Demographics of Tanzania

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Tanzania, including population density, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations, other aspects of the population. The population distribution in Tanzania is uneven. Most people live on the northern border or the eastern coast, with much of the remainder of the country being sparsely populated. Density varies from 12 per square kilometre in the Katavi Region to 3,133 per square kilometre in Dar es Salaam. 70 percent of the population is rural, although this percentage has been declining since at least 1967. Dar es Salaam is largest city. Dodoma, located in the centre of Tanzania, is the de jure capital, although action to move government buildings to Dodoma has stalled; the population consists of about 125 ethnic groups. The Sukuma, Nyamwezi and Haya peoples have more than 1 million members each. Over 100 different languages are spoken in Tanzania, making it the most linguistically diverse country in East Africa.

Among the languages spoken in Tanzania are all four of Africa's language families: Bantu, Cushitic and Khoisan. Swahili and English are Tanzania's official languages. Swahili belongs to the Bantu branch of the Niger-Congo family; the Sandawe people speak a language that may be related to the Khoe languages of Botswana and Namibia, while the language of the Hadzabe people, although it has similar click consonants, is arguably a language isolate. The language of the Iraqw people is Cushitic. Other languages are Portuguese. Although much of Zanzibar's native population came from the mainland, one group known as Shirazis traces its origins to the island's early Persian settlers. Non-Africans residing on the mainland and Zanzibar account for 1 percent of the total population; the Asian community, including Hindus, Shi'a and Sunni Muslims and Goans, has declined by 50 percent in the 2000s and early 2010s to 50,000 on the mainland and 4,000 on Zanzibar. An estimated 70,000 Arabs and 20,000 Europeans reside in Tanzania.

Over 100,000 people living in Tanzania are of Asian or European ancestry. Based on 1999–2003 data, over 74,000 Tanzanian-born people were living in Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries, with 32,630 residing in the United Kingdom. According to the 2012 census, the total population was 44,928,923 compared to 12,313,469 in 1967, resulting in an annual growth rate of 2.9 percent. The under 15 age group represented 44.1 percent of the population, with 35.5 percent being in the 15–35 age group, 52.2 percent being in the 15–64 age group, 3.8 percent being older than 64. According to the 2012 revision of the World Population Prospects, children below the age of 15 constituted 44.8 percent of the total population, with 52.0 percent aged 15–64 and 3.1 percent aged 65 or older. Structure of the population: The Tanzanian Demographic and Health Survey 2010 estimated that the infant mortality rate for 2005–10 was 51. Registration of other vital events in Tanzania is not complete.

The Population Department of the United Nations prepared the following estimates. Births and deaths Source: Total Fertility Rate and Crude Birth Rate: Fertility rates are estimated by Surveys and Census in different times. TDHS surveys estimated these fertility rates:6.3, 5.8, 5.7, 5.4 and 2002 Census said 6.3 The following demographic statistics of Tanzania in 2019 are from the World Population Review. One birth every 14 seconds One death every 1 minutes One net migrant every 13 minutes Net gain of one person every 17 secondsThe following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated. 55,451,343 48,261,942 0-14 years: 43.4% 15-24 years: 20.03% 25-54 years: 30.02% 55-64 years: 3.51% 65 years and over: 3.04% total: 17.9 years. Country comparison to the world: 215th male: 17.6 years female: 18.2 years total: 17.3 years male: 17.0 years female: 17.6 years 35.3 births/1,000 population Country comparison to the world: 19th 7.5 deaths/1,000 population Country comparison to the world: 112nd 4.71 children born/woman Country comparison to the world: 20th 2.74% Country comparison to the world: 14th 19.8 years note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 38.4% -0.5 migrant/1,000 population Country comparison to the world: 127th total dependency ratio: 93.4 youth dependency ratio: 87.4 elderly dependency ratio: 6 potential support ratio: 16.6 urban population: 33.8% of total population rate of urbanization: 5.22% annual rate of change mainland - African 99%, other 1%.

Around 100,000 people living in Tanzania are from Europe or Asia. Christian 61.4%, Muslim 35.2%, folk religion 1.8%, other 0.2%, unaffiliated 1.4% note: Zanzibar is entirely Muslim at birth: 1.03 male/female 0-14 years: 1.02 male/female 15–54 years: 1.00 male/female 55-64 years: 0.75 male/female 65 years and over: 0.76 male/femal

Mel Brown (drummer)

Mel Brown is an American jazz drummer, one of the most prominent jazz musicians in Portland, United States. Brown was born in Portland, Oregon in 1944, he had a paper route delivering papers through. In high school Brown was involved with the Portland Junior Symphony while attending Portland State University. While at the university, he invested his time playing at local Jazz Clubs and played/recorded with a group called "Billy Larkin & The Delegates" on Aura/World Pacific/Liberty Records. Brown graduated from Portland State University and moved to Vancouver where he got a steady gig playing with the guitarist Tommy Chong. Martha Reeves hired him in 1967 to join her band. Brown played for Reeves and the Vandellas for a couple of years before Motown hired him away as a studio musician and to travel with other Motown acts, his time with Martha Reeves led to a contract with Motown Records. After that contract, Brown recorded with some of the biggest names in the Motown industry, including Martha and the Vandellas, Stevie Wonder, The Temptations and Marvin Gaye.

