In Greek mythology, Despoina was the daughter of Demeter and Poseidon and sister of Arion. She was the goddess of mysteries of Arcadian cults, worshipped under the title Despoina, alongside her mother Demeter, one of the central figures of the Eleusinian Mysteries, her real name could not be revealed to anyone except those initiated to her mysteries. Writing during the second century A. D. Pausanias spoke of Demeter as having two daughters. Pausanias made. In the myth, Poseidon desired her. To avoid him, she took her archaic form of a mare, but he took the form of a stallion and mated with her. From this union Demeter bore a daughter, a fabulous horse, Arion. Due to her anger at this turn of events, Demeter was given the epithet, Erinys; the word, Despoina, is derived from *des-potnia, "lady or mistress of the house", from PIE *dómos, "house" and *potniha-, "lady, mistress". The masculine form is Despotes, "master of the house". Related attested forms, written in the Linear B syllabary, are the Mycenaean Greek, po-ti-ni-ja, po-se-da-o, and, po-se-da-wo-ne, which were inherited into classical Greece with identical or related meanings.
Demeter is a related word, interpreted by some, as "mother of the house". The cult of Despoina is important in the history of ancient Greek religion; the Arcadian cults come from a more primitive religion. Evidently, the religious beliefs of the first Greek-speaking people who entered the region were mixed with the beliefs of the indigenous population; the figure of a goddess of nature and death, was dominant in both Minoan and Mycenean cults during the Bronze Age. Wanax was her male companion in the Mycenean cult, this title was applied to the god Poseidon as king of the sea. In the myth of the isolated land of Arcadia, the river spirit of the underworld appears as a horse, as was usual in northern European folklore, he mates with the mare and from the union she bears the horse, a daughter who had the shape of a mare too. It seems that the Greek deities started as powers of nature, they were given other attributes; these powers of nature developed into a belief in nymphs and in deities with human forms and the heads or tails of animals.
Some of them, such as Pan and the Silenoi, survived into the classical age. The two great Arcadian goddesses and Despoina, were related to the springs and the animals, to the goddess Artemis, the first nymph. On a marble relief at Lycosura is the veil of Despoina, on which human figures are represented with the heads of different animals in a ritual dance; some of them hold flutes. These could be a procession of women of hybrid creatures. Similar processions of daemons or human figures with animal masks appear on Mycenean frescoes and gold rings. Most of the temples were built near springs, in some of them there is evidence of a fire which always was kept burning. At Lycosura, a fire burned in front of the temple of the goat god; the megaron of Eleusis is quite similar to the "megaron" of Despoina at Lycosura. Despoina was worshipped in a sanctuary at Lycosura, west of the town of Megalopolis. Although this cult remained regional rather than becoming panhellenic, this is a important site for the study of ancient mystery religions.
Despoina was conflated with Persephone. First in that place there was a temple of Artemis Hegemone with a bronze image. An entrance to the sacred enclosure of Despoine was nearby. In the portico there was a tablet with inscriptions of the mysteries. In front of the temple there was an altar to Demeter and another to Despoine, after, a third one, to the Great Mother goddess. Demeter carried a torch in her other hand was laid upon Despoine. By the side of Demeter stood Artemis. By the image of Despoine stood Anytos, one of the Titans; the Arcadians believed that Despoine was brought up by Anytos, that Artemis was not the daughter of Leto, but of Demeter. In the temple complex there was the hall where the Arcadians celebrated the mysteries and beyond it, a grove sacred to Despoine and altars associated with Poseidon Hippios and other deities, she was known by the additional epithet of Despoine among the general population, just as they surnamed Demeter's daughter by Zeus as Kore. In the mysteries Demeter was a second goddess below her daughter, the unnameable "Despoina".
