Magic, along with its subgenres of, sometimes referred to as illusion, stage magic or close up magic is a performing art in which audiences are entertained by staged tricks or illusions of impossible feats using natural means. It is to be distinguished from paranormal magic which are effects claimed to be created through supernatural means, it is one of the oldest performing arts in the world. Modern entertainment magic, as pioneered by 19th-century magician Jean Eugène Robert-Houdin, has become a popular theatrical art form. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, magicians such as Maskelyne and Devant, Howard Thurston, Harry Kellar, Harry Houdini achieved widespread commercial success during what has become known as "The Golden Age of Magic". During this period, performance magic became a staple of Broadway theatre and music halls. Magic retained its popularity in the television age, with magicians such as David Copperfield, Doug Henning, Penn & Teller, David Blaine modernizing the art form.
The term "magic" etymologically derives from the Greek word mageia. In ancient times and Persians had been at war for centuries, the Persian priests, called magosh in Persian, came to be known as magoi in Greek. Ritual acts of Persian priests came to be known as mageia, magika—which came to mean any foreign, unorthodox, or illegitimate ritual practice. During the 17th century, many books were published; until the 18th century, magic shows were a common source of entertainment at fairs. A founding figure of modern entertainment magic was Jean Eugène Robert-Houdin, who had a magic theatre in Paris in 1845. John Henry Anderson was pioneering the same transition in London in the 1840s. Towards the end of the 19th century, large magic shows permanently staged at big theatre venues became the norm; as a form of entertainment, magic moved from theatrical venues to television magic specials. Performances that modern observers would recognize as conjuring have been practiced throughout history. For many recorded centuries, magicians were associated with the occult.
During the 19th and 20th centuries, many stage magicians capitalized on this notion in their advertisements. The same level of ingenuity, used to produce famous ancient deceptions such as the Trojan Horse would have been used for entertainment, or at least for cheating in money games, they were used by the practitioners of various religions and cults from ancient times onwards to frighten uneducated people into obedience or turn them into adherents. However, the profession of the illusionist gained strength only in the 18th century, has enjoyed several popular vogues since. Opinions vary among magicians on how to categorize a given effect, but a number of categories have been developed. Magicians may pull a rabbit from an empty hat, make something seem to disappear, or transform a red silk handkerchief into a green silk handkerchief. Magicians may destroy something, like cutting a head off, "restore" it, make something appear to move from one place to another, or they may escape from a restraining device.
Other illusions include making something appear to defy gravity, making a solid object appear to pass through another object, or appearing to predict the choice of a spectator. Many magic routines use combinations of effects. One of the earliest books on the subject is Gantziony's work of 1489, Natural and Unnatural Magic, which describes and explains old-time tricks. In 1584, Englishman Reginald Scot published The Discoverie of Witchcraft, part of, devoted to debunking the claims that magicians used supernatural methods, showing how their "magic tricks" were in reality accomplished. Among the tricks discussed were sleight-of-hand manipulations with rope and coins. At the time and belief in witchcraft was widespread and the book tried to demonstrate that these fears were misplaced. Popular belief held that all obtainable copies were burned on the accession of James I in 1603. During the 17th century, many similar books were published that described in detail the methods of a number of magic tricks, including The Art of Conjuring and The Anatomy of Legerdemain: The Art of Juggling.
Until the 18th century, magic shows were a common source of entertainment at fairs, where itinerant performers would entertain the public with magic tricks, as well as the more traditional spectacles of sword swallowing and fire breathing. In the early 18th century, as belief in witchcraft was waning, the art became respectable and shows would be put on for rich private patrons. A notable figure in this transition was the English showman, Isaac Fawkes, who began to promote his act in advertisements from the 1720s – he claimed to have performed for King George II. One of Fawkes' advertisements described his routine in some detail: He takes an empty bag, lays it on the Table and turns it several times inside out commands 100 Eggs out of it and several showers of real Gold and silver the Bag beginning to swell several sorts of wild fowl run out of it upon the Table, he throws up a Pack of Cards, causes them to be living birds flying about the room. He causes living Beasts and other Creatures to appear upon the Table.
