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Hubert Le Blanc

Hubert Le Blanc was a French viol player, doctor of law and abbé. Regretting that viol playing was falling out of fashion, he wrote the treatise Défense de la basse de viole contre les enterprises du violon et les prétentions du violoncelle, published in Amsterdam by Pierre Mortier in 1740; those who have written about him are unanimous in considering him an eccentric: his German translator called him "a somewhat sarcastic old gentleman". Despite his reputation for eccentricity and his purple prose, larded with mythological allusions, he provides a wealth of eyewitness information about eighteenth-century musical life; the treatise is divided into three parts. In the first part, Le Blanc associates pièces with the viol, music in the French taste, musical poetry, he discusses the viol playing of Marin Marais and Antoine Forqueray in detail, suggesting that he was old enough to have witnessed their playing in person. The second part, the longest in the treatise, is told in the form of a dialogue between "Sultan Violin, an abortion and a pygmy," and Lady Viol, in which these allegorical characters debate the relative merits of the viol and the violin in the Jardin des Tuilieres prior to a Concert Spirituel in which the violinists Giovanni Battista Somis and Francesco Geminiani are to play in the Italian style at a publicized concert.

This section provides insight into the transition from private music-making by amateurs amongst the nobility and high bourgeoisie to music-making by professionals in a public concert hall. In the third part, Le Blanc offers a solution to the declining popularity of the viol and expanding popularity of the violin, by explaining how to play violin music on the viol; the wealth of detail in this part demonstrates that Le Blanc must have been an expert player himself, describes contemporary performance practice, both on the viol and on other instruments. Fétis, François-Joseph, Biographie universelle des musiciens et biographie generale de la musique, 2nd ed. Paris: Firmin, Didot, 1873–1875, available in Gallica. Jackson, Barbara Garvey, "Hubert Le Blanc's Défense de la basse de viole", Journal of the Viola da Gamba Society of America Vol. X, pp. 11–28, 69-80. Le Blanc, Hubert, Défense de la basse de viole, Geneva: Minkoff Reprint, 1975, ISBN 2-8266-0615-8

Canadian Policy Research Networks

Canadian Policy Research Networks was a non-profit, non-partisan socio-economic think tank based in Ottawa, Canada, with a focus on citizen engagement and policy research and analysis. Founded in 1994, CPRN produced several hundred research documents on a wide variety of public policy issues, including citizenship. CPRN hosted the site which provided resources on the quality of jobs in Canada. CPRN produced more than 700 publications which touched on all the major socio-economic challenges facing Canada. According to a federal government external evaluation from 2005, CPRN was "somewhat unique among think tanks" having developed expertise in health and social policy "with a special niche in the area of systematic public engagement". In Think Tanks Across Nations, the authors flag CPRN as having had an important interdisciplinary approach to policy research and state that this is "something which...few think tanks accomplish." Research from the Johnson-Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy, University of Regina states that CPRN had "a major influence on Canadian social policy decision-makers" and was "responsive to the needs of decision-makers in producing policies capable of implementation within short time frames."

They further note that CPRN was once Canada's most influential social policy think tank based on website visibility and influence. In 2003, CPRN won Carleton University's Kroeger College Award in Public Discourse, in recognition of "excellence in contributing to the quality of public debate in Canada." Dr. Sharon Manson Singer was the most recent President of Canadian Policy Research Networks; the Founder and Past-President of CPRN was Judith Maxwell, the Chair of the Economic Council of Canada. On October 27, 2009 it was announced that CPRN would close its doors on December 23, 2009 after 15 years of public service, due to lack of government and other public funding resources. On December 23, 2009, CPRN announced that Carleton University will now house the complete body of CPRN reports and publications in hard copy and all archival materials; the documents will be available for use to the general public, free of charge, at the university library. Carleton University agreed to host and maintain the CPRN website for seven years after the closure date which will permit electronic access to 15-years of CPRN downloadable reports, free of charge.

According to Roseann O'Reilly Runte, President of Carleton University,"Carleton has a long tradition as a leader in groundbreaking public policy research. Serving as the repository of the CPRN archive will guarantee that our students and the public continue to have access to the significant body of work undertaken by CPRN over the past 15 years." CPRN had provided original evidence-based research, public policy briefs and recommendations, deliberative dialogues and citizen engagement, stakeholder engagement with business and government leaders, knowledge translation for important public policy issues. Charting the Course for Youth Civic and Political Participation Series The Vulnerable Workers Research Series Pathways to the Youth Labour Market Research Series Human Resource Issues in Canada's Non-profit Sector Series Citizens' Dialogue on the Kind of Canada We Want What's a Good Job — The Importance of Employment Relationships by Graham Lowe and Grant Schellenberg Too Many Left Behind by Patrice de Broucker How Canada Stacks Up: The Quality of Work – An International Perspective by Richard Brisbois 21st Century Job Quality: Achieving What Canadians Want by Graham Lowe Canadian Policy Research Networks Job Quality -- affiliated Website Connecting with Canadians 5-year Research Program

David Cliche

David Cliche is a Quebec politician. He represented Vimont in the National Assembly of Quebec from 1994 to 2002, as a member of the Parti Québécois, he is the son of lawyer and former head of the New Democratic Party of Quebec, Robert Cliche and writer Madeleine Ferron. Cliche earned a bachelor's degree in Geology and a master's degree in Development from the University of Montreal and began a career in environmental management. Cliche ran for the Parti Québécois in the constituency of Vimont in 1989 but was defeated by Benoît Fradet of the Liberal Party, in 1994 he ran again and this time defeated Fradet and was part of the Parti Québécois government of Lucien Bouchard, he was re-elected in 1998. Cliche held several ministerial positions in the governments of Lucien Bouchard and Bernard Landry: he was Minister of Environment and Wildlife, Minister for Tourism Information Highway and Government Services and Minister for Research and Technology. Cliche resigned from his position as Minister and MNA for Vimont on January 30, 2002.

