Novgorodsky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the twenty-one in Novgorod Oblast, Russia. It is located in the southwest of the oblast and borders with Tosnensky District of Leningrad Oblast in the north, Chudovsky District in the northeast, Malovishersky District in the east, Krestetsky District in the southeast, Shimsky District in the southwest, Batetsky District in the west, with Luzhsky District of Leningrad Oblast in the northwest. In the south, the district is limited by Lake Ilmen; the area of the district is 4,600 square kilometers. Its administrative center is the city of Veliky Novgorod. Population: 57,673 . In terms of both area and population, this is the largest district in Novgorod Oblast; the district is located in the Ilmen Lowlands and is crossed by the Volkhov River from southwest to northeast, dividing the district into equal areas. All rivers in the district drain into Lake Ilmen or into the Volkhov River and its main tributaries, including the Polist, the Vishera, the Tigoda.
A large portion of the Lake Ilmen coast belongs to Novgorodsky District. The biggest tributary of Lake Ilmen within the district is the Msta. Woods occupy the area of 2,400 square kilometers, more than a half of the total area of the district; the Volkhov River served as a major waterway, a part of the trade route from the Varangians to the Greeks, since medieval times. The city of Novgorod was one of the leading political and cultural centers of East Slavs since the 9th century, its immediate vicinities were within the current boundaries of the district. Novgorod lands extended far to the northeast to the Arctic Ocean. In the end of the 15th century, Novgorod was annexed by the Grand Duchy of Moscow. From that time, Novgorod lands were subdivided into pyatinas, the banks of the Volkhov, including the current area of the district, were a part of Vodskaya Pyatina. In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the territory was included into Ingermanland Governorate.
In 1727, separate Novgorod Governorate was split off. In 1776, the area was transferred to Novgorod Viceroyalty. In 1796, the viceroyalty was renamed Novgorod Governorate; the area was a part of Novgorodsky Uyezd. In the 1810s and 1820s, military settlements were organized in Novgorod Governorate, in accordance with the project designed by Aleksey Arakcheyev, an influential statesman; the first area transferred to the military administration was Vysotskaya Volost of Novgorodsky Uyezd. Some other areas of Novgorodsky Uyezd were transferred to the military administration as well; the military settlements, were proven inefficient. The military administration was abolished in 1856. In 1922, Krestetsky Uyezd of Novgorod Governorate was abolished and split between Novgorodsky and Valdaysky Uyezds. In 1927, a number of ethnic German and Latvian selsoviets were created in the uyezd. In August 1927, the governorates and uyezds were abolished. Novgorodsky District, with the administrative center in the city of Novgorod, was established within Novgorod Okrug of Leningrad Oblast effective October 1, 1927.
It included parts of former Novgorodsky Uyezd. On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were abolished, the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast; the city of Novgorod was a part of the district until August 1930, when it was elevated in status to that of a city of oblast significance. On September 20, 1931, Medvedsky District was merged into Novgorodsky District. On January 1, 1932, a part of abolished Mstinsky District was merged into Novgorodsky District. On February 15, 1935, parts of Novgorodsky District were transferred to newly established Shimsky District. On March 11, 1941, parts of abolished Mstinsky District, merged into Novgorodsky District in 1932, were returned to Mstinsky District. Between August 14, 1941 and February 3, 1944, parts of Novgorodsky District was occupied by German troops. On July 5, 1944, Novgorodsky District was transferred to newly established Novgorod Oblast, where it remained since. On February 1, 1963, the district was transformed into Novgorodsky Rural District in the course of the Nikita Khrushchev's abortive administrative reform.
This was reverted on January 12, 1965. Effective October 1, 1927, Medvedsky District with the administrative center in the selo of Medved was established as well as a part of Novgorod Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. On September 20, 1931, Medvedsky District was merged into Novgorodsky District. Effective October 1, 1927, Bronnitsky District with the administrative center in the selo of Bronnitsa was established as a part of Novgorod Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. On March 11, 1931, the selo of Bronnitsa was renamed Msta, the district was renamed Mstinsky. On January 1, 1932, Mstinsky District was abolished and split between Novgorodsky and Krestetsky Districts. On March 11, 1941, Mstinsky District was re-established, it included parts of Krestetsky District. The administrative center of the district was located in Proletariy. Between October and December 1941, minor parts of Mstinsky District were occupied by German troops. On July 5, 1944, Mstinsky District was transferred to newly established Novgorod Oblast.
