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Demographics of Togo

The demographics of Togo include ethnicity, population density, education level, economic status and religious affiliation. Togo's population of 7.89 million people is composed of about 21 ethnic groups, the two biggest being the and Ewé in the South ). Dagomba is the first most common language in the north, where other Gur languages such as Mossi and Gourma are found; the ethnic groups of the coastal region Ewe and Gen language, constitute the bulk of the civil servants and merchants, due in part to the former colonial administrations which provided greater infrastructure development in the south. Most of the southern peoples use these two related languages, which are spoken in commercial sectors throughout Togo; the Kabye live on marginal land and traditionally have emigrated south from their home area in the Kara region to seek employment. Their historical means of social advancement has been through the military and law enforcement forces, they continue to dominate these services. Other groups include the Akposso on the Central Plateau, the Ana people who are related to the Yoruba, live in the center of the country, in the strip between Atakpame and Tchamba, the Bassar in the Centre-West, the Tchamba in the Centre-East and the Konkombas around Sokodé, the Lambas in the Kandé region, the Hausa, the Tamberma, the Losso and the Ouachi.

Indians have a presence in Togo. White African settlers descended from the original French and German colonials make up less than 1% of the total population along with Togo's minute Lebanese community; the remaining 99% are indigenous: most people in this category hail from one of thirty-seven different tribes. Population distribution is uneven due to soil and terrain variations; the population is concentrated in the south and along the major north-south highway connecting the coast to the Sahel. Age distribution is uneven. French, the official language, is used in documentation; the public primary schools combine French with Ewe or Kabye as languages of instruction, depending on the region. English is taught in Togolese secondary schools; as a result, many Togolese in the south and along the Ghana border, speak some English. According to the 2019 revision of the World Population Prospects the total population was 7,889,093 in 2018, compared to only 1 395 000 in 1950; the proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2010 was 39.6%, 56.9% was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 3.4% was 65 years or older.

Registration of vital events is in Togo not complete. The Population Departement of the United Nations prepared the following estimates. Total Fertility Rate and Crude Birth Rate: Fertility data as of 2013-2014 and 2017: The following demographic statistics of Togo in 2019 are from the World Population Review. One birth every 2 minutes One death every 8 minutes One net migrant every 288 minutes Net gain of one person every 3 minutesThe following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated. 8,176,449 0-14 years: 40.13% 15-24 years: 19.1% 25-54 years: 32.96% 55-64 years: 4.34% 65 years and over: 3.46% total: 19.9 years. Country comparison to the world: 196th male: 19.6 years female: 20.1 years 32.8 births/1,000 population Country comparison to the world: 30th 6.8 deaths/1,000 population Country comparison to the world: 135th 4.32 children born/woman Country comparison to the world: 26th 2.61% Country comparison to the world: 18th 21 years note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 19.9% Togo’s population is estimated to have grown to four times its size between 1960 and 2010.

With nearly 60% of its populace under the age of 25 and a high annual growth rate attributed to high fertility, Togo’s population is to continue to expand for the foreseeable future. Reducing fertility, boosting job creation, improving education will be essential to reducing the country’s high poverty rate. In 2008, Togo eliminated primary school enrollment fees, leading to higher enrollment but increased pressure on limited classroom space and materials. Togo has a good chance of achieving universal primary education, but educational quality, the underrepresentation of girls, the low rate of enrollment in secondary and tertiary schools remain concerns. One of the more densely populated African nations with most of the population residing in rural communities, density is highest in the south on or near the Atlantic coast. 0 migrant/1,000 population Country comparison to the world: 99th total dependency ratio: 81.2 youth dependency ratio: 76.2 elderly dependency ratio: 5.1 potential support ratio: 19.8 urban population: 41.7% of total population rate of urbanization: 3.76% annual rate of change total population: 65.8 years male: 63.1 years female: 68.6 years total population: 54.69 years male: 52.75 years female: 56.7 years African (37 tribes.

Waikumete Cemetery

Waikumete Cemetery Waikomiti Cemetery, is New Zealand's largest cemetery. It occupies a site of 108 hectares in Glen Eden and contains a crematorium in the south-west corner of the cemetery. Waikumete Cemetery is the final resting place for over 70,000 people, its location was decided by the proximity of the nearby Glen Eden railway station, as access by railway was desired. The Chapel of Faith in the Oaks was built in 1886 as a mortuary chapel and was used until the larger chapel was built in 1952, it is available for hire for religious services. Waikumete is home to a number of prominent historical areas including the Erebus Memorial, Holocaust Memorial, NZ Influenza Epidemic memorial and the ANZAC Cenotaph. Two extensive areas of the cemetery were given over for burial of service personnel of the World Wars and post-war veterans. In all, the Commonwealth War Graves Commission register and maintain the graves of 285 Commonwealth service personnel here, 110 from World War I and 176 from World War II.

