Quentin Jerome Tarantino is an American filmmaker and actor. His films are characterized by nonlinear storylines, satirical subject matter, an aestheticization of violence, extended scenes of dialogue, ensemble casts consisting of established and lesser-known performers, references to popular culture and a wide variety of other films, soundtracks containing songs and score pieces from the 1960s to the 1980s, features of neo-noir film, his career began in the late 1980s when he wrote and directed My Best Friend's Birthday, the screenplay of which formed the basis for True Romance. In the early 1990s, he began his career as an independent filmmaker with the release of Reservoir Dogs in 1992, funded by money from the sale of his script Natural Born Killers to Oliver Stone. Empire deemed Reservoir Dogs the "Greatest Independent Film of All Time", its popularity was boosted by his second film, Pulp Fiction, a black comedy crime film, a major success both among critics and audiences. For his next effort, Tarantino paid homage to the blaxploitation films of the 1970s with Jackie Brown, an adaptation of Elmore Leonard's novel Rum Punch.
Kill Bill, a stylized "revenge flick" in the cinematic traditions of Kung fu films, Japanese martial arts, Spaghetti Westerns and Italian horror, followed six years and was released as two films: Volume 1 in 2003 and Volume 2 in 2004. Tarantino next directed Death Proof in 2007, as part of a double feature with Robert Rodriguez, under the collective title Grindhouse, his long-postponed Inglourious Basterds, which tells an alternate history of Nazi Germany, was released in 2009 to positive reviews. After that came critically acclaimed Django Unchained, a Western film set in the Antebellum South, his eighth film, The Hateful Eight, was released in its roadshow version in 70 mm film format, with opening "overture" and halfway-point intermission. His ninth film, Once Upon a Time in Hollywood, is scheduled to be released in 2019; the film, set in Los Angeles in 1969, is his first based on true events. Tarantino's films have garnered both commercial success, he has received many industry awards, including two Academy Awards, two Golden Globe Awards, two BAFTA Awards and the Palme d'Or, has been nominated for an Emmy and a Grammy.
In 2005, he was included on the annual Time 100 list of the most influential people in the world. Filmmaker and historian Peter Bogdanovich has called him "the single most influential director of his generation". In December 2015, Tarantino received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for his contributions to the film industry. Tarantino was born on March 27, 1963, in Knoxville, the only child of Connie McHugh and Tony Tarantino, an actor and producer, his father is of Italian descent, his mother has Irish and Cherokee ancestry. Quentin was named for Burt Reynolds' character in the CBS series Gunsmoke. Tarantino's mother met his father during a trip to Los Angeles, where Tony was a law student and would-be entertainer, she married him soon after, to gain independence from her parents. After the divorce, Connie Tarantino left Los Angeles and moved to Knoxville, where her parents lived. In 1966, Tarantino and his mother moved back to Los Angeles. Tarantino's mother married musician Curtis Zastoupil soon after arriving in Los Angeles, the family moved to Torrance, a city in Los Angeles County's South Bay area.
Zastoupil encouraged Tarantino's love of movies, accompanied him to numerous film screenings. Tarantino's mother allowed him to see movies with adult content, such as Carnal Knowledge and Deliverance. After his mother divorced Zastoupil in 1973, received a misdiagnosis of Hodgkin's lymphoma, Tarantino was sent to live with his grandparents in Tennessee, he remained there less than a year before returning to California. At 14 years old, Tarantino wrote one of his earliest works, a screenplay called Captain Peachfuzz and the Anchovy Bandit, based on Hal Needham's 1977 film Smokey and the Bandit starring Burt Reynolds; the summer after his 15th birthday, Tarantino was grounded by his mother for shoplifting Elmore Leonard's novel The Switch from Kmart. He was allowed to leave only to attend the Torrance Community Theater, where he participated in such plays as Two Plus Two Makes Sex and Romeo and Juliet. At about 15, Tarantino dropped out of Narbonne High School in Los Angeles, he worked as an usher at a porn theater in Torrance, called the Pussycat Theatre.
