Waukesha County, Wisconsin
Waukesha County is a county in the U. S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 389,891, making it the third-most populous county in Wisconsin, its county seat is Waukesha. Waukesha County is included in the Milwaukee -- Waukesha -- WI Metropolitan Statistical Area; the part of Wisconsin that Waukesha County occupies was a part of Michigan Territory when Milwaukee County was organized in September 1834. On July 4, 1836, the Wisconsin Territory was formed, which included land, now in the state of Minnesota. In January 1846, part of Milwaukee County was split off into Waukesha County. Curtis Reed was the first county chairman; when a vote decided the county seat, Waukesha defeated Pewaukee by two votes. The name is derived from the Potawatomi word for'fox' because the streams in the lower part of the county drain into the Fox River. Waukesha was a New England settlement, Waukesha's founders were settlers from New England Connecticut, rural Massachusetts, New Hampshire and Maine, as well as from upstate New York who were born to parents who had migrated there from New England shortly after the American Revolution.
These people were "Yankees" descended from the English Puritans who settled New England in the 1600s. They were part of a wave of New England farmers who headed west into what was the wilds of the Northwest Territory during the early 1800s. Most arrived as a result of the completion of the Erie Canal as well as the end of the Black Hawk War; when they arrived in what is now Waukesha County, there was nothing but dense virgin forest and wild prairie. The New Englanders built farms, government buildings and established post routes, they brought many of their Yankee New England values, such as a passion for education that led to the establishment of many schools as well as staunch support for abolitionism. They were members of the Congregationalist Church, though some were Episcopalian. Due to the second Great Awakening some converted to Methodism, others became Baptists before moving to what is now Waukesha County. Waukesha, like much of Wisconsin, would be culturally continuous with early New England culture for most of its early history.
In 2011, the initial unofficial statewide tally in a Wisconsin Supreme Court election had Democratic challenger JoAnne Kloppenburg defeating incumbent justice David Prosser by a 204-vote margin. On the Thursday after the election, Waukesha County Clerk Kathy Nickolaus reported, among other smaller errors, a failure to report votes in the Waukesha city of Brookfield; the newly reported votes gave Prosser the lead, he retained his seat. Media reports stemming from this incident referred to the county as "crucial Waukesha County," and as of 2017, the phrase has continued to be used in U. S. political media as an in-joke. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 581 square miles, of which 550 square miles is land and 31 square miles is water; because of its large number of lakes, the northwestern corner of Waukesha County is referred to as "Lake Country" by local residents. It includes Pewaukee, Hartland, Nashotah, Okauchee Lake, Oconomowoc and Lac La Belle. Washington County – north Ozaukee County – northeast Milwaukee County – east Racine County – southeast Walworth County – southwest Jefferson County – west Dodge County – northwest As of the census of 2010, there were 389,891 people, 152,663 households, 108,810 families residing in the county.
The population density was 672 people per square mile. There were 160,864 housing units at an average density of 277 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 93.3% White, 1.3% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 2.7% Asian, 0.0003% Pacific Islander, 1.0% from other races, 1.3% from two or more races. 4.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 152,663 households out of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.7% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.7% were non-families. 23.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.00. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 23.6% from 25 to 44, 31.2% from 45 to 64, 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 96.30 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.90 males. As of the census of 2000, there were 360,767 people, 135,229 households, 100,475 families residing in the county; the population density was 649 people per square mile. There were 140,309 housing units at an average density of 252 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 95.77% White, 0.73% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 1.49% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.87% from other races, 0.90% from two or more races. 2.63% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 44.5% were of German, 9.2% Polish, 7.5% Italian, 7.7% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 94.3% spoke English, 2.2% Spanish and 1.2% German as their first language. There were 135,229 households out of which 35.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.80% were married couples living together, 6.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.70% were non-families. 20.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.08. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.30%
Waukesha is a city in and the county seat of Waukesha County, United States. It is part of the Milwaukee metropolitan area, its population was 70,718 at the 2010 census. The city is adjacent to the Town of Waukesha; the area that Waukesha now encompasses was first settled by European-Americans in 1834, with Morris D. Cutler as its first settler; when the first settlers arrived, there was nothing but wild prairie. The settlers laid out farms, constructed roads, erected government buildings and established post routes; the original founders of Waukesha consisted of settlers from New England Connecticut, rural Massachusetts, New Hampshire and Maine, as well some from upstate New York who were born to parents who had migrated to that region from New England shortly after the American Revolution. These people were "Yankee" settlers, to say they were descended from the English Puritans who settled New England in the 1600s, they were part of a wave of New England farmers who headed west into what was the wilds of the Northwest Territory during the early 1800s.