It seems that the myths in Arcadia were connected with the first Greek-speaking people who came from the north during the Bronze Age. The two goddesses had close connections with the springs, they were related to Poseidon, the god of the rivers and the springs, to Artemis, the first nymph. Her epithet, "the mistress", has its analogue in Mycenean Greek inscriptions found at Pylos in southern Greece and at Knossos in Crete. Despoina was conflated with Kore, the goddess of the Eleusinian mysteries, in a life-death-rebirth cycle. Karl Kerenyi asserted that the cult was a continuation of a Minoan goddess, that her name recalls the Minoan-Mycenaean goddess, da-pu2-ri-to-jo,po-ti-ni-ja, i.e. the unnamable "Mi
Despina Vandi, born as Despina Malea on 22 July 1969, is a Greek singer. Born in Tübingen near Stuttgart, Vandi's family returned to Kavala, Greece when she was six years old. After moving to Athens in the early 1990s, Vandi signed with Minos EMI and released two albums Gela Mou and Esena Perimeno, she began an exclusive collaboration with songwriter/producer Phoebus and struck commercial success with her third album, Deka Endoles, followed by the multi-platinum Profities, as she established a more "pop" stage performance style and image, becoming one of the most prominent portrayers of the laïko/pop genre. Her single "Ipofero" became the best-selling single of all-time in Greece. Following Phoebus' departure from Minos EMI, Vandi followed him to the newly formed independent label Heaven Music and released Gia, which became and remains her biggest commercial success, as well as one of the best-selling albums of all time in Greece and Cyprus. Vandi released the album abroad and the self-titled single "Gia", topping the US Billboard Hot Dance Airplay and making her the first Greek artist to top a Billboard chart.
She returned with Stin Avli Tou Paradeisou, certified multi-platinum and became her fourth album to achieve six-figure sales. In 2007 10 Hronia Mazi, a ten-year celebration of her collaboration with Phoebus was released, followed by her eighth studio album C'est La Vie. In 2012 she released the album Allaxa, certified 2x platinum sales and has been her first double platinum record since 2005. Vandi has won three Arion Music Awards, ten MAD Video Music Awards, seven Pop Corn Music Awards, a World Music Award, becoming the first Greek artist recording in Greece to win the award. On 14 March 2010, Alpha TV ranked Vandi the fourth top-certified Greek female artist in the nation's phonographic era, with 11 records having been certified platinum or multi-platinum and three gold by the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry of Greece. According to Heaven Music, as of 2007, Vandi has sold one million records in Greece. In the aftermath of her success, Vandi gained the title of the "queen" of Greek music.
In the years 2013–2015 Vandi was one of the four artists/coaches participating in the Greek version of The Voice called The Voice of Greece. And she was one of the four artists/coaches in Rising Star in 2016. Vandi's first album was released in 1994 under the Minos EMI label, titled Gela Mou; this album was distinguished by the self-titled song "Gela Mou", as long as by the song "Den iparhi tipota" and her duet To Adieksodo with the popular and acclaimed singer Giannis Parios. Both songs were written by Vassilis Karras. In 1996, Vandi released Esena Perimeno. Singles on this album include Esena Perimeno, Den Pethainei I Agapi, Efiges. Most of the songs were written by her friend and now musical director Tony Kontaxakis. Although a few of her first songs received some airplay, the first two albums themselves had mild success. Together the albums have sold under 30 thousand copies. A statement made by Vandi implied the combined album sales to be in the range of 10–27 thousand copies. 1997 would be the year Vandi would make her breakthrough in mainstream Greek music as she teamed up with popular songwriter Phoebus.
Phoebus wrote the songs of Vandi's next album, Deka Entoles, certified double platinum and sold 100,000 copies in Greece. Vandi's partnership with Phoebus would turn out to be one of the most notable in the Greek recording industry and they would continue to have commercial success for a decade and more. With the success of Deka Entoles Vandi became popular in the Greek music industry with a string of hits and popular appearances. In 1998 Vandi released the platinum cd-single "Spania", while that year, she experimented with acting, she was asked to play a guest star role in the hit television show "Dio Xeni". Vandi made her first appearance on television, she played a singer of a local small city, able to change the sexuality of the main gay character. She managed to gain good reviews for her acting talent. Vandi's next album Profities was released in 1999 and was certified gold the day of its release and platinum in 2 days, it became triple platinum, selling 150 thousand copies. Big hits from the album were the songs: "Apapa", "To Giatriko", "To Koritsaki sou" and "Sta Dosa Ola".
That year Vandi gave her first sold-out solo concert at the concert hall of Lycabettus with 7,000 people in attendance. In 2000, Despina Vandi released the single Ipofero; the single was certified six times platinum and was awarded as being the most successful single of all time in Greece, based on sales at the Virgin Megastores, which reached 150 thousand copies. An honorary award was given to her by Richard Branson of Virgin in England. In 2001 Despina Vandi and Phoebus signed in with Heaven Music, a new break-out record label, owned by the Antenna Group. Despina's following album Gia, meaning "Hi" was a double album including 21 new songs; the album was certified 4x platinum in only 11 days and became one of the best-selling albums of all time in Greece. Many of the songs on the album became hits not only Greece, but in neighboring countries such as Cyprus and Lebanon. Shortly after, Vandi gave an open free concert in Thessaloniki singing in front of a crowd of more than 60,000 people. At the 2002 World Music Awards, Vandi was awarded as the World's "Best Selling Greek Artist".