Tarantino attended acting classes at the James Best Theatre Company, where he met several of his eventual collaborators. While at James Best, Tarantino met Craig Hamann, with whom he collaborated to produce My Best Friend's Birthday. Throughout the 1980s, Tarantino worked a number of jobs, he spent time as a recruiter in the aerospace industry, for five years, he worked at Video Archives, a video store in Manhattan Beach, California. Former Buffy the Vampire Slayer actor Danny Strong described Tarantino as "such a movie buff, he had so much knowledge of films that he would try to get people to watch cool movies."After Tarantino met Lawrence Bender at a Hollywood party, Bender encouraged him to write a screenplay. His first attempted script, which he described as a "straight 70s exploitation action movie" was never published and was abandoned soon after. Tarantino co-wrote and directed his first movie, My Best Friend's Birthday, in 1987; the final reel of the film was completely destroyed in a lab fire that occurred during editing, but its screenplay formed the basis for True Romance.
In 1986, Tarantino got his first Hollywood job, working with Roger Avary as production assistants on Dolph Lundgren's exercise video, Maximum Potentia
A drug lord, drug baron, kingpin, or narcotrafficker is a high ranking crime boss who controls a sizable network of people involved in the illegal drug trade. Such figures are difficult to bring to justice, as they are not directly in possession of something illegal, but are insulated from the actual trade in drugs by several layers of underlings; the prosecution of drug lords is therefore the result of planned infiltration into their networks using informants from within the organization. According to the U. S. Drug Enforcement Administration, Guzmán is the most significant drug lord in history, he is well known for his use of sophisticated tunnels—similar to the one located in Douglas, Arizona—to smuggle cocaine from Mexico into the United States in the early 1990s. In 1993, a 7.3-ton shipment of his cocaine, concealed in cans of chili peppers and destined for the United States, was seized in Tecate, Baja California. That same year he escaped an ambush by the Tijuana Cartel led by Ramon Arellano Felix and his gunmen.
After being captured in Guatemala, he was jailed in 1993 and in 1995 he was moved to the maximum-security prison called Puente Grande, but paid his way out of prison and hid in a laundry van as it drove through the gates. On 22 February 2014, Guzmán was arrested again, he is considered a folk hero in the narcotics world, celebrated by musicians who write and perform a narcocorridos extolling his exploits. For example, Los Traviezos recorded a ballad extolling his life on the run. In July 2015, Guzman escaped a second time from a maximum-security prison through a hole in a shower floor that led to a mile-long tunnel, ending at a nearby house. A large-scale manhunt ensued. On 8 January 2016, Guzmán was captured by the Mexican Marines. William Jardine was a Scottish physician-turned-drug lord, he co-founded the Hong Kong-based conglomerate Jardine, Matheson & Co. In 1803, he became a surgeon's mate aboard the Brunswick belonging to the East India Company, set sail for India. In May 1817, he abandoned medicine for drug trafficking.
Jardine was a resident in China from 1820 to 1839. His early success in Canton as a commercial agent for drug merchants in India led to his admission in 1825 as a partner in Magniac & Co. In 1839, after Imperial Commissioner Lin Zexu destroyed 20,000 cases of opium that the British smuggled into China, Jardine arrived in London that September to press Foreign Secretary Lord Palmerston for a forceful response. Jorge Alberto Rodríguez known as Don Cholito, is a notorious Colombian-Puerto Rican drug lord from the Bronx, New York, who headed The 400 criminal organization, a dismantled secret cell of the Cali Cartel. Pulled into the drug trade at age 12, he left home at age 14 to begin working for his father, Gilberto Rodríguez Orejuela, who headed the Cali Cartel. Within six years he had made hundreds of millions by shipping drugs from Colombia to nearly every U. S. state. He was one of the most-ruthless international drug lords unknown to law enforcement or governments. During that time, the nation's murder rate and cocaine-related hospital emergencies doubled.
