Misfits of Science
Misfits of Science is an American superhero fantasy television series that aired on NBC from October 1985 to May 1986. The show concerned their madcap adventures; the team is formed by Dr. Billy Hayes, a research scientist at the Humanidyne Institute who specializes in "human anomalies", he works with shrinking Dr. Elvin "El" Lincoln, together they recruit electrically powered Johnny Bukowski, a rock-and-roll musician, Gloria Dinallo, a telekinetic teen. A double-length pilot and 15 additional episodes were created; the name "Misfits of Science" and other conceptual ideas were the brainchild of then-president of NBC Entertainment, Brandon Tartikoff. He said of the show ``. It's loosely inspired by the dynamics we saw in Ghostbusters... sort of a kick-back, Friday type of show." In France, the series was known as Superminds, in Germany, as Die Spezialisten unterwegs, in Brazil, as "Curto-Circuito", in Mexico, Colombia and rest of Latín-América as Los Cientificos Rebeldes. Episode 9 was the first paid writing job for Tim Kring, who originated and produced the thematically similar Heroes in 2006.
The main title sequence and its theme song were unusual for TV shows of the era. Donald Todd, head writer and story editor, described them as follows: The main titles are fun. It's still kind of... it's forward-looking. Jim was forward-looking in many ways, we fought a lot about that, but it starts off with Bobby Short doing the theme, there's the kicking over of the TV and into the more contemporary version of the theme, he was trying to say, "We're not doing that show, we're doing this show, it's more hip." And I remember the people at Universal going, "Why don't you do it without the TV? We don't like the TV!" And I don't think. I think. It's a cheap thing, it's just a guy playing piano and a foot kicking over a TV, but it was controversial, because back nobody did anything interesting with the main titles. You just showed the characters sliding into frame, but I remember, pretty cool. And Jim wrote it. Dean Paul Martin as Dr. Billy Hayes, the non-powered leader of the team, he is a young research scientist at the Humanidyne Institute who specializes in "human anomalies" and a fast-talking but good-hearted schemer full of boyish enthusiasm who gets the team into as much trouble as he gets them out of.
Although distracted whenever an attractive woman walks by, he is interested in getting involved in a serious relationship with Jane Miller after she showed up pregnant by another man. Kevin Peter Hall as Dr. Elvin "El" Lincoln, Billy's colleague and close friend, he is a towering man who gives himself the ability to shrink for minutes at a time from his height of seven-foot-four to eleven inches via hormonal treatments which he activates by pressing a nerve on the back of his neck. A recurring joke after such transformations is that he always has to put on the tiny change of clothes he carries with him for his small size; the character is shy and struggles and despite being so tall he is a poor basketball player. Mark Thomas Miller as Johnny "Johnny B" Bukowski, a rock-and-roll musician, electrocuted on stage, thus giving him formidable electrical powers, he continually drains any electrically charged items in his surroundings, forcing him to live in isolation. He wears sunglasses because his eyes glow when he is charged.
He can hurl lightning bolts and run at superhuman speed outracing in one episode a parody of the Six Million Dollar Man, but he is vulnerable to water which short circuits him and burns his flesh. He is a big Chuck Berry fan, in the pilot singing "Johnny B. Goode". Courteney Cox as Gloria Dinallo, a troubled telekinetic teen with a history of juvenile delinquency and a mother in a mental institution who claims Gloria's father is from outer space, she has a crush on Johnny. Gloria can only use her telekinesis on things that she can see: using a blindfold on her renders her powerless. Diane Civita as Miss Nance, the scientists' secretary. Although she seems more interested in doing her nails, going on her coffee break, watching her soap operas, she is the one who keeps their department running and is always there at the end of the show to turn off the lights and say good-night to the bunnies in their cages. Jennifer Holmes as Jane Miller, Gloria's probation officer. Although attracted to Billy, she is put off by his eccentric behavior.