Since leaving politics, he worked as an environmental consultant


Hattersley is an area of Tameside, Greater Manchester, England, 4 miles west of Glossop and 10 miles east of Manchester city centre at the eastern terminus of the M67. Part of Tintwistle Rural District in Cheshire until 1974, it is the site of an overspill estate built by Manchester City Council in the 1960s. Between 1894 and 1936 Hattersley was a rural civil parish in the Tintwistle Rural District in the historical county of Cheshire. In 1936 it remained undeveloped. At the beginning of the 1960s, most of the area was purchased by Manchester City Council to build a large overspill estate, which became home to many families rehoused from inner-city slum areas like Gorton. Another similar estate was built in Gamesley. Both these estates consist of council-built houses. Regeneration in Hattersley is coordinated by Hattersley Neighbourhood Partnership; the city council transferred control of most of Hattersley's housing stock to Peak Valley Housing Association in 2006 after an attempt to transfer it to the Harvest Housing Group which collapsed when a £20 million gap in funding to refurbish the homes to new housing standards was identified.

The transfer brought a £40 million, seven-year improvement plan for existing housing tied to a £140m investment from a private developer. Selective demolition has begun to remove some obsolete housing leaving space for redevelopment and investment in education and public services. Seven tower blocks were demolished in 2001. Demolition of some of the 1960s low-rise houses on the estate took place in 2007 and 2008, these houses having deteriorated to a condition where refurbishment was not viable, in spite of these houses being just over 40 years old. In 2012 a Tesco supermarket was opened, despite residents' concern about extra traffic. Moors murderer Myra Hindley and her grandmother Ellen Maybury, together with Hindley's boyfriend Ian Brady, were rehoused in Hattersley from Gorton in 1964 and lived at a new council house in the area – 16 Wardle Brook Avenue – for 12 months until they Hindley and Brady were arrested in October 1965. Brady spent much of his time at the house with Hindley and together they carried out the killings of 10-year-old Lesley Ann Downey and 17-year-old Edward Evans at the house.

The body of Downey was buried on nearby Saddleworth Moor the day after her murder on Boxing Day 1964, It was found in the initial search of the moors nearly a year but the body of Edward Evans was found at the house in October 1965 before the couple could dispose of it. In October 1987, Manchester City Council demolished the house as they could not find tenants willing to live there; the site of the house remains vacant. On 18 September 2012, drug dealer Dale Cregan made a hoax emergency call to the police from an address in Hattersley, luring Police Constables Nicola Hughes, 23, Fiona Bone, 32, of Greater Manchester Police there by claiming that there had been an incident of criminal damage; when they arrived, he ambushed the constables, shooting them and throwing an M75 hand grenade at them. Both officers were hit by at least eight bullets, he turned himself in at Hyde police station and was charged with their murders. Hattersley had a monthly community newspaper, the Hattersley & Mottram Community News, produced by local people.

It ceased publication in 2011. It is home to No 468 Squadron Air Cadets. Ricky Hatton, the former two-weight world champion boxer, grew up on the estate. Lisa Huo, brought up in Hattersley, was a contestant on Big Brother 7. Shayne Ward, from Hattersley, was on The X Factor. Listed buildings in Longdendale

Japanese submarine Ro-45

The Japanese submarine Ro-45 was a Kaichū type submarine of the K6 sub-class built for the Imperial Japanese Navy during the 1930s. The submarines of the K6 sub-class were versions of the preceding K5 sub-class with greater range and diving depth, they displaced 1,133 tonnes surfaced and 1,470 tonnes submerged. The submarines were 80.5 meters long, had a beam of 7 meters and a draft of 4.07 meters. They had a diving depth of 80 meters. For surface running, the boats were powered by two 2,100-brake-horsepower diesel engines, each driving one propeller shaft; when submerged each propeller was driven by a 600-horsepower electric motor. They could reach 19.75 knots on 8 knots underwater. On the surface, the K6s had a range of 11,000 nautical miles at 12 knots; the boats were armed with four internal bow 53.3 cm torpedo tubes and carried a total of ten torpedoes. They were armed with a single 76.2 mm L/40 anti-aircraft gun and two single 25 mm AA guns. Ro-45 was completed and commissioned at Mitsubishi Shipbuilding on January 11, 1944.

It was based in the Maizuru Naval District under the command of Commander Hamazumi Yoshihisa. It was reassigned to the Sixth Fleet and sent to Truk. Differing accounts of the submarine's fate exist; some sources suggest that it was sunk off of the coast of Saipan by the USS Seahorse on 20 April 1944. Other sources, indicate that the ship participated in an attack on an American task force near Truk on April 30, 1944; these sources differ on the ultimate fate of the ship: some claim it was sunk during the attack, while others say that it was presumed lost on May 20, 1944. Bagnasco, Erminio. Submarines of World War Two. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-962-6. Carpenter, Dorr B. & Polmar, Norman. Submarines of the Imperial Japanese Navy 1904–1945. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-396-6. Chesneau, Roger, ed.. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922–1946. Greenwich, UK: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-146-7. Hackett, Bob. "IJN Submarine RO-45: Tabular Record of Movement".

SENSUIKAN! Stories and Battle Histories of the IJN's Submarines. Retrieved 18 August 2015. Hackett, Bob. "Kaichu Type". Sensuikan!. Retrieved 10 May 2009. Hashimoto, Mochitsura. Sunk: The Story of the Japanese Submarine Fleet 1942 – 1945. Colegrave, E. H. M.. London: Cassell and Company. ASIN B000QSM3L0