Back in the 1970s and 80's session drummers such as Mel were not recognized because it was not policy to print the names of session music. The purpose of a session musician was to record in the studio or play with the band on stage, but they weren't part of the band. In 1973, Brown made it his permanent home. Five years Brown created a trio band with piano player George Mitchell and bass player Phil Baker. For two years, 1978 -- 1980, Brown toured with the trio band he created. Brown owned and operated The Mel Brown Drum Shop until 1984 and opened a bookkeeping service which he called Metropolitan Accounting and Tax, he maintained his music career playing gigs and performing different shows throughout the Portland Jazz District. Brown created the Sextet. Brown had the opportunity to record and play with Leroy Vinnegar and the two of them started a Hammond B-3 organ quintet. In the 1990s, Mel was added to the board of directors for the Mt. Hood Jazz festival and created the Mel Brown Jazz summer camp workshop located at Western Oregon University.

In 1999 Brown was inducted into the Jazz Society of Oregon Hall of fame. Throughout his career he played and performed with the Oregon Symphony. Brown still runs his accounting company by day, he holds annual Jazz Camps at Western Oregon University. Mel plays with his B3 Organ Group at the Jack London Revue in Portland. 1988: Andrei Kitaev, Tim Gilson, Mel Brown - Yesterdays 1989: Mel Brown Sextet - Plays Music By Gordon Lee: Gordon Bleu 1994: Jessica Williams and Leroy Vinnegar with Mel Brown - Encounters 1996: Leroy Vinnegar with Jessica Williams and Mel Brown - The Boss of the Walking Bass: A Tribute to Leroy Vinnegar 1999: Mel Brown Quintet - Live at Jimmy Mak's 2000: Mel Brown - Mister Groove 2001: Patrick Lamb - Sunshine Alley 2003: Mel Brown B3 Organ Quartet - Live at the Britt Festival 2005: Mel Brown Quartet - Girl Talk 2006: Mel Brown Quartet - Live: An Evening with the MBQ 2006: Mel Brown Sextet - Plays the Music of Gordon Lee: Gordon Bleu 2006: Renato Caranto - Nice To Be Home 2006: Mel Brown B3 Organ Group - Smokin' at Jimmy's 2007: Jof Lee, Tim Gilson, Mel Brown - Live at Salty's 2014: Gordon Lee with the Mel Brown Septet - Tuesday Night 2014: Mel Brown B3 Organ Group - Ticket To Ride: 16th Anniversary Show, Vol. 1 2014: Mel Brown B3 Organ Group - More Today Than Yesterday: 16th Anniversary Show, Vol. 2 With Billy Larkin & The Delegates 1964: Billy Larkin & The Delegates 1965: Blue Lights 1968: The Best of Billy Larkin & The Delegates What Do You Know About…Mel Brown? at Modern Drummer Always Learning: Lessons from the Jazz Ensemble at The PEAK Fleet

Rushall Canal

The Rushall Canal is a straight, 2.75-mile, narrow canal suitable for boats which are 7 feet wide, forming part of the Birmingham Canal Navigations on the eastern side of Walsall, West Midlands, England. The Rushall Canal runs from Rushall Junction on the Tame Valley Canal and climbs due north through nine locks to Longwood Junction at Hay Head, where it joins the 5.25-mile long Daw End Branch, a meandering, lock-free branch of the Wyrley and Essington Canal which joins the main W&E at Catshill Junction near Brownhills. A short, non-navigable, arm at Longwood Junction leads to Hay Head Nature Reserve, once an area of limestone mines; the canal was built in the county of Staffordshire under an Act of Parliament of April 1844 to connect the Daw End Branch to The Tame Valley Canal to take coal from Cannock mines to Birmingham and the Black Country. The engineer was James Walker, it was specified to be 36 feet wide with towpaths on both sides. The towpaths were to be 9 feet wide, it was completed 1847.

Canals of the United Kingdom History of the British canal system Pearson, Michael. Canal Companion - Birmingham Canal Navigations. J. M. Pearson & Associates. ISBN 0-907864-49-X