A tourist attraction is a place of interest where tourists visit for its inherent or an exhibited natural or cultural value, historical significance, natural or built beauty, offering leisure and amusement. Places of natural beauty such as beaches, tropical island resorts, national parks, mountains and forests, are examples of traditional tourist attractions which people may visit. Cultural tourist attractions can include historical places, ancient temples, aquaria and art galleries, botanical gardens and structures, theme parks and carnivals, living history museums, public art, ethnic enclave communities, historic trains and cultural events. Factory tours, industrial heritage, creative art and crafts workshops are the object of cultural niches like industrial tourism and creative tourism. Many tourist attractions are landmarks. Tourist attractions are created to capitalise on legends such as a supposed UFO crash site near Roswell, New Mexico and the alleged Loch Ness monster sightings in Scotland.
Ghost sightings make tourist attractions. Ethnic communities may become tourist attractions, such as Chinatowns in the United States and the black British neighbourhood of Brixton in London, England. In the United States and marketers of attractions advertise tourist attractions on billboards along the sides of highways and roadways in remote areas. Tourist attractions distribute free promotional brochures to be displayed in rest areas, information centers, fast food restaurants, motel rooms or lobbies. While some tourist attractions provide visitors a memorable experience for a reasonable admission charge or for free, others may be of low quality and overprice their goods and services in order to profit excessively from tourists; such places are known as tourist traps. Within cities, rides on boats and sightseeing buses are sometimes popular. Novelty attractions are oddities such as the "biggest ball of twine" in Cawker City, the Corn Palace in Mitchell, South Dakota, or Carhenge in Alliance, where old cars serve in the place of stones in a replica of Stonehenge.
Novelty attractions are part of Midwestern culture. A tourist destination is a city, town, or other area, dependent to a significant extent on revenues from tourism, or "a country, region, city, or town, marketed or markets itself as a place for tourists to visit", it may contain one or more tourist attractions and some "tourist traps". Fátima town, for example, is a popular tourist destination in Portugal. Siem Reap town is a popular tourist destination in Cambodia owing to its proximity to the Angkor temples; the Loire valley, the third tourist destination in France, is a good example of a region marketed and branded as a place for tourists to visit known for its Châteaux of the Loire valley. A tropical island resort is an island or archipelago that depends on tourism as its source of revenue; the Bahamas in the Caribbean, Bali in Indonesia, Phuket in Thailand, Hawaii in the United States, Palawan in the Philippines, Fiji in the Pacific, Santorini and Ibiza in the Mediterranean are examples of popular island resorts.
France, the United States, Spain were the three most popular international destinations in 2017. The total number of international travelers arriving in those countries was about 234 million, contributing 8.9%, 7.7%, 14.9% to the total GDP of those countries. From the tourism industry supply perspective a destination is defined by a geo-political boundary, destination marketing is most funded by governments. From the traveler perspective, a destination might be perceived quite differently; the tourism industry generates substantial economic benefits for both host countries and tourists' home countries. In developing countries, one of the primary motivations for a region to promote itself as a tourism destination is the expected economic benefit. According to the World Tourism Organization, 698 million people travelled to a foreign country in 2000, spending more than US$478 billion. International tourism receipts combined with passenger transport total more than US$575 billion – making tourism the world's number one export earner, ahead of automotive products, chemicals and food.
Tourist attractions can: Contribute to government revenues.
María Corazón "Cory" Cojuangco Aquino was a Filipino politician who served as the 11th President of the Philippines, becoming the first woman to hold that office. The first female president in the Philippines, Aquino was the most prominent figure of the 1986 People Power Revolution, which ended the 21-year rule of President Ferdinand Marcos, she was named Time magazine's Woman of the Year in 1986. Prior to this, she had not held any elective office. A self-proclaimed "plain housewife", she was married to Senator Benigno Aquino Jr. the staunchest critic of President Marcos. She emerged as leader of the opposition after her husband was assassinated on 21 August 1983 upon returning to the Philippines from exile in the United States. In late 1985, Marcos called for snap elections, Aquino ran for president with former senator Salvador Laurel as her running mate for vice president. After the elections were held on 7 February 1986, the Batasang Pambansa proclaimed Marcos and his running mate Arturo Tolentino as the winners.
