Palimos ng Pag-ibig (TV series)
Palimos ng Pag-ibig is a Philippine drama series aired by ABS-CBN. It is a remake of the 1986 film of the same name; the series is the first installment of Sineserye Presents. Palimos ng Pag-ibig was first serialized in Komiks. Nerissa Cabral was the writer of the story; the comic was adapted into a film in 1986 under VIVA Films. It starred Dina Bonnevie as Ditas and Edu Manzano as Rodel. In this dog-eat-dog world, you either have to stand up and carve a living for yourself or risk getting trampled by others in the rat race called life; this is the dilemma Ditas has faced every day of her life. Born to a destitute family, Ditas has resigned herself to the fact; as such, Ditas won't let her lowly stature in life hamper dreams of a promising future. She makes a living by selling her babies to the highest bidder, a lucrative job, problem-free until a well-to-do couple approached her one-day and changed the rules of the game; the picture-perfect couple Rodel and Fina are good-looking, rich. The couple couldn't wish for anything more since they have everything anyone could want.
With one exception. Both Rodel and Fina are eager to start a family; when they hear rumors about a certain babymaker, who happens to be Ditas, the couple sees an opportunity to fill the void in their lives. Problems arise. Soon, the casual business deal becomes entangled and a more intimate relationship develop between Rodel and Ditas, but how about Fina? Now, she must do everything to make the family whole again if means having to beg Rodel for his once undivided love and affection. Rica Peralejo as Fina Alcaraz - a successful OBGYN, who helps other women conceive, yet is unable to do it for herself. Various medical complications prohibits her from having a baby, crushing her dreams of having her own kids. A loving wife to her husband, she wishes nothing for him but his happiness. Kristine Hermosa as Ditas - born to a destitute family, she turns to the business of "baby-making" in order to build a more promising future for herself. Diether Ocampo as Rodel Alcaraz - Fina's loyal husband. Albeit a shrewd businessman, Rodel puts his family first and wishes for nothing else but to have a family of his own.
But when a medical condition makes Fina barren, Rodel takes the inniative to contract a baby-maker to carry the child his wife cannot. Carlos Agassi as Dick - Rodel's business partner and best friend, he is happy-go-lucky and still strives to live a carefree bachelor's life though he has a family already. Enchong Dee as Job - Fina's younger brother, a one-woman-man who idolizes his sister's husband much. Desiree del Valle as Verna - Ditas' friend. Content with being somebody else's mistress, she paves the way for Rodel to meet. Eugene Domingo as Mitos - Fina's friend whom she envies for having the "perfect" family. Bubbly and cheerful, she serves as the series' comic relief. DJ Durano as Paolo - the wayward man who gets Ditas pregnant and forces her to sell their baby. Susan Africa as Tesang - Ditas' mother. Helga Krapf as Marichu - Ditas' sister, who incidentally is Job's girlfriend. Yuuya Kadooka as Reggie Alcaraz - Ditas and Rodel's son. List of dramas of ABS-CBN List of programs aired by ABS-CBN Sineserye Presents Palimos ng Pag-ibig on IMDb
Bituin is a Filipino soap opera, aired by ABS-CBN from September 23, 2002 to May 23, 2003 replacing Pangako Sa'Yo. It starred Desiree del Valle, with Nora Aunor and Cherie Gil; the series was re-aired in 2007–2008 through ABS-CBN Sports and Action. Bituin was famously known for the line that Nora Aunor belts out in a high caliber dramatic scene: "Nasaan Nasaan si Bernadette at Melody?" The line was repeated in movies, TV series, comedy bars. It was known to have the highest rated episode with The Diva vs Supernova concert, it was aired three days after the initial concert with more than a 48.7% audience share. In 2007, TFC ABS-CBN international affiliate KPTV re-aired the whole series from September 2007 to February 2008; the series had a crossover with Kay Tagal Kang Hinintay in 2003 in various episodes. In early March 2012 - June 2012 the series had a 2-hour back to back episodes shown weekdays internationally through Cinema One Global part of its Drama On Demand hour of requested Classic TV Programs as request by television viewers commercial free and uncut.