He blows the spots of the Cards off and on, changes them to any pictures. From 1756 to 1781, Jacob Philadelphia performed feats of magic, sometimes under the guise of scientific exhibitions, throughout Europe and in Russia. A founding figure of modern entertainment magic was Jean Eugène Robert-Houdin a clockmaker, who opened a magic theatre in Paris in 1845, he transformed his art from one performed at fairs to a performance that the public paid to see at the theatre. His
University of Pavia
The University of Pavia is a university located in Pavia, Italy. It has thirteen faculties. An edict issued by the Frankish king of Italy Lothar I mentions the existence of a higher education institution at Pavia as early as AD 825; this institution devoted to ecclesiastical and civil law as well as to divinity studies, was selected as the prime educational centre for northern Italy. Established as a studium generale by the Holy Roman emperor Charles IV in 1361, the institution was enlarged and renovated by the duke of Milan, Gian Galeazzo Visconti, becoming the sole university in the Duchy of Milan until the end of the 19th century. During the ongoing Italian War of 1521-6, the authorities in Pavia were forced to close the university in 1524. In 1858, the University was the scene of intense student protests against Austrian rule in northern Italy; the authorities responded by ordering the university's temporary closure. The incidents at Pavia were typical of the wave of nationalist demonstrations all over Italy that preceded the Unification.
During the following centuries, through periods of both adversity and prosperity, the fame of the University of Pavia grew over the last years due to the large number of applicants. Throughout its history, the university has benefited from the presence of many learned men and distinguished scientists who wrote celebrated works and made important discoveries: mathematician Girolamo Cardano, physicist Alessandro Volta, poet Ugo Foscolo. Three Nobel Prize winners taught in Pavia: physician Camillo Golgi, chemist Giulio Natta and Carlo Rubbia. Critical to the university's reputation was its distinguished record of public education, epitomised by the establishment of 5 private and public colleges; the oldest colleges, the Collegio Borromeo and Collegio Ghislieri, were built in the 16th century, in more recent times others were founded through both public and private initiatives: the Nuovo College, the Santa Caterina College and other eleven colleges EDiSU. In 1997 the IUSS, was established, a Higher Learning Institution analogous to the Scuola Normale Superiore and Istituto Superiore Sant'Anna in Pisa.
The IUSS is the federal body that links the 5 colleges of Pavia which constitute the Pavia University System. Today, the University continues to offer a wide variety of disciplinary and inter-disciplinary teaching. Research is carried out in departments, clinics and laboratories, in close association with public and private institutions and factories; the university has eighteen departments: Department of Clinical Surgery and Pediatrics Department of Internal Medicine and Medical Therapy Department of Molecular Medicine Department of Public Health and Forensic Medicine Department of Neuroscience Department of Pharmacy Department of Biology and Biotechnology "Lazzaro Spallanzani" Department of Chemistry Department of Mathematics Department of Physics Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture Department of Industrial and Information Engineering Department of Economics and Management Department of Law Department of Political and Social Sciences Department of Humanities Department of Musicology Italian - Most of the courses in the University of Pavia are taught in Italian.
English - One single-cycle master's degree and seven master's degrees are offered in English. These degrees are:Six-year degree in Medicine and Surgery Master's degree in Molecular Biology and Genetics Master's degree in Electronic engineering Master's degree in Computer engineering Master's degree in Industrial Automation Engineering Master's degree in International Business and Entrepreneurship Master's degree in Economics and International Integration Master's degree in World Politics and International Relations Michele Ghislieri, Pope Pio V Mario Ageno, biophysics pioneer Cesare Beccaria and philosopher Eugenio Beltrami and physician Sigismondo Boldoni, philosopher, physician Gerolamo Cardano, physician and gambler Luigi Luca Cavalli-Sforza, population geneticist Alfonso Giacomo Gaspare Corti and scientist Baldus de Ubaldis, jurist Contardo Ferrini, jurist Ugo Foscolo, writer and poet Guglielmo Gasparrini and mycologist Camillo Golgi, Nobel prize in Medicine and Physiology Giulio Natta, Nobel prize in Chemistry Otto Ohlendorf, SS general and Holocaust perpetrator, executed for war crimes Gian Domenico Romagnosi, jurist and economist Carlo Rubbia, Nobel prize in Physics Antonio Scarpa and scientist Dionysios Solomos, poet Lazzaro Spallanzani, biologist Lorenzo Valla and philologist Alessandro Volta, developer of the first electric cell Andreas Vesalius, anatomist Angela Agostini Warren Irkendale Roger Bannister Ronald Syme Guido Calabresi Kenneth William, Lord Wedderburn of Charlton.