He was arrested in 1990 in Tallahassee and sentenced to a 25-year prison term for a number of federal violations. Following his conviction, Rodriguez continued to operate his illicit business from behind bars, importing as much as 12,500 kilograms into the U. S. every month and ordering numerous murders of informants and law-enforcement officials in the U. S. and Colombia. He reigned and flourished while incarcerated until he was placed in court-ordered high-security isolation in 1994. Pablo Emilio Escobar Gaviria was a Colombian drug overlord. Referred to as the "World's Greatest Outlaw", Escobar was the most elusive cocaine trafficker to have existed. In 1989 Forbes magazine declared Escobar as the seventh-richest man in the world, with an estimated personal fortune of US$25 billion. In 1986, he attempted to enter Colombian politics, it is said that Pablo Escobar once burnt two million dollars in cash to keep his daughter warm while on the run. Griselda Blanco, known as the "Godmother of Cocaine", was a drug lord who operated between Miami and Colombia during the 1970s and 1980s.
During the height of her operation, she smuggled nearly 1,600 kilograms of cocaine into the U. S. every month through a network in south Florida. She was noted for her ruthlessness and use of extreme violence, employing tactics such as publicly assassinating people in broad daylight, bayoneting a rival trafficker inside Miami International Airport, inventing the drive-by motorcycle shooting execution method, it was estimated that she was responsible for the homicides of 200 people in Colombia, New York, California. Arrested in 1985 for drug-trafficking charges, she was subsequently convicted and spent 20 years in a U. S. prison. She was killed by motorcycle hitmen in Colombia on 3 September 2012 as she was coming out of a butcher's shop. Pablo Escobar started to buy cocaine from Roberto Suárez in the 1970s when he had just created the Medellín cartel. Suárez started building cocaine laboratories in the middle of the Bolivian Amazon jungle and in the zone of "Los Yungas" in the end of the 1960s and created the first cocaine cartel in Bolivia called "La Corporación".
At first, the Medellin cartel bought cocaine at $8,000 per kilogram. La Corporación sold cocaine-based paste to Colombian cartels, they finished and distributed it in the east of the United States; the finished cocaine was sold directly to Mexican cartels for distribution in the west of the United States. Suárez received untold amounts of money, but as detecti
Raúl Rafael Juliá y Arcelay was a Puerto Rican actor who received international recognition. Born in San Juan, Puerto Rico, he took an interest in acting while still in school. Upon completing his studies, Julia decided to pursue a career in acting. After performing locally for some time, he was convinced by entertainment personality Orson Bean to move and work in New York City. Julia, bilingual since his childhood, soon gained interest in Broadway and Off-Broadway plays, he took over in the role of Orson in the Off-Broadway hit Your Own Thing, a rock musical updating of Twelfth Night. He performed including the Puerto Rican Traveling Theater. Julia was noticed by Joseph Papp, who offered him work in the New York Shakespeare Festival. After gaining visibility, he received roles in two television series, Love of Life and Sesame Street. For his performance in Two Gentlemen of Verona, he received a nomination for the Tony Award and won a Drama Desk Award. Between 1974 and 1982, Julia received Tony Award nominations for Where's Charley?, The Threepenny Opera and Nine.
During the 1980s, he worked in several films, receiving nominations for the Golden Globe Awards, for his performance in Tempest, Kiss of the Spider Woman, winning the National Board of Review Award for Best Actor for the latter. In 1991 and 1993, Julia portrayed Gomez Addams in two film adaptations of The Addams Family. In 1994, he filmed The Burning Season, for which he won a Golden Globe Best Actor award, a film adaptation of the Street Fighter video games; that year, Julia suffered several health afflictions dying after suffering a stroke. His funeral was held in Puerto Rico, being attended by thousands. For his work in The Burning Season, Julia won a posthumous Emmy and SAG Award. Julia was born March 9, 1940, in Floral Park, a suburb of San Juan, to Olga Arcelay and Raúl Juliá, he was the oldest of four brothers and sisters Maria Eugenia Juliá and Olga Maria Juliá. His mother was a mezzo-soprano who sang in a church choir before marrying Julia's father, an electrical engineer graduated from Tri-State University.