Milica Despina of Wallachia
Milica Despina or Milița Despina was the Princess consort of Wallachia by marriage to Neagoe Basarab, who ruled. She was regent of Wallachia on the behalf of her son Teodosie of Wallachia. In years she became a nun, took the name Platonida. Princess Milica Despina was of Serbian origin, related to noble houses of Branković and Lazarević. In historiography, there are several theories about her parents; some scholars think that she was one of the daughters of Serbian despot Jovan Branković who died in 1502. Others think that she was daughter of John′s elder brother, Serbian despot Đorđe Branković who died in 1516. There is some other views about her origin. Milica Despina and Neagoe Basarab had six children: Teodosie of Wallachia Stana of Wallachia married to Stephen IV of Moldavia Petru Ioan Roxanda of Wallachia married to Radu of Afumați, to Radu Paisie Angelina of Wallachia I. C. Filitti, "Despina, princesse de Valachie, fille présumée de Jean Brankovitch", Revista istorică română, I, Bucureşti 1931, 241-250.
I. R. Mircea, P. Ş. Năsturel, "De l'ascendance de Despina, épouse du voévode Neagoe Basarab", Romanoslavica, X, Bucureşti 1964, 435-437. C. Nicolescu, "Princesses Serbes sur le trône des Principautes Roumanies", Зборник за ликовне уметности, 5, Нови Сад 1969, 95-117
Così fan tutte
Così fan tutte, ossia La scuola degli amanti, K. 588, is an Italian-language opera buffa in two acts by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart first performed on 26 January 1790 at the Burgtheater in Vienna, Austria. The libretto was written by Lorenzo Da Ponte who wrote Le nozze di Figaro and Don Giovanni. Although it is held that Così fan tutte was written and composed at the suggestion of the Emperor Joseph II, recent research does not support this idea. There is evidence that Mozart's contemporary Antonio Salieri tried to set the libretto but left it unfinished. In 1994, John Rice uncovered two terzetti by Salieri in the Austrian National Library; the short title, Così fan tutte means "So do they all", using the feminine plural to indicate women. It is translated into English as "Women are like that"; the words are sung by the three men in scene 13, just before the finale. Da Ponte had used the line "Così fan tutte le belle" earlier in Le nozze di Figaro; the first performance of Mozart's setting took place at the Burgtheater in Vienna on 26 January 1790.
It was given only five times before the run was stopped by the death of the Emperor Joseph II and the resulting period of court mourning. It was performed twice in June 1790 with the composer conducting the second performance, again in July and August. After that it was not performed in Vienna during Mozart's lifetime; the first British performance was in May 1811 at London. Così fan tutte was not performed in the U. S. until 1922, when it was given at the Metropolitan Opera. According to William Mann, Mozart disliked prima donna Adriana Ferrarese del Bene, da Ponte's arrogant mistress for whom the role of Fiordiligi had been created. Knowing her idiosyncratic tendency to drop her chin on low notes and throw back her head on high ones, Mozart filled her showpiece aria Come scoglio with constant leaps from low to high and high to low in order to make Ferrarese's head "bob like a chicken" onstage; the subject-matter did not offend Viennese sensibilities of the time, but in the 19th and early 20th centuries was considered risqué, immoral.
The opera was performed, when it did appear it was presented in one of several bowdlerised versions. After World War II it regained a place in the standard operatic repertoire and is now performed. While the use of modern fach titles and voice categories for these roles has become customary, Mozart was far more general in his own descriptions of the voice types: Fiordiligi, Guglielmo, Ferrando and Don Alfonso; these modern voice types are varied in performance practice. Don Alfonso is performed by baritones such as Thomas Allen and Bo Skovhus and Dorabella is always performed by a mezzo-soprano. In the ensembles, Guglielmo's music lies lower than Alfonso's, accordingly has been performed by basses such as James Morris and Wladimiro Ganzarolli, Despina is performed by a mezzo, such as Cecilia Bartoli, Frederica von Stade, Agnes Baltsa and Ann Murray. Ferrando and Fiordiligi, can only be sung by a tenor and a soprano because of the high tessitura of their roles; the instrumentation is as follows: Woodwinds: 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons.