Clairvoyance is the alleged ability to gain information about an object, location, or physical event through extrasensory perception. Any person, claimed to have such ability is said accordingly to be a clairvoyant. Claims for the existence of paranormal and psychic abilities such as clairvoyance have not been supported by scientific evidence published in high impact factor peer reviewed journals. Parapsychology explores this possibility, but the existence of the paranormal is not accepted by the scientific community. Parapsychology, including the study of clairvoyance, is an example of pseudoscience. Pertaining to the ability of clear-sightedness, clairvoyance refers to the paranormal ability to see persons and events that are distant in time or space, it can be divided into three classes: precognition, the ability to perceive or predict future events, the ability to see past events, remote viewing, the perception of contemporary events happening outside of the range of normal perception. Throughout history, there have been numerous places and times in which people have claimed themselves or others to be clairvoyant.
A number of Christian saints were said to be able to see or know things that were far removed from their immediate sensory perception as a kind of gift from God, including Columba of Iona, Padre Pio and Anne Catherine Emmerich. Jesus Christ in the Gospels is recorded as being able to know things that were far removed from his immediate human perception. In other religions, similar stories of certain individuals being able to see things far removed from their immediate sensory perception are commonplace within pagan religions where oracles were used. Prophecy involved some degree of clairvoyance when future events were predicted. In most of these cases, the ability to see things was attributed to a higher power and not thought of as an ability that lay within the person himself. In Jainism, clairvoyance is regarded as one of the five kinds of knowledge; the beings of hell and heaven are said to possess clairvoyance by birth. According to Jain text Sarvārthasiddhi, "this kind of knowledge has been called avadhi as it ascertains matter in downward range or knows objects within limits".
The earliest record of somnambulistic clairvoyance is credited to the Marquis de Puységur, a follower of Franz Mesmer, who in 1784 was treating a local dull-witted peasant named Victor Race. During treatment, Race would go into trance and undergo a personality change, becoming fluent and articulate, giving diagnosis and prescription for his own disease as well as those of others. Clairvoyance was a reported ability of some mediums during the spiritualist period of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, psychics of many descriptions have claimed clairvoyant ability up to the present day. Early researchers of clairvoyance included William Gregory, Gustav Pagenstecher, Rudolf Tischner. Clairvoyance experiments were reported in 1884 by Charles Richet. Playing cards were enclosed in envelopes and a subject put under hypnosis attempted to identify them; the subject was reported to have been successful in a series of 133 trials but the results dropped to chance level when performed before a group of scientists in Cambridge.
J. M. Peirce and E. C. Pickering reported a similar experiment in which they tested 36 subjects over 23,384 trials which did not obtain above chance scores. Ivor Lloyd Tuckett and Joseph McCabe analyzed early cases of clairvoyance and came to the conclusion they were best explained by coincidence or fraud. In 1919, the magician P. T. Selbit staged a séance at his own flat in Bloomsbury; the spiritualist Arthur Conan Doyle attended the séance and declared the clairvoyance manifestations to be genuine. A significant development in clairvoyance research came when J. B. Rhine, a parapsychologist at Duke University, introduced a standard methodology, with a standard statistical approach to analyzing data, as part of his research into extrasensory perception. A number of psychological departments attempted to repeat Rhine's experiments with failure. W. S. Cox from Princeton University with 132 subjects produced 25,064 trials in a playing card ESP experiment. Cox concluded "There is no evidence of extrasensory perception either in the'average man' or of the group investigated or in any particular individual of that group.
The discrepancy between these results and those obtained by Rhine is due either to uncontrollable factors in experimental procedure or to the difference in the subjects." Four other psychological departments failed to replicate Rhine's results. It was revealed that Rhine's experiments contained procedural errors. Eileen Garrett was tested by Rhine at Duke University in 1933 with Zener cards. Certain symbols that were placed on the cards and sealed in an envelope, she was asked to guess their contents, she performed poorly and criticized the tests by claiming the cards lacked a psychic energy called "energy stimulus" and that she could not perform clairvoyance to order. The parapsychologist Samuel Soal and his colleagues tested Garrett in May, 1937. Most of the experiments were carried out in the Psychological Laboratory at the University College London. A total of over 12,000 guesses were recorded but Garrett failed to produce above chance level. In his report Soal wrote "In the case of Mrs. Eileen Garrett we fail to find the slightest confirmation of Dr. J. B.