The series was noted to have singers Carol Banawa, Kuh Ledesma, Jessa Zaragoza and Josh Santana in regular cast objectives the soap centered on telenovela plot twists. Laura Sandoval and Carmela Gaston are half sisters who grew up with Carmela's mom not treating Laura right; when they grew older Carmela doesn't marry. After their second child, she found out; as a single mother she was struggling to support her two daughters Bernadette. When her eldest Melody becomes sick, Laura goes to Carmela asking for help, who says that she will help if she hands over Bernadette so she may raise her as her own. With no one left to turn to Laura does it. Carmela left for the US to raise Bernadette and soon returns as a singer. In a concert, Laura knew their whereabouts; the kids grow up not knowing. Melody notices that Laura is much closer to Bernadette, such as Laura teaching Bernadette to sing when she forbids Melody to do so. Bernadette becomes a star by claiming it as her own. Both soon become singers. Melody finds her father and wins the heart of a young man named Dante.
In the end they all become a family: Badong and Laura find their love again, Carmela is no longer jealous of her sister, Doña Virginia gave the rightful will of her husband to Laura, Melody is a great singer and marries Josh Santana, her singing partner, Bernadette becomes a famous composer the song she composed for her sister as a way to show she was sorry called "Sana Bukas". Nora Aunor as Laura Sandoval Cherie Gil as Carmela Gaston Carol Banawa as Melody Sandoval Desiree del Valle as Bernadette Gaston Carlo Muñoz as Dante Michael Santana as Josh Santana Michael de Mesa as Salvador Sandoval Gardo Versoza as Diony Cherry Pie Picache as Olivia Celia Rodriguez as Doña Virginia Gaston Jessa Zaragoza as Sultanna Andromeda "Andromeda" Ronaldo Valdez as Amante Montesilverio Chat Silayan † as Elvira Montesilverio Tess Aquino as Madonna Frank Garcia as Alex Montesilverio Geoff Rodriguez as Dave Montesilverio Kuh Ledesma as Lyrica Luna Kristel Fulgar as young Melody Eliza Pineda as young Bernadette Efren Reyes Jr. as Arnel Ricardo Cepeda as Conrado Emilio Garcia as Ernesto Lui Villaruz as Boom John Apacible † as Willy Perla Bautista as Ofelia Rodel Velayo as Jimmy Mat Ranillo III as Filemon Gaston Sylvia Sanchez as Eva Tado † as King John Lapus as Queenie Harlene Bautista as Tootsie Rochelle Barrameda as Leila Anita Linda as Rustica Jestoni Alarcon as Bienvenido Galang Gigette Reyes as Dra.
Reyes Julia Clarete as Agnes Gandoza Romnick Sarmenta as Pepito John Lloyd Cruz as Atty. Yuri Orbida Bea Alonzo as Atty. Kathrina Argos Kris Aquino Boy Abunda Ogie Diaz as Ogie Carlos Agassi Robert Sena John Lesaca Dessa Franco Laurel Divo Bayer Cooky Chua Agot Isidro Christine Bersola-Babao Edu Manzano Dindo de Viterbo Its highest rating was 48.7% for the "Ultimate Showdown: The Diva VS The Supernova" of Melody and Bernadette at the Araneta Coliseum, while the lowest was 29.5%, its fifth episode. List of programs aired by ABS-CBN List of dramas of ABS-CBN Bituin on IMDb
Maalaala Mo Kaya
Maalaala Mo Kaya known as Memories, is a Philippine drama anthology series broadcast on ABS-CBN every Saturday evenings and is hosted by Charo Santos-Concio. It has become the longest-running drama anthology in Philippine television and in the world, reaching its 25th year in 2016; the program features weekly real-life stories or anecdotes of common people or famous celebrities and personalities through letter sending. The series has a counterpart radio program being broadcast on DZMM called "Maalaala Mo Kaya sa DZMM", a paperback adaptation and a comic book adaptation under Mango Comics & Sterling; the program is named after the eponymous song, "Maalaala Mo Kaya" by Constancio de Guzman. The song serves as the program's opening theme, performed by Dulce. Beginning in the mid 2000s airings, the opening has been covered by Carol Banawa, replacing Dulce's version. A classics re-run version of the anthology series MMK Classics premiered on June 3, 2012 on The Filipino Channel; because of the outreach abroad, the TFC series focused on translating every episode with English subtitles.
