The Daimler Company Limited, until 1910, the Daimler Motor Company Limited, was an independent British motor vehicle manufacturer founded in London by H. J. Lawson in 1896, which set up its manufacturing base in Coventry; the company bought the right to the use of the Daimler name from Gottlieb Daimler and Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft of Cannstatt, Germany. After early financial difficulty and a reorganisation of the company in 1904, the Daimler Motor Company was purchased by Birmingham Small Arms Company in 1910, which made cars under its own name before World War II. In 1933, BSA made it a subsidiary of Daimler. Daimler was awarded a Royal Warrant to provide cars to the British Monarch in 1902. Daimler used alternative technology: the Knight engine which it further developed in the early twentieth century and used from 1909 to 1935, worm gear final drive fitted from 1909 until after the Second World War, their patented fluid flywheel used in conjunction with a Wilson preselector gearbox from 1930 to the mid-1950s.
In the 1950s, Daimler tried to widen its appeal with a line of smaller cars at one end and opulent show cars at the other, stopped making Lanchesters, had a publicised removal of their chairman from the board, developed and sold a sports car and a high-performance luxury saloon and limousine. In 1960, BSA sold Daimler to Jaguar Cars, which continued Daimler's line and added a Daimler variant of its Mark II sports saloon. Jaguar was merged into the British Motor Corporation in 1966 and British Leyland in 1968. Under these companies, Daimler became an upscale trim level for Jaguar cars except for the 1968-1992 Daimler DS420 limousine, which had no Jaguar equivalent despite being Jaguar-based; when Jaguar Cars was split off from British Leyland in 1984 it retained the Daimler company and brand. In 1990 Ford Motor Company bought Jaguar Cars and under Ford it stopped using the Daimler marque in 2007. Jaguar Cars remained in their ownership, from 2000 accompanied by Land Rover, until they sold both Jaguar and Land Rover to Tata Motors in 2008, who created Jaguar Land Rover as a subsidiary holding company for them.
In 2013, Jaguar Cars was merged with Land Rover to form Jaguar Land Rover Limited, the rights to the Daimler car brand were transferred to the newly formed British multinational car manufacturer Jaguar Land Rover. Engineer Frederick Richard Simms was supervising construction of an aerial cableway of his own design for the Bremen Exhibition in 1889 when he saw tiny railcars powered by Gottlieb Daimler's motors. Simms, born to English parents in Hamburg and raised by them there, became friends with Daimler, an Anglophile who had worked from autumn 1861 to summer 1863 at Beyer-Peacock in Gorton, Manchester. Simms introduced Daimler’s motors to England in 1890 to power launches. In an agreement dated 18 February 1891, he obtained British and Empire rights for the Daimler patents; that month, Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft lent Simms a motorboat with a 2 hp engine and an extra engine. In June 1891 Simms had set up a London office at 49 Leadenhall Street and founded Simms & Co consulting engineers. In May 1892, the motorboat, which Simms had named Cannstatt, began running on the Thames from Putney.
After demonstrating a motor launch to The Honourable Evelyn Ellis, Simms's motor launch business grew but became endangered when solicitor Alfred Hendriks was found to have been illegally taking money from the company. Hendriks severed his connections with Simms & Co. in February 1893. Simms' Daimler-related work was moved into a new company, The Daimler Motor Syndicate Limited, formed on 26 May 1893. Following the success of Daimler-powered Peugeots and Panhards at the 1894 Paris–Rouen competition, Simms decided to open a motor car factory the UK's first motor company. On 7 June 1895, Simms told the board of the Daimler Motor Syndicate that he intended to form The Daimler Motor Company Limited to acquire the British rights to the Daimler patents and to manufacture Daimler engines and cars in England; that month, he arranged for the syndicate to receive a ten percent commission on all British sales of Daimler-powered Panhard & Levassor cars. At the same meeting, Simms produced the first licence to operate a car under the Daimler patents.