Rhine's remarkable claims relating to her alleged powers of extra-sensory perception. Not only did she fail when I took charge of the experiments, but she failed when four other trained experimenters took my place." Remote viewing, al
An aura or human energy field is, according to New Age beliefs, a colored emanation said to enclose a human body or any animal or object. In some esoteric positions, the aura is described as a subtle body. Psychics and holistic medicine practitioners claim to have the ability to see the size and type of vibration of an aura. In New Age alternative medicine, the human aura is seen as a hidden anatomy that affect the health of a client, is understood to comprise centers of vital force called chakra; such claims are pseudoscience. When tested under controlled experiments, the ability to see auras has not been shown to exist. In Latin and Ancient Greek, aura means breeze or breath, it was used in Middle English to mean "gentle breeze". By the end of the 19th century, the word was used in some spiritualist circles to describe a speculated subtle emanation around the body; the concept of auras was first popularized by Charles Webster Leadbeater, a former priest of the Church of England and a member of the mystic Theosophical Society.
Leadbeater had studied theosophy in India, believed he had the capacity to use his clairvoyant powers to make scientific investigations. He claimed that he had discovered that most men come from Mars but the more advanced men come from the Moon, that hydrogen atoms are made of six bodies contained in an egg-like form. In his book Man Visible and Invisible published in 1903, Leadbeater illustrated the aura of man at various stages of his moral evolution, from the "savage" to the saint. In 1910, Leadbeater introduced the modern conception of auras by incorporating the Tantric notion of chakras in his book The Inner Life, but Leadbeater didn’t present the Tantric beliefs to the West, he reconstructed and reinterpreted them by mixing them with his own ideas, without acknowledging the sources of these innovations. Some of Leadbeater’s innovations are describing chakras as energy vortexes, associating each of them with a gland, an organ and other body parts. In the following years, Leadbeater’s ideas on the aura and chakras where adopted and reinterpreted by other Theosophists such as Rudolf Steiner and Edgar Cayce, but his occult anatomy remained of minor interest within the esoteric counterculture until the 1980s, when it was picked up by the New Age movement.
In 1977, American esotericist Christopher Hills published the book Nuclear Evolution: The Rainbow Body, which presented a modified version of Leadbeater’s occult anatomy. Whereas Leadbeater had drawn each chakras with intricately detailed shapes and multiple colors, Hills presented them as a sequence of centers, each one being associated with a color of the rainbow. Most of the subsequent New Age writers will base their representations of the aura on Hill’s interpretation of Leadbeater’s ideas. Chakras became a part of mainstream esoteric speculations in the 1990s. Many New Age techniques that aim to clear blockages of the chakras were developed during those years, such as crystal healing and aura-soma. Chakras were, by the late 1990s, less connected with their theosophical and Hinduist root, more infused with New Age ideas. A variety of New Age books proposed different links between each chakras and colors, personality traits, Christian sacraments, etc. Various type of holistic healing within the New Age movement claim to use aura reading techniques, such as bioenergetic analysis, spiritual energy and energy medicine.
There have been numerous attempts to capture an energy field around the human body, going as far back as photographs by a French army officer in the 1890s. Supernatural interpretations of these images have been the result of a lack of understanding of the simple natural phenomena behind them, such as heat emanating from a human body producing aura-like images under infrared photography. In 1939, Semyon Davidovich Kirlian discovered that by placing an object or body part directly on photographic paper, passing a high voltage across the object, he would obtain the image of a glowing contour surrounding the object; this process became known as Kirlian photography. Some parapsychologists, such as Thelma Moss of UCLA, have proposed that these images show levels of psychic powers and bioenergies. However, studies have found that the Kirlian effect is caused by the presence of moisture on the object being photographed. Electricity produces an area of gas ionization around the object if it is moist, the case for living things.
This causes an alternation of the electric charge pattern on the film. After rigorous experimentations, no mysterious process has been discovered in relation to the Kirlian photography. More recent attempts at capturing auras include the Aura Imaging cameras and software introduced by Guy Coggins in 1992. Coggins claims; the technique has failed to yield reproducible results. Tests of psychic abilities to observe alleged aura emanations have been met with failure. One test involved placing people in a dark room and asking the psychic to state how many auras she could observe. Only chance results were obtained. Recognition of auras has been tested on television. One test involved an aura reader standing on one side of a room with an opaque partition separating her from a number of slots which might contain either actual people or mannequins; the aura reader failed to identify the slots containing people, incorrectly stating that all contained people. In another televised test another aura reader was placed before a partition where five people were standing.