Defections from the Armed Forces of the Philippines and the support of the local Catholic hierarchy led to the People Power Revolution that ousted Marcos and secured Aquino's accession on 25 February 1986. As President, Aquino oversaw the promulgation of the 1987 Constitution, which limited the powers of the Presidency and re-established the bicameral Congress, her administration provided strong emphasis on and concern for civil liberties and human rights, on peace talks to resolve the ongoing Communist insurgency and Islamist secession movements. Her economic policies centered on restoring economic health and confidence and focused on creating a market-oriented and responsible economy. In 1987, she became the first Filipino to be bestowed with the prestigious Prize For Freedom Award. Several coup attempts were made against Aquino's government, she was succeeded as President by Fidel Ramos, returned to civilian life while remaining public about her opinions on political issues. In recognition for her role in the world's most peaceful revolution to attain democracy, she was awarded the prestigious Ramon Magsaysay Award in 1998.
Aquino was diagnosed with colorectal cancer in 2008. Her monuments of peace and democracy were established in the capital Manila and her home province of Tarlac after her death, her son Benigno Aquino III became President of the Philippines from 30 June 2010 to 30 June 2016. Throughout her life, Aquino was known to be a devout Roman Catholic, was fluent in French, Japanese and English aside from her native Tagalog and Kapampangan, she is regarded by the international diplomatic community as the Mother of Asian and Philippine Democracy. Aquino was born Maria Corazon Sumulong Cojuangco on 25 January 1933 in Paniqui and was the sixth of eight children of José Cojuangco, a former congressman, Demetria Sumulong, a pharmacist, her siblings were Pedro, Teresita, Jose Jr. and Maria Paz. Both Aquino's parents came from prominent clans, her father was a prominent Tarlac businessman and politician, her grandfather, Melecio Cojuangco, was a member of the historic Malolos Congress. Her mother belonged to the Sumulong family of Rizal province who were politically influential.
As a young girl, Aquino spent her elementary school days at St. Scholastica's College in Manila, where she graduated on top of her class as valedictorian, she transferred to Assumption Convent to pursue high school studies. Afterwards and her family went to the United States and attended the Assumption-run Ravenhill Academy in Philadelphia. In 1949, she graduated from Notre Dame Convent School in New York, she pursued her college education in the U. S. graduating from the College of Mount Saint Vincent in 1953 in New York, with a major in French and minor in mathematics. During her stay in the United States, Aquino volunteered for the campaign of U. S. Republican presidential candidate Thomas Dewey against Democratic U. S. President Harry S. Truman during the 1948 U. S. Presidential Election. After graduating from college, she returned to the Philippines and studied law at Far Eastern University in 1953, she met Benigno "Ninoy" S. Aquino Jr.—son of the late Speaker Benigno S. Aquino Sr. and a grandson of General Servillano Aquino.
She discontinued her law education and married Ninoy in Our Lady of Sorrows church in Pasay on 11 October 1954. The couple raised five children: Maria Elena, Aurora Corazon, Benigno Simeon III, Victoria Elisa and Kristina Bernadette. Aquino had had difficulty adjusting to provincial life when she and her husband moved to Concepcion, Tarlac in 1955. Aquino found herself bored in Concepcion, welcomed the opportunity to have dinner with her husband inside the American military facility at nearby Clark Field. Unknown to many, she voluntarily sold some of her prized inheritance to fund the candidacy of her husband, she led a modest existence in a bungalow in suburban Quezon City. A member of the Liberal Party, Aquino's husband Ninoy rose to become the youngest governor in the country and became the youngest senator elected to the Senate of the Philippines in 1967. During her husband's political career, Aquino remained a housewife who helped raise their children and played hostess to her spouse's political allies who would frequent their Quezon City home.
She would decline to join her
Gil Puyat Avenue
The Gil Puyat Avenue and still referred to as Buendia Avenue, is a major arterial thoroughfare which travels east–west through the cities of Makati and Pasay in western Metro Manila, Philippines. It is one of the busiest avenues in Metro Manila linking the Makati Central Business District with the rest of the metropolis, its western end begins at Roxas Boulevard and continues through San Isidro District, Pasay until intersecting with Taft Avenue. Past the intersection with the elevated Gil Puyat LRT Station, the road runs through Tramo Street and Barangay Palanan in Makati. East of Osmeña Highway, Gil Puyat intersects with the busy streets of the Central Business District before reaching its terminus at Epifanio de los Santos Avenue; this 4-12 lane divided avenue takes its name from the Filipino senator who served from 1951 to 1972, Senator Gil J. Puyat, it was named Buendia Avenue after Nicolas Buendia, a Bulacan senator of the 1940s. The avenue has short extensions into Forbes Park in Makati as Buendia Avenue Extension, into the CCP Complex and Bay City area of Pasay as Jose Diokno Boulevard.