It was for a 3½ hp Panhard & Levassor, bought in France by The Honourable Evelyn Ellis, who had three Daimler motor launches moored by his home at Datchet. On 3 July, after Ellis bought the licence, the car was landed at Southampton and driven by Ellis to Micheldever near Winchester where Ellis met Simms and they drove together to Datchet. Ellis drove it on to Malvern; this was the first long journey by motorcar in Britain. Simms referred to the car as a "Daimler Motor Carriage". In 1895, Simms announced plans to form The Daimler Motor Company Limited and to build a brand-new factory, with delivery of raw materials by light rail, for 400 workmen making Daimler engines and motor carriages. Simms asked his friend Daimler to be consulting engineer to the new enterprise. Works premises at Eel Pie Island on the Thames where the Thames Electric and Steam Launch Company, owned by Andrew Pears of Pears Soap fame, had been making electrically powered motor launches, were purchased to be used to service Daimler-powered motor launches.
Investor Harry John Lawson had set out to use The British Motor Syndicate Limited to monopolise motor car production in Britain by taking over every patent he could. As part of this goal, Lawson approached Simms on 15 October 1895, seeking the right to arrange the public flotation of the proposed new company and to acquire a large shareholding for his British Mo
British Motor Corporation
The British Motor Corporation Limited was a UK-based vehicle manufacturer, formed in early 1952 to give effect to an agreed merger of the Morris and Austin businesses. BMC acquired the shares in the Austin Motor Company. Morris Motors, the holding company of the productive businesses of the Nuffield Organisation, owned MG, Wolseley; the agreed exchange of shares in Morris or Austin for shares in the new holding company, BMC, became effective in mid-April 1952. In September 1965, BMC took control of its major supplier of bodies, Pressed Steel, acquiring Jaguar's body supplier in the process. In September 1966, BMC merged with Jaguar Cars. In December 1966, BMC changed its name to British Motor Holdings Limited. BMH merged in May 1968 with Leyland Motor Corporation Limited, which made trucks and buses owned Standard-Triumph International Limited, BMH becoming the major part of British Leyland Motor Corporation. BMC was the largest British car company of its day, with 39% of British output, producing a wide range of cars under brand names including Austin, Morris, MG, Austin-Healey and Wolseley, as well as commercial vehicles and agricultural tractors.
The first chairman was Lord Nuffield, but he was replaced at the end of 1952 by Austin's Leonard Lord, who continued in that role until his 65th birthday in 1961, but handing over, in theory at least, the managing director responsibilities to his deputy George Harriman in 1956. BMC's headquarters were at the Austin Longbridge plant, near Birmingham and Austin was the dominant partner in the group because of the chairman; the use of Morris engine designs was dropped within three years and all new car designs were coded ADO from "Amalgamated Drawing Office". The Longbridge plant was up to date, having been modernised in 1951, compared favourably with Nuffield's 16 different and old-fashioned factories scattered over the Midlands. Austin's management systems, however cost control and marketing, were not as good as Nuffield's and as the market changed from a shortage of cars to competition, this was to tell; the biggest-selling car, the Mini, was famously analysed by Ford Motor Company, which concluded that BMC must have been losing £30 on every one sold.
The result was that although volumes held up well throughout the BMC era, market share fell as did profitability and hence investment in new models, triggering the 1966 merger with Jaguar Cars to form British Motor Holdings, the government-sponsored merger of BMH with Leyland Motor Corporation in 1968. At the time of the mergers, a well established dealership network was in place for each of the marques. Among the car-buying British public was a tendency of loyalty to a particular marque and marques appealed to different market segments; this meant that marques competed against each other in some areas, though some marques had a larger range than others. The Riley and Wolseley models were selling in small numbers. Styling was getting distinctly old-fashioned and this caused Leonard Lord, in an unusual move for him, to call upon the services of an external stylist. In 1958, BMC hired Battista Farina to redesign its entire car line; this resulted in the creation of three "Farina" saloons, each of, badge-engineered to fit the various BMC car lines.
