Suntrana is an unincorporated community in eastern Denali Borough, United States. It is located within the census-designated place of Healy, it lies along the George Parks Highway south of the city of Anderson, on the northeastern edge of Denali National Park and Preserve. Its elevation is 1,463 feet. Located along the right bank of the Healy River, Suntrana lies 3½ miles east of Healy, the county seat of the Denali Borough; the town and mine at Suntrana no longer exist, the site of company housing is now reforested, no remains of the mine, power house or old tipple complex remains. Suntrana first appeared on the 1940 U. S. Census as an unincorporated village. In 1980, it was made a census-designated place. In 1990, the CDP was dissolved and was attached to Healy CDP
Southeast Fairbanks Census Area, Alaska
Southeast Fairbanks Census Area is a census area located in the U. S. state of Alaska. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,029, it therefore has no borough seat. Its largest communities are unincorporated CDPs. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the census area has a total area of 25,059 square miles, of which 24,769 square miles is land and 291 square miles is water. Fairbanks North Star Borough, Alaska – Northwest Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area, Alaska – North Valdez-Cordova Census Area, Alaska – South Matanuska-Susitna Borough, Alaska – Southwest Denali Borough, Alaska – West Yukon Territory, Canada – East Tetlin National Wildlife Refuge Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Wrangell-Saint Elias Wilderness Yukon-Charley Rivers National Preserve As of the census of 2000, there were 6,174 people, 2,098 households, 1,506 families residing in the census area; the population density was 0.25 people per square mile. There were 3,225 housing units at an average density of 0.13/sq mi. The racial makeup of the census area was 78.99% White, 1.98% Black or African American, 12.71% Native American, 0.68% Asian, 0.15% Pacific Islander, 0.73% from other races, 4.76% from two or more races.
2.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 4.29% reported speaking an Athabaskan language at home, while 4.02% speak Russian, 3.76% Ukrainian, 2.34% Spanish. There were 2,098 households out of which 39.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.20% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.20% were non-families. 23.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.34. In the census area the population was spread out with 32.80% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 27.80% from 25 to 44, 25.70% from 45 to 64, 6.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 107.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.60 males. Delta Junction Eagle List of airports in the Southeast Fairbanks Census Area Census Area map, 2000 census: Alaska Department of Labor Census Area map, 2010 census: Alaska Department of Labor Media related to Southeast Fairbanks Census Area, Alaska at Wikimedia Commons
Borough (United States)
A borough in some U. S. states is a unit of local government or other administrative division below the level of the state. The term is used in six states: A type of municipality: Connecticut, New Jersey and Pennsylvania A subdivision of a consolidated city, corresponding to another present or previous political subdivision: New York and Virginia In Alaska only, a borough is a county-equivalent. In Alaska, the word "borough" is used instead of "county". Like counties, boroughs are administrative divisions of the state; each borough in Alaska has a borough seat, the administrative center for the borough. The Municipality of Anchorage is a consolidated city-borough, as are Sitka, Juneau and Yakutat. Nearly half of the state's area, however, is part of the vast Unorganized Borough, which has no borough-level government at all; the United States Census Bureau has divided the Unorganized Borough into ten census areas for statistical purposes. In addition to cities, Connecticut has another type of dependent municipality known as a borough.
Boroughs are the populated center of a town that decided to incorporate in order to have more responsive local government. When a borough is formed, it is still dependent on its town. There are nine boroughs in Connecticut. One borough, Naugatuck, is coextensive and consolidated with its town; the other eight boroughs, such as Woodmont, have jurisdiction over only a part of their town. Boroughs in Connecticut are counted as separate municipal governments, but governmental functions performed in other parts of the state by town governments are performed by the parent town of the borough. In Michigan, the term borough only applied to Mackinac Island from February 2, 1817, to March 25, 1847; the Borough government was established by William Henry Puthuff after the island was proclaimed as U. S. territory in the War of 1812. The borough government was replaced by a village government in 1847. In Minnesota, "borough" was applied to one municipality, Belle Plaine, from 1868 to 1974. In New Jersey, boroughs are independent municipalities and are one of five types of municipal government, each operating separately at the equivalent level of the other four types of municipal government available in New Jersey: Township, Town and Village.
Many boroughs were formed out of larger townships, but in such cases there is no continuing link between the borough and the township. Most boroughs were formed during the Boroughitis phenomenon of the mid-1890s. New York City is divided into five boroughs: Brooklyn, Queens, the Bronx, Staten Island; each of these is coterminous with a county: Kings County, New York County, Queens County, Bronx County, Richmond County, respectively. There are no county governments within New York City for executive purposes; the powers of the boroughs are inferior to the powers of the citywide government, but each borough elects a borough president, who in turn appoints some members of local community boards. The boroughs of New York City are treated as separate counties for judicial purposes and for some legal filings. Boroughs do not exist in any other part of the state of New York. In Pennsylvania's state laws that govern classes of municipalities, the term "borough" is used the way other states sometimes use the word "town."