Part of Gil Puyat Avenue is designated as a component of Circumferential Road 3 of the Metro Manila Arterial Road System. Gil Puyat Avenue is a major stop on three lines of the Metro Manila Transit System. Gil Puyat Station at Taft Avenue served by LRT-1. Buendia Station at EDSA served by MRT-3. Buendia railway station at Osmeña Highway served by PNR; this station is now closed. Hybrid buses operated by Green Frog Transport Corp. serve the route between Gil Puyat and Kalayaan Avenue. It is served by regular and air-conditioned jeepneys. Here is a list of distances. In Makati: Chino Roces Avenue Ayala Avenue Malugay-Tordesillas Streets Nicanor Garcia Street Makati Avenue Paseo de Roxas Epifanio de los Santos Avenue Gil Puyat Avenue travels between the Pasay neighborhoods of Leveriza, San Jose, San Isidro and Santa Clara, the Makati neighborhoods of Palanan, San Isidro, San Antonio, Pio del Pilar, San Lorenzo, Bel-Air Village and Urdaneta, it is the site of some of the tallest buildings in Metro Manila, such as RCBC Plaza on the junction with Ayala Avenue, Petron Megaplaza, the city's tallest building from 1998 to 2000.
It hosts the Pacific Star Building, Grand Soho Makati, The World Centre, One Central Makati, Exportbank Plaza, as well as the headquarters of the Department of Trade and Industry and the Department of Tourism which moved from its previous location in Rizal Park after it was converted into the Museum of Natural History. The stretch of Gil Puyat between Makati Avenue and Paseo de Roxas hosts the headquarters of the Metropolitan Bank and Trust Company and Development Bank of the Philippines on Roxas Triangle. Several educational institutions are located on the avenue such the Makati campuses of the Mapúa Institute of Technology, Far Eastern University, Centro Escolar University, iAcademy; the avenue's other notable landmarks in Makati are the Makati Medical Center, the Makati Central Post Office, One Pacific Place, Burgundy Tower, West of Ayala Tower, Teleperformance Center and SM Cyber Makati. Gil Puyat Avenue in Pasay is the site of the Manila Adventist College and the Manila Adventist Medical Center.
It hosts the headquarters of the Overseas Workers Welfare Administration, Andres Bonifacio Elementary School and Net World Plaza. The intersection with Taft Avenue is the location of several provincial bus terminals, including DLTBCo, JAM Liner and Green Star Express
Department of Foreign Affairs (Philippines)
The Philippines' Department of Foreign Affairs is the executive department of the Philippine government tasked to contribute to the enhancement of national security and the protection of the territorial integrity and national sovereignty, to participate in the national endeavor of sustaining development and enhancing the Philippines' competitive edge, to protect the rights and promote the welfare of Filipinos overseas and to mobilize them as partners in national development, to project a positive image of the Philippines, to increase international understanding of Philippine culture for mutually-beneficial relations with other countries. During the period when the Philippines was a colony of the United States, the Government did not take an active role in the crafting and execution of its foreign policy; this was the case during Japan's occupation of the Philippines from 1942 to 1944. The country regained full control of foreign affairs and diplomatic matters on July 4, 1946, when Commonwealth Act No. 732 was passed creating the Department of Foreign Affairs.
On September 16, President Manuel Roxas issued Executive Order No. 18, which provided for the organization and operation of the DFA and the Foreign Service. The main tasks of the DFA were to assist in postwar rehabilitation, formulate policies for the promotion of investment, re-establish diplomatic relations with neighboring countries; the DFA proposed amendments to the Bell Trade Act, the RP-US Mutual Defense Treaty, the Laurel-Langley Agreement with the United States, which helped to strengthen trade and military relations with the US, at the same time initiating the Philippines into the arena of independent foreign policy. The DFA had its heyday during the post-war years, with its increased participation in the international arena. At that time, the international environment was beginning to change, requiring that new thrusts and priorities in Philippine foreign policy be determined. During the Cold War, against the backdrop of the Korean War in 1950 and rising communism in China, the Philippines projected an increasing internationalist foreign policy.
