Dharavi is a locality in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. With an area of just over 2.1 square kilometres, for this reason, Dharavi is currently a highly multi-religious, multi-ethnic, and diverse settlement. Dharavi has an informal economy in which numerous household enterprises employ many of the slum residents– leather, textiles. The total annual turnover has been estimated at over US$1 billion, Dharavi has suffered from many epidemics and other disasters, including a widespread plague in 1896 which killed over half of the population of Mumbai. In the 18th century, Dharavi was an island with predominantly mangrove swamp, daravi is a historical spelling of the area. It was a populated village before the late 19th century. Dharavi was then referred to as the village of Koliwadas, Mumbai has been one of the centers of Indias urbanization for 200 years. At the middle of the 19th century, after decades of growth under East India Company and British Raj. The urban area then covered mostly the southern extension of Mumbai peninsula, most parts of Mumbai faced an acute shortage of housing and serious problems with the provision of water, sanitation and drainage. Residential areas were segregated in Mumbai between European and native residential quarters, slums were heavily concentrated in areas meant for native Indian population, and it attracted no planning or London-like investment for quality of life of its inhabitants. Unsanitary conditions plagued Mumbai, particularly in the so-called Native Town, in 1869, as with 19th century epidemics in European slums, bubonic plague spread in Mumbai and then across most of India. The epidemic killed nearly 200,000 people in Mumbai and 8 million in India, the most polluting industries were tanneries, and the first tannery moved from peninsular Mumbai into Dharavi in 1887. People who worked with leather, typically a profession of lowest Hindu castes and of Muslim Indians, other early settlers included the Kumbars, a large Gujarati community of potters. The colonial government granted them a 99-year land-lease in 1895, rural migrants looking for jobs poured into Mumbai, and its population soared past 1 million. Other artisans, like the workers from Uttar Pradesh, started the ready-made garments trade. These industries created jobs, labor moved in, but there was no government effort to plan or invest in any infrastructure in or near Dharavi. The living quarters and small scale factories grew haphazardly, without provision for sanitation, drains, safe drinking water, Dharavis first mosque, Badi Masjid, started in 1887 and the oldest Hindu temple, Ganesh Mandir, was built in 1913. A large influx of Tamil migrants came in the 1920s, bombays first Tamil school and Dharavis first school was constructed in 1924
Raghul(geo project) flats entrance Dharavi
Another side of the Dharavi slum (2009). A temple and the slum's retail area can be seen in the upper left corner.
Shanty dwellings next to railway tracks in Dharavi (about 2010). A mosque inside the slum is visible. The railway network provides mass transit to the slum residents.