Her character appears only in the earlier episodes. Max Wright as Dick Stetmeyer, the uptight director of the Humanidyne Institute. Unlike the other cast members, he is not considered to be one of the Misfits. Mickey Jones as Arnold "Beef"/"Ice Man" Beifneiter, who got his power to freeze anything he touches from placing himself in an experimental cryogenic suspended animation unit back in 1937 due to grief caused by the loss of his beloved Amelia Earhart; the team drives around in an ice-cream truck because the lumbering and now rather simple-minded Ice Man dies if he gets too warm, so they keep him in the freezer. Beef only appears in the pilot episode due to legal objections from Marvel Comics who published a similarly-named character in X-Men, but the characters continue to use the ice-cream truck. On January 25, 2008, the series was released in Germany as a five-disc DVD box set with all episodes (including the final episode, unaired on NBC but bro
Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band (film)
Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band is a 1978 British-American musical comedy film directed by Michael Schultz and written by Henry Edwards; the film tells the loosely constructed story of a band as they wrangle with the music industry and battle evil forces bent on stealing their instruments and corrupting their home town of Heartland. The film is presented in a form similar to that of a rock opera, with the songs providing "dialogue" to carry the story. Only George Burns has spoken lines that act to provide further narration; the film's soundtrack, released as an accompanying double album, features new versions of songs written and performed by the Beatles. The film draws from two of the band's albums, 1967's Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band and 1969's Abbey Road; the film covers all of the songs from the Sgt. Pepper album with the exceptions of "Within You, Without You" and "Lovely Rita", includes nearly all of Abbey Road; the production was loosely adapted from Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band on the Road, a 1974 off-Broadway production directed by Tom O'Horgan.
Upon the film's release, it was both a critical and commercial failure. The film was produced by Robert Stigwood, founder of RSO Records, who had earlier produced Saturday Night Fever. RSO Records released the soundtrack to the film Grease in 1978, which had Barry Gibb producing and Peter Frampton playing lead guitar on the title track. In 1976, the Bee Gees had recorded three Beatles cover songs, "Golden Slumbers / Carry That Weight", "She Came In Through the Bathroom Window" and "Sun King", for the musical documentary All This and World War II; the Beatles' former producer, George Martin, served as musical director, conductor and producer of the film's soundtrack album. Before the film's release, Robin Gibb of the Bee Gees announced: "There is no such thing as the Beatles now, they don't exist as a band and never performed. When ours comes out, it will be, in effect, as if theirs never existed." Mr. Kite, the elderly mayor of the wholesome small town of Heartland, recounts the history of Heartland's celebrated marching band, Sgt.
Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band, which brought happiness through its music causing troops in World War I to stop fighting. When its bandleader died during a performance in August 1958, he left the band's magical musical instruments to the town, as long as they remain in Heartland, people will live ever after; the City Hall contains the instruments and is topped with a Magical Weather Vane in the shape of a marching band trumpeter that foresees good and ominous developments. The bandleader left his musical legacy to his handsome and good-hearted grandson, Billy Shears, who forms a successor Sgt. Pepper's band with his best friends the Hendersons. Billy's jealous and money-hungry stepbrother, serves as the band's manager. Heartland loves the new band, soon record company executive B. D. invites them to Hollywood with the promise of a record deal. Billy bids farewell to his Strawberry Fields. Once in Hollywood, B. D. gets the naive band to sign an exploitative contract by plying them with drugs and alcohol and getting sexy singers Lucy and the Diamonds to seduce them.
Lucy starts an affair with Billy. The band succeeds with hit records and sold-out shows. Meanwhile, the villain Mr. Mustard and his henchman the Brute drive to Heartland in their computer- and robot-equipped van. Mustard gets his orders via computer from a mysterious entity called F. V. B. who directs him to steal the magical instruments from City Hall, keep the drum, bring the other instruments to them and others. Mustard does. Without the instruments, now under Mustard's control degenerates into a hotbed of vice and urban decay. Strawberry travels to Hollywood, manages to find Billy and the band at a recording session, tells them of Heartland's plight; the band and Strawberry use its computer to locate the stolen instruments. They manage to recover the cornet from the deranged, money-driven anti-aging specialist Dr. Maxwell Edison, the tuba from mind-controlling cult leader Father Sun, the drum, which Mustard kept in his van. However, the computer malfunctions; as Heartland continues to deteriorate, the band plans a benefit concert to save the town.
B. D. Lucy and Dougie go along with the plan. Dougie and Lucy, who have bonded over their shared love of money, plot to steal the show proceeds and run off, to that end hide the bags of money in Mustard's van while Billy and the Hendersons are watching Earth, Wind & Fire perform at the benefit. Mustard and the Brute arrive and take back the van, which contains the recovered instruments, they kidnap Strawberry, with whom Mustard has fallen in love from afar, drag her into the van, drive off with Dougie and the money hidden on board. Billy and the Hendersons see the van pursue it in the town's hot air balloon. Mustard drives to F. V. B.'s headquarters where F. V. B. plans to take over the world. It is revealed that F. V. B. Stands for "Future Villain Band", an Orwellian hard-rock band in contrast to the wholesomeness of Sgt. Pepper's band. F. V. B. is described as "the evil force that would poison young minds, pollute the environment, subvert the democratic process".