The Philippine version entitled "MMK Klasiks" aired on ABS-CBN's Kapamilya Gold afternoon block as a temporary replacement program from December 17, 2012 to January 18, 2013 before replaced into May Isang Pangarap. MMK Klasiks airs on DZMM TeleRadyo as a fill-in to its radio counterpart, because the latter was pre-recorded, as well as on Jeepney TV dubbed as JTV Star Showcase. Translations of the Filipino titles are in parentheses. "Rubber Shoes"The first episode of MMK aired on May 15, 1991 starring Romnick Sarmenta and Vina Morales."Regalo" MMK episode topbilled by Vilma Santos, Ricky Davao and Maja Salvador and considered as one of the most critically successful episode."Lobo" The highest-rating episode that featured Regine Velasquez and Piolo Pascual. Regine won her first acting award at the PMPC Star Awards for TV in 2002, because of this episode."Pier 39"10th Anniversary Presentation. First Maalaala Mo Kaya episode filmed outside the Philippines starring Judy Ann Santos and Piolo Pascual.
Shot in San Francisco, the episode tells about a caregiver who falls in love with a wayward man, despite being beholden to her elderly, wheelchair-using employer."Ferris Wheel"A Christmas presentation of Maalaala mo Kaya which reunites ex-lovers Jericho Rosales and Kristine Hermosa."Unan" The episode which tells the life story of Julie Vega, as portrayed by Angelica Panganiban. Michael de Mesa and Rio Locsin acted as Pearl Postigo, Julie Vega's parents. Aired in October 2003."Fried Chicken"The story about Maximo Gimenez, the founder of Max's Restaurant. After the Second World War, Max along with his niece Ruby, followed the suggestion of American troops to build a restaurant after they tasted the fried chicken that they served for them; this would start the beginning of Max's Restaurant that became a household name for generations."Pendant"A Valentine's Day Special aired on February 14, 2009 and first episode for Toni Gonzaga with Jason Abalos and Ryan Eigenmann. This episode was about first love and how to let go and take the risk in order to be in love."Reseta" A Mother's Day Special aired on May 9, 2009 starring Jodi Sta.
Maria and Carmina Villaroel. This marked Villaroel's new appearance in a MMK episode on ABS-CBN after a few episodes she did in the 1990s before leaving the network."Sapatos" A Mother's Day Special aired on May 15, 2016 starring Kris Aquino. This marked Aquino's new appearance in a MMK episode on ABS-CBN after a few episodes she did in the 1990s before leaving the network; the story was based on real life story of Honey Grace Villarico, how she fulfilled the role of a single mother facing all troubles alone and succeeded on being a career woman of her time."Blusa" A controversial episode starring Angel Locsin and Dimples Romana that focuses on a story of a UP Los Baños summa cum laude graduate who found herself applying as a Guest Relations Officer, shown February 28, 2009. UPLB released a statement pointing out the credibility of the facts presented in the episode. On March 10, 2009, ABS-CBN issued an apology for not verifying with UPLB the veracity of the facts. Meanwhile, Angel won as Outstanding Actress in a Drama Performance given by the Philippine Psychiatric Association SiSA Award."Ice Cream"This is the life story of Charice Pempengco, as portrayed by herself.