A borough is a self-governing entity, smaller than a city. If an area is not governed by either a borough or city the area is governed as a township. Villages or hamlets are unincorporated and have no municipal government, other than the township in which they are found. By tradition, as recognized by publications of the state government, the only incorporated town in Pennsylvania is Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania In August 2005, there were 961 boroughs in the state. In Virginia, under Code of Virginia § 15.2-3534, when multiple local governments consolidate to form a consolidated city, the consolidated city may be divided into geographical subdivisions called boroughs, which may be the same as the existing cities, counties, or portions of such counties. Those boroughs are not separate local governments. For example, Chesapeake is divided into six boroughs, one corresponding to the former city of South Norfolk and one corresponding to each of the five magisterial districts of the former Norfolk County.
In Virginia Beach, the seven boroughs were abolished effective July 1, 1998
To cities, towns, charter townships and boroughs. The term can be used to describe municipally owned corporations. Municipal incorporation occurs when such municipalities become self-governing entities under the laws of the state or province in which they are located; this event is marked by the award or declaration of a municipal charter. A city charter or town charter or municipal charter is a legal document establishing a municipality, such as a city or town. In Canada, charters are granted by provincial authorities; the Corporation of Chennai is the oldest Municipal Corporation in the world after UK. The title "corporation" was used in boroughs from soon after the Norman conquest until the Local Government Act 2001. Under the 2001 act, county boroughs were renamed "cities" and their corporations became "city councils". After the Partition of Ireland, the corporations in the Irish Free State were Dublin, Cork and Waterford and Drogheda, Sligo and Wexford. Dún Laoghaire gained borough status in 1930 as “The Corporation of Dun Laoghaire".
Galway's borough status, lost in 1840, was restored in 1937. The New Zealand Constitution Act 1852 allowed municipal corporations to be established within the new Provinces of New Zealand; the term fell out of favour following the abolition of the Provinces in 1876. In the United States, such municipal corporations are established by charters that are granted either directly by a state legislature by means of local legislation, or indirectly under a general municipal corporation law after the proposed charter has passed a referendum vote of the affected population. Under the enterprise meaning of the term, municipal corporations are "organisations with independent corporate status, managed by an executive board appointed by local government officials, with majority public ownership"; some MOCs rely on revenue from user fees, distinguishing them from agencies and special districts funded through taxation, although this is not always the case. Municipal corporation follows a process of externalization that requires new skills and orientations from the respective local governments, follow common changes in the institutional landscape of public services.
They are argued to be more efficient than bureaucracy but have higher failure rates because of their legal and managerial autonomy. Unincorporated area German town law Municipal incorporationA Brief Summary of Municipal Incorporation Procedures by State - University of Georgia Characteristics and State Requirements for Incorporated Places - United States CensusMunicipal disincorporation / dissolutionDissolving Cities - University of California, Berkeley Municipal Disincorporation in California - California City Finance
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Alaska is a U. S. state in the northwest extremity of North America, just across the Bering Strait from Asia. The Canadian province of British Columbia and territory of Yukon border the state to the east and southeast, its most extreme western part is Attu Island, it has a maritime border with Russia to the west across the Bering Strait. To the north are the Chukchi and Beaufort seas—southern parts of the Arctic Ocean; the Pacific Ocean lies to southwest. It is the largest U. S. state by the seventh largest subnational division in the world. In addition, it is the most sparsely populated of the 50 United States. Half of Alaska's residents live within the Anchorage metropolitan area. Alaska's economy is dominated by the fishing, natural gas, oil industries, resources which it has in abundance. Military bases and tourism are a significant part of the economy; the United States purchased Alaska from the Russian Empire on March 30, 1867, for 7.2 million U. S. dollars at two cents per acre. The area went through several administrative changes before becoming organized as a territory on May 11, 1912.
It was admitted as the 49th state of the U. S. on January 3, 1959. The name "Alaska" was introduced in the Russian colonial period when it was used to refer to the Alaska Peninsula, it was derived from an Aleut-language idiom. It means object to which the action of the sea is directed. Alaska is the northernmost and westernmost state in the United States and has the most easterly longitude in the United States because the Aleutian Islands extend into the Eastern Hemisphere. Alaska is the only non-contiguous U. S. state on continental North America. It is technically part of the continental U. S. but is sometimes not included in colloquial use. S. called "the Lower 48". The capital city, Juneau, is situated on the mainland of the North American continent but is not connected by road to the rest of the North American highway system; the state is bordered by Yukon and British Columbia in Canada, to the east, the Gulf of Alaska and the Pacific Ocean to the south and southwest, the Bering Sea, Bering Strait, Chukchi Sea to the west and the Arctic Ocean to the north.