The compact Farina model bowed in 1958 with the Austin A40 Farina. This is considered by many to be the first mass-produced hatchback car: a small estate version was produced with a horizontally split tailgate, its size and configuration would today be considered that of a small hatchback. A Mark II A40 Farina appeared in 1961 and was produced through 1967; these small cars used the A-Series engine. The mid-sized Farinas were launched in 1958 with the Wolseley 15/60. Other members of the group included Austin A55 Cambridge Mk. II, MG Magnette Mk. III, Morris Oxford V. Later, the design was licensed in Argentina and produced as the Siam Di Tella 1500, Traveller station wagon and Argenta pick-up; the mid-size cars used the B-Series straight-4 engine. Most of these cars lasted until 1961, though the Di Tellas remained until 1966, they were replaced with a new Farina body style and most were renamed. These were MG Magnette Mk. IV, Morris Oxford VI, Riley 4/72, Wolseley 16/60 and in 1964 the Siam Magnette 1622 alongside the Siam Di Tella in Argentina.
These remained in production until 1968, with no rear-wheel drive replacement produced. Farina designed a large car. Launched in 1959 as the Austin A99 Westminster, Vanden Plas Princess 3-Litre, Wolseley 6/99, it used the large C-Series straight-6 engine; the large Farinas were updated in 1961 as the Austin A110 Westminster, Vanden Plas Princess 3-Litre Mk. II, Wolseley 6/110; these remained in production until 1968. Austin A125 Sheerline 1947–54 Austin A135 Princess 1947–56 Austin A40 Sports 1950–53 Austin A70 Hereford 1950–54 Austin A30 1951–56 Austin A90 Atlantic 1949–52 Austin A40 Devon 1947–52 MG TD 1949–53 MG Y-type 1947–53 Morris Minor 1948–71 Morris Oxford MO 1948–54 Morris Six MS 1948–53 Riley RM series 1945–55 Wolseley 4/50 1948–53 Wolseley 6/80 1948–54 Nuffield Oxford Taxi 1947–55 Most BMC projects followed the earlier Austin practice of describing vehicles with an'ADO' number. Hence, cars that had more than one marque name would have the same ADO number. Given the complex badge-engineering that BMC undertook, it is common amongst enthusiasts to use the ADO number when referring to vehicles which were a single design (for example, saying'The ADO15 entered production in 1959'- this encompasses the fact that when launched, the ADO15
Violette Cordery, was a British racing driver and long distance record breaker. Cordery was born in London to Henry Cordery and had an elder sister /Leslie and a younger sister Evelyn who participated in her driving exploits. Cordery was employed as a driver to captain Noel Macklin of the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve at Dover, he subsequently invalided out of the Royal Artillery in 1915 and transferred to the RNVR. Macklin was married to her elder sister Lucy. In 1920 she competed in the South Harting hill climb driving a Silver Hawk, manufactured by Noel Macklin. Cordery competed in two British Motor Cycle Racing Club handicap events driving an Eric-Campbell manufactured by Noel Macklin. In May 1921 she won the ladies' race at the Junior Car Club meeting. In 1925 she publicised the new Invicta car manufactured by Noel Macklin, by racing and breaking records. At the West Kent Motor Club meeting at Brooklands she won the half mile sprint in a 2.7 litre Invicta, went on other victories and records.