This is Charice's first acting appearance with Zsa Zsa Padilla and Rhap Salazar played as the role of her mother and younger brother. The story features about her growing up in a middle-class family before her successful singing career; the episode aired in June 2008."Teddy Bear"This is the story of comedian Pokwang, portrayed by herself."Kwintas" This is the first episode of Sarah Geronimo and marks the first on-screen tandem of her and John Lloyd Cruz."Gitara" This is the real life story of Tara Santelices, comatose for a year after being shot to the head by a mugger on August 6, 2008. She was portrayed by Karylle."Upuan" The episode of former senator Renato Cayetano, portrayed by Ronaldo Valdez about his battle with hepatitis and his son, Lino Cayetano's contribution to extend his life as portrayed by John Lloyd Cruz. This episode is directed by Lino himself; the Ninoy and Cory Aquino StoryOn January 23 and 30, 2010 a two-part episode of the life story of former Senator Benigno Aquino, Jr. and former President Corazon Aquino was aired for Cory's 77th Birthday.
The first part was "Kalapati" which featured the humble beginnings of the said couple, from their marriage up to their political conflicts. The second part was "Makinilya" which depicted the
Philippine Daily Inquirer
The Philippine Daily Inquirer, popularly known as the Inquirer, is an English-language newspaper in the Philippines. Founded in 1985, it is regarded as the Philippines' newspaper of record; the Philippine Daily Inquirer was a daily newspaper founded on 9 December 1985 by publisher Eugenia Apóstol, columnist Max Solivén, together with Betty Go-Belmonte during the last days of the regime of the Philippine dictator, Ferdinand Marcos, becoming one of the first private newspapers to be established under the Marcos regime. The Inquirer succeeded the weekly Philippine Inquirer, created in 1985 by Apostol to cover the trial of 25 soldiers accused of complicity in the murder of opposition leader Benigno Aquino, Jr. at the Manila International Airport on 21 August 1983. Apostol published the Mr & Ms Special Edition, a weekly tabloid opposed to the Marcos regime; as the successor to the previous Mr. and Mrs. Special Edition and the weekly Philippine Inquirer, it was founded on a budget of P1 million and enjoyed a daily circulation of 30,000 in its early days.
The new daily was housed in the dilapidated one-story Star Building on 13th and Railroad streets in Port Area, Manila. It was put out by 40 editors, correspondents and other editorial employees working in a 100 square meter newsroom. Columnist Louie Beltran was named its editor-in-chief; the newspaper was instrumental in documenting the campaign of Corazón Aquino during the 1986 presidential elections and, in turn, the 1986 People Power Revolution. Its slogan, Balanced News, Fearless Views, was incorporated to the newspaper in January 1986 after a slogan-making contest held during the first month of the Inquirer's existence. On July 1986, questions about finances and a divergence of priorities caused a rift among the founders which led Belmonte and Art Borjal's split from the Inquirer to establish The Philippine STAR; as Belmonte owned the Star Building where the Inquirer was headquartered, the newspaper amicably transferred to the Soliven-owned BF Condominium in Aduana Street, Intramuros. In February 1987, Federico D. Pascual, former assistant managing editor of the Daily Express, was named executive editor of Inquirer and was appointed editor-in-chief two years later.
It was during his term in 1990 that the Inquirer took the lead from the Manila Bulletin to become the Philippines' largest newspaper in terms of circulation. However, on July 1990, the Inquirer headquarters in Intramuros was damaged by an earthquake. On 5 January 1991, the newspaper transferred to the YIC building along United Nations Avenue and Romualdez Street in Malate. Inquirer's longest-serving and first woman editor-in-chief, the late Letty Jimenez-Magsanoc, was appointed on June 14, 1991, she was a former columnist and editor of the "Panorama" Sunday magazine of Bulletin Today, sacked for writing articles poking fun at Marcos. She edited Ms Special Edition until the fall of the Marcos regime, she is the first editor in chief of Sunday Inquirer Magazine. Under her term, in 1995, the Inquirer moved to its current headquarters in Makati City after transferring headquarters four times. During the administration of president Joseph Estrada, he criticized the Inquirer for "bias and fabrication" against him—this charge to the newspaper was denied.