Some relatives were musicians, including his great aunt María González, whom he credited as the inspiration behind his artistic career. The family was Catholic. Raul's father was a restaurant in San Juan; the building was a gas station and body shop, before being remodeled after a similar restaurant in Madrid, called "Las Cuevas de Luis Candelas", intended to mimic the structure of a gypsum cave. Julia's father claimed that he brought pizza to Puerto Rico, after he hired an Italian cook in New York City that could prepare pizza; the restaurant is supposed to be the first to distribute chicken-in-a-basket within the archipelago, which Miriam Fitts helped him think of. Julia was enrolled in Colegio Espíritu Santo in Hato Rey, a Catholic private school, where most of the personnel spoke English. There he participated in his first play in first grade, interpreting the devil, with his performance earning him participation in all subsequent school plays. After witnessing Errol Flynn's performance in The Adventures of Robin Hood, he decided to pursue an acting career.
During his childhood, Julia's family followed a strict Jesuit practice bringing homeless children into their household. His mother received a recognition from the Catholic University of Ponce due to these efforts. By the seventh grade, Julia was able to speak English fluently and had gained interest in the works of William Shakespeare. Julia concluded his secondary education at Colegio San Ignacio de Loyola, where he would organize plays of Julius Caesar, King Lear, The Tempest. Seeking to please his parents, he continued his university education spending a year at Fordham University, before returning to Puerto Rico, where he attended the University of Puerto Rico, becoming a member of Phi Sigma Alpha Fraternity. Julia continued acting in local nightclubs, he studied liberal arts. Julia realized that he had no interest in pursuing a law career, favored by his parents, choosing to act full-time despite having doubts if he could sustain his needs working as an actor. Julia began performing in several plays that were held in San Juan.
He performed in a re-staging of Macbeth, held in one of the municipality's colonial castles in order to emulate the setting of the work. Other works included playing the role of Roderigo in Othello at a local drama production. Parallel to this, Julia began making presentations at the Ted Mack Amateur Hour. After joining a musical group named the "Lamplighters", despite receiving opposition from his parents, he was recruited by Lillian Hurst to perform alongside her receiving work at a hotel named El Convento. During this time, he began considering the possibility of moving to Europe to take acting classes. During one of their acts, Julia was approached by Orson Bean, on vacation in Puerto Rico, who provided him with contact information, wanting him to travel to New York and work there, his parents were shocked by the proposal, but agreed to support his decision. Julia's departure was postponed after his younger brother, died in a traffic collision. During this time, he became engaged to Magda Vasallo Molinelli.
In 1964, when he was 24 years old, he traveled to New York, arriving in the middle of a winter storm. After establishing residence in Manhattan, Julia had to do several odd jobs to pay for his expenses, going as far as receiving training on the proper way to sell pens for a distributor; when Hurst visited him, both attended a Broadway play and the fact that
The Mexico Trilogy or Mariachi Trilogy is a series of American/Mexican contemporary western action films—El Mariachi and Once Upon a Time in Mexico—all written and directed by Robert Rodriguez. All three films tell the continuing story of El Mariachi; the films were released in theatres between 1992 and 2003, on a complete DVD trilogy box set in 2010. The trilogy began with the 1992 ultra low-budget production of El Mariachi; the film was made on a budget of only US$7,000 using 16-millimeter film, was shot in Mexico with a amateur cast, was intended to go directly to the Mexican home-video market. Rodriguez got some funds for the film by offering himself up as a human guinea pig to science labs. Other finances came in the form of prize money won by his short student film, Bedhead, at film festival competitions. Executives at Columbia Pictures liked the film so much that they bought the rights to it for American distribution and spent several times more than the film's original production budget on 35 millimeter film transfers, a marketing campaign and the eventual distribution/release of the film.
