Secretary of Health (Philippines)
The Secretary of Health is the Cabinet of the Philippines member in charge of the Department of Health. Francisco T. Duque III was appointed as Secretary of Health by Philippines President Rodrigo Duterte on October 26, 2017
Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology
The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology is a Philippine national institution dedicated to provide information on the activities of volcanoes and tsunamis, as well as other specialized information and services for the protection of life and property and in support of economic and sustainable development. It is one of the service agencies of the Department of Technology. PHIVOLCS monitors volcano and tsunami activity, issues warnings as necessary, it is mandated to mitigate disasters that may arise from such volcanic eruptions, earthquakes and other related geotectonic phenomena. This government organization was formed after a historical merging of official functions of government institutions. One of its first predecessors is the Philippine Weather Bureau created in 1901 when meteorological and terrestiial magnetic services of the Manila Observatory were transferred from the Roman Catholic Church to the American Colonial Government, it performed earthquake monitoring in the country and has inherited and maintained the early earthquake catalogue at that time.
By 1972, the Philippine Weather Bureau was reorganized under Presidential Decree No. 78 into the Philippine Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. A UNDP-funded project for PAGASA established a twelve-station earthquake monitoring network in the country; the other predecessor to PHIVOLCS, the Commission on Volcanology was created on June 20, 1952 by Republic Act no. 766 after the disastrous eruption of Hibok-Hibok Volcano in 1952. Under Executive Order no. 784 of March 17, 1982, the umbrella department of COMVOL, the National Science Development Board was reorganized into the National Science and Technology Authority, COMVOL was restructured to become the Philippine Institute of Volcanology or PHILVOLC. The seismological arm of PAGASA was transferred to PHILVOLC on September 17, 1984, renaming the institute as the Philippines Institute of Volcanology and Seismology or PHIVOLCS. NSTA, the umbrella department for PHIVOLCS and PAGASA, became the Department of Science and Technology in 1987.
The technical staff and the 12-station earthquake monitoring network was integrated to PHIVOLCS in 1988. PHIVOLCS was headed by Raymundo Punongbayan from 1982 to 2003, it is headed by Renato U. Solidum Jr. from 2003 to the present. The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology provides a classification system for the volcanoes of the country. Eruption in historic times Historical record within 600 years Radiocarbon dating dating to 10,000 years Local seismic activity Oral or folkloric history Active solfataras, fumaroles, or steaming activity Geologically young erupted < 10,000 years and for calderas and large systems < 25,000 years. Young-looking geomorphology. Suspected seismic activity. Documented local ground deformation. Geochemical indicators of magmatic involvement. Geophysical proof of magma bodies. Strong connection with subduction zones and external tectonic settings. No record of eruption and its form is beginning to change by the agents of weathering and erosion via formation of deep and long gullies.
PHIVOLCS Earthquake Intensity Scale Geography of the Philippines List of volcanoes in the Philippines Manila Observatory PHIVOLCS official website
Secretary of the Interior and Local Government (Philippines)
The Secretary of the Interior and Local Government is the member of the Cabinet in charge of the Department of the Interior and Local Government. The current Secretary is Eduardo Año, who assumed office on November 6, 2018 after serving as Officer in Charge on January 5, 2018. Notes: A in concurrent capacity as Philippine President B Served as Officer in Charge DILG website
Department of Labor and Employment (Philippines)
The Philippines' Department of Labor and Employment is the executive department of the Philippine Government mandated to formulate policies, implement programs and services, serve as the policy-coordinating arm of the Executive Branch in the field of labor and employment. It is tasked with the enforcement of the provisions of the Labor Code; the Department of Labor & Employment was founded on December 7, 1933 via the Act No. 4121 by the Philippine Legislature. It was renamed as Ministry of Labor and Employment in 1978; the agency was renamed as a Department after the 1986 EDSA Revolution in 1986. Bureau of Local Employment Bureau of Labor and Employment Statistics Bureau of Labor Relations Bureau of Working Conditions Bureau of Workers with Special Concerns International Labor Affairs Bureau National Reintegration Center for OFWs Bureau of Women and Young Workers Bureau of Rural Workers Employees' Compensation Commission Institute for Labor Studies National Conciliation and Mediation Board National Labor Relations Commission National Maritime Polytechnic National Wages and Productivity Commission Occupational Safety and Health Center Overseas Workers Welfare Administration Philippine Overseas Employment Administration Professional Regulation Commission Technical Education and Skills Development Authority
Department of the Interior and Local Government
The Philippine Department of the Interior and Local Government, abbreviated as DILG, is the executive department of the Philippine government responsible for promoting peace and order, ensuring public safety and strengthening local government capability aimed towards the effective delivery of basic services to the citizenry. The department is led by the Secretary of the Interior and Local Government, nominated by the President of the Philippines and confirmed by the Commission on Appointments; the Secretary is a member of the Cabinet. The current Secretary of the Interior and Local Government is Former AFP Chief of Staff Eduardo Año; the DILG traces its roots in the Tejeros Convention of Sept. 21, 1897. As the Department of the Interior, it was among the first Cabinet positions of the proposed revolutionary Philippine government, wherein Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo was elected President; the leader of Katipunan's Magdiwang faction, Andres Bonifacio, was elected Director of the Interior in the convention, but a controversial objection to his election led to the Magdiwang's walk-out and his refusal to accept the position.