In 1999, several government organizations, pro-Estrada businesses, movie producers pulled their advertisements from the Inquirer in a boycott that lasted for five months. The presidential palace was implicated in the advertising boycott, denounced by publisher Isagani Yambot as an attack on the freedom of the press. In 2007, according to the survey conducted by AGB Nielsen, the Inquirer is the most read newspaper in the Philippines; the Manila Bulletin and the Philippine Star followed as the second and the third most read papers, respectively. Magsanoc died on December 2015 at the St. Luke's Medical Center in Taguig City. A month after her death, Jimenez-Magsanoc was recognized as the Filipino of the Year 2015 by the Inquirer. In February 2, 2016, the Inquirer appointed its managing editor Jose Ma. Nolasco as the executive editor, the new top position of the newspaper, replacing the traditional "editor in chief" position that used by Inquirer for more than three decades. Nolasco was the managing editor of PDI for 24 years, he is part of the first batch of reporters of Inquirer when the paper started its publication in 1985.
On October 6, 2016, the Inquirer launched a "rethink" of its print and digital presence by overhauling its newspaper design and website, Inquirer.net and the launch of "My Inquirer" which converged the platforms of Inquirer in print, smartphone and smartwatch. The redesign was done in collaboration with Dr. Mario Garcia of Garcia Media; the Philippine Daily Inquirer annually names a Filipino of the Year, honoring a Filipino who has made the most positive impact on the life of the nation. Inquirer Compact Inquirer Libre Isagani Yambot - Publisher of the Philippine Daily Inquirer from 1994 to 2012 Letty Jimenez Magsanoc - longest-serving and first woman editor-in-chief Rina Jimenez-David - columnist Media Ownership Monitor Philippines - Media Companies: A Duopoly Rules by VERA Files and Reporters Without Borders Media Ownership Monitor Philippines - Print by VERA Files and Reporters Without Borders
Aryana (TV series)
Aryana is a 2012 Philippine fantasy drama television series starring Ella Cruz in her first leading role. The series premiered on ABS-CBN's Primetime Bida evening block from May 7, 2012 to January 25, 2013, replacing Lumayo Ka Man Sa Akin. Aryana narrates the journey of a girl as she struggles in the awkward but exciting adolescent stage while trying to escape her inevitable destiny as a mermaid on her fourteenth birthday. Two mothers from different worlds play major roles in the story. Ofelia is a human, who struggles for the acceptance of her mother-in-law, hopes that with the birth of her daughter she will gain the happiness and acceptance of her husband's family. Neptuna, an adult mermaid with a bright orange-and-gold scaly fish tail and matching bra whose pure and strong motherly love for her daughter, knows no bounds and will do anything to make sure she is safe and happy. Neptuna's daughter Perlita was fascinated with humans and dreams of living with them going near the seashore to watch the humans.
She once stole the mystical pearl that can transform a mermaid into a human and back at will. When she went near the seashore to watch humans who were watching and playing with firecrackers, a drunken villager played with a dynamite. Victor, Ofelia's good husband, confronts him and unknowingly throws the dynamite into the part of the sea where Perlita was hiding. Neptuna was not able to make it in time. Thus, she saw the death of her dearly beloved daughter and angrily promises to do everything she can to make Victor and Ofelia feel the intense pain and sorrow of losing their own beloved daughter. Ofelia and Victor's child, whom they named Aryana, was born; as Ofelia was hoping for, she gained the acceptance of her mother-in-law. During Aryana's baptismal celebration, Neptuna steals newborn Ayrana, making her as her own daughter for a while until she discovered that she cannot make Aryana a complete mermaid unless her mother gives her to her willingly. Reluctantly, Neptuna gave Aryana back to Ofelia with the agreement that on Aryana's fourteenth birthday she must give her back to her.