In the entrance of the cemetery the CWGC erected the Auckland Provincial Memorial, commemorating 56 service personnel from Auckland Province who died serving in and around New Zealand in both World Wars but have no known grave. The CWGC commemorate 44 service personnel of World War II cremated at Waikumete Crematorium where, most in 1999, they erected a memorial to seven personnel whose ashes were stored in the chapel building and, placed on the site of their final resting place in the chapel lawn; some of the notable people buried at the cemetery include: Albert Asher, rugby union and rugby league footballer Barry Butterworth, NZ speedway driver Angela D'Audney, Television New Zealand news anchor Father Felix Donnelly QSM ONZM, broadcaster, Youthline founder Cameron Duncan and director, inspiration for Into the West Assid Corban, the first Mayor of Waitakere City and winemaker James Crichton, recipient of the Victoria Cross Pauly Fuemana, lead singer of OMC John Gildroy Grant, recipient of the Victoria Cross Richard Alexander Henderson Paul Hewson and keyboard player in NZ band Dragon Reginald Judson recipient of the Victoria Cross, Distinguished Conduct Medal and the Military Medal Bruce McLaren, race-car designer, driver and inventor Don Oliver MBE, weightlifter and fitness centre founder Tuna Scanlan, boxer Maurice Shadbolt CBE, writer and playwright Samuel Shrimski, politician from Oamaru List of cemeteries in New Zealand Harper, Glyn.

In the Face of the Enemy: The Complete History of the Victoria Cross and New Zealand. Auckland, New Zealand: HarperCollins Publishers Limited. ISBN 1869506502. Waikumete Cemetery Auckland City Council website Tales From The Crypt, Matthew Gray's Historical Column on Waikumete Cemetery Graves

North Pole Stream

North Pole Stream is a tributary to the Little Southwest Miramichi River, with its headwaters in the Christmas Mountains of north-central, New Brunswick, Canada. It is an important spawning stream for Atlantic Salmon, renowned among fly fishers; the Mi'kmaq referred to the stream as "Kadunnatquegak". The English name seems to have originated with lumbermen, about 1840. Two theories have been suggested for its origin: the most northerly point they had lumbered cold conditionsThe name inspired A. F. Wightman to name the adjacent peaks after Santa Claus' reindeer; these peaks are now referred to as the Christmas Mountains. List of rivers of New Brunswick

Dancing Co-Ed

Dancing Co-Ed is a 1939 American romantic comedy film directed by S. Sylvan Simon and starring Lana Turner in the titular role, Richard Carlson as an inquisitive college reporter, bandleader Artie Shaw as himself; when a dancer's partner becomes pregnant, a nationwide search is instituted to find a replacement from among college women. A perfect choice is found. Lana Turner as Patty Marlow Richard Carlson as Michael "Pug" Braddock Artie Shaw as Himself Ann Rutherford as Eve Greeley Lee Bowman as Freddy Tobin Thurston Hall as Henry W. Workman Leon Errol as Sam "Pops" Marlow Roscoe Karns as Joe Drews Mary Field as Miss Jenny May Walter Kingsford as President Cavendish Mary Beth Hughes as "Toddy" Tobin June Preisser as "Ticky" James Monty Woolley as Professor Lange Chester Clute as Pee WeeVeronica Lake and Robert Walker have uncredited parts. According to MGM records the film earned $518,000 in the US and Canada and $195,000 elsewhere resulting in a profit of $21,000. Dancing Co-Ed on IMDb Dancing Co-Ed at the TCM Movie Database Dancing Co-Ed at AllMovie