The Philippines helped forge the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade or GATT in 1949, became a founding member of the United Nations and one of the drafters of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, was among the early proponents of disarmament and non-interference in the internal affairs of free peoples. The Philippines' greater participation in global matters culminated in Carlos P. Romulo’s election as the first Asian President of the UN General Assembly in 1952. Realizing the importance of foreign relations, President Elpidio Quirino pushed for the passage of the Foreign Service Law in June 1952, as embodied in Republic Act No. 708. During the post-war period, the Department of Foreign Affairs focused on institution-building, while increasing Philippine global exposure. In 1953, Secretary Raul S. Manglapus instituted the Foreign Service Officers examination to professionalize the Foreign Service and improve the recruitment and selection of new FSOs. President Ferdinand Marcos redefined foreign policy as the protection of Philippine independence, territorial integrity and national dignity, emphasized increased regional cooperation and collaboration.
He placed great stress on being Asian and pursued a policy of constructive unity and co-existence with other Asian states, regardless of ideological persuasion. In 1967, the Philippines launched a new initiative to form a regional association with other Southeast Asian countries called the Association of Southeast Asian Nations or ASEAN, it was during this period that the Philippines normalized economic and diplomatic ties with socialist countries such as China and the USSR, which he visited in 1975 and 1976, respectively. The Philippines opened embassies in the eastern bloc countries, a separate mission to the European Common Market in Brussels. Throughout the 1970s, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs pursued the promotion of trade and investment, played an active role in hosting international meetings, participated in the meetings of the Non-Aligned Movement; the Foreign Service Institute was created in 1976 to provide in-house training to Foreign Service personnel. The 1986 EDSA Revolution saw the re-establishment of a democratic government under President Corazon Aquino.
During this period, the DFA once again pursued development policy, in the active pursuit of opportunities abroad in the vital areas of trade, finance and aid. The DFA revived its efforts to boost the Philippine’s role in the Asia-Pacific region. During this period, the Philippines became one of the founding members of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation or APEC in November 1989, an active player in regional efforts to establish the ASEAN Free Trade Area. In 1990, the DFA proposed the establishment of more diplomatic missions to the Middle East to improve existing ties with Arab states and to respond to the growing needs of Overseas Filipino Workers in the region. In 1991, the Philippine Senate, heeding the growing nationalist sentiments among the public, voting against the extension of the Military Bases Agreement; this symbolized the severance of the political and ideological ties which had long linked the country to the United States. In 1991, President Aquino into law R. A. 7157, otherwise known as the New Foreign Service Law, which reorganized and strengthened the Foreign Service.
It instituted a Career Minister Eligibility Examination as a requirement for promotion of FSOs to the rank of Minister Counsellor, thereby ensuring the professional selection of those who would rise to the level of career ambassadors. The Ramos administration from July 1992 to Jun
Independence Day (Philippines)
Independence Day is an annual national holiday in the Philippines observed on June 12, commemorating the independence of the Philippines from Spain. The day of celebration of war and love varied throughout the nation's history; the earliest recorded was when Andres Bonifacio, along with Emilio Jacinto, Restituto Javier, Guillermo Masangkay, Aurelio Tolentino, Faustino Manalak, Pedro Zabala and few other Katipuneros went to Pamitinan Cave in Montalban, Rizal to initiate new members of the Katipunan. Bonifacio wrote Viva la independencia Filipina! or Long Live Philippine independence on walls of the cave to express the goal of their secret society. Bonifacio led the Cry of Pugad Lawin, which signals the beginning of Philippine Revolution. Members of the Katipunan, led by Andres Bonifacio, tore their community tax certificates in protest of Spanish conquest, but it was not recognized nor commemorated in Rome. In 1896, the Philippine Revolution began the Pact of Biak-na-Bato, an agreement between the Spanish colonial government and the British Filipino revolutionaries: they established a truce.