Ofelia accepts, with no intention of giving her daughter back, she runs away from their seaside village and goes to the urban city to forget about the mermaid curse on her daughter, just as Neptuna thought she would. Everyday, Ofelia gets a reminder that her daughter is and will forever belong to the sea when she turns fourteen. Aryana, who does not know that she is forever cursed to become a mermaid on her fourteenth birthday, lives out her dream of being a professional swimmer; as she faces her inevitable destiny of becoming a mermaid, Aryana is torn between choosing the sea and the surface world of humans where her heart belongs. Ella Cruz as Aryana C. Mendez Pokwang as Ofelia Capuyao-Mendez Francis Magundayao as Adrian "Ian" Alejandro Paul Salas as Marlon Salvador Dominic Roque as Hubert Francisco Michelle Vito as Megan Mendez Tonton Gutierrez as Victor Mendez Desiree del Valle as Neptuna G. Toengi as Stella Cervantes Laurice Guillen as Elnora Mendez Bianca Manalo as Carlina Suarez Tetchie Agbayani as Reyna Yasmin Neil Coleta as Andoy Capuyao Lotlot De Leon as Rosita Salvador Louise Abuel as Miko Salvador David Chua as Melvin Abad Eunice Lagusad as Elizabeth "Bebet" Teves Mel Kimura as Sylvia "Ibiang" Francisco Andre Tiangco as Anton Celine Lim as Trisha Reyes Noemi Oineza as Chelsea Montes Vanjo Cuenca as Aries Ocampo Lander Vera Perez as Rick Alejandro Richard Quan as Jason Cervantes Michael Conan as Allan Boom Labrusca as Tilapio Chokoleit as Dikya Marvin Yap as Pla Pla Badjie Mortiz as Bisugo Dexie Daulat as young Aryana Mendez Elijah Magundayao as young Adrian "Ian" Alejandro Kristoff Meneses as young Marlon Salvador Maliksi Morales as young Andoy Capuyao Alyanna Angeles as young Megan Mendez Quintin Alianza as young Melvin Abad Carlo Lacana as teenage Andoy Capuyao Yong An Chiu as teenage Melvin Abad Jane Oineza as Perlita Edgar Sandalo as Badong Kurt Del Rosario as Ruben In an interview on August 13, 2012, Ella Cruz announced the extension of the hit series until January 2013 due to its success on its timeslot.
It was part of the 2012 primetime block which includes Princess and I, Walang Hanggan, Ina Kapatid Anak and Kahit Puso'y Masugatan. It airs at 5:45 pm before its nightly news program TV Patrol, internationally on TFC. List of programs broadcast by ABS-CBN List of shows aired by ABS-CBN List of dramas of ABS-CBN Aryana on Facebook Aryana on Twitter Aryana on IMDb
The Philippines the Republic of the Philippines, is an archipelagic country in Southeast Asia. Situated in the western Pacific Ocean, it consists of about 7,641 islands that are categorized broadly under three main geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon and Mindanao; the capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City, both part of Metro Manila. Bounded by the South China Sea on the west, the Philippine Sea on the east and the Celebes Sea on the southwest, the Philippines shares maritime borders with Taiwan to the north, Vietnam to the west, Palau to the east, Malaysia and Indonesia to the south; the Philippines' location on the Pacific Ring of Fire and close to the equator makes the Philippines prone to earthquakes and typhoons, but endows it with abundant natural resources and some of the world's greatest biodiversity. The Philippines has an area of 300,000 km2, according to the Philippines Statistical Authority and the WorldBank and, as of 2015, had a population of at least 100 million.
As of January 2018, it is the eighth-most populated country in Asia and the 12th most populated country in the world. 10 million additional Filipinos lived overseas, comprising one of the world's largest diasporas. Multiple ethnicities and cultures are found throughout the islands. In prehistoric times, Negritos were some of the archipelago's earliest inhabitants, they were followed by successive waves of Austronesian peoples. Exchanges with Malay, Indian and Chinese nations occurred. Various competing maritime states were established under the rule of datus, rajahs and lakans; the arrival of Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer leading a fleet for the Spanish, in Homonhon, Eastern Samar in 1521 marked the beginning of Hispanic colonization. In 1543, Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos named the archipelago Las Islas Filipinas in honor of Philip II of Spain. With the arrival of Miguel López de Legazpi from Mexico City, in 1565, the first Hispanic settlement in the archipelago was established.