Parker Lewis Can't Lose
Parker Lewis Can't Lose is an American teen sitcom that aired on FOX from September 1990 to June 1993. During the last season, the series sported the simpler title Parker Lewis; the series was produced by Columbia Pictures Television and depicts the tribulations of the title character Parker Lewis, a Santo Domingo High School student, for whom nothing is impossible. It was influenced by the feature film Ferris Bueller's Day Off. In competition, NBC debuted the film's TV spinoff Ferris Bueller, but it only lasted 13 episodes though it aired during the same month as Parker Lewis; the title character Parker Lewis narrates in shows. Just like his best friends Jerry Steiner and Mikey Randall and Parker's girlfriend Annie Sloan, his prime concern is achieving and maintaining coolness. However, their efforts are thwarted by Parker's little sister Shelly and principal Grace Musso. Apart from various aspects of teenage life, embedded in a surreal, living-cartoon-like quality and the clever camera angles and filming techniques, an episode contains more or less subtle references to movies and celebrities.
The surrealism was toned down in the series' final season, with Parker acknowledging this fact by breaking the 4th wall and'canceling' a dissolving pixel scene. The 3,100 students at Santo Domingo High School are called Flamingos, after their school mascot, the school motto is "E Pluribus Flamingus" mimicking the famous USA's motto E Pluribus Unum. Parker Lloyd Lewis – A smart guy with a penchant for garish shirts and cutting classes, Parker has a plan up his sleeve, in turn it involves outsmarting someone else. Plans put into effect begin with the command: "Synchronize Swatches." Parker is famous for his catch phrase, "Not a problem," which he says when faced with trouble. He and his two "buds" have their high-tech headquarters hidden above the gym. In the final season, Parker settles down with one girl and appears more mature and less reliant on his "Not a problem" attitude. Michael Patrick "Mikey" Randall – A rock and roll rebel without a cause and by far the most driven of the trio, he quotes or paraphrases famous songs.
Mikey at one point considered dropping out of school at Santo Domingo HS when a prank by Shelly causes Mikey to unknowingly play a love song he composed for a girl for whom he had feelings to be broadcast before the entire school, resulting in embarrassment for him. Jerry Steiner – A stereotypical nerd, in the first two seasons, he wears a trench coat from which he produces any object imaginable fixed inside with Velcro, he addresses everyone formally by last name, e.g. "Mr. Lewis", "Mr. Randall", "Mr. Kubiac", or collectively as "sirs". At the end of the credits of the pilot episode, Jerry hid in the locker next to Parker's, talking endlessly to Parker through the door, not knowing that he had left, causing him to plaintively call out: "Mr. Lewis? Mr. Randall? Mr. Phillips? Hello?" Jerry is known to sometimes utter eek! Like a mouse when in danger. One notable episode dealt with Parker and Mikey confiscating Jerry's trench coat for him to stop hiding and get to know a female nerd as a potential girlfriend.
Grace Musso – Principal of Santo Domingo High, she is Parker's arch-nemesis. She wants to get Parker expelled, she breaks the glass on her office door when she makes her distinctive "thumb swoosh" gesture. She has a racy side, sometimes exposed, she was portrayed as a spinster at first, but seemed to have a skill in men, one time having dated an officer of each of the armed forces. She has many secrets which she would rather be kept quiet, such as living in a $600,000 house on a $38,000 a year salary, which Parker uses as the necessity arises. However, Parker's blackmail ideas have sometimes backfired on him; when a tougher principal is brought in to replace her, Parker cannot handle it going "from bad to worse", works to get Musso reinstated. Shelly Ann Lewis – Parker's other nemesis, she is his little sister, who attends the same school as a freshman, she tries to get Parker into trouble. Shelly teams up with Musso if she sees a chance to ruin Parker. Most of the time, she is on friendly terms with Jerry and the two seem to end up in a constant relationship at the end of the series.
