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Desilu Productions

Desilu Productions was an American television production company founded and co-owned by husband and wife Desi Arnaz and Lucille Ball. The company is best known for shows such as The Untouchables and Star Trek; until 1962, Desilu was the second-largest independent television production company in the U. S. behind MCA's Revue Studios, until MCA bought Universal Pictures and Desilu became and remained the number-one independent production company, until being sold in 1984. Ball and Arnaz jointly owned the majority stake in Desilu from its inception until 1962, when Ball bought out Arnaz and ran the company by herself for several years. Ball had succeeded in making Desilu profitable again by 1968, when she sold her shares of Desilu to Gulf+Western for $17 million. Gulf+Western transformed Desilu into the television production arm of Paramount Pictures, rebranding the company as the original Paramount Television. Desilu's entire library is owned by ViacomCBS through two of its subsidiaries; the CBS unit owns all Desilu properties that were produced and concluded before 1960, which were sold to CBS by Desilu itself.

Its CBS Television Studios unit owns the rights to everything Desilu produced after 1960 as successor in interest to Paramount Television. Desilu Productions was formed in 1950 using the combined names of "Desi Arnaz" and "Lucille Ball". Desilu Productions was created to produce Lucy and Desi's vaudeville act to sell the television series to Columbia Broadcasting System executives. Arnaz and Ball wanted to adapt Ball's CBS radio series My Favorite Husband to television; the television project became I Love Lucy. During the first few years of I Love Lucy, Desilu rented space at General Service Studios, on Santa Monica Boulevard and North Las Palmas Avenue. Desilu Productions used Stage Two, named Desilu Playhouse. A special entrance was created at 6633 Romaine Street on the south side of the lot to allow entrance into the Desilu Playhouse. Ball's contribution was more on the artistic side. Ball had developed a sense for making many Desilu program proposals which would be popular to broad audiences and be successful in their original broadcast and syndication reruns.

Before starring in I Love Lucy, Ball had starred in many B movies before co-founding Desilu Productions, based on that experience, she had a good idea of what television audiences wanted. Ball approved original production concepts for development into broadcast series, she assessed proposed projects based on how the public would enjoy the production and their potential for long-term acceptance and enjoyment. This led to a profitable revenue stream from the programs through reruns, which would recover the studio's high development and production costs; as a result decades after the absorption of Desilu Productions and the production end of all of the original television series Desilu approved for development, certain series have achieved enduring success and, in some cases, redevelopment into feature-length motion picture franchises in their own right. The Untouchables, Star Trek, Mission Impossible, are examples. Much of Desilu Productions' early success can be traced to Arnaz's unusual business style in his role as producer of I Love Lucy.

For example, lacking formal business training, Arnaz knew nothing of amortization and included all the costs incurred by the production into the first episode of a season rather than spreading them across the projected number of episodes in the year. As a result, by the end of the season, episodes would be nearly paid for and would come in at preposterously low figures. At that time, most television programs were broadcast live, as the largest markets were in New York, the rest of the country received only images derived from kinescopes. Karl Freund, the cameraman on I Love Lucy, Arnaz himself have been credited with the development of the linked multifilm camera setup using adjacent sets in front of a live audience that became the standard production method for situation comedies; the use of film enabled every station around the country to broadcast high-quality images of the show. Arnaz was told that it would be impossible to allow an audience onto a sound stage, but he worked with Freund to design a set that would accommodate an audience, allow filming, adhere to fire and safety codes.