On February 1, 1963, Mstinsky District was merged into Novgorodsky Rural District. After a sequence of administrative reforms, the area of former Mstinsky District was split between No
Saint Petersburg Governorate
Saint Petersburg Governorate, or Government of Saint Petersburg, was an administrative division of the Tsardom of Russia, the Russian Empire, the Russian SFSR, which existed during 1708–1927. Ingermanland Governorate was created from the territories reconquered from the Swedish Empire in the Great Northern War. In 1704 prince Alexander Menshikov was appointed as its first governor, in 1706 it was first Russian region designated as a Governorate. According to the Tsar Peter the Great's edict as on December 29, 1708, the whole Russia was split into eight Governorates. In the same year Ingermanland Governorate was further expanded to encompass the regions of Pskov and other towns of Western Russia; as with the rest of the governorates, neither the borders nor internal subdivisions of Ingermanland Governorate were defined. By another edict on June 3, 1710, the governorate was renamed St. Petersburg Governorate after the newly founded city of Saint Petersburg, in 1721 the former Swedish Duchy of Ingria, parts of the County of Kexholm and the County of Viborg and Nyslott were formally ceded to Russia by the Treaty of Nystad.
After the Treaty of Åbo in 1743, the parts of Kexholm and Viborg were joined with new territorial gains from Sweden into the Governorate of Vyborg. From August 18, 1914 to January 26, 1924 it was named Petrograd Governorate, during 1924-1927 — Leningrad Governorate, it was abolished on August 1927 when modern Leningrad Oblast was created. Prince Aleksandr Menshikov 12 October 1702 – May 1724 Pyotr Apraksin May 1724 – January 1725 Prince Aleksandr Menshikov January 1725 – 8 September 1727 Jan Sapieha 1727 – 1728 Burkhard Christoph von Münnich January 1728 – 1734 War Governor Nikolai Golovin 1742 Peter Lacy 1743 Vasily Repnin 1744 Stepan Ignatiev 1744 Boris Yusupov 1749 Prince Mikhail Golitsin 1752 – 1754 Peter August of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck 1762 Ivan Neplyuyev 1762 – 1764 Ivan Glebov 1767 Prince Aleksander Golitsin October 1769 – 8 October 1783 Jacob Bruce 1784 – 6 October 1791 Aleksander Romanov 6 October 1791 – 1797 War Governor Nikolai Arkharov 6 October 1791 – November 1796, until 15 June 1797 acting General Governor Fyodor Buksgevden June 1797 – August 1798 Pyotr von der Pahlen 8 August 1798 – 30 June 1801, until 25 August 1800 acting, from 24 March 1801 War Governor Mikhail Kutuzov 30 July 1801 – 9 September 1802 War Governor Mikhail Kamenskiy 27 August 1802 – 16 November 1802 War Governor Pyotr Tolstoy 28 November 1802 – 25 January 1803 War Governor Andrey Budberg 25 January 1803 – 17 February 1803 War Governor Pyotr Tolstoy 28 November 1802 – 10 September 1805 War Governor Nikolai Svechin 1803 – 1806 Sergey Vyazmitinov 10 September 1805 – 12 January 1808 War Governor Prince Dmitry Lobanov-Rostovskiy 12 January 1808 – 2 February 1809 Alexander Balashov 14 February 1809 – 9 April 1810 Sergey Vyazmitinov 10 November 1816 – 31 August 1818 War General Governor Mikhail Miloradovich 31 August 1818 – 15 December 1825 War General Governor Pavel Golenishchev-Kutuzov 27 December 1825 – 19 February 1830 War General Governor Pyotr Essen 17 February 1830 – 14 February 1842 War General Governor Aleksander Kavelin 14 February 1842 – 19 April 1846 War General Governor Matvey Khrapovitskiy 7 April 1846 – 31 March 1847 War General Governor Dmitry Shulgin 3 May 1847 – 1 January 1855 War General Governor Aleksander Stroganov 1854 War Governor Pavel Ignatiev 28 December 1854 – 16 November 1861 War General Governor Aleksandr Suvorov-Rymnikskiy 16 November 1861 – 16 May 1866 War General Governor Iosif Gurko April 1879 – February 1880 General Grösser February 1880 - 12 January 1905 Dmitry Trepov 12 January 1905 – 14 April 1905 acting General Governor Fyodor Apraksin 1712 – 1723 Vasily Saltykov 21 January 1734 – October 1740 Prince