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Department of Computer Science and Technology, University of Cambridge

The Department of Computer Science and Technology the Computer Laboratory, is the computer science department of the University of Cambridge. As of 2007 it employed 35 academic staff, 25 support staff, 35 affiliated research staff, about 155 research students; the current head of department is Professor Ann Copestake. The Department was founded as the Mathematical Laboratory under the leadership of John Lennard-Jones on 14 May 1937, though it did not get properly established until after World War II; the new laboratory was housed in the North Wing of the former Anatomy School, on the New Museums Site. Upon its foundation, it was intended to provide a computing service for general use, to be a centre for the development of computational techniques in the University; the Cambridge Diploma in Computer Science was the world's first postgraduate taught course in computing, starting in 1953. In October 1946, work began under Maurice Wilkes on EDSAC, which subsequently became the world's first operational and practical stored program computer when it ran its first program on 6 May 1949.

It inspired the world's first business computer, LEO. It was replaced by EDSAC 2, the first microcoded and bitsliced computer, in 1958. In 1961, David Hartley developed Autocode, one of the first high-level programming languages, for EDSAC 2. In that year, proposals for Titan, based on the Ferranti Atlas machine, were developed. Titan became operational in 1964 and EDSAC 2 was retired the following year. In 1967, a full multi-user time-shared service for up to 64 users was inaugurated on Titan. In 1953, the Mathematical Laboratory offered the world's first postgraduate taught course in computer science. In 1970, the Mathematical Laboratory was renamed the Computer Laboratory, with separate departments for Teaching and Research and the Computing Service, providing computing services to the university and its colleges; the two did not separate until 2001, when the Computer Laboratory moved out to the new William Gates building in West Cambridge, off Madingley Road, leaving behind an independent Computing Service.

In 2002, the Computer Laboratory launched the Cambridge Computer Lab Ring, a graduate society named after the Cambridge Ring network. On 30 June 2017, the Cambridge University Reporter announced that the Computer Laboratory would change its name to the Department of Computer Science and Technology from 1 October 2017, to reflect the broadened scope of its purpose and activities; the Department offers a 3-year undergraduate course and a 1-year masters course. Recent research has focused on virtualisation, usability, formal verification, formal semantics of programming languages, computer architecture, natural language processing, wireless networking, biometric identification, positioning systems and sustainability. Members have been involved in the creation of many successful UK IT companies such as Acorn, ARM, nCipher and XenSource; as of 2016 the lab employed 19 Professors: Notable ones are Other staff include Robert Watson and Markus Kuhn Former staff include: The lab has been led by: 1949 Maurice Wilkes 1980 Roger Needham 1996 Robin Milner 1999 Ian Leslie 2004 Andy Hopper Members have made impact in computers, Turing machines, subroutines, computer networks, mobile protocols, programming languages, kernels, OS, virtualisation, location badge systems, etc.

Below is a list. A number of companies have been founded by staff and graduates, their names were featured in the new entrance in 2012. Some cited examples of successful companies are ARM, Aveva, CSR and Domino. One common factor they share is that key staff or founder members are "drenched in university training and research"; the Cambridge Computer Lab Ring was praised for its "tireless work" by Andy Hopper in 2012, at its tenth anniversary dinner

Stargate (device)

A Stargate is an Einstein–Rosen bridge portal device within the Stargate fictional universe that allows practical, rapid travel between two distant locations. The devices first appear in the 1994 Roland Emmerich film Stargate, thereafter in the television series Stargate SG-1, Stargate Atlantis, Stargate Universe. In these productions, the Stargate functions as a plot generator, allowing the main characters to visit alien planets without the need for spaceships or any other type of technology; the device allows for near-instantaneous travel across both interstellar and extragalactic distances. Some early "portal" appearances in science fiction include A. E. van Vogt's novella Secret Unattainable, a radio episode of Space Patrol which aired October 25, 1952, Robert A. Heinlein's Tunnel in the Sky and its "Ramsbotham jump". In 2001: A Space Odyssey, Arthur C. Clarke uses the term "Star Gate" for the large monolith "sentinel" TMA-2, a classic stargate portal to another part of the universe; the basic stargate concept is that it has at least two devices in distant positions, when active, the rings of each become similar to a physical, singular gateway or door-frame between the two locations.