Her favorite saying is: "My brother is a dead man!" Whenever she finds an opportunity to bring Parker into an embarrassing situation. She has a tendency to call out "Mom!" when Parker gets one over on her, as seen at the start or end of various programs. Martin Lloyd "Marty" Lewis – Parker's father, he owns a video rental store called Mondo Video with his wife, is helped by Parker and Shelly on weekends, he tries hard to keep some of the coolness that he had in his own school days when he was a self-described "young hoodlum". It is shown that he graduated from Santo Domingo High School, as well, had two friends who were similar to Jerry and Mikey. Martin had played mean pranks on Grace Musso, a classmate of h
Police Story (1973 TV series)
Police Story is an anthology television crime drama that aired on NBC from 1973 through 1978. The show was created by author and former police officer Joseph Wambaugh and was described by The Complete Directory of Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows as "one of the more realistic police series to be seen on television." It was produced by Mel Swope. Although it was an anthology, there were certain things; the setting was always Los Angeles and the characters always worked for some branch of the LAPD. Notwithstanding the anthology format, there were some recurring characters. During the first three seasons, Scott Brady appeared in sixteen episodes as "Vinnie," a former cop who, upon retirement, had opened a bar catering to police officers, who acted as a sort of Greek chorus during the run of the series, commenting on the characters and plots. Others who appeared more than once were Tony Lo Bianco and Don Meredith, each making five appearances as Robbery-Homicide Division partners Tony Calabrese and Bert Jameson, four of these appearances being in the same episodes.
Vice officer turned. Chuck Connors and Jackie Cooper starred in various episodes, as different characters on both sides of the law; the anthology format allowed the series to depict a wider variety of police activities and experiences than was usual in police dramas. In addition to detectives investigating major crimes, or patrol officers patrolling high crime beats, the show depicted newly hired cadets trying to make it through the academy, woman officers trying to fit into a male-dominated profession, traffic officers investigating accidents, officers dealing with marital difficulties or alcohol dependence, fingerprint techs trying to develop suspects from a single print, high-ranking administrators dealing with the stresses of command in a major metropolitan police force, officers adjusting to permanent physical disabilities caused by on-duty injuries, officers trying to juggle two different jobs to make enough money to support their families; the anthology format allowed the show to try out characters and settings for series development, during its broadcast run, Police Story generated three spin-offs.
A first-season episode, "The Gamble," starring Angie Dickinson, became the pilot for the successful Police Woman, which ran from 1974 to 1978. "The Return of Joe Forrester," a second-season episode starring Lloyd Bridges, was developed into the weekly series Joe Forrester, which lasted a full season. "A Chance to Live," a special episode from the fifth season starring David Cassidy, was spun off into the series Man Undercover. That series didn't do as well, lasted only ten episodes. In seasons because of the expense of maintaining the anthology format on a weekly basis, Police Story became a series of irregularly scheduled TV movies. Police Story was a precursor to shows such as NBC's Hill Street Blues, Law & Order, ABC's NYPD Blue, NBC's Homicide: Life on the Street and FX's The Shield Numerous actors, sports figures, radio personalities and former real-life cops who were familiar to audiences in the 1960s and 1970s made appearances on the series, including Claude Akins, Edward Albert, Robert Alda, Loni Anderson, Tige Andrews, Michael Ansara, Pedro Armendariz Jr. Desi Arnaz Jr. Ed Asner, John Astin, Frankie Avalon, Jim Backus, Diane Baker, Kaye Ballard, Martin Balsam, Sandy Baron, Noah Beery, Jr. Edgar Bergen, Carl Betz, Joan Blondell, Danny Bonaduce, Lloyd Bridges, Jim Brown, Robert Brown, Dick Butkus, Edd Byrnes, Godfrey Cambridge, Joseph Campanella, Jack Carter, David Cassidy, Dennis Cole, Michael Cole, Dabney Coleman, Gary Collins, Chuck Connors, Mike Connors, Bert Convy, Jackie Cooper, James Cromwell, Brandon Cruz, Robert Culp, Cesare