A demonstration is action by a mass group or collection of groups of people in favor of a political or other cause or people partaking in a protest against a cause of concern. It is different from mass meeting. Actions such as blockades and sit-ins may be referred to as demonstrations. Demonstrations can be nonviolent or violent, or can begin as nonviolent and turn violent depending on the circumstances. Sometimes riot police or other forms of law enforcement become involved. In some cases this may be. In other cases, it may be to prevent clashes between rival groups, or to prevent a demonstration from spreading and turning into a riot; the term has been in use since the mid-19th century, as was the term "monster meeting", coined with reference to the huge assemblies of protesters inspired by Daniel O'Connell in Ireland. Demonstrations are a form of activism taking the form of a public gathering of people in a rally or walking in a march. Thus, the opinion is demonstrated to be significant by gathering in a crowd associated with that opinion.
Demonstrations can promote a viewpoint regarding a public issue relating to a perceived grievance or social injustice. A demonstration is considered more successful if more people participate. Research shows that anti-government demonstrations occur more in affluent countries than in poor ones. Historian Eric Hobsbawm wrote of demonstrations: Next to sex, the activity combining bodily experience and intense emotion to the highest degree is the participation in a mass demonstration at a time of great public exaltation. Unlike sex, individual, it is by its nature collective… like sex it implies some physical action—marching, chanting slogans, singing—through which the merger of the individual in the mass, the essence of the collective experience, finds expression. There are many types including a variety of elements; these may include: Marches. Rallies, in which people gather to listen to speakers or musicians. Picketing, in which people surround an area. Sit-ins, in which demonstrators occupy an area, sometimes for a stated period but sometimes indefinitely, until they feel their issue has been addressed, or they are otherwise convinced or forced to leave.
Nudity, in which they protest naked – here the antagonist may give in before the demonstration happens to avoid embarrassment. Demonstrations are sometimes spontaneous gatherings, but are utilized as a tactical choice by movements, they form part of a larger campaign of nonviolent resistance also called civil resistance. Demonstrations are staged in public, but private demonstrations are possible if the demonstrators wish to influence the opinions of a small or specific group of people. Demonstrations are physical gatherings, but virtual or online demonstrations are possible. Topics of demonstrations deal with political and social issues. With controversial issues, sometimes groups of people opposed to the aims of a demonstration may themselves launch a counter-demonstration with the aim of opposing the demonstrators and presenting their view. Clashes between demonstrators and counter-demonstrators may turn violent. Government-organized demonstrations are demonstrations; the Islamic Republic of Iran, the People's Republic of China, Republic of Cuba, the Soviet Union and Argentina, among other nations, have had government-organized demonstrations.
Sometimes the date or location chosen for the demonstration is of historical or cultural significance, such as the anniversary of some event, relevant to the topic of the demonstration. Locations are frequently chosen because of some relevance to the issue at hand. For example, if a demonstration is targeted at issues relating to foreign nation, the demonstration may take place at a location associated with that nation, such as an embassy of the nation in question. Protest marches and demonstrations are a common nonviolent tactic, they are thus one tactic available to proponents of strategic nonviolence. However, the reasons for avoiding the use of violence may derive, not from a general doctrine of nonviolence or pacifism, but from considerations relating to the particular situation, faced, including its legal and power-political dimensions: this has been the case in many campaigns of civil resistance; some demonstrations and protests can turn, at least into riots or mob violence against objects such as automobiles and businesses and the police.