In 1926 she set a long distance record at the Autodromo Nazionale Monza, when she co-drove a 19.6 hp Invicta for 10,000 miles at 56.47 miles per hour. In July 1926 she averaged 70.7 miles per hour for 5,000 miles at Autodrome de Linas-Montlhéry, became the first woman to be awarded the Dewar Trophy by the Royal Automobile Club. In 1927 she drove an Invicta around the world in five months, covering 10,266 miles at an average speed of 24.6 miles per hour. She traveled through Europe, India, the United States, Canada accompanied by a nurse, a mechanic, a Royal Automobile Club observer. In 1929, with her younger sister Evelyn, she covered 30,000 miles of the Brooklands circuit within 30,000 minutes at an average speed 61.57 miles per hour and earning a second Dewar Trophy from the Royal Automobile Club. By 1930 her 4.5-litre Invicta tourer had completed return journeys from London to Monte Carlo, London to John O'Groats and London to Edinburgh. Cordery married the racing driver and aviator John Stuart Hindmarsh on 15 September 1931 at Stoke D'Abernon parish church.
They had two daughters. Widowed in 1938 by Hindmarsh's death while test flying a Hawker Hurricane, she retired from public life until her death on 30 December 1983 in Oxshott, Surrey, she was cremated at Randalls Park crematorium. British Pathe Video of Violet Cordery's Invicta beginning its'Round the World' trip in 1927 Tejera, P.. Reinas de la carretera. Madrid: Ediciones Casiopea
Not to be confused with other Invicta car manufacturing ventures: Finchley, London, 1900–1905 or Leamington Spa, Warwickshire, 1913–1914. Invicta is a British automobile manufacturer; the brand has been available intermittently through successive decades. The manufacturer was based in Cobham, England from 1925 to 1933 in Chelsea, England from 1933 to 1938 and in Virginia Water, England from 1946 to 1950. More the name was revived for the Invicta S1 sports car produced between 2004 and 2012; this manufacturer was founded by Noel Macklin with Oliver Lyle of the sugar family providing finance. Assembly took place in Macklin's garage at his home at Fairmile Cottage on the main London to Portsmouth road in Cobham, Surrey. Macklin had tried car making with Eric-Campbell & Co Limited and his own Silver Hawk Motor Company Limited The Invicta cars were designed to combine flexibility, the ability to accelerate from virtual standstill in top gear, with sporting performance. With the assistance of William Watson, his mechanic from pre-World War I racing days, a prototype was built on a Bayliss-Thomas frame with Coventry Simplex engine in the stables of Macklin's house on the western side of Cobham.
The first production car, the 1925 2½ litre used a Meadows straight six, overhead-valve engine and four-speed gearbox in a chassis with semi elliptical springs all round and cost from £595. Two different chassis lengths were available, 9 feet 4 inches SC and 10 feet LC to cater for the customer's choice of bodywork; as demand grew a lot of the construction work went to Lenaerts and Dolphens in Barnes, London but final assembly and test remained at Fairmile. The engine grew to 3 litres in 1926 and 4½ litres in late 1928; the larger engine was used in the William Watson designed 1929 4½ litre NLC chassis available in short 9 feet 10 inches or long 10 feet 6 inches versions, but the less expensive A Type replaced the NLC in 1930. In 1930 the S-type was launched at the London Motor Show. Still using the 4½ litre Meadows engine but in a low chassis slung under the rear axle. About 75 were made. In an attempt to widen the market appeal the 1½ litre straight-six overhead-cam Blackburne engined 12/45 L-type was announced in 1932.
It was a large car with its 9 feet 10 inches wheelbase and proved too heavy for the available power needing a 6:1 rear axle ratio. It was available with a preselector gearbox as most had coachwork by Carbodies; the supercharged 12/90 of 1933 increased the available power from 45 to 90 bhp but few were made and a proposed twin-cam 12/100 never got beyond a prototype. Sporting success for Invicta came via Violette Cordery, Noel Macklin's sister-in-law, she won the half mile sprint at the West Kent Motor Club meeting at Brooklands in 1925 driving a 2.7 litre. In March 1926 Cordery was part of a team of six drivers that set multiple long distance records at the Autodromo Nazionale Monza in Italy, they covered 10,000 miles at 56.47 mph, 15,000 miles at 55.76 mph. In July 1926 at the Autodrome de Linas-Montlhéry track, they covered 5000 miles at 70.7 mph, taking over 70 hours of day and night driving, supervised by the Royal Automobile Club. Cordery was twice awarded the Dewar Trophy, latterly in 1929 for driving 30,000 miles in 30,000 minutes at Brooklands, averaging 61.57 mph.