He claimed. As each person moved out, the reader was asked to identify where that person was standing behind the slot, he identified 2 out of
Russian Americans are Americans who trace their ancestry to Russia, the former Russian Empire, or the former Soviet Union. The definition can be applied to recent Russian immigrants to the United States, as well as to settlers of 19th-century Russian settlements in northwestern America. After Russian America was sold to the United States in the mid-nineteenth century, waves of Russian immigrants fleeing religious persecution settled in the United States, including Russian Jews and Spiritual Christians; these groups settled in coastal cities, including Brooklyn on the East coast, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Portland, Oregon, on the West coast. Emigration was restricted during the Soviet era, though in 1990s immigration to the U. S. increased exponentially. Some Ukrainian Americans, Belarusian Americans, Rusyn Americans along with Jewish Americans, German Americans from the former Russian Empire and Soviet Union identify as Russian Americans. According to the Institute of Modern Russia in 2011, the Russian American population is estimated to be 3.13 million.
Many Russian Americans do not speak Russian, having been born in the United States and brought up in English-speaking homes. In 2007, Russian was the primary spoken language of 851,174 Americans at home, according to the U. S. Census. According to the Davis Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies at Harvard, 750,000 Russian Americans were ethnic Russians in 1990; the New York City metropolitan area has been the leading metropolitan gateway for Russian immigrants admitted into the United States. Brighton Beach, Brooklyn continues to be the most important demographic and cultural center for the Russian American experience. However, as Russian Americans have climbed in socioeconomic status, the diaspora from Russia and other former Soviet-bloc states has moved toward more affluent parts of the New York metropolitan area, notably Bergen County, New Jersey. Within Bergen County, the increasing size of the Russian immigrant presence in its hub of Fair Lawn prompted a 2014 April Fool's satire titled, "Putin Moves Against Fair Lawn".
Sometimes Carpatho-Rusyns and Ukrainians who emigrated from Carpathian Ruthenia in the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century identify as Russian Americans. More recent émigrés would refer to this group as the'starozhili', which translates to mean "old residents"; this group became the pillar of the Russian Orthodox Church in America. Today, most of this group has become assimilated into the local society, with ethnic traditions continuing to survive around the church. Russian-born population in the US since 2010: The territory that today is the U. S. state of Alaska was controlled by the Russian Empire. The southernmost such post of the Russian American Company was Fort Ross, established in 1812 by Ivan Kuskov, some 50 miles north of San Francisco, as an agricultural supply base for Russian America, it was part of the Russian-America Company, consisted of four outposts, including Bodega Bay, the Russian River, the Farallon Islands. There was never an established agreement made with the government of New Spain which produced great tension between the two countries.
Spain claimed. But due to the well armed Russian Fort, Spain could not remove the Russians living there. Without the Russians' hospitality the Spanish colony would have been abandoned due to their supplies being lost when Spanish supply ships sank in a large storm off the South American coast. After the Independence of Mexico, tensions were reduced and trade was established with the new government of Mexican California. Russian America was not a profitable colony, due to high transportation costs and declining animal population. After it was purchased by the United States in 1867, the majority of the Russian settlers went back to Russia, but some resettled in southern Alaska and California. Included in these were the first miners and merchants of the California gold rush. All descendants of Russian settlers from Russian Empire, including mixed-race with partial Alaskan Native blood,totally assimilated to the American society. Most Russians in Alaska today are descendants of Russian settlers who came before, and/or after Soviet era.
The first massive wave of immigration from all areas of Europe to the United States took place in the late 19th century, following the 1862 enactment of the Homestead Act. Although some immigration took place earlier – the most notable example being Ivan Turchaninov, who immigrated in 1856 and became a United States Army brigadier general during the Civil War– millions traveled to the new world in the last decade of the 19th century, some for political reasons, some for economic reasons, some for a combination of both. Between 1820 and 1870 only 7,550 Russians immigrated to the United States, but starting with 1881, immigration rate exceeded 10,000 a year: 593,700 in 1891–1900, 1.6 million in 1901–1910, 868,000 in 1911–1914, 43,000 in 1915–1917. The most prominent Russian groups that immigrated in this period were Carpatho-Rusyns from Austria-Hungary who self-identified as "Russians" and those groups from Imperial Russia seeking freedom from religious persecution; the latter included Russian Jews, escaping the 1881–1882 pogroms by Alexander III, moved to New York City and other coastal cities.