Yakov Shakhovskoy October 1740 – November 1740 Prince Vasily Nesvitsky 23 July 1761 – 17 April 1764 Stepan Ushakov 21 April 1764 – 21 April 1773 Stepan Perfiliev 22 September 1773 – 10 September 1774 Karl Ungern-Sternverg 12 September 1774 – 25 July 1779 Dmitry Volkov 4 August 1779 – 1780 Ustin Potapov 4 August 1780 – 1 January 1784 Pyotr Tarbeev 1 April 1784 – 18 March 1785 Pyotr Konovnitsin 18 March 1785 – 2 September 1793 Nikita Ryleev 2 September 1793 – 9 June 1797 Ivan Alekseev 9 June 1797 – 28 August 1797 Ivan Grevens 28 August 1797 – 21 December 1798 Dmitry Glinka 22 December 1798 – 2 March 1800 Prokopy Mishchersky 7 March 1800 – 1 June 1800 Nikolay Khotyaintsev 1 June 1800 – 5 June 1801 Pyotr Pankratiev 5 June 1801 – 19 July 1802 Sergey Kushnikov 19 July 1802 – 28 October 1804 Pyotr Paseviev 28 October 1804 – 31 January 1808 Mikhail Mikhailovich Bakunin 31 January 1808 – 14 July 1816 Semyon Shcherbinin 15 August 1816 – 23 November 1826 Aleksandr Bezobrazov 25 November 1826 – 27 January 1829 Ivan Khrapovitskiy 27 January 1829 – 11 December 1835 Mikhail Zhemchuzhnikov 11 December 1835 – 30 December 1840 Vasily Sheremetev 10 January 1841 – 28 June 1843 Nikolay Zhukovskiy 10 August 1843 – 8 April 1851 Pyotr Donaurov 8 April 1851 – 7 April 1855 Nikolai Smirnov 7 April 1855 – 1 January 1861 Aleksandr Bobrinsky 12 January 1861 – 13 March 1864 Vladimir Skaryatin 20 March 1864 – 1 January 1865 Lev Perovskiy 1 January 1865 – 22 July 1866, until 22 July 1865 acting Nikolay Levashov 22 July 1866 – 8 May 1871 Iosif Lutkovskiy 9 May 1871 – 2 September 1880, until 30 March 1873 acting Fyodor Trepov 1873 - 1878 Sergey Tol 2 September 1880 – May 1903 Aleksandr Zinoviev 6 March 1903 – January 1911 Aleksandr Adlerberg 9 January 1911 – 18 August 1914 Served as chair of the Assembly of Nobility Alexander Kurakin 1780 – 1783 Adam Olsufiev 1783 –
Russian Census (2010)
The Russian Census of 2010 is the first census of the Russian Federation population since 2002 and the second after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Preparations for the census began in 2007 and it took place between October 14 and October 25; the census was scheduled for October 2010, before being rescheduled for late 2013, citing financial reasons, although it was speculated that political motives were influential in the decision. However, in late 2009, Prime Minister Putin announced that the Government of Russia allocated 10.5 billion rubles in order to conduct the census as scheduled. Results showed the population to stand at 142.9 million. Since the previous 2002 census, population had decreased by 2.3 million. According to the 2010 census, urban population is 105.3 million, rural population is 37.5 million. The urbanisation rate is 73.7%. The median age is 38 years; the ethnic composition is dominated by Russians. Demographics of Russia Russian Census 2010 final results Results of 2010 All-Russia population census Official website of the 2010 Census
Novgorod Oblast is a federal subject of Russia. Its administrative center is the city of Veliky Novgorod; some of the oldest Russian cities, including Veliky Novgorod and Staraya Russa, are located in the oblast. The historic monuments of Veliky Novgorod and surroundings have been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Population: 634,111. Novgorod Oblast borders with Leningrad Oblast in the north and in the northwest, Vologda Oblast in the east, Tver Oblast in the southeast and in the south, Pskov Oblast in the southwest; the western part is a lowland around Lake Ilmen. The highest point is Mount Ryzhokha in the Valdai Hills. In the center of the oblast is Lake Ilmen, one of the largest lakes in Central Russia; the major tributaries of Lake Ilmen are the Msta, which originates in the east of the Valdai Hills and collects the rivers in the east of the oblast, the Lovat, the Pola, the Polist, which all flow to the lake from the south, the Shelon, flowing from the southwest. The only outflow of the lake is a major tributary of Lake Ladoga.