Network executives considered the use of film an unnecessary extravagance. Arnaz persuaded them to allow Desilu to cover all additional costs associated with filming, rather than broadcasting live, under the stipulation that Desilu owned and controlled all rights to the film prints and negatives. Arnaz's unprecedented arrangement is considered to be one of the shrewdest deals in television history; as a result of his foresight, Desilu reaped the profits from all reruns of the series. Desilu soon outgrew its first space and in 1954 bought its own studio, the Motion Picture Center on Cahuenga Boulevard in Hollywood, what is now Red Studios Hollywood. Most of the I Love Lucy episodes were produced here. In late 1957, the company bought the RKO Pictures production facilities for $6 million from General Tire and Rubber, including RKO's main facilities on Gower Street in Hollywood and the RKO-Pathé lot in Culver City; this purchase included the backlot where exteriors for Mayberry were filmed. These acquisitions gave the Ball-Arnaz TV empire a total of 33 sound stages — four more than Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and eleven more than Twentieth Century-Fox had in 1957.

The studio's initial attempt to become involved in film production was the film Forever, Darling and Ball's followup to their successful MGM release The Long, Long Trailer (19

Dr. Nim

Dr. Nim is a toy invented by John Thomas Godfrey and manufactured by E. S. R. Inc. in the mid-1960s. It consists of a marble-powered plastic computer capable of playing the game of Nim; the machine selects its moves through the action of the marbles falling through the levers of the machine. Dr. Nim is an early computer game; the "game board" is based on the mechanical Digi-Comp II digital computer. It has memory switches; the unit is programmed by lobed levers that affect and are affected by marbles that are released from the top of the game. Three of the levers set the start position; the fourth lever is the'equaliser' option. A fifth lever acts as a switch to indicate; the player takes a turn by pressing a button to release one marble at a time, to a maximum of three flips the switch and presses the button again to start the machine's turn. After the machine has played, the last released marble flips the switch back to end the turn. Dr. Nim was based on a mathematical game called NIM, which consisted of twelve marbles.

A simple strategy will always win as long. This is the strategy for single-pile NIM: If the opponent takes 3 marbles, the first player should take 1. If the opponent takes 2 marbles, the first player should take 2. If the opponent takes 1 marble, the first player should take 3; the goal of the game is to get the last marble. The mathematics communicator. Original manual: Icarus archive version, One-legged Sandpiper version Dr Nim entry at Jim's Computer Museum The Amazing Dr Nim game/puzzle on YouTube Dr Nim script and explanation on Ancient Pond Dr. Nim Replica - Instructions and files for making your own Dr. Nim scale model

Panorama Developments (Guildford) Ltd v Fidelis Furnishing Fabrics Ltd

Panorama Developments Ltd v Fidelis Furnishing Fabrics Ltd 2 QB 711 is a UK company law case, concerning the enforceability of obligations against a company. Fidelis’ company secretary, Mr Bayne, hired cars from Panorama Development's business, Belgravia Executive Car Rental. Bayne used the Fidelis' paper and represented that he wished to hire a number of Rolls-Royce's and Jaguars for the business while his managing director was away, he was lying and he used them himself. Bayne was prosecuted and imprisoned. Fidelis claimed that it was not bound to the hire contracts, because Bayne never had the authority to enter them. Lord Denning MR held that Fidelis was bound on the contract to Panorama. Mr Bayne, as company secretary had implied actual authority by virtue of his position as Company Secretary to enter into such agreements. Times had changed since 1887 when Barnett v South London Tramways Co held that company secretaries could not be assumed to have authority for anything. Secretaries are ‘certainly entitled to sign contracts connected with the administrative side of a company’s affairs, such as employing staff and ordering cars, so forth.’ His judgment went as follows.

Salmon LJ said the secretary ‘is the chief administrative officer of the company’ so he has ostensible authority with administrative matters. Nothing is more natural than ‘ordering cars so that its servants may go and meet foreign customers at airports, nothing to my mind, is more natural than that the company should hire those cars through its secretary.’ It might not be so with matters of commercial management of the company, for example, a contract for the sale or purchase of goods in which the company deals’ but, not the case here. Megaw LJ concurred. Agency in English law Capacity in English law UK company law

