Lake St Clair (Tasmania)
Lake St Clair or leeawulenna is a natural freshwater lake located in the Central Highlands area of Tasmania, Australia. The lake forms the southern end of the Cradle Mountain-Lake St Clair National Park, it has an area of 45 square kilometres, a maximum depth of 160 metres, making it Australia's deepest lake. The lake is fed by Narcissus River, Cuvier River, Hamilton Creek and marks the start of the River Derwent. Lake St Clair was formed through glacial erosion, along with the surrounding river valleys. Lake St Clair is located on the edge of the Big River Tasmanian Aboriginal Nation, there is evidence that they hunted on the surrounding button grass plains. Numerous small quarries and campgrounds are located nearby, with the closest dated site putting human occupation at 10,000 years ago; the first European explorer to see the lake was surveyor William Sharland in 1832, with George Frankland leading an expedition to it three years later. In 1840 James Calder cut a track from the lake to Macquarie Harbour, followed by another more practical track by Burgess.
The Burgess track was maintained and recut my miners until 1883 when a new lower level route was discovered, which became the Lyell Highway. The area surrounding the lake was used by snarer and hunters from 1860 until the collapse of the fur trade in the 1950s, although it was illegal from 1927 onwards. In 1937 the Derwent river was dammed just below the lake, a pumping station installed - enabling Hydro Tasmania to drain the lake up to 6 meteres and feed water to the Tarraleah Power Station; the fluctuating water levels have caused erosion and environmental degradation since. The pumphouse was decommissioned in the 1990s, transformed into a hotel in 2015; the Cradle Mountain-Lake St Clair area was declared a scenic reserve in 1922, a wildlife reserve in 1927, a national park in 1947 and a world heritage area from 1982. In 1871, the Tasmanian Guidebook mentioned Lake St Clair as being'admired for its scenery by the few who visit' By 1900 there was a boatshed, improved access and horse paddocks at Cynthia Bay, with the first tourists arriving by car in 1915.
From 1911 the beginnings of the Overland Track to Cradle Mountain began to form, with the route blazed by Bert Nichols in 1931. A guesthouse was built at Cynthia Bay in 1930, followed by improved parking and visitor facilities; the lake has been a popular tourist destination, with most tourists visiting to walk and learn about the history. Following a decision by the Tasmanian Government to allow development in national parks and conservations areas an'in principle' permit was granted for the establishment of an'eco-friendly' resort at Pumphouse Point at Lake St Clair. List of reservoirs and dams in Tasmania List of lakes in Tasmania Overland Track "Lake St Clair". Parks & Wildlife Service. Government of Tasmania. 29 July 2016. "Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area Management Plan 2016". Department of Primary Industries, Parks,Water and Environment. Hobart: Government of Tasmania. 2016. ISBN 978-0-7246-6806-9. Lake St Clair Fishing Information & Map
Central Highlands (Tasmania)
The Central Highlands is a region in Tasmania, Australia where geographical and administrative boundaries coincide. It is known as The Lake Country of Tasmania; the mountains of Central Tasmania are found in four different conservation reserves: Cradle Mountain-Lake St Clair National Park - in the western part Walls of Jerusalem National Park - in the central part Central Plateau Conservation Area in the eastern part The Central Highlands Council incorporates most of the highland region. Early power developments by Hydro Tasmania in the Central Highlands included the communities of workers who were employed in construction. Significant numbers of the communities were migrants to Australia The Tarraleah community was one established in 1934, a significant early community for the Upper Derwent Power Development; the part of Tarraleah known as Ticklebelly Flat - the area of the married quarters of the community - has become a part of Hydro history, being utilised in the most comprehensive history of the Hydro to date, Heather Fenton's book Ticklebelly Tales Due to the large number of waterbodies in the Central Highlands, fishing is a long-standing popular activity in the area.