Gen. Pascual Alvarez would be appointed as Secretary by Aguinaldo on April 17, 1897, during the Naic Assembly; the Department of the Interior was enshrined on November 1, 1897, upon the promulgation of the Biak-na-Bato Republic, with Isabelo Artacho as Secretary. Article XV of the Biak-na-Bato Constitution defined the powers and functions of the Department that included statistics and bridges, public information and posts, public order. Following the American occupation in 1901, the Department of the Interior was among the four departments created by virtue of Philippine Commission Act No. 222. Americans headed the department until 1917, when Rafael Palma was appointed by Governor-General Francis Harrison following the passage of the Jones Law; the Interior Department was tasked with various functions ranging from supervision over local units, forest conservation, public instructions and supervision over the police, counter-insurgency, community development and cooperatives development programs.
At the onset of World War II, Pres. Manuel L. Quezon abolished the department via Executive Order 390, it was resurrected as part of the Philippine Executive Commission in 1942 under the Japanese Occupation, but abolished once again the following year, upon the establishment of the Second Philippine Republic. Its Secretary before the abolition, Jose P. Laurel, was elected as Philippine President by the National Assembly; the department was reinstated by Pres. Sergio Osmeña months after the country's liberation from Japanese forces in December 1944, it was merged with the Department of National Defense in July 1945. Pres. Manuel Roxas' Executive Order No. 94 in 1947 split the Department of National Defense and the Interior, tasked the newly reorganized Interior Department to supervise the administration of the Philippine Constabulary and all local political subdivisions, among others. A 1950 reorganization via Executive Order No. 383 abolished the Interior Department once again. Its functions were transferred to the Office of Local Government under the Office of the President.
On January 6, 1956, under Pres. Ramon Magsaysay, the Presidential Assistant on Community Development office was created via Executive Order No. 156, with functions resembling that of the Interior Department sans supervision over the police force. It was renamed the Presidential Arm on Community Development in 1966; the department was restored on November 7, 1972, with the creation of the Department of Local Government and Community Development. The DLGCD was reorganized as a ministry in the parliamentary Batasang Pambansa in 1978, renamed the Ministry of Local Government in 1982, became the Department of Local Government in 1987. On December 13, 1990, Republic Act 6975 placed the Philippine National Police, Bureau of Fire Protection, Bureau of Jail Management and Penology and the Philippine Public Safety College under the reorganized Department of the Interior and Local Government; the new DILG merged the National Police Commission, all the bureaus and operating units of the former DLG under Executive Order No. 262.
RA 6975 paved the way for the union of the local governments and the police force after nearly four decades of separation. At present, the Department is headed by the Secretary of the Interior and Local Government, with the following undersecretaries and assistant secretaries: Undersecretary for Local Government Undersecretary for Operation Undersecretary for Public Safety Undersecretary for Barangay Affairs Undersecretary for Peace and Order Assistant Secretary for Administration and Finance Assistant Secretary for External and Legislative Affairs Assistant Secretary for Mindanao Affairs and Special Concerns Assistant Secretary for Barangay Affairs and Partnership Assistant Secretary for Communication and Public Affairs Assistant Secretary for Peace and Security Assistant Secretary for Peace and OrderUnder the Office of the Secretary are the following offices and services: Administrative Service Information Systems and Technology Management Service Financial Management Service Internal Audit Service Legal and Legislative Liaison Service Planning Service Public Affairs and Communication Service Public Assistance and Complaint Center Emergency 911 National Office Central Office Disaster Information Coordinating Center A regional director is assigned to each of the 18 regions of the Philippines.