All of the oblast belongs to the river basin of the Volkhov. The exceptions are the northwest, which belongs to the river basin of the Luga, a tributary of the Baltic Sea, the north, belonging to the basin of the Syas, another tributary of Lake Ladoga, the east, which belongs to the basin of the Mologa, a tributary of the Volga, the south, belonging to basins of various tributaries of the upper Volga River. Sorted by the discharge, the biggest rivers of the oblast are the Volkhov, the Mologa, the Msta, the Lovat, the Syas, the Shelon; the south and the southeast of the oblast contain one of the largest lake districts in European Russia. The biggest lake in the area, Lake Seliger, is divided between Tver Oblasts. Other big lakes in the area include Lake Valdayskoye, Lake Shlino, Lake Velyo, Lake Piros, Lake Meglino. Two areas in Novgorod Oblast have been designated as protected natural areas of federal significance; these are Valdaysky National Park in the southeast of the oblast, protecting the lake district and related ecosystems and cultural landscapes, Rdeysky Nature Reserve in the southwest of the oblast, which protects the Polist-Lovat Swamp System and is adjacent to Polistovsky Nature Reserve in Pskov Oblast.
Novgorod was one of the oldest centers of Russian civilization. It lay on the historical trade route from the Varangians to the Greeks, which followed the Volkhov upstream to Lake Ilmen and thence followed the course of the Lovat before reaching the Dnieper River. Novgorod is indicated in the chronicles as the site where Rurik settled and founded the Rurik Dynasty in 862. Subsequently Rurik's successor, moved the capital to Kiev, but Novgorod continued to play an important role until the 15th century. In 1136, Novgorod evicted the prince and became the center of the Novgorod Republic, which included the major part of what is northwestern Russia, it was an example of a medieval republic, in which decisions were taken by veche - a meeting of the city population - and the prince was elected.. Novgorod linked the river routes of Baltic, Central Asian regions, all parts of European Russia and flourished as one of the most important trading centres of eastern and northern Europe, it was part of the Hanseatic League which connected it to Northern Europe.
Novgorod was one of the few areas of Rus not affected by the Mongol invasions. It was an important cultural center, the majority of monuments preserved in Russia from the 11th through the 14th century are those standing in Veliky Novgorod. Towards the end of the 15th century Novgorod was defeated by the army of Ivan III, the prince of Moscow, was included into the Grand Duchy of Moscow. In 1560, Ivan the Terrible, fearing treason, sent his army to sack the city; this event, known as the Massacre of Novgorod, had catastrophic consequences for the city, which lost the majority of its population and never recovered. Additionally, in the beginning of the 17th century, during the Time of Troubles, as Novgorod was plundered by the Swedish army. December 29, 1708 Tsar Peter the Great issued an edict; the present area of Novgorod oblast was a part of Ingermanland Governorate, renamed Saint Petersburg Governorate in 1710. In 1727, a separate Novgorod Governorate was established, it was subdivided into five provinces, the current area of Novgorod Oblast was split between two of them - Novgorod and Velikiye Luki Provinces.