Most of them arrived as a result of the completion of the Erie Canal as well as the end of the Black Hawk War. When they arrived in what is now Waukesha County there was nothing but dense virgin forest and wild prairie, the New Englanders laid out farms, constructed roads, erected government buildings and established post routes, they brought with them many of their Yankee New England values, such as a passion for education, establishing many schools as well as staunch support for abolitionism. They were members of the Congregationalist Church though some were Episcopalian. Due to the second Great Awakening some of them had converted to Methodism and some had become Baptists before moving to what is now Waukesha County. Waukesha, like much of Wisconsin, would be culturally continuous with early New England culture for most of its early history. By 1846, the area was incorporated as the Town of Prairie Village. On February 8, 1847, the town changed its name to "Waukesha,". On January 10, 1852, the settled area once known as Prairieville was separated from the town of Waukesha, incorporated as a village and in 1896, incorporated as a city.
The first appointed mayor of the newly incorporated city of Waukesha was John Brehm, who served from January to April 1896. Over the years, many believed, that the origin of the name of the city was an Algonquian word meaning "fox" or "little foxes," when in fact "Waukesha" is an Anglicization of the Ojibwe proper name Waagoshag or the Potawatomi name Wau-tsha. Wau-tsha was the leader of the local tribe at the time of the first European settlement of the area; this is confirmed by accounts of an early settler and historian of the region. According to Lapham, the word for "fox" was pishtaka. Cutler told visitors about Wau-tsha, described as "tall and athletic, proud in his bearing and friendly." Matthew Laflin, an early pioneer of Chicago, provided the capital and enterprise that laid the foundation for Waukesha as a famous Wisconsin watering resort and was the proprietor of the grand resort, the Fountain Spring House. Waukesha was once known for its clean and good-tasting spring water and was called a "spa town."
This earned the city the nicknames "Spring City" and "Saratoga of the West."According to author Kristine Adams Wendt, in 1868, Colonel Richard Dunbar, a sufferer of diabetes, chanced upon the medicinal properties of what he named the Bethesda Spring while viewing a parcel of land purchased by his sister. Testimonials found in a Dunbar brochure of 1873 proclaimed. Wendt reports that by 1872, "area newspapers carried accounts of a community ill equipped to handle its new popularity among the suffering multitudes; the semi-weekly Wisconsin of July 31, 1872, reported'that 500 visitors are quartered in hotels and scattered in private families here, seeking benefit from the marvelous waters…'" The "healing waters" were so valued that a controversial attempt was made to build a pipeline between the city and Chicago so that they could be enjoyed by visitors to the 1893 Columbian Exposition. According to Time magazine, "he scheme had been conceived by one Charles Welsh, given the springs by his uncle, but after several miles of pipe were laid, it was discovered that the cost was too great."Richard W. Sears, founder of Sears and Roebuck, may have been attracted to Waukesha by the waters.