Police and military authorities use non-lethal force or less-lethal weapons, such as tasers, rubber bullets, pepper spray, tear gas against demonstrators in these situations. Sometimes violent situations are caused by the preemptive or offensive use of these weapons which can provoke, destabilize, or escalate a conflict; as a known tool to prevent the infiltration by agents provocateurs, the organizers of large or controversial assemblies may deploy and coordinate demonstration marshals called stewards. Freedom of assembly in Brazil is granted by art. 5th, item XVI, of the Constitution of Brazil: Constitution of Brazil – Text in English. Freedom of assembly in the Russian Federation is granted by Art. 31 of the Constitution adopted in 1993: Citizens of the Russian Federation shall have the right to gather
LaVal's myotis is a species of bat found in Brasil and Paraguay. This species was described from the Myotis nigricans complex in 2011, based on museum collections from 3 localities in northeastern Brazil. On, additional studies confirmed Myotis lavali as a species, highlight the co-occurrence with M. nigricans in several locations. This species was recorded in the Brazilian states of Pernambuco, Piauí, Ceará and the north-eastern and south-western parts of Paraguay. Specimens were observed in different ecosystems such as deciduous forests, Cerrado and Gran Chaco, up to 900 meters of altitude. Moratelli, R. Peracchi, A. L. Dias, D. & de Oliveira, J. A. 2011. Geographic variation in South American populations of Myotis nigricans, with the description of two new species. Mammalian Biology-Zeitschrift für Säugetierkunde, 76, 592-607. Moratelli, R. & Wilson, D. E. 2013. Distribution and natural history of Myotis lavali. Journal of Mammalogy, 94, 650-656
Justice League: Gods and Monsters Chronicles is a 2015 animated superhero web series featuring Justice League characters from DC Comics. It first aired on June 8, 2015, on Machinima, a multi-channel network, was developed by DC Entertainment, Warner Bros. Animation, Blue Ribbon Content; the series serves as a companion to the animated film Justice League: Monsters. The first season consisted of three episodes and concluded on June 12, 2015. Although Machinima and Warner Bros. announced that the series was renewed for a second season, scheduled to be released in 2016 and have ten episodes, series creator Sam Liu reported that the series was shelved until things are worked out and that he is working on other projects. This web series takes place in the alternate reality of Justice League: Monsters; each of the initial three episodes showcases one of the film's major characters: Batman and Wonder Woman. Michael C. Hall as Kirk Langstrom / Batman Benjamin Bratt as Hernan Guerra / Superman Tamara Taylor as Bekka / Wonder Woman Paget Brewster as Lois Lane Daniel Hagen as Doctor Sivana Penny Johnson Jerald as President Amanda Waller Josh Keaton as White House Aide, Kobra Guard Tahmoh Penikett as Steve Trevor Tara Strong as Harlequin, Brainiac Bruce Thomas as Kobra Wes Gleason – Casting and Voice Director The series of shorts which debuted on the Machinima YouTube channel, which were developed to tie into the 2015 animated film Justice League: Gods and Monsters.
These shorts ran the month before the release of the film and each episode focuses on one of the three main characters: Batman and Wonder Woman. The first season's three episodes were released on June 8, 10, 12, 2015; the series is the first collaboration between Warner Bros. and Machinima, following the former's investment of $18 million in Machinima in March 2014. The series is the first production of Blue Ribbon Content, a digital content production unit of Warner Bros. formed in 2014 and led by president of Warner Bros. Animation Sam Register. Justice League: Gods and Monsters Chronicles on IMDb
Garry Cobain is a British electronic musician, one half of The Future Sound of London. He lives in France. Cobain was born on 16 May 1967 in Bedford, he left Bedford for Manchester in his late teens to study at a time when alternative music in that part of Britain was taking off. Cobain, drawn to the city by bands like The Chameleons and The Smiths, embraced this atmosphere and joined a band he had seen rehearsing in a studio and stayed with them for a year. After meeting Dougans they both started discussing their shared interest in electronic music and began to work together on small projects, his first big collaboration with Dougans was on "Stakker Humanoid", which went on to be a chart hit at a time when acid house in particular was becoming popular. The pair released their first single as The Future Sound of London "Papua New Guinea" which became a hit in clubs across Britain and the States, they signed with Virgin Records but remained independent artistically, something they have always fought for and achieved.