Alaska's territorial waters touch Russia's territorial waters in the Bering Strait, as the Russian Big Diomede Island and Alaskan Little Diomede Island are only 3 miles apart. Alaska has a longer coastline than all the other U. S. states combined. Alaska is the largest state in the United States by total area at 663,268 square miles, over twice the size of Texas, the next largest state. Alaska is larger than all but 18 sovereign countries. Counting territorial waters, Alaska is larger than the combined area of the next three largest states: Texas and Montana, it is larger than the combined area of the 22 smallest U. S. states. There are no defined borders demarcating the various regions of Alaska, but there are six accepted regions: The most populous region of Alaska, containing Anchorage, the Matanuska-Susitna Valley and the Kenai Peninsula. Rural unpopulated areas south of the Alaska Range and west of the Wrangell Mountains fall within the definition of South Central, as do the Prince William Sound area and the communities of Cordova and Valdez.
Referred to as the Panhandle or Inside Passage, this is the region of Alaska closest to the rest of the United States. As such, this was where most of the initial non-indigenous settlement occurred in the years following the Alaska Purchase; the region is dominated by the Alexander Archipelago as well as the Tongass National Forest, the largest national forest in the United States. It contains the state capital Juneau, the former capital Sitka, Ketchikan, at one time Alaska's largest city; the Alaska Marine Highway provides a vital surface transportation link throughout the area, as only three communities enjoy direct connections to the contiguous North American road system. Designated in 1963; the Interior is the largest region of Alaska. Fairbanks is the only large city in the region. Denali National Park and Preserve is located here. Denali is the highest mountain in North America. Southwest Alaska is a sparsely inhabited region stretching some 500 miles inland from the Bering Sea. Most of the population lives along the coast.
Kodiak Island is located in Southwest. The massive Yukon–Kuskokwim Delta, one of the largest river deltas in the world, is here. Portions of the Alaska Peninsula are considered part of Southwest, with the remaining portions included with the Aleutian Islands; the North Slope is tundra peppered with small villages. The area is known for its massive reserves of crude oil, contains both the National Petroleum Reserve–Alaska and the Prudhoe Bay Oil Field; the city of Utqiagvik known as Barrow, is the northernmost city in the United States and is located here. The Northwest Arctic area, anchored by Kotzebue and containing the Kobuk River valley, is regarded as being part of this region. However, the respective Inupiat of the No
McKinley Park, Alaska
Denali Park McKinley Park, is a census-designated place in Denali Borough, in the U. S. state of Alaska. As of the 2010 census, the population of the CDP was 185, up from 142 at the 2000 census. Denali Park is located at 63°39′5″N 148°49′20″W, it is in the valley of the Nenana River along the eastern edge of Preserve. The park's main visitor center is located along the main road into the park, just to the west of the CDP's limits; the George Parks Highway is the main road through the CDP: Anchorage is 231 miles to the south, Fairbanks is 128 miles to the north. According to the United States Census Bureau, the Denali Park CDP has a total area of 176.5 square miles, of which 176.3 square miles is land and 0.2 square miles, or 0.14%, is water. Denali Park, the known as McKinley Park, first reported on the 1930 U. S. Census as an unincorporated village, it continued to report until 1960. It did not report in 1970, it has returned in every census since 1980. With the restoration of the name of Mount McKinley to Denali made official in 2015, McKinley Park's name was changed to Denali Park.
As of the census of 2000, there were 142 people, 72 households, 31 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 0.8 people per square mile. There were 167 housing units at an average density of 1.0/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 92.96% White, 0.70% Native American, 2.82% from other races, 3.52% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.41% of the population. There were 72 households out of which 15.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.3% were married couples living together, 2.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 55.6% were non-families. 41.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 1.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.97 and the average family size was 2.78. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 16.9% under the age of 18, 3.5% from 18 to 24, 43.0% from 25 to 44, 33.1% from 45 to 64, 3.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years.
For every 100 females, there were 153.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 145.8 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $53,750, the median income for a family was $64,583. Males had a median income of $56,250 versus $31,250 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $27,255. About 8.6% of families and 11.5% of the population and 8.6% of families were below the poverty line, including 32.0% of those under the age of 18 and none of those 65 and older