Massimo Polidoro is an Italian psychologist, journalist, television personality, co-founder and executive director of the Italian Committee for the Investigation of Claims of the Pseudoscience. As a child in the 1970s, Polidoro was fascinated by magic and the claims surrounding psychic phenomena, he learned in his teens about the work of James Randi, CSICOP through a TV series and a book by Piero Angela investigating parapsychology from a critical, skeptical point of view. Polidoro studied his publications. Randi, like Houdini, was a magician and investigator of mysteries who employed a scientific approach to his investigations. Polidoro corresponded with Randi and Angela by letter where they planned a skeptical organization in Italy based on CSICOP’s work in the United States, he was invited to meet both Angela and Randi and again to a meeting in Rome as Angela's guest in 1988. After spending three days with Polidoro in Rome, both Angela and Randi agreed that Polidoro had the talent and passion to become an apprentice of Randi.
During dinner at Angela’s house, they asked Polidoro if he was interested in learning how to investigate mysteries as Randi’s apprentice, a proposal which Polidoro gladly accepted. With a grant from Angela, Polidoro left for the United States and became Randi's only full-time apprentice in the art of paranormal investigation and psychic testing. After several years during which he helped Randi in his investigations, research and lectures, Polidoro returned to Italy in 1990, where he founded CICAP, he studied psychology, graduated from the University of Padua with a master thesis on the psychology of eyewitness testimony of anomalous phenomena. Polidoro is the Executive Director of CICAP, was the editor of its journal, Scienza & Paranormale, from its debut in 1993 to 2006. In 1996 he became the European representative for the James Randi Educational Foundation. In 2001, he became a member of the European Council of Skeptical Organisations, was nominated as a research fellow of CSICOP, the Committee for the Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal.
When Martin Gardner left his regular column "Notes from a Fringe Watcher" in The Skeptical Inquirer, the magazine of CSICOP, Polidoro was asked to take over, the column was retitled "Notes on a Strange World". Polidoro continues to investigate and test alleged psychics, clairvoyants, mediums, psychic detectives, psychic healers, psychic photographers and many others, he has conducted historical investigations on famous cases and personalities of the past, including Eusapia Palladino and his childhood hero Houdini. Some of this work is collected in his books, two of which, Final Séance and Secrets of the Psychics, have been published by Prometheus Books. In 2004, Polidoro's passion for magic led him to start the magazine, devoted to the study of the history and psychology of conjuring. In 2005 he became the first Italian to hold a course on "Scientific Method and Anomalistic psychology", as a member of the psychology faculty of the University of Milan Bicocca. In October 2018, Polidoro was interviewed by Susan Gerbic for Skeptical Inquirer, announced that he was starting an English language YouTube channel named Stranger Stories.
Polidoro told Gerbic: YouTube today is the best vehicle for reaching a wider, younger, audience. On YouTube I can talk to people who don’t read my books, hear my lectures, or see me on TV. So, last May I started a news series in Italian, “Strane Storie,” where in ten to fifteen minutes I would tell you the story of a famous, or less famous, mystery... and walk you through the solution.... I could find nothing of the sort on YouTube and so I thought there could be an audience for it... my plan is to start a new series in English, “Stranger Stories,” which will take the same approach but address an audience, a gazillion times bigger. On October 20, 2018, Polidoro announced on his YouTube channel that the series would soon premier, the first episode, "Randi Tricks the Trickster", was posted on October 31. Polidoro is the host, special guest, author or consultant of many TV shows, both in Italy and abroad, his international series, Legend Detectives, devoted to the investigation of famous European legends, including Dracula, Robin Hood, the Pied Piper, Rennes-le-Château, the Blood of Saint Januarius and the Man in the Iron Mask, was broadcast on the Discovery Channel.
In 2006 he started a podcast in Italian I Misteri di Massimo Polidoro, dealing with investigation of mysterious subjects both by himself and by other colleagues that contribute to the show. The podcast was broadcast as a radio show for three years, through 2014, on an Italian-language Swiss radio station. In 2014, Polidoro started a new podcast in Italian, L'esploratore dell'insolito, which deals with strange or unusual, historical enigmas, unsolved crimes, methods for the exploration, investigation of mysteries and writing; as a journalist, Polidoro is a contributor to Focus. He is the author of over 40 books in Italian, some of which have been translated into other languages; these cover a variety of subjects related to mysteries, the paranormal, historical enigmas. They cover a wide variety of topics, including a critical history of Spiritualism, a dictionary of Parapsychology, the wreck of the RMS Titanic, a biography of Houdini, famous unsolved crimes of the past, legends related to the mysterious deaths of celebrities.
In 2006 he published his first novel, Il profeta del Reich, a thriller loosely inspired by the life of magician Erik Jan Hanussen. In mid-2007, Itali