Danova, Kim Darby, James Darren, Clifton Davis, Angie Dickinson, Kevin Dobson, David Doyle, Howard Duff, Patty Duke, Vince Edwards, Eddie Egan, Richard Egan, Chad Everett, Shelley Fabares, Norman Fell, Mel Ferrer, Glenn Ford, John Forsythe, Joe Garagiola, Christopher George, Louis Gossett Jr. Harold Gould, Robert Goulet, David Groh, Clu Gulager, Larry Hagman, George Hamilton, Earl Holliman, Rodolfo Hoyos, Jr. Robert Ito, David Janssen, Russell Johnson, Gordon Jump, Gabe Kaplan, Lenore Kasdorf, Casey Kasem, Sally Kirkland, Cheryl Ladd, Steve Lawrence, Michael Learned, Jerry Lee Lewis, Cleavon Little, Tony Lo Bianco, Gary Lockwood, Tina Louise, John Lupton, Robert Mandan, George Maharis, Darren McGavin, Donna Mills, Martin Milner, Sal Mineo, Cameron Mitchell, Ricardo Montalban, Vic Morrow, Diana Muldaur, Don Murray, Tony Musante, France Nuyen, Hugh O'Brian, Donald O'Connor, Freda Payne, Joanna Pettet, Paul Picerni, Della Reese, Pernell Roberts, Smokey Robinson, Alex Rocco, John Russell, Kurt Russell, Albert Salmi, Joe Santos, John Saxon, William Schallert, Martha Scott, William Shatner, Gregory Sierra, Sylvester Stallone, Stella Stevens, Dean Stockwell, Rufus Thomas, Jan-Michael Vincent, Gary Vinson, John Vivyan, Robert Walden, Dennis Weaver, Stuart Whitman, Larry Wilcox, Cindy Williams, Fred Williamson, Lana Wood and James Woods Two episodes received an Edgar Award from the Mystery Writers of America for Best Episode in a Television Series: "Requiem for an Informer," written by Sy Salkowitz, "Requiem for C.
Z. Smith," by Robert L. Collins. In 1976
Alfred Hitchcock Presents (1985 TV series)
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, sometimes called The New Alfred Hitchcock Presents, is an American anthology series that aired on NBC from 1985 to 1986, on the USA Network from 1987 to 1989. The series is an updated re-imagining of the 1955 series of the same name; the series aired 76 episodes. In 1985, NBC aired a new made-for-television film based upon the series, combining newly filmed stories with colorized footage of Alfred Hitchcock from the original series introducing each segment; the film was a ratings success. A new Alfred Hitchcock Presents series debuted in the fall of 1985 and retained the same format as the film – newly filmed stories with colorized introductions by Hitchcock; the new series lasted only one season before NBC cancelled it, but it was produced for three more years by USA Network. Ned Beatty – Larry Broome Lee Ving – Curt Venner Tony Frank – Sheriff Noakes John Huston – Carlos/Narrator Melanie Griffith – Girl Annette O'Toole – Stella Bruce Davison – Betty Ames/Baker Richard Lineback - Billy Steven Bauer - Gambler Tippi Hedren - Waitress Kim Novak - Rosa Gail Youngs - Amanda's Mother Lyman Ward - Uncle Jack Bill Mumy - Supermarket Clerk Jonathan Goldsmith - Manager Helena Kallianiotes - Maria Kyprianov Melissa Sue Anderson – Laura Donovan, Julie Fenton Karen Allen - Jackie Foster Richard Anderson - Tom Northcliff Susan Anton - Diane Lewis John Aprea - Fisher Vaughn Armstrong - Marine Elizabeth Ashley - Karen Lawson / Kate Lawson Harvey Atkin – Sam Wicks Tom Atkins - Police Lieutenant Barbara Babcock - Cissie Enright Brian Bedford – Sherlock Holmes, Stewart Dean Dirk Benedict - Dr. Rush Robby Benson – Ed Sandra Bernhard - Karen Tony Bill - Steve Yannick Bisson – Ty Roger Aaron Brown - Joe Chandler Lee Bryant - Phyllis James T. Callahan - Everett Rory Calhoun – Jimmie Thurson Virginia Capers - Ruth Timothy Carhart - Rick Robert Carradine - Jerry Bernie Casey - Bernie David Cassidy – Joey Mitchell Kim Novak – Rosa Shaun Cassidy – Dale Thurston Michael Paul Chan - Denning Linden Chiles - Judge David Clennon - Professor John Tate John Colicos – Carter Talbot Lewis Collins - Bill Stewart Mike Connors – Robert Logan Nicolas Coster - Phil Ronny Cox - Sam Medwick Jonathan Crombie - Rick Garrison Christopher Crowe - Surgeon Brett Cullen - Cooper Jennifer Dale - Betty Jo Bennington Tim Daly - Scott Blackie Dammett - Doug Brad Davis - Arthur Danny Dayton - Buzzy Carelli George DiCenzo - Defence Attorney Gill Dennis - Dr. Leon Borofsky Sandy Dennis - Helen Shirley Douglas - Monica Logan David Dukes - Dr. Tom Rigby Griffin Dunne - Knoll Steve Eastin - Police Captain Samantha Eggar - Lisa Talbot David James Elliott - Ted Erik Estrada - Vinnnie Pacelli Greg Evigan - David Whitmore Jeff Fahey - Ray Lee Linda Fiorentino - Betsy Van Kennon Darlanne Fluegel - Zoe Ken Foree - Orderly Anthony Franciosa - Morris Conrad Don Francks - Sgt.