Cobain has always been the more vocal member of the band and always speaks for them in interviews with Dougans sometimes interjecting on a certain point. The new incarnation of Amorphous Androgynous is much Cobain's new vehicle for the expression of his energy whilst still releasing their more electronic-based music as FSOL, he has stated that he is influenced philosophically by Laozi and Jiddu Krishnamurti and that he likes the bands Secret Chiefs 3, Mercury Rev and Simian among many others. Garry Cobain discography at Discogs An in-depth interview with him from 2006
Yang Kui was a prominent writer in Japanese Taiwan. Raised in Japanese-language schools, he went to the Japanese mainland, where he experienced both persecution and acceptance by Japanese communists. Under these influences he became a proletarian novelist. After World War II, he was imprisoned by the Kuomintang government from 1949 to 1961. After being released from prison, he had to learn the Chinese language from his granddaughter Yang Tsui, as Japanese had been the common language of Taiwan until the time of his imprisonment, his most famous work is The Newspaper Man, first written in Japanese as Shimbun Haitatsu Fu and re-written in Chinese by Yang after his imprisonment, as 送報夫. Written in Japanese, it is the story of a young Taiwanese student struggling to make money as a newspaper delivery boy. Yang Kui Literature Memorial Museum "The Indomitable Rose-- The Yang Kui Literary Memorial Hall," Taiwan Culture Portal, 15 May 2007 "壓不扁的玫瑰" by Yang K'uei Huang, Joyce. "Standing Up to Everyone".
Taipei Times. P. 11. 楊逵文學的流變佮伊的意義. Yee, Angelina C.. "Writing the Colonial Self: Yang Kui's Texts of Resistance and National Identity". Chinese Literature: Essays, Reviews. 17: 111. Doi:10.2307/495556
Jessica Hecht is an American actress and singer, who played Gretchen Schwartz on Breaking Bad, Susan Bunch on Friends and has made numerous Broadway appearances. Hecht was born in Princeton, New Jersey, the daughter of Lenore, a psychotherapist, Richard Hecht, a physicist; when she was three, Jessica moved with her sister to Bloomfield, Connecticut. Following the divorce of her parents, her mother remarried when Jessica was twelve and her sister Elizabeth was fourteen, they were brought up by her mother and her step-father Howard Iger, a psychiatrist, who had custody of his children, age five, Russell, age three. In 1987, Hecht graduated from the NYU Tisch School of the Arts, earning a Bachelor of Fine Arts in Drama. Hecht has made appearances in television shows such as Dickinson, Bored to Death, Red Oaks, Jessica Jones, The Loudest Voice, Succession. In 2020, she played Sonya Barzel on The Sinner and was nominated for an Emmy in 2019 for her role as Karen in the Netflix series Special. Hecht is known for her roles as Gretchen Schwartz on Breaking Bad and Susan Bunch, the wife of Ross Geller's ex-wife, Carol Willick on Friends.
She was a featured cast member in the Jonathan Silverman sitcom The Single Guy. Hecht had the supporting role of Amy Burns in the comedy-drama Dan in Real Life, with Steve Carell and Juliette Binoche, she appeared in Whatever Works directed by Woody Allen, A Beautiful Day in the Neighborhood. Hecht was nominated for a Tony Award for Best Featured Actress for her role in A View from the Bridge on Broadway with Scarlett Johansson and Liev Schreiber, which wrapped on April 4, 2010. In 2012, she performed on Broadway with Jim Parsons in Harvey. In 2016, Hecht performed the role of Golde in the 2015 Bartlett Sher-directed revival of Fiddler on the Roof at the Broadway Theatre and The Price, opposite Mark Ruffalo, in 2017. In 2018 she won an Obie for her performance in Admissions at Lincoln Center. With producer Jenny Gersten, she runs The Campfire Project, a theatre based wellness project that creates plays in refugee camps. Hecht has been married to Adam Bernstein, a film director, since 1995, they have two children together and Carlo Bernstein.
Hecht was raised in a "pretty secular" Jewish household. Jessica Hecht on IMDb