In failing health, Sears retired from business in 1908 and, according to The New York Times, "spent his time on his great farm near Waukesha." In 1914, Sears died in Waukesha of Bright's disease. In 1956, Helen Moore, who ran a mud bath spa in Waukesha, appeared as a guest on. Over the years, the natural springs have been spoiled by pollution and a number have gone dry. Water drawn from an aquifer reached radium levels exceeding federal standards. In 2013, Waukesha applied for permission to withdraw water from Lake Michigan; because Waukesha is outside the lake's basin, the 2008 Great Lakes Compact makes the city ineligible to withdraw water from the lake without approval from the governors of Illinois, Michigan, New York, Ohio and Wisconsin. In June, 2016, the governors approved Waukesha's application. One of the most important "firsts" in American sports history occurred in Waukesha on September 5, 1906, when Carroll College hosted the football team from St. Louis University. SLU halfback Bradbury Robinson threw the first legal forward pass in football history in that game.
The Carroll pl
Lutheranism is a major branch of western Christianity that identifies with the teaching of Martin Luther, a 16th century German reformer. Luther's efforts to reform the theology and practice of the church launched the Protestant Reformation; the reaction of the government and church authorities to the international spread of his writings, beginning with the 95 Theses, divided Western Christianity. The split between the Lutherans and the Catholics was made public and clear with the 1521 Edict of Worms: the edicts of the Diet condemned Luther and banned citizens of the Holy Roman Empire from defending or propagating his ideas, subjecting advocates of Lutheranism to forfeiture of all property, half of the seized property to be forfeit to the imperial government and the remaining half forfeit to the party who brought the accusation; the divide centered on two points: the proper source of authority in the church called the formal principle of the Reformation, the doctrine of justification called the material principle of Lutheran theology.
Lutheranism advocates a doctrine of justification "by grace alone through faith alone on the basis of Scripture alone", the doctrine that scripture is the final authority on all matters of faith. This is in contrast to the belief of the Roman Catholic Church, defined at the Council of Trent, concerning authority coming from both the Scriptures and Tradition. Unlike Calvinism, Lutherans retain many of the liturgical practices and sacramental teachings of the pre-Reformation Church, with a particular emphasis on the Eucharist, or Lord's Supper. Lutheran theology differs from Reformed theology in Christology, divine grace, the purpose of God's Law, the concept of perseverance of the saints, predestination; the name Lutheran originated as a derogatory term used against Luther by German Scholastic theologian Dr. Johann Maier von Eck during the Leipzig Debate in July 1519. Eck and other Roman Catholics followed the traditional practice of naming a heresy after its leader, thus labeling all who identified with the theology of Martin Luther as Lutherans.
Martin Luther always disliked the term Lutheran, preferring the term Evangelical, derived from εὐαγγέλιον euangelion, a Greek word meaning "good news", i.e. "Gospel". The followers of John Calvin, Huldrych Zwingli, other theologians linked to the Reformed tradition used that term. To distinguish the two evangelical groups, others began to refer to the two groups as Evangelical Lutheran and Evangelical Reformed; as time passed by, the word Evangelical was dropped. Lutherans themselves began to use the term Lutheran in the middle of the 16th century, in order to distinguish themselves from other groups such as the Anabaptists and Calvinists. In 1597, theologians in Wittenberg defined the title Lutheran as referring to the true church. Lutheranism has its roots in the work of Martin Luther, who sought to reform the Western Church to what he considered a more biblical foundation. Lutheranism spread through all of Scandinavia during the 16th century, as the monarch of Denmark–Norway and the monarch of Sweden adopted Lutheranism.
Through Baltic-German and Swedish rule, Lutheranism spread into Estonia and Latvia. Since 1520, regular Lutheran services have been held in Copenhagen. Under the reign of Frederick I, Denmark–Norway remained Catholic. Although Frederick pledged to persecute Lutherans, he soon adopted a policy of protecting Lutheran preachers and reformers, the most significant being Hans Tausen. During Frederick's reign, Lutheranism made significant inroads in Denmark. At an open meeting in Copenhagen attended by the king in 1536, the people shouted. Frederick's son Christian was Lutheran, which prevented his election to the throne upon his father's death. However, following his victory in the civil war that followed, in 1537 he became Christian III and advanced the Reformation in Denmark–Norway; the constitution upon which the Danish Norwegian Church, according to the Church Ordinance, should rest was "The pure word of God, the Law and the Gospel". It does not mention the Augsburg Confession; the priests had to understand the Holy Scripture well enough to preach and explain the Gospel and the Epistles for their congregations.
