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Demographics of Zimbabwe

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Zimbabwe, including population density, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. The population of Zimbabwe has grown during the 20th century in accordance with the model of a developing country with high birth rates and falling death rates, resulting in high population growth rate. After a spurt in the period 1980-1983 following independence, a decline in birth rates set in. Since 1991, there has been a jump in death rates from a low of 10 per 1000 in 1985 to a high of 25 per 1000 in 2002/2003, it has since subsided to just under 22 per 1000 a little below the birth rate of around 27 per 1000. The high death rate is a result of poor medical facilities; this leads to a small natural increase of around 0.5%. Deaths due to HIV/AIDS have reduced due to improved methods of protection. However, outward migration rates of around 1.5% or more have been experienced for over a decade, therefore actual population changes are uncertain.

Because of the high number of unaccounted emigrants, the recent increase of emigration and the death toll from AIDS, the total population might be declining to as low as 8 million according to some estimates. Based on the 2019 revision of the World Population Prospects, the population of Zimbabwe was estimated by the United Nations at 14,438,802 in 2018. About 38.9% comprised youths under 15, while another 56.9% grouped persons aged between 15 and 65 years. Only around 4.2% of citizens were over 65. Registration of vital events in Zimbabwe is not complete; the Population Department of the United Nations prepared the following estimates. Total Fertility Rate and Crude Birth Rate: Fertility data as of 2010-2011: Life expectancy from 1950 to 2015: According to 2012 Census report, 99.6% of the population is of African origin. Of the rest of the population, the great bulk—perhaps 30,000 persons—are white Zimbabweans of European ancestry, a minority which had diminished in size prior to independence.

The vast black majority has grown at a projected annual rate of 4.3% since 1980. Although present figures are difficult to ascertain, the white community once reproduced itself at an annual rate similar to that of most totals in developed nations. Of the two major ethnolinguistic categories, Shona speakers formed a decisive plurality and occupied the eastern two-thirds of Zimbabwe. Ndebele speakers constitute about 16%, none of the other indigenous ethnic groups came to as much as 2% in recent decades. African speakers of nonindigenous languages included migrant workers from Malawi and Mozambique. Three-quarters of white Zimbabweans are of British diasporan origin. After World War II, Zimbabwe received a substantial influx of emigrants from the United Kingdom—a handful resided in other colonies such as Pakistan and Kenya. Represented on a much smaller scale were individuals of Afrikaner and Portuguese origin. After Rhodesia's Unilateral Declaration of Independence in 1965, Ian Smith's administration removed technical obstacles to immigration from southern Europe.

A urbanised Coloured population is descended from early unions between White Rhodesian settlers and local Black African females. Many, can trace their ancestry to the Dutch/Khoisan mulatto clans of the Cape. With the exception of a select few who were brought to Zimbabwe as railroad workers, most Asians in Zimbabwe arrived from India pursuing employment or entrepreneurship. An educated class, they have traditionally engaged in retail manufacturing. Zimbabwe has 16 official languages: Chewa, Chibarwe, Kalanga, Nambya, Ndebele, Shona, sign language, Tonga, Venda, Xhosa. English is used in administration and schools, though less than 2.5% the white and Coloured minorities, consider it their native language. The rest of the population speak Shona and Ndebele, etc. Shona has a rich oral tradition, incorporated into the first Shona novel, Feso by Solomon Mutswairo, published in 1956. English is spoken in the cities, but less so in rural areas. Television news is broadcast in English and Ndebele though the local languages time slot falls out of prime viewing time, but radio broadcasts in English, Shona, Nambya, Venda and Tonga.