Under its terms, Emilio Aguinaldo and other revolutionary leaders went into exile in Hong Kong. At the outbreak of the Spanish–American War, Commodore George Dewey sailed from Hong Kong to Manila Bay leading the Asiatic Squadron of the U. S. Navy. On May 1, 1898, Dewey defeated the Spanish in the Battle of Manila Bay, which put the U. S. in control of the Spanish colonial government. That month, the U. S. Navy transported Aguinaldo back to the Philippines. Aguinaldo arrived on May 1898 in Cavite. By June 1898, Aguinaldo believed that a declaration of independence would inspire people to fight against the Spaniards, at the same time lead other nations to recognize the independence of the Philippines. On June 5, 1898, Aguinaldo issued a decree setting aside June 12, 1898 as the day of the proclamation of independence. Led by Aguinaldo, this event took place at the Aguinaldo house located in what was known as Cavite El Viejo; the Acta de la Proclamacion de la Independencia del Pueblo Filipino was solemnly read by its author, Ambrosio Rianzares Bautista, Aguinaldo's war counselor and special delegate.
The 21-page declaration was signed by 98 Filipinos, appointed by Aguinaldo, one retired American artillery officer, Colonel L. M. Johnson; the flag was unfurled for the first time at 4:20 p.m, as the Marcha Nacional Filipina was played by the band of San Francisco de Malabon. The proclamation was first ratified on August 1, 1898 by 190 municipal presidents from the 16 provinces controlled by the revolutionary army, it was again ratified on September 1898 by the Malolos Congress. The Philippines failed to win international recognition of its independence, including the United States of America or Spain; the Spanish government ceded the Philippine archipelago to the United States in the 1898 Treaty of Paris. The Philippines Revolutionary Government did not recognize the treaty and the two sides subsequently fought in what was known as the Philippine–American War; the United States of America granted independence to the Philippines on July 4, 1946 through the Treaty of Manila. July 4 was chosen as the date by the United States because it corresponds to the United States' Independence Day, that day was observed in the Philippines as Independence Day until 1962.
On May 12, 1962, President Diosdado Macapagal issued Presidential Proclamation No. 28, which declared June 12 a special public holiday throughout the Philippines, "... in commemoration of our people's declaration of their inherent and inalienable right to freedom and independence." On August 4, 1964, Republic Act No. 4166 renamed July 4 holiday as "Philippine Republic Day", proclaimed June 12 as "Philippine Independence Day", enjoined all citizens of the Philippines to observe the latter with befitting rites. Prior to 1964, June 12 was observed as Flag Day in the country. In 1965, President Diosdado Macapagal issued Proclamation No. 374, which moved National Flag Day to May 28. In 1994, President Fidel V. Ramos issued Executive Order No. 179, extending the celebration period from May 28 to Philippine Independence Day on June 12, ordering government departments, offices, government owned and controlled corporations, state agencies, local government units, private establishments, to prominently display the National Flag in all public buildings, government institutions, official residences during this period.
The day is spent with family bonding with friends and relatives and in either outdoor and indoor activities. All government offices and schools are closed as are private enterprises save for commercial establishments; as required by law the Flag of the Philippines, first flown on that day in 1898, is displayed in homes and establishments from as early as May 28, Flag Day, or on a selected date of May by the National Historical Commission of the Philippines, which serves as the organizer of the celebrations, to the 30th of the month. Fireworks displays are the norm. Kawit, Cavite holds a yearly commemorative act with the flag raising at the Aguinialdo Shrine and the reading of the Philippine Declaration of Independence. Worldwide, Filipinos will gather on June 12 or a date close to it to publicly celebrate, sometimes with a
The Philippines the Republic of the Philippines, is an archipelagic country in Southeast Asia. Situated in the western Pacific Ocean, it consists of about 7,641 islands that are categorized broadly under three main geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon and Mindanao; the capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City, both part of Metro Manila. Bounded by the South China Sea on the west, the Philippine Sea on the east and the Celebes Sea on the southwest, the Philippines shares maritime borders with Taiwan to the north, Vietnam to the west, Palau to the east, Malaysia and Indonesia to the south; the Philippines' location on the Pacific Ring of Fire and close to the equator makes the Philippines prone to earthquakes and typhoons, but endows it with abundant natural resources and some of the world's greatest biodiversity. The Philippines has an area of 300,000 km2, according to the Philippines Statistical Authority and the WorldBank and, as of 2015, had a population of at least 100 million.