The concept was developed by the writers of the feature film Stargate, Dean Devlin and Roland Emmerich. Similar devices had been seen in previous fiction, there has been contention as to whether they plagiarized the idea from a previous script submission from a student of Egyptology named Omar Zuhdi, who submitted a screenplay to them about ten years before the movie was made. Zuhdi pursued legal action regarding this, the case was settled out of court. Much of the inspiration for the functioning of the device is drawn from theoretical astrophysics that of black holes and wormholes, a staple of science fiction used to create "shortcuts" through space. Although these may exist in reality, it is not held to be true that any such phenomenon could safely transport a human being, as such wormholes would most be created by excessive gravity which would destroy any potential traveler; the Stargate film begins in 1928, when the alien device is first discovered and unearthed at Giza, with a young Catherine Langford watching as her father, the archaeologist who found it, directs its unearthing.

Stargate SG-1 has since revealed more of the backstory of the Earth Stargate. The American ship Achilles brought the gate to America in 1939 to prevent it from falling into the hands of the Nazis; the United States Air Force stored the device in various locations —including Washington, DC —before installing it at its location of the film and series. The Stargate was studied in the 1940s as a potential weapon and was mothballed; as the Stargate film skips to the "present day", unsuccessful archaeologist Daniel Jackson is giving a lecture about his outlandish theories that the Great Pyramid of Giza was not built by the pharaoh Khufu. After he is laughed away, an aged Catherine Langford meets with him and recruits his egyptological talent, taking him to a top-secret military base at Cheyenne Mountain, where he is instructed to decipher the unique Egyptian hieroglyphs present on a set of cover-stones, he realizes that the indecipherable glyphs are in fact not words but images of constellations, such that by identifying 6 of them a position in space can be extrapolated.

He is shown the stargate itself, uses his new understanding to identify the 7th symbol, the gate is opened for the first time. Because thousands of combinations had been tried and had failed, it was believed at the time that only two stargates existed, connecting Earth and the planet Abydos, visited in the film. At the beginning of the Stargate SG-1 series, however, a large set of additional valid coordinates were discovered engraved in ruins on Abydos; because of the stellar drift accumulated over millions of years, other addresses were impossible to dial until Samantha Carter reworked the dialing system on Earth to account for this movement. After this, a massive network of possible connections became available. More addresses were uncovered by Colonel Jack O'Neill from a repository of Ancient knowledge. In order to allow for dialing back to Earth from other locations, it was stated that the DHD attached to each stargate automatically updates for stellar drift; the alien race encountered in the original movie is developed in SG-1 as the Goa'uld, the dominant evil power in the Milky Way.

The leaders of this race, the System Lords, pose as gods and use the stargates to transport slaves between worlds. This has resulted in a large number of planets throughout the galaxy supporting human life in civilizations more primitive than Earth; the majority of these civilizations, descended from former Goa'uld slaves, treat the Stargate as a religious relic as a source of long-forgotten fear and evil. For most of the run of Stargate SG-1, Earth was under constant threat from the Goa'uld, is no match for their superior technology. In the face of this threat, the US Air Force established a top-secret base, the SGC, as a frontline defence. Multiple teams are formed and sent on missions through the stargate, their primary objective being exploration, through it the discovery of intelligence and allies to help in the fight against the Goa'uld; the primary team is called SG-1, the series follows their adventures. For a long time, it was t

Mr. Palomar

Mr. Palomar is a 1983 novel by the Italian writer Italo Calvino, its original Italian title is Palomar. In an interview with Gregory Lucente, Calvino stated that he began writing Mr. Palomar in 1975, making it a predecessor to earlier published works such as If on a winter's night a traveler. Mr. Palomar was published in an English translation by William Weaver in 1985. In 27 short chapters, arranged in a 3 × 3 × 3 pattern, the title character makes philosophical observations about the world around him. Calvino describes a man on a quest to quantify complex phenomena in a search for fundamental truths on the nature of being; the first section is concerned chiefly with visual experience. This thematic triad is mirrored in the three subsections of each section, the three chapters in each subsection. For example, chapter 1.2.3, "The infinite lawn" has elements of all three themes, shows the progress of the book in miniature. It encompasses detailed observations of the various plants growing in Mr Palomar's lawn, an investigation of the symbolism of the lawn as a marker of culture versus nature, the problem of categorizing weeds, the problem of the actual extent of the lawn, the problem of how we perceive elements and collections of those elements...