English and Shona are given far more airtime. 85 percent of Zimbabweans are Christian, of that number, 61 percent attend Christian churches. The largest Christian churches are Roman Catholic, Seventh Day Adventist and Methodist; however like most former European colonies, Christianity is mixed with enduring traditional beliefs. Besides Christianity, ancestral worship is the most practised non-Christian religion which involves ancestor worship and spiritual intercession. Under 1% of the population is Muslim, although many Zimbabweans are influenced by Islamic food laws. According to the United Nations World Health Organization, the average life expectancy for men in 2006 was 37 years and for women was 34 years of age, the lowest in the world at the time. An association of doctors in Zimbabwe have made calls for President Mugabe to make moves to assist the ailing health service. Since it has recovered, the figures for 2010 to 2015 were 53 and 54 for men and women respectively; the following demographic statistics of Zimbabwe in 2019 are from the Worl

Stan Goosman

Sir William Stanley Goosman was a New Zealand politician of the National Party and a road-haulier and contractor. Goosman was born in 1890 at Auckland. William Massey was his uncle, he received his education at Mangere and at the age of 13, he started work on a dairy farm. At age 17, he worked in the bush. During the Great Depression, he started a transport business at Waihou, near Te Aroha, which grew into a large company, he was a roading contractor. He was the Member of Parliament for Waikato 1938–1946, Piako 1946–1954, Waipa 1954–1957 Piako again 1957–1963, when he retired, he was the Minister of Works and Minister of Railways in the First National Government from 1949 to 1954. In those roles, he decided to drop proposals to improve Auckland's rail network and instead focus on motorway building; when opening the first of Auckland's motorways in 1953, he is reported to have said, "My boy, the future of Auckland is with the motor car". One of his first actions as Railway Minister was to raise fares.

When defending the government during the 1951 waterfront lockout, he said, "All I have to say is that if Hitler had to deal with the same thing Hitler talked right." He was made a KCMG in 1965. Gustafson, Barry; the First 50 Years: A History of the New Zealand National Party. Auckland: Reed Methuen. ISBN 0-474-00177-6. Wilson, James Oakley. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984. Wellington: V. R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103

Myra Hunter

Myra Sally Hunter is Professor of Clinical Health Psychology at the Institute of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, King's College, a Clinical and Health Psychologist at the South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust. Hunter's research specialises in the areas of psychological approaches in women's health and oncology, she has developed and evaluated cognitive behavioral interventions for women with cardiac chest pain and more menopausal problems. She is applying the interventions to men who have hot flushes following prostate cancer treatment and is evaluating a brief cognitive behavioral intervention for women who are depressed during pregnancy, she is a member of the UK National Cancer Research Institute Breast Clinical Studies Group that has established a multi-disciplinary working party to evaluate & improve vasomotor symptom management and Expert Psychology Advisor to the Core DevelopmentGroup for NICE Guidance on Menopause 2013-2015. Mann, Eleanor; the Lancet Oncology. 13: 309–318. Doi:10.1016/S1470-204570364-3.

PMC 3314999. PMID 22340966. Ayers, B. "Effectiveness of group and self-help cognitive behavior therapy in reducing problematic menopausal hot flushes and night sweats: A randomized controlled trial". Menopause. 19: 749–759. Doi:10.1097/gme.0b013e31823fe835. PMID 22336748. Hunter, MS. Managing hot flushes and night sweats: a cognitive behavioural approach to menopause. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-62515-9. Grunfeld, Elizabeth A.. "Adherence beliefs among breast cancer patients taking tamoxifen". Patient Education and Counseling. 59: 97–102. Doi:10.1016/j.pec.2004.10.005. PMID 16198223. Burgess, C. "A qualitative study of delay among women reporting symptoms of breast cancer". The British Journal of General Practice. 51: 967–971. PMC 1314188. PMID 11766868. Hunter, Myra S.. "Decision-making and hormone replacement therapy: A qualitative analysis". Social Science & Medicine. 45: 1541. Doi:10.1016/S0277-953600091-9. Hunter, Myra. "The experience of headache — an assessment of the qualities of tension headache pain". Pain. 10: 209–19.