The combined councils of the Central Highlands and the two Midlands councils - the southern and the northern have had for a decade a web based portal which combines the areas to a name of Tasmanian heartland. Many lakes are found in the Central Highlands - giving the region the tourist feature of the'Lakes Region'. Land degradation on the Central Plateau, Tasmania: the legacy of 170 years of exploitation Hobart, Tas.: Earth Science Section and Wildlife Service, Dept. of Environment and Land Management. ISBN 0-7246-1930-5 Occasional paper. Jetson, Tim; the roof of Tasmania: a history of the Central Plateau Launceston, Tas.: Pelion Press. ISBN 0-7316-7214-3 McKenny, Helen. A guide to vegetation management issues in the Central Plateau region, Tasmania Hobart, Tas. Dept. of Primary Industries and Environment, ISBN 0-7246-6238-3
Division of Lyons
The Division of Lyons is an Australian electoral division in Tasmania. The division was created at the Federal redistribution of 12 September 1984 as a reconfigured version of the abolished Division of Wilmot; the name jointly honours Joseph Lyons, Prime Minister of Australia 1932–39, Member for Wilmot from 1929–39, his wife Dame Enid Lyons, the first woman elected to the Australian House of Representatives and subsequently the first female member of Cabinet. Joseph Lyons had represented Wilmot at the state level from 1909 to 1929, it has been a marginal seat, changing hands between the Australian Labor Party and the Liberal Party. It is located in central Tasmania, stretching from the eastern to northern coast and includes such places as New Norfolk, Deloraine and St Marys, as well as the outer northern suburbs of Hobart. Division of Lyons – Australian Electoral Commission 2016 Census QuickStats, Federal Division of Lyons
Walls of Jerusalem National Park
The Walls of Jerusalem National Park is a national park located in the Central Highlands region of Tasmania, Australia. The park is located 144 km northwest of Hobart, east of the Cradle Mountain-Lake St Clair National Park, west of the Central Plateau Conservation Area, it is south of Mole Creek and Rowallan Lake. The national park forms part of the Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area; the park takes its name from the geological features of the park which are thought to resemble the walls of the city of Jerusalem. As a result, many places and features within the park have Biblical references for names, such as Herods Gate, Lake Salome, Solomons Jewels, Damascus Gate, the Pool of Bethesda. According to local legend, a prophet roams the wilderness, cursing the nations of the walkers who enter the park; the most prominent feature of the park is King Davids Peak with an elevation of 1,509 metres above sea level. Much of the walking track consists of raised boards, from Wild Dog Creek through to Dixon's Kingdom, with the purpose of protecting the fragile alpine vegetation.
Walking tracks elsewhere in the park consist of rock, rocky earth and marsh. Protected areas of Tasmania Savage River National Park Qantas Flight 1737
Cradle Mountain-Lake St Clair National Park
Cradle Mountain-Lake St Clair National Park is located in the Central Highlands area of Tasmania, 165 kilometres northwest of Hobart. The park contains many walking trails, is where hikes along the well-known Overland Track begin. Major features are Cradle Mountain and Barn Bluff in the northern end, Mount Pelion East, Mount Pelion West, Mount Oakleigh and Mount Ossa in the middle and Lake St Clair in the southern end of the park; the park is part of the Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area. Access from the south is from Derwent Bridge on the Lyell Highway. Northern access is via Sheffield, Wilmot or Mole Creek. A less used entrance is via the Arm River Track, from the east. In 2005, the Tasmanian Parks and Wildlife Service introduced a booking system and fee for use of the Overland Track over peak periods; the fee was $100, but this was raised to $150 in 2007, as at August 2011 is $180. The money, collected is used to finance the park ranger organisation, track maintenance, building of new facilities and rental of helicopter transport to remove waste from the toilets at the huts in the park.
The Tasmanian Government has moved to allow development in national conservations areas. An'In principle' permit has been granted for the establishment of an'eco-friendly' resort at Pumphouse Point at Lake St Clair; the Cradle Mountain-Lake St Clair National Park is a significant location of Tasmania's endemic species — 40–55% of the park's documented alpine flora is endemic. Furthermore, 68% of the higher rainforest species recorded in alpine areas in Tasmania are present in the Cradle Mountain-Lake St Clair National Park; the park's alpine vegetation is diverse and has escaped forest fires that have caused neighbouring regions to suffer. Animals present in the park include: pademelons, Bennett's wallabies, Tasmanian devils, platypuses, possums and currawongs; the park has been identified as an Important Bird Area because it provides habitat for 11 of Tasmania's endemic bird species, as well as for the flame and pink robins and the striated fieldwren. The IBA is important. Fungi are a part of the Park's biodiversity.
