue, which, in combination with the water and exotic vegetation, would have created an awe-inspiring sight for visitors entering the city from the surrounding desert. Behind the entire structure is a 16-meter-high cliff face, which bears signs of hydrological modification used to channel water to the complex and to create cascading water effects.

Based on excavations, the complex appears to have been built during the reign of the Nabataean king, Aretas IV and remained in use throughout the Roman annexation of the city in 106 CE. Archaeologists have identified at least nine distinct phases for the site; these include early periods of occupation and renovation, followed by abandonment of the complex sometime in the late second to third century CE. By the time of the earthquake of 363 CE, the complex was out of use and suffered major damage. There is evidence that the site was used for agricultural purposes for much of the late Byzantine period and seems to have continued to serve this function up until the middle of the 20th century Prior to excavation, the area of the Petra Garden and Pool Complex was believed to be one of three markets at Petra, due to the fact that it was open and flat and the lack of standing architecture. Excavations of the site began in 1998, directed by Leigh-Ann Bedal, who discovered evidence of complex hydraulic management, exotic plants, a large swimming pool.

Subsequent excavations took place over the course of eight seasons, with ongoing study of the botanical remains