Between February and July 1927 Cordery drove an Invicta around the world, accompanied by a nurse, a mechanic, an RAC observer. They covered 10,266 miles in five months at 24.6 mph, crossing Europe, India, the United States and Canada. In 1930 Donald Healey gained a class win in the Monte Carlo Rally, won the event outright in 1931 with an S Type, having startedfrom Stavanger. S. C. H. "Sammy" Davis had a spectacular accident in an S-type at Brooklands in 1931. Raymond Mays held the Brooklands Mountain Circuit Class Record in 1931 and 1932, the outright Shelsley Walsh Sports Car Record in the latter year. Car production seems to have finished in 1935. Noel Macklin went on to found Railton, who used the Cobham buildings to make their cars after Invicta moved to Chelsea in 1933. An attempted revival using Delage and Darracq components failed to get off the ground. Following the collapse of an attempted sale the court made an order for the compulsory winding up of Invicta Cars Limited on 3 May 1938.
The name was revived in 1946 by an organisation calling themselves Invicta Cars of Virginia Water Surrey who began making the Black Prince. Meadows engines were again used, this time a twin overhead camshaft 3-litre six with three carburettors giving 120 bhp; the aluminium-bodied cars – steel supplies were non-existent for new businesses in Britain's new centrally planned economy – were complex and expensive with a torque converter replacing the gearbox. The torque converter was controlled by a small switch with reverse positions. Suspension was independent using torsion bars and there were built-in electric jacks. Other innovative luxury items included a trickle-charger to charge the battery from the domestic mains, an immersion heater in the engine, interior heating of the body and a built-in radio. About 16 were made, 12 of; the new company lasted until 1950, when it was bought by AFN Ltd.. Invicta Cars Ltd. Company No. 02342199 was registered again in 1989 by Christopher Browning, an Invicta enthusiast, involved in the restoration and running of Invicta cars designed between 1925 and 1935.
The purpose of the company was – and still is today – to record and preserve the heritage of the company name and provide a reference point for all the Invicta cars th
The Jaguar I-Pace is a battery-electric crossover SUV produced by British automotive company Jaguar Land Rover under their Jaguar marque. The I-Pace was announced in March 2018, deliveries started in the second half of 2018, it is the first electric SUV from a premium European automaker. On March 4, 2019, the I-Pace won the European Car of the Year award, the first Jaguar to win in the prize's more than 50 year history; the Jaguar I-Pace was designed by Ian Callum. The concept version of the car, described as a five-seater sports car, was unveiled by JLR at the 2016 Los Angeles Motor Show and shown on-road in London in March 2017; the I-Pace is built by contract manufacturer Magna Steyr in Graz and the production version of the I-Pace was revealed in Graz on 1 March 2018. Some of the electric drive technology has come out of the Jaguar I-Type electric Formula E racing car programme, the concentric motors were developed by JLR engineer Dr. Alex Michaelides; the Jaguar I-Pace has an EPA-rated range of 234 miles.
The car has a wade depth of 500 mm. The rear boot holds 720 litres, along with 28 litres of front boot space; the drag coefficient is 0.29. The car has all-wheel drive via two motors powered by a 90kWh LG Chem lithium-ion battery comprising 40% of the car's cost, the battery management system is developed by JLR; each motor delivers 197 hp and 258 lb⋅ft of torque, for a total power of 395 hp and total torque of 516 lb⋅ft. The car is able to sprint from 0-62 mph in 4.8 seconds, to an electronically limited top speed of 124 mph. The battery contains 432 pouch cells, it can charge from 0 to 80 percent in 85 minutes using 50kW DC charging, or 45 minutes using a 100kW charger. Home charging with an AC wall box achieves the same state of charge in 10 hours; as the I-Pace has a single-phase AC charger, it is slow to charge outside fast charge areas. The car comes with a smartphone app which can locate the car, report on its locking and charging status, start it preheating; the app can not switch on rear window heaters.