These thoughts and others run seamlessly together, so by the end of the chapter we find Mr Palomar extending his mind far beyond his garden, contemplating the nature of the universe itself. In Mr. Palomar, Calvino continued to explore his fascination with literary self-consciousness. Comparing the book to his other novels, Calvino noted Mr. Palomar is "a different work" in which he sought to respond to "the problem of non linguistic phenomena.... That is, how can one read something, not written."

Hannah Ocuish

Hannah Ocuish was executed at the age of twelve years and nine months, being hanged on December 20, 1786, in New London, Connecticut. She is believed to be the youngest person executed by the United States. Ocuish was a Pequot Native American girl with an intellectual disability, accused of killing six-year-old Eunice Bolles, the daughter of a wealthy farmer, after quarreling with her over some strawberries; the primary evidence against her was her confession to the investigators. At her execution, she thanked the sheriff for his kindness as she stepped forward to be hanged." Henry Channing preached at 1786 execution, publishing the sermon under the title God Admonishing His People of their Duty... a Sermon... Occasioned by the Execution of Hannah Ocuish, a Mulatto Girl, Aged 12 Years and 9 Months, for the Murder of Eunice Bolles, Aged 6 Years and 6 Months." The sermon, which admonished parents not to neglect religious instructions for their children, summarized the crime as follows, according to Karen Halttunen: On the 21st of July, 1786, at about 10 o'clock in the morning, the body of the murdered child was found in the public road leading from New-London to Norwich, lying on its face near to a wall...

The neighborhood turned out to hunt for the murderer. When a search failed to turn them up, Hannah was interrogated again, taken to the Bolles home to be charged with homicide in the presence of the dead child, she confessed. Only at this late point in the narrative is the reader offered a sequential account of the crime. Five weeks earlier, Eunice had reported Hannah for stealing fruit during the strawberry harvest, Hannah had plotted revenge. Catching sight of her young enemy headed for school one morning, Hannah had lured Eunice from her path with a gift of calico beat and choked her to death, her name has erroneously appeared as Hannah Omish. Capital punishment in Connecticut Capital punishment in the United States List of individuals executed in Connecticut Alice Glaston Mary Streib, Victor L. Death Penalty for Juveniles, Indiana Univ Press, ISBN 0-253-31615-4 Dickerson, Sonya, "Hannah: A Fictional Life Account of The Youngest Child Executed in U. S. History", ASIN: B008P5VYCK 1786: Hannah Ocuish, age 12 A clap clap song for Hannah Ocuish, by devorah major

The Kearsarge at Boulogne

The Kearsarge at Boulogne is an oil-on-canvas painting by Édouard Manet completed in 1864. It depicts the Union cruiser USS Kearsarge, victor of the Battle of Cherbourg over the rebel privateer CSS Alabama; the painting is owned by the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Although he had not witnessed the battle, Manet visited Cherbourg one month after and painted a watercolour of Kearsarge, now exhibited in Dijon; the oil painting was based on this watercolour. In 1864 Manet painted an account of the battle itself, The Battle of the Kearsarge and the Alabama. Manet and the American Civil War: the battle of the U. S. S. Kearsarge and the C. S. S. Alabama, Issued in connection with an exhibition held June 3 - August 17, 2003, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

Rang Milanti

Rang Milanti is a 2011 Bengali comedy film directed by Kaushik Ganguly. There are one girl. All are good friends, but the girl wants to choose any one of them as a special friend who can become her life partner later, her elder sister left him. The girl asked for help, he refers her to a doctor. Dr. Anughatak; the doctor is no one but himself only in disguise. He helps by asking her to test 4 of his friends in 10 various situations. Based on that she has to play a game of cards; the person who gets maximum points in all 10 rounds will be the winner and she can marry that person. She shares the same with her sister, she starts playing the game but discovers at the end that if she plays an additional extra round the results are changing. She gets angry with the doctor and marries the person whom she loves most and realizes that we can not get every good virtue in same person. People differs, whatever good things we get inside our beloved people, we have to be happy with it, her sister realizes the same and comes back to her husband.

Saswata Chatterjee as Dr. Anughatak Gaurav Chakraborty as Rik Gourab Chatterjee as D. J. Indrasish Roy as Tito. Ridhima Ghosh as Kamalika. Churni Ganguly as Kamalika's elder sister Elena Kazan as Lisa Tanaji Dasgupta as Laden. Supergueststar Thomas Pentecouteau as the French guy. Rang Milanti on IMDb