In 1772, Velikiye Luki Province was transferred to newly established Pskov Governorate. In 1775, Novgorod Governorate was transformed to Novgorod Viceroyalty, in 1777, Pskov Governorate was transformed to Pskov Viceroyalty. In 1796, both governorates were re-established. By the 1920s, most of the area of current Novgorod Oblast belonged to Novgorod Governorate. Before the 19th century, the areas around Novgorod were better developed than the areas which are located in the center and the east of the oblast. In 1851, Moscow – Saint Petersburg Railway, the first long-distance railway in Russia, opened, it bypassed Novgorod as it was built on a straight line between Saint Petersburg. The railway construction lead to the development of the adjacent areas and to creation of new towns such as Malaya Vishera and Chudovo. On, the railroads between Sonkovo and Saint Petersburg, as well as between Bologoye and Pskov, a number of connecting lines, were constructed. On August 1, 1927 the governora
Soviet Census (1989)
The 1989 Soviet census, conducted between 12-19 January of that year, was the last one that took place in the former USSR. The census found the total population to be 286,730,819 inhabitants. In 1989, the Soviet Union ranked as the third most populous in the world, above the United States, although it was well behind China and India. In 1989, about half of the Soviet Union's total population lived in the Russian SFSR, one-sixth of them in Ukraine. Two-thirds of the population was urban, leaving the rural population with 34.3%. In this way, its gradual increase continued, as shown by the series represented by 47.9%, 56.3% and 62.3% of 1959, 1970 and 1979 respectively. The last two national censuses showed that the country had been experiencing an average annual increase of about 2.5 million people, although it was a slight decrease from a figure of around 3 million per year in the previous intercensal period, 1959-1970. This post-war increase had contributed to the USSR's partial demographic recovery from the significant population loss that the USSR had suffered during the Great Patriotic War, before it, during Stalin's Great Purge of 1936-1938.
The previous postwar censuses, conducted in 1959, 1970 and 1979, had enumerated 208,826,650, 241,720,134, 262,436,227 inhabitants respectively. In 1990, the Soviet Union was more populated than both the United States and Canada together, having some 40 million more inhabitants than the U. S. alone. However, after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in late 1991, the combined population of the 15 former Soviet republics stagnated at around 290 million inhabitants for the period 1995-2000; this significant slowdown may in part be due to the remarkable socio-economic changes that followed the disintegration of the USSR, that have tended to reduce more the decreasing birth rates. The next census was planned for 1999. Demographics of the Soviet Union Republics of the Soviet Union Soviet Census First All-Union Census of the Soviet Union Soviet Union Barbara A. Anderson and Brian D. Silver, "Growth and diversity of the population of the Soviet Union", The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 510, No.
1, 155-177, 1990. Ralph S. Clem, Ed. Research Guide to Russian and Soviet Censuses, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1986. John C. Dewdney, "Population change in the Soviet Union, 1979-1989," Geography, Vol. 75, Pt. 3, No. 328, July 1990, 273-277. Subjects of Russia, on the www.statoids.com website
Malovishersky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the twenty-one in Novgorod Oblast, Russia. It is located in the north of the oblast and borders with Kirishsky District of Leningrad Oblast in the north, Lyubytinsky District in the east, Okulovsky District in the southeast, Krestetsky District in the south, Novgorodsky District in the west, with Chudovsky District in the northwest; the area of the district is 3,280.98 square kilometers. Its administrative center is the town of Malaya Vishera. Population: 17,785 ; the population of Malaya Vishera accounts for 70.1% of the district's total population. The district belongs to the basin of the Volkhov River; the rivers in the north of the district drain into the Oskuya River, a right tributary of the Volkhov. The Msta River, a major tributary of Lake Ilmen, crosses the southern part of the district; the rivers in the center and in the south of the district drain into the Msta. The western part of the district lies in the basin of the Vishera River a left tributary of the Volkhov.