Fiordiligi's aria "Per pietà, ben mio, perdona", act 2, contains a rare instance of clarinets in B-natural. Score. In most modern editions this is made into a part for A clarinets; the NMA keeps the notation for the B clarinet. There is evidence that some of the clarinet writing was intended for basset clarinet due to its low range. Brass: 2 horns, 2 trumpets. Percussion: 2 timpani – an additional military drum is used on stage. Strings: first violins, second violins, violoncellos, double basses. Basso continuo in secco recitatives of harpsichord and violoncello. Mozart and Da Ponte use the theme of "fiancée swapping". Elements from Shakespeare's The Taming of the Shrew are present. Furthermore, it incorporates elements of the myth of Procris. Place: Naples Time: the 18th century Scene 1: A coffeehouse In a cafe and Guglielmo express certainty that their fiancées will be eternally faithful. Don Alfonso expresses skepticism and claims, he lays a wager with the two officers, claiming he can prove in a day's time that those two, like all women, are fickle.
The wager is accepted: the two officers will pretend to have been called off to war. The scene shifts to the two women. Alfonso arrives to announce the bad news: the officers have been called off to war. Ferrando and Guglielmo arrive and bid farewell; as the boat with the men sails off to sea and the sisters wish them safe travel. Alfonso, left alone, gloatingly predicts that the women
Nikos Karvelas is a Greek songwriter and singer. He has sold millions of records as a producer and is most recognizable for his three-decade-long collaboration with Anna Vissi, while some of his other well-known collaborations include Tolis Voskopoulos and Sakis Rouvas. Karvelas has released multiple personal studio albums that have had mild to big success. In 2012, Alpha TV ranked Karvelas as the 13th top-certified composer in Greece in the phonographic era. Karvelas was born in Piraeus; when he was 5 years old, his parents bought him his first piano. He composed his first melodies. During the 1970s, he studied law at the University of Athens. Karvelas created his first rock band influenced by famous rock bands like the Beatles and The Rolling Stones, he started to become known at the end of the 1970s. In the early 1980s, Karvelas met his muse, a few years in 1983, they got married. Vissi has claimed that the first impression she had when she met Karvelas was a "hairy thing," but she was amazed by his talent and his sex appeal.
Karvelas' career as a singer started in 1985 when he released his first studio album under CBS Records Greece, San Diskos Palios making two big hits and Kalokairines Diakopes. The album became gold. In 1987, he released it became platinum. Next year, he released his third album, Dimosies Scheseis and in 1989 he released his fourth album, "Tsouzi." His fifth step tended to be his "lucky" album. It became gold; the top hit of the album was a duet with Vissi. One year he released another gold album, titled O Teleftaios Horos; the self-titled duet with Vissi confirmed the rumors about the problems of their marriage. In 1991, Karvelas and Vissi tried their luck in a different type of music. Demones is the first opera composed by Karvelas and Vissi was the protagonist, while actors including Nikos Samsiaras and John Modinos participated. Vissi has stated "Me and Nikos would like so much to do Demones in Athens and we spent all our money to produce it without knowing if it will have success"; the rock opera was a great success and for two years the theater "Attikon" was sold-out.
Emeis was the next album of Karvelas, released in 1992 with the top single Emeis, another duet with Vissi. Two years Karvelas releases another gold album, 25 ores. All the albums became either gold or platinum. In 1993, Karvelas released Best Of with 2 new songs, "Oikto" and "Thes Den Thes". In 1996, he released the album To Aroma tis Amartias and it became platinum. Next year, the title of his gold album, O Pio Eftihismenos Anthropos Pano Sti Gi expressed Karvelas' mood; this certain period, Karvelas moved to London permanently, having enough time and great inspiration to prepare his next steps. He released the album Ena Hrono to Perissotero. Vissi sang with Nikos the top single of the album, the name of the album. In 2000, Karvelas from London shared his new hits with his fans in the album Ola Ine Endaxi. However, he started to prepare his new musical Mala, dealing with the story of Mala Zimetbaum, a Jewish girl who tried to escape from Auschwitz in 1944. In January 2002, Mala’s premiere in "Pallas" theater took place, with Vissi playing the lead role.