In its first year, the Jaguar I-Pace received some 55 international awards from automotive industry groups and media publishers in the areas of automotive design, handling/performance, technological innovation, environmental consideration, passenger safety, with half a dozen+ international "Car/SUV of the Year" selections including Germany, United Kingdom, Sweden, Ireland, 2019 European Car of the Year. Arab Wheels "2018 EV of the Year" What Car? 2018 Reader Award - "Most Anticipated Car of 2018" Selected for AutoCar Awards "2018 Game Changer" 2018 Auto Express "Car of the Year" and "Premium EV of the Year" "2018 Car of the Year" by Sunday Times 2019 "German Car of the Year" T3 Technology Awards: "Best Car of 2018" Robb Report "October 2018 Car of the Month" Motor Authority "Best Car to Buy 2019" Finalist "Swiss Car of the Year 2019" Overall Winner - Irish Times "Top 100 Cars of 2019" Overall "Car of the Year" and "Best Alternative Fuel Car" at the 2018 Scottish Car of the Year awards 2019 "Car of the Year" by ExtremeTech "Best Premium Electric Car" - Sunday Express Winner - "European Car of the Year 2019" award Finalist in Motor Trend "SUV of the Year" China's "2019 Green Car of the Year" "2019 Scottish Car of the Year" Green Car Reports "Best Car to Buy 2019" Finalist "Best Car of the Year 2018" by Pocket Lint "Best Luxury Compact SUV 2019" by U.
S. News & World Report ALG's "2019 Residual Value Award" for Electric Category Popular Science "Best of 2018 Innovations" - Grand Award Winner Driving Electric's 2019 "Best Large Electric Car" "Luxury Green Car of the Year" - LA's 14th Annual Green Car Awards "18 Best Rides of 2018" - Chicago Tribune Professional Driver magazine "2018 Car of the Year" "Top 10 Car of the Year" - The National Forbes "Best Car Designs of 2018" Stuff Magazine "Car of the Year 2018" Top Gear magazine "EV of the Year 2018" "Norwegian Car of the Year 2019" CleanTechnica "2019 Car of the Year" Finalist GQ 2019 Car Awards: "Best Electric Car You'd Actually Drive" WhichCar "Style Awards 2019" - Finalist "2019 North American Utility Vehicle of the Year" Runner Up MotorWeek "Best of the Year 2019" "Best Executive UK Car of the Year 2019" CarBuyer "Safest Cars to Buy 2019" "Canada Utility Vehicle of the Year 2019" Finalist - 2019 World Car Awards: "World Green Car", "World Car Design of the Year" AutoWeek Magazine "2019 Quietest Cars on Sale" "2019 UK Car of the Year - Overall Winner" "Canada Green Utility Vehicle of the Year 2019" Best EV - Business Motoring Awards 2019 AutoTrader - Best New Cars for 2019 In December 2018, the European New Car Assessment Programme awarded the Jaguar I-Pace a 5-star safety rating.