The DILG is composed of five bureaus, namely: Bureau of Local Government Development Bureau of Local Government
Cabinet of the Philippines
The Cabinet of the Philippines consists of the heads of the largest part of the executive branch of the national government of the Philippines. It includes the secretaries of 20 executive departments and the heads of other several other minor agencies and offices that are subordinate to the President of the Philippines; the Cabinet secretaries are tasked to advise the President on the different affairs of the state like agriculture, finance, social welfare, national defence, foreign policy, the like. They are nominated by the President and presented to the Commission on Appointments, a body of the Congress of the Philippines that confirms all appointments made by the head of state, for confirmation or rejection. If the presidential appointees are approved, they are sworn into office, receive the title "Secretary," and begin to function their duties. Article 7, Section 16 of the Constitution of the Philippines says that the President The men and women listed below form the cabinet and are the heads of the executive departments of the Philippines.
All departments are listed by their present-day name with their English names on top and Filipino names at the bottom. The following officials, while not heading Executive Departments, have the rank of Department Secretary and are part of the President's Cabinet: The foundation date of various departments vary, depending on whether their origin can be traced to the First Republic or during the American era; the listing of cabinet officials is complicated during World War II, when there were two governments, the Commonwealth of the Philippines first in unoccupied areas and in exile, the various governments established by the Japanese. Until the Tejeros Convention in 1897, government functions were conducted by the Katipunan; the convention decided to replace the Katipunan with a provisional revolutionary government. This was in turn replaced by the Biak na Bato Republic which in turn was disbanded because of the Pact of Biak na Bato; the Revolutionary movement was led in exile by the Hong Kong Junta.
The Revolution resumed in May, 1898 and resulted in what is considered the first actual government, that of the First Republic. Constitution of the First Republic explicitly stated the government ministries to be formed. Mabini Cabinet Apolinario Mabini - Foreign Affairs, Prime Minister. Mariano Trias - Finance Teodoro Sandico - Interior Baldomero Aguinaldo - National Defense Gracio Gonzaga - WelfarePaterno Cabinet Pedro Paterno - Prime Minister Leon Ma. Guerrero - Agriculture and Commerce Hugo Ilagan - Finance Felipe Buencamino - Foreign Affairs Severino de las Alas - Interior Aguedo Velarde - Public Instruction Maximo Paterno - Public Works and Communications Mariano Trias - National Defense Under the Philippine Commission, after the Philippine Legislature established a bicameral legislature, the American colonial government established cabinet offices appointed by the Governor-General of the Philippines, that continued up to the Commonwealth of the Philippines; the Executive power was wielded by the Governor-General of the Philippines.
Among cabinet officials and Americans held various posts, except for that of Secretary of Public Instruction, reserved for an American the Vice Governor-General. With autonomy achieved, the President of the Philippines appointed the cabinet members. Established in response to a directive from the Imperial Japanese Army, the Philippine Executive Commission assumed administrative responsibility over government in Japanese-occupied areas of the country; the existence of war resulted in the consolidation of cabinet portfolios and the formation of a war cabinet. The war cabinet system was reorganized several sometimes; the Second Republic replaced the Philippine Executive Commission. Cabinet officials became known as ministers; the Commonwealth of the Philippines was restored on Philippine soil in October, 1944, formally restored in terms of its authority in February, 1945. After recognition of Philippine Independence in 1946 by the United States, the former Commonwealth now as a Republic under the 1935 Constitution continues its function stated therein until 1972 when Marcos declared Martial Law and wielded dictatorial rule.
In 1978, under the 1973 Constitution, the departments were renamed into ministries. The 1973 Constitution set up a Parliamentary Form of governance, but this was amended before its full implementation into a Semi-presidential Form of government under Marcos' dictatorial will. In 1981, Martial Law was lifted, the regular Parliament convenes with Cesar Virata being voted Prime Minister and as well as Finance Minister. Under her revolutionary powers, President Corazon Aquino abolished the system of government ministries and restored the department system. With the ratification of the 1987 Constitution, this change became permanent. Executive departments of the Philippines List of female cabinet secretaries of the Philippines Official site of the President's Cabinet
Philippine Nuclear Research Institute
The Philippine Nuclear Research Institute is a government agency under the Department of Science and Technology mandated to undertake research and development activities in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, institute regulations on the said uses, carry out the enforcement of said regulations to protect the health and safety of radiation workers and the general public. The Philippine Nuclear Research Institute is an agency of the government, authorized to regulate the safe and peaceful applications of nuclear science and technology in the Philippines. Under Executive Order 128, the PNRI is mandated to perform the following functions: Conduct research and development on the application of radiation and nuclear techniques and processes. Undertake the transfer of research results to end-users, including technical extension and training services. Operate and maintain nuclear research reactors and other radiation facilities. License and regulate activities relative to production and utilization of nuclear radioactive substances.