Jim Wells Alan Fudge - Wells Andy Garcia – Alejandro Stefan Gierasch - Carl Panchito Gómez - Vernon Bruce Gray – Bryan Holland Harry Guardino - Phil Mansfield Michael C. Gwynne - Bus Driver Arsenio Hall – Cleavon Rich Hall - Edgar / Eddie Mark Hamill – Danny Carlyle Jerry Hardin - Warden Mel Harris - Girlfriend Noel Harrison – Charles Blanchard Peter Haskell - Paul Foley John Heard - Bill Callahan Marilu Henner - Claire Sam Hennings - Patrolman Buck Henry - Walter Lang Edward Herrmann - Dr. Maxwell Stoddard Barbara Hershey - Jessie Dean Art Hindle – Alton Brooks Basil Hoffman - Dr. Michaels Barclay Hope – Harvey Season Hubley - Lena Trent Rif Hutton - Policeman #1 George Innes - Charles Dean Michael Ironside - Lt. Rick Muldoon Herbert Jefferson Jr. - Police Officer Van Johnson – Art Bellasco William Katt - Dr. Burke Yaphet Kotto - Convict Clyde Kusatsu - Detective Martin Landau – Wallace Garrison Robert Lansing - G. William Howe George Lazenby – James Lillian Lehman - Judge Branca Fiona Lewis - Erica Cec Linder – Dr. Hoffman Ernie Lively - Policeman #2 Robert Loggia - Charley Adelle Lutz - Lin Chin Frances Lee McCain - Dr. Marianne Campbell Ann-Marie MacDonald – Denise Tyler Stephen Macht - Carl Cansino Patrick Macnee – Thaddeus Richard Marcus - Levy E. G. Marshall – Charlie Pitt Pamela Sue Martin - Melinda Jensen Lois Maxwell - Ms. Golden Michelle Marsh - Woman in Bookstore David McCallum – Lt. Cavanaugh Sheila McCarthy - Sarah Hollister Doug McClure - Clete Madden Kenneth McMillan - Judge Paul Magrew Neil Munro – David Barclay Stephen Mendel - Simon Carter Anthony Newley – Phil Halloran Laraine Newman - Periwinkle Michael O'Keefe - Art Toomey Amy Sherman-Palladino - Female Student #1 Barry Pearl - Assistant District Attorney Lisa Pelikan - Nurse Ellen Hatch Susan Peretz - Neighbor Michelle Phillips - Katherine Clark Joaquin Phoenix - Pagey Fisher Juanita Pickard - Eunice Pillsbury Cindy Pickett - Marcia Loomis Cliff Potts - Roger Harden Robert Prosky - Dr. Sutton A. Vogel Nicholas Pryor - Mr. Ryan Linda Purl - Lisa Tate Kathleen Quinlan – Karen Wilson Cristina Raines - Julie Randall Kate Reid - Johanna Enright Clive Revill - Hector Gloria Reuben - Pam Marion Ross – Margaret Sturdevant Joseph Ruskin - Dr. Kaufman Mia Sara - Sara Fletcher Michael Sarrazin - Lt. Steven Rykker John Saxon - Garth December Doug Savant - Joey Medwick Dwight Schultz - David Powell Anne Seymour - Esther Carolyn Seymour - Car
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
CHiPs is an American crime drama television series that aired on NBC from September 15, 1977 to May 1, 1983. It followed the lives of two motorcycle officers of the California Highway Patrol; the series ran for 139 episodes over six seasons, plus one reunion TV movie in October 1998. CHiPs is an action crime drama in a standard hour-long time slot, which at the time required 48 minutes of actual programming. Over-the-top freeway pileups, which occurred especially in the seasons, were a signature of the show. For filming, traffic on Los Angeles freeways was non-existent and most chase scenes were done on back roads; the show was created by Rick Rosner, starred Erik Estrada as macho, rambunctious Officer Francis Llewellyn "Ponch" Poncherello and Larry Wilcox as his straitlaced partner, Officer Jonathan Andrew Baker. With Ponch the more trouble-prone of the pair, Jon the more level-headed one trying to keep him out of trouble with the duo's gruff yet fatherly immediate supervisor Sergeant Joseph Getraer, the two were Highway Patrolmen of the Central Los Angeles office of the California Highway Patrol.