The Philippines became part of the Spanish Empire for more than 300 years. This resulted in Catholicism becoming the dominant religion. During this time, Manila became the western hub of the trans-Pacific trade connecting Asia with Acapulco in the Americas using Manila galleons; as the 19th century gave way to the 20th, the Philippine Revolution followed, which spawned the short-lived First Philippine Republic, followed by the bloody Philippine–American War. The war, as well as the ensuing cholera epidemic, resulted in the deaths of thousands of combatants as well as tens of thousands of civilians. Aside from the period of Japanese occupation, the United States retained sovereignty over the islands until after World War II, when the Philippines was recognized as an independent nation. Since the unitary sovereign state has had a tumultuous experience with democracy, which included the overthrow of a dictatorship by a non-violent revolution; the Philippines is a founding member of the United Nations, World Trade Organization, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum, the East Asia Summit.
It hosts the headquarters of the Asian Development Bank. The Philippines is considered to be an emerging market and a newly industrialized country, which has an economy transitioning from being based on agriculture to one based more on services and manufacturing. Along with East Timor, the Philippines is one of Southeast Asia's predominantly Christian nations; the Philippines was named in honor of King Philip II of Spain. Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos, during his expedition in 1542, named the islands of Leyte and Samar Felipinas after the then-Prince of Asturias; the name Las Islas Filipinas would be used to cover all the islands of the archipelago. Before that became commonplace, other names such as Islas del Poniente and Magellan's name for the islands San Lázaro were used by the Spanish to refer to the islands; the official name of the Philippines has changed several times in the course of its history. During the Philippine Revolution, the Malolos Congress proclaimed the establishment of the República Filipina or the Philippine Republic.
From the period of the Spanish–American War and the Philippine–American War until the Commonwealth period, American colonial authorities referred to the country as the Philippine Islands, a translation of the Spanish name. Since the end of World War II, the official name of the country has been the Republic of the Philippines. Philippines has gained currency as the common name since being the name used in Article VI of the 1898 Treaty of Paris, with or without the definite article. Discovery in 2018 of stone tools and fossils of butchered animal remains in Rizal, Kalinga has pushed back evidence of early hominins in the archipelago to as early as 709,000 years. However, the metatarsal of the Callao Man, reliably dated by uranium-series dating to 67,000 years ago remains the oldest human remnant found in the archipelago to date; this distinction belonged to the Tabon Man of Palawan, carbon-dated to around 26,500 years ago. Negritos were among the archipelago's earliest inhabitants, but their first settlement in the Philippines has not been reliably dated.
There are several opposing theories regarding the origins of ancient Filipinos. F. Landa Jocano theorizes. Wilhelm Solheim's Island Origin Theory postulates that the peopling of the archipelago transpired via trade networks originating in the Sundaland area around
Filipinos are the people who are native to or identified with the country of the Philippines. Filipinos come from various ethnolinguistic groups that are native to the islands or migrants from various Asia Pacific regions. There are more than 175 ethnolinguistic groups, each with its own language, identity and history; the modern Filipino identity, with its Austronesian roots, was influenced by Spain and the United States. The name Filipino was derived from the term las Islas Filipinas, the name given to the archipelago in 1543 by the Spanish explorer and Dominican priest Ruy López de Villalobos, in honour of Philip II of Spain. During the Spanish colonial period the term Filipino was used to classify Spaniards born in the Philippine islands, while indigenous peoples of the islands were called Indio. Historian Ambeth Ocampo has suggested that the first documented use of the word to Filipino to refer to Indios was the Spanish-language poem A la juventud filipina, published in 1879 by José Rizal..