In September 2017, Jaguar announced their single-make racing series for the I-Pace, called eTrophy. On August 24, 2018, Jaguar I-Pace set a new EV lap record at Laguna Seca Racetrack In California. In 2018, Eva Green starred in a series of TV advertisements for Jaguar I-Pace as part of a global campaign. In 2018, Waymo selected the Jaguar I-Pace for use in its autonomous ride-hailing service, placing an order for 20,000 vehicles. Official website
Cosworth is a British automotive engineering company founded in London in 1958, specialising in high-performance internal combustion engines and electronics. Cosworth is based in Northampton, with American facilities in Indianapolis, Shelby Charter Township and Mooresville, North Carolina. Cosworth has collected 176 wins in Formula One as engine supplier, ranking second with most wins behind Ferrari; the company was founded as a British racing internal combustion engine maker in 1958 by Mike Costin and Keith Duckworth. Its company name:'Cosworth', was derived as a portmanteau of the surnames of its two founders. Both of the co-founders were former employees of Lotus Engineering Ltd. and Cosworth maintained a strong relationship with Colin Chapman. When the company was founded in 1958, Duckworth left Lotus, leaving Costin at the company; until 1962, Costin worked on Cosworth projects in his private time, while being active as a key Lotus engineer on the development of Lotus 15 through 26, as well as leading the Team Lotus contingent at foreign races, as evidenced by the 1962 Le Mans Lotus scandal.
Initial series production engines were sold to Lotus and many of the other racing engines up to Mk. XII were delivered to Team Lotus; the success of Formula Junior engines started bringing in non-Lotus revenues, the establishment of Formula B by the Sports Car Club of America allowed the financial foundation of Cosworth to be secured by the increased sales of Mk. XIII, a pure racing engine based on Lotus TwinCam, through its domination of the class; this newly found security enabled the company to distance itself from the Lotus Mk. VII and Elan optional road engine assembly business, allowed its resources to be concentrated on racing engine development; the first Cosworth-designed cylinder head was for SCA series. A real success was achieved with the next gear-driven double overhead camshaft four-valve FVA in 1966, when Cosworth, with a help from Chapman, convinced Ford to purchase the rights to the design, sign a development contract – including an eight-cylinder version; this resulted in the DFV, which dominated Formula One for many years.
From this time on, Cosworth was supported by Ford for many years, many of the Cosworth designs were owned by Ford and named as Ford engines under similar contracts. Another success by the BD series in the 1970s put Cosworth on a growing track. Cosworth went through a number of ownership changes. After Duckworth decided he didn't want to be involved with the day-to-day business of running a growing company, he sold out the ownership to United Engineering Industries in 1980, retaining his life presidency and day-to-day technical involvement with Cosworth, becoming a UEI board director. In 1998, Vickers sold Cosworth and Pi Research to Ford. In September, 2004 Ford announced that it was selling Cosworth and Pi Research, along with Cosworth Racing Ltd, its Jaguar Formula One team. On 15 November 2004, the sale of Cosworth was completed, to Champ Car World Series owners Gerald Forsythe and Kevin Kalkhoven, the current Cosworth Group; the road car engine aspect of the business was split from the racing division, following the sale of the engineering division of Cosworth to Volkswagen / Audi Group in September 1998, renamed Cosworth Technology, before being subsequently acquired by Mahle GmbH in 2005.
Cosworth Technology was renamed as MAHLE Powertrain on 1 July 2005. Since 2006, Cosworth has diversified to provide engineering consultancy, high performance electronics, component manufacture services outside of its classic motorsport customer base. Current publicised projects range from an 80 cubic centimetres diesel engine for unmanned aerial vehicles, through to an engineering partnership on some of the world's most powerful aspirated road car engines, including upcoming Aston Martin Valkyrie 1000+bhp V12. Cosworth supplied its last premier class racing engines to one F1 team in 2013, the Marussia F1 Team; the following is the list of initial products, with cylinder heads modified, but not designed by Cosworth, on Ford Kent engine cylinder blocks. The exceptions were Mk. XVII and MAE, which had intake port sleeves for downdraft carburetors brazed into the stock cast iron cylinder head, in place of the normal side draft ports, thus could be considered Cosworth designs. In addition to the above, Cosworth designed and provided the assembly work for Lotus Elan Special Equipment optional road engines with special camshafts and high compression pistons.
