SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Dermatology

Dermatology is the branch of medicine dealing with the skin. It is a speciality with both surgical aspects. A dermatologist is a specialist doctor who manages diseases related to skin and nails and some cosmetic problems. Attested in English in 1819, the word dermatology derives from the Greek δέρματος, genitive of δέρμα, "skin" and -λογία -logia. In 1801 the first great school of dermatology became a reality at the famous Hôpital Saint-Louis in Paris, the first textbooks and atlases appeared in print around the same time. After earning a medical degree, the length of training in the United States for a general dermatologist to be eligible for Board Certification by the American Academy of Dermatology, American Board of Dermatology or the American Osteopathic Board of Dermatology is a total of four years; this training consists of an initial medical, surgical, or pediatric intern year followed by a three-year dermatology residency. Following this training, one- or two- year post-residency fellowships are available in immunodermatology, laser medicine, Mohs micrographic surgery, cosmetic surgery, dermatopathology, or pediatric dermatology.

For the past several years, dermatology residency positions in the United States have been one of the most competitive to obtain. In the UK, a dermatologist is a medically qualified practitioner who has gone on to specialize in medicine and sub-specialize in dermatology; this involves: Medical school for five years to obtain an MBBS, MBBCh or MB, BChir degree One year of house jobs before becoming registered as a medical practitioner Two to three years training in general medicine to obtain a higher degree in medicine and become a member of the Royal College of Physicians Having obtained the MRCP examination, applying to become a Specialty Registrar in Dermatology and training for four years in dermatology Passing the Specialty Certificate Examination in Dermatology before the end of trainingUpon successful completion of the four-year training period, the doctor becomes an accredited dermatologist and is able to apply for a consultant hospital post as a consultant dermatologist. Dermatologists have been leaders in the field of cosmetic surgery.

Some dermatologists complete fellowships in surgical dermatology. Many are trained in their residency on the use of botulinum toxin and laser surgery; some dermatologists perform cosmetic procedures including liposuction and face lifts. Most dermatologists limit their cosmetic practice to minimally invasive procedures. Despite an absence of formal guidelines from the American Board of Dermatology, many cosmetic fellowships are offered in both surgery and laser medicine. A dermatolopathologist is a pathologist or dermatologist who specializes in the pathology of the skin; this field is shared by pathologists. A dermatologist or pathologist will complete one year of dermatopathology fellowship; this includes six months of general pathology, six months of dermatopathology. Alumni of both specialties can qualify as dermatopathologists. At the completion of a standard residency in dermatology, many dermatologists are competent at dermatopathology; some dermatopathologists qualify to sit for their examinations by completing a residency in dermatology and one in pathology.

Trichology specializes in diseases, which manifest with hair loss, hair abnormalities and scalp changes. Trichoscopy is a medical diagnostic method, used by dermatologists with a special interest in trichology; this field specializes in the treatment of immune-mediated skin diseases such as lupus, bullous pemphigoid, pemphigus vulgaris, other immune-mediated skin disorders. Specialists in this field run their own immunopathology labs. Immunodermatology testing is essential for the correct diagnosis and treatment of many diseases affecting epithelial organs including skin, mucous membranes and respiratory tracts; the various diseases overlap in clinical and histological presentation and, although the diseases themselves are not common, may present with features of common skin disorders such as urticaria and chronic itch. Therefore, the diagnosis of an immunodermatological disease is delayed. Tests are performed on blood and tissues that are sent to various laboratories from medical facilities and referring physicians across the United States.

The dermatologic subspecialty called Mohs surgery focuses on the excision of skin cancers using a technique that allows intraoperative assessment of most of the peripheral and deep tumor margins developed in the 1930s by Dr. Frederic E. Mohs; the procedure is defined as a type of CCPDMA processing. Physicians trained in this technique must be comfortable with both pathology and surgery, dermatologists receive extensive training in both during their residency. Physicians who perform Mohs surgery can receive training in this specialized technique during their dermatology residency, but many will seek additional training either through preceptorships to join the American Society for Mohs Surgery or through formal one to two years Mohs surgery fellowship training programs administered by the American College of Mohs Surgery; this technique requires the integration of the same doctor in two different capacities: surgeon as well as pathologist. In case either of the two responsibilities is assigned to another doctor or qualified health care professional, it will not be considered to be Mohs surgery.

Physicians can qualify for this specialization by completing both a pediatric residency and a dermatology residency. Or they might elect to complete a post-residency fellowship

Ken Bennett (English footballer)

Kenneth Edgar Bennett was an English professional footballer who scored 50 goals from 187 appearances in the Football League playing for Southend United, Bournemouth & Boscombe Athletic, Brighton & Hove Albion and Crystal Palace. Bennett was born in Wood Green, north London, began his football career before the Second World War with local club Wood Green Town, he joined Tottenham Hotspur during the war, played for the club in the wartime competitions, but when the Football League resumed in 1946 he signed for Southend United. After two seasons he moved on to Bournemouth & Boscombe Athletic, a year joining Southern League club Guildford City, after another year, returning to the League with Brighton & Hove Albion, he was the club's top scorer in both the 1951–52 and 1952–53 seasons, with 19 and 13 goals in all competitions, spent a year with Crystal Palace. In 1954 he returned to the Southern League. Bennett died in Rochford, Essex, in 1994 at the age of 73

Barthélémy de Theux de Meylandt

Barthélemy Théodore, Count de Theux de Meylandt was a Belgian Roman Catholic politician who served as Prime Minister of Belgium three times. Barthélemy Théodore de Theux de Meylandt was born in the castle of Schabroek in Sint-Truiden on 26 February 1794, he was Minister of State, a member of the National Congress, Belgium's Prime Minister, Minister of Internal Affairs & Minister of Foreign Affairs. The count died in the Meylandt Castle on 21 August 1874 in Belgium, he was the first Belgian Prime Minister. The first government of Barthélémy de Theux de Meylandt was in office from 4 August 1834 to 18 April 1840. Members were: The second government of Barthélémy de Theux de Meylandt was in office from 31 March 1846 to 12 August 1847. Members were: The third government of Barthélémy de Theux de Meylandt was in office from 7 December 1871 to 11 June 1878; when Barthélémy de Theux de Meylandt died on 21 August 1874 he was succeeded by Jules Malou, Minister of Finance. Members were: National honours Belgium: Minister of State, by Royal Decree.

Grand Cordon of the Order of Leopold. Croix de Fer. Foreign Honours France: Officer in the Legion of Honour. Kingdom of Italy: Knight Grand Cross in the Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus. Spain: Knight Grand Cross in the Order of Charles III. Holy See: Knight Grand Cross in the Pontifical Order of Saint Gregory the Great. Portugal: Knight Grand Cross in the Military Order of Christ. Tunisia: Grand Cross with Brilliants in the Order of Nicham-el-Oftikhar. Barthélémy de Theux de Meylandt in ODIS - Online Database for Intermediary Structures