Xavier Musketeers men's basketball

The Xavier Musketeers men's basketball team represents Xavier University in Cincinnati, Ohio. The school's team competes in the Big East Conference. Of all Division I programs yet to make a Final 4, Xavier has the most all-time tournament wins with 27. Xavier has appeared in the NCAA Tournament 27 times, 15 times in the last 17 years. On March 11, 2018, Xavier earned its first No. 1 seed for the NCAA Tournament. Xavier won four Atlantic 10 Tournament Championships. Xavier has won or shared 17 regular season conference championships, while winning 9 conference tournament championships. In addition, they have won one Big East Conference regular season title in 2018. Xavier has been listed among the top-20 most valuable college basketball programs in the US; the first Xavier Basketball game on record was February 1920 at the Fenwick Club in Cincinnati. Coached by Joe Meyer, the Musketeers compiled a 94–52 record during Meyer's's 13-year run as head coach from 1920 to 1933; the Musketeer's success continued under second head coach Clem Crowe.

During Crowe's 10 years as Xavier head coach, Xavier compiled a record of 96–78. Crowe's 96 wins as a head coach rank fourth all-time among Xavier head coaches. Following the 1942–43 season, play was suspended for the following two seasons because of World War II. In 1945, the program resumed under the leadership of head coach Ed Burns. In his one season as head coach, Burns compiled a record of 3–16. In 1946, Burns was replaced by Lew Hirt. Under Hirt, the Musketeers first postseason appearance was in the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics during the 1948 NAIA National Basketball Tournament, the national tournament for small colleges. Xavier finished in 4th place, losing to Hamline University in the national third-place game, 58–59. 1948 was the only year. In 1951, Hirt was replaced as head coach by Ned Wulk. Wulk guided the Musketeers to National Invitational Tournament appearances in 1956 and 1957; the 1956 appearance marked an 84 -- 80 victory over Saint Louis. After a loss to Bradley in the 1957 NIT, Wulk was replaced as head coach by Jim McCafferty.

McCafferty led the Musketeers back to a third straight NIT in 1958. With wins over Niagara, Bradley, St. Bonaventure and Dayton, Xavier captured the NIT; that was the first postseason championship won by any Ohio Division I school. In 1961, McCafferty led Xavier to their first appearance in the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament. On March 14, 1961, Xavier fell to Morehead State at the Kentucky State Fairgrounds in Louisville, Kentucky. McCafferty was replaced as head coach in 1963, he would be followed by George Krajack, Dick Campbell and Tay Baker. In 1979, Xavier was one of the charter members of the Midwestern City Conference, which included Butler, Loyola, Oklahoma City, Oral Roberts; that year marked the hiring of head coach Bob Staak, who compiled an 88–86 record during his six seasons as head coach, including a return to both the NCAA Tournament and NIT. 1985 once again marked considerable change for the program. In addition to the hiring of head coach Pete Gillen, the Midwestern City Conference altered its name to the Midwestern Collegiate Conference, adding more teams including Detroit, Notre Dame, Saint Louis and Dayton.

The MCC is the predecessor to the present-day Horizon League. Xavier was a member of the MCC from 1979–1995 and won eight regular season and six conference tournament championships. From 1985 to 1994, Gillen compiled a 202–75 record, including the program's first five wins in the NCAA Tournament; the Musketeers advanced to the NCAA Tournament in six of Gillen's nine years at the helm. In 1990, Xavier beat Kansas State and future Big East colleagues Georgetown to advance to the program's first Sweet Sixteen. Skip Prosser was hired in the spring of 1994 to replace departed head coach Pete Gillen. In his seven seasons as head coach, Prosser compiled a 148–65 record with four NCAA Tournament appearances. Prosser's 148 wins are third all-time at Xavier. During his time at Xavier, Prosser continued to build on the momentum. Early in his tenure, Prosser added recruits Gary Lumpkin, Darnell Williams, Lenny Brown and James Posey; those four players provided the core of Prosser's success during his time at Xavier.