The youths were taught from Luther's Small Catechism, available in Danish since 1532. They were taught to expect at the end of life: "forgiving of their sins", "to be counted as just", "the eternal life". Instruction is still similar; the first complete Bible in Danish was based on Martin Luther's translation into German. It was published with 3,000 copies printed in the first edition. Unlike Catholicism, the Lutheran Church does not believe that tradition is a carrier of the "Word of God", or that only the communion of the Bishop of Rome has been entrusted to interpret the "Word of God"; the Reformation in Sweden began with Olaus and Laurentius Petri, brothers who took the Reformation to Sweden after studying in Germany. They led elected king in 1523, to Lutheranism; the pope's refusal to allow the replacement of an archbishop who had supported the invading forces opposing Gustav Vasa during the Stockholm Bloodbath led to the severing of any official connection between Sweden and the papacy in 1523.
Four years at the Diet of Västerås, the king succeeded in forcing the diet to accept his dominion over the national church. The king was given possession of all church properties, as well as the church appointments and approval of the clergy. While this granted official sanction to Lutheran ideas, Lutheranism did not become official until 1593. At that time the Uppsa
Mount Pleasant, Wisconsin
Mount Pleasant is a village in Racine County, United States. It is located 30 miles south of Milwaukee and 60 mi north of Chicago; as of the 2010 census, the village's population was 26,197. The community was established as the Town of Mount Pleasant in 1842 when a small group of residents met to organize the settlement. In 1972, Mount Pleasant adopted its zoning ordinance, which established significant locally controlled development. On September 16, 2003 Mount Pleasant incorporated as a village following a referendum passed by the residents. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 35.35 square miles, of which, 33.73 square miles of it is land and 1.62 square miles is water. Local Area Code is 262; as of the census of 2010, there were 26,197 people, 11,136 households, 7,395 families residing in the village. The population density was 776.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 11,827 housing units at an average density of 350.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 86.0% White, 6.7% African American, 0.2% Native American, 2.1% Asian, 2.9% from other races, 2.0% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.3% of the population. There were 11,136 households of which 26.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.9% had a male householder with no wife present, 33.6% were non-families. 29.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.86. The median age in the village was 45.8 years. 20.5% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the village was 47.9% male and 52.1% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 23,142 people, 9,453 households, 6,513 families residing in the village; the population density was 662.6 people per square mile. There were 9,768 housing units at an average density of 279.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 89.17% White, 6.39% African American, 0.26% Native American, 1.21% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.83% from other races, 1.11% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.96% of the population. There were 9,453 households out of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.3% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.1% were non-families. 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.93. In the village, the population was spread out with 22.3% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 27.3% from 45 to 64, 18.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males. The median income for a household in the village was $52,869, the median income for a family was $63,937. Males had a median income of $47,871 versus $31,317 for females; the per capita income for the village was $27,123.
About 2.9% of families and 4.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.4% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over. In October 2017, Foxconn announced that it would build a $10 billion flat-panel TV campus in Mount Pleasant. Mount Pleasant offered $860 million in tax incentives borrowing funds to do so. Mount Pleasant declared some residential areas as'blighted' to require residents to vacate the project area. Construction was targeted to begin in the second quarter of 2018; the campus will expand in phases over five or more years. The Village of Mount Pleasant is governed by a village president; the president and the board are elected by general election for a term of two years per member. The board approves the village budget. Mount Pleasant has an elected village-wide municipal judge. Village services include a full-time police department, full-time consolidated fire department, highway/public works department, in-house building, development and finance departments.