It was so well received that they chose to finance the second part of the trilogy and subsequently the final chapter, Once Upon a Time in Mexico. A recurring theme of the Mexico Trilogy deals with El Mariachi being alone as all of his loved ones die in front of him; the first film of the trilogy, El Mariachi, tells the story of an out-of-work musician, known as El Mariachi, traveling through Mexico. He arrives in a small border town, hoping to find work in some of the local clubs. For the man, local hoodlums mistake him for a escaped convict, hunting down his former associates with a guitar case filled with weapons; as the story progresses, El Mariachi falls in love with a woman who helps him hide from those who are trying to kill him, sees her die at the hands of those same men. He seeks revenge for all; the second film, continues with El Mariachi's quest for revenge where he finds a new love and quenches his thirst for revenge. The third and final film, Once Upon a Time in Mexico, revolves around a failed coup attempt on the President of Mexico wherein El Mariachi is the hero who saves him.
El Mariachi seeks revenge on the murderer who killed his wife. All three films were made using Rodriguez's "Mariachi-style" of filmmaking in which "creativity, not money, is used to solve problems." Thus, all three movies have been profitable. El Mariachi went on to gross more than $2 million in its theatrical release. Desperado was grossed over $24.6 million in US theaters. Once Upon a Time in Mexico was made for $29 million and grossed over $56.3 million domestically and an additional $41.8 million worldwide and holds the box office distinction for being the most improved second sequel of all-time grossing 122% more than Desperado. All three films have won various prestigious awards. El Mariachi won the Audience Award at the 1993 Sundance Film Festival and the 1993 Deauville American Film Festival and Best First Feature at the 1994 Independent Spirit Awards. Desperado saw Salma Hayek nominated for Best Supporting Actress at the 1996 Saturn Awards, was nominated for the Bronze Horse at the 1995 Stockholm Film Festival.
Once Upon a Time in Mexico won two Imagen Foundation Awards for performances by Antonio Banderas and Rubén Blades, was nominated for two Satellite Awards, winning Robert Rodriguez an award for Best Song and Johnny Depp a nomination for Best Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role, Comedy or Musical and the movie's impressive stunts landed it two Taurus World Stunt Awards nominations. A TV series adaptation of the El Mariachi franchise premiered on March 20, 2014 on AXN. El Mariachi on IMDb Desperado on IMDb Once Upon a Time in Mexico on IMDb Mexico Trilogy at Rotten Tomatoes Mexico Trilogy at AllMovie
Carlos Gómez (actor)
Carlos Gómez is an American actor. Gómez was born to Latin American parents, the son of Cora Gomez, he is a versatile character actor who has starred in both film and the small screen since the late 1980s. His first part in a film came in the form of a dancer looking to make it big in Dance to Win. One of his more notable performances is considered to be as gay paramedic Raul Melendez in ER, he has, among other roles, guest-starred as a repeating support villain on the hit television show Charmed as the San Francisco Police Department Internal Affairs Department Inspector Rodriguez pressuring the regular character Andy Trudeau. He first appeared in the 20th episode of the first season "The Power of Two", his final appearance was in the 22nd episode of the season "Deja Vu All Over Again", he has starred alongside Salma Hayek in two films, the first being Desperado, where he plays the Right Hand of Bucho, the man Antonio Banderas spends the film looking for, in Fools Rush In, where he plays Salma's ex-boyfriend, Chuy.
Carlos can be seen in the CBS drama Shark, where he plays Mayor Manny Delgado, alongside James Woods and Jeri Ryan. Gomez appeared in the 2008 Broadway musical In the Heights as Kevin, was a cast member of the A&E television series The Glades for all four seasons, he played the part of officer Navarro in the Criminal Minds episode "Machismo." He appeared in season 3 of the NBC sitcom Friends episode titled "The One with All the Jealousy", in season 3 of the Fox drama 24. His most recent appearance was in Dolphin Tale 2. Carlos Gómez on IMDb Official Site for actor Carlos Gomez
A mule or courier is someone who smuggles contraband across a border for a smuggling organization. The organizers employ mules to reduce the risk of getting caught themselves. Methods of smuggling include hiding the goods in vehicles or carried items, attaching them to one's body, or using the body as a container. In the case of transporting illegal drugs, the term drug mule applies. Other slang terms include Easter Egg. Small-scale operations, in which one courier carries one piece or a small quantity, are sometimes called the ant trade. Methods of smuggling include hiding the goods in luggage, or clothes. In a vehicle, the contraband is hidden in secret compartments. Sometimes the goods are hidden in the bag or vehicle of an innocent person, who does not know about the contraband, for the purpose of retrieving the goods elsewhere; some contraband is legal to possess but is subject to taxes or other import restrictions, such as second-hand clothes and computers, the purpose of the smuggling is to get around these restrictions.