Doi:10.1016/0304-395990196-2. PMID 7267137

Madame X Tour

Madame X Tour is the eleventh concert tour by American singer Madonna, in support of her fourteenth studio album Madame X. Consisting of 78 dates, the all-theatre tour started on September 17, 2019, in New York City, is set to conclude on March 11, 2020, in Paris; the tour is managed by Live Nation Entertainment. This marks the first time. Planned to only include theatres the tour consists of dates in the United States, England and Portugal. Due to popular demand, new show dates were added in New York and Los Angeles, the same day the tour was announced. On May 20, 2019, the dates for the remaining US cities were announced, on September 9, 2019, San Francisco was added to the itinerary; the day before the tour started, two more shows were added in Miami. Celebrities such as Debi Mazar, Rosie O'Donnell, Spike Lee, Anderson Cooper and Taylor Swift were spotted at various shows at the Brooklyn Academy of Music, while the sisters Kim Kardashian West and Kourtney Kardashian, Katy Perry, Italian soccer player Alessandro Del Piero, winner of 2006 FIFA World Cup, Lil Nas X, Diplo and Swae Lee were present at selected dates at The Wiltern.

Additionally, the current Prime Minister of Cape Verde, Ulisses Correia e Silva, attended one of the concerts to congratulate Madonna for including Batuque music into the show and raising awareness of the art from the African country. Madonna first expressed interest in a smaller-scale show during an interview with BBC News while promoting the Rebel Heart Tour live album in September 2017, she said, "I've done so many shows—world tours, sports arenas, you name it—that I feel like I have to reinvent that now too. I like doing intimate shows and being able to talk directly to the audience."By early May 2019, some media outlets reported that Madonna would announce a tour to support Madame X album, where she would play'super small venues' across the United States, along with a few other more details. Their info was confirmed soon by Madonna herself, who announced it through a comedy video, posted on her social networks, where she was having a hangout with longtime collaborator Diplo. A few days prior to opening night, it was reported she would implement a no-phone policy in order to maximise the intimacy of the show and for people to concentrate on the art itself.

For this policy, Madonna partnered with Yondr, a phone-sealing bag company. However, this has received mixed reactions from fans online; this no-phone policy has been kept for both London batches of gigs. Madonna made the following statement regarding the people who violated the no-camera policy: "Three shows into Madame X and I've enjoyed every minute of this intimate experience! I love looking into the audience and not seeing iPhone's and cameras flashing but instead eyes and happy human faces; however I am mystified and confused by some people who insist on sneaking in second cameras and disregarding my request to not record the show. This request is common at dance concerts, stand up comedy and the opera. People who ignore my request are not allowing themselves to enjoy the show but show a lack of respect and consideration for my wishes. If you can't live without your phone for two hours this experience is not for you."In relation to merchandise, Madonna announced a pop-up shop a week before the first show in New York City.

Additionally, she collaborated with Too Faced cosmetics to release two make-up kits that are inspired by the make-up Madonna will be using during the shows. Madonna begun the tour rehearsals around late May 2019, by doing various workshops, among other stuff, the dancers and arrangements were chosen. By she documented her daily work through her Instagram social account, namely rehearsals. After her performance at Stonewall 50 - WorldPride NYC 2019, the workshops ended, rehearsals went ahead with full choices made; this time, all daily work was being documented not only by Madonna herself, but by her tour crew. Among the numerous videos and pictures that the singer posted, one of these included Madonna, joined by the Orquestra Batukadeiras, rehearsing her 1991 single, "Rescue Me", which had never been performed on a tour; this performance ended up being replaced for a video interlude instead. "Looking for Mercy" and "Rain" were rehearsed but didn’t make the final cut. Additional songs chronicled by her Instagram account that were rehearsed, but axed, included "You Must Love Me", "What It Feels Like for a Girl", "Easy Ride".

"Falling Free" from MDNA has not yet been performed. Around late August and her crew moved tour rehearsals to the BAM Howard Gilman Opera House, to complete the rehearsal process before the tour kicked off; the first three nights of the show at the Brooklyn Academy of Music were met with universal acclaim from critics. Leah Greenblatt from Entertainment Weekly stated, " when the construct of Madame X disappeared, what remained was something simpler and somehow much more satisfying than the equestrian or the cha-cha instructor or the saint: Not just a pop star and perennial provocateur, but an artist in full." Jon Pareles from The New York Times wrote: "As both album and show, "Madame X" is Madonna's latest declaration of a defiant, self-assured, flexible identity that's comfortable with dualities Yes, she is 61, but her music remains determinedly contemporary." Rob Sheffield from Rolling Stone stated, "Madonna has never shied away from taking chances. Thirty years after she set fire to the Eighties with the disco basilica Like a