While the Management Plan for Cradle Mountain–Lake St Clair National Park only mentions fungi in the context of their destructive effects, the Park has a great variety of fungi that perform beneficial ecological roles. In fact, most fungi perform positive rather than negative roles. Parasitic fungi – regarded only negatively – are a vital part of healthy ecosystems, regulating ecosystem functions; as primary recyclers of organic matter, saprobic fungi break down fallen branches and leaf litter, making vital nutrients available to other organisms. Other fungi form symbiotic relationships with other organisms. Although acknowledged, the great majority of plants in Cradle Mountain–Lake St Clair National Park form mutually beneficial mycorrhizal relationships with fungi. Given the great diversity of plants, specialist habitats and micro-climates in the park, a great diversity of fungi, including lichens, is expected to occur there. Several hundred species have been recorded by field naturalists and interested individuals and can be found in the Atlas of Living Australia.
Despite their essential roles in underpinning terrestrial ecosystems, fungi are recognised as a vital part of Australia's biodiversity. Although Australia has national and state level biodiversity conservation strategies and has ratified international conventions, most overlook fungi, including Tasmania's Natural Heritage Strategy, which only makes one generic reference to fungi. One of the more a conspicuous species found in the wetter parts of the park is the strawberry bracket fungus, it grows on myrtle snow gums. The Australian citizen-science organisation, Fungimap is documenting and mapping the distribution of fungi including those that occur in National Parks. Cortinarius metallicus is a mycorrhizal species found in the park; this area was used to film the first two segments of the Discovery Channel documentary When Dinosaurs Roamed America. Those two segments were set in Early Jurassic Pennsylvania. Gustav Weindorfer Protected areas of Tasmania Chapman, Monica Chapman and John Siseman Cradle Mountain, Lake St Clair and Walls of Jerusalem National Parks 5th ed. Laburnum, Vic.: J. Chapman.
ISBN 1-920995-01-3 Tasmania's Parks and Wildlife Service page about Lake St. Clair Tasmania's Parks and Wildlife Service page about Cradle Mountain UNESCO's World Heritage List web page for the Tasmanian Wilderness An article touching on the park's flora
The Acropolis (mountain)
The Acropolis is a mountain in the Central Highlands region of Tasmania, Australia. Situated in the Cradle Mountain-Lake St Clair National Park, the mountain is part of the Du Cane Range. With an elevation of 1,481 metres above sea level, it is within the top twenty-five highest mountains in Tasmania, it is a major feature of the national park, is a popular venue with bushwalkers and mountain climbers. The word acropolis means citadel. List of highest mountains of Tasmania Parks Tasmania Kiernan, Kevin. "Mountain geomorphology and the Last Glaciation at Lake St Clair". Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania. Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, University of Tasmania. 126: 47–57. OCLC 271191704. Retrieved 7 June 2015
Du Cane Range
The Du Cane Range is a mountain range in the Central Highlands region of Tasmania, Australia. An unnamed peak on the main ridge of the Du Cane Range has an elevation of 1,520 metres above sea level and is the eleventh highest mountain peak in Tasmania. Major peaks in the range include The Acropolis, Mount Geryon, The Parthenon, Mount Eros, Mount Hyperion, Mount Massif, Mount Achilles, Falling Mountain. Tasmania's highest peak at an elevation of 1,617 metres is nearby, but not in the Du Cane Range; the range is a major feature of the Cradle Mountain-Lake St Clair National Park, is a popular venue with bushwalkers and mountain climbers. The Du Cane Range was named in honour of Sir Charles Du Cane, the Governor of Tasmania from 1874 to 1878. List of highest mountains of Tasmania Parks Tasmania Kiernan, Kevin. "Mountain geomorphology and the Last Glaciation at Lake St Clair". Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania. Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, University of Tasmania.
126: 47–57. OCLC 271191704. Retrieved 7 June 2015