The musical was a great success and it was sold-out every night. After Mala, Karvelas released Party Gia Spasmenes Kardies. Boom Boom Boom was the first single of a memorial duet with Vissi, his next album was Robot, released by Nitro Music. In 2004, he released a single dedicated to the Greek football champion team in Euro 2004; the title was Imaste Nikites. Some of the football players participated in the song's music video. In 2006, he released the album Thriller and in 2007 the single Pios Fovate ton Passari. In late 2007, he released the album Trakter. In February 2009, Karvelas released his 19th studio album titled Adio Heimona. In a radio interview prior to the album's release, good friend Natalia Germanou, described the album as featuring a variety of styles, classified it as "the return of good old Karvelas." In December 2009, it was announced that Karvelas would become the head judge on the Greek talent show "Greek Idol" to be aired on Alpha TV in 2010, but he withdrew from the project before it started airing.
In the beginning of the 1980s, Karvelas met Vissi and a few years in 1983, they got married. They have a daughter named Sofia Karvela; the couple got divorced, but remain good friends up to date, while Karvelas writes most of Vissi's songs. In January 2008, Karvelas and his fiancé Annita Pania had a son named Andreas. In November 2008, Pania and Karvelas were arrested by the police after an alleged police chase, which started off with them running a red light; the incident started when a car, driven by Karvelas, ran a red light. Police allegedly followed them and turned their sirens on to pull them over. Karvelas continued on, running further red lights and driving erratically, while the police continued to chased him. Pania and Karvelas allege that they were listening to a new song Karvelas wrote, with the volume up high, did no hear any sirens and were not aware of any police, they deny running the red light. The couple claimed that the policemen not only were overzealous, commanding a
Miss Massachusetts USA
The Miss Massachusetts USA competition is the pageant that selects the representative for the state of Massachusetts in the Miss USA pageant. Whilst Massachusetts is not one of the more successful states in terms of number of placements or semi-finalists, their fortunes were improved in recent years when Shawnae Jebbia was crowned Miss USA in 1998 and Susie Castillo won the crown in 2003. Both Miss USA winners from Massachusetts were asked the same final question during the live telecasts. Miss USA winners: Shawnae Jebbia, Susie Castillo 1st runners-up: Diane Pollard Top 10 placements: Mercedes Waggoner, Jacqueline Bruno Top 12 placements: Monica Magnus, Janet Marie Flaherty, Kristen Mastroianni Top 15 placements: Sandra Ramsey, Barbara Feldman, Elaine Cusick, Sandra Smith, Nancy Brackett, Sarah Kidd, Allissa Latham Miss Congeniality: Stacey Blaine Best State Costume: JoAnne Savery Color key 1 Age at the time of the Miss USA pageant Official Website
Mileva Olivera Lazarević, Despina Hatun was the youngest daughter of Lazar of Serbia and Princess Milica and the wife of Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I, whom she married just after the Battle of Kosovo in 1389, as a pledge of peace between the Lazarević and Ottoman dynasties. After the marriage, she became Despina Hatun. Olivera Despina Hatun was born around 1372, the youngest daughter of Prince Lazar and Princess Milica of Serbia, her mother was a descendant of Grand Prince Stefan Nemanja, the founder of the Nemanjić dynasty and the fourth cousin once removed of Emperor Dušan of Serbia. Olivera had four older sisters, Dragana and Jelena and two brothers, Serbian despot Stefan Lazarević and Vuk. After the Battle of Kosovo in 1389, Olivera was sent to the harem of Sultan Bayezid I, where she remained for the next 12 years and became one of the sultan's four wives. Despite her marriage, she never converted to Islam, she had a great influence on the sultan, which helped her people and family survive the turbulent times.
In the Battle of Ankara on 20 July 1402, Olivera and Bayezid were captured by Timur. She was released after her husband's death in captivity, she spent the rest of her life in the court of her brother Stefan in Belgrade or in the court of her sister Jelena in Herceg Novi. Olivera died sometime after 1444. Ćirković, Sima. The Serbs. Malden: Blackwell Publishing. Princess Olivera, a forgotten Serbian Heroine, Princess Olivera Foundation, Belgrade 2009 Jefimija Princess Milica of Serbia Saint Angelina of Serbia Mara Branković Jelena Balšić Helen of Anjou Simonida Maria Angelina Doukaina Palaiologina Nicodemus of Tismana Princess Olivera - Foundation Фонд „Принцеза Оливера“ Оливера - принцеза у харему - srb