As real-life CHP motor officers ride in pairs, in early episodes this was explained away by placing the trouble-prone Ponch on probationary status, with Jon assigned as his field training officer. By the end of the first season, this subplot faded away as audiences were used to seeing the two working as a team. Larry Wilcox as Officer Jonathan Andrew "Jon" Baker / 7-Mary-3, he is the partner of "Ponch". Erik Estrada as Officer Francis Llewelyn "Ponch" Poncherello / 7-Mary-4, he is the partner of Jon. Robert Pine as Sergeant Joseph Getraer / S-4 Lew Saunders as Officer Gene Fritz / 5-David-5 Brodie Greer as Officer Barry "Bear" Baricza / 7-Adam Paul Linke as Officer Arthur "Grossie" Grossman / 7-Mary-5 Lou Wagner as Harlan Arliss, Automobile/Motorcycle Mechanic, CHP Brianne Leary as Officer Sindy Cahill / 7-Charles Randi Oakes as Officer Bonnie Clark / 7-Charles Michael Dorn as Officer Jedediah Turner / 7-David Bruce Jenner as Officer Steve McLeish Tom Reilly as Officer Bobby "Hot Dog" Nelson / 15-Mary-7 Tina Gayle as Officer Kathy Linahan / 7-Mary-10 Bruce Penhall as Cadet/Officer Bruce Nelson / 15-Mary-8 Clarence Gilyard, Jr. as Officer Benjamin Webster / 15-Adam-9 In the fifth season, Estrada went on strike over a dispute over syndication profits.
As a result, he did not appear in seven episodes. Despite their successful pairing on-screen and Estrada did not always get along behind the camera. However, it was Wilcox's falling-out with the producers over what he saw as continual favoritism toward Estrada that saw Wilcox not return for the sixth and final season. Wilcox was replaced by Tom Reilly. Bruce Penhall, a native of Balboa Island, Newport Beach and a motorcycle speedway rider who had won the 1981 and 1982 Speedway World Championships, was introduced as cadet–probationary officer Bruce Nelson, Bobby's younger brother in 1982–83; the season 6 episode "Speedway Fever" centered on Penhall's character Nelson winning the 1982 Speedway World Final at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, with scenes filmed in the pits during the meeting. The episode used television coverage of the final, with dubbed commentary. Penhall admitted that having a bodyguard and having to have makeup done in the pits in full view of his competitors at the World Final only added to the pressure he was under both as a rider and a rookie actor and that it felt weird having to "buddy up to Ponch" in front of the other riders while the World Final was taking place.
In order to become a full-time member of the CHiPs cast, Penhall had announced his retirement from speedway racing on the podium of the 1982 World Final. According to a 1998 TV Guide article, show creator Rick Rosner was a reserve deputy with the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. During a coffee break on an evening patrol shift in the mid-1970s he saw two young CHP officers on motorcycles which gave him the idea for this series, he created 240-Robert, which seemed like a hybrid of CHiPs and Emergency!. Episodes reference Jon Baker's service in Vietnam; this makes his character one of the earliest regular portrayals of a Vietnam veteran on television. Indeed, Larry Wilcox served 13 months in Vietnam as a Marine artilleryman. Despite the Ford Motor Company's credit as a vehicle provider for four of the series' six seasons and trucks were supplied by several manufacturers. All of the police cars were Dodge models, as they were actual CHP cruisers bought at police auction for the show. Although doubles were used for far-off shots and various stunt or action sequences and Estrada did a great deal of their own motorcycle riding, performed many smaller stunts themselves.
Although Wilcox emerged injury-free, Estrada suffered various injuries several times throughout the run of the series. In several early first-season episodes, a huge bruise or scab can be seen on his arm after he was flung from one of the motorcycles and skidded along the ground, but his worst accident came when he was injured in a motorcycle accident while filming a season three episode in August 1979, fracturing several ribs and breaking both wrists. The accident and Estrada's subsequent hospitalization was incorporated into the series' storyline. Prior to being cas