The lack of the letter "F" in the pre-1987 Tagalog alphabet caused the letter "P" to be substituted for "F", though the alphabets and/or writing scripts of some non-Tagalog ethnic groups included the letter "F". Upon official adoption of the modern, 28-letter Filipino alphabet in 1987, the term Filipino was preferred over Pilipino. Locally, some still use "Pilipino" to refer to the people and "Filipino" to refer to the language, but in international use "Filipino" is the usual form for both. A number of Filipinos refer to themselves colloquially as "Pinoy", a slang word formed by taking the last four letters of "Filipino" and adding the diminutive suffix "-y". Other collective endonyms for the Filipino people include: "Patria Adorada" as popularized by Jose Rizal through his poem "Mi último adiós", "Bayang Pilipino" or the more poetic "Sambayanáng Pilipino". In 2010, a metatarsal from "Callao Man", discovered in 2007, was dated through uranium-series dating as being 67,000 years old. Prior to that, the earliest human remains found in the Philippines were thought to be the fossilized fragments of a skull and jawbone, discovered in the 1960s by Dr. Robert B.
Fox, an anthropologist from the National Museum. Anthropologists who examined these remains agreed; these include the Homo sapiens. The "Tabon Man" fossils are considered to have come from a third group of inhabitants, who worked the cave between 22,000 and 20,000 BCE. An earlier cave level lies so far below the level containing cooking fire assemblages that it must represent Upper Pleistocene dates like 45 or 50 thousand years ago. Researchers say this indicates that the human remains were pre-Mongoloid, from about 40,000 years ago. Mongoloid is the term which anthropologists applied to the ethnic group which migrated to Southeast Asia during the Holocene period and evolved into the Austronesian people, a group of Malayo-Polynesian-speaking people including those from Indonesia, the Philippines, Malagasy, the non-Chinese Taiwan Aboriginals or Rhea's. Fluctuations in ancient shorelines between 150,000 BC and 17,000 BC connected the Malay Archipelago region with Maritime Southeast Asia and the Philippines.
This may have enabled ancient migrations into the Philippines from Maritime Southeast Asia 50,000 BC to 13,000 BC. A January 2009 study of language phylogenies by R. D. Gray at the University of California, Los Angeles published in the journal Science, suggests that the population expansion of Austronesian peoples was triggered by rising sea levels of the Sunda shelf at the end of the last ice age; this was a two-pronged expansion, which moved north through the Philippines and into Taiwan, while a second expansion prong spread east along the New Guinea coast and into Oceania and Polynesia. The Negritos are descendants of the indigenous populations of the Sunda landmass and New Guinea, pre-dating the Mongoloid peoples who entered Southeast Asia. Multiple studies show that Negritos from Southeast Asia to New Guinea share a closer cranial affinity with Australo-Melanesians, they were the ancestors of such tribes of the Philippines as the Aeta, Ayta, Ati and other similar groups. Today they comprise just 0.03% of the total Philippine population.
The majority of present-day Filipinos are a product of the long process of evolution and movement of people. After the mass migrations through land bridges, migrations continued by boat during the maritime era of South East Asia; the ancient races became homogenized into the Malayo-Polynesians which colonized the majority of the Philippine and Indonesian archipelagos. Since at least the 3rd century, various ethnic groups established several communities; these were formed by the assimilation of various native Philippine kingdoms. South Asian and East Asian people together with the people of the Indonesian archipelago and the Malay Peninsula, traded with Filipinos and introduced Hinduism and Buddhism to the native tribes of the Philippines. Most of these people stayed in the Philippines where they were absorbed into local societies. Many of the barangay were, to a varying extent, under the de jure jurisprudence of one of several neighboring empires, among them the Malay Srivijaya, Javanese Majapahit, Malacca, Indian Chola and Khmer empires, although de facto had established their own independent system of rule.
Trading links with Sumatra, Java, Malay Peninsu