Living Tongues Institute for Endangered Languages

The Living Tongues Institute for Endangered Languages is a nonprofit 501 organization based in Salem, United States. The institute's focus is to scientifically document endangered languages, as well as assist communities with maintaining and revitalizing knowledge of their native languages; the institute's founder and director is Dr. Gregory D. S. Anderson; the institute's Director of Research is Dr. K. David Harrison. One of the institute's projects involves training indigenous youth who are not native speakers of their communities' traditional languages to record and document their elders' languages, in order to improve documentation of those languages and to "build pride" among speakers; the institute reports. Living Tongues Institute is partnered with National Geographic’s Enduring Voices Project as both Dr. Gregory D. S. Anderson and Dr. K David Harrison are National Geographic Fellows. Other partners include Ironbound Films: The Linguists. Language projects Altai-Sayan Language and Ethnography Project Ös/Middle Chulym Documentation Project Eleme/Baan Language Project Kallawaya Language Project Munda Languages Project Language Hotspots Project "Enduring Voices", a multi-year joint project with the National Geographic Society launched in 2007, with expeditions to language hotspots around the world The Linguists Film Project Talking Online Dictionary Projects Siletz Dee-Ni Language Talking Dictionary Project Tuvan Talking Dictionary Project Remo Talking Dictionary Project Chamacoco Talking Dictionary Project Ho Talking Dictionary Project Matukar Talking Dictionary Project Language death Language documentation Language isolate Language revival List of Language Self-Study Programs List of revived languages Living Tongues Institute for Endangered Languages http://livingtongues.org/talking-dictionaries/ Enduring Voices Project: Endangered Languages Facts, Map from the National Geographic Society

731st Airlift Squadron

The 731st Airlift Squadron is part of the 302d Airlift Wing at Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado. It operates Lockheed C-130 Hercules aircraft providing global airlift. Tactical Airlift Aerial fire-fighting for the U. S. Forest Service. Activated as a Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bomb squadron. Completed training in early 1943. Engaged in long-range strategic bombardment operations over Occupied Europe and Nazi Germany, March 1944 – May 1945 attacking enemy military and industrial targets as part of the United States' air offensive against Nazi Germany. Most personnel demobilized in Europe after the German capitulation in May 1945. Reactivated in 1947 as a Boeing B-29 Superfortress bomb squadron in the reserve, however equipped with trainers until 1949 when equipped with the Douglas B-26 Invader light bomber. Squadron activated in 1951 as a result of the Korean War. Reactivated in 1952 with RB-26 Invader photo-reconnaissance aircraft. In 1957, moved from Scott Air Force Base, Illinois to Laurence G. Hanscom Field, Massachusetts and re-equipped with Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcars for tactical airlift.

Activated during the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962. In 1966, re-equipped with Douglas C-124 Globemasters for performing strategic airlift on a worldwide scale. Reassigned to various Air Force reserve wings. Reactivated in Colorado in the Air Force Reserve same date and equipped with Lockheed C-130 Hercules. Constituted as the 331st Bombardment Squadron on 28 January 1942Activated on 15 June 1942 Redesignated 331st Bombardment Squadron, Heavy on 20 August 1943 Inactivated on 29 November 1945 Redesignated 331st Bombardment Squadron, Very Heavyon 13 May 1947 Activated in the reserve on 29 May 1947 Redesignated 331st Bombardment Squadron, Light on 26 June 1949 Ordered to active service on 10 March 1951 Inactivated on 20 March 1951Redesignated 331st Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron on 26 May 1952Activated in the reserve on 14 June 1952 Redesignated 331st Bombardment Squadron, Tactical on 18 May 1955 Redesignated 731st Troop Carrier Squadron, Medium on 1 July 1957 Ordered to active service on 28 October 1962 Relieved from active duty on 28 November 1962 Redesignated: 731st Military Airlift Squadron on 1 January 1967 Redesignated: 731st Tactical Airlift Squadron on 1 October 1972 Inactivated on 1 October 1982Activated in the reserve on 1 October 1982Redesignated 731st Airlift Squadron on 1 February 1992 94th Bombardment Group, 15 Jun 1942 – 29 Nov 1945.

Anderson, Capt. Barry. Army Air Forces Stations: A Guide to the Stations Where U. S. Army Air Forces Personnel Served in the United Kingdom During World War II. Maxwell AFB, AL yes: Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center. Archived from the original on 23 January 2016. Retrieved 28 June 2017. Cantwell, Gerald T.. Citizen Airmen: a History of the Air Force Reserve, 1946-1994. Washington, D. C.: Air Force History and Museums Program. ISBN 0-16049-269-6. Retrieved 17 December 2016. Maurer, Maurer, ed.. Air Force Combat Units of World War II. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. LCCN 61060979. Retrieved 17 December 2016. Maurer, Maurer, ed.. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556. Retrieved 17 December 2016. Ravenstein, Charles A.. Air Force Combat Wings, Lineage & Honors Histories 1947-1977. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-12-9. Retrieved 17 December 2016