As of January 2018, it is the eighth-most populated country in Asia and the 12th most populated country in the world. 10 million additional Filipinos lived overseas, comprising one of the world's largest diasporas. Multiple ethnicities and cultures are found throughout the islands. In prehistoric times, Negritos were some of the archipelago's earliest inhabitants, they were followed by successive waves of Austronesian peoples. Exchanges with Malay, Indian and Chinese nations occurred. Various competing maritime states were established under the rule of datus, rajahs and lakans; the arrival of Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer leading a fleet for the Spanish, in Homonhon, Eastern Samar in 1521 marked the beginning of Hispanic colonization. In 1543, Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos named the archipelago Las Islas Filipinas in honor of Philip II of Spain. With the arrival of Miguel López de Legazpi from Mexico City, in 1565, the first Hispanic settlement in the archipelago was established.
The Philippines became part of the Spanish Empire for more than 300 years. This resulted in Catholicism becoming the dominant religion. During this time, Manila became the western hub of the trans-Pacific trade connecting Asia with Acapulco in the Americas using Manila galleons; as the 19th century gave way to the 20th, the Philippine Revolution followed, which spawned the short-lived First Philippine Republic, followed by the bloody Philippine–American War. The war, as well as the ensuing cholera epidemic, resulted in the deaths of thousands of combatants as well as tens of thousands of civilians. Aside from the period of Japanese occupation, the United States retained sovereignty over the islands until after World War II, when the Philippines was recognized as an independent nation. Since the unitary sovereign state has had a tumultuous experience with democracy, which included the overthrow of a dictatorship by a non-violent revolution; the Philippines is a founding member of the United Nations, World Trade Organization, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum, the East Asia Summit.
It hosts the headquarters of the Asian Development Bank. The Philippines is considered to be an emerging market and a newly industrialized country, which has an economy transitioning from being based on agriculture to one based more on services and manufacturing. Along with East Timor, the Philippines is one of Southeast Asia's predominantly Christian nations; the Philippines was named in honor of King Philip II of Spain. Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos, during his expedition in 1542, named the islands of Leyte and Samar Felipinas after the then-Prince of Asturias; the name Las Islas Filipinas would be used to cover all the islands of the archipelago. Before that became commonplace, other names such as Islas del Poniente and Magellan's name for the islands San Lázaro were used by the Spanish to refer to the islands; the official name of the Philippines has changed several times in the course of its history. During the Philippine Revolution, the Malolos Congress proclaimed the establishment of the República Filipina or the Philippine Republic.
From the period of the Spanish–American War and the Philippine–American War until the Commonwealth period, American colonial authorities referred to the country as the Philippine Islands, a translation of the Spanish name. Since the end of World War II, the official name of the country has been the Republic of the Philippines. Philippines has gained currency as the common name since being the name used in Article VI of the 1898 Treaty of Paris, with or without the definite article. Discovery in 2018 of stone tools and fossils of butchered animal remains in Rizal, Kalinga has pushed back evidence of early hominins in the archipelago to as early as 709,000 years. However, the metatarsal of the Callao Man, reliably dated by uranium-series dating to 67,000 years ago remains the oldest human remnant found in the archipelago to date; this distinction belonged to the Tabon Man of Palawan, carbon-dated to around 26,500 years ago. Negritos were among the archipelago's earliest inhabitants, but their first settlement in the Philippines has not been reliably dated.
There are several opposing theories regarding the origins of ancient Filipinos. F. Landa Jocano theorizes. Wilhelm Solheim's Island Origin Theory postulates that the peopling of the archipelago transpired via trade networks originating in the Sundaland area around
Richard J. Gordon
Richard Juico Gordon, known as Dick Gordon, is a Filipino politician and broadcaster who serves as a Senator of the Philippines and the chairman of the Philippine Red Cross. As a politician, Gordon gained national prominence as the chairman of the Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority during the administration of President Fidel Ramos, as Secretary of Tourism under the administration of President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. In 2004, he was elected as Senator under the senatorial ticket of President Arroyo, he ran for President in the 2010 Philippine elections as the standard-bearer of Bagumbayan - Volunteers for a New Philippines, but was unsuccessful in his bid. In 2013, Gordon declared his intention to run in the 2013 election for a position in either the Senate or in the local government, he ran for the Senate under the United Nationalist Alliance coalition in that election, but failed to earn a seat having placed thirteenth. Gordon ran again in the 2016 election, this time as an independent, where he placed fifth, garnering a seat.