After missing the NCAA Tournament in both 1999 and 2000, Xavier returned to the tournament in 2001. Following a loss to Notre Dame in the tournament's first round, Prosser accepted the position of head coach at Wake Forest. Thad Matta left alma mater Butler to replace Skip Prosser as Xavier's head coach in 2001. Hired with only one year of head coaching experience, Matta inherited a talented core of players in David West, Lionel Chalmers, Romain Sato. During his three years at the helm, Matta compiled a record of 78–23, with three straight NCAA Tournament appearances and Xavier's first appearance in the NCAA Tournament Elite Eight. Matta won two Atlantic 10 regular-season championships in his first two years behind the play of National Player of the Year David West. Following Matta's second year, West was drafted in the first round of the 2003 NBA draft by the New Orleans Hornets. With West's departure, seniors Lionel Chalmers, Romain Sato and Anthony Myles became the team's cornerstone for the 2003–04 season.

After a 10–9 start, Xavier closed the season by winning 16 of its last 18 games. "The Run", as it became known, left Xavier 3 points shy of making the program's first NCAA Final Four appearance. The summer following Xavier's first Elite Eight appearance, Matta was offered and accepted the po

2018 Cal State Fullerton Titans baseball team

The 2018 Cal State Fullerton Titans baseball team represented California State University, Fullerton in the 2018 NCAA Division I baseball season as a member of the Big West Conference. The team played their home games at Goodwin Field; the Titans finished 39–24 overall, 15–9 in the conference. In the postseason, the Titans were invited and participated in the 2017 NCAA Division I Baseball Tournament, where they defeated BYU and Stanford twice in Stanford, California Long Beach State twice in Long Beach and losing to Florida State and Oregon State in the College World Series in Omaha, Nebraska; the Titans had seven individuals selected in the 2017 MLB draft

CastAR

CastAR was a Palo Alto-based technology startup company founded in March 2013 by Jeri Ellsworth and Rick Johnson. Its first product was to be a pair of augmented reality and virtual reality glasses. CastAR was a founding member of the nonprofit Immersive Technology Alliance. CastAR was founded by two former Valve employees. While still at Valve, their team had spent over a year working on the project, they obtained legal ownership of their work after their departure. In August 2015, Playground Global funded $15M into castAR to build its product and create mixed-reality experiences. In August 2016, Darrell Rodriguez, former President of LucasArts, joined as the new CEO. In addition, Steve Parkis became President and COO, after leading teams at The Walt Disney Company and Zynga. In September 2016, they opened castAR Salt Lake City, a new development studio formed from a team hired out of the former Avalanche Software, which worked on the Disney Infinity series. In October 2016, they announced the acquisition of Eat Sleep Play, the developer best known for Twisted Metal in Salt Lake City UT.

In December 2016, President and COO, was named CEO to replace Rodriguez. In June 2017 it was reported by Polygon. A core group of administrators was expected to sell off the company's technology. In September 2019 Jeri Ellsworth initiated a Kickstarter for a new device based on the same principles called Tilt Five; the company uses CastAR technology acquired from the former startup and is founded by CastAR alumni Jeri Ellsworth, Amy Herndon, Jamie Gennis, Anthony Aquilio The castAR glasses combine elements of augmented reality and virtual reality. After winning Educator's and Editor's Choice ribbons at the 2013 Bay Area Maker Faire, the castAR project was crowdfunded via Kickstarter. CastAR surpassed its funding goal two days after the project went live and raised over $1 million on a $400,000 goal. CastAR creates hologram-like images unique to each user by sending an image from tiny projectors on the glasses into the user's surroundings using a technology that Technical Illusions called "Projected Reality".

The image bounces off a retro-reflective surface back to the wearer's eyes. CastAR can be used for virtual reality purposes, using its VR clip-on. Before the time of the 2017 company shutdown all Kickstarter funds had been paid back to the original backers. Along with the repayment, a coupon for a free set of the production AR glasses was given to each backer; this happened at the time of the 2015 Playground Global investment. Mixed reality Augmented reality Display technology Smartglasses Official website castAR at Kickstarter Jeri Ellsworth on the demise of CastAR