The final model of the above initial series was the MAE in 1965, when new rules were introduced in Formula 3 allowing up to 1,000 cubic centimetres engines with 36mm intake restrictor plate. MAE used one barrel of a two barrel Weber IDA downdraft carburetor with the other barrel blanked off; the domination of this engine was absolute as long as these regulations lasted until 1968. As Cosworth had a serious difficulty
Thomas Dewar, 1st Baron Dewar
Thomas Robert "Tommy" Dewar, 1st Baron Dewar was a Scottish whisky distiller who, along with his brother John Dewar, built their family label, Dewar's, into an international success. They blended their whisky to make it more appealing to the international palate and Dewar demonstrated particular skills in marketing, travelling the world to find new markets and promote his product, exploiting romantic images of Scotland and tartan in his advertising. Dewar was born in 1864 in Scotland; the son of John Dewar, Sr. he was exposed at a young age to the spirit industry in Scotland as his father founded the John Dewar & Sons, Ltd. He earned his education in Perth, as well as in Edinburgh and he soon realised that farming was not his calling. After his father's death Dewar worked with his brother John A Dewar Jr to continue and grow their family's brand. Gifted with a charisma, Dewar was able to expand his father's business on a global scale. Leaving his brother in Scotland to run the business, Dewar set out to publicise their brand to the world.
Visiting 26 countries over the course of 2 years, the Dewar's brand was put on the map as one of the premier Scotch whiskies available. Dewar kept a journal of his travels which were consolidated and published in the book titled, "Ramble Round the Globe," published by Chatto and Windus in 1894. In 1923 Dewar purchased the Glen Ord Distillery and two years the Dewar brothers took their company to join the Distillers Company Ltd, both joining the board. Dewar was a justice of the peace for Kent and a Lieutenant of the City of London, Sheriff of London in 1897, entered politics as the unsuccessful Conservative candidate at the Walthamstow by-election in 1897. At the general election in October 1900 he was elected as the Member of Parliament for Tower Hamlets, St George, holding the seat until he stood down in 1906. During this period, Dewar was noted for his hostility to "pauper immigration" and played an active part in campaigning for the legislation that became the Aliens Act 1905; as the predominant emigrant group arriving in the East End in this period were Jews from Eastern Europe, Dewar's statements have been regarded as anti-Semitic.
Dewar was knighted in 1902, created a baronet, of Homestall Manor in the Parish of East Grinstead in the County of East Sussex, in 1917, raised to the peerage as Baron Dewar, of Homestall in the County of Sussex, in 1919. However, as he never married the baronetcy and barony became extinct on his death, at Homestall, in April 1930, aged sixty-six, following which he was cremated at Golders Green Crematorium. Thomas Dewar became involved in Thoroughbred horse racing as an breeder, he is best known for two significant horses: Cameronian. Challenger, foaled 1927, whom Dewar bred and raced at age two but, sold to American interests after his death; the stallion went on to become the Leading sire in North America in 1939. Bred by Dewar and foaled in 1928, Cameronian won 2,000 Guineas Stakes. Dewar created several Challenge Shields for various sports around the United Kingdom and abroad, as well as the Sheriff of London Charity Shield and the Dewar Cup in the United States for Association football.
For cycling he donated The Dewar Challenge Shield in 1901, a embossed silver plaque depicting goddesses and allusions to Scotland to include thistles and a profile of a racing cyclist centrally mounted. It is inscribed. Mounted on a shaped wooden mount, it possesses 14 silver name plaques of winners between 1901 and 1928; the Lord Dewar Challenge Cup was presented to the Serpentine Swimming Club in Hyde Park in 1925. A Dewar Challenge Shield, donated by Dewar's granddaughter Alice Dewar, is competed for annually by three rowing clubs in Hammersmith, West London: Furnivall Sculling Club, Sons of the Thames and Auriol Kensington Rowing Club; the Dewarists Dewar's World of Whisky Gazetteer for Scotland Dewar's & Sons Scotch Whiskey Homepage Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Thomas Dewar Portraits of Thomas Dewar at the National Portrait Gallery, London