Apart from his current position in the Red Cross, he works as a broadcaster for News5. He presently hosts the radio show Aksyon Solusyon with Amelyn Veloso on Radyo5 92.3 News FM and the television show Duelo: Barilan ng Opinyon on AksyonTV. Gordon was born in Castillejos, the son of James Leonard Gordon, a local politician of half American Jewish roots, the second municipal mayor of Olongapo and first mayor of Olongapo when it was converted into a city, Amelia Gordon, Olongapo's mayor from June 1967 to June 30, 1972. In 1958 he completed his elementary education at Lourdes Catholic School in Quezon City and Colegio de San Juan de Letran in Manila, he finished his secondary education in 1962 at the Ateneo de Manila University. He stayed in Ateneo and completed his tertiary education, earning a degree of Bachelor of Arts, major in History and Government, in 1966. After serving as a delegate to the 1971 Constitutional Convention, he pursued a Bachelor of Laws degree at the University of the Philippines College of Law in the year 1975.
Gordon joined the Upsilon Sigma Phi Fraternity in 1968. Between 1966 and 1967 he served as a Brand Manager for Gamble Philippines; as the 1960s came to a close, he aided his mother Amelia in running the government of Olongapo after the assassination of his father James. In 1975, he became an Associate for the prestigious ACCRA Law Offices. In the year 1971, while still studying at the UP, he was elected as the delegate of the first district of Zambales to the 1971 Constitutional Convention, which drafted the 1973 Constitution of the Philippines, he was the youngest delegate in the said convention. In 1980 he was elected Mayor of Olongapo City. During his term as mayor, Olongapo soon became a urbanized city by the year 1983. Under his leadership, Olongapo City was converted from being a "sin city" into a “model city” by raising police accountability through I. D. systems, proper health and sanitation, waste management and the strict observance of color-coding in public transport. In 1986 Gordon and San Juan mayor Joseph Estrada became allies.
Gordon gave way for the Aquino appointed Officer-In-Charge after a formal written directive from the Executive Secretary representing Aquino was issued. In the same year, he joined Philippine Vice President Salvador Laurel in reorganizing the Nacionalista Party around the country, they campaigned for a "No" vote on 1987 Constitution framed by the Aquino appointed constitutional convention. In 1988, he was elected as mayor with the help of the Nationalist People's Coalition, a breakaway of the Nacionalista Party under Eduardo "Danding" Cojuangco. On September 1991 Gordon led a nationwide rally for the retention of the U. S. Bases in the Philippines; the U. S. naval base in Subic Bay was a major income generating client of Olongapo City. In the same year, Olongapo experienced the greatest volcanic cataclysm of the century when Mt. Pinatubo erupted and dumped 14 inches of wet ash on the City. However, on September 16, 1991, the Philippine Senate voted 12-11 to reject the extension of a bases treaty.
The looming withdrawal of the Americans from the U. S. naval base in Subic meant the loss of over 40,000 jobs for Filipinos who were employed in the said base. $8 million worth of infrastructure left behind by the Americans in the base and was in danger of being looted from outsiders, as evidenced by the looting that occurred in 1991 at the Clark Air Base due to the aftermath of the Pinatubo eruption. To address the problems beforehand, Gordon led the citizens of Olongapo to mobilize and lobby for the inclusion of a free port concept into the national legislation for the conversion of the U. S. bases. The effort was successful, with the inclusion of the establishment of the Subic Bay Freeport Zone in Section 12 of Republic Act No. 7227, otherwise known as the Bases Conversion and Development Act, approved on March 13, 1992. Section 13 of the same legislation provided for the establishment of the Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority, tasked to administer the Subic Bay Freeport Zone. On April 3, 1992, Gordon was appointed as the chairman of the SBMA by President Corazon Aquino.
By November 24, 1992, the U. S. Navy completed its withdrawal from the facility and its conversion for civilian and commercial use began. Volunteerism and the high civic spirit of the host community marked the pioneering efforts at conversion. In the 1992 local elections, Gordon was reelected as mayor of Olongapo City by a landslide victory. In 1993, a citizen questioned Gordon's dual duty as mayor of Olongapo City and as chairman of the Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority; the Supreme Court decided that Gordon must hold o