The village operates and maintains its own sanitary sewer and storm water utilities, with municipal drinking water provided by the city of Racine. Mount Pleasant is represented by Bryan Steil in the United States House of Representatives, by Ron Johnson and Tammy Baldwin in the United States Senate. Robert Wirch and Van Wanggaard represent Mount Pleasant in the Wisconsin State Senate, Robin Vos, Tom Weatherston, Peter Barca represent Mount Pleasant in the Wisconsin State Assembly. Fire Protection/Ambulance Service from the South Shore Fire Department Police Service from the Mount Pleasant Police Department and Racine County Sheriff Mount Pleasant's public schools are managed by the Racine Unified School District; the University of Wisconsin–Parkside is located two miles south of Mount Pleasant in Kenosha. Gateway Technical College is nearby. Henry Herzog, Wisconsin State Representative and farmer, owned a farm in the Town of Mount Pleasant. August Piper, Wisconsin State Representative and farmer was born in the Town of Mount Pleasant.
Fred Venturelli, NFL player, was buried in Mount Pleasant. Village of Mount Pleasant Raci
Burlington is a city in Racine and Walworth counties in the U. S. state with the majority of the city located in Racine County. The population of the portion of the city inside Racine County was 10,464 as of the 2010 census. Prior to the arrival of Europeans in the area, Native American mounds were constructed near the present location of Burlington. For example, around 1830, a small Potawatomi village stood in what is now the Town of Burlington, though it wasn't larger than the present-day city; the earliest certain European presence in what is now Burlington was in the fall of 1799, when a group of French explorers and missionaries led by Francis Morgan de Vereceones made a portage from the Root River to the Fox River, reaching the Fox at Burlington's present location. The first European settlers in Burlington were William Whiting. Smith and Whiting had been in the area making a so-called "jackknife claim" to the land on December 15, 1835; the men left the encampment and returned with Lemuel Smith as well as Benjamin Perce, another member of the group.
The four men searched for arable land and built a cabin on the east side of the Fox River Other settlers arrived in the spring and summer of 1836 from New England. That year, the residents of Foxville unanimously decided to change their settlement's name to "Burlington" after the city Burlington, Vermont. Since its establishment, Foxville had been in Michigan Territory. On July 3, 1836, however, an act of Congress organizing the Wisconsin Territory went into effect, Foxville fell within the borders of Milwaukee County, Wisconsin Territory, which at that time included the present-day county of Racine; the two counties separated on December 7, 1836, Foxville ended up in Racine County. The first post office in Foxville was created on March 21, 1837, with Moses Smith, one of the four founders of the city, as the first postmaster. In May 1837, a sawmill and a dam on the Fox River were completed. On January 2, 1838, Rochester township, which included Foxville as well as all of Racine County west of Mount Pleasant, was established.
On March 9, 1839, Burlington township and much of Brighton were separated from Rochester. Burlington was a major New England settlement; the original founders of Burlington consisted of settlers from New England, inherited "Yankee" culture, that is, they were descended from the English Puritans who settled New England in the 1600s. They were part of a wave of New England farmers who headed west into what was the wilds of the Northwest Territory during the early 1800s. Most of them arrived as a result of the completion of the Erie Canal; when they arrived in the area, there was nothing but dense virgin forest and wild prairie. The settlers laid out farms, constructed roads, erected government buildings and established post routes, they brought with them many of their "Yankee" New England values, such as staunch support for abolitionism as well as a passion for education and the subsequent construction of many schools. They were members of the Congregationalist Church, though some were Episcopalian.
Due to the second Great Awakening some of them had converted to Methodism before moving to what is now Burlington. Burlington, like much of Wisconsin, would be culturally similar to early New England for most of its early history. From 1844 to 1850, the town of Voree, just to the west of Burlington, was the headquarters of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, one of many sects founded during the LDS succession crisis following the death of Latter Day Saint movement founder Joseph Smith. Although James Strang's group relocated to Beaver Island, Michigan in 1850, his parents remained in Voree. After Strang was shot by two disgruntled members in 1856, he was taken to Voree, he is buried in a cemetery in Burlington. Strang's church still maintains a congregation in Voree to this day, the local historical society has erected a monument to the Mormon settlement there. Burlington was incorporated as a village in 1886. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.73 square miles, of which, 7.50 square miles is land and 0.23 square miles is water.
Burlington is located at 42°40′40″N 88°16′41″W. As of the census of 2010, there were 10,464 people, 4,240 households, 2,702 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,395.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 4,529 housing units at an average density of 603.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 92.8% White, 0.9% African American, 0.4% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 3.4% from other races, 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.6% of the population. There were 4,240 households of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.4% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, 36.3% were non-families. 30.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.03. The median age in the city was 38.6 years.
25.4% of residents were under the age of 18.
Racine County, Wisconsin
Racine County is a county located in southeastern Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, its population was 195,408, making it the fifth-most populous county in Wisconsin, its county seat is Racine. The county was founded in 1836 a part of the Wisconsin Territory. Racine County comprises the Racine metropolitan statistical area, it is included in the Milwaukee metropolitan area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 792 square miles, of which 333 square miles is land and 460 square miles is water; the county's unemployment rate was 6.7% in August 2016. Milwaukee County Ottawa County, Michigan Allegan County, Michigan Kenosha County Walworth County Waukesha County As of the census of 2000, there were 188,831 people, 70,819 households, 49,856 families residing in the county; the population density was 567 people per square mile. There were 74,718 housing units at an average density of 224 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 83.04% White, 10.47% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.72% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.69% from other races, 1.67% from two or more races.
7.94% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 32.9% were of German, 7.4% Polish and 5.5% Irish ancestry. There were 70,819 households out of which 34.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.00% were married couples living together, 12.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.60% were non-families. 24.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.09. In the county, the population was spread out with 27.00% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 29.90% from 25 to 44, 22.50% from 45 to 64, 12.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.50 males. John H. Batten Airport serves surrounding communities. Burlington Municipal Airport enhances county service. Cindy Guntly Memorial Airport enhances county service.
Fox River Airport enhances county service. Sylvania Airport enhances county service. Burlington Racine Burlington Dover Raymond Norway Waterford Yorkville Bohners Lake Browns Lake Eagle Lake Tichigan Wind Lake Beaumont DeNoon Husher Kneeland Muskego Settlement Raymond Center Rosewood Sylvania The County Board consists of 21 members, each elected from single-member districts; the county executive is elected in a countywide vote. The county executive is Jonathan Delagrave; the Circuit Court is made up of ten judges, elected in countywide elections for six-year terms. Racine County has been a bellwether county having voted for the winning presidential candidate in 13 of the last 15 elections since 1960 despite its solidly Democratic county seat, Wisconsin; the only exceptions were when it voted for President Ford in 1976 and Michael Dukakis in 1988. Racine County Jane Doe, a young woman whose body was discovered in 1999 in the town of Raymond, Racine County National Register of Historic Places listings in Racine County, Wisconsin Commemorative Biographical Record of Prominent and Representative Men of Racine and Kenosha Counties Wisconsin.
Chicago: J. H. Beers, 1906. Racine County website Racine County map from the Wisconsin Department of Transportation
Milwaukee is the largest city in the state of Wisconsin and the fifth-largest city in the Midwestern United States. The seat of the eponymous county, it is on Lake Michigan's western shore. Ranked by its estimated 2014 population, Milwaukee was the 31st largest city in the United States; the city's estimated population in 2017 was 595,351. Milwaukee is the main cultural and economic center of the Milwaukee metropolitan area which had a population of 2,043,904 in the 2014 census estimate, it is the second-most densely populated metropolitan area in the Midwest, surpassed only by Chicago. Milwaukee is considered a Gamma global city as categorized by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network with a regional GDP of over $105 billion; the first Europeans to pass through the area were French Catholic Jesuit missionaries, who were ministering to Native Americans, fur traders. In 1818, the French Canadian explorer Solomon Juneau settled in the area, in 1846, Juneau's town combined with two neighboring towns to incorporate as the city of Milwaukee.
Large numbers of German immigrants arrived during the late 1840s, after the German revolutions, with Poles and other eastern European immigrants arriving in the following decades. Milwaukee is known for its brewing traditions, begun with the German immigrants. Beginning in the early 21st century, the city has been undergoing its largest construction boom since the 1960s. Major new additions to the city in the past two decades include the Milwaukee Riverwalk, the Wisconsin Center, Miller Park, the Milwaukee Streetcar, an expansion to the Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee Repertory Theater, Pier Wisconsin, as well as major renovations to the UW–Milwaukee Panther Arena; the Fiserv Forum opened in late 2018. The name "Milwaukee" comes from an Algonquian word millioke, meaning "good", "beautiful" and "pleasant land" or "gathering place "; the name has a less pleasant connotation in the Menominee language, where it is called Māēnāēwah, "some misfortune happens". Indigenous cultures lived along the waterways for thousands of years.
The first recorded inhabitants of the Milwaukee area are the historic Menominee, Mascouten, Sauk and Ojibwe. Many of these people had lived around Green Bay before migrating to the Milwaukee area around the time of European contact. In the second half of the 18th century, the Native Americans living near Milwaukee played a role in all the major European wars on the American continent. During the French and Indian War, a group of "Ojibwas and Pottawattamies from the far Michigan" joined the French-Canadian Daniel Liénard de Beaujeu at the Battle of the Monongahela. In the American Revolutionary War, the Native Americans around Milwaukee were some of the few groups to ally with the rebel Continentals. After the Revolutionary War, the Native Americans fought the United States in the Northwest Indian War as part of the Council of Three Fires. During the War of 1812, they held a council in Milwaukee in June 1812, which resulted in their decision to attack Chicago in retaliation against American expansion.
This resulted in the Battle of Fort Dearborn on August 15, 1812, the only known armed conflict in the Chicago area. This battle convinced the American government that the Native Americans had to be removed from their land. After being attacked in the Black Hawk War in 1832, the Native Americans in Milwaukee signed the Treaty of Chicago with the United States in 1833. In exchange for their ceding their lands in the area, they were to receive monetary payments and lands west of the Mississippi in Indian Territory. Europeans had arrived in the Milwaukee area prior to the 1833 Treaty of Chicago. French missionaries and traders first passed through the area in the late 18th centuries. Alexis Laframboise, in 1785, coming from Michilimackinac settled a trading post. Early explorers called the Milwaukee River and surrounding lands various names: Melleorki, Mahn-a-waukie and Milwaucki, in efforts to transliterate the native terms. For many years, printed records gave the name as "Milwaukie". One story of Milwaukee's name says, ne day during the thirties of the last century a newspaper calmly changed the name to Milwaukee, Milwaukee it has remained until this day.
The spelling "Milwaukie" lives on in Milwaukie, named after the Wisconsin city in 1847, before the current spelling was universally accepted. Milwaukee has three "founding fathers": Solomon Juneau, Byron Kilbourn, George H. Walker. Solomon Juneau was the first of the three to come to the area, in 1818, he founded. In competition with Juneau, Byron Kilbourn established Kilbourntown west of the Milwaukee River, he ensured. This accounts for the large number of angled bridges. Further, Kilbourn distributed maps of the area which only showed Kilbourntown, implying Juneautown did not exist or the river's east side was uninhabited and thus undesirable; the third prominent developer was George H. Walker, he claimed land to the south of the Milwaukee River, along with Juneautown, where he built a log house in 1834. This area became known as Walker's Point; the first large wave of settlement to the areas that would become Milwaukee County and the City of Milwaukee began in 1835, following removal of the tribes in the Co