The Bolshaya Vishera River and the Malaya Vishera River form together the Vishera at the western border of the district. The Msta River was an important waterway since at least the 10th century, since it connected Novgorod with the basins of the Volga and the Northern Dvina. In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was included into Ingermanland Governorate. In 1727, separate Novgorod Governorate was split off. In 1776, the area was transferred to Novgorod Viceroyalty. In 1796, the viceroyalty was abolished, the area was transferred to Novgorod Governorate; the development of the area was accelerated after the construction of the Moscow – Saint Petersburg Railway in 1851. In particular, Malaya Vishera was founded as a settlement serving the railway station, developed into a regional trading center. In 1918, Malaya Vishera was granted town status; the territory of the modern district was a part of Krestetsky Uyezd of Novgorod Governorate. In 1920, Malovishersky Uyezd was established, in 1922, Krestetsky Uyezd was abolished and split between Malovishersky and Novgorodsky Uyezds.
In August 1927, the governorates and uyezds were abolished. Malovishersky District, with the administrative center in the town of Malaya Vishera, was established within Novgorod Okrug of Leningrad Oblast effective October 1, 1927, it included parts of former Malovishersky Uyezd. On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were abolished, the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast. During World War II, between October 23 and December 22, 1941, parts of Malovishersky District, including the town of Malaya Vishera, were occupied by German troops. On July 5, 1944, Malovishersky District was transferred to newly established Novgorod Oblast, where it remained since. On February 1, 1963, the district was transformed into Malovishersky Industrial District in the course of the Nikita Khrushchev's administrative reform, with its rural territory merged into Okulovsky and Novgorodsky Rural Districts. On January 12, 1965, Malovishersky District was re-established. In the past, the economy of Malaya Vishera was dependent on the glass-making factory, the factory was experiencing serious difficulties in the 1990s and the first decade of the 2000s.
The economy of the district relies on timber industry, food industry, production of instruments. There is peat production; as of 2011, sixteen farms were involved in agriculture, breeding cattle, growing potatoes and vegetables. The Moscow – Saint Petersburg Railway crosses the district from south to north; this was the first long-distance railway constructed in Russia, opened in 1851, built in a straight line. The main railway station in the district is Malaya Vishera, a terminal station for suburban trains from Okulovka, St. Petersburg; the district has a developed road network. In particular, Malaya Vishera is connected with Lyubytino; the Msta is listed as navigable downstream from the selo of Mstinsky Most. However, there is no navigation on the Msta within the limits of the district; the district contains 2 cultural heritage monuments of federal significance and additionally 118 objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance. Both federal monuments are archaeological sites.
The only museum in the district is the Malaya Vishera District Museum, located in Malaya Vishera. The museum exhibits collections of local interest. Новгородская областная Дума. Областной закон №559-ОЗ от 11 ноября 2005 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Новгородской области», в ред. Областного закона №730-ОЗ от 26 февраля 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Областной закон "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Новгородской области"». Вступил в силу 1 января 2006 г. Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №75, 23 ноября 2005 г.. Администрация Новгородской области. Постановление №121 от 8 апреля 2008 г. «Об реестре административно-территориального устройства области», в ред. Постановления №408 от 4 августа 2014 г. «О внесении изменений
Yazhelbitsy is a village in Valdaysky District of Novgorod Oblast, located on the M 10 highway 75 miles south-east of Veliky Novgorod. It is most famous as the site of the 1456 Treaty of Yazhelbitsy between Grand Prince Vasily II and Novgorod the Great, in which Novgorod's political independence was curtailed. Failure to abide by the treaty led to Novgorod's defeat at Shelon River in 1471 and its final subjugation by Moscow in 1478. Новгородская областная Дума. Областной закон №559-ОЗ от 11 ноября 2005 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Новгородской области», в ред. Областного закона №730-ОЗ от 26 февраля 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Областной закон "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Новгородской области"». Вступил в силу 1 января 2006 г. Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №75, 23 ноября 2005 г.. Администрация Новгородской области. Постановление №121 от 8 апреля 2008 г. «Об реестре административно-территориального устройства области», в ред. Постановления №408 от 4 августа 2014 г.
«О внесении изменений в реестр административно-территориального устройства области». Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №49–50, 16 апреля 2008 г