Under Executive Order 128, the PNRI is headed by a Director assisted by a Deputy Director. It is composed of one administrative/finance division; the five divisions provide the Institute with research, nuclear-related, policy development, budgetary assistance, technology development services respectively: 263 permanent positions make up the PNRI organization. In the year 1958, the Philippine Atomic Energy Commission, which would be known as PAEC, was established following the Republic Act No. 2067. This R. A. is known as the "Science Act of 1958." In the early 1960s, the PAEC built the Philippine Research Reactor-1, the first nuclear reactor in the Philippines. The "Atomic Energy Regulatory and Liability Act of 1968" established the regulatory function and mandate of the PAEC whereas on December 13, 1974, Presidential Decree No. 606 established the PAEC as an independent and autonomous body. Three years the Presidential Decree 1206 of October 6, 1977 created the Ministry of Energy. From the MoE, the Philippine Atomic Energy Commission was transferred back to the Office of the President Executive under Order No. 613 on August 15, 1980 and transferred again to the Office of the Prime Minister under Executive Order No. 708 of July 2, 1981.
In 1984, the PAEC was placed within the administrative administration of the Department of Science and Technology under the Executive Order No. 784. The Philippine Atomic Energy Commission became the Philippine Nuclear Research Institute in 1987. In 1995, the trial of the Sterile insect technique held in Guimaras was successful. In the succeeding year, Dr. William G. Padolina, Secretary of the Department of Science and Technology, served as the president of the 40th General Conference of the International Atomic Energy Agency. In celebration of the centennial of the discovery of radioactivity of 1997, the second Philippine Nuclear Congress was held in Manila. At the beginning of the 21st century, the PNRI's Radiological Emergency Preparedness and Response Plan was approved in the year 2000. In 2001, the first Positron emission tomography was licensed by the PNRI at St. Luke's Medical Center. During the years 2001-2005, a PVP carrageenan hydrogel dressing for burns and wounds was developed by the PNRI as well as the development of the mutant ornamental plants Kamuning dwarf mutant, Dracaena'Marea' and Cordyline'Medina'.
In 2005, the PNRI was designated as the collaborating center for Studies on Harmful Algal Blooms by the IAEA. The next year, the Philippine Research Reactor at the PNRI was chosen by the IAEA to be the training platform to demonstrate the decommissioning process technique under the Research Reactor Decommissioning Demonstration Project; the 9th Forum for Nuclear Cooperation in Asia Ministerial Level Meeting was hosted in the Philippines in 2008, the same year of the 50th Founding Anniversary of the Philippine Nuclear Research Institute. The Philippines was named one of the three pilot countries for the IAEA Water Availability Enhancement Project in 2010; the National Nuclear Security Plan and the IAEA INSSP became operational at this time. In 2011, the Member States engaged in an RCA Regional project to study the disaster impact on the marine environment; the data was compiled in the Asia and Pacific Marine Radioactivity Database, managed by the Philippines through the PNRI. This was made in response to the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster.
In 2012, the Technetium-99m Generator Facility was commissioned. During 2013, the conditioning and storage of Spent High Activity Radioactive Sources was put to attention when the Philippines together with the IAEA and the South Africa Nuclear Energy Cooperation worked in a tripartite cooperation. In 2014, the PNRI Electron Beam Facility was inaugurated and the PNRI was able to conduct its first full exhibit of Filipino applications of nuclear science and technology at the 58th IAEA General Conference in Vienna, Austria Radiation therapy Nuclear power Peaceful Nuclear Research Philippine Research Reactor-1 Secondary Standards Dosimetry Laboratory Agricultural Research SectionThis division includes the Plant Mutation Breeding Facility, which aims for the improvement of mutation breeding of important crops. Data is gathered to compare mutants with original plants. Procedures are undertaken for asexual propagation and testing the pre-germination of seeds; the Plant tissue culture Laboratory aids projects in mutation induction for tissue propagation.
The Soil Science and Plant Nutrition Laboratory is for the research and development of technologies for soil and crop management packages through the use of an isotope tracer and nuclear techniques. The goal is to enh