Azerbaijan (newspaper)

The Azerbaijan is a state-owned newspaper and public journal published by the National Assembly of Azerbaijan. The official newspaper of the ADR government "Azerbaijan" was established in 1918; the government by its order of 3 July 1918, decided on the launch of the publication "the News of Azerbaijani Republic" under its official authority. Thus, the first issue of the "Azerbaijan" newspaper was published as the parliamentary paper on 15 September 1918, on the same day, when the Caucasus Islamic Army freed Baku from Armenian-Bolshevik invasion. One of the editors of the official government newspaper the Azerbaijan was Jeyhun Hajibeyli; the newspaper was published till 28 December 1919 with the signature of Uzeyir Hajibeyli's brother Jeyhun. There is no doubt about his great contribution for the publication of the newspaper. After the collapse of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, Jeyhun Hajibeyli, forced to leave the country and to immigrate to Europe, tried to issue the newspaper there and in 1951 he was able to archive his goal in Munich.

One of the editor-in-chief of the newspaper was Uzeyir Hajibayli. He wrote over 100 articles on politics, economics and education, etc. for the Azerbaijan newspaper. The chief editor of the Russian version of the newspaper was Sefi Bek Rustambeyli; the newspaper was written by Mammad Amin Resulzadeh, Khalil Ibrahim, Farhad Aghazadeh, Ibrahim Gasimov, Mukhamed aga Shahtakhtly, Adil Khan Ziyadkhanov, Alabbas Musnib, Shafiga Efendizadeh. List of newspapers in Azerbaijan Azərbaycan official web site

Claus Daa (1579–1641)

Claus Daa was a Danish admiral and landowner. He served as Admiral of the Realm from 1631 and was awarded the Order of the Elephant in 1633. Daa was born at Ravnstrup manor on Denmark, he was the son of Oluf Daa by his wife Dorthe Henriksdatter Faa née Friis. He went at age 12 went abroad to further his education, he spend most of the time in Geneva. He returned to Denmark for Christian IV's coronation in 1596 but travelled to Switzerland and France the following year where he stayed until 1559, he was a courtier at the royal court from 1600 to 1603. He became a Lieutenant in the heavy cavalry of Jutland in 1609, served with honour in the Kalmar War and was appointed to Ritmester. In 1625, he became a member of the Privy Council. In 1626, he was a war commissioner in Germany and a delegate to the Peace Meeting in Brunsvig but had to return to Denmark in August after falling ill. In 1630, he was one of the members of the Privy Council that endorsed the king to reach a settlement with Hamburg. On 25 July he was appointed to Rigsadmiral.

On 6 August he commanded the fleet that left Copenhagen to make an assault on the Hamburg fleet that blocked Glückstadt. The battle resulted in a withdrawal of the Hamburg ships. In 1631, Daa and Frederik Günther were sent to the Hague, he was to mediate between Great Britain and the Dutch Republic with Spain and negotiate with a British envoy about a continued alliance between Denmark and Great Britain and the payment of subsidies. In 1637, he became general commissioner for Zealand. In 1640, he was once again admiral for the fleet, he died in 1641. In 1606, he acquired Skivehus. In 1613, he exchanged Skivehus for Trondhjemgaard in Norway, it was exchanged for Vestervig in 1620, exchanged for Dragsholm in 1624. He owned Borreby and Holmegaard on Zealand, Fravgdegaard on Funen and Bonderup in Jutland, he constructed a new main building at Holmegaard in 1635. He married Dorthe Henriksdatter Below on 22 April 1604. After her death, he married Ingeborg Valdemarsdatter Parsberg on 2 May 1613, he had 11 children: Dorte Clausdatter Daa Claus Daa, Valdemar Daa Dorte Clausdatter Daa Hilleborg Clausdatter Daa married N.

N. Daa Christian Daa Ide Clausdatter Daa Christian Daa Jørgen Daa Beate Clausdatter Daa Claus Daa