In this case, smuggling may be done in plain sight, in smaller quantities, so that a suitcase full of used clothes or a new computer can be passed off as a personal possession rather than an importing business. The practice of transporting goods outside or inside of the body is called body packing; this is done by a person called a mule,or bait. The contraband is attached to the outside of the body using adhesive tape, glue, or straps in such places as between the cheeks of the buttocks or between rolls of fat. Other inconspicuous places, like the soles of cut out shoes, inside belts, or the rim of a hat, were used more prior to the early 1990s. Due to increased airport security the "body packing" method is used any more; some narcotics-trafficking organizations such as the Mexican Cartels will purposely send one or two people with drugs on the outside of their body to purposely be caught, so that the authorities are occupied while dozens of mules pass by undetected with drugs inside their body.
However these diversion tactics are becoming less and less prevalent as airport security increases. This is done using a mule's gastrointestinal tract or other body cavities as containers. Swallowing has been used for the transportation of heroin, MDMA/Ecstasy. A swallower fills tiny balloons with small quantities of a drug; the balloons may be made with multilayered condoms, fingers of latex gloves, or more sophisticated hollow pellets. One smuggling method involves swallowing the balloons, which are recovered from the excreted feces. Alternately, the balloons may be hidden in other natural or artificial body cavities – such as rectum, colostomy and mouth – although this method is far more vulnerable to body cavity searches. A drug mule may swallow dozens upon dozens of balloons; the swallower attempts to cross international borders, excrete the balloons, sell the drugs. It is most common for the swallower to be making the trip on behalf of a drug drug dealer. Swallowers are impoverished and agree to transport the drugs in exchange for money or other favors.
In fewer cases, the drug dealers can attempt extortion against people by threatening physical harm against friends or family, but the more common practice is for swallowers to willingly accept the job in exchange for big payoffs. As reported in Lost Rights by James Bovard: "Nigerian drug lords have employed an army of'swallowers', those who will swallow as many as 150 balloons and smuggle drugs into the United States. Given the per capita yearly income of Nigeria is $2,100, Nigerians can collect as much as $15,000 per trip."Swallowers have been apprehended from a variety of age groups, including adults and children. Routine detection of the smuggled packets is difficult, many cases come to light because a packet has ruptured or because of intestinal obstruction. Unruptured packets may sometimes be detected by rectal or vaginal examination, but the only reliable way is by X-ray of the abdomen. Hashish appears denser than stool, cocaine is the same density as stool, while heroin looks like air.
An popular type of swallowing involves having the drug in the form of liquid-filled balloons or condoms/packages. These are impossible to detect unless the airport has high-sensitivity X-Ray equipment, as a liquid mixture of water and the drug will most not be detected using a standard X-Ray machine. Most of the major airports in Europe and the US have the more sensitive machines. In most cases, it is only necessary to wait for the packets to pass but if a packet ruptures or if there is intestinal obstruction it may be necessary to operate and surgically remove the packets. Oil-based laxatives should never be used, as they can weaken the latex of condoms and cause packets to rupture. Emetics like syrup of ipecac and endoscopic retrieval all carry a risk of packet rupture and should not be used. Repeat imaging is only necessary. Ruptured packets can be fatal and require treatment as for a drug overdose and may require admission to an intensive care unit. Body packers are not always reliable sources of information about the contents of the packages.
Urine toxicology may be necessary to determine what drugs are being carried and what antidotes are needed. Electronic products such as iPhones sell cheaper in Hong Kong, one of China's Special Administrative Regions where the tax laws are relaxed. Smugglers buy them in Hong Kong and employ mules that strap iPhones around their waists