Deobandi is a revivalist movement within Sunni Islam, that started in Deoband, British India. It is centered in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, has spread to the United Kingdom, has a presence in South Africa; the name derives from Deoband, where the school Darul Uloom Deoband is situated. The movement was founded in 1867, ten years after the Indian Rebellion of 1857.. The movement was founded by Muhammad Qasim Nanautavi, Rashid Ahmad Gangohi, several other figures; the Deobandi movement developed as a reaction to the British colonialism, seen by a group of Indian scholars—consisting of Rashid Ahmad Gangohi, Muhammad Yaqub Nanautawi, Shah Rafi al-Din, Sayyid Muhammad Abid, Zulfiqar Ali, Fadhl al-Rahman Usmani and Muhammad Qasim Nanotvi—to be corrupting Islam. The group founded an Islamic seminary known as Darul Uloom Deoband, where the Islamic revivalist and anti-imperialist ideology of the Deobandis began to develop. In time, the Darul Uloom Deoband became the second largest focal point of Islamic teaching and research after the Al-Azhar University, Cairo.
Through the organisations such as Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind and Tablighi Jamaat, the Deobandi ideology began to spread. From the early 1980s to 2000s, it was influenced by Wahhabism, due to fundings by Saudi Arabia. Towards the time of the Indian independence movement, the Deobandis advocated a notion of composite nationalism by which Hindus and Muslims were seen as one nation who were asked to be united in the struggle against the British. In 1919, a large group of Deobandi scholars formed the political party Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind and opposed the partition of India. Deobandi scholar Maulana Syed Husain Ahmad Madani helped to spread these ideas through his text Muttahida Qaumiyat Aur Islam. A minority group dissented from this position and joined Muhammad Ali Jinnah's Muslim League, forming the Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam in 1945. Graduates of Darul Uloom Deoband in India from countries such as Saudi Arabia, South Africa and Malaysia opened thousands of madaaris throughout the world; the Deobandi Movement in India is controlled by the Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind.
A majority of the Indian Muslims identify as Deobandi. Though a majority, the Deobandis form the dominant group among Indian Muslims due to their access to state resources and representation in Muslim bodies; the Deobandis are referred to as ` Wahhabis' by their opponents -- the Shias. In reality, they are not Wahhabis though they share many of their beliefs; the true Wahhabis among Indian Muslims are said to be fewer than 5 percent. An estimated 30–35 percent of Pakistan's Sunni Muslims consider themselves Deobandi. According to Heritage Online, nearly 65% of the total seminaries in Pakistan are run by Deobandis, whereas 25% are run by Barelvis, 6% by Ahl-i Hadith and 3% by various Shia organizations; the Deobandi movement in Pakistan was a major recipient of funding from Saudi Arabia from the early 1980s up until the early 2000s, whereafter this funding was diverted to the rival Ahl al-Hadith movement. Having seen Deoband as a counterbalance to Iranian influence in the region, Saudi funding is now reserved for the Ahl al-Hadith.
Many Deobandi schools in Pakistan teach Wahhabi principles. In the 1970s, Deobandis opened the first British-based Muslim religious seminaries, educating Imams and religious scholars. Deobandis "have been meeting the religious and spiritual needs of a significant proportion of British Muslims, are the most influential British Muslim group." In 2015 Ofsted highlighted the Deobandi seminary in Holcombe as a good example of a school "promoting British values, preventing radicalisation and protecting children". The journalist, Andrew Norfolk, did not agree with this assessment. According to a 2007 report by Andrew Norfolk, published in The Times, about 600 of Britain's nearly 1,500 mosques were under the control of "a hardline sect", whose leading preacher loathed Western values, called on Muslims to "shed blood" for Allah and preached contempt for Jews and Hindus; the same investigative report further said that 17 of the country's 26 Islamic seminaries follow the ultra-conservative Deobandi teachings which The Times said had given birth to the Taliban.
According to The Times 80% of all domestically trained Ulema were being trained in these hardline seminaries. An opinion column in The Guardian described this report as "a toxic mixture of fact and outright nonsense."In 2014 it was reported that 45 per cent of Britain’s mosques and nearly all the UK-based training of Islamic scholars are controlled by the Deobandi, the largest single Islamic group. Most Muslim prison chaplaincies in Britain are Deobandi, in 2016 Michael Spurr wrote to Britain's prison governors bringing to their attention that Ofsted had said that "the UK’s most influential Deobandi seminary promotes'fundamental British values such as democracy, individual liberty and mutual respect and tolerance for those of different faiths'." Andrew Norfolk did not agree with this assessement. The Deobandi movement sees itself as a scholastic tradition, it grew out of the Islamic scholastic tradition of Medieval Transoxania and Mughal India, it considers its visionary forefather to be Shah Waliullah Dehlawi.
Deobandis are strong proponents of the doctrine of Taqlid. In other words, they believe that a Deobandi must adhere to one of the four schools of Sunni Islamic Law and discourage inter-school eclecticism, they themselves claims the followers of the Hanafi school along with Wahhabism. Students at madrasas affil
Sugawara Akitada is a fictional character and a hero in a series of historical detective/mystery novels written by I. J. Parker, set in the Heian period of ancient Japan; the character lived in 11th century Japan, came from a family of scholar-officials. It was revealed through short stories and novels that he was trained in orthodox education, followed his family's tradition of entering the university, graduated first in the final year, having specialised in law, his family suffered financially. In the stories, Sugawara Akitada entered the civil service as a junior clerk in the Ministry of Law, with an income able to support his family: his mother, shown as always being inexplicably hostile to him, two younger sisters and a small staff of family retainers; as according to the era, the character was shown to be under immense pressure for the great responsibility to ensure his sisters married well - the only promising path for women of the era. Finding successful'good' match would depend on the level of prestige of the family, the dowry he could offer.
The character's inquisitive mind and strong sense of justice got him involved in a variety of difficult cases, which he was able to solve, some in his personal capacity, some in the capacity of his job. The main frustrations faced though was that his stubborn nature was not appreciated in a society within the bureaucracy, which prized orthodoxy, conformity and unquestioning obedience to figures of authority. In the stories, Akitada was reprimanded and dismissed several times by his superiors. To balance the odds, the author gave him allies in the form of several influential personages in the Imperial Court who respected and supported him, appreciated his integrity; the following is a list of stories, in chronological order of publication in Alfred Hitchcock's Mystery Magazine, that featured Sugawara Akitada. Instruments of Murder; the Curio Dealer's Wife. A Master of Go. Akitada's First Case. Rain at Rashomon; the New Year's Gift. Welcoming the Paddy God. Death and Cherry Blossoms; the O-Bon Cat. The Kamo Horse.
The Tanabata Magpie. Moon Cakes; the Incense Murders. The Water Sprite. Fox Magic; the following is a list of full-length novels featuring Sugawara Akidata. The initial publisher decided to publish the novels in a different order from the internal chronological order of the novels. In 2004, the author switched publisher to Penguin Group with the agreement to publish the novels according to internal chronology. After publication of "The Fires of the Gods" in 2011, the author could not find a publisher who will publish the novel in print and released the stories only in Kindle; this continued until 2013 when the author decided to go into self-publishing for the rest of her novels in this series. Dragon Scroll Rashomon Gate Black Arrow Island of Exiles The Hell Screen The Convict's Sword The Masuda Affair The Fires of the Gods Death on an Autumn River The Emperor's Woman Death of a Doll Maker The Crane Pavilion The Old Men of Omi The Shrine Virgin The Assassin's Daughter The Island of the Gods As of 2008, Books on Tape has signed to produce the above titles as an audiobook series, being read by actor Roy Vongtama.
Dragon Scroll, the first title is available June 2008. I. J. Parker's Official Website
Poliçan is an ethnic Greek village in Gjirokastër County, southern Albania. At the 2015 local government reform it became part of the municipality Dropull, it is within the wider Pogoni region that stretches in both Albania. Poliçan was the municipal center of the former Pogon municipality in Albania, it is nicknamed "the Bride of the Pogoni region". In classical antiquity the region was inhabited by the Chaonians, one of the three major Greek tribes that inhabited ancient Epirus. Polican was identified with the Chaonian settlement Politeiani known as Polyani; the name appears to be borrowed from the nearby mountain Polyainos. Ancient coins depicting Alexander the Great have been unearthed in Poliçan; the ancient name has changed to the present form during the Slavic invasion. In the late Byzantine period two Christian Orthodox monasteries were erected next to Polican. After the Fall of Constantinople in the Fourth Crusade, Polican became part of the Greek Despotate of Epirus and refuge for various Byzantine noble families.
At the period of Ottoman occupation, that started in mid-15th century, Polican enjoyed a privileged semi-autonomous status which led to economic and cultural flourishing. The settlement was included in the Koinon of Zagori, although geographically it was not part of the Zagori region, but belonged to the Pogoni villages. In the early 16th century two significant church buildings were erected in the town: Saint Athanasius and Saint Demetrius. Both of them display unique features of early post-Byzantine art. A Greek school was founded in 1672 by the local Orthodox missionary Sophianos next to the church of Saint Athanasius; the school attracted students from the nearby regions next to Gjirokastër. A second school started operating in 1750, sponsored by a benefactor. Greek education was expanded with the foundation of two secondary level schools in 1866, in addition to a boys' and a girls' school in 1866 and 1874 respectively; the local educational institutions became renowned to such a degree that their graduates were eligible for admission to any Greek college in the Ottoman capital Constantinople without qualifying examinations.
The schools of Polican were financed by the local community and by local businessmen and benefactors as well as by the town's diaspora. Polican and the rest of the settlements in the Pogon municipality became part of Albania in the 1920s. In 1940, when Axis Italy launched a failed invasion against Greece from Albanian territory during World War II, the town came under the control of the II Army Corps of the Greek forces; the Greek communities that reside in Pogon have a recognized minority status by the Albanian state. A Greek elementary school is operating in Polican. In 1913 the population of Polican was 1,650. During the interwar period it reached ca. 2,500 inhabitants. But it decreased to 559 in 1989. Polican is located on the slopes of Mount 13 km from the Greek-Albanian border, it is the northernmost Greek speaking village within the Pogoni region, divided between Greece and Albania. In Polican, along with the rest of the Pogoni region, polyphonic singing is part of the local musical tradition.
Sophianos, Greek-Orthodox bishop and scholar. Georgios, Giakoumis. Δύο Πρώιμα Μετα-Βυζαντινά Μνημεία και ο Ζωγραφικός τους Διάκοσμος στο Πωγώνι. University of Ioannina. Retrieved 16 December 2014. Hammond, Nicholas Geoffrey Lemprière. Epirus: The Geography, the Ancient Remains, the History and Topography of Epirus and Adjacent Areas. Clarendon P. Koltsida, Athina. Η Εκπαίδευση στη Βόρειο Ήπειρο κατά την Ύστερη Περίοδο της Οθωμανικής Αυτοκρατορίας. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. Retrieved 16 December 2012. Tziovas, edited by Dimitris. Greece and the Balkans: Identities and Cultural Encounters since the Enlightenment. Aldershot, England: Ashgate. ISBN 9780754609988. CS1 maint: extra text: authors list ΖΩΤΟΥ, ΜΕΝΕΛΑΟΥ. Η ΠΟΛΥΤΣΑΝΗ ΤΗΣ ΒΟΡΕΙΟΥ ΗΠΕΙΡΟΥ. ΕΚΔΟΣΕΙΣ, ΙΩΑΝΝΙΝΑ, 1989. Politsanitika Nea Newspaper, Tel. +30 210 5238058 Εψές Προψές Απέρασα. Του Γιοφυριού της Άρτας. Politsani.com
Xu Xiaoxi is a Chinese film director and screenwriter. He belongs to a new generation of filmmakers from China. Since 2010 he co-directs all his films with the Spanish director Roberto F. Canuto and together open a film production company in China, Almost Red Productions. Xu Xiaoxi obtains some international recognition after receive some awards in international film festivals and, due to the distinct personal style of his movies, Xu Xiaoxi is considered in some circles as a promising figure in the Chinese industry. Xu Xiaoxi was born in Sichuan, he was influenced into filmmaking since childhood, since his father was a Cinematographer in those times. He bought him a video camera, he remembers to record it with his friends. After High School, he wanted to experience different cultures, he moved to South Africa to study Fine Arts, majoring in Painting at the Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University in Port Elizabeth, South Africa. Xiaoxi gains experience and good skills in drawing, painting and video art.
He worked as a video artist in his final year project The Fluxus of a tribute to Maya Daren. He used video images as the prime means of expression regarding perceptions of cultural identity in a globalaized world. In 2006 he received the bachelor's degree of Fine Arts. After graduation, Xiaoxi decides to persuade a Filmmaking career and continue his international experiences, so he enrol in a Master of Fine Arts - Filmmaking at the New York Film Academy of Los Angeles, Universal Studios. There, he directed many short films in celluloid and digital format and collaborate in many others as Cinematographer, he graduated in 2009 with the feature film Desire Street. From 2008 his films achieve some awards; this films where created with Roberto F. Canuto, they meet. His two graduation projects became the most notorious films, Mei Mei and the feature Desire Street, co-directed with Roberto F. Canuto. Desire Street receives awards at "Asturian Film Festival 2014 " and a Special Mention for Best International Feature Film at "Mix Mexico International Film Festival 2011", together with other nominations and special screenings.
During the postproduction of “Mei Mei” the director started the collaboration with the composer who would become part of the team and signature of his work since Andrea Centazzo, Italy's top orchestral percussionist and a reference in the Avand Garde contemporary music. Andrea Centazzo composed the scores for all his movies since then: Mei Mei, Toto Forever, Desire Street and Ni Jing: Thou Shalt Not Steal. Back in China, Xu Xiaoxi and Roberto F. Canuto founded their own production company, Almost Red Productions, where they alternate the fiction narrative projects with commercial/advertisement works. In 2013 they released the Spanish production short film Ni Jing: Thou Shalt Not Steal; this film won the Best Film Award, Best Actress Sherry Xia Ruihong and Runner up Short, two nominations in the GAVA Awards 2014 as Best Short and Best Screenplay, together with other nominations and international screenings. In addition to the fiction works, Almost Red Productions creates commercials and collaborates with some non profit organizations, like Concentric Circles, company that aim to improve the health system in poor Rural Areas of China.
His film Floating Melon was released in late 2015 and he introduced the project as the second part the trilogy, "Invisible Chengdu", together with Ni Jing: Thou Shalt Not Steal, Floating Melon and his new film Sunken Plum. Floating Melon was filmed in his hometown and with non professional actors; the World Premier took place in Spain at the 53rd FICXIXON, Gijón International Film Festival in November 2015 and in China at the Art Gallery Shujingtang Alley Art Space in Chengdu in June 2016. It received an Audience Award at the 15th Aviles Acción Film Festival and the Audience Choice Award and Best Cinematography Award at the III Asturian Film Festival of Proaza 2016. In the first 12 months after the release it has been presented in over 40 international film festivals in Europe, America and Africa. In 2016 he directs his first film in Spain, at the hometown of his collaborator, Roberto F. Canuto, using the language of the region, the Asturian language, titled Advent, a psychological mystery drama film.
At the world premiere of Advent that took place at the 54th Gijón International Film Festival, obtained the Audience Award Dia D'Asturies for Best Short Film. Sunken Plum, the film that completes the trilogy "Invisible Chengdu", will be released in 2017, it is a melodramatic comedy with touches of mystery and social realism. The film uses non professional actors and the filming took place in Sichuan in downtown Chengdu, the lake “Bai Ta” and a remote village in the mountains of Sichuan, “Nan Bu”. Xu Xiaoxi has directed many shorts and a feature film. Before attend the Master of Fine Arts at NYFA, he directs documentary shorts and experimental works, as the video art The Fluxus of ID, a tribute to Maya Daren. During his masters he directs projects in 16mm Film, Red One Camera and other Digital format, like Rope, The Meal or Lila and his first y
Traverse County is a county in the U. S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 3,558, making it the least-populous county in Minnesota, its county seat is Wheaton. The county was founded in 1862 and organized in 1881. Traverse County lies on the west edge of Minnesota, its west border abuts the east borders of the states of South Dakota. The Red River flows northward along the county's west line; the Mustinka River flows southwestward through the county's upper portion, discharging into Lake Traverse. The county terrain consists of low rolling hills devoted to agriculture except in developed areas; the terrain slopes to the west and north, with its highest point at the SE corner, at 1,119' ASL. The county has a total area of 586 square miles, of which 574 square miles is land and 12 square miles is water. Reservation Dam State Wildlife Management Area White Rock Dam State Wildlife Management Area Lake Traverse Mud Lake - Saint Marys Lake Wet Lake As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 4,134 people, 1,717 households, 1,129 families in the county.
The population density was 7.2/sqmi. There were 2,199 housing units at an average density of 3.83/sqmi. The racial makeup of the county was 96.42% White, 0.02% Black or African American, 2.81% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.05% from other races, 0.36% from two or more races. 1.21 % of the population were Latino of any race. 52.2 % were of 7.6 % Swedish and 5.4 % Irish ancestry. There were 1,717 households out of which 28.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.00% were married couples living together, 6.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.20% were non-families. 32.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.97. The county population contained 25.30% under the age of 18, 5.60% from 18 to 24, 21.70% from 25 to 44, 21.20% from 45 to 64, 26.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years.
For every 100 females there were 96.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $30,617, the median income for a family was $39,655. Males had a median income of $29,821 versus $20,100 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,378. About 9.30% of families and 12.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.10% of those under age 18 and 10.80% of those age 65 or over. Traverse County has a balanced electorate. Since 1980 the county has selected the Democratic Party candidate 50% of the time in national elections. National Register of Historic Places listings in Traverse County, Minnesota
Tilson Oswaldo Minda is an Ecuadorian footballer who last played for Barcelona SC in the Ecuadorian Serie A. Oswaldo first started out at Sociedad Deportiva Aucas, he remained at the club for five years before joining Deportivo Cuenca. He was part of Deportivo Cuenca's campaign for the Copa Libertadores 2006, his impressive performances attracted the likes of Club Sport Emelec. After Deportivo Cuenca, Oswaldo became the new high-profile signing for Emelec, he was part of Emelec's squad. He did not get a starting position because of the many talented players on Emelec; as a result, he was sold to Deportivo Quito. In Deportivo Quito, Oswaldo had a great first season, he played in the Copa Sudamericana 2008 where his team fell to San Luis F. C.. While with Quito he had a guaranteed starting position playing in central midfield. Minda formed a great partnership with Edwin Tenorio to help Deportivo Quito win the Ecuadorian Serie A 2008. Minda helped Deportivo Quito win the Ecuadorian Serie A in December 2011.
Days he signed with Chivas USA of Major League Soccer. On February 27, 2015, it was confirmed. Minda made his international debut for Ecuador in 2008 and was most called up to represent Ecuador in the 2014 FIFA World Cup Deportivo Quito Serie A: 2008, 2009, 2011 Oswaldo Minda at Major League Soccer